The Records of St. Bartholomew's Priory and St. Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfield: Volume 1. Originally published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1921.
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ROYAL CHARTERS AND LETTERS PATENT
Charter of Henry I dated at Westminster, A.D. 1133, in his 33rd year, granting to the church, to Rahere the prior, the canons regular, and to the poor of the hospital freedom from all earthly service, and peace to all coming to the fair.
Charter of the same king, the same date, and the same witnesses. It differs only slightly from No. 1 above, by calling the church the king's 'Demesne Chapel' and by saying that the king's faithful clerk Rahere had founded it for the use of regular canons. It omits reference to the poor of the hospital and to the church not having freedom from episcopal customs, but completes the sentence concerning the Fair. (fn. 1)
Henricus dei gratia Rex Anglorum et Dux Normannorum et Aquitannorum et Comes Andegavorum Archiepiscopis Episcopis Abbatibus Comitibus Baronibus Iusticiariis Vicecomitibus et omnibus ministris et fidelibus totius Anglie salutem Sciatis me concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse ecclesie Sancti Bartholomei de Lundonie et Canonicis regularibus ibidem deo seru(i)entibus in liberam et perpetuam elemosinam omnia subscripta que eis rationabiliter data sunt vel que imposterum rationabiliter adquirere potuerunt (fn. 2) dono sive empcione scilicet ex dono Henrici Regis aui mei locum de 'Smerefeld' in quo ecclesia eorum fundata est et domum hospitalem eiusdem ecclesie cum omnibus tenementis et pertinentiis suis quam Raherus fundator eiusdem ecclesie construxit ad vsus pauperum et infirmorum. Ex dono Rogeri Episcopi Saresburie ecclesiam Sancti Sepulchri de Balio cum decimis et pertinentiis suis infra Burgum et extra. Ex dono Hugonis Buisel medietatem ecclesie de Mentmore et hidam et dimidiam quicquid habeant in eadem parochia ex dono Walteri de Duni et partem quam Robertus de Cestresham de decima sua illis concessit apud Granam. Ex dono Roberti de Ramis ecclesiam Sancti Bartholomei de Tidulfuestre cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. Ex dono Rogeri de Ram' ecclesiam Sancti Laurentii de Stanmere cum pert(in)entiis suis et quicquid Willielmus de Ramis vel Adam Buchiunte vel comes Patricius vel Ela Comitissa illis in villa de Eggeswere et apud Tidulfuestre concesserunt. Ex dono Radulphi Trochet ecclesiam Sancti Martini de Pomerio. Ex dono eiusdem Radulphi medietatem ecclesie de Aldmarichirche. (fn. 3) Ex dono Comitis Willielmi de Mandeville medietatem ecclesie de Danningebere. Ex dono Gaufridi filii Ailwini medietatem ecclesie de Wannachester cum omnibus pertinentiis suis. Ex dono Atropii de Merc ecclesiam de Berdefeld cum pertinentiis. Ex dono Willelmi de Rames ecclesiam de Bradefeld cum (fn. 4) pertinentiis suis. Ex dono Gaufridi capellam Sancti Bartholomei de Wennachester cum pertinentiis suis. Ex dono Milonis de Verdun duas partes decime cum toto mobili de dominio suo de Oslakester. Ex dono Alani Dapiferi partem decime de dominio suo de Cherbuton. Ex dono Radulphi de Berners dimidiam hidam in Peltend. Ex dono eiusdem Radulphi decem solidatas in Iseldun. Ex dono Milonis de Verdun et Willielmi de Niueris duas Idas apud Sortegrave. Ex dono Oswardi quicquid habent in Maldona. Quicquid habent (fn. 5) in Laindon (fn. 6) (ex dono Roberti Lebel et ex dono Henrici Cawesuefes (fn. 7) et ex dono Cecilie filie Roberti Bloet et ex dono le fumi (fn. 8) Carbonarii et Gocsalini pessonarii (fn. 9). Preterea concedo eis et confirmo omnia alia que eis rationabiliter data sunt vel adquisita. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod ecclesia de Bartholomei de Lundonie et canonici eiusdem ecclesie habeant et teneant omnia prenominata et quelibet alia que eis rationabiliter data sunt vel adquisita cum omnibus pertinenciis suis in bosco et plano in pratis et pasturis in aquis et molindinis in piscariis et vivariis in viis et semitis et in omnibus aliis locis et aliis rebus ad ea pertinentibus bene et in pace libere et quiete plenarie et integre et honorifice cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus suis sicut carte donatorum suorum quas inde habent testantur. Testibus Ricardo Wynt', B. Elien', J. Norwyc', Episcopis, Ricardo de Luci Comite Alberico Simone de Bello Campo Gaufrido de Sai Gervasis de Canvilla apud Westmonasterium.
Henricus dei gratia Rex Anglie [or Anglorum] et Dux Normannorum et Aquitannorum et Comes Andegavie Archiepiscopis Episcopis Abbatibus Comitibus Baronibus Iusticiariis Vicecomitibus ministris et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglicanis salutem Sciatis me suscepisse ecclesiam sancti Bartholomei Lond' et Canonicos ibidem deo seruientes et omnes homines et res et terras eorum et possessiones sicut meos dominicos Canonicos et meas dominicas possessiones in manu et protecione et defensione mea contra omnes homines sicut coronam meam. Quare volo et firmiter precipio quod manuteneatis et custodiatis et protegatis predictam ecclesiam et Canonicos et omnes homines et res et terras et possessiones eorum sicut meas dominicales possessiones. Ita quod predictis Canonicis vel hominibus vel terris suis nullam iuiuriam vel molestatem aut gravamen faciendum vel ab aliquo fieri permit(t)atis prohibeo etiam super forisfacturam meam quod nullus siue clericus siue laicus de predicta ecclesia Sancti Bartholomei que est dominica Capella mea siue de possessionibus suis siue de hospitali eorum se intromittat nisi per bonam voluntatem prioris et Canonicorum eiusdem ecclesie set predicta domus hospitalis et omnia que ad ipsam domum pertinent sint in disposicione et ordinacione et subiecione prioris et Canonicorum predicte ecclesie sicut fuerunt eo tempore quo Raherus primus prior eiusdem ecclesie eam fundavit et sicut fuerunt tempore Henrici Regis Aui mei. Si quis vero predictam domum hospitalem ab ecclesia et subieccione prioris et Canonicorum separari voluerit ipse et omnia que ad ipsum pertinent in ius regale deveniant et fiat de eo sicut qui libertatem corone mee diminuere voluerit.
Charter of Henry II, dated Winchester in his 33rd year (1187), enumerates and confirms in frankalmoigne the grants made in the previous charter (No. 6 above) with many omissions, but with the following additions:
The 33rd year Hen. II is named in the roll as the date of the charter, but only a few lines are recited. (See pp. 101, 103.) Not printed here, as it follows closely the previous charter (No. 6) above.
Ricardus Dei gratia Rex Anglie Dux Normannie Aquitanie Comes Andegavie Archiepiscopis Episcopis Abbatibus Comitibus Baronibus Iusticiariis Vicecomitibus et omnibus ministris et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglis salutem Sciatis nos concessisse et hac carta nostra confirmasse Deo et Ecclesie beati Bartholomei Londonie que est dominica capella nostra et Canonicis nostris ibidem Deo servientibus omnes cartas et omnes donationes et libertates et liberas consuetudines quas H. Rex Anglie proavus noster et H. Rex Anglie pater noster predicte Ecclesie Sancti Bartholomei et Canonicis concesserunt et cartis suis confirmaverunt. Preterea concedimus eis pro amore Dei et salute nostri et antecessorum nostrorum et pro stabilitate regni nostri omnes terras et redditus suos tam ecclesiasticos quam laicos infra Civitatem Londonie et extra. infra burgum et extra. cum omnibus libertatibus et liberis consuetudinibus suis et quicquid tenuerunt tempore H. Regis patris nostri bene et in pace teneant sicut carta ipsius testatur. Et prohibemus ne Prior vel Canonici ponantur in placitum de aliquo tenemento suo quod tenent nisi coram nobis vel coram capitali iusticia nostra. Quare volumus et firmiter precipimus quod predicta Ecclesia Sancti Bartholomei et Canonici nostri hec omnia habeant et teneant bene et in pace libere et quiete integre et honorifice inperpetuum. Teste W. Elyensi Episcopo et Cancellario nostro apud Rothomagum xxiio die Marcii Regni nostri anno primo.
John by the Grace of God King of England Lord of Ireland Duke of Normandy & Aquitaine Earl of Anjou to the Archbishops, Bishops Abbots Earls Barons Justices Sheriffs Provosts Officers and to all his Bailiffs and faithful subjects Greeting. Know ye that we have taken the church of St. Bartholomew London and the canons therein serving God and all their men and tenants goods lands and possessions as being our Demesne canons and our Demesne possessions into our hand protection and defence against all men like our crown. Wherefore we will and strictly ordain that ye maintain and guard protect and defend the said church and the canons and all their men and tenants goods lands and possessions like our Demesne possessions so that ye do no injustice trouble or inconvenience to the aforesaid canons or their men or lands nor suffer such to be done by any person. We forbid moreover upon pain of forfeiture by us that any person whether clerk or layman shall interfere with the said church of St. Bartholomew, which is our Demesne Chapel, or its possessions or its hospital except by the good pleasure of the prior and canons of the same church but the aforesaid house of the hospital and all things which belong to the said house shall be in the rule order and governance of the prior and canons of the said church as they were at the time when Rahere the first prior of the said church founded it and as they were in the time of King Henry our great grandfather and King Henry our father. But if any shall desire to withdraw the said house of the hospital away from the said church and the rule of the prior and canons he and all that belong to him shall be amenable to our royal prerogative and it shall be done unto him as to one who shall desire to infringe the liberty of our crown. Know ye besides that we have granted and by our present charter have confirmed unto God and unto the said church of St. Bartholomew London which is as we have said our Demesne Chapel and unto our canons there serving God all the charters and all the gifts franchises and free customs which King Henry our great grandfather and King Henry our father have granted unto the said church and by their Charters have confirmed. Further we grant unto them for the love of God and for the salvation of the souls of us and our heirs all their lands and revenues as well Ecclesiastical as Lay within the city of London and without within borough and without together with all their franchises and free customs and whatsoever they held in the time of King Henry our father they shall well and peaceably hold. And we forbid that the prior or canons of the said church of St. Bartholomew be set to plead concerning any of their tenements which they hold save in presence of us. Wherefore we will and strictly ordain that the aforesaid church of Saint Bartholomew and the canons shall have and hold all these premises well and peaceably freely and quietly entirely and honorably for ever. As the charters of King Henry our father which they have from him sufficiently witness. These being witnesses—
H. Rex etc. salutem Noveritis nos intuitu Dei et pro salute anime nostre etc. concessisse et hac carta nostra confirmasse Ecclesie Sancti Bartholomei Londonie que est dominica capella nostra et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus ecclesiam de Gorleston et ecclesias Sancti Nicholai de Parva Iernemuth et de Lodewistoft et de Beleton que sunt de donacione nostra cum omnibus aliis pertinentiis decimis ouentionibus (fn. 10) et omnibus aliis rebus ad predictas ecclesias pertinentibus habendas et tenendas de nobis et heredibus nostris eisdem Canonicis et successoribus suis in liberam puram et perpetuam elemosinam ad eorum sustentationem Quare volumus etc. quod predicti Canonici et eorum successores habeant et teneant de nobis et heredibus nostris predictas ecclesias cum omnibus pertinentiis decimis ouentionibus et omnibus aliis rebus ad easdem ecclesias pertinentibus bene et in pace libere quiete et integre sicut predictum est et sicut carta H. Regis avi H. Regis avi nostri et confirmatio ipsius H. Regis avi nostri et R. Regis avunculi nostri quas ipsi Canonici inde habent rationabiliter testantur Hiis testibus H. de Burgh etc. H. de Sedgrave R. de Gray Johannes filius Philippi Data apud Roffa . . . xiii die Septembris.
'Henry by the Grace of God King of England Lord of Ireland Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine and Earl of Anjou to the Archbishops Bishops Abbots Priors Earls Barons Justices Foresters Sheriffs Provosts Officers and all Bailiffs and faithful subjects of his Greeting.
Know ye that we for the salvation of our own soul and of the souls of our predecessors and our heirs have granted and by this our Charter have confirmed unto our beloved in Christ the prior and canons of the church of St. Bartholomew of Smethfeld in the suburbs of London all the gifts and grants hereunder written to wit of the gift of Henry the first, King of England the place in Smethfeld wherein the said church of S. Bartholomew has been built with the hospital of the poor of the same church; of the gift of the same King Henry the church of St. Nicholas of Little Yarmouth with other churches and chapels in Luddingland; of the gift of Roger sometime Bishop of Sarum the church of the Holy Sepulchre of the Bailiwick of London with its appurtenances within borough and without; of the gift of Hugh Bussell the moiety of the church of Mentmore; of William son of Milo the other moiety of the same church. Of the gift of Robert de Ramis the chapel of St. Bartholomew of Tydulnestre. Of the gift of Roger de Ramis the church of St. Lawrence of Stanmere. Of the gift of William de Bosco the church of Teydene. Of the gift of William Earl of Mandeville a moiety of the church of Danigbere. Of the gift of Geoffrey son of Ailwin a moiety of the church of Wennakexton. Of the gift of William de Ramis the church of Bradfield. Of the gift of Ralph Tricket the church of St. Martin Pomeroy. Of the gift of G. sometime Bishop of London the church of St. Michael Bassingshaw. Further we grant and by his own charter we confirm unto the same prior and canons that they shall have and hold all the gifts and grants hereunder written to wit all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in the vill of Islington of the fee of Ralph de Berniers and all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in Idulnestre of the fee of William sometime Earl of Sarum. And all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in Little Stanmere and Bradesend of the fee and of the gift of William de Ramis and all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in the vill of Shenle of the gift and the fee of Adam son and heir of Ellis de Somery and of Saier (Saerii) son of Henry and all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in the vill of Mentmore of the fee of Ralph Lepoer and of Walter son of Hugh Bussell of Nicholas le Dun and of Richard of Idebure and all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in Langley of the fee of Robert son of Roger and of John son of Robert of the manor of Clavering and all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in the vill of Twying of the gift of Alexander of Swereford sometime Treasurer of S. Paul's London of the fee of Godfrey of Twying son of Richard of Twying and of John son of John son of Vitalis with the advowson of the church of the same vill and all the lands and rent with their appurtenances which they hold in the vill of Hertford Amwell and Lockley of the gift of the said Alexander of Swereford and all the lands and rents with their appurtenances which they hold in the vill of Shortgrave of the fee of Henry de Merk and of William de Verdon. Wherefore we will and strictly enjoin for ourselves and our heirs that the said prior and canons and their successors for ever shall have and hold all the lands and tenements aforesaid together with the churches and chapels and the advowsons of the same and all other their appurtenances well and peaceably freely and quietly together with all franchises and free customs unto all the premises belonging and that the house of the Hospital of St. Bartholomew of Smethfeld aforesaid and all things that belong to the same house shall be in the rule ordinance and governance of the said prior and canons of St. Bartholomew as the charters of the Lord King John our father and of King Henry the First and as the charters of the aforesaid benefactors and grantors which they have concerning the aforesaid gifts and grants more fully and reasonably bear witness These being witnesses the venerable father Aymer Bishop elect of Winton Besham of Crioll John de Grey John de Lessington Peter Chaceport Archdeacon of Wells Master William de Kilkenner Archdeacon of Coventry Henry de Wenham Bartholomew Pecche William de Grey William of St. Ermine and others Given by our own hand at Wynton on the fifteenth day of June in the thirty-seventh year of our reign.'
Charter of Edward II, dated at Westminster, 10 June, in his 17th year (1324); an Inspeximus for both the p. and c. and the m. and b. of the hospital, of the charter 18 Edward I (No. 18 above) (see above, p. 161).
Letter Patent of Edward III, dated at Westminster, 2 July, in his 38th year (1364). A protection to merchants coming to the Fair. It is fully set out in the Calendar of the Patent Rolls of that year, p. 524 (see above, p. 298).
Letter Patent of Edward III, dated at Westminster, 15 July, in his 38th year (1364); granting an exemption to the prior of Smythefeld and other lords who have fairs in the suburbs from an ordinance restricting the use of the mystery of drapery in the city to those who had been apprenticed therein.
Letters Patent of Henry VI, dated at Westminster, 8 June, in his 2nd year (1424); an Inspeximus by advice and assent of the lords spiritual and temporal in the Parliament held at Westminster in the king's first year, to the prior and canons, of letters patent, 7 Henry V (No. 24 above) (see above, p. 209).
Letters Patent of Henry VI, dated at Westminster, 30 December, in his 19th year (1440); relieving the p. and c. from the collection and levying of tenths and fifteenths and making them immune in case of non-payment (see above, p. 212).
Letters Patent of Edward IV, dated at Westminster, 15 November, in his 5th year (1465); Inspeximus and confirmation to the p. and c. and to the m. and b. of the hospital, of the charter 6 Richard II (No. 23 above) (see above, p. 214).
A Charter of Henry VII, dated at Westminster, on the 7 October, in his 5th year (1489); a charter of confirmation to the p. and c. and to the m. and b. of the hospital of the Letters Patent 5 Edward IV (No. 28 above) (see above, p. 220).
It occurs in an exemplification of its enrolment at the request of Robert Lord Rich, 25 Elizabeth, 14 May (1583). (It is entered in Lord Holland's cartulary, f. 123, but we have been unable to find where it has been enrolled.)