Spain
July 1514

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Institute of Historical Research

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G. A. Bergenroth (editor)

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1866

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224-228

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'Spain: July 1514', Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 2: 1509-1525 (1866), pp. 224-228. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=93630 Date accessed: 19 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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July 1514

July (?)
S. E. Var. L. 1554. f. 7.
176. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Fray Francisco Ximenes De Cisneros, Cardinal Of Spain.
The state of politics in Milan is deplorable. The Swiss, under the pretext of defending Milan against the French, are trying to make themselves masters of that duchy.
The King of France is still desirous to bring the pending negotiations to a satisfactory conclusion.
The King of England has not concluded anything yet with France. The Pope sent the Bishop of Tricarico to England, with instructions to reconcile the King of England with the King of France ; but the Bishop has returned to France without having obtained anything from the English. The Bishop is very much dissatisfied with the uncivil treatment he met with in England.—No date. No signature.
[The following note is written on the back of the document :—]
"I received from his Honour in Medina 162 reals, on Wednesday, the 19th of July." (fn. 1)
"I received from [paper gone] on Monday, the 24th of July, at Tordesillas, 120½ reals." (fn. 1)
Spanish. Draft. pp. 2.
July (?)
S. E. I. L. 806. f. 12.
177. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Luis Caroz De Villaragut, his Ambassador in England.
On the 3rd answered all his letters up to that of the 10th of June. Received afterwards his letter of the 21st of June, by which he learns that the Imperial ambassadors who have to procure the ratification by the King of England of the truce with France have arrived in England. Has likewise read in his letter that the King of England wished to see the articles of that truce, and that the ambassadors of the Emperor were unable to show them, because they had not got them.
Thinks it was great negligence on the part of the Imperial ambassadors to have gone to England without taking with them a copy of the truce. It was very natural that the King of England should refuse to ratify a treaty without first seeing it.
Sends him a copy of the truce, and orders him to show it, conjointly with the Imperial ambassadors, to the King of England. He is to tell the King of England that, as a good brother of the Emperor and of him (King Ferdinand), he ought to ratify the truce which they have been forced to conclude in order to preserve their Italian states, which were in notorious and imminent danger. It is clear that he and the Emperor would ratify the truce if the King of England had concluded it under similar circumstances. The Emperor, the King of England, and he (King Ferdinand) have always the same interests. Begs the King of England to do him and the Emperor the favour to ratify the truce which they were obliged to conclude.
He is henceforth to write longer letters, and to inform him very minutely how the negotiations between England and France are going on ; whether the ambassadors of the Emperor have been successful in persuading the King of England to ratify the truce ; what the King of England thinks about the consummation of the marriage between the Prince (Charles) and the Princess Mary ; whether it is true or not that Madame Margaret is to marry Monsieur de Lille, and all other news.— No date. No signature.
Indorsed : "Don Luis Caroz."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 3.
9 July.
P. A. D. 1'E. Sec. Hist. K. K. 349.
178. Treaty between King Louis Of France and King Henry VIII. Of England.
The King of France binds himself to pay the King of England 1,000,000 gold crowns "boni auri et iusti ponderis," by instalments of 50,000 francs or 26,315 crowns, due on the 1st of November and on the 1st of May of every year, until the whole 1,000,000 crowns are paid. The payments are to be made in the town of Calais.—St. Germain en Laye, the 9th of July 1514.
Latin. Authenticated copy. pp. 6.
24 July.
P. A. d. E. Mon. Hist. K. 1482. No. 36.
179. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Fray Bernardo De Mesa, Bishop Of Tripoli. (fn. 2)
Has had great pleasure in reading his letter of the 16th of July. Wishes to be always well informed of the state in which the negotiations between France and England are, and whether a truce or a peace is likely to be concluded. He is to tell the King of France that there is no doubt the treaty of peace between France on the one part, and Spain and the Emperor on the other part, will soon be concluded, together with the marriage between Madame Renée and the Archduke. The ambassador whom the Emperor has sent to Spain on this mission has already arrived at Figueras, a place between Perpignan and Gerona. He will soon reach Valladolid, where Gabriel Orti is likewise expected, with full power from the Emperor to conclude the treaty.
The Pope and other princes are trying to prevent the conclusion of peace between Spain and France, but they will not succeed in doing so. The consequence of the peace will be the universal pacification of Christendom, which will afford them an opportunity of undertaking a thorough reformation of the Church.
Expects, with impatience, news concerning the negotiations between England and France. This courier goes for no other purpose than to bring him tidings.
Begs him to write to Juan de Lanuza, Spanish ambassador at the court of Madame Margaret, asking him to employ the good offices of that lady with the Emperor.
The French vessels which have been captured by Spaniards will be given back to their proprietors. French subjects are treated in Spain on the same footing as Spanish subjects.
Has been informed by his last letter that English subjects and a Spaniard who styled himself Captain of the English have captured two French vessels. Had he known this fact before, he would already have done justice, and punished those who have taken part in this transgression of the law. Will see that full satisfaction be given to the French. No armed vessels shall henceforth be permitted to leave Spanish ports with the intention of molesting the commerce of France.
Given at Medina del Campo, the 24th of July 1514.
Indorsed : "To the Bishop of Tripoli."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 7.
End of July or beg. of Aug.
S. E. A. L. 635. f. 13.
180. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Pedro De Urea, his Ambassador at the Imperial Court.
Has sent him four couriers and messengers since the 21st of May, and informed him how urgently necessary it was that he and the Emperor should, without any delay, conclude peace with France, and consent to the marriages which were proposed to them. Has since then written to him by the last courier, Pedro del Campo, who left on the 3rd of July, and told him to do his utmost to persuade the Emperor to send him, notwithstanding the power given to his ambassador to conclude the peace and the marriages, another power, authorizing him (King Ferdinand) to conclude the treaty in whatever manner he thinks expedient. Promises to take care that the conditions shall be as favourable to the Emperor as possible. The matter is so urgent that the Emperor and he might suffer serious losses if the Imperial ambassador should think it necessary to ask further instructions from him (the Emperor), and thereby lose time. Waits with such impatience for the answer of the Emperor that every hour seems to him a year. If he has not obtained the desired power from the Emperor when he receives this letter, he must see that it be immediately given, and send it by a flying courier.
He is to tell the Emperor that he has received letters from the Bishop of Tripoli, dated the 16th of July, by which he is informed that the King of France still perseveres in his desire to conclude peace with them (King Ferdinand and the Emperor). The King of France is, however, very impatient at the delay, because he is also carrying on negotiations with the King of England, the Pope, and the Swiss. These other negotiations cannot remain longer in suspense. If the Emperor and he any longer delay the conclusion of the treaty with France, the King of France will make a separate peace with England.
In the treaty which France is negotiating with England it is stipulated that the King of France is to marry the sister of the King of England. The King of France is already beginning to complain. He says he would long ago have concluded his treaties with England, the Pope, and the Swiss, had he not been put off and repeatedly told that the treaty with Spain and the Emperor would soon be concluded. The prejudice he and the Emperor would suffer, if the King of France were to conclude peace with England, the Pope, and the Swiss, is so manifest that "a blind man must see it."
Has learnt, by letters from his ambassador at Milan of the 8th of July, that the two ambassadors whom the King of England has sent to the Swiss have succeeded in forming a league with them, in which the Pope, the Duke of Milan, and the Venetians are included. He even wishes that the King of France should be a member of that league, the object of which is to drive him (King Ferdinand) and the Emperor out of Italy. The members of the league think that it will be easy afterwards to get rid of the French.
His ambassador at Milan tells him further that Milan is very badly governed. The Duke delivers to the Swiss all the fortresses which they ask for. Two thousand disbanded Swiss have lately gone to Milan. It is said that their intention is to bring Milan by slow degrees into their power. Others pretend that they intend to change the government of Genoa.
The Cardinal of Sion and the Swiss are trying to persuade the Duke of Milan to take 8,000 Swiss into his service. They say that the King of France intends to invade Italy. But as the French do not even think of invading Italy, it is clear that the Swiss, under colour of defending the Duke of Milan, wish to get him into their power.
He is to tell the Emperor that it would be a great misfortune for them, if the Swiss were really to render themselves masters of Milan. If Milan were in the power of the Swiss, the Emperor and he would hardly be able to execute their plans on that duchy. Even their enterprise on Venice would be rendered difficult ; for it is clear that, if the Swiss were masters of Milan, they would enter into an alliance with the Venetians. The result of such an alliance might be very injurious to him and to the Emperor, and might deprive them and their heirs of their Italian states.
The Emperor ought, without loss of time, to write a courteous letter to the Swiss, and beg them not to forsake or injure the Duke of Milan, who has always fulfilled his obligations towards them. The Emperor must tell them that, if they go in great numbers to Milan, they will ruin that duchy. He must not, however, let the Swiss see that he suspects them, or betray to them their (the Emperor's and King Ferdinand's) plans on Milan. The Emperor is to tell the Swiss that he loves the Duke of Milan like his own son.
A speedy conclusion of the treaty with France is the only remedy against the dangers which threaten them from all sides. He is to procure the consent of the Emperor, and to write by a flying courier.—No date. No signature.
Spanish. Draft. pp. 7.

Footnotes

1 The year in which the 19th of July fell on a Wednesday, and the 24th of July on a Monday, is the year 1514. As this note seems to be contemporary with the document, its date is probably July 1514.
2 Tripoli, or Trinopolis, now Drin, or Drinovar, a city in Illyria, is situated on the banks of the river Drin.


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