|Article 3. The kingdom of Castile belongs by right to the
daughters (of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella), one of
whom is the wife of the King of England. The King of
England claims, therefore, that portion of the kingdom of
Castile which is the inheritance of his wife, and orders the
Duke of Suffolk to ask the King of France what his opinion
on this subject is, and what aid he is willing to lend the
King of England, if the King of England should undertake
to conquer such portion of the kingdom of Castile as belongs
to his wife. The King of England instructs the Duke of
Suffolk to concert measures with the King of France by which
the greatest amount of mischief can be done to the King of
Aragon, and orders him to reduce the answer of the King
of France to writing.
The King of France and his Council have told the Duke
of Suffolk that they do not know what claim the King of
England may have on the kingdom of Castile. Not being
acquainted with the customs and laws of Castile, they are
unable to give any opinion on this subject ; but if the King
of England and his Council are persuaded that they have
a right to conquer a portion of Castile, and if they have
made up their mind to drive the King of Aragon out of
Navarra, and to conquer by force of arms a portion or
the whole of the kingdom of Castile, the King of France
promises to assist him as a good brother and friend, without
troubling himself with the question whether the right is on
the side of the King of England or not. The King of
France, however, cannot conceal from the King of England
that if they were to form a numerous army, and then to
conquer Navarra only, they would spend more than the whole
affair is worth. (fn. 1)
If the King of England is nevertheless determined to carry
out his enterprise against the King of Aragon, the King of
France makes him two proposals.
In the first place, he begs him to keep his own intentions
secret, and to draw out the secrets of the ambassadors of the
King of Aragon ; when that is done the King of England
ought to send an ambassador to the King of France, and to
communicate to him all the secret plans of the King of Aragon
without concealing anything from him. The King of France,
on the other hand, promises to send an ambassador to the
King of England, and to tell him, without reserve, all that he
knows about the secret plans and intentions of the King of
Aragon. This is to be done with such secrecy that the
King of Aragon must not suspect what they are intending
to do, and that an open rupture with him may be avoided.
The King of England is to bind himself to refer all his treaties
and arrangements with the King of Aragon to the decision
of the King of France, and the King of France promises to
make his treaties and arrangements with the King of Aragon
dependent on the consent of the King of England. In the
second place, the King of France and the King of England
must bind themselves not to conclude a separate treaty of
peace with the King of Aragon.
The King of France has already, on former occasions, explained
to the late King Henry VII., his claims on the duchy
of Milan, and has shown that the duchy belongs to him by
right of succession and investiture from the Emperor.
The Duke Jehan Galeazzo received the investiture of the
duchy of Milan from the Emperor Wenceslaus, for himself and
his issue, male and female. Jehan Galeazzo had two sons, Jehan
and Philip, and a daughter, Valentine, who was married to
Louis, Duke of Orléans. This Duke of Orléans is the ancestor
of the present King of France. When Madame Valentine
was married to the Duke of Orléans she received the county
of Asti, a great sum of money, and rich jewellry, as her dower.
The son of Louis, Duke of Orléans, and Madame Valentine
was Charles of Orléans, of whom the King of France is the
only male descendant and heir.
After the death of Jehan Galeazzo, his son Jehan Maria
was Duke of Milan, and after Jehan Maria, his second son,
Philip. Their right to the duchy was never contested. Philip
did not leave any legitimate issue, but only a bastard daughter,
who was married to Maria Francesco Sforza.
As all the legitimate male descendants of Jehan Galeazzo
who had received the investiture were dead, Madame Valentine
was, according to the wording of the investiture, entitled
to claim the duchy for herself.
When Madame Valentine was married to the Duke of
Orléans her rights on the duchy of Milan were expressly reserved
to her, and the treaty of marriage was confirmed first
by the Emperor and afterwards by the Pope, who during the
vacancy of the Imperial throne was entitled to exercise the
rights of the Emperor, as is notorious to all. The father of
the present King of France claimed the duchy, but, as France
was involved in other wars, he could not make good his claims.
When the present King of France ascended his throne, he
drove Lodovico Sforza, son of Francesco Sforza, who was
an usurper, out of the duchy of Milan, and took him prisoner.
He died at Loches, in consequence of an illness which he
had contracted before he was taken prisoner. The King of
France always treated him well.
The Emperor has twice given the investiture of Milan to
the present King of France, and has thereby recognized his
Francesco Sforza, who married Blanche, the bastard daughter
of Duke Philip, was Captain of the Venetians, and occupied
Milan by force. He has never been recognized by the Emperor
as Duke of Milan, nor received any investiture.
Lodovico Sforza murdered his nephew, Jehan Galeazzo,
son of Francesco, the first usurper, and robbed him of the
throne. In order to execute his criminal designs, he persuaded
the late King Charles of France to make war on
Alphons, King of Naples.
The King of France has always declared to the King of
England, and declares at present to the Duke of Suffolk, that
he intends to make good his just claims on the duchy of
Milan, begging the King of England to aid him in his enterprise
by lending him the sum of 200,000 écus, which the King
of France promises to repay within one year. The King of
France promises to give good securities for the loan to the
King of England.
As the King of England is so good a friend and ally of
the King of France, and so rich and mighty a prince, the
King of France hopes he will lend him some money where
with to alleviate the burdens of his subjects, and afterwards
advance him a greater sum of money, which is to
be employed in his expedition on Italy. It is the intention
of the King of France to begin that expedition in the month
of March next year.—Paris, the 26th of November 1514.
French. Memoir or draft, written by Florimond Robertet.