Venice
October 1529

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Institute of Historical Research

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Rawdon Brown (editor)

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1871

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231-234

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'Venice: October 1529', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 4: 1527-1533 (1871), pp. 231-234. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=94599 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


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October 1529

Oct. 2. Original Letter Book, Letter no. 227. St. Mark's Library. 513. The Same to the Same.
I despatched the accompanying letters on the 28th by Sir Gregory Casal's messenger, who on the road met with some impediment or business, so that he came back, and last evening Sir Gregory returned the letters to me.
Rome, 2nd October.
[Italianpages.]
Oct. 4. Sanuto Diaries, v. lii. p. 101. 514. Sebastian Giutstinian to the Signory.
It is heard that the King of England, of his own authority, has divorced the Queen from his bed, and deprived Cardinal Wolsey of the Seal, which is a great dignity, and very profitable, and that he has given it to the father of his favourite, by name—. (fn. 1)
He has also sent to the King of France a very handsome jewelled —, worth 150,000 ducats, that he may give it to the Emperor as security for that amount in order to ransom his sons.
Madame Margaret has sent an envoy to the most Christian King, asking for money with which to raise troops against the Turk. The King answered him that he would give both money and troops, and go in person, on getting back his sons, and that he wishes to speak to the Emperor, and will forthwith go to Savoy, where the Emperor, who is in Italy, might hold a colloquy with him.
The King exhorts the Signory to make peace with the Emperor, whose treasurer he says he is, for the purpose of amassing money.
Paris, 4th October. Registered by Sanuto 28th October.
[Italian.]
Oct. 11. Sanuto Diaries, v. lii. p. 153. 515. Lodovico Falier to the Signory.
Narrates conversations held with Cardinal Wolsey, and Cardinal Campeggio, late Legate in England, who has departed on his way to Rome.
King Henry has sent two ambassadors to the Emperor, (fn. 2) and two ambassadors to the King of France, (fn. 3) with congratulations on the peace made; and he has also sent an ambassador to the Pope.
London, 11th October. Registered, by Sanuto 9th November.
[Italian.]
Oct. 15. Original Letter Book, Letter no. 229, St. Mark's Library. 516. Gasparo Contarini to the Signory.
At my audience this evening the Pope informed me that the Emperor told the Archbishop of Capua [Schomberg] he would not fail to prove to the whole world his exertions for the welfare of the Christian commonwealth, to effect which he had sent his agents to France, England, Germany, and Spain, and throughout his dominions.
Cagli, 15th October 1529.
[Italianpages.]
Oct. 20. Sanuto Diaries, v. lii. p. 74. 517. Disgrace of Cardinal Wolsey.
Report in Venice, though there were no letters to that effect, that in England the King had deprived Cardinal Wolsey of his authority, taken away from him the seal of the Chancery, and dispossessed him of certain bishoprics which he held, and this because he opposed the divorce from the King's wife.
Although there were no letters, the merchant Pagnoti Morosini has arrived in Venice, having quitted London on the 7th inst.
[Italian.]
Oct. 22. Sanuto Diaries, v. lii. p. 79. 518. Dr. William Bennet at Venice.
The English ambassador, Prothonotary Casal, came into the College with another ambassador from the King, late with the Pope, come from . . . . , by name the Dr. Benet.
[Italian.]
Oct. 24. Sanuto Diaries, v.lii. p. 176. 519. Piero Francesco de Bardi to Maffio Bernardo, of the Bank.
From London there is nothing to write, save that Campeggio was still awaiting his passage at Dover. Several days ago he had leave from his Majesty, who, including silver and money, gave him to the amount of 2,000 marks sterling, and upwards.
Cardinal Wolsey, after so much long continued prosperity, has at length found fortune irate and hostile beyond measure, in such wise that she has brought him to ruin, which may be said to exceed his late fame and elevation. He has lost the royal favour, and incurred his Majesty's utmost indignation, his supreme authority being converted into bondage and calamity. He has been forbidden to act as Legate, and has lost the Chancellorship, the bishopric of Winchester, the abbacy of St. Alban's, and, in fine, all his other revenues and property, with the exception of the archbishopric of York, together with 1,000 pounds ready money, and 1,000 pounds worth of silver plate and common furniture; and he is left with a retinue suited to a prelate. Of all the rest of his other property, furniture and everything, he has been despoiled; the value of his silver vases and furniture amounting to 40,000 pounds, his ready money to 30,000 pounds, besides other jewels and household goods. The loss is very considerable for one single individual, most especially considering his habitual pomp; yet in a moment, and unexpectedly, he has lost everything, in truth a memorable example for such as believe worldly prosperity to be stable and true happiness. It remains to be seen what determination will be taken concerning him at the next Parliament, which commences on the 3rd of November. God grant that all may proceed prosperously.
London, 24th October. Registered by Sanuto, 18th November.
[Italian.]
Oct. 26. Original Letter Book, Letter no. 232, St. Mark's Library. 520. Gasparo Contarini to the Signory.
This morning, after mass, I had audience of the Pope.
I said to him, with regard to Ravenna and Cervia, that your Serenity's ambassadors told the King of France and Cardinal Wolsey that on his Holiness' release from the Castle [St. Angelo] the Signory would act in such a way as to satisfy him, but that perhaps as usual (come sol' aceader) the ambassadors exceeded the terms of their commission.
Bologna, 26th October 1529.
[Italian 6 pages.]
Oct. 28. Sanuto Diaries, v. lii. p. 254. 521. Lodovico Falier to the Signory.
Cardinal Wolsey has been deprived by the King of the Seal, which is given to Sir Thomas More, a most learned man; and his Majesty remains bent on the divorce from the Queen.
London, 28th October. Registered by Sanuto, 8th December.
[Italian.]
Oct. 31. Original Letter Book, Letter no. 235, St. Mark's Library. 522. Gasparo Contarini to the Signory.
Sir Gregory Casal tells me he has had a long conversation with the Pope about the affairs of your Highness, of the Duke of Ferrara, and of the Florentines, etc., and found him harsher than ever, for his Holiness said that should the Emperor not keep faith with him he will return to Rome immediately, and have the agreement (capitulatione) made with his Imperial Majesty printed, so that the world may know that he (the Pope) will have been, deceived by him (azo che tuti intendano che serà sta inganata da Ces).
Bologna, 31st October 1529.
[Italianpages.]

Footnotes

1 Cardinal Wolsey resigned the Great Seal into the hands of the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk at Michaelmas term 1529. (See Lingard's History of England, vol. iv. pp. 260–261. ed. London, 1854.) In the 7th volume of “State Papers,” p. 219, there is a footnote thus, “Wolsey was deprived of the Great Seal on the 18th,” (October) “and convicted of” praemunire on the 23rd.”
2 Qu., Sir Nicholas Carew and Dr. Richard Sampson,
3 Qu., George Boleyn and Dr. John Stokesley.