BHO

Plea Rolls for Staffordshire: 20 Edward I

Pages 204-211

Staffordshire Historical Collections, Vol. 6 Part 1. Originally published by Staffordshire Record Society, London, 1885.

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Banco Roll, Hillary, 20 E. I.

Staff. Richard son of Hervey de Stretton sued Richard son of Richard de Stretton for a messuage, and ten acres of land and ten acres of wood in Stretton, of which Richard de Stretton his grandfather (whose heir he is) had been seised as of fee when he died.

Richard son of Richard denied that Richard the grandfather had died seised of the tenements, because long before his death he had enfeoffed him of them, and he appealed to a jury. The Sheriff is ordered to summon a jury for the Octaves of Trinity. m. 1.

Staff. Robert de Knygtele gives 40s. for license of concord with Richard son of Hervey de Stretton. (fn. 1) m. 2.

Staff. Adam le Dun sued Magister Henry le Keu of Hambury (Hanbury), and Henry his son for a messuage and thirty-five acres of land and twenty acres of meadow in Cotene, Hambury, and Unenhull (Houndhill), in which they have no entry except by Laurence le Keu of Cotene, the father of Adam (whose heir he is), and who had demised it to them for a term now expired. The defendants appeared and took exception to the writ because neither Cotene, nor Hambury, nor Uvenhull was a vill or borough, but members of the vill of Marchinton. Adam stated they were vills, and appealed to a jury, which is to be summoned for the Octaves of Trinity (nisi Justiciarii prius. etc.). m. 19.

Staff. Lincoln. In the suit of Olive widow of Hamond fitz Philip versus the Abbot of Humberstan for dower in Humberstan, John son of John fitz Philip appeared and warranted the land to the Abbot, and stated that Hamond was not seised of it as of fee, and therefore could not endow Olive out of it. A Lincolnshire jury to be summoned for three weeks from Easter. m. 48.

Staff. The Sheriff of Northamptonship is ordered to levy 20 marks from the lands of Richard fitz John, damages adjucated against him in the suit of John Gyffard of Chylington in a plea of quod acquietaret. m. 56.

Staff. In the suit of Robert Gaunsil versus the Abbot of Crokesdene for a messuage and four bovates of land in Doggechedule, the Abbot had made default at Michaelmas Term, and the tenement had been taken into the King's hands. Robert now appeared and claimed the tenement by the Abbot's default; and the Abbot came and denied the summons, and offered to wage his law. He was therefore to appear with his compurgators at the Quindene of Michaelmas, 20 E. 1. m. 63.

Staff. In the suit of Joan the widow of William de Caverswell for dower in Caverswelle and other places, Richard appeared to his summons and conceded the dower claimed. The Sheriff to make inquiry into the damages. m. 133.

Staff. The suit of Petronilla widow of Richard de Morton versus John de Grendale (sic, Grendon) is dismissed, Petronilla not appearing. m. 186.

Staff. Matilda the widow of William Declinge sued Roger de Somery for half (sic) of three carucates of land, and twenty acres of wood and moor, and thirty acres of meadow in Rouleye (Rowley Regis); and she sued eight other tenants in the same vill for half of their respective tenancies as her dower. None of the defendants appeared, and are to be summoned for three weeks from Easter, and the dower claimed to be taken into the King's hands. m. 133. dorso.

Warw. Roger the Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield was commanded to levy 100s. from the ecclesiastical goods of Magister Adam de Bodington, damages adjudicated against Adam at the suit of Robert de Akovere and Alice his wife for carrying on a plea against them in Court Christian respecting the advowson of the third part of the Church of Franketon, against the King's prohibition. And the Bishop had done nothing. He is therefore commanded as before, and to pay the money into Court at the Quindene of Easter. m. 94, dorso.

Staff. The Sheriff having been ordered to arrest Sir William Bagot, Knight, and keep him in safe custody till he paid a debt of 34 marks owing to Philip de Belnaco, returned non est inventus, a writ of scire facias issued returnable at three weeks from Easter. m. 66.

Staff. Richard de Rodeyerd sued Richard the Abbot of Deulacres for a messuage and ten acres of land, three of meadow, and thirty acres of wood in Nether Tetesworth, in which the Abbot had no entry except through Thomas de Rodyerd the father of Richard, who had demised the tenements to him for a term now expired. The Abbot stated he entered through Ralph formerly Earl of Chester, and not through Thomas, and appealed to a jury, which is to be summoned for the Quindene of Trinity. m. 52, dorso.

Salop. Walter de Hopton sued Walter de Beauchamp for an illegal distress at Wemme in 18 E. I.; and Walter de Beauchamp stated the lands and tenements there formerly belonged to Gauwyn le Boteler, and after the death of Gauwyn came into seisin of the King by reason of the minority of William the brother and heir of Gauwyn; and the King had granted the custody of them to John de Bretagne, and John had transferred the custody to him, and because complaints had been made that Walter de Hopton had taken away from Wemme Castle many arms, viz., four steel suits (coopertoria ferrea), and four gorgets of steel, a suit of mail (lorica cum tenâ et maniculis), and several other arms, and even ornaments from the Chapel and all which ought to have remained in the Castle as part of the furniture of the Castle, and the friends of the heir having sued Walter de Hopton for the goods abstracted by him, the Court, after many contumacies, had issued a writ of distringas.

Walter de Hopton denied that he had been distrained by the authority of a court of law, and appealed to a jury, which is to be summoned for the Octaves of Trinity. m. 9, dorso.

Coram Rege Roll, Hillary, 20 E. I.

Staff. Cecilia formerly wife of Roger de Narwedale appealed John de Narewedale for the death of Robert her husband; and he did not appear, and the Sheriff had been ordered to attach the said John by his body according to the law of England, and the Sheriff returned that he had been bailed by Hugh de Werselowe, Thomas de Peverwych of Narewedale, and four others named. They are therefore in misericordiâ, and the Sheriff is ordered to attach the said John, and to produce him at three weeks from Easter. m. 23, dorso.

Staff. The King by Richard de Brettevile and Philip de Montegomery, sued Richard son of Hugh de Loges, who had been called to warranty by Richard son of Richard de Loges, for the manor of Rodbaston, in which the said Richard son of Richard had no entry except by Richard son of Hugh, who had intruded himself into it after the death of the said Hugh to whom King Henry the King's father had demised it for the life of Hugh, and which after his death should have reverted to the King. And Richard son of Hugh appeared to his warranty and stated that the King had never been in seisin of the manor as of fee and right, that Hugh his father had entered into it by hereditary right, and his ancestors from time out of memory had held it, and that Hugh his father had held the said manor and the Bailiwick of the Forestership of Kannock of the King, and that King Henry on account of a transgression of the said Hugh had taken the manor into his hands together with the said bailiwick, but not as a forfeiture, and that the King had afterwards given back to the said Hugh his status in the manor for a fine of £100, which he paid to the Exchequer.

And the said Richard and Philip stated for the King, that the manor of Rodbaston was appurtenant to the Bailiwick of the Forestership of Kannock, and that the said Richard had, Coram Rege, in 55 H. III. acknowledged that Hugh his father had been deprived of the forestership, and they offered to prove this by a jury. The Sheriff is therefore commanded to summon a jury of twenty-four Knights and others of the vicinage for three weeks from Easter. A postscript states that on the Tuesday after the Feast of St. Lawrence the Martyr at Lychefeld in this year, the said Philip who sued for the King appeared before Roger le Brabanzon and Reginald de Legh, and likewise Richard son of Hugh, and a jury stated that one Margaret Crok (fn. 2) formerly held the manor of Rodbaston by Serjeanty of the King's ancestor for the custody of the Forest of Kanok, and that the said manor was appurtenant to the Forest ab antiquo, and that Margaret was in ward to King John, who married her to one Hugh de Loges his Butler (Botilario suo); and Hugh had issue by her Hugh de Loges the father of the said Richard; who after the death of the said Hugh and Margaret held it with the said bailiwick; and that the said Hugh in the time of King Henry the King's father had taken a stag in the said bailiwick, and was indicted for it before John Byset the Justice Itinerant of the Forest; and he was convicted and put into prison, and the said manor and Forestership were taken into the King's hands as a forfeiture; and that King Henry was seised of the said manor as of fee and of right for a year and a day, and that one Thomas the Earl (of Warwick) afterwards stood bail for Hugh to produce him before the King's parliament, at which parliament the said Hugh appeared and made fine with the King for £100; and the King retained the bailiwick but gave up the said tenements to Hugh, and a writ was issued addressed to John Byset to retain in his hands the said bailiwick, and to deliver to Hugh seisin of the said tenements, and this was done according to the tenor of the writ.

Upon this a day was given to all the parties to hear judgment on the morrow of All Souls, on which day the parties appeared, and one Elizabeth the wife of Richard son of Richard came and stated she was enfeoffed conjointly with Richard her husband of the said tenements, and she produced a deed to that effect, and stated she was so enfeoffed at the date of the writ, viz., 10th July, 18 E. I., and that the said Richard her husband had ficte defended her right, and he wished by collusion and by the enervationem of her right to lose the said tenements, and she prayed that she might be admitted to defend her right according to the form of the Statute, and she gave security to answer to the King for the produce of the said manor for the half-time (medio tempore), and to make no waste therein, by Ralph Basset of Draycote (sic, Drayton), Knight, who stood bail for her; and because the Justices were unwilling to proceed in the matter of admitting Elizabeth into the process without the presence of Philip de Montegomeri who sued for the King, a day was given to her at the Octaves of Hillary, on which day the parties appeared and a day was given to them at the Quindene of Easter; and the Sheriff was commanded that if the said Philip was in prison to cause him to appear in safe custody at the said term, and if he was out of prison to summon him to appear by two freemen, etc., on which day Philip de Montegomeri came out of prison by command of the King, and Elizabeth and Richard son of Hugh de Loges likewise appeared, and Philip stated that notwithstanding the deed which Elizabeth produced, Richard her husband had entered alone into the said manor and had had seisin of it until now without Elizabeth having any other status in it than that of a wife living with her husband. Elizabeth appealed to a jury, which was summoned for the Octaves of Trinity, and William Tromwyne, Robert de Knitelee, Knights, and Michael de Morton, Roger de Playford, Robert de Wiston, and Adam de Marlowe, the witnesses named in the deed, were summoned for the same date ad certificandum. Afterwards at the Quindene of St. Michael, 21 E. I, the parties appeared, and twelve jurymen made up of the witnesses to the deed and other Knights, etc., stated that Richard son of Richard and Elyzabeth his wife were conjointly enfeoffed of the said manor at the date the writ was sued out; the suit therefore, so far as the present writ is concerned, is dismissed, and Richard de Breteville is told to sue for the King by another writ. m. 19 dorso.

Staff. Elias de Tynchwyk, Henry de Hunhull, John Grym, William Basset, (fn. 3) Richard Pes, Benedict la Warde, Robert Kynge, Henry Hentas, and three others named, were attached to answer to the King, that after the death of William de Kareswelle the lord of the Castle of Kareswelle (Caverswall), they had impeded William de la More the subeschaetor of the King in co. Stafford from entering the said Castle and taking it into the hands of the King according to the command given to him by the King, so that the mandate of the King could not be executed, to the contempt of the King, etc.

Elias and the other defendants appeared and denied they had impeded the subeschaetor as stated, and appealed to a jury; and the Sheriff was ordered to summon a jury of twenty-four for three weeks from Easter. And Theobald de Verdun, Simon Basset, and Ralph Basset stood bail for the defendants to produce them at the said term; and William Basset afterwards appeared and acknowledged that he was present at the disturbance, and offered 100s. for his release from prison (pro redemptione corporis sui) by the pledge of John de Hastingge; and reference is to be made meanwhile to the King (et interim loquendum est cum Domino Rege). And the King accepted the said fine. A postscript adds that at the Quindene of Michaelmas. 21 E. I., the defendants excepting Henry Hentas appeared, and Richard de Breteville appeared for the King; and William Tromwyne, John de Herunville, Benedict de Botredon, William de Chetelton, William Poterel, Peter de Jonestone, Thomas de Wytinton, William de Moseleye, Robert Gervase, Richard de la Bolde, Robert de Okovere, and Robert de Kneytleye, twelve jurors appeared and stated that William de Caveswell, who died about the Feast of St. Swithin, 20 E. I., held the said Castle of Careswelle of Theobald de Verdun in capite on the day he died; and after his death the said Theobald sent the said Elias and the others to take seisin of the castle in his name as capital lord, saving the rights of others; and he did this principally because the Earl of Arundel was about to take possession of the castle; and William de Mere, the subeschaetor of the King, came to take the said castle into the King's hands; and Elias and the others who were then in the castle told the subeschaetor they would willingly permit him to enter into the castle and to remain there with the men of the said Theobald, but William refused to stay there unless Elyas and the others left the castle, and they then asked the subeschaetor for a delay of three days that they might communicate with the said Theobald, which the subeschaetor conceded; and then the said Elias, Henry de Hunhull and Ralph de Oldrugge departed from the castle, and did not come back to it; and Elias on his departure said to John Grym and the others who remained in the castle that it would not be right to hold the castle against the subeschaetor when he came back, and Theobald on hearing of the matter sent word to those remaining in the castle that they were to permit the eschaetor to enter, and take seisin in the name of the King, so long as one of them remained there in his name, and he did this out of fear of the arrival of the Earl of Arundel, and not in derogation of the King's right. And at the end of the three days the eschaetor came back to the castle and wished to take it into the hands of the King, and John Grym and the others who remained in the castle told him that he could freely enter and take possession so long as one of them remained with him in the name of Theobald (the rest is totally illegible from wear and tear). m. 1, dorso.

Coram Rege Roll, Easter, 20 E. I.

Staff. Richard de Pres sued Gilbert de Crosford, Hugh son of Agnes de Salt, and Hugh son of Peter de Salt for beating, wounding and illtreating him at Hopton on the Saturday before the Feast of the Purification, 20 E. I., so that his life was despaired of. Gilbert appeared and denied the injury, and appealed to a jury, which is to be summoned for the Octaves of Trinity. The others to be attached to appear at the same time. m. 4.

Staff. Writ of fieri facias to levy 20s. from the lands and chattels of Elena widow of Walter de Rydewarehamstal owing to John de Cave, part of a yearly payment she was bound to render to him by a recognizance made in Court 19 E. I. (fn. 4) m. 13.

Coram Rege Roll, Michaelmas, 20—21 E. I.

Warw. Magister Adam de Bodyngdon was sued by Robert de Okovere and Alice his wife in a plea that against the King's prohibition he had sued them in Court Christian respecting the advowson of the third part of the Church of Fraunketon. The pleadings state that Ralph de Fraunketon formerly patron had conveyed the manor of Fraunketon to one Roger de Elmhale the brother of Alice; and Roger afterwards conveyed it to Ralph and Alice who was then wife of the said Ralph. A verdict had been given in Banco at Easter, 18 E. I., in favour of Robert and Alice, damages 100s., but the proceedings being moved into this Court by writ of error were quashed, and Robert and Alice were ordered to refund the 100s. m. 39.

Banco Roll, Michaelmas, 20 E. I.

Staff. Writ from the King, commanding the suit of the King versus John son of John fitz Philip to be removed and heard before the next Parliament after Easter. m. 6.

Staff. The Prior of St. Thomas outside Stafford appeared by attorney against Robert de Bek the son (fn. 5) of Richard de Draycote in a plea that he should warrant to him a messuage and a rent of 2s. in Tene and Chekkeleye and the advowson of the Church of Chekkeleye which he holds and claims to hold of him, and for which he has the deed of Richard de Draycote the father of Robert, whose heir he is. Robert did not appear, and is to be attached for the Octaves of Hillary. m. 52.

Staff. William son of Adam de Chetewynd appeared against John son of John fitz Philip, Roes Pantulf of Cublesdon, and Robert Burnell the Bishop of Bath and Wells in a plea that the said John should warrant to him the third of a messuage, a carucate of land, and fifteen acres of wood in Berleweston (Barlaston), and in a plea that Roes should warrant to him a third of a messuage and fifteen acres of heath in Cubleston, and that the Bishop should warrant to him a third of a rent of 16 marks in Hilderston, which Joan formerly wife of John de Chetewynd claimed as dower in this Court. The Sheriff returned the writ reached him too late, and another day is given to the parties at the Quindene of St. Martin. m. 71.

Staff. Robert Bek was summoned by Margaret Trussel in a plea that he should permit her to present a fit person to the Church of Chekelegh, which is vacant, and of which the advowson belongs to her; and she stated that one Gilbert Bek held the manor of Tene to which the advowson of the Church of Chekelegh is appurtenant; and Gilbert presented to the Church one Robert his Clerk, who was admitted and instituted in the time of King Henry the King's father, and after the death of Gilbert the third part of the manor excepting the advowson of the Church was assigned in dower to one Alianora formerly wife of Gilbert, and two parts of the manor and the advowson of the Church remained to Gilbert the son and heir of Gilbert, and the advowson of the Church of Tene was assigned to Alianora in dower in allocation of her dower in the advowson of the Church of Chekelegh; and Gilbert the son, who was formerly husband of Margaret, died without leaving issue; and after his death one Robert entered into the two parts of the manor as uncle and heir of Gilbert, and Robert assigned to Margaret in dower a third part of two parts of the said manor together with a third part of the advowson of the Church of Chekelegh; and Robert the uncle presented to the Church one Geoffrey his Clerk in the time of King Henry, who was admitted and instituted; and after the death of Robert the uncle, one Lettice succeeded to him as daughter and heir, who was under age and in ward to William Wyther, and who as custos in the name of the heir presented to the Church one Roger his Clerk in the time of the present King, and who was admitted and instituted; and after whose death the Church became vacant; and as the heirs of Gilbert had twice presented to the Church, it now pertained to her by reason of her dower to make the next presentation, and the said Robert impeded her from making it, and for which she claimed £100 as damages.

Robert Bek stated that a third part of the manor of Tene was assigned to Alianora formerly wife of Gilbert as her dower without any exception, and Alianora survived Gilbert her son and held the said third part as dower on the day that Gilbert her son died, and this he was prepared to prove, and he prayed for judgment whether Margaret by reason of holding in dower the third part of two parts of the said manor, to which manor the whole of the advowson is appurtenant, could claim to present. Margaret appealed to a jury, which is to be summoned for the Octaves of St. Martin. m. 115.

Staff. Geoffrey de Gresley is in misericordiâ for various defaults. The said Geoffrey was summoned by Roger son of Ralph de Aston in a plea that he should warrant to him nineteen acres of land in Huttesdon (Hixon) which he holds of him, and for which he has his deed, and he stated that one Robert son of John having sued him for the tenements in 19 E. I. before Reginald de Legh and Hugh de Cave at Tamworth, the said Geoffrey had refused to warrant them to him, and for which he claimed 40s. as damages. Geoffrey now appeared and acknowledged the claim to warranty, and is in misericordiâ because he had at first disputed it. m. 212.

Staff. Emma formerly wife of Bertram de Burgo appeared against William Bagot in a plea that he should warrant to her forty acres of land, and half of three acres of wood in Legh near Bylington, which Roger son of Milisent claimed. William did not appear, and the Sheriff is ordered to summon him for a month from Easter. m. 274.

Staff. The Prior of Runton (Ranton) appeared against Adam son of Adam de Brumpton and Mary his wife in a plea that they should permit him to take timber for the repair of his mill at Horslowe. The defendants did not appear, and the Sheriff is ordered to produce them at the Quindene of Easter. m. 296.

Staff. The suit between Geoffrey de Chamvill and Richard de Venun sic (Vernon) for two and a half acres of meadow in Clifton Chamvill is to remain sine die, because Richard is in prison at Appelby in co. Westmerland. m. 307.

Cancia, Oxon., Salop., Staff., Heref. Magister Robert de Fileby was summoned by the executors of the will of Magister Adam de Fileby in a plea that he should render to them an account for the time he was bailiff of the said Adam in Estcote, Erdington, Underdon, Berstonesham, Stafford, and other places named; and the executors stated that Robert had been Adam's bailiff at Estcote in co. Oxon, which was worth £40 annually, and in Erdinton co. Salop, worth 20 marks, and for the Archdeaconry of Salop, worth £30, and for the prebend of Berstonesham, co. Hereford, worth £20, and in Brochampton in the same county, worth 100s., and in the manor of Wolvinehop in the same county, worth £30, and in the manor of Upton in the same county, worth 6 marks, and in Retyr in the same county, worth 8 marks, and in the prebend of Merston, and two carucates of land in Wytegrave in co. Stafford, worth 10 marks annually, and in the Church of the Castle of Stafford, worth 40 marks, and in the mills of Henry Wymer (fn. 6) in the same county, worth 40 marks, and in the prebend of Philip le Power in Stafford, worth 100s., and in the prebends of John de la Rye and Henry de Mallyng in the same vill worth 8 marks and in the prebend of Ralph de Oxonia in the same vill, worth 4 marks, and in the prebend of the Deanery of Stafford in the same vill, worth 8 marks, from the Feast of St. Michael, 10 E. I., until the same Feast in 14 E. I.

Magister Robert appeared and denied he had been bailiff of Magister Adam at the places named, and appealed to a jury. The Sheriff of each county specified is ordered to summon a jury for the Quindene of Easter. m. 386, dorso.

Staff. Robert de Bek sued Richard de Draycote for causing waste and destruction in the inheritance of Robert in Tene, which Richard holds by the courtesy of England. Richard did not appear, and is to be attached for three weeks from Easter. m. 197, dorso.

Staff. Margery Trussel was summoned by Richard de Draycote in a plea that she impeded his presentation to the Church of Checkelegh. Richard stated that one Gilbert Bek held the manor of Tene to which the advowson was appurtenant, to whom succeeded Gilbert his son and heir, after whose death Robert entered as uncle and heir, and presented to the Church one Geoffrey his Clerk in the reign of King Henry the King's father, who was admitted and instituted; and to him succeeded Letitia as his daughter and heir, who was under age and in ward to William Wyther, who presented one Roger in the name of the said Lettice in the reign of the present King, who was admitted and instituted; and at whose death the Church became vacant; and he claimed that the presentation belonged to him because he had married the said Lettice and had had children by her, and he now holds the said tenements by the courtesy of England. (fn. 7)

Margaret Trussel denied Richard's right to present, and pleaded as in her previous suit against Robert de Bek. The case was adjourned to the Octaves of St. Martin, on which day all the parties to the various suits appeared in Court, and Margaret and the Prior and Robert conceded that Richard de Draycote should present hac vice, and Richard gave to the King 40s., and a mandate was sent to the Bishop quod non obstante, etc.; and upon this the said William Wyther and Orabella his wife appeared and stated that they held the fourth part of the manor of Tene to which the advowson was appurtenant as dower of the said Orabilla, and claimed their turn to present; therefore as to that matter let it be allocated to her so far as right, etc. (ideo quo ad hoc allocetur ei quod de jure, etc.). m. 115, dorso.

Footnotes

  • 1. By this fine Richard acknowledged a messuage, one hundred acres of land, and other tenements in Rudelowe, Rudyorde, Wynynton, Mucleston, and Walton to be the right of Robert and his heirs. (Fine No. 106, Staffordshire.)
  • 2. It will be seen that the jury confound the two Margarets: Margaret Croc, the sister of William Croc who was Chief Forester temp. Hen. II., married Robert de Broc, and Robert's daughter and heir Margaret married Hugh de Loges. This took place in 7 Ric., and not temp. John, as stated by the jury. See Pipe Roll of 7 Ric. I., p. 45, Vol. II., "Staff. Coll." and the "Testa de Nevill," under Warwickshire.
  • 3. This name is scored out.
  • 4. The original convention was made at Michaelmas, 16 E. I.; see ante.
  • 5. See note on p. 211.
  • 6. Henry Wymer, junior, married Agnes de Phileby, no doubt a near relative of the Archdeacon. See note at p. 114 of this volume. In another suit Robert is summoned to answer as bailiff of Adam in the prebend of de la Cupe in co. Essex, worth 30 marks annually, and in Little Malden, worth £30 annually, and in Witham, worth 30 marks, and in five prebends in Godmestre, and in many other places. These suits illustrate strongly the prevalent abuse of pluralities.
  • 7. That the reader may understand this very complicated story of the descent of the manors of Hopton and Tean, it must be explained that according to Chetwynd, who wrote after examining the Tean charters in the seventeenth century, Lettice the daughter and heiress of Robert de Bek married a cousin of the same name, and was mother of another Robert de Bek. She afterwards married Richard de Draycote, who had also issue by her, and consequently held the manors of Tean and Hopton after her death by the courtesy of England. When Robert de Bek is styled heir of Richard de Draycote, as in the suit at p. 208, the meaning is, that he would inherit after the death of Richard, and not that he was heir of blood. This curious mediæval right of the husband of a deceased heiress to retain the inheritance of the heir for his life, led to much ill-blood, and it is not surprising to find therefore that Richard de Draycote died by foul means shortly after this date. Agnes his widow was tried for his murder at the assizes of 21 E. I., but was acquitted. It will be seen that the notes to the "Liber Niger" relative to these manors in Vol. I. "Staff. Coll." require correction.