S. E. Var. L. 1554.
176. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Fray Francisco
Ximenes De Cisneros, Cardinal Of Spain.
The state of politics in Milan is deplorable. The Swiss,
under the pretext of defending Milan against the French, are
trying to make themselves masters of that duchy.
The King of France is still desirous to bring the pending
negotiations to a satisfactory conclusion.
The King of England has not concluded anything yet with
France. The Pope sent the Bishop of Tricarico to England,
with instructions to reconcile the King of England with the
King of France ; but the Bishop has returned to France without
having obtained anything from the English. The Bishop
is very much dissatisfied with the uncivil treatment he met
with in England.—No date. No signature.
[The following note is written on the back of the document :—]
"I received from his Honour in Medina 162 reals, on Wednesday,
the 19th of July." (fn. 1)
"I received from [paper gone] on Monday, the 24th of
July, at Tordesillas, 120½ reals." (fn. 1)
Spanish. Draft. pp. 2.
S. E. I. L. 806.
177. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Luis Caroz De
Villaragut, his Ambassador in England.
On the 3rd answered all his letters up to that of the 10th
of June. Received afterwards his letter of the 21st of June,
by which he learns that the Imperial ambassadors who have
to procure the ratification by the King of England of the
truce with France have arrived in England. Has likewise
read in his letter that the King of England wished to see the
articles of that truce, and that the ambassadors of the Emperor
were unable to show them, because they had not got
Thinks it was great negligence on the part of the Imperial
ambassadors to have gone to England without taking with
them a copy of the truce. It was very natural that the King of
England should refuse to ratify a treaty without first seeing it.
Sends him a copy of the truce, and orders him to show it,
conjointly with the Imperial ambassadors, to the King of
England. He is to tell the King of England that, as a good
brother of the Emperor and of him (King Ferdinand), he
ought to ratify the truce which they have been forced to conclude
in order to preserve their Italian states, which were in
notorious and imminent danger. It is clear that he and the
Emperor would ratify the truce if the King of England had
concluded it under similar circumstances. The Emperor, the
King of England, and he (King Ferdinand) have always the
same interests. Begs the King of England to do him and
the Emperor the favour to ratify the truce which they were
obliged to conclude.
He is henceforth to write longer letters, and to inform him
very minutely how the negotiations between England and
France are going on ; whether the ambassadors of the Emperor
have been successful in persuading the King of England to
ratify the truce ; what the King of England thinks about the
consummation of the marriage between the Prince (Charles)
and the Princess Mary ; whether it is true or not that Madame
Margaret is to marry Monsieur de Lille, and all other news.—
No date. No signature.
Indorsed : "Don Luis Caroz."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 3.
P. A. D. 1'E.
Sec. Hist. K. K. 349.
178. Treaty between King Louis Of France and King
Henry VIII. Of England.
The King of France binds himself to pay the King of
England 1,000,000 gold crowns "boni auri et iusti ponderis,"
by instalments of 50,000 francs or 26,315 crowns, due on the
1st of November and on the 1st of May of every year, until
the whole 1,000,000 crowns are paid. The payments are to
be made in the town of Calais.—St. Germain en Laye, the
9th of July 1514.
Latin. Authenticated copy. pp. 6.
P. A. d. E.
Mon. Hist. K. 1482.
179. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Fray Bernardo
De Mesa, Bishop Of Tripoli. (fn. 2)
Has had great pleasure in reading his letter of the 16th of
July. Wishes to be always well informed of the state in
which the negotiations between France and England are, and
whether a truce or a peace is likely to be concluded. He is
to tell the King of France that there is no doubt the treaty
of peace between France on the one part, and Spain and the
Emperor on the other part, will soon be concluded, together
with the marriage between Madame Renée and the Archduke.
The ambassador whom the Emperor has sent to Spain on this
mission has already arrived at Figueras, a place between
Perpignan and Gerona. He will soon reach Valladolid, where
Gabriel Orti is likewise expected, with full power from the
Emperor to conclude the treaty.
The Pope and other princes are trying to prevent the conclusion
of peace between Spain and France, but they will not
succeed in doing so. The consequence of the peace will be
the universal pacification of Christendom, which will afford
them an opportunity of undertaking a thorough reformation
of the Church.
Expects, with impatience, news concerning the negotiations
between England and France. This courier goes for no other
purpose than to bring him tidings.
Begs him to write to Juan de Lanuza, Spanish ambassador
at the court of Madame Margaret, asking him to employ the
good offices of that lady with the Emperor.
The French vessels which have been captured by Spaniards
will be given back to their proprietors. French subjects are
treated in Spain on the same footing as Spanish subjects.
Has been informed by his last letter that English subjects
and a Spaniard who styled himself Captain of the English
have captured two French vessels. Had he known this fact
before, he would already have done justice, and punished
those who have taken part in this transgression of the law.
Will see that full satisfaction be given to the French. No
armed vessels shall henceforth be permitted to leave Spanish
ports with the intention of molesting the commerce of France.
Given at Medina del Campo, the 24th of July 1514.
Indorsed : "To the Bishop of Tripoli."
Spanish. Draft. pp. 7.
|End of July
or beg. of Aug.
S. E. A. L. 635.
180. King Ferdinand The Catholic to Pedro De Urea,
his Ambassador at the Imperial Court.
Has sent him four couriers and messengers since the 21st
of May, and informed him how urgently necessary it was
that he and the Emperor should, without any delay,
conclude peace with France, and consent to the marriages
which were proposed to them. Has since then written to
him by the last courier, Pedro del Campo, who left on the
3rd of July, and told him to do his utmost to persuade
the Emperor to send him, notwithstanding the power given
to his ambassador to conclude the peace and the marriages,
another power, authorizing him (King Ferdinand) to
conclude the treaty in whatever manner he thinks expedient.
Promises to take care that the conditions shall be as
favourable to the Emperor as possible. The matter is so
urgent that the Emperor and he might suffer serious losses
if the Imperial ambassador should think it necessary to ask
further instructions from him (the Emperor), and thereby lose
time. Waits with such impatience for the answer of the
Emperor that every hour seems to him a year. If he has
not obtained the desired power from the Emperor when he
receives this letter, he must see that it be immediately given,
and send it by a flying courier.
He is to tell the Emperor that he has received letters from
the Bishop of Tripoli, dated the 16th of July, by which he is
informed that the King of France still perseveres in his desire
to conclude peace with them (King Ferdinand and the
Emperor). The King of France is, however, very impatient at
the delay, because he is also carrying on negotiations with the
King of England, the Pope, and the Swiss. These other negotiations
cannot remain longer in suspense. If the Emperor
and he any longer delay the conclusion of the treaty with
France, the King of France will make a separate peace with
In the treaty which France is negotiating with England it is
stipulated that the King of France is to marry the sister of the
King of England. The King of France is already beginning to
complain. He says he would long ago have concluded his
treaties with England, the Pope, and the Swiss, had he not
been put off and repeatedly told that the treaty with Spain
and the Emperor would soon be concluded. The prejudice he
and the Emperor would suffer, if the King of France were to
conclude peace with England, the Pope, and the Swiss, is so
manifest that "a blind man must see it."
Has learnt, by letters from his ambassador at Milan of the
8th of July, that the two ambassadors whom the King of
England has sent to the Swiss have succeeded in forming a
league with them, in which the Pope, the Duke of Milan, and
the Venetians are included. He even wishes that the King
of France should be a member of that league, the object of
which is to drive him (King Ferdinand) and the Emperor out
of Italy. The members of the league think that it will be
easy afterwards to get rid of the French.
His ambassador at Milan tells him further that Milan is
very badly governed. The Duke delivers to the Swiss all the
fortresses which they ask for. Two thousand disbanded Swiss
have lately gone to Milan. It is said that their intention is to
bring Milan by slow degrees into their power. Others pretend
that they intend to change the government of Genoa.
The Cardinal of Sion and the Swiss are trying to persuade
the Duke of Milan to take 8,000 Swiss into his service. They
say that the King of France intends to invade Italy. But as
the French do not even think of invading Italy, it is clear
that the Swiss, under colour of defending the Duke of Milan,
wish to get him into their power.
He is to tell the Emperor that it would be a great misfortune
for them, if the Swiss were really to render themselves
masters of Milan. If Milan were in the power of the Swiss,
the Emperor and he would hardly be able to execute their
plans on that duchy. Even their enterprise on Venice would
be rendered difficult ; for it is clear that, if the Swiss were
masters of Milan, they would enter into an alliance with the
Venetians. The result of such an alliance might be very injurious
to him and to the Emperor, and might deprive them
and their heirs of their Italian states.
The Emperor ought, without loss of time, to write a
courteous letter to the Swiss, and beg them not to forsake or
injure the Duke of Milan, who has always fulfilled his obligations
towards them. The Emperor must tell them that, if
they go in great numbers to Milan, they will ruin that duchy.
He must not, however, let the Swiss see that he suspects them,
or betray to them their (the Emperor's and King Ferdinand's)
plans on Milan. The Emperor is to tell the Swiss
that he loves the Duke of Milan like his own son.
A speedy conclusion of the treaty with France is the only
remedy against the dangers which threaten them from all
sides. He is to procure the consent of the Emperor, and to
write by a flying courier.—No date. No signature.
Spanish. Draft. pp. 7.