Survey of London Monograph 16, College of Arms, Queen Victoria Street. Originally published by Guild & School of Handicraft, London, 1963.
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One of the four pursuivants in ordinary, instituted by Henry VII in allusion to the well known badge inherited from his mother, Lady Margaret Beaufort. Probably instituted soon after Henry's accession. Portcullis occurs several times in public records from 1490 to 1499, although his name is not given and none of those named by Lant in this reign, R. Lagisse, W. Fellow and W. Hastings, can have had the title.
Arms: Per pale or & azure, a chevron between 3 eagles counterchanged & on a chief gules 3 lozenges ermine. This coat was granted or confirmed by Clarenceux Benolt 22 March 1528, to 'Feyrey' of Dunstable and London together with the Crest: From a torse or & gules an arm erect the sleeve bendy of 4 pieces argent & sable, the hand proper holding up a handful of rye or.
Said to have been Guisnes, but not so; appd Portcullis 1550; May 1551 imprisoned with ap Howel, Lancaster, for counterfeiting Clarenceux's seal to get money by giving arms (Edward VI's diary sub 26 May); appears in Partition Book New Year's Day 1552 but not on Twelfth Day; degraded and Cocke appd in his place 1553; is perhaps the Richard Withers, died prisoner in Ludgate and burd in St Paul's Churchyard 1 December 1554, 'a proper man & a conyng man as any ys now' (Machyn's Diary, ed. Camden Soc., p. 77).
B. 1590 at Hoxne, Suffolk, s. of Isaac Preston, yeoman, of Hoxne, from whose younger brother Jacob the Prestons of Beeston St Lawrence descended; clerk or deputy for Chitting, Chester, c. 1619; 1625 Portcullis; 1630 sent to Ireland to announce birth of Prince Charles, having instructions to report how the news was received there and also to report how Ulster king of arms executed his office so that the E.M. might consider what directions were requisite (Coll. of Arms MS. WK. 155; Bodl. MS. Ashm. 857, 171, pp. 362–3).
On death of Daniel Molyneux, 13 June 1632, place of Ulster was seized by his s. William, but letter was sent to Lords Justices forbidding them to appoint anyone as Ulster and summoning William Molyneux to London to show on what grounds he claimed that office. William did not make good his claim and Preston was appointed. D. 1642, burd at St Werburgh's, Dublin, 12 July.
B. c. 1585, third s. of William Beauchamp of Trevince (1620 Vis'n of Cornwall); during Civil War sided with Parliament continuing at the Herald's Office at least until 1652. Named for promotion to Chester 1646, but appointment not effected. Probably the John Beauchamp of St Botolph's, Aldersgate, who d. 1654 (will dat. 15 June, pr. 9 September, P.C.C. 32 Alchin). Walker, Garter, rated him honest but of slender capacity.
S. of William Henry Toms, an eminent engraver, of Masham St, Westminster; highly successful painter of draperies employed by Reynolds and other eminent artists; 1768 foundation R.A.; 1745 Portcullis but rarely attended College, leaving Bigland to do his work; after Cotes' death 1770 had little work, became depressed and took to drink; d. in great distress in Rathbone Place, Oxford St, 1 January 1777; burd cemetery of St Giles-inthe-Fields.
Nom. Portcullis by Lord Scarbrough, Deputy Earl Marshal, 1777, Lady Scarbrough being his godmother, but Duke of Norfolk d. before wt. passed and not until 1780 did new D.E.M., Lord Effingham, ratify Lord Scarbrough's choice. Never obtained promotion; resigned 11 April 1817 in favour of Beltz who undertook to pay him £100 a year. D. Doncaster early 1841. Variously described as of London and of King's Sutton, Northamptonshire, where his mother-in-law Mary Sheppard née Elwes had property.
Twenty-seven years a 'probationer'; clerk to Heard 1814–22 and to Beltz 1822–41; Portcullis 1841; very hard working and constant attendant at College, but made scarcely £300 a year; thrice declined promotion to herald. As clerk made many of the best indexes to College books.
Deposition in 1869 includes outspoken but friendly criticisms of colleagues; complains of Garter Young's tendency to 'cut up' coats submitted for approval; considered himself, Courthope and A. W. Woods the 'stay' of the College; Woods the only herald to share the work when in waiting with him.
B. Radnor Place, Hyde Park, 8 July 1860; younger s. of William Powell Murray, barrister, descended from Murray of Unthank; educ. Marlborough; 1880–6 studied civil engineering; 1886 entered chambers of Sir A. ScottGatty, then York; 1889 took over Walford Selby's half-share of the Genealogist, editor 1889–94; F.S.A. 1891; Carnarvon 1911; worked in E.M's office for coronation of George V; Portcullis 1913; d. 11 January 1922; burd Shirley Churchyard, near Croydon.
Arms: Quarterly with a crescent for difference; (1 & 4) ermine, a bugle horn sable stringed and garnished gules & on a chief gules 3 molets argent (Murray, matric. Lyon Reg. 1894); (2 & 3) checky of 9 pieces ermines & argent, 4 millrinds sable (Turnour). Crest: A demi-savage wreathed with oak & winding his horn, all proper. Motto: Superna Venabor.
B. 16 May 1922, s. of Edward Harold Cole of Croham Hurst, Surrey; Barrister Inner Temple; Citizen and Scrivener of London; Captain (ret'd) Coldstream Guards. Fitzalan 1953; F.S.A. 1954; Portcullis 1957.
Arms (granted 1957 in lieu of Arms granted 1944): Argent a chevron between 3 bulls passant guardant gules armed unguled membered & tails tufted or each crowned with an ancient crown gold. Crest: On a wreath of the colours issuant from flames proper a centaur forcene the human parts also proper the equine parts argent crined & unguled or drawing a bow of the same bound & stringed gules the arrow gold barbed and flighted also argent. Motto: Deum Cole Reginam Serva.
Mr Cole quarters with this Cole of Heston, Middlesex, Petersham, Surrey and London, as recorded at the Vis'ns of Surrey 1623 and London 1634 in virtue of the descent from this family which he has established and hopes shortly to record in the College of Arms.
Arms: Argent a bull passant sable armed & unguled or within a bordure also sable bezanty. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a demi-dragon vert holding in the dexter claw an arrow or barbed & flighted argent.