Spain
April 1520

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Institute of Historical Research

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G. A. Bergenroth (editor)

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1866

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296-299

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'Spain: April 1520', Calendar of State Papers, Spain, Volume 2: 1509-1525 (1866), pp. 296-299. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=93641 Date accessed: 29 August 2014.


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April 1520

1520. 11 April.
S. E. Leg. Suelt.
274. Treaty between the Emperor Charles V. and Henry VIII., King Of England.
Commissioners on the part of the King of England :
Thomas, Bishop of Durham ;
Cuthbert Tunstal, Vice-Chancellor and Custos Rotulorum ;
Richard Pace, First Secretary ;
Thomas More.
Commissioners on the part of the King of the Romans and Spain, &c., Emperor elect :
Bernard de Mesa, Bishop of Elna ;
Gerard de la Plaine, Seigneur of Maigny and de la Roche ;
Philip Haneton, Treasurer of the Order of the Toison d'Or, First Secretary and Audiencier ;
Jehan de le Sauch, Secretary.
1. The King of the Romans binds himself, on his return from Spain to Flanders, to visit the town of Sandwich, in England, before or on the 15th of May next, except in case he is prevented by contrary winds or other insurmountable obstacles. The King of England binds himself to go in person to the said town of Sandwich, and there to receive the King of the Romans, except in case the King of England be prevented from doing so by other important business. As, however, the town of Sandwich is only a small and poor place, devoid of any houses in which the King of England could receive the King of the Romans in a befitting manner, and as the Queen of England, who has the most ardent desire to see the King of the Romans, her nephew, could not find lodgings in Sandwich, the commissioners of the King of England and those of the King of the Romans have stipulated that the King of the Romans is to sleep one night in Sandwich, and the next day to proceed to Canterbury, where the relics of St. Thomas are exhibited on occasion of the jubilee, and where the Queen his aunt will receive him. Both the King of the Romans and the King of England are at full liberty to leave Canterbury as soon as they like, and no obstacles are to be thrown in the way of the King of the Romans and his servants whenever he wishes to return to his ships and to continue his voyage.
2. In case the King of the Romans is prevented from visiting the town of Sandwich on or before the 15th of May next, it is stipulated by the commissioners of both Kings that the King of the Romans and the King of England are to meet one another on the 22nd of July next, in a place half way between Calais and Gravelines, which will be hereafter fixed upon. The King of the Romans and the King of England promise to send commissioners, who on the 20th of July next will determine the place of meeting, which is to be as far distant in a direct line from Calais as from Gravelines. They will there place two signals at a certain distance one from the other ; one indicating where the prelates, princes, and other principal personages, who will accompany the King of the Romans and Madame Margaret his aunt, are to assemble ; the other marking the place of the prelates, princes, noblemen, and other persons who will accompany the King and the Queen of England. The King of the Romans and the King of England will meet and speak with one another in the space between the two signals in the following manner : On the 20th of July the King of the Romans, accompanied by Madame Margaret, his aunt, will arrive at Gravelines, and on the same day the King of England, accompanied by the Queen his wife, will be at Calais. Two days afterwards, that is to say, on the 22nd of July next, at 9 o'clock in the morning, both Kings will leave their respective towns and proceed towards the place of meeting. The order of their respective processions will be as follows : each train will be preceded by the ensign of the King to whom it belongs, then the noblemen, the two Kings, the Queen of England, Madame Margaret, and the other persons will follow. As soon as the noblemen of the King of the Romans reach the place assigned to them, they will stop. The English noblemen will do the same on their part ; whilst the King of the Romans and Madame Margaret, on the one part, and the King and the Queen of England, on the other part, will pass through the midst of their followers. As soon as the two Kings arrive where the foremost of their noblemen have halted, they will take off their hats, and proceeding on horseback to the very centre, they will there salute and embrace one another and enter into conversation.
3. No one will be permitted to enter into the space by which the English will be separated from the company of the King of the Romans, except the King of the Romans, Madame Margaret, and the Marquis Arschot, the King and the Queen of England, and the Cardinal of York. But to both the King of the Romans and the King of England is the right reserved to call some other persons into the space set apart for them if they think it desirable to do so. As soon as the King of the Romans has saluted the King of England he will salute the Queen ; and as soon as the King of England has saluted the King of the Romans he will salute Madame Margaret, and lead her to the Queen. The Queen will salute and embrace Madame Margaret. That done, both Kings will converse with one another as long as they like, dine in their tents, and amuse themselves. At a convenient hour they will return with their suites, the one to Gravelines, the other to Calais, after having fixed the hour for their meeting on the following days.
4. The suites which the Kings bring with them will be unarmed, except the usual guards of each of the Kings. Both the Kings will have an equal number of followers.
5. The King of England will publish an order to the effect that if the fleet in which the King of the Romans will return to Flanders should be obliged to enter any port in England or Ireland, it will be received and assisted.
6. The King of the Romans binds himself to send to sea, before the 3rd of May, five well armed vessels, which are to cruise between Spain and Southampton, in order to protect the lives and goods of merchants against the attacks of pirates and enemies. The King of England binds himself likewise to send to sea five well armed vessels, which are to cruise for the same purpose between Southampton and Flanders.
7. All former treaties between the contracting parties remain in full force.
8. The commissioners and ambassadors of the King of the Romans and of the King of England swear that their Kings will strictly fulfil all the articles of this treaty.
9. Both Kings will ratify the treaty within thirty days.
The power of the King of England follows, dated Greenwich, the 8th of April, the 11th year of his reign.
The power of Charles, Emperor elect, follows, dated Burgos, the 25th of February 1520.
The treaty is dated London, the 11th of April 1520.
The commissioners and ambassadors on the same day, viz., the 11th of April 1520, concluded the following articles :—
1. Whenever the King of the Romans, Madame Margaret, and their retinue are on English ground, they will have precedence of the King and the Queen of England and their retinue. Whenever the King and the Queen of England and their retinue are on ground belonging to the dominions of the King of the Romans, they will have precedence of the King of the Romans, Madame Margaret, and their retinue.
2. In order that the English noblemen and those who are subjects of the King of the Romans may visit one another without danger by day and by night, each of the Kings will depute two of his noblemen to watch, with their retinue, all the roads, downs, &c., in the neighbourhood during the time of the meeting.
3. Neither of the contracting princes is allowed to have troops, except the ordinary garrisons of Calais, Guines, Ham, St. Omer, Aire, &c., near enough to the place of the interview to be able to reach it in two days.
Latin. Copy. pp. 18.
Printed in Lanz-Actenstuecke und Briefe zur Geschichte Kaiser Karl V.
28 April.
B. A. G. d. R. P. d'E. vol. xxiv.
275. The Emperor Charles V. to All Persons.
Bernard, Bishop of Elna ; Gerard de Plaine, Seigneur de Maigny and de la Roche ; Philip Haneton, Treasurer of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Audiencier, and First Secretary of State ; and Johannes Salice, (fn. 1) Secretary, on the one part ; and Thomas, Bishop of Durham, Keeper of the Privy Seal, Cuthbert Tunstal, Vice-Chancellor and Custos Rotulorum ; Richard Pace, Secretary ; and Thomas More, on the other hand, have, on the 11th of April, in the city of London, signed an instrument respecting the time, place, &c., of an interview which is to take place between him (the Emperor) and the King of England.
Approves of all the clauses contained in that instrument and ratifies it.—In the town of Coruña, the 28th of April 1520.
Latin. Copy. pp. 1½.

Footnotes

1 Jehan de le Sauch.


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