Spain
August 1513

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Institute of Historical Research

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G. A. Bergenroth (editor)

Year published

1866

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147-148

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'Spain: August 1513', Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 2: 1509-1525 (1866), pp. 147-148. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=93620 Date accessed: 21 October 2014.


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August 1513

Aug. or Sept. (?)
S. E. I. L. 806. f. 19.
126. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Luis Caroz De Villaragut, his Ambassador in England.
Has sent despatches to him by Pedro de Lanuza, and afterwards, on the 8th of July, by Pedro Beltrian by land, viâ Flanders, and by sea by Lope de Mena, servant of Don Pedro de Urea. Has received no answer from him to all these letters.
The most efficacious succour he can give to the King of England is by means of his army in Italy. Has ordered his viceroy to concert the necessary measures with the Emperor and the Pope, and to invade France by way of Savoy. The Emperor, however, must first make peace with the Venetians. Otherwise, Italy would remain without defence. The King of England must use his influence with the Emperor, in order to bring about an arrangement between the Emperor and the Venetians. It would be impossible for him (King Ferdinand) to form an army in Spain in such haste, and to attack France without delay on the Spanish frontiers. In addition to making war upon France in Italy, he will invade France on the frontiers of Spain as soon as the treaty with England concerning the conquest of Guienne is concluded.
The French have made new offers to him. Is, however, determined never to conclude peace with France, except with the participation and previous consent of the King of England and his other allies. If the French have told a different story, they are trying to deceive the King of England.
He must persuade the Emperor and the King of England to write to the Pope continually, and inform him that they remain allies of Spain. The Emperor and the King of England must further assure the Holy Father that the principal object of their alliance with Spain is the defence of the Church, and the suppression of the schism. The Pope ought therefore, they are to tell him, to enter their alliance, and thus provide for his security and for that of Italy. The power of France must be lowered, or she will always offend the Church, disturb Italy, make war on the Christians, and thus prevent the enterprise against the Infidels. Hopes that the Pope will contribute to the pay of the Spanish infantry in Italy and that he will censure the French, if he (King Ferdinand), the Emperor, and the King of England press him hard to do so.
If the Pope answers that the King of France has abandoned the schismatic council, the Emperor and the King of England are to say that that is not sufficient. The King of France must confess his sins, abjure them, and do public penance, according to the established laws of the Church. If that were not done "the Pope would harbour in his bosom the snake which would poison the whole Church." France is always ready to make new assaults on the Church as soon as circumstances permit. Begs the King of England to believe that the article respecting the Pope is a very essential part of their league. The accession of the Pope to their alliance would give it a colour of justice.
The French hope to cut off the English from their provisions and to wear them out in sieges of fortresses and in small actions. The King of England must, therefore, take the greatest care to provide his army with all that is necessary. Want of provisions often forces armies to place themselves in dangerous positions, or to abandon their plans. Moreover, begs the King of England not to divide his army into small detachments, but to invade France with a compact body of troops. The French are superior to the English in the art of war, and would do them much harm in a series of small engagements.
Has established a regular service of two swift vessels, which are to sail to and fro between Calais and Guipuzcoa as long as the King of England remains in France. He is to send news continually by these vessels. He must write all about the war, the person of the King of England, and the Emperor who will soon join the English army with a certain number of troops.—No date. No signature.
Indorsed : "Don Luis Caroz."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 5.


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