S. E. Var. L. 1554.
f. 225, 226.
127. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Ramon De Cardona,
his Viceroy of Naples and Captain-General of his
Army in Italy.
Has broken off all negotiations with France, and will never
more make peace with the French, except with the consent of
the Pope, the Emperor, and the King of England. He is to
tell the Pope this.
Madame Margaret has written to him that the Swiss have
invaded France from the side of Savoy. The King of England
is carrying on the war vigorously on the opposite side of France.
The Pope, he hopes, will not permit such a splendid opportunity
to pass without profiting by it. The Pope must
reconcile himself with the Duke of Ferrara, and provide for
the defences of Italy.—No date. No signature.
Indorsed : "Viceroy."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 3.
S. E. Var. L. 1545.
f. 55, 56.
128. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Ramon De Cardona,
his Viceroy Of Naples and Captain-General of his
Army in Italy.
He is always to write respecting principal affairs in a clear
and intelligible manner.
From intercepted letters of the Venetians to their ambassador
in Rome, it is clear that they will not make peace with
the Emperor, except on their own conditions, and they have
also assured the French ambassador in Rome that they will
not keep the peace even if they should conclude it. They
count upon the King of France soon driving the English out
of France and sending an army to Italy.
The Pope, the Emperor, the King of England, and he (King
Ferdinand) ought always to remain allies, and carry on two
distinct wars ; viz., that with France and that with Venice.
It is expected of the Pope that he will make use of his
spiritual weapons, and the other Italian potentates are only to
give money. For the purpose of carrying on both wars, a treaty
of alliance must be concluded between the Pope, the Emperor,
the King of England, himself (King Ferdinand), the Duke of
Milan, the Swiss, the Florentines, the Sienese, the Grisons, and
Lucca. The war with France is to be carried on by him and
the King of England without any succour from the Italians ;
whilst, on the other hand, the King of England and the Swiss
are not to be asked to contribute either money or troops for
the war with Venice.
Vich and Brizeño wrote to him, on the 20th of August,
saying that the Pope, at the instance of the Cardinal of Gurk,
had already committed to writing the articles of the treaty of
alliance. He is to see that it be soon signed, and the contributions
of every member of it plainly stated.
Is ready to pay the men-at-arms. The Pope is expected to
contribute at least 10,000 ducats a month, which are to be
employed to pay the infantry. In order to induce the Pope
to conclude this treaty, he can promise him that he (King
Ferdinand) will pay, besides the men-at-arms, 10,000 ducats a
month during three months, as an extraordinary aid to the
pay of the infantry. Sends him 30,000 gold ducats. He can
also promise the Pope that he shall have Modena and
Reggio, and the duchy of Ferrara, as the present Duke of
Ferrara can never be trusted. Brescia and other places which
will be conquered from the Venetians are to be given to the
Prince, his son. (fn. 1) These stipulations had better be made in a
separate and secret treaty with the Pope.
Details concerning France.—No date. No signature.
Indorsed : "Viceroy of Naples."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 10.
S. E. Cor. d. Cast.
L. l. f. 407.
129. Gabriel De Orti, alias Horti.
Was sent by King Ferdinand the Catholic to the Emperor
and the King of England. He left Valladolid on the 7th of September
1513. His salary was one ducat a day. He returned
to the Catholic King on the 10th of April 1514.
Spanish. Original book of accounts. p. ½.
|7 Sept. (?)
S. E. Pat. Re.
T. c. I. L. 2.
130. King Ferdinand The Catholic to his Ambassadors at
the Imperial Court and at the Court of the King
Of England, and to Gabriel Orti, his Chaplain, or
to any one of them.
They are to tell the King of England that he loves him most
sincerely, and is earnestly bent on furthering his prosperity.
It is exceedingly deplorable that the King of England should
think he had concluded the truce with France last April
because he wished to disarm, or from any similar motive.
The truth is, there were many reasons which had forced
him to act as he did. The most weighty of them was his severe
illness. Being so near the grave as he was, and the heir of
the crown being absent from his kingdoms, it would have
been a great misfortune to have left his dominions implicated
in a foreign war at his death. As the whole world is, in
this respect, only of one opinion, the King of England, his
son, will easily understand that he could not have acted
otherwise. Hearing, however, that the French tell a very
different story respecting the truce which has been concluded,
he begs the King of England to place more faith in the deeds
of his friend than in the words of his enemy. Had it been
his intention to conclude peace with France for himself alone,
as the French pretend that it was, he would not have
refused to see or to treat with the French ambassadors, when
such personages were sent to him as Monsieur de Lautrec, (fn. 2) the
President of Toulouse, and Maitre Etienne Petit. They had
written to him, saying that they had full powers to conclude a
definitive peace. Notwithstanding their promises, he did not
enter into negotiations with them, or permit any of his
subjects to treat with the French ambassadors. On the contrary,
he told the courier who brought the letter of the
French ambassadors, that he could not treat with the King
of France, except conjointly with all his allies. If it had
been his intention to conclude a separate peace with France
he would not have taken Genoa from the French, or carried
on a war with them in other parts of Italy, which war still
After his refusal to see the French ambassadors, the Queen
of France wrote to him and promised that the King, her
husband, would give satisfaction to all the allies, so that a
general peace might be honourably concluded. She then asked
him to tell her in what way satisfaction must be given to his
confederates. Did not believe what the Queen of France
wrote to him. In order, however, not to appear as if he
did not like to hear proposals of peace, he sent his secretary,
Quintana, to France, who was instructed to ask the Queen in
what manner the King intended to give full satisfaction to all
the confederates, and to each one of them. Every possible
means were employed by the French to persuade Quintana to
conclude a separate peace in his name and in the name of the
Queen of Castile, his daughter. The French made very tempting
offers to him, and said that the earlier he signed a separate
treaty of friendship and alliance with the King of France the
more liberal would be the concessions of France. The French refused
nothing that he could desire for his own part. Would
certainly have accepted the offers of the King of France had
he not been so true an ally of the Emperor and the King of
England, his son. Instead of accepting the offers made him, he
sent orders to Quintana to return immediately to Spain. After
his ambassador had returned, the King and Queen of France
left it entirely to him to conclude peace on whatever terms
he liked. (fn. 3) Rejected this proposal also, well knowing that the
intention of the King of France was, according to his custom,
to sow discord and suspicion between him and his confederates.
The French are fully aware that they can do nothing if he,
the Emperor, and the King of England are sincere allies. It
is their interest to break up their alliance. But the King of
England ought not to distrust his best friend, brother, and
father. In consequence of the truce, has not been at liberty
hitherto to make war on the French on this side the mountains
of Italy, except in Bearn. But is no longer bound by
the truce, as it has been broken by the French, who have
captured Spanish merchant vessels at sea, pretending that
they were at war with Castile. Such being the case, he
wishes to come to an understanding with the King of England
respecting the conquest of Guienne. The sooner this understanding
is effected the better it will be, since he wants time
to make such preparations for the war that the good success
of the enterprise, with the assistance of God, shall be beyond
doubt. The King of England may determine whether the
expedition is to be undertaken either at once, or next spring,
but he must give a definitive answer without delay. They
(the ambassadors) must do all they possibly can to attain two
objects ; firstly, to make the King of England believe, which
is true, that he (King Ferdinand) will never make peace with
France without the knowledge and consent of his allies. In
peace or war, he, the Emperor, the Prince, (fn. 4) and the King of
England ought always to be united. Secondly they must
persuade the King of England not to doubt that he will
do all in his power to assist him in his enterprise, provided
that it is well prepared.
Has learnt by letters from Rome that the King of France is
making great efforts to gain the Pope over to his party. He
promises "to do wonders" for the Pope, offering to marry the
brother of the Holy Father to a niece of his, to give him
an estate in France, to procure for him territories in Italy, and
many other things, all of which are prejudicial to the members
of the league. He says that the confederates are continually
asking for money and other assistance from the Pope, whilst he
is determined not only to ask nothing, but even to give money
to the Pope. Believes the Pope is their true ally, but knows
that he is timid by nature and a friend of peace. Besides,
the Pope suspects that the King of England wishes to conclude
a separate peace with France. The consequence is
that the Pope does not declare himself openly in favour of
the allies. Wishes the Emperor and the King of England
immediately to send ambassadors to Rome. The English
and Imperial Ambassadors should assure the Pope that his
suspicion is unfounded, and should try to persuade him to
declare himself openly against the common enemy, and to
proceed against him by force of arms as well as by spiritual
censures. If the Emperor and the King of England do not
immediately send their ambassadors, the Pope might perhaps
espouse the cause of France, to the great prejudice of all the
If at the time when Orti arrives, the armies of the Emperor
and of the King of England are victorious, they are
to see that the war is continued. If, on the other hand,
the armies of the Emperor, of the King of England, and of
the Swiss have not been able to obtain any decisive success
against the French, and if peace with France must be concluded,
in such a case they (the ambassadors of King Ferdinand)
are to do all in their power to have the peace concluded
in the following manner. The Emperor, the Queen
of Castile, the King of England, he (King Ferdinand), and
the Prince (Charles) must be regarded in the treaty as one
party, and the King of France as the other party. If that
is done, and the King of France sees that the allies remain
united, he will not dare to break the peace with respect to
any one of them.
Advises that war should be made upon Venice at the expense
of all the allies, if she is not included in the peace
which will be made with France. Should the King of France
bind himself to assist the Emperor in the war with Venice,
it would be desirable that the assistance should be given in
money. If, for instance, the King of France should put
himself under an obligation to aid the Emperor with 1,000
men-at-arms and 8,000 foot, it would be well to stipulate in
the treaty that not the men, but their equivalent in money,
should be sent. Promises to provide the Emperor with
soldiers on whom he may rely, whilst the French auxiliary
army would be subjected to the orders of the King of France.
The Pope and the Papal States are to be included in the
treaty, in order to preserve the friendship of his Holiness.
France must renounce all her pretensions on the kingdom
of Naples, or any part of it ; otherwise no peace can be concluded
They (the ambassadors of King Ferdinand) must send him
detailed reports concerning their negotiations.—No date.
Indorsed : "Instruction of the Catholic King to his
Ambassadors in England."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 11.
|7 Sept. (?)
S. E. Pat. Re.
T. c. I. L. 6. f. 16.
131. King Ferdinand The Catholic to his Ambassadors
at the Imperial Court and at the Court of the King
Of England, and to Gabriel Orti, his Chaplain, or
to any one of them.
They must speak to the Emperor and Madame Margaret in
the same way as they are to speak to the King of England,
but he does not think it necessary to warn the Emperor
against the calumnies of the French. As his heir and the heir
of the Emperor is one and the same person, so have he and the
Emperor but one object in view, that is to say, to lower the
power of France. If they cannot succeed in doing so, Europe
will never be at peace, the war on the Infidels will never be
zealously undertaken, and their heir will find it very difficult
to defend his extensive dominions against the attacks of the
King of France. If, on the other hand, they succeed, with
the assistance of God, in enfeebling France, peace among the
Christian nations will be secured, the Infidels will be punished,
and their heir will, like Octavian, preserve his kingdom in
peace. The principal end at which the Emperor aims ought
to be, therefore, to lessen the power of France.
Has learnt by experience that the Venetians are enemies of
God and of peace among Christians. As long as they are
prosperous, they will employ their resources to create discord
among Christians, and to menace the security of the Italian
possessions of their common heir. Knows for a certainty
that the Venetians will not become a party to the intended
peace with France. But in order to do the will of God, and
to justify himself to the world, the Emperor ought to give to
the Bishop of Gurk power to conclude peace with Venice also,
on the conditions which Pope Julius proposed. (fn. 5) The Venetians,
as already mentioned, not wishing, however, to conclude
peace, he and the Emperor ought to declare war on them,
and entirely destroy them. (fn. 6) Is fully determined to begin a
destructive war with Venice, in order to please the Emperor
his brother. Has already sent orders to his viceroy (in
Naples) to keep the army ready. Has paid the men-at-arms
and the light cavalry, and will soon send pay for the
infantry. Has, moreover, forbidden the Neapolitans and
Sicilians to sell bread or corn to the Venetians, in order to
starve them, and will, "with the help of God," do other things
which shall be calculated to serve his purpose and that of the
Desires the Emperor to see that the Tyrolese and other
inhabitants of the neighbourhood do not assist Venice.
In order to induce the Pope to espouse their cause openly,
he (King Ferdinand) and the Emperor must find a wife for
the brother of the Pope, and promise him in secret the duchy
of Ferrara. The Pope must be persuaded to send them assistance
in this enterprise. If more cannot be obtained, they
are to content themselves with 10,000 ducats a month, such
men-at-arms as the Pope can dispose of, and the excommunication
of the Venetians.
The Duke of Milan, together with Florence and Siena, must
likewise be persuaded to assist them.
Wishes, without delay, to conclude a new league against
Venice with the Pope, the Emperor, the King of England, the
Duke of Milan, Florence, Siena, Genoa, and the Swiss. The
duties which every member of the league is expected to fulfil
must be at once defined. The Pope must bind himself to
excommunicate Venice. When all that is done, he hopes the
enterprise will succeed, "with the help of God."
The Emperor and he (King Ferdinand) ought immediately
to tell the Pope and their other friends in Italy that they,
conjointly with the King of England, will take upon themselves
the war with France, if the Italians will assist them
with money in their enterprise against Venice. The Italians
cannot but see that this enterprise is to their advantage, as
the Venetians have constantly introduced the French into
Italy, and have never ceased to disturb the public peace.
The inhabitants of the territories which have been taken
from Venice are very ill satisfied with the present state of
things, because they do not know what is to become of them
in future. It would be well to inform them at once that the
territories in question are to be henceforth the property of the
Prince, their son and heir. If that were done, a satisfactory
state of things and a regular government might be established
in those territories. It is clear that they would be lost if
the Imperial and Spanish armies were to leave them. Therefore,
it is only just that the said territories should pay the
expenses of the troops quartered in them. The Emperor on a
former occasion offered him the government and the administration
of the territories in the name of the Prince their
son. It is to be hoped that he will repeat this offer. They
must do all in their power to persuade the Emperor to do
this, but in such a way that the Emperor may think he is
doing it unasked.
The personal advantages offered to the Pope and to his
family are not sufficiently great to ensure his active assistance.
The Emperor must, therefore, conjointly with the King of
England, send ambassadors to Rome, and solemnly promise
the Pope never to make peace with France without the consent
of his Holiness. In a word, all kinds of promises ought to be
made, and all kinds of means employed, in order to persuade
the Pope to form the league and to excommunicate Venice.
"After having negotiated all the other above mentioned
subjects, you are to tell the Emperor my brother that, in
order that God may assist us in our enterprises, he and I
must promise and make a vow to God our Lord that we
will, after the conclusion of our present undertaking, wage
war upon the Infidels and enemies of our faith." Is fully
resolved to do so, and thinks it would be well to mention
something respecting this promise to God in the treaty of
confederation which is to be concluded.
The Pope appears to be afraid lest the King of France should
once more return to Italy, and this fear seems to render him
inclined to forgive the King of France all his bad services,
if he only renounces his adhesion to the mock council, and
adheres to the council of the Lateran. If that were the case,
both enterprises (fn. 7) would appear less justifiable, and he and the
Emperor would be deprived of a plausible pretext for confiscating
the territories which they intend to conquer. Therefore,
the Emperor and the King of England ought to do all in their
power to persuade the Pope not to forgive the great sins committed
by the King of France in creating a schism in the
Christian Church. He should, at least, not be forgiven, except
in the presence and with the consent of all the confederates,
and after having done penance.
They must see that all the measures respecting Italy be
very diligently carried out, and that no time be lost.—No
date. No signature.
Indorsed : "Instructions to you, our ambassadors, who
reside at the courts of the most serene Emperor, of
the King of England, our brother, and of the Prince
our son ; and to you Gabriel Horti, our chaplain ; or
to those of you who are present at the courts of the
"What the said ambassadors are ordered to say to the Emperor
and Madame Margaret, in consequence of the
credentials which he (Gabriel Orti) takes with him."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 10.
S. E. Pat. Re.
Cap. c. Pont.
L. l. f. 28.
132. King Ferdinand The Catholic to the Cardinal Of
Sorrento (fn. 8) , to Hieronymo De Vich, his Ambassador
in Rome, to Christoval De Brizeño, and Anton
The Pope has sent to tell him that he regards all favours
shown to his brother, Giuliano de Medicis, as though they were
granted to himself. His Holiness has further asked him to
give his brother a wife belonging to his (King Ferdinand's)
family and an estate on which he can live.
It has been, and always will be, his desire to make the
pontificate of the present Pope the most glorious of any pontificate
since the time of St. Peter the Apostle. Loves the
whole family of Medicis, and is a friend, not in word but in
deed. Identifies his interests so entirely with those of the
Pope that it would not be an exaggeration to say that his
Holiness and he have only one soul dwelling in two bodies.
His intention is to marry the daughter of the Duchess of
Milan, his niece, to Giuliano de Medicis. Has written to
the Queen, his sister, (fn. 9) and has asked her to go to the Duchess
of Milan and to concert the match. The task is difficult ;
for the Duchess has informed him that she wishes to marry
her daughter to the Infante Ferdinand, or to the present
Duke of Milan. She has also asked the Emperor to marry
If the Pope wishes to marry his brother without delay,
he would propose to give Doña [blank], legitimate daughter
of the Duke of Cardona, as wife to Giuliano de Medicis. She
is his first cousin, and he loves her much.
Is ready to give Giuliano de Medicis the estates of the
Duke of Urbino in the kingdom of Naples, which have been
confiscated on account of the crime of lœsœ Maiestatis of
which the Duke has been found guilty. Will ask the Emperor
to give Giuliano de Medicis Modena and Rezo (fn. 10) , and
the Pope can invest him with the duchy of Ferrara. Begs the
Pope to keep this plan secret, especially in so far as regards
Ferrara. If the Duke of Ferrara were to hear of it, he would
enter into an alliance with Venice.
The Pope advises him to send an ambassador to the Emperor
and another to the King of England. If the war
with France continues prosperous and promises to produce
good results, the ambassadors ought, according to the opinion
of the Pope, to animate the Emperor, and the King of
England, and to promise them succour. If, on the contrary,
the war is not successful, and does not promise to lead to a
favourable result, the ambassadors ought to conclude a
general peace. His Holiness is afraid lest the King of England
should make a separate peace with France, without even
informing the Holy Father and him (King Ferdinand) of it.
The Pope says he will also send nuncios to the Emperor and
the King of England for the same purpose.
They are to tell the Pope, in reply to his demands, that he
approves of his proposals. Has his ordinary ambassadors residing
at the courts of the Emperor and the King of England. As
soon, however, as he was informed by Anton Seron of the
wishes of the Pope, he sent an ambassador extraordinary to
the Emperor and to the King of England. Instructed him to
animate and to persuade the Emperor and the King of England
to continue war with France. As the French had broken their
engagements to him on the seas, he was at liberty to offer the
Emperor and England his assistance. Told his ambassador not
to utter a single word about peace. The English are successful
in their enterprise on France. To speak of peace would be
tantamount to losing all the advantages which have been obtained.
His ambassadors are instructed to see that the King of
England entrusts to the Pope the power of making a general
peace, including all the allies, if he is obliged to make peace
at all. The Spanish ambassadors are to confer together secretly,
and to arrange their measures with the nuncios whom the
Pope intends to despatch.
The Pope has sent to inform him of his opinion that either
all the allies must make a general peace, or that all must
combine their efforts and make war upon one single state, (fn. 11)
in order to be more certain of victory. His reply to the Pope
is that his Holiness well knows that France cannot be relied
upon, and that it is, therefore, necessary first to lower her
pride and weaken her power. His answer to the proposal
of the Pope, that all Christian Princes ought to undertake
war "with one state only," is that such a thing would be
possible if the Venetians were reconciled with the Emperor.
But as the Venetians reject all reasonable offers, it is necessary
to carry on war with Venice and war with France at the
same time. The Republic must be deprived of all her territories
on the mainland. The manner in which the measure
may be carried out is the following. The Emperor, the King
of England, and he (King Ferdinand) should take upon themselves
the enterprise against France. Would not require any
other assistance from the Pope than such as he could render
by publishing censures, &c. The Italian states should at the
same time form an alliance against Venice. The allies would
have to pay the expenses of his army, and he would bind
himself to conquer all the possessions of the Republic on the
The Pope and the other Italians would not like the Venetian
territories which will be conquered to pass into the
hands of the Emperor. The Emperor and he have, therefore,
decided upon giving the Venetian territories to the Infante
Ferdinand, who would, by that very fact, become an Italian
prince, and whose interests would induce him to defend the
Duke of Milan, his cousin, and the other Italian states.
Begs the Pope to bring about a league against France
without delay. The members of the league are to be the
Pope, the Emperor, the King of England, he (King Ferdinand),
the Duke of Milan, the Swiss, Florence, Siena, Genoa, and
Lucca. Is exceedingly glad to hear that the Pope, at the
instance of Monseigneur de Gurk, has already ordered the
articles of the league to be drawn up. Is contented that the
allies should pay him only his expenses for the infantry. The
Pope must publish the same censures against France and
Venice which Pope Julius pronounced against the abettors
of the schism. He is even bound to do so.
The Italian league will be of great advantage to the Emperor
and to the King of England, and will induce them to
continue the war with France. The Pope, by concluding the
league, will render them so great a service that they will
never make a separate peace with the King of France. When
the time for making peace arrives, they will ask the Pope to
conclude a general peace of the whole of Christendom. The
war with the Infidels could then be undertaken.
If the Pope were to conclude an alliance against France,
the Emperor would not then oppose his plans of taking Ferrara
for himself, and would carry out his wishes with respect to
Modena and Reggio. Besides the Emperor, he (King Ferdinand),
and the Prince (Charles) would always be the friends and
protectors of Giuliano de Medicis and his whole family. In
order to induce God (fn. 12) to give the allies the victory, it would
be advisable that an article should be inserted in the treaty
of the league by which the allies will bind themselves to
make war on the Infidels as soon as peace is restored to
They must try to persuade the Pope at once to sign the
treaty of the league, and to pay him (King Ferdinand) at
least 10,000 ducats a month. The other Italian allies must
likewise pay something.
A secret treaty between the Pope, the Emperor, and him
(King Ferdinand) ought to be signed directly. The affairs
which regard them personally can be settled in a separate
and secret treaty better than in the general treaty of
If it is necessary to give some portions of the Venetian
territories to the other allies, they may promise them a
few of the smaller towns.
Would be glad if the peace between the Emperor and the
Venetians could be obtained on any conditions, but knows
that the Venetians are resolved not to make peace with the
Emperor, except on condition that all the cities, towns, &c.
which they formerly possessed shall be given back to them.
If the Pope is too partial to the Venetians, the Emperor, it
is to be feared, may do some rash act with respect to France
and other affairs. His ambassador at Venice, Count Cariati,
has written to him, saying that the nuncio at Venice is a
great friend of the Venetians. Begs the Pope not to allow
his subjects to take service in the Venetian army.
In another letter has given his opinion about the Cardinal
of Santa Croce and the Bishop of Marseilles, who is
the ambassador of the King of France.
The utmost he can do with respect to the see of Burgos,
which the Cardinal of Gurk has asked for, is to give the Cardinal
another preferment, with a revenue of 6,000 ducats,
if he voluntarily renounces his claims on the see of Burgos.
Has sent his viceroy an order not to withdraw his
troops from the Venetian territories on any condition, or
to discontinue war before peace with Venice is concluded.
Hopes the Pope will easily be induced to make peace between
the Emperor and the Republic, as he will gain most by it,
and the Emperor, the King of England, and he (King Ferdinand)
will the more vigorously carry on the war with
France the more clearly they see that the Pope will help them.
Wishes that the Florentines should not continue their war
He is to concert all his measures with the Viceroy of
Naples.—No date. No signature.
At the head of the document is written : "By the King.
What you, the very reverend Cardinal of Sorrento
and Don Hieronymo de Vich, my ambassador and
privy councillor, and Christoval de Brizeño are to say
in my name to the Holy Father, in answer to what
he has sent to tell me by Anton de Seron. You,
Anton de Seron, are to act conjointly with them."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 22.
S. E. Pat. Re.
Cap. c. Pont.
L. 1. f. 24.
133. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Armengol, his Envoy
to the Cardinal of San Angelo. (fn. 13)
He is to speak to the Cardinal of San Angelo as follows.
Is contented with the manner in which he (the Cardinal)
treats his (King Ferdinand's) affairs, and those of the Emperor.
It is his intention to repay him largely for his services. (fn. 14)
Has never written anything to Madame Margaret that
could be prejudicial to the interests of the Cardinal.
Has sent instructions respecting Venice to his viceroy.
Orders his viceroy and his ambassador to confer with the
Cardinal on the measures to be taken.
Has not the least objection that the Cardinal should take
the cardinal's hat.
If the King of England, who has already obtained one
victory over the French, continues to be victorious, the Pope
must do all in his power in order that the enterprise against
Venice may be carried out. All the possessions of Venice
on the mainland must be wrested from them. Nevertheless,
the Pope would do well not to break off all negotiations
with Venice. He must only postpone the definitive conclusion
of them. For, if the English should not be able to prevent
the King of France from returning to his plans on Italy, it
would be a great advantage if the Pope were in a position to
persuade the Venetians to enter the general league against
The Cardinal is of opinion that it will be advisable at once
to divide the inheritance between the two brothers (Prince
Charles and the Infante Ferdinand), and to proclaim each
Prince in the states to which he is to succeed. Approves of
this idea. But the dominions of Castile and Aragon must
remain united for ever, that is to say, the whole of Spain,
Navarra, Naples, Sicily, the Majorcas and Iviza, must remain
intact. They are to form the inheritance of the
Prince (Charles). The Prince is likewise to succeed the Emperor
on the Imperial throne. Hopes to live long enough to
carry out his plan of conquering the empire of Constantinople,
and of placing both imperial crowns, those of the Occident
and of the Orient, on the head of his heir. It is natural that
the firstborn of the two brothers should be the heir to such
vast dominions and to so much greatness. (fn. 15)
The Cardinal wishes to know his intentions respecting
the territories which are to be conquered from the Venetians.
These territories are to be the inheritance of the
Infante (Ferdinand). The Emperor ought also to give him
the county of the Tyrol. As the Tyrol borders on Venetia,
those countries, if united, would form a state which would be
strong enough to assist the Emperor in Germany and in Italy.
The Emperor may choose the title which the Infante is to
assume. As far as the government of the Venetian territories
is concerned, he thinks it would be best that his (King
Ferdinand's) viceroy should govern the Venetian territories
in the name of the Infante. His viceroy is already captaingeneral
of the armies in those parts of Italy, and it would be
inconvenient to invest one person with the supreme command
of the troops and another with the civil administration.
The Cardinal desires to be informed about his opinion
whether it would be best to offer peace to France, or to
undertake war with her. Thinks that the French will never
keep peace until they are humbled and weakened. The King
of England has already been victorious. Has sent to the
King of England and asked him to continue the war with
vigour, promising that he will likewise declare war with
France. Hopes that both enterprises (fn. 16) will be successful. Is
perfectly justified in making war on France, as the French
have broken their promises to him. Begs the Cardinal to do
what he can to aid both enterprises.
Is and will always be the most sincere ally of the Emperor.
Approves of the marriage of the Infanta Maria with the
Prince of Hungary. Is of opinion that it would not be
convenient to give Hungary to the Infante (Ferdinand). In
order, however, not to offend the King of Hungary, the
Emperor would do well to put into the hands of a trustworthy
person the negotiations of the marriage of the Infante with
the daughter of the King of Hungary, who must not know
that these negotiations are only a pretence.
Approves of the proposed marriage between the Infanta
Isabella and the King of Poland, as it will secure the friendship
of the King of Poland and of the Duke of Saxony, which
is of great importance as regards the preservation of peace in
Germany and Flanders.—Valladolid, the 22nd of September
Indorsed : "Instruction of the Catholic King to Armengol,
his servant, respecting what he is to say to the Cardinal
of San Angelo concering the affairs of Germany,
France, England, and Venice."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 8.
S. E. Pat. Re.
Cap. c. Pont. L. 1.
134. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Micer Armengol,
his Envoy to Rome.
This document is in all essential parts the same as the
S. E. Pat. Re.
Cap. c. Pont. L. 1.
135. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Hieronymo De
Vich, his Ambassador in Rome.
Begs the Pope to give him the act of investiture of Naples.
Wishes to have another bull of excommunication of the
late King and Queen of Navarra.
[As for the rest, this despatch is a repetition of the
preceding letter to the Cardinal of Sorrento, Hieronymo de
Vich, Christoval Brizeño, and Anton de Seron.]