The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 6. Originally published by W Bristow, Canterbury, 1798.
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ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO VOLUME V.
PAGE 106, last line but four. Since Mr. Style's having quitted the vicarage of Watringbury it has been inhabited by several different tenants. Admiral Gambier lately resided in it, and since the Rev. Dr. Foster, who is the present occupier of it.
PAGE 162. THE MANOR OF LODDINGFORD, called in antient deeds Laddingford, extends over a considerable part of the parishes of Brenchley and Mereworth, taking its name from the little stream called Ladding, which rising under Brenchley hill leads through some space of country, and then falls into the Medway at Twyford bridge, about a mile above which there was formerly a ford, though now there is a small stone bridge; from this ford the manor took its name. From Fane this manor was alienated to one of the family of the Austen's, baronets, of Tenterden and Bexley, a younger son of whom, John Austen, esq. of Bexley, grandson of the first baronet, became possessed of it, whose coheir Elizabeth gave it by will to her near relation Mrs. Piggot, one of the sisters of that Sir Robert Austen, bart. who died in 1743, and then the wife of Richard Symes, esq. of Mount Pleasant, in Bexley, whose only daughter and heir entitled her husband Granado Pigott, of Abington Pigotts, in Cambridgeshire, an estate which he inherited by direct lineal descent from his ancestor Picottus, one of those who attended the Conqueror from Normandy, and had this estate afterwards granted to him. Mr. Pigott left an only daughter Mary, who at length became his heir, and marrying the Rev. William Foster, D.D. now of Watringbury, he is in her right the present possessor of this manor.
PAGE 197, line 12. In this borough there is A SCHOOL, which was founded and endowed by a Mr. Holmes, with 30l. per annum, for a schoolmaster to instruct poor children, from the age of six to twelve years, to read and write. By him it was devised in trust to the celebrated Mr. Westley, by whom it was at his death consigned to trustees, who visit it annually, so that it is both a school and a Methodist meetinghouse, and entirely under the patronage of that sect, and I am informed, that the schoolmaster must be a Methodist teacher, otherwise not eligible by the trustees.
PAGE 224, line 8. The Rev. Thomas Harvey, of Redlease, married Amelia, daughter of John Bacheler, esq. of Hackney, deceased; William-Thomas married Anne, daughter of Mr. Staples, of Tatisfield, deceased; Charlotte is unmarried; Sophia married the Rev. Cayley Illingworth, of Scampton, in Lincolnshire; and Frances married Mr. Bartholomew Brown, of the India-house.
PAGE 218, line 21. After 1792, dele that line and the four following ones, and read thus:—After his death in 1792, this among other estates devolved to Sir Richard-VanderBempde Johnson, bart. of Hackness, in Yorkshire, he having been so created on July 6, 1795, the son of the Marchioness of Annadale, by her second husband, and he is the present possessor of it, and this I believe, &c.
Line 24. THE HOUSE begun to be built by Mr. Hooker, is situated close to the eastern side of the tower, at the great gateway of the castle, it fronts the south, looking over the area of the castle. It was, with the castle, settled in marriage on William-Francis Woodgate, esq. by his father William Woodgate, esq. the purchaster of it, and he now resides in it.
PAGE 238. There are TWO MORE MANORS in this parish, besides those above described, one in the northern part of it, midway between Hilden and Shipborne, the proper name of which is TILNEY'S LODGE, but now most commonly Horn's lodge, being one of the lodges once belonging to the North Frith chase; it belonged some years since to John Smith, esq. from whom it descended to his son Mathew Smith, esq. of the tower of London, the present owner of it. The other, called NONSUCH MANOR, is situated on the opposite side of this parish, a little beyond Southborough and the 23d mile-stone, on the road to Tunbridge-Wells; it lately belonged to John Whitaker, gent. of Barming, and is now possessed by his trustee Mr. Richard Hollaway, gent.
Line 19. Southborough tithery, containing the divisions of Tunbridge-Wells; Southborough forest and park, containing the tithes of 6799 acres, now belongs to John Broadhurst, esq. of Duffield, in Derbyshire.
PAGE 260. line 10. Oliver North, vicar, was likewise vicar of West Farleigh, where he died in 1675, and was buried in that church, he should therefore be placed before Vanderlure, who must have succeeded him in 1675.
PAGE 275, line 26. The church is remarkably small, it is a venerable old gothic building, kept in excellent preservation, and very neat; in the body of it is a large blue gravestone of granite, which has the marks of having been once richly ornamented with brass, no part of which now remains. The arms of archbishop Warham were till within these few years in the east window of the chancel. The gridiron of St. Laurence, its tutelary saint, is placed on the top of the steeple, the church being placed on the summit of a rock, is a very conspicuous object to the adjacent country for a number of miles.
PAGE 301, last line but four. Sir John Filmer, at his death devised this manor of Hodleigh to his lady for her life, remainder to his next brother and heir Sir Beversham Filmer, bart. now of East Sutton.
PAGE 320, line 13. Add to the CHARITIES—Sir Charles Booth, of Harrietsham—place, by his will in 1792 devised, among other like charities, the sum of 1000l. to his trustees, to be invested by them in the funds, the interest to be applied towards the providing of a schoolmaster and mistress to instruct poor boys and girls, inhabitants of or near this parish, to read and write, in such manner as the trustees should think proper.
PAGE 325. THE PARISH, though the church is within the hundred of Eyhorne, extends into five different hundreds, viz. Eyhorne, Cranbrooke; Teynham, Barkley and Calehill, by which the four bridges in it are respectively repaired. The farms in it are but small, the lands of which are let from ten to twenty shillings an acre, the produce being from two seams and an half to four seams of corn per acre. There are about ninety acres of hop-ground, and but little woodland, the principal wood in it being little more than thirty acres. There is neither spring nor well in the parish, the inhabitants obtaining their water from large ponds or reservoirs digged near their dwellings. In rainy seasons the meadows are flooded to a great extent, owing to the many streams which run in different directions across the parish towards the river, as well as to their low and flat situation.
PAGE 329, line 22. Mr. Jeremiah Curteis, gent. of Rye, afterwards sold this estate in different parcels, that part of it called Mottenden farm, on which was the antient scite of the priory, of the buildings of which there are now no remains, was sold to Mr. James Buss, of Smarden. Sir John Filmer, bart. purchased all that part of it which lies in the Two Suttons, and one Loudwell bought another part of it, being a farm called the Four Oaks.
PAGE 335, line 27. The Rev. Samuel Whiston, vicar, gave by his will in 1716, to his successors, vicars of this church, as long as they continued such, the present vicaragehouse, with a garden and an orchard, containing not quite an acre, being all the glebe land belonging to the vicarage, though there is fifteen acres belonging to the parsonage, and he gave likewise by his will to them, as long as they should continue vicars, 5l. yearly, to be paid out of a farm in Biddenden.
PAGE 341, line 2. Ingram Rider, esq. married Margaret, daughter of Ralph Carr, esq. of Cocken, in Durham, by whom he has had ten sons and five daughters, of whom are now surviving only four sons, Thomas, Ralph-Carr, Ingram, who married Jane Shields, and William-Barnaham, and one daughter Mary-Anne.
PAGE 351. line 25. The church is small, it is in tolerabel good condition, it was new pewed with wainscot by the Rev. Mr. Waterhouse the son, who gave handsomely towards the spire which is covered with oak shingles. The church consists of one isle and chancel, and a treaspet or two corss isles. It was till lately very dark and gloomy, but Mrs. Bouverie has lately improved it with new windows. It has no antient monuments: Mrs. Berkeley, relict of the bishop of Cloyne, lies in a valut built by her son the Rev. Dr. George Berkeley, prebendary of Canterbury, under the chancel.
PAGE 364. Henry Jones, vicar, was succeeded in 1783 by James Williamson, A.M. who held it by dispenstation with the vicarage of Woodnesborough, near Sandwich; he resigned both in 1785, and was succeeded in them by the Rev John Smity, A.M. the present vicar of both parishes.
Line 6. Of the three houses mentioned as belonging to the family of Belcher, that at Knowle-hill belongs to William Belcher, M.D. of Maidstone, who occasionally resides in it. Mr. Edward Belcher's house, and that of Mr. Thomson, are both occupied by the tenants of the lands belonging to them. Opposite the house late Mr. Thomson's, is one which has been the property and residence of the family of Handfield, of which there is a pedigree in the heraldic visitation of Kent, anno 1619, it is now the property and residence of Stephen Handfield, esq.
PAGE 387, line 16. The mill at Chegworth is turned by the river Len, which rises at Ewell, in Lenham, and some springs which join it at Harrietsham, whence it passes through Leeds-castle park to Maidstone, where it joins the Medway. The several small streamlets which rise on the side of the hill, one of which turns a mill just below the parsonage, whence watering the lower part of this parish they join the larger stream of the Medway, a little above Hockenbury-bridge.
PAGE 397, line 24. For the high road runs, read the high road till lately run, but since the improvements made by the new Turnpike Act, it is made to run further north by a shorter cut through the towns of Charing and Lenham, as will be further mentioned in the latter parish.
PAGE 417, line 6. The high road from Ashford, which till lately went over Charing and Lenham, otherwise Royton heaths, by Chilson park pales, through Sandway, and over Biggin-heath is entirely disused as to the general communication between Ashford and Maidstone, since the new turnpike road has been completed, with several new cuts, shortening the distance between the two towns to not more than twenty miles, through those of Charing and Lenham, by Harrietsham church, and thence by the front of Milgate, and the Mote, lord Romney's, to the towns of Maidstone.
PAGE 423, line 3. The different spellings of the name of Colepeper and Culpeper throughout these volumes cannot escape the reader's notice, not only books of history, but records, and even deeds and registers of parishes vary in it continually, even in the spellings of the same person's name, as such, it is spelt throughout these volumes as it occurs in the several books and records from whence the subject is taken.
PAGE 452. There is an estate called LITTLE FARBORNE, alias Little Harrietsham, situated here, to the south-west of Lower-street, within the manor of East Farborne, which was attempted a few years ago to have been accounted a manor, and two courts, or what were called so, were held for it, but not answering the purpose, the design has been dropped; it belonged formerly to Mr. James Tapley, afterwards to Mr. Cable, of Strood, and now by purchase to Mr. Webb, of Harrietsham.
Sir Charles Booth, by his will in 1792, gave 150cl. to be invested in the funds, in the name of his executors, the owner of Harrietsham-place, and the rector of this parish for ever, the interest to be applied to provide a schoolmaster and mistress, to teach poor boys and girls, inhabitants, or near to this parish, to read and write, as the trustees should think proper; also the sum of 500l. to be invested in like manner, and in the like trust, the interest of it to be divided into fiftytwo equal portions, and laid out in bread for ever, to be distributed each Sunday in the year by the churchwardens and overseers, to such poor persons resident in the parish as they and the trustees shall think proper, such poor, if not disabled by age or sickness, attending divine service; and he gave besides 100l. for the benefit of the poor of the parish.
Line 10 from bottom. The church is now ceiling, and a handsome new altar-piece putting up at the joint expence of the parish and Mr. Baldwin, who in 1786 gave a handsome suit of furniture, of scarlet cloth trimmed with gold lace, for the use of the desk and pulpit.
PAGE 461. In the present state of Hollingborne read as follows: The parish is about twenty-three miles round, and contains about 5000 acres of land, and is assessed to the poor's rate at 2500l. per ann. at the bottom of the chalk hills runs the Pilgrim road, continuing in a like direction throughout the county. The well-looking brick mansion mentioned as of the time of queen Elizabeth, is the parsonage-house, which being leased out, the rector has some rooms in it reserved for his use, when he chuses to reside in it; it is reported to have been built by one of the Colepeper family. Sir Martin Bernham bought the lease of this parsonage in 1576, of which there were then near forty years unexpired, for 1100l. and shortly after came and resided in it, which he continued to do till his death in 1610, when he left the lease to his children by his second wife.
The two good houses mentioned, one belonging to Robert Salmon, esq. was only rented by him of lord Fairfax, who demised it in 1793 to Mr. Daniel Newman, who now resides in it. The other, built by Mr. Weeks, was sold by his heirs in 1790 to Richard Thomas, esq. who now resides in it.
The south part of the parish, though sandy, bears good corn, and there are some fine meadow grounds. The north part is now much improved by generally thinning the hedgerows, cutting down the coppice wood, and by a much better cultivation than formerly. Eyhorne-green joins to Eyhornestreet; in the latter a fair is held on June 16, yearly, for pedlary, toys, &c.
Page 468, line 13. The whole of the property once belonging to the Colepeper family, is now held in trust by Dent and Keysal, for lady Sarah Robert Fane, second child of the earl of Westmoreland, by his wife, the only daughter and heir of Robert Child, esq. who left all his estates to the second child of the earl, by his daughter, provided such child was christened Robert, intending (as he disapproved of the marriage) that his estates, and those of the earl's, should not be consolidated in the same possessor; thus the word, child, instead of son, whether intentionally inserted or not by the framer of the will, entitles lord Westmoreland's second child, although a daughter, but named according to the will, to all Mr. Child's estates, and those in Hollingborne among them. Greenway-court house becoming ruinous, was taken down in 1786, and a convenient brick farm-house erected on the scite of it.
Page 469, line 10. Sir Francis Barnham resided at the parsonage-house in Hollingborne-street till his death in 1610, his seat on Hollingborne-hill being new-built by him, and just finished before his death. He left this manor to his el dest son (by his firstwife, daughter of Robert Rudstone, esq.) Sir F. Barnham, &c.
Page 471, line 17. Sir Francis Barnham resided at Hollingborne parsonage, this seat on Hollingborne-hill being but just finished by him in the year he died. His son Sir Francis afterwards resided in it.
On the summit of the hill, at the south-east boundaries of this parish, next to Harrietsham, is a small hamlet, consisting of only three houses, belonging to farms of but small rents, which, however insignificant it may seem now, seems antiently to have been of some account, having been thought of sufficient consequence to be entered in the survey of Domesday, under the title of the possessions of Odo, bishop of Baieux, as follows:
Richard holds of the bishop Rongostone, it was taxed at one suling. The arable land is . . . . . There are two villeins, having one carucate, and it paid six shillings in the time of king Edward the Confessor, and afterwards, and now it is worth sorty shillings. Ulviet held it of king Edward.
After the forfeiture of the bishop's estates to the crown, this of Ringlestone came into the possession of the family of Gerund, and afterwards of the Chalfhunt's, (fn. 1) and the Hadde's, of Frinsted, whence a part of it in queen Elizabeth's reign was alienated to Buck, and in king Charles the 1st.'s reign was in the possession of the Finch's, of Kingsdown.
But that part of it which remained in the possession of the family of Hadde, after some intermediate owners, came by marriage into the name of Giles, whose widow in king Charles the IId.'s reign, alienated it to Francis Barrell, esq. sergeant-at-law, and recorder of Rochester, whose grandson Francis Barrell, esq. of London, left two daughters his coheirs, Anne, married to the Rev. Francis Dodsworth, treasurer of Salisbury, prebendary of York, vicar of Minster, in Thanet, and of Doddington, in this county; and Catherine to the Rev. Frederick Dodsworth, canon of Windsor, brother to the former, who in right of their respective wives are now become entitled to this estate. They bear for their arms, Argent, a bend engrailed, sable, between three annulets, gules.
Page 502. Dr. Fairfax resigned to curacy of Leeds with Bromsfield in 1793, and was succeeded by the Rev. Charles Cage, who resigned in 1795, and was succeeded by the Rev. James Young, A. M. the present curate.
Page 505, last line but two. The high road from Ashford to Lenham, and thence to Maidstone, by the improvements made in consequence of the late Turnpike Act, is now altered and instead of going over Bersted green, now goes by the front of Milgate-house, and so by lord Romney's to Maidstone.
Page 559, line 10. Yokes-court is now divided, Mr. Henry Bing having in 1794, sold 112 acres of the demesnes of it, lying on the north-east side of the church, to Mr. Edward Brenchley, of Sittingborne, the remainder, with the manerial rights, continue with Mr. Bing.