Venice
October 1513

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Institute of Historical Research

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Rawdon Brown (editor)

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1867

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138-150

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'Venice: October 1513', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 2: 1509-1519 (1867), pp. 138-150. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=94192 Date accessed: 30 August 2014.


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October 1513

Oct. 4. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 112.325. Francesco Foscari, Venetian Ambassador in Rome, to the State.
Dated 30th September and 1st October.
Receipt there of a letter from a Florentine in Flanders (fn. 1) to the Cardinal of York, stating that the Scots, having entered England, gave battle; that 4,000 of them were killed; and that the body of the King of Scotland had not been found; he was supposed to have been killed. On account of this news the Cardinal of England had bonfires burnt at Rome, the Imperial and Spanish ambassadors doing the like, though it was possible the intelligence might not be true.
[Italian.]
Oct. 4. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 113.326. Marco Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the State,
Dated Amiens, 13th, and from the camp the 15th September, in cipher, by express.
On the 14th the most Christian King had mass celebrated, and mounted on horseback, armed at all points. The ambassador accompanied him on his way to the camp, together with a number of lords and barons, many of them being men eighty years of age; so that they march willingly against the King of England. On arriving his Majesty reviewed the army.
The English proceed slowly, and were going to besiege Tournai, a town well provided and hostile to the Emperor, who had been for four days in King Henry's camp.
Also that the Scots had attacked England, and that the Duke of Guelders had not yet arrived.
[Italian.]
Oct. 7. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 136.327. Francesco Foscari, Venetian Ambassador in Rome, to the State.
Dated the 4th.
From what the Pope had said to him on the preceding day, the news of the rout of the Scots and the death of their King, as announced by him on the 1st, on authority of the letter received by the Cardinal of England, was now confirmed, both by letters from a Florentine merchant in London, and by letters from Bannisius (Bavisi), (fn. 2) the imperial agent (homo imperial), in the English camp, addressed to the Lord Albert of Carpi, stating that the English attacked the Scotch in the night, and killed the King by a wound in the posteriors (et amazono il Re di ferita di ano).
The letters of said Bannisius also purported that the delegates from Tournai had come into the English camp, and would surrender the town immediately; so that as far as could be seen the affairs of the French were in the worst possible plight.
[Italian.]
Oct. 7. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 138 to 140.328. The Duke of Ferrara to the State.
Dated 6th October.
News received by the Bishop of Gurk on the 27th September, from the imperial court.
Last paragraph in a letter to his lordship from the Emperor, written in the castle of Lille, on the 12th September:—
“In all matters concerning this war, we are well agreed with the King of England, and shall follow up the undertaking against the enemy the whole of this winter, and hope, with God's assistance, to humble the pride of the French; so that for ever, or at least for two years, there will be nothing to fear. During this negotiation we shall visit our children, and be able to defend them and their affairs, and ourselves.”
In private letters dated Lille the 14th September, it was stated that, after dismantling Terouenne, they had burnt it. That the Emperor and the King of England were gone to the castle of Lille, belonging to Prince Charles, and were besieging Tournai, which, although a strong place, they hoped to obtain speedily.
The French forces were in the county of Artois, the Dauphin being with them, and the commander [in chief], the Duke of Bourbon. The King of France was at Amiens, and the Queen at Blois. The German infantry in the service of France had refused to fight against the Emperor and the house of Austria and Burgundy, and the French had sent them elsewhere.
The Emperor and the King of England were hourly expecting news of the engagement between the English and Scotch, as both sides were preparing to give battle.
They were expecting the decision of the King of Spain, who was to attack France with 15,000 infantry and 1,500 men-at-arms, and other foot and light horse.
The Lady Margaret had come to the castle to visit the King, very much to the satisfaction of both one and the other, and to the great joy of their respective subjects.
The King of England, in the presence of the lady aforesaid, sang and played on the gitteron-pipe (flauto de cythara), and the lutepipes (lira de' flauti; sic) (fn. 3) and on the cornet (corno); and he danced. The Queen had written to him, congratulating him on the victory, and on his capture of the Duke of Longueville; adding that it was no great thing for one armed man to take another, but that she was sending him three, taken by a woman; and that if he sent her a captive duke, she should soon send him a king.
In private letters of the 18th, intelligence had been received of a battle between the English and Scots, wherein the last-named were routed, 20,600 being killed, and 5,000 of the English.
[Italian.]
Oct. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 137.329. Receipt on that morning, through the Duke of Ferrara, of a letter with copious news of Scotland and of the death of the King. His obsequies were being performed, and when the English wanted to invade the country to conquer it, the King of England forbad them, saying he chose that kingdom to belong to his sister, and to his nephew and niece, the children of the late King of Scotland.
A male heir was born to the King of England, and will inherit the crown, the other son having died.
The King sent a French prisoner, Monsr. de —, as a present to the Queen, and she sent him back three Scotsmen of note, saying it was not a marvel for one man-of-war to take another man-of-war, such as that Frenchman sent to her by the King, to whom she sent back these three Scotsmen taken by a woman alone.
[Italian.]
Oct. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 137, 138.330. Badoer, Venetian Ambassador in Spain, to the Signory.
Dated Valladolid, 16th and 18th September.
Writes news of the English and of their capture of Terouenne. The King of England is young, rich and warlike, and will destroy France.
King Ferdinand told Badoer that the Fope had been negotiating a marriage between his brother, the Magnifico Julian, and his (King Ferdinand's) natural daughter, the King having taken her out of a convent, as already written by Badoer.
It now seems that the Pope means to marry his brother to the daughter of the late King Frederick of Naples, who is in Italy; so King Ferdinand abused the Pope grossly, saying he was only good to play the lute, and knew nothing of statesmanship, and that he is the one who maintains the wars amongst Christians, using much foul language against him.
[Italian.]
Oct. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 139.331. James Bannisius, Imperial agent, to the Lord Albert of Carpi.
Dated Tournai, 17th September.
The King of Scotland entered England with 40,000, and took Norham, advancing four leagues into England. The Lord Treasurer, Earl of Surrey (Sorch), went to meet him with 30,000 men, and the battle was fought on the 9th, the English being victorious, and taking the artillery and wagon train; and it was not known whether the King was a prisoner or killed, as he had not been found.
It was heard that 13,000 Scots had been killed, and 10,000 made prisoners.
The Queen of England had given birth to a son.
The army was under Tournai, and had already constructed batteries. There were two parties in Tournai: the most powerful and noble held to the Emperor; the populace were for the French. There Avere no efficient troops within.
Oct. 8. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 140.332. James Bannisius, Imperial agent, to the Lord Albert of Carpi.
Dated Tournai, 20 September.
The King of Scots had been made prisoner, and died of his wounds an hour afterwards. The body had been conveyed to Berwick (Varich).
The King of England had shown to the Emperor the garment (veste) the King of Scots wore. The King of Scots left a son and a daughter, the eldest four years old. The Earl of Surrey had entered Scotland, burning everything, but the King (of England) charged him to burn no more.
Tournai was parleying with the Bishop of Winchester (Bitoniense). The iron gauntlets of the deceased King of Scots had been brought to the King of England.
Preparations were makiug for the performance of stately obsequies in his (the King of Scots') honour.
It was hoped Tournai would soon be taken.
[Italian.]
Oct. 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 76.333. [Nicolo di Favri, of Treviso?] to Francesco Gradenigo.
Dated London, — August to 3rd September 1513.
Receipt of letters in England, announcing the arrival of the Emperor in King Henry's camp, with a considerable force both of horse and foot. They were besieging Terouenne, a small but very strong town; their artillery had destroyed well-nigh all the walls, and they hoped soon to take the place. The French made frequent sallies; the English encountered them in great force, and but few escaped either death or capture.
On the 10th August, St. Lawrence's Day, the Emperor held a conference with the King in his tent, and they confirmed their good league for the annihilation of the King of France.
On said St. Lawrence's Day in London there was a terrible storm of wind and rain, with severe cold, after which letters arrived announcing great victories obtained by King Henry in three quarters.
On Tuesday the 16th, when with his army of 60,000 men under Terouenne, hearing that a strong French force was on its march to succour the place, his Majesty, according to report determined at midnight to go and attack them in person, and mounted on horseback spear in hand, the Emperor doing the like. The French, in number 14,000, approached within three miles of the town, whereupon the battle began; and at length the King was victorious. Amongst the French prisoners were 15 lords, barons, and dukes, and 250 gentlemen and persons of account, so that two days later Terouenne surrendered, and thus the King could go the whole way to Paris without impediment, it being his intention to have himself there crowned King of France.
The second victory was gained by the fleet, which gave battle to that of France, and captured two large ships, with the prospect of taking others.
The third victory was as follows. The King of England, understanding that his cousin the King of Scots had been persuaded by France to wage war on him, so that he might be diverted from his intention of annihilating King Lewis, sent a great lord, called my Lord Treasurer, a very sage man and of great age, with 30,000 efficient troops, well accoutred—not barefooted like those of Italy, men who did not go to rob, but to gain honour, and who marched at their own cost. They did not take wenches with them, and they are not profane swearers, like “our soldiers;” indeed there were few who failed daily to recite the “office” and our Lady's Rosary. This army gave battle to the Scots, and, after much fighting, gained the day. According to report, the Scots had lost eight great lords, including my Lord of Fastcastell (Monsignor dot Forte Castello), (fn. 4) who was said to have been at Venice, and all over Italy. This result proves that Scotland should desist from waging war on England, for although the Scots, according to report and in reality, are very numerous and accustomed to all hardships, yet the country is too poor. The inhabitants have no arms, and are situated at the end of the world. Hitherto small mention has been made of King Henry, whereas for the future the whole world will talk of him. For gold, silver, and soldiers not another king in Christendom can be found to compare with him. The Venetian ambassador [Andrea Badoer] had laboured vastly to effect this attack on the French, and when his object was accomplished the Signory leagued with the King of France! Is of opinion that some regard should have been had for the King of England by first of all giving him notice to that effect.
In London deaths from plague occur constantly. On the 22nd August two of the ambassador's servants sickened; they did not own to the disease, and on the 25th rose from bed, went to a tavern to drink a certain beverage called “ale,” and died the same day. Their bed, sheets, and other effects were thrown into the sea (sic), so that they (the Venetians) had been in great danger. It was said that when the King of France heard of the loss of Terouenne he took to his bed in great grief. Also on the 3rd September letters arrived, announcing the capture by the King of England of another town, called Montreuil, a place very convenient for his march to Paris.
[Italian.]
Oct. 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 153, 154.334. Piero Lando and Francesco Foscari, Venetian Ambassadors in Rome, to the State.
Dated 6th and 7th October.
Confirm the rout of the Scots, and the death of their King, and also of a great number of lords. Announce the capture of Tournai by the King of England and the Emperor. The town is to give them 100,000 ducats, ready money, and to pay the King of England 10,000 annually.
This intelligence had been received from Lyons in letters dated the 3rd, and also that the English and French armies were at a short distance from each other, and would either give battle or come to terms.
The Pope told the ambassadors he intended to mediate, and would not fail using every good office.
[Italian.]
Oct. 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 154.335. Marco Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the State.
Dated Amiens, 28th September.
Announces the rout of the Scots, and the death of their King, and that Tournai had surrendered on the terms aforesaid. The English army would advance vigorously: it was well paid: every thirty days twelve cart-loads of money arrived in the camp.
The King of France also had a very efficient army, so that an engagement might be considered inevitable, and yet a negotiation for terms was on foot.
Mentions his conversations with the King of France, who said the Emperor was captain, and the King of England his treasurer. The King of France did not fail to make provision. The English army was marching straight to St. Quentin, and the King of France would proceed with his forces to some place where he could remain in greater security.
Note by Sanuto, that it was also heard by way of Rome, that the King of France was sending four ambassadors to the Pope, to revoke and annul the conventicle of Pisa, and to place himself in the hands of his Holiness for the affair of the war.
[Italian.]
Oct. 12. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 162, 163.336. Antonio Bavarin to the Pesari of London.
Dated London, 13th September.
They would have already heard of the surrender of Terouenne to the English, property and persons being respected. Subsequently the walls were levelled, and everything was destroyed except the churches.
After this the English went to Lisle, and now mean to invest Tournai, a town belonging to Burgundy, which, since the death of Duke Charles [the Bold], had never tendered allegiance, and claimed the King of France for its protector. Although a very strong place, its strength would avail little against such a host. The English would then continue their march towards Paris by Upper Picardy, under the King and the Emperor, whose daughter likewise had visited his Majesty. The Duke of Saxe, of the Count Palatine's family, with 800 horse and 12,000 foot, picked troops, had joined, and other troops were arriving daily, so that by this time the army would amount to some 20,000 horse, heavy and light, and upwards of—thousand foot, besides many volunteers.
The whole force exceeds 100,000 men. Leaves his correspondents to judge what can resist it. The French remain downcast in their fortresses, and they will now have to do penance, and pay the damage done by them to “poor Italy,” Prays God to give the King (of England) victory [in France], and also in Scotland, from which quarter he knows nothing. Had heard from Antwerp that the camp was raised from under Padua. Should the Signory wish to make terms with the Emperor (as reported), this would be the moment, as he loves the King of England more than if he were his son. This love for the King is universal with all who see him, for his Highness does not seem a person of this world, but one descended from Heaven (non par persona, di questo mondo, ma venudo dal cielo).
Had received letters from Lisbon advising the arrival of three spice vessels, besides the first, and much merchandise; an annual cargo being also sent of some 400 pieces (sic) of tin, which, if good, will be detrimental to the English; for they (the Portuguese?) say they can have as much as they please. (fn. 5)
337. Antonio Bavarin to the Pesari of London.
Dated London, 14th September 1513.
Announces receipt of letters from the north, from the Lord Treasurer, the King's captain general against the Scots, purporting that he had given battle to the King of Scots, who had advanced some 20 miles into England with upwards of 70,000 combatants, the Lord Treasurer having about 50,000, with which he made as violent an attack on them as any ever witnessed during the last 500 years. At length the Scots took flight, and the English routed and destroyed them, killing, so far as could be judged, 30,000, and the rest for the most part were drowned in the retreat, having to cross a river which was so swollen that they could not pass, though, as they had always been used to ford it, this result was miraculous. The greater part of the nobility of Scotland was either killed or captive. As yet nothing certain was known of the King; he was supposed to be either dead or a prisoner. As may be imagined, many English fell, though by the Lord Treasurer's letter no one of account was missing.
The King of Scotland was King Henry's brother-in-law, and had sworn eternal peace; and then from subserviency to the King of France, broke faith and ruined himself, losing the artillery, which was numerous, and had been sent to him from France, and all his wagon-train. “Within a few days his Majesty our King has had three very grand victories; we are now expecting the next—that he expel him of France; and thus do we hope in God it will be.”
[Italian.]
Oct. 18. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 184.338. Statement made to the Signory by the Secretary of the Duke of Ferrara, who wrote to him in date of the 15th, that the English in France were prospering, and had obtained Tournai, &c.
[Italian.]
Oct. 18. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 187, 188.339. Vettor Lippomano to—.
Dated Rome, 12th and 15th.
The Pope had conferred a Scotch bishopric held by the King's brother (fn. 6) —who likewise had been killed by the English at the rout—on his nephew, Cardinal Cibo; its annual revenue amounted to 12,000 ducats; and on the 12th in consistory he bestowed the bishopric on this Cardinal.
For the defeat of the Venetians bonfires had been burnt at Rome by the Spanish ambassador, and by the Cardinals Remolino, Adrian, and of England; and the Cardinal Santa Croce did the like from fear, and not because he was really glad.
[Italian.]
Oct. 22. Saouto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 201–204.340. Lorenzo Pasqualigo to his Brothers in Venice.
Dated London, 17th September, 1513.
Sends the present by way of Rome, enclosed in the letters of his very dear friend Giovanni Cavalcanti, who was sending a despatch in great haste, and had certainly not taken letters for anyone. Alludes to their being already acquainted with the victories obtained by “our great King” (el nostro magno Re), and his capture of Terouenne, after which everything was burnt except the churches, all the ditches being filled up; the conditions of the surrender stipulating respect for persons. A week previously 10,000 French horse, who had come to succour the town with provisions, were opposed by the Emperor with the Burgundian cavalry, and also by “our victorious King” (el nostro vittorioso Re) with 20 000 English foot, so that they took flight; 200 grandees being captured, amongst whom were a Duke and seven other men of great rank. But few lords were killed, for they ran away.
Terouenne being disposed of, they encamped under Tournai, a large and rich town, which always held to France, although heretofore under Burgundy. It surrendered with conditions, and its captain, a Frenchman, had been beheaded, as heard by letters received from the camp on the preceding day (16 September). Believed that the King having now made all safe in his rear, would march straight to Paris, as first of all be had with him the Emperor, accompanied by 1,000 men at arms, the Count Palatine (sic) 64 (sic) electors of the empire, and the chief lords of Germany, said to be in number 15,000 horse, and 40,000 infantry, and all in the pay of “our King,” they being the flower of Germany, and fresh arrivals took place daily, so that the army would amount to some 120,000 men and upwards, and might advance without hindrance. The Emperor had promised not to abandon “our King,” and they were on such very loving terms, that they called each other but father and son. According to report the Lady Margaret had been in the camp with them, so that “our King” will renew the name of his uncle, (fn. 7) Henry VI.
They will have heard of the great victory gained over the Scots. On the 9th September the King of Scotland in person with his chief lords, and 80,000 men (according to report) advanced 12 miles into England. They were met by the Treasurer of England, the King's lieutenant, with 30,000 men. In another quarter there were 20,000, in three divisions, on the rear and flanks of the enemy, and those on the rear destroyed the bridges over which the Scots had crossed the river into England. Thus by mutual agreement the battle was appointed for the 9th, and was fought for three hours, when the Scots took flight, 12,000 of them being killed, and 4,000 English. This intelligence had been received from the Treasurer in the camp. The engagement was sanguinary, the English having cut off the retreat in every direction. The King of Scots had assuredly been killed, and also many great lords; very few prisoners were made; many were drowned, the amount not being known, for they threw themselves into the water on the retreat. The Treasurer had taken all the artillery and baggage wagons, of which last he could only bring away 1,000.
The body of the King of Scots had been taken to Berwick, where the English army was. Believes they will await the King of England's orders about entering Scotland to take the Queen and Prince; as also with regard to the King's burial place, although excommunicated for having broken faith to his brother-in-law, to “aid that cursed France, whose friendship is great evil to those who possess it.” Is of opinion that England may now obtain command of all Scotland.
Being acquainted with the great victories and success of “our magnanimous King,” they must know that “our Queen” likewise took the field, with a numerous force under her command, at a distance of 100 miles from London; but having heard the news of this blessed victory, would return. Expatiates on the justice of the King's cause, and the expediency of having an ambassador with him during his present conference with the Emperor, as he had always aided the State in such matters as lay within his power. The ambassador Badoer would not stir, having neither commission nor letters from the Signory; nay, six months had elapsed without his receiving any despatches from the State. Does not comprehend the whim of incurring the expense of an ambassador in England, without employing him or giving him advices for the Signory's need.
The plague is raging most fiercely in London; and all the Yenetians had already taken houses in the country, many also having departed. Purposes doing the like, as it was in truth very perilous to remain in London, the deaths there being said to amount to 200 per diem; the plague being also in the English fleet, Prays to God to dispense health.
There is no business doing of any sort, and would recommend them, even if able to sell goods well, on credit (a tempo), not to do so. As already mentioned by him, Bonvixi talked of sending a ship (then in the fleet) to Venice before Christmas; and if they could obtain a licence for the transmission of tin and bastards [bastard cloths] overland, the money would be well spent, as he is of opinion there will be no possibility of sending by sea.
The King of Spain remains a spectator of the entertainment. Hopes the day may soon come when he will be glad to betake himself into Arragon, and leave Castile to Prince Charles, which would be a reward for his misconduct and breach of promise.
The Queen widow [of Scotland] would make a good match for the Emperor, and such marriage might easily take place. The French were not understood to have any camp in the field, and had merely fortified themselves in Amiens and other places, which would avail them nothing, especially as, according to report in London, 20,000 Switzers had invaded Burgundy. Report in London that the Turks had invaded Puglia, which, if true, would compel the Spaniards to defend themselves there and leave Venice at peace.
[Italian.]
Oct. 22. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 204, 205.341. Flodden.
Names of the Scottish earls and lords killed by the English in the battle on the 9th September 1513.
Jacobus, Scotorum RexJames King of Scotland.
Archiepiscopus Sancti AndreæArchbishop of St. Andrew's.
Episcopus SlenensisBishop of the Isles (?).
Episcopus RetenensisBishop of Rothsay (?).
Abbas YnchafiensisAbbot of Inchaffrey (?).
Abbas RiluinensisAbbot of Kylwenny (?).
Comes LuinthllereEarl of Linlithgow (?).
Comes Montis RosæEarl of Montrose.
Comes RetnensisEarl of Rothsay (?).
Comes CrafordiæEarl of Craufurd.
Comes ArgiliæEarl of Argyle.
Comes LivenensisEarl of Leven (?).
Comes LeutaniæEarl of Lothian (?).
Comes CastiliæEarl of Castelles (?).
Comes MercenensisEarl of March (?).
Comes BatellisEarl of Bothwell (?).
Comes AreliæEarl of Errol (?).
Comes AtheliæEarl of Athol.
Dominus LovetusLord Lovat (?).
Dominus ForbesLord Forbes.
Dominus ElvesconentisLord Elveston (?).
Dominus UnderbiensisLord In derby (?).
Dominus MaxuellusLord Maxwell.
Dominus Sancti CleriLord Sentclere (?).
Marchio LeonensiMarquis of Lindsay (?).
Marchio ClecemæMarquis of Graham (?).
Do. Joanne GraunteLord John Graunt (?).
Do. AnguriasLord Angus (?).
Dominus RoesLord Ross (?).
Dominus SemphiliusLord Sempyll (?).
Dominus BorthireLord Borthwick (?).
Dominus Al RilLord Arskyll (?).
Secretarius RegiusMaster Cawell, Clerk of the Chancery (?).
Do. Davusi Gallus—French Secretary (?).
Alexander Serton, Eques AuratusSir Alexander Seton (?).
Gulielmus Stoit, EquesSir William Stuart (?).
Joannes Heme, EquesSir John Home (?)
Doimnus ClorinLord Cowyn (?).
Decanus ClasquensisDean of Glasgow (?).
David Heme, EquesSir David Home (?).
Corthubertus Home de CastelloCuthbert Home, Lord of Fastcastell (?).
Also in the first engagement the following Scottish grandees were captured or killed:—
Dominus HuntheleiLord Huntley.
Georgius Hume, films Gubernatoris ScoziæGeorge Hume, son of the Governor of Scotland.
Dominus Philippus, filius primogenitus Domini de NesbetheLord Philip, eldest son of Lord Nesbit.
Dominus Humus, juniorLord Hume the Younger (?).
Duo Avunculi Domini Sancti JoannisTwo uncles of Lord St. John (?).
Hugo DuglasHugh Douglas.
Dominus de HutonLord Crichton (?).
Never within the memory of man had the Scots so much wealth in their camp, for they took with them all their vessels of silver and gold, so that certain English peasants of the neighbouring valleys went forth to plunder them, and did not even spare their own countrymen.
In their camp the Scots had with them 4,000 feather beds; also a very great number of cannon, as named hereunder:—First of all seven great guns, which from their uniformity, were called the Seven Sisters. Also five curtals. Also two culverins. Also four sacres. Also seven great serpentines. Also twenty-four great guns.
Innumerable wagons laden with various effects and provisions were also taken.
Names of the only four lords remaining alive in Scotland:
The Lord Treasurer.
Lord Hamilton.
Earl of Murray? (Comes Mariœ.)
Lord Herries? (Dominus Heliis.)
The corpse of the King of Scotland was taken to York, because before Michaelmas—had come to that city, saying he would capture it (sic).
Sir Adam Forman, the standard bearer of the King of Scots, was taken alive, he being the brother of the schismatic Bishop of Murray.
20,000 soldiers had been killed, besides the lords and earls.
After the battle, the Earl of Surrey knighted 33 of those who had behaved well.
From England, 29th September 1513.
[Latin.]
Oct. 22. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 197.342. Venetian Ambassador Lando to the State.
Dated Rome, 10th October.
Opinion of Leo X. that the Signory would do well to cede Yerona to the Emperor, is he was supported by the Kings of Spain and England
Had been visited by the French ambassador, the Bishop of Marseilles, who announced the receipt of letters from Amiens, in date of the 3rd, when the English were still at Tournai.
Letters from Lyons stated how news had reached the Queen that it was not the King of Scotland who had been killed, but a natural brother of his who wore the King's coat (veste).
[Italian.]
Oct. 26. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 225.343. Vetor Lipomano to—.
Dated Rome, 22nd October 1513.
News received there from France, that on the 6th the English army was at St. Quentin, and that of France at Amiens, 20 miles asunder; the Emperor and the King of England being at Tournai, where there were jousts for the victory.
At Rome on the 20th the two Cardinals of Sorrento and of England, and the ambassadors from the Emperor and Spain, held a close conference with the Pope, and despatched a post to the Cardinal of Gurk and the Viceroy. The Pope was sending nuncios to Scotland and England, to pacify matters there.
[Italian.]
Oct. 29. Sanu to Diari x. xvii. p. 232.344. Venetian Ambassador in Rome to the State.
Dated 25th. Announces receipt of advices from Amiens, dated the 15th (though no letters had reached the French ambassadors,) that the King of England had left 6,000 foot and 200 spears in Tournai, had embarked his artillery and baggage, and would cross the Channel and return to England immediately, having given the Emperor 2,000 crowns (sic) to continue the attack on France, and keep the Switzers in his pay. Report that the fleet of Scotland had joined that of France. Also that the King of England was at Calais and would embark there.
[Italian.]
Oct. 29. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. pp. 232, 233.345. Dandolo, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the State.
Dated Amiens, 8th, 10th, and 13th October; in cipher.
The King of England had given the Emperor 200,000 francs (sic), each franc being worth 13 gross. The Emperor was going to besiege a city in France called Lys [sic, Liege?], subject to a bishop; so the King of France sent to the Duke of Guelders, desiring him to remain in those parts for its defence. The King of England was about to return home, but had promised to come back. He left 4,000 men at Calais, and the 100,000 francs (sic) given by him to the Emperor were destined for a levy of troops against this Flemish Bishop of Lys [Liege?], who had shown himself a French partisan. The King of England has ordered Tournai to pay the 6,000 infantry left by him there in garrison.
[Italian.]
Oct. 29. Sanuto Diaries, v. xvii. p. 233.346. Government of Florence to Bibiena, Papal Ambas ador in Venice.
On the 10th (sic) the King of England crossed over to the island, and since his departure a great lord had apparently acted as mediator for an adjustment between the two sovereigns.
[Italian.]

Footnotes

1 Ambassador Spinelly. See Mr. Brewer's Calendar, vol. i. p. 673, no. 4459.
2 Concerning James Bannisius, the Emperor's secretary, see Mr. Brewer's Calendar, vol. i. index.
3 For a list of Henry the Eighth's musical instruments, see Ellis, series 2, vol. i. p. 272.
4 Cuthbert Home. See Hall, p. 563.
5 This is the earliest notice known to me of the importation into Europe of tin from India. According to Haydn's Dictionary of Dates, the tin mines there were not discovered until 1740.
6 According to Hall, p. 563, the Archbishop of St. Andrew's, who fell at Hodden was the bastard son of James IV.
7 “Barba”; qu. ancestor?