The Piazza: Notable private residents in the Piazza

Pages 96-97

Survey of London: Volume 36, Covent Garden. Originally published by London County Council, London, 1970.

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Notable private residents in the Piazza

No. 43 King Street. William Paget, Baron Paget of Beaudesert, 1637–43; John Trenchard, 1644, agent to the fourth Earl of Bedford, member of the Long Parliament; Sir Henry Vane the younger, 1645–7, statesman, member of the Long Parliament; Sir Arthur Ingram, c. 1647, member of the Long Parliament; (fn. c1) Dr. William Rant, c. 1650–3; Sir Edward Hales, baronet, 1655–61, member of the Long Parliament; Sir Kenelm Digby, 1662–5, author, naval commander and diplomatist; Denzil Holles, first Baron Holles of Ifield, 1666–80, statesman; Nathaniel Crew, third Baron Crew of Stene, 1681–c. 1688, Bishop of Durham; Hon. Edward Russell, first Earl of Orford, c. 1690–1727. In 1716–17 this portico building was demolished and the present house erected on the site (see page 166).

No. 1 Great Piazza. Walter Montagu, 1637–41, ? Abbot of St. Martin, near Pontoise; Sir William Waller, 1644, parliamentary general, member of the Long Parliament; Sir Thomas Trenchard, 1645– c. 1647, member of the Long Parliament; John Paulet, fifth Marquis of Winchester, c. 1650–6; Nathaniel Fiennes, 1657–9, member of the Long Parliament; Charles Gerard, first Baron Gerard of Brandon, first Earl of Macclesfield, 1660–1; Sir Thomas Draper, knight, 1662–c. 1703; Lady Mary Draper, c. 1703–17; Sir Harry Ashurst, 1718–23; William Hunter, 1749– 1760, surgeon.

No. 2 Great Piazza. Sir John Harper, 1639–41; Lady Mansell, 1641–5; Zouch Tate, c. 1647–50, member of the Long Parliament; Mrs. Tate, 1650–65; Sir Charles Cotterell, knight, 1666–8, M.P., courtier; Sir Richard Temple, baronet, 1676–85, politician; Prosper Henricus Lankrink, 1686–92, painter, assistant to Sir Peter Lely; Lord 'Fitz-Williams', 1707–8; Lord Falconbridge, 1708–11; Lord Powis, 1713; Sir John Cotton, 1717–20; Dr. Noel Broxholme, 1721, physician.

No. 3 Great Piazza. John Mordaunt, first Earl of Peterborough, 1639–43; Lady 'Holborne', 1658–63; William Broun(c)ker, second Viscount Brouncker, 1664–70, first President of the Royal Society; Marchioness of Clanricarde, 1671–5; Viscountess 'Muscree', 1676; Sir Thomas Orby, 1677–91; John Closterman, 1692–1713, portrait painter; Edward Gouge, 1714–c. 1734, 'limner'; Hamlet Winstanley, c. 1736–53, painter and engraver, pupil of Sir Godfrey Kneller.

No. 4–5 Great Piazza. Sir Thomas Culpeper the elder, 1640–c. 1641, writer on usury; Lady 'Calveley', 1652–9; Gregory King, 1677–9, herald, genealogist, engraver.

No. 6–7 Great Piazza. Sir William Alexander, first Earl of Stirling, 1638–40, poet and statesman; Sir Henry Wallop, 1640–4, member of the Long Parliament; Robert Wallop, 1645–c. 1647, ? regicide, member of the Long Parliament; Sir Lionel Tollemache, 1653–4; Edmund Dunch, 1655–7, member of the Long Parliament; Viscount Burnell, 1658–60; Hon. Edward Russell, 1663–90, colonel; Robert, Lord Russell, 1691–c. 1698, son of the fifth Earl (and first Duke) of Bedford.

No. 8 Great Piazza. Thomas Killigrew, 1636–40, dramatist; Philip Wharton, fourth Baron Wharton, 1640–1; Henry Mordaunt, second Earl of Peterborough, c. 1647, royalist; Sir David Watkins, knight, c. 1651–7 (mortgagor to Thomas Killigrew); Lady Watkins, 1658–60; Thomas Killigrew, 1661–2, dramatist (see above), then engaged in building the first Theatre Royal Drury Lane; Aubrey de Vere, twentieth Earl of Oxford, 1663–c. 1673; Resident envoy of the Republic of Venice, c. 1675; Sir William Walter, 1676–93; Lady Knightley, 1694–c. 1698; Rt. Hon. Lord James Russell, c. 1699; Thomas Murray, c. 1702– 1726, portrait painter.

No. 9–10 Great Piazza. Robert Holborne, 1640–3, ? Sir Robert Holborne, lawyer (knighted 1643), member of the Long Parliament; Colonel Thorp, c. 1647, ? Francis Thorpe, judge, member of the Long Parliament; Lord Lucas, c. 1651–71 (given in the ratebooks as Sir John Lucas in 1652–5, 1657); Thomas Grey, second Earl of Stamford, 1718–20, statesman; Hon. Edward Wortley Montagu, 1720–30, M.P. and diplomatist.

No. 10–11 Great Piazza. Sir Thomas Littleton, knight, 1637–9; Sir John Winter, 1639–43, secretary to Queen Henrietta Maria; Sir Peter Lely, c. 1651–80, portrait painter; Thomas Hawker, 1682–5, portrait painter; Roger North, 1686–c. 1694, lawyer and historian, executor to Sir Peter Lely; Lady North, c. 1698; Charles Macklin, 1753–5, actor and stagemanager.

No. 12 Great Piazza. Sir Edmund/Edward Pye, 1637–c. 1673; Lady Katherine Pye, c. 1675–93; Matthew Aylmer, Baron Aylmer, 1694–1720, naval commander-in-chief; Sir John Norris, 1720–2, naval commander-in-chief; Sir James Thornhill, 1722–34, painter; George Douglas, fourth Baron Mordington, c. 1736–41, author.

No. 13–14 Great Piazza. Sir Edward Sydenham, 1635–43; Sir Charles Gawdy, 1637–43; Lady Cooke, 1638–43; Denzil Holles, first Baron Holles of Ifield, 1644–52, statesman, member of the Long Parliament; ? Sir William Constable, c. 1645, member of the Long Parliament; ? Edward Montague, c. 1645, member of the Long Parliament; Mildmay Fane, second Earl of Westmorland, 1656; Sir Edward Ford, 1656–63, royalist soldier and inventor; Charles Stuart, sixth Duke of Lennox, third Duke of Richmond, 1664; Swedish ambassador, 1668; Colonel John Strode, 1669–79; Countess Dowager of Peterborough, 1669–c. 1673; Unspecified foreign diplomatic envoy, c. 1675–6; Elizabeth, Lady Dacres, later Countess of Sheppey, 1679–86; Edward Howard, fifth Earl of Carlisle, 1686–9; Dutch ambassador, 1690–2; George Dodington, c. 1702–14, 1718–20, (? uncle of George Bubb Dodington); George Bubb Dodington, later first Baron Melcombe, c. 1720–25; Dr. Douglas, 1726–32, ? James Douglas, physician.

No. 15 Great Piazza (back house). John Rich, 1743–60, theatrical manager; Priscilla Rich, 1761–7; William Powell, 1769, actor; Elizabeth Powell, 1769– 1771; George Colman the elder, 1772–4, dramatist.

No. 16–17 Great Piazza. Sir Edmund Verney the elder, 1636–c. 1641, courtier and soldier, member of the Long Parliament, killed at Edgehill; Sir Peter Ingram, c. 1643; Countess of Peterborough, 1644–7; Sir Humphrey Tracy, c. 1651–7; Sir Robert Bowles, 1659–63; Mountjoy Blount, first Earl of Newport, 1664–6, royalist; Lady Dacres, 1679; Nathaniel Crew, third Baron Crew, 1680, Bishop of Durham; Sir Godfrey Kneller, first baronet, 1682–c. 1702, painter; Arthur Pond, 1727–c. 1734, painter and engraver.

No. 18–19 Great Piazza with No. 13 Russell Street. Lady Hobart ('Hubbert'), 1637–c. 1641; Doctor Denton, 1652, ? William Denton, physician and political writer; James St. Amand, 1679–1728, antiquary.

No. 1 Little Piazza. Sir Thomas Hanmore, 1640–3; Sir John Wittwrong, 1647.

No. 2 Little Piazza. Henry Wilmot, second Viscount Wilmot, later first Earl of Rochester, 1647, soldier, member of the Long Parliament; Earl of 'Kileare', c. 1651; Duke of Florence, 1659; Earl of Meath, 1660–4; Sir James Barkman Leyenberg, 1666–70, Swedish Resident; Sir Richard Temple, baronet, c. 1674, politician.

No. 3 Little Piazza. Sir William Uvedale, 1640– c. 1647, paymaster of the King's army, member of the Long Parliament; Sir William Plater, c. 1651, member of the Long Parliament; Lord Savage, 1653; Lady 'Savidge', 1654; Sir William Parkhurst, 1655; Countess Ancrum, 1656; Jane, Lady Angier, 1657–61; Murrough O'Brien, first Earl of Inchiquin, 1663; Sir Edward Ford, 1664–5, royalist soldier and inventor.

No. 4 Little Piazza. William De Ryck, 1691–2, history painter; Thomas Hawker, c. 1705–7, portrait painter; John Abraham Fisher, 1771–4, violinist.

No. 1 Tavistock Row. Thomas Savile, first Viscount Savile, first Earl of Sussex, 1635–43, c. 1647–1659; Henry Grey, Earl of Kent, 1644–c. 1645; Richard Boyle, second Earl of Cork, later first Earl of Burlington, and Arthur Annesley, first Earl of Anglesey, 1660, member of the Long Parliament; Sir John Colladon, 1670–1, 1673; Lady Cartwright, 1672; Countess of Manchester, c. 1675–6; William Petre, fourth Baron Petre, 1677–84.

No. 2–3 Tavistock Row. Sir Peter Temple, 1637–43, member of the Long Parliament; Lady Cranburne, 1661; Lady Griffin, 1662.

No. 37 Henrietta Street. Francis Clein, c. 1650–8, draughtsman, ornamental painter, etcher.

No. 1 King Street. Francis Russell esq., 1639– c. 1641, ? younger son of the fourth Earl of Bedford; Sir James Bridgman, 1653–6.


  • c1. James Cranfield, 2nd Earl of Middlesex, 1648–9;