Survey of London Monograph 16, College of Arms, Queen Victoria Street. Originally published by Guild & School of Handicraft, London, 1963.
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Spelman thought that York herald was originally the officer of Edmund of Langley, created Duke of York in 1385, but the first reliable reference to York is in 1484 (see John Water). He is now one of the six heralds in ordinary.
Earliest trustworthy mention of a York herald is pat. 17 February 1484, granting to John Water alias Yorke, herald, as fee of his office and for services to Richard III, his predecessors and ancestors, manor of Bayhall, in Pembury, Kent, and £8. 6s. 8d. a year from lordship of Huntingfield, Kent; reappd York 25 September 1486; 1486 and 1488 sent to France; 1493 Garter mission to Duke of Calabria; d. 28 March 1502; burd in Greyfriars' Church (Christ Church, Newgate).
It is possible that Playnford was the Bluemantle to whom an annuity previously held by Parvesyn, Collar pursuivant, was granted by pat. 11 November 1488. But see also Lawrence Alford, Bluemantle (18).
Of Windrush, co. Gloucester; husband of Garter Wrythe's eldest dau. Catherine and probably related to his third wife Anne Mynne. Noble names him York 'upon the authority of the Wriothesley's pedigrees in which he is styled York', but doubtful if he was a herald for although mentioned several times in Wrythe's will he is not called York, nor is he in the Mynne pedigree at the 1623 Vis'n of Gloucestershire; he is not in the Catalogues and is not named as York by Anstis or Leake.
Second s. (not eldest as often stated) of John Wrythe, Garter, by Barbara de Castlecombe; like elder bro. Sir Thomas, changed name to Wriothesley; probably b. in London; lived in Barbican; citizen and draper 1509. His s. Thomas, b. 1505, K.G., Lord Chancellor, Earl of Southampton, etc.
Rouge Croix probably c. 1 December 1505, when unnamed Rouge Croix had pat. of £10 a year; still Rouge Croix April 1509, when named as 'Will'm Wrythesley alias dictus Rouge cross' in accounts for Henry VII's funeral (I. 11, 88b); York before 26 August following when Hawley had p.s. to be Rouge Croix 'on promotion of Rouge Croix to be York'; said to have d. young, probably before 26 April 1513, when Tonge became York.
Called Rouge Dragon in pat. of Bluemantle but that must be mistake for Risebank; York 1528; sent with despatches to Spain and elsewhere 1522, and 1527–8–9; d. June 1530. His s. Richard became Fellow of All Souls.
S. of James Colbarne of Dudley, and probably kin to Francis Colbarne, who married Norroy Dalton's sister Elizabeth. Lord Cobham's servant; Rouge Dragon 1553 and York 1565; d. 13 September 1567; burd St Dunstan's in the West, near Dalton.
Originally Brooksmouth; called himself Brooke and claimed descent from the Brookes of Leighton, Cheshire; b. Wigan c. 1553; educated at Merchant Taylors' School; practised as herald-painter (Free of Painter-Stainers' Co. 1576); Rouge Croix 1580; York 1592; d. at Reculver, Kent, 15 October 1625 (M.I.).
A skilled draughtsman and an able and industrious herald, but his preposterous vanity and envious disposition involved him in constant quarrels, notably with his colleagues and the Earl Marshal; suspended in 1616 and 1621.
Particularly incensed by Camden's appointment as Clarenceux he published c. 1599 A Discoverie of certaine Errours... in the 'Britannia'. A second Discoverie of Errours was written in 1619, but not printed till 1723 or 1724. Also published A Catalogue... of the Kings, Princes... of England (1619), revised 1622. Left valuable MS. collections, now scattered among the College of Arms, the British Museum, etc.
Arms: (1) as Rouge Croix: Gules, on a bend argent a cross throughout gules (Lant). (2) granted 1593: Or, a cross engrailed per pale gules & sable, on a chief gules a lion passant guardant or. Crest: On a torse or & sable a hand fessways joined to an open wing argent & holding a sword erect proper entwined with a spray of leaves vert.
B. c. 1619; third s. of Sir John Wingfield, of Tickencote, co. Rutland; second cousin of Elizabeth Wingfield, wife of Sir H. St George, junior; also connected with St Georges by marriage to Mary dau. and heiress of G. Owen, York, and Rebecca Dayrell, sister-in-law of Sir H. St George, senior; educ. an attorney; Captain of Horse in royal army 1641–8 (Cal. S. P. Dom. 1663–4, p. 108; 1670, p. 633), but nom. Richmond by Cromwell; Portcullis at Restoration and York on Owen's resignation; Customer of Berwick; 22 December 1674, owing to illness and debts sold place to Devenish, another St George connection; d. in King's Bench prison 30 December 1678; burd in St George's, Southwark.
Nephew of Gregory King, Lancaster; no doubt s. of Mrs King's sister Eleanor by Richard Cromp of Tuffley, Gloucestershire. Originally heraldpainter of Worcester; Portcullis 1690; afterwards York; d. insolvent 11 June 1715; burd St Benet's, Paul's Wharf; Deputy Register on several occasions.
Of Kensington; b. c. 1690; s. of Richard Wightwick, a London merchant and cadet of Wightwick of Wightwick, co. Stafford; his aunt Elizabeth married Fryth, Mowbray and Lancaster; Portcullis 1713 and York 1717; d. 17 June 1722, at house of brother-in-law Charles White, Shear Lane, near Temple Bar; burd St Benet's, Paul's Wharf; intestate and insolvent; administration granted to White who gave College (March 1723) four of York's books.
Nom. Rouge Croix 1751, but patent not having passed when Townley was promoted to Norroy in November of that year, was thereupon nom. York. Took little interest in heraldry and left all his College business to Heard.
Traditionally of French descent; b. St Andrew's, Holborn; baptized there 8 July 1749; fifth s. of Thomas Pingo, assistant engraver at the Mint; Clerk in H.M. Customs; Rouge Dragon 1780 and thence York; accidentally killed with J. C. Brooke in the crush, Little Theatre, Haymarket, 3 February 1794; burd in Chapel of Tower of London.
Arms granted 1782: Gyronny of 6 pieces or & azure, a fess ermine & on a canton gules a tower argent (drawn as a castle with 2 turrets somewhat resembling the Tower of London); an annulet for difference. Crest: A dragon passant gules collared argent, in allusion to his pursuivantship.
S. of Thomas King of Great Yarmouth; b. there 1802; d. 4 February 1872; Rouge Dragon 1833 and later York. Treasurer of the College en titre 1848 having performed the duties since 1833; 1866 owed College £987 and College agreed to accept in part payment, at valuation £300, 142 volumes of his heraldic and genealogical collections, including 60 relating to history of Great Yarmouth, and several others concerning the College and heralds.
F.S.A. 1836, member of Council 1844, etc.; founder member of Cocked Hat Club; original member of British Archaeological Association; wrote article on heraldry in Encyclopaedia Britannica (before 1863); contributed many papers to Archaeologia, J. Brit. Arch. Assoc. and other learned periodicals.
Arms granted 1835: Azure, on a fess argent between 3 falcons rising, belled or, a dragon passant looking backwards gules. Crest: On a mount vert a dragon as in the arms with a collar embattled & counter-embattled & chain over the back or. Motto: Draconis Metuenda Corolla.
'General' de Havilland, of Havilland Hall, Bishops Hill, near Taunton, and of Langford Court, Langford Budville, Somerset, a soldier of fortune who served in Spain under Don Carlos and in other foreign forces; of uncommon physical strength and one of the most picturesque characters in the history of the College.
His mother, Mary Wright, was dau. of Captain W. L. von Sonnentag of the French Army, and sister and heiress of General Sir George von Sonnentag, Governor of South Russia. Professed Knight of Justice of Order of Malta; Barrister Inner Temple; F.S.A. 1872; Rouge Croix 1866; changed name to de Havilland, R.L. 21 December 1869; York 1872; helped in 1878 edition of Burke's General Armory; d. 18 September 1886; burd Langford Budville.
Arms: (1) Recorded 1623 at Vis'n of Gloucester; Argent, 3 towers tripletowered sable, portcullises gules. Crest: granted 1866; a castle triple-towered argent, portcullis gules. Motto: Dominus Fortissima Turris.
(2) As used by York; de Havilland as above impaling von Sonnentag, Argent, a sun in splendour proper, the whole surmounted by a chief of Religion, Gules, a cross argent. The shield set on a cross of Malta. Crest: On a wreath of the colours a tower triple-towered argent, the portcullis gules. Motto as above.
Of Onslow Gardens, Holmbush, Barnes, and Sarnesfield Court, co. Hereford; s. of George Marshall, of Ward End House, Warwickshire; b. there 19 April 1839; educ. Radley, Magdalene College and Peterhouse, Cambridge, LL.B. 1861, LL.D. 1874; Barrister Middle Temple 1865; F.S.A. 1872; Rouge Croix 1887 and later York; High Sheriff co. Hereford 1902, J.P. and D.L.; d. Barnes 12 September 1905, leaving over £200,000; burd Sarnesfield.
A keen and meticulous genealogist; made large collections of wills, pedigrees, registers, church notes and other genealogical material, of which College obtained 32 volumes under his will. As herald great believer in canting armory. Collected armorial china and medieval armorial glass.
Best known as compiler of the Genealogists' Guide (1879, etc.); founded the Genealogist (1877) and edited first seven volumes; contributed to it, Misc. Gen. & Her., etc. Published Miscellanea Marescalliana (1883, 1888); Handbook to the Ancient Courts of Probate (1889). Edited Le Neve's Pedigrees of Knights (Harl. Soc. 1873), and several Vis'ns and Parish Registers.
Arms granted 1867: Barry of 6 pieces ermine & azure, a horseshoe or between 3 bezants. Crest: Between 2 wings barry as the shield a bezant charged with a horseshoe azure. Motto: Vi Martiali, Deo Adjuvante.
Arms: Quarterly, (1 & 4) argent, on a bend sable 3 roses argent (Cary); (2) sable, 2 bars nebuly ermine (Spencer of Spencercombe); (3) France and England quarterly in a border gobony argent & azure (Beaufort). Crest: A swan with wings elevated proper. Motto: In Utroque Fidelis.
Charles Murray Kennedy St Clair, Baron Sinclair; b. 21 June 1914, s. of 16th Baron; educ. Eton and Magdalene College, Cambridge; Major Coldstream Guards; Portcullis 1949; 1953 M.V.O. and Extra Equerry to Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother; York 1957; succeeded as 17th Lord Sinclair 25 November 1957; Scottish Representative Peer 1960.