S. E. Leg. Suelt.
274. Treaty between the Emperor Charles V. and Henry
VIII., King Of England.
Commissioners on the part of the King of England :
Thomas, Bishop of Durham ;
Cuthbert Tunstal, Vice-Chancellor and Custos Rotulorum ;
Richard Pace, First Secretary ;
Commissioners on the part of the King of the Romans and
Spain, &c., Emperor elect :
Bernard de Mesa, Bishop of Elna ;
Gerard de la Plaine, Seigneur of Maigny and de la Roche ;
Philip Haneton, Treasurer of the Order of the Toison
d'Or, First Secretary and Audiencier ;
Jehan de le Sauch, Secretary.
|1. The King of the Romans binds himself, on his return
from Spain to Flanders, to visit the town of Sandwich, in
England, before or on the 15th of May next, except in case
he is prevented by contrary winds or other insurmountable
obstacles. The King of England binds himself to go in person
to the said town of Sandwich, and there to receive the King
of the Romans, except in case the King of England be prevented
from doing so by other important business. As, however,
the town of Sandwich is only a small and poor place,
devoid of any houses in which the King of England could
receive the King of the Romans in a befitting manner, and
as the Queen of England, who has the most ardent desire
to see the King of the Romans, her nephew, could not find
lodgings in Sandwich, the commissioners of the King of
England and those of the King of the Romans have stipulated
that the King of the Romans is to sleep one night
in Sandwich, and the next day to proceed to Canterbury,
where the relics of St. Thomas are exhibited on occasion
of the jubilee, and where the Queen his aunt will receive him.
Both the King of the Romans and the King of England are
at full liberty to leave Canterbury as soon as they like, and
no obstacles are to be thrown in the way of the King of the
Romans and his servants whenever he wishes to return to his
ships and to continue his voyage.
|2. In case the King of the Romans is prevented from
visiting the town of Sandwich on or before the 15th of
May next, it is stipulated by the commissioners of both Kings
that the King of the Romans and the King of England are to
meet one another on the 22nd of July next, in a place half way
between Calais and Gravelines, which will be hereafter fixed
upon. The King of the Romans and the King of England
promise to send commissioners, who on the 20th of July next
will determine the place of meeting, which is to be as far
distant in a direct line from Calais as from Gravelines. They
will there place two signals at a certain distance one from
the other ; one indicating where the prelates, princes, and
other principal personages, who will accompany the King of
the Romans and Madame Margaret his aunt, are to assemble ;
the other marking the place of the prelates, princes,
noblemen, and other persons who will accompany the King and
the Queen of England. The King of the Romans and the
King of England will meet and speak with one another in
the space between the two signals in the following manner :
On the 20th of July the King of the Romans, accompanied by
Madame Margaret, his aunt, will arrive at Gravelines, and on
the same day the King of England, accompanied by the Queen
his wife, will be at Calais. Two days afterwards, that is to
say, on the 22nd of July next, at 9 o'clock in the morning,
both Kings will leave their respective towns and proceed
towards the place of meeting. The order of their respective
processions will be as follows : each train will be preceded by
the ensign of the King to whom it belongs, then the noblemen,
the two Kings, the Queen of England, Madame Margaret,
and the other persons will follow. As soon as the noblemen
of the King of the Romans reach the place assigned to
them, they will stop. The English noblemen will do the
same on their part ; whilst the King of the Romans and
Madame Margaret, on the one part, and the King and the
Queen of England, on the other part, will pass through
the midst of their followers. As soon as the two Kings
arrive where the foremost of their noblemen have halted, they
will take off their hats, and proceeding on horseback to the
very centre, they will there salute and embrace one another
and enter into conversation.
|3. No one will be permitted to enter into the space by
which the English will be separated from the company of the
King of the Romans, except the King of the Romans, Madame
Margaret, and the Marquis Arschot, the King and the Queen
of England, and the Cardinal of York. But to both the King
of the Romans and the King of England is the right reserved
to call some other persons into the space set apart for them
if they think it desirable to do so. As soon as the King
of the Romans has saluted the King of England he will
salute the Queen ; and as soon as the King of England has
saluted the King of the Romans he will salute Madame Margaret,
and lead her to the Queen. The Queen will salute
and embrace Madame Margaret. That done, both Kings will
converse with one another as long as they like, dine in their
tents, and amuse themselves. At a convenient hour they
will return with their suites, the one to Gravelines, the other
to Calais, after having fixed the hour for their meeting on
the following days.
|4. The suites which the Kings bring with them will be
unarmed, except the usual guards of each of the Kings.
Both the Kings will have an equal number of followers.
|5. The King of England will publish an order to the effect
that if the fleet in which the King of the Romans will return
to Flanders should be obliged to enter any port in England
or Ireland, it will be received and assisted.
|6. The King of the Romans binds himself to send to sea,
before the 3rd of May, five well armed vessels, which are to
cruise between Spain and Southampton, in order to protect the
lives and goods of merchants against the attacks of pirates and
enemies. The King of England binds himself likewise to send
to sea five well armed vessels, which are to cruise for the same
purpose between Southampton and Flanders.
|7. All former treaties between the contracting parties
remain in full force.
|8. The commissioners and ambassadors of the King of the
Romans and of the King of England swear that their Kings
will strictly fulfil all the articles of this treaty.
|9. Both Kings will ratify the treaty within thirty days.
The power of the King of England follows, dated Greenwich,
the 8th of April, the 11th year of his reign.
The power of Charles, Emperor elect, follows, dated Burgos,
the 25th of February 1520.
The treaty is dated London, the 11th of April 1520.
|The commissioners and ambassadors on the same day, viz.,
the 11th of April 1520, concluded the following articles :—
1. Whenever the King of the Romans, Madame Margaret,
and their retinue are on English ground, they will have precedence
of the King and the Queen of England and their
retinue. Whenever the King and the Queen of England and
their retinue are on ground belonging to the dominions of the
King of the Romans, they will have precedence of the King
of the Romans, Madame Margaret, and their retinue.
2. In order that the English noblemen and those who are
subjects of the King of the Romans may visit one another
without danger by day and by night, each of the Kings will
depute two of his noblemen to watch, with their retinue, all
the roads, downs, &c., in the neighbourhood during the time
of the meeting.
3. Neither of the contracting princes is allowed to have
troops, except the ordinary garrisons of Calais, Guines, Ham,
St. Omer, Aire, &c., near enough to the place of the interview
to be able to reach it in two days.
Latin. Copy. pp. 18.
Printed in Lanz-Actenstuecke und Briefe zur Geschichte
Kaiser Karl V.
B. A. G. d. R.
P. d'E. vol. xxiv.
275. The Emperor Charles V. to All Persons.
Bernard, Bishop of Elna ; Gerard de Plaine, Seigneur de
Maigny and de la Roche ; Philip Haneton, Treasurer of the
Order of the Golden Fleece, Audiencier, and First Secretary of
State ; and Johannes Salice, (fn. 1) Secretary, on the one part ; and
Thomas, Bishop of Durham, Keeper of the Privy Seal, Cuthbert
Tunstal, Vice-Chancellor and Custos Rotulorum ; Richard
Pace, Secretary ; and Thomas More, on the other hand, have,
on the 11th of April, in the city of London, signed an instrument
respecting the time, place, &c., of an interview which is
to take place between him (the Emperor) and the King of
Approves of all the clauses contained in that instrument
and ratifies it.—In the town of Coruña, the 28th of April
Latin. Copy. pp. 1½.