September 1582


Institute of Historical Research



Horatio F. Brown (editor)

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'Venice: September 1582', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 8: 1581-1591 (1894), pp. 42-44. URL: Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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September 1582

Sept. 1. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.104. Matheo Zane, Venetian Ambassador in Spain, to the Doge and Senate.
Don Pedro Pons, nephew of the Marquis of Santa Cruz, has brought to Lisbon news confirming the naval victory. He brings a full report. His Majesty at once went to church, and ordered processions, fireworks, and festivals. The Portuguese are ill content and show it. The ships taken or sunk do not amount to more than eight or ten.
Madrid, 1st September 1582.
Sept. 1. Copy of Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.105. Hieronimo Lippomano, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
Many days ago an Englishman appeared here, without declaring himself as agent for the Queen. Recently he has declared himself, and has presented in the Diet a paper complaining of certain dues imposed on English goods by Lubeck and other free cities. But his real mission is to spy out the Imperial policy, above all as regards Flanders.
Augsburg, 1st September 1582.
In the Despatch of September 3.106. Confession of Count of Vimioso, made two hours before he died.
* * * * * *
That the Queen of England favours Don Antonio; and has already named the commander of the ships she is about to send.
That forty ships will be raised by private individuals in England.
* * * * * *
In the Azores there are eight thousand Portuguese, and about one thousand two hundred French and English.
July 27, 1582.
Sept. 7. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.107. Matheo Zane, Venetian Ambassador in Spain, to the Doge and Senate.
It is not known what orders the King will give after this victory. But the Cardinal of Granvelle told me that, in his opinion, the Marquis would return to Spain, leaving some ships at St. Michel, The King of Spain is of opinion that the Queen-Mother of France will not fit out another Armada. The Queen of England, is more likely to support St. Michel.
Madrid, 7th September 1582.
[Italian; the part in italics deciphered.]
Sept. 7. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.108. Giovanni Mono, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
After many contradictory rumours comes the confirmation of Brisac's report that Don Antonio's fleet was defeated by the Spaniards, and Strozzi either dead or a prisoner. Don Antonio himself is at the Azores.
The Duke of Alençon has entered Ghent. Yesterday came the news that the King of Scotland, being at the chase, and returning to the house of a nobleman, was there seized and made prisoner by certain great nobles of the realm. This is believed to be the Queen of England's handiwork, who is not pleased that the Duke of Lennox, a Catholic, a Frenchman known first as D'Aubigny, should enjoy such authority with the King, for she fears that he may persuade the young Prince to introduce the Catholic religion and this she dreads above everything. Those who seized the King sought to arrest Lennox at the same time; he was in the Royal city and withdrew into the castle, which is very strong and well provisioned, where he is quite safe. It seems that the Scotch were displeased at the readiness with which their King had accepted presents from the Duke of Guise and returned them. A minister of their religion preached against the King, declaring that he held commerce with Catholics. For this the minister was expelled from the city and forbidden to preach. This caused great discontent to all of that religion, who attribute the King's conduct to Lennox.
Paris, 7th September 1582.
Sept. 8. Copy of Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.109. Hieronimo Lippomano, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
The Queen of England considering her position and the quarrel which Lubeck (fn. 1) and other maritime cities wished to raise against her on the score of the imposts on goods brought into England, sent her agent to present a complaint on her side.
The question was dealt with in the Diet under the title of Hanseatic League.
The capital represented is forty millions of gold a year, which is derived from the trade with England. Of this the Queen draws three millions.
The Queen has raised the duty from 5 p.c to 20 p.c.
The matter has been referred to a commission.
Augsburg, 8th September 1582.
Sept. 15. Copy of Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.110. Hieronimo Lippomano, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
As regards the commercial treaty with England, the free cities have agreed to appoint the Duke of Cleves and the Bishop of Liege as commissioners.
Arach is dealing with the other points and says that a decision will be reached in eight days.
Augsburg, 15th September 1582.
Sept. 21. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.111. Giovanni Moro, Venetian Ambassador in France, to the Doge and Senate.
Letters from England announce that the King of Scotland has issued a proclamation against the Duke of Lennox; but everyone believes that this step was the result of force rather than of free will.
Paris, 21st September 1582.
Sept. 22. Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.112. Leonardo Donato, Venetian Ambassador in Rome, to the Doge and Senate.
On the day of my audience full notice of the battle at the Azores had not arrived. His Holiness asked me what news I had. I replied that information from Spain represented the King as completely victorious; but the Lyons courier brings very different particulars. His Holiness said that Foix had told him last Sunday that the Queen of England had sent to congratulate the Queen-Mother on a victory.
Rome, 22nd September 1582.
Sept. 22. Copy of Original Despatch, Venetian Archives.113. Hieronimo Lippomano, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, to the Doge and Senate.
As regards the question of the Hanseatic League, the Queen of England has been invited to remove the heavy dues under the threat of a suspension of all commercial relations with England. The Duke of Cleves and the Bishop of Liege are charged to carry on all negotiations.
Augsburg, 22nd September 1582.


1 See Calendar, Domestic, 1581–1590, p. 27.