BHO

References and list of abbreviations

Pages 457-487

Survey of London: Volume 47, Northern Clerkenwell and Pentonville. Originally published by London County Council, London, 2008.

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Citation:

Table of contents

References

ABBREVIATIONS

AJ Architects' Journal
B The Builder, from 1966 Building
BAL British Architectural Library, Royal Institute of British Architects
BL British Library
BLPES British Library of Political and Economic Science
BN Building News
Boucher R. K. Boucher, A Celebration of One Hundred Years of Worship at the Church of Our Most Holy Redeemer with St. Philip, Clerkenwell, 1888–1988, 1988
CERC Church of England Record Centre
Colvin Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600–1840, 3rd edn, 1995
Cromwell Thomas Cromwell, History and Description of the Parish of Clerkenwell, 1828
DSR District Surveyors' Returns in London Metropolitan Archives
EH English Heritage
FBC Finsbury Borough Council
GA Gloucestershire Archives
GL Guildhall Library, Corporation of London
IBC Islington Borough Council Building Control and Planning Department files
ILHC Islington Local History Centre, Finsbury Library (London Borough of Islington Library and Cultural Services)
ILN Illustrated London News
LCC London County Council
LMA London Metropolitan Archives, Corporation of London
LPL Lambeth Palace Library
MBW Metropolitan Board of Works
MDR Middlesex Deeds Registry in London Metropolitan Archives
NMR National Monuments Record
ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (this includes earlier volumes of the Dictionary of National Biography)
OS Ordnance Survey maps of London, 1:1056 scale
PE Records relating to the Penton family and estate at Islington Local History Centre
Pinks William J. Pinks, The History of Clerkenwell, 2nd edn, 1880
POD Post Office Directories
PP Parliamentary Papers
RB Ratebooks in Islington Local History Centre
RIBA Royal Institute of British Architects
RO Record Office
SBL School Board for London
TNA The National Archives
VCH Victoria County History
WAC City of Westminster Archives Centre

Introduction pp. 1–21

CHAPTER I (pp. 22–51)

West of Farringdon Road

CHAPTER II (pp. 52–83)

Exmouth Market Area

CHAPTER III (pp.84–108)

Spa Green to Skinner Street

CHAPTER IV (pp. 109–139)

Rosebery Avenue

CHAPTER V (pp. 140–164)

Sadler's Wells

CHAPTER VI (pp. 165–184)

New River Head

CHAPTER VII (pp. 185–191)

New River Estate: Introduction

CHAPTER VIII (pp. 192–216)

Amwell Street and Myddelton Square Area

CHAPTER IX (pp.217–238)

Percy Circus Area

CHAPTER X (pp.239–263)

Wilmington Square Area

CHAPTER XI (pp.264–297)

Lloyd Baker Estate

CHAPTER XII (pp.298–321)

King's Cross Road (East side) and Weston Rise Area

CHAPTER XIII (pp.322–338)

Pentonville: Introduction

CHAPTER XIV (pp. 339–372)

Pentonville Road

CHAPTER XV (pp.373–404)

Penton Street and Chapel Market Area

CHAPTER XVI (pp.405–438)

West of Penton Street

CHAPTER XVII (pp.439–455)

The Angel and Islington High Street

Footnotes

  • 1. LMA, Acc/1876/PM/1/14: Charterhouse Muniments, water-supply plan, c. 1624: John Rocque's map of 1746: Pinks, p.283: Chris Ellmers, 'Clerkenwell: a study in urban growth, with special reference to the period 1590–1841', unpublished draft PhD thesis, 1979, pp.37–8
  • 2. Corporation of London RO, Common Council Letter Book QQ, f.66b: V. Smith and P. Kelsey, 'The Lines of Communication: the Civil War Defences of London', in S. Porter (ed.), London and the Civil War, 1996, pp.132–3: R. Ward, London's New River, 2003, pp.99–107
  • 3. William Lithgow, The present Surveigh of London and Englands State, 1643, p. 540
  • 4. The Macaroni and Theatrical Magazine, Jan 1773
  • 5. Pinks, p. 13
  • 6. Ian Nairn, Nairn's London, 1966, p.172
  • 7. B, 19 March 1853, p. 187
  • 8. Wellcome Institute Library, WMS/PP/HO/e/C5, f.31 (John Hodgkin's MS autobiography)
  • 9. Arthur Machen, Things Near and Far, 1923, p. 58
  • 10. Mark Rutherford, The Revolution in Tanner's Lane, 1887
  • 11. B, 2 Jan 1864, p.9
  • 12. Census
  • 13. T. R. Smith and W. H. White, 'Model dwellings for the rich', in British Architect, vol. v, 1876, pp. 156–8
  • 14. J. Maclaren Cobban, A Reverend Gentleman, 1891, p.181
  • 15. PP 1884–5 (4402), XXX. 1,87,819, Royal Commission for inquiring into Housing of the Working Classes, First Report, Mins of Evidence, etc, p. 40
  • 16. Census
  • 17. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B236, p.31
  • 18. Charles Booth, Life & Labour of the People in London, 1st series, Poverty, vol.1, 1902, p.191
  • 19. PE, Penton Family Correspondence Box
  • 20. G. E. Mitton, The Fascination of London: Clerkenwell and St Luke's, 1906, p. 74
  • 21. Arthur Machen, Evening News, 11 July 1914, as reprinted in Christopher Palmer (ed.), The Collected Arthur Machen, 1988, p.345
  • 22. G. L. Morris, 'Clerkenwell in the early nineteenth century', in AJ, 25 Aug 1926, pp.230–2; 1 Sept 1926, pp.260–2; 8 Sept 1926, pp. 292–4
  • 23. Harold P. Clunn, London Marches On, 1947, p. 166
  • 24. A. L. Lloyd, 'Face of the Angel', in Illustrated, 23 June 1951, pp.9,11
  • 25. Memories of Finsbury 1880–1900 by Old Residents, 1955, passim
  • 26. Luke McKernan, 'Diverting Time: London's Cinemas and Their Audiences, 1906–1914', in London Journal, vol.32, no.2, July 2007, pp. 125–44
  • 27. The New Survey of London Life and Labour, vol. vi, Survey of Social Conditions, vol.2, The Western Area, 1934, pp. 381–3: Census: J. H. Forshaw and Patrick Abercrombie, County of London Plan 1943, pp.24–5
  • 28. John Allan, Berthold Lubetkin: Architecture and the tradition of progress, 1992
  • 29. POD: Muriel Lester, Entertaining Gandhi, 1932: Rozina Visram, Asians in Britain: 400 Years of History, 2002, pp. 286–8; ODNB sub Katial
  • 30. BAL Archives, LUB/1/17/1
  • 31. Ibid, LUB/1/17/1,2
  • 32. Ibid, LUB/1/17/3
  • 33. Ibid, LUB/1/18/1; LUB/1/19/8; LUB/1/21
  • 34. Ibid, LUB/1/19/5,6
  • 35. AJ, 5 June 1952, pp.702–9; D. T. Yeomans, 'An Architect/Engineer Collaboration: the Tecton/Arup flats', in Structural Engineer, vol. 67, May 1989, pp. 183–8
  • 36. BAL Archives, LUB/1/19/7
  • 37. Finsbury Citizen, Oct and Nov 1937
  • 38. Islington Gazette, 20 Jan 1948
  • 39. Architectural Review, Jan 1939, pp. 5–6
  • 40. Allan, pp.348–50,370
  • 41. ILHC, FBC Annual Report, 1938–9, p. 12
  • 42. Allan, pp.352–63
  • 43. Catherine Steeves, 'Towards A New Jerusalem: Architecture and Politics in the London Borough of Finsbury 1943–46', unpublished prize essay of the Society of Architectural Historians, c. 1993
  • 44. ILHC, cuttings L3.13; biographical file on Riley
  • 45. Islington Gazette, 20 Jan 1948
  • 46. BAL Archives, LUB/2/1
  • 47. ILHC, FBC Mins, Dec 1939–June 1940
  • 48. FBC Mins, 1943–4: BAL Archives, LUB/2/1; LUB/2/2
  • 49. FBC Mins, Feb—May 1945
  • 50. BAL Archives, LUB/2/4
  • 51. Ibid, LUB/2/5
  • 52. ODNB sub Katial
  • 53. BAL Archives, LUB/25/4
  • 54. Allan, p. 155
  • 55. Official Architect and Planner, Nov 1967, pp. 1623–9
  • 56. James Stevens Curl, 'A London Townscape Examined' and 'Lessons of a Georgian Suburb', in Country Life, 8, 22 April 1971, pp.800–2,969–72
  • 57. Andrews Sherlock and Partners report to Islington Council, 1975, as quoted in Alec Forshaw, 20th Century Buildings in Islington, 2001, p. 55
  • 58. Martin Bull, Banksy Locations & Tours, 2007, pp.82–119
  • 59. J. M. Robinson, Grass Seed in June, 2006, p.104
  • 60. Electoral Registers
  • 61. This chapter is based largely on uncatalogued Baynes— Warner and Jervoise estate papers in LMA, Acc/35/45–6 and Acc/137/47–234
  • 62. Bedfordshire County RO, HY.673
  • 63. LMA, Acc/137/47–66, bundle 1, lease 3 Dec 1692 and declaration of trust 26 March 1694; bargain & sale 25 June 1696
  • 64. Cromwell, pp.318–19
  • 65. LMA, Acc/137/47–66, box 1: J. Burnby, 'John Conyers, London's First Archaeologist', in Transactions of the London & Middlesex Archaeological Society, vol.35, 1984, p. 65
  • 66. LMA, Acc/137: Pinks, p.636: TNA, C11/1512/8
  • 67. LMA, Acc/137/212–34, box 10, abstract of title of the Rev. S. C. Jervoise to part of Coldbath Fields and Gray's Inn Lane estates
  • 68. TNA, C11/1512/8: LMA, Acc/137/113–17, box 5, conveyance of 27 Dec 1736
  • 69. TNA, C11/1624/6
  • 70. TNA, PROB11/745, quire 75; PROB11/1012, quire 404: LMA, Acc/137/212–34, box 10, abstract of title of the Rev. S. C. Jervoise to part of Coldbath Fields and Gray's Inn Lane estates
  • 71. MDR 1789/3/327–8
  • 72. LMA, Acc/137/130–139, box 7
  • 73. TNA, PROB11/1529, quire 26: LMA, C/76/178–80, 460–2,467: Cromwell, pp. 305–6: MDR 1811–16
  • 74. LMA, Acc/137/212–34, box 10, indenture of 11 Jan 1703
  • 75. MDR 1720/6/268
  • 76. TNA, C11/1512/8
  • 77. Ibid
  • 78. LMA, Acc/137/213–34, box 10: Cromwell, p.308: Advertisements in ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 79. Cromwell, p.308
  • 80. Bernard Jennings (ed.), A History of Harrogate & Knaresborough, 1970, pp.225–6
  • 81. 'On the Cold Bath at Oldcastle's', 1715 (reproduced in Pinks, p.112)
  • 82. Post Boy, 28 March 1700 (quoted in Pinks, p.112)
  • 83. Sir John Floyer and Dr Edward Baynard, Psykhroloysia: or, the History of Cold Bathing: Both Ancient and Modern, 2nd edn, 1706, pt II, p. 122
  • 84. [Edward Hatton], A New View of London, 1708, vol. ii, p.785: St Bartholomew's Hospital Archives, HA/1/10, Mins of the General Court of Governors, March 1724, June 1727
  • 85. Advertisement of 1873 in ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 86. Standard, 21 Nov 1885: Cromwell, pp.307–8
  • 87. Royal Free Hospital Archives Centre, London Fever Hospital Committee Mins, 28 April 1809, 25 Oct 1811: MDR 1814/1/201
  • 88. Royal Free Hospital Archives Centre, London Fever Hospital Committee Mins, 27 Nov 1811, 29 April 1814, 24 June 1814, 29 July 1814
  • 89. Ibid, 18 Feb 1815: All the Year Round, 10 Aug 1861, 'Growth of a Hospital', pp.478–9
  • 90. The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, 15 Aug 1840, pp.97–8: MDR 1818/8/574
  • 91. Royal Free Hospital Archives Centre, London Fever Hospital Committee Mins, 28 Aug 1818: MDR 1818/ 8/574
  • 92. MBW Annual Report 1887, pp.19,173: LMA, MBW/1243, p.306; LCC/VA/DD/R120
  • 93. TNA, C11/1512/8
  • 94. Ibid
  • 95. MDR 1725/4/272; 1729/1/172
  • 96. TNA, C11/1152/8: MDR: Robert Morden and Philip Lea, An Actuall Survey of London, Westminster and Southwark, 1700
  • 97. MDR 1724–33: GL, MS 8674/30–3
  • 98. MDR 1728–46
  • 99. The History and Present State of the British Islands, 1743, vol.ii, p. 170
  • 100. MDR 1725/5/404; 1726/2/11–12; 1726/3/399; 1728/3/ 990; 1732/4/734; 1736/5/567; 1790/4/169: RB
  • 101. MDR 1746/1/384: RB
  • 102. MDR 1790/10/360–1: RB
  • 103. GL, MS 8674/32, f.209; 8674/34, f.68: B, 26 Nov 1864, p.864; 30 Sept 1865, p.689
  • 104. W. Harrison, A New and Universal History, Description and Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1775, p. 540: MDR: RB
  • 105. RB
  • 106. Ibid: LMA, A/FH/K02/007; A/FH/A03/005/004: Pinks, p.vi
  • 107. William Hone, The Year Book of Daily Recreation and Information, 1832 edn, cols 1163–4: Gentleman's Magazine, May 1737, p.315; Aug 1807, p.781; July 1814, p.42: Pinks, p.113: RB
  • 108. H. B. Wheatley and P. Cunningham, London Past and Present, 1891, vol.1, pp.125,441: Swedenborg Society archive, D/39, D/65: Pinks, pp. 78–81
  • 109. Daily Advertiser, 3 June 1745: General Advertiser, 17 July 1746: W. C. Smith, Handel: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Early Editions, 1970, p.189
  • 110. Daily Courant, 21 April 1728: Daily Advertiser, 28 Aug 1744: Pinks, p.120
  • 111. MDR 1771/6/33
  • 112. Lancet, 9 Sept 1865, pp.296–300
  • 113. Pinks, p. 178n: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 4 May 1721, p.235: 27 Oct 1723, p.255: LMA, Acc/137/113–17, box 5, conveyance from Walter Baynes to Robert Warner, 27 Dec 1736
  • 114. 15 Geo. III, c.xxiii
  • 115. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 30 Nov 1726, ff.17–18; 16 May 1727; railway plans (assorted), plan of workhouse 1861, with route of railway under Coppice Row: Cromwell, pp.256–7, 304n
  • 116. ILHC, railway plans (assorted), plan of workhouse 1861, with route of railway under Coppice Row; cuttings file L5.62: Islington Gazette, 7 Nov 1883, p.3: Pinks, p.630: B, 25 Aug 1883, p.270
  • 117. B, 6 June 1868, p.418
  • 118. B, 25 Sept 1880, p. 398: Islington Gazette, 7 Nov 1883
  • 119. DSR
  • 120. MDR 1789/4/217; 1790/3/195,197,201,213
  • 121. LMA, Acc/137/212–34, box 10, lease & release of 15–16 Nov 1803, T. C. Jervoise to Cocker & Cocker; sale particulars of 1811
  • 122. H. Mayhew, The Great World of London, 1856, p.278: POD
  • 123. Paragraph based on: Lucio Sponza, Italian Immigrants in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Realities and Images, 1988; T. Colpi, The Italian Factor: the Italian Community in Great Britain, 1991; David R. Green, 'Little Italy in Victorian London: Holborn's Italian community', in Camden History Review, no.15, 1988, pp.2–6; R. Palmer, 'The Italians: Patterns of Migration to London', in James L. Watson, Between Two Cultures, 1977, pp.242–56; and Angela Fussell, 'Immigrants into Islington: the Italians', in Illustrated Islington History Journal, no. 19, Winter 1988/9, pp. 4–8
  • 124. Colpi, p. 59
  • 125. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, pp.237–8: unsourced cutting of April 1894 in ILHC, L1.7
  • 126. Arnold Bennett, Riceyman Steps, 1954 edn, p.62
  • 127. Camden Local Studies & Archive Centre, photographs LP3862–4B: LMA, AR/TP 62
  • 128. DSR
  • 129. Ibid
  • 130. Ibid: POD
  • 131. Ibid
  • 132. POD
  • 133. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/002812: IBC
  • 134. DSR: POD
  • 135. GL, MS 8674/22, pp.90–1: RB
  • 136. RB
  • 137. LMA, Acc/137: MDR 1720–1: GL, MS 8674/22–4,34 passim: London Borough of Camden, Planning Department, statutory register
  • 138. MDR 1721/6/112–13
  • 139. MDR 1720/4/335; 1720/6/268; 1736/5/458: TNA, C11/1152/8
  • 140. Philip Norman, London Signs and Inscriptions, 1893, p. 165: C. M. Phillips, 'Ancient Street—Name Indicators. Part III', in Home Counties Magazine, vol. vi, 1904, p.306: B, 27 Aug 1898, p. 185
  • 141. RB: POD: IBC
  • 142. MDR 1733/1/303: GL, MS 8674/33, f.268
  • 143. RB: Pinks, pp.77–8
  • 144. J. T. Smith, Vagabondia (quoted in Pinks, p.141)
  • 145. Pinks, p.141: RB: DSR: MDR 1872/7/72, 1872/10/ 494–6: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/06/055221
  • 146. Islington Gazette, 4 Jan 1985, p.1; 11 Jan 1985, p.2; 26 July 1990, p.22: City Recorder, 26 April 1990: IBC
  • 147. DSR: IBC: POD
  • 148. Information supplied by Eastglen Property Services Ltd
  • 149. MDR 1815/7/257–8
  • 150. Census
  • 151. POD: RB: OS
  • 152. LMA, LCC/VA/DD/R403; GLC/AR/BR/34/002931: OS: POD
  • 153. LMA, MJ/OC/21, pp.8–9: ILHC, cuttings L7.33
  • 154. LMA, Acc/137/113–17, Box 5
  • 155. RB
  • 156. Alison Kelly, Mrs Coade's Stone, 1990, pp.406,414
  • 157. DSR: photos in British Postal Museum & Archive
  • 158. A. Highmore, Pietas Londinensis, 1814, pp.276–7
  • 159. William Woodville, The History of the inoculation of the Small-Pox in Great Britain, 1796, vol. 1, p.232: Highmore, p.278
  • 160. Woodville, pp.232–8: Highmore, pp.273–94: Henry Chamberlain, A New and Compleat History and Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1770, p.604: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 1751–2, p.285
  • 161. Highmore, pp.280–2
  • 162. Ibid, pp.283–4: MDR 1761/3/491
  • 163. LMA, Acc/137/97–112
  • 164. Highmore, p.281
  • 165. Quoted in Cromwell, p.302
  • 166. Highmore, p.287
  • 167. Ibid, p.293
  • 168. MDR 1813/9/372: Cromwell, pp.303–4
  • 169. MDR 1824–1828 sub Astle & ors: Endowed Charities (County of London), vol. iii, 1900, p.63: LMA, MA/G/ CBF348
  • 170. 1901 Census
  • 171. Standard, 20 Nov 1885
  • 172. This paragraph is based on: LMA, MJ/OC/11; MA/G/CBF1
  • 173. MA/G/CBF1, passim; MA/G/CBF185; MJ/OC/11, pp.2,84–6, 115–16, 123, 130–1
  • 174. C. Middleton, Plans, Elevations, and Sections of the House of Correction for the County of Middlesex, 1788 (a copy is at LMA, MA/G/CBF30)
  • 175. The World, 13 Aug 1787: A Middlesex Magistrate, The Secrets of the English Bastille Disclosed, 1799, p.8
  • 176. LMA, MA/G/CBF1, April 1788–Oct 1789: Gentleman's Magazine, 1796 (Supplement), p.1065
  • 177. MOLAS report by Tony Thomas, Feb 1994
  • 178. LMA, MA/G/CBF 1, July 1788–Nov 1792
  • 179. Ibid, 9 July 1791
  • 180. Henry Mayhew and John Binny, The Criminal Prisons of London, 1862, p.283
  • 181. LMA, MA/G/CBF 30
  • 182. Ibid; MA/G/CBF1, 27 March 1786; 9 July 1791
  • 183. LMA, MA/G/CBF 30: Sheila Lambert (ed.), House of Commons Sessional Papers of the Eighteenth Century, vol.122, 1975, pp.459–60: B. Lambert, The History and Survey of London And its Environs, 1806, vol. iv, pp.49–50: Cromwell, pp.312–13
  • 184. LMA, MJ/OC/19–20, passim: Mayhew and Binny, pp.282,288,303–4
  • 185. A. Brodie, J. Croom and J. O. Davies, English Prisons, 2002, p.78: B, 16 Feb 1901, p.154
  • 186. LMA, MJ/OC/27, pp.280–90; MJ/OC/29: G. L. Chesterton, Revelations of Prison Life, 1857 edn, pp. 176–7, 196–8
  • 187. LMA, MJ/OC/20, pp.322,408–9
  • 188. LMA, Acc/137/97–112: MDR 1833/4/182; 1828/8/481: William Hone, Table Book, 1827, p.38
  • 189. LMA, MJ/OC/23, pp.143–4, 179–80, 199; MJ/OC/24, pp.274–5,353; MJ/OC/25, pp.224–5
  • 190. LMA, MJ/OC/49–51, 56–59, passim
  • 191. 28 & 29 Vic, c. 126
  • 192. LMA, MA/G/CBF 332; MJ/OC/58–63: Illustrated Times, 24 Aug 1867, pp.113–14: B, 24 Nov 1866, p.874
  • 193. 40 & 41 Vic., c.21: Standard, 20 March 1885, p.3: TNA, HO45/9650/A37852
  • 194. Pall Mall Gazette, 18 June 1889
  • 195. J. J. Sexby, The Municipal Parks, Gardens, and Open Spaces of London; Their History and Associations, 1898, p. 531
  • 196. British Postal Museum & Archive, GPO booklet, Mount Pleasant, n.d. (1930s)
  • 197. The Times, 12 July 1900, p. 11a
  • 198. The Times, 21 Oct 2005, p.60
  • 199. British Postal Museum & Archive, POST 30/530
  • 200. F. E. Baines, Forty Years at the Post Office, 1895, vol. ii, p. 136
  • 201. British Postal Museum & Archive, POST 30/530
  • 202. LMA, LCC/LP/1/36: Baines, p.46: TNA, WORK13/28, 31
  • 203. B, 16 Feb 1901, p.154: TNA, WORK 13/83
  • 204. British Postal Museum & Archive, POST 30/53, plan of Coldbath Fields proposed Central Parcels Office, 7 May 1887
  • 205. LMA, LCC/LP/1/36
  • 206. The Times, 26 Dec 1892, p. 10d
  • 207. Ibid
  • 208. TNA, WORK 13/38,64,65
  • 209. B, 16 June 1900, p.594: City Press, reprinted in The Times, 31 May 1900, p.4c
  • 210. W. Basil Scott, 'Some Historical Notes on the applications of Iron and Steel to Building Construction', in Structural Engineer, Jan 1929, p.99
  • 211. The Times, 12 July 1900, p.11a
  • 212. British Postal Museum & Archive, GPO booklet, Mount Pleasant, n.d. (1930s)
  • 213. LMA, LCC/CL/CD/2/3: British Postal Museum & Archive, 'ARP Arrangements and Incidents at Mount Pleasant During the Second World War: 1939–45' (typescript): D. Luker, Mount Pleasant during the 2nd World War 1939–45, 1991
  • 214. British Postal Museum & Archive, 'From the Rubbish Dump to Prison and Beyond: A brief history of Royal Mail Mount Pleasant' (anon. typescript)
  • 215. British Postal Museum & Archive, POST 30/530; 'A Short History of Royal Mail Mount Pleasant', n.d.
  • 216. TNA, WORK 13/728, 1166,1198,1230,1291: British Postal Museum & Archive, GPO booklet, Mount Pleasant n.d. (1930s); 'From the Rubbish Dump to Prison and Beyond . . .': Architect & Building News, 21 Jan 1927, pp.135–6: The Times, 5 April 1929, p.11c
  • 217. TNA, WORK 13/1291
  • 218. Architect & Building News, 21 Jan 1927, p.135
  • 219. Architect & Building News, 1 April 1938, p.15: The Times, 21 June 1937, p.11b
  • 220. British Postal Museum & Archive, GPO booklet, Mount Pleasant, n.d. (1930s), pp.13–18; 'Mail Rail' leaflet, n.d.
  • 221. Chris Ellmers, 'Clerkenwell: a study in urban growth, with special reference to the period 1590–1841', unpublished draft PhD thesis, 1979, pp.28–30,37: TNA, E164/45: Cromwell, p.256
  • 222. LMA, E/NOR/M/284/1,2: Ellmers, p.53: William Bingham Compton (6th Marquess of Northampton), History of the Comptons of Compton Wynyates, 1930, p.64: Cromwell, pp.273–5: ODNB
  • 223. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/348: Ogilby & Morgan's map, 1676
  • 224. MDR 1761/3/195: RB: Cromwell, pp.255–6: ILHC, cuttings
  • 225. Ellmers, p.30: Ogilby & Morgan's map, 1676: BL, Add MS 17,939B, map of 1720: Cromwell, p.297: Pinks, pp. 89, 143, 168
  • 226. MDR 1727/5/21; 1730/1/2–3; 1741/3/197; 1770/1/252: LMA, E/NOR/L/3/360: RB: Pinks, p.152
  • 227. BL, 778.K.15/7, 'The London-Spaw. Advertisement, August 1685': see also Charles Littleton, 'Elite Science and Popular Pleasures: Robert Boyle, Chemical Analysis and "The Islington Waters"', in Raingard Esser and Thomas Fuchs (eds), Bäden und Kuren in der Aufklärung: Medizinaldiskurs und Freizeitvergnügen, 2003, pp. 161–83
  • 228. François Colsoni, Le Guide de Londres (1693), ed. W. H. Godfrey, 1951, p. 12
  • 229. BL, 778.K.15/7, 'The London-Spaw. Advertisement, August 1685': Add MS 17,939B
  • 230. Poor Robin's Almanack, 1753
  • 231. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/368,674,688: MDR 1735/1/358; 1758/1/530; 1766/6/445; 1766/8/343; 1767/3/487; 1768/4/214: RB: Cromwell, p.254
  • 232. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/370: RB
  • 233. MDR 1735/1/18; 1736/2/72,130–1; 1736/4/352,482; 1736/5/382; 1737/1/89; 1738/5/112; 1739/3/447: LMA, E/NOR/L/3/357: 10 Geo.II, c.28
  • 234. Pinks, p.169: Warwick William Wroth and Arthur Edgar Wroth, The London Pleasure Gardens of the Eighteenth Century, 1896, pp.33–6: BL, Percival Collection, 107
  • 235. Private archive of Treve Rosoman, Box 5, copy of advertisement cutting, 1744: Cromwell, pp.254–5: Pinks, pp. 169–71
  • 236. MDR 1770/5/270–1
  • 237. London Evening Post and Advertiser, 10 March 1774
  • 238. Sandra Millikin, 'Amusement House to Chapel', in Country Life, 23 Sept 1971, pp.748–9: Pinks, pp.141–8
  • 239. BAL Archives, COC/10/1, Journal of C. R. Cockerell, 6 Dec 1826, p.98
  • 240. Pinks, p. 147
  • 241. LMA, SC/PZ/FI/1/78,89
  • 242. BAL Archives, COC/10/1, loc.cit.
  • 243. Millikin, op.et loc.cit.
  • 244. Dora Wiebenson, 'The Two Domes of the Halle au Blé in Paris', in Art Bulletin, vol.55, 1973, pp.264–6
  • 245. BAL, Drawings Collection, SE9/11; SE9/16; SC114/1,6,7,10; SC115/1,2,12: Colvin: S. O'Connell, London 1753, 2003, pp.226–7: J. Bold et al, Greenwich, An Architectural History of The Royal Hospital for Seamen and the Queen's House, 2000, pp.226–7
  • 246. Town and Country Magazine, April 1770, p. 195
  • 247. A Sunday Ramble (c. 1776), pp.48–50
  • 248. John Noorthouck, A New History of London, 1773, p.752
  • 249. St James's Chronicle, 14–16 May 1772, p.4
  • 250. MDR 1774/7/432–3: ODNB
  • 251. From the opening sermon, as quoted in Pinks, p.144
  • 252. MDR 1780/1/390; 1780/2/388–90; 1787/5/181: E. Welch (ed.), Two Calvinistic Methodist Chapels 1743–1811: The London Tabernacle and Spa Fields Chapel, 1975, pp.vii–xix: Cromwell, pp.294–7: Pinks, p.144: ODNB
  • 253. Pinks, p.148
  • 254. LMA, MBO/35, pp.294–306: BAL, Drawings Collection, PB109/1: LMA, E/NOR/L/3/210: DSR: B, 3 Nov 1855, p. 532: ILHC, cuttings: ODNB
  • 255. BN, 14 Feb 1868, p. 117: B, 20 Nov 1886, p.727
  • 256. MDR 1780/1/390; 1780/2/388–90; 1787/5/181: Cromwell, p.295: Pinks, pp.150–1
  • 257. ODNB
  • 258. The Times, 22 Dec 1843, p.7
  • 259. B, 8 Feb 1845, p.69; 15 Feb 1845, p.82; 22 Feb 1845, p.92; 8 March 1845, pp.110–1; 5 April 1845, p.157; 26 April 1845, p.197; 28 June 1845, p.310; 26 Dec 1845: The Times, 26 Feb 1845, p.8; 5 March 1845, p.7: ILN, 1 March 1845, p. 131; 8 March 1845, p.154; 22 March 1845, p.191: ILHC, cuttings
  • 260. B, 28 Sept 1867, p.716: Isabella Holmes, The London Burial Grounds, 1896, p.274
  • 261. B, 11 March 1876, p.252; 22 July 1876, p.709; 2 Dec 1876, p.1182: BN, 27 April 1877, p.429: DSR: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Annual Reports, 1874–84: H. Saxon Snell, Charitable and Parochial Establishments, 1881, pp.47–8
  • 262. 47 & 48 Vic., c.72
  • 263. GL, COL/LIB/PB04/001 passim; COL/LIB/PB04/003, p.43; COL/LIB/PB04/004, pp.7,25: Holmes, pp.273–8
  • 264. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p. 137
  • 265. WAC, Acc/1934/174, p.327: The Times, 11 Sept 1884, p.8: B, 20 Nov 1886, p. 727: Reginald Brabazon Meath, Public playgrounds for children, 1893: LCC, London Parks and Open Spaces, 1924, p.75: LMA, E/NOR/Y/2, typescript by H. G. T. C., 1929: The story of Finsbury, 1935, p.62
  • 266. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/052955: ILHC, FBC Mins, 16 Oct 1923, pp.240–1: DSR
  • 267. London Borough of Islington, South Area Committee Mins, 27 Sept 2005: Islington Gazette, 9 Feb 2006: site information
  • 268. Rob Humphreys et al, The Rough Guide to London, 2005 edn, p.226
  • 269. MDR 1770/1/252; 1771/6/7: RB
  • 270. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/4; E/NOR/L/3/187–91,213,220: MDR 1787/7/216: RB
  • 271. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1, p. 11; E/NOR/L/2/4; E/NOR/ L/3/224: RB: Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company Plan no.66, 1792
  • 272. Cromwell, p.293: Pinks, pp.582–3: ODNB
  • 273. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/225–6,245
  • 274. LCC Mins
  • 275. LCC Mins: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry, Works Committee Mins; cuttings file L1.7, programme for public opening
  • 276. ILHC, FBC Mins: TNA, BT31/7521/53557
  • 277. FBC Mins
  • 278. B, 22 July 1865, p.530
  • 279. LMA, E/NOR/L/5/1: TNA, IR58/42651/1669–77: LCC Mins, 23 June 1903, p.979
  • 280. B, 5 Aug 1930, p.239: DSR
  • 281. Castle Ashby, Northampton Estate Archives, Box LON 61, File 1361B: AJ, 27 July 1994, pp.17–18
  • 282. MDR 1763/3/444; 1764/3/44,197; 1764/4/106,477; 1764/5/162,255; 1765/1/379; 1765/6/83–4; 1766/1/452: RB: LMA, SC/PZ/FI/2/13
  • 283. DSR: RB
  • 284. MDR 1763/3/693: RB: LMA, E/NOR/L/3/199
  • 285. IBC
  • 286. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/4; E/NOR/L/3/186,198–200; MBO/PLANS/83: RB
  • 287. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/172–3: MDR 1765/6/634; 1768/1/ 488: RB
  • 288. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/182,196: RB: DSR
  • 289. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/013509: LCC Mins
  • 290. LMA, E/NOR/E/7/2, p. 12
  • 291. Drew Whitelegg, 'From Market Stalls to Restaurant Row: the Recent Transformation of Exmouth Market', in London Journal, vol.27, no.2, 2002, pp.84–5
  • 292. DSR
  • 293. B, 5 Dec 1903, p.593: POD
  • 294. ILHC, FBC Building Act applications, vol.4: DSR
  • 295. LMA, Acc/2305/9/53: Census: DSR
  • 296. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/227–36,907
  • 297. DSR
  • 298. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/243–4
  • 299. DSR
  • 300. LMA, E/NOR/L/5/3: DSR
  • 301. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/246: RB
  • 302. Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company Plan no. 58
  • 303. RB
  • 304. DSR: Highbury & Islington Express, 2 March 2001
  • 305. DSR
  • 306. ODNB
  • 307. RB: MDR 1777/1/69: GL, MS 11936/472/938798: ODNB
  • 308. ODNB: EH, Blue Plaques file 647
  • 309. ODNB: The Publishers' Circular and Booksellers' Record, 22 April 1922, p.359: GL, MS 11936/483/966948; 11936/ 497/1008076; 11936/514/1069227; 11936/524/1105083: RB: POD
  • 310. RB: POD: Census: www.oldbaileyonline.org
  • 311. The Times, 5 May 1825, p.4: RB: Census
  • 312. LMA, MBO/PLANS/83: RB: POD: Census
  • 313. B, 3 Nov 1855, p.532: DSR
  • 314. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/182–6,196–209,243: RB: DSR: POD: Census: B, 8 Aug 1868, p.596
  • 315. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 30 Sept 1891: WAC, Acc/1934/174, p.547: ILHC, cuttings; Paving Commissioners Letter Book, 1837–9, p.132
  • 316. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Minutes, 21 July 1892: BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p. 139
  • 317. Isabella Holmes, The London Burial Grounds, 1896, p.274
  • 318. G. E. Mitton, The Fascination of London: Clerkenwell & St Luke's, 1906, p.61
  • 319. W. Pett Ridge, Mrs Galer's Business, 1905
  • 320. Shopping, July 1927: POD: DSR: TNA, IR58/ 42941/2007–8
  • 321. POD: DSR
  • 322. Islington Gazette, 11 Oct 1968, p.1: Guardian, 14 May 1975, p.20: IBC
  • 323. Islington Gazette, 15 Oct 1992, p.3: Drew Whitelegg, 'From Market Stalls to Restaurant Row: the Recent Transformation of Exmouth Market', in London Journal, vol.27, no. 2, 2002, pp. 84–5
  • 324. Highbury & Islington Express, 6 Dec 1996: Evening Standard, 5 Aug 1997: ILHC cuttings: Whitelegg, op.et loc.cit.
  • 325. New York Times, 8 May 2005, at http://travel2. nytimes.com
  • 326. www.exmouth-market.com, accessed 14 Sept 2006
  • 327. J. D. Sedding, 'Modern Ecclesiastical Art', in Transactions of St Paul's Ecclesiological Society, Vol. ii, 1886–90, p.7
  • 328. B, 14 May 1887, p.733: Holy Redeemer, Clerkenwell, Church & Parish Chronicle, Aug 1893, p.2
  • 329. BN, 25 Dec 1891, p.923
  • 330. Boucher, pp. 19–20
  • 331. Church Times, 29 Sept 1882, cited in Boucher, p.64
  • 332. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 50566/1: Boucher, pp. 19–20
  • 333. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 50566/2: LPL, Jackson Papers (uncatalogued), correspondence in Box 21
  • 334. Daily Chronicle, 15 Oct 1888, p.3: LPL, ICBS File No.927, June–July 1887
  • 335. Holy Redeemer Church & Parish Chronicle, Aug 1893, p.5
  • 336. Church Times, 19 Oct 1888, p.902: LPL, Temple Papers, vol.34, pp.317–18, 321–4
  • 337. ILN, 3 Nov 1888: Boucher, p.29
  • 338. Islington Gazette, 17 Oct 1888, p.3
  • 339. Henry Parr Maskell, Hints on Building a Church, 1905, p.134; E. Hermitage Day, Some London Churches, 1911, p. 19
  • 340. B, 7 May 1887, p.670: Colin Amery, Wren's London, 1988, pp 121, 142, 152, 154; Peter Howell and Ian Sutton (eds), The Faber Guide to Victorian Churches, 1989, p.77
  • 341. Architectural Review, Dec 1897—May 1898, p.192
  • 342. B, 21 Nov 1885, pp.716, 722, 723
  • 343. Architect, 8 May 1891, p.284
  • 344. Daily Chronicle, 15 Oct 1888, p.3: Weekly News & Chronicle, 20 Oct 1888, p. 5
  • 345. Nigel Yates, Buildings, Faith and Worship: The Liturgical Arrangement of Anglican Churches 1600–1900, 1991, p.171
  • 346. Holy Redeemer Church & Parish Chronicle, Sept 1906
  • 347. Church Times, 19 Oct 1888, p.902
  • 348. Holy Redeemer Church & Parish Chronicle, Aug 1894, p.2; June 1895, p.2
  • 349. Holy Redeemer Vestry Mins, 14 July 1921: Holy Redeemer Herald, July 1922: IBC
  • 350. Church Times, Oct 1927
  • 351. Holy Redeemer Herald, Feb 1925: IBC
  • 352. This section is largely based on Boucher: Holy Redeemer Church & Parish Chronicle: Holy Redeemer Herald: misc. records and papers kept at Holy Redeemer
  • 353. BN, 25 Dec 1891, pp.898,900
  • 354. Holy Redeemer Church & Parish Chronicle, Oct 1900
  • 355. Ibid, Passiontide 1901
  • 356. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 50566/3
  • 357. Ibid, file 3636
  • 358. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/026514: CERC, Church Commissioners' file 50566/3: Holy Redeemer Herald, March 1914; June 1916: IBC
  • 359. IBC
  • 360. MDR 1766/2/457; 1755/2/392; 1755/3/172: RB
  • 361. POD
  • 362. Pinks, p. 167
  • 363. GL, Ms 24172: Gentleman's Magazine, 18 Feb 1793: ODNB
  • 364. DSR
  • 365. MDR 1788/1/498: Pinks, p.89: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/5, p.46
  • 366. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/6; E/NOR/L/3/692
  • 367. DSR: LMA, E/NOR/L/3/42,247–8, 256, 361–4
  • 368. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, pp. 133–5
  • 369. ILHC, FBC Mins, 16 Oct 1923, pp.240–1; 22 June 1933, p.187: LMA, E/NOR/E/8/3/1–2; E/NOR/E/10/1–7; E/NOR/E/11/1–5; E/NOR/E/12/1–8
  • 370. LMA Photographs: Castle Ashby, Northampton Estate Archives, Box LON 22, file 1083; Box LON 45, file 1653; BOX 62, file 1339
  • 371. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/40–3: DSR
  • 372. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/39: B, 13 Nov 1852, p.728; 19 March 1887, p.360: DSR
  • 373. ILHC, FBC Building Act applications, vol.4: DSR: IBC: B, 10 May 1929, p.883
  • 374. FBC Mins, 19 Oct 1933, p.421: DSR
  • 375. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/078133; GLC/AR/BR/30/ 78133: Castle Ashby, Northampton Estate Archives, Box LON 46, files 1590, 1651: DSR: IBC: B, 15 April 1938, p.758: A. C. Armstrong, Bouverie Street to Bowling Green Lane: Fifty-five Years of Specialized Publishing, 1946, pp. 198–203: Neil Jackson, F. W. Troup, Architect, 1859–1941, 1985, p.116
  • 376. N. Avery et al, 'London Metropolitan Archives: An Overview for Researchers', in Contemporary British History, Sept 2005, pp.377–95: IBC
  • 377. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/4; E/NOR/L/3/38: WAC, Acc/ 1934/136, pp.193,613: BL, Add MS 17,939b: Cromwell, p.256: Pinks, pp.90,188
  • 378. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/4
  • 379. ODNB
  • 380. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/6: DSR
  • 381. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p.137
  • 382. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/30/78133: Castle Ashby, Northampton Estate Archives, Box LON 62, file 1343
  • 383. City Recorder, 12 Feb 1987: Islington Gazette, 8 Sept 1988, 20 April 1989, 24 May 1990
  • 384. The Times, 23 March 1988
  • 385. IBC
  • 386. ILHC, FBC Mins, Maternity and Child Welfare Committee Mins, 1924–7: ILHC, FBC, Pine Street Maternity and Child Welfare Centre, Opening Ceremony, 4th April 1927: B, 5 Nov 1926, p.758: DSR
  • 387. FBC Mins, 1931–5: LCC Mins 15 May 1934, 13 Feb 1935
  • 388. FBC Mins, 22 Jan 1935
  • 389. Abigail Beach, 'Potential for Participation: Health Centres and the Idea of Citizenship c. 1920–1940', in Christopher Lawrence and Anna-K. Meyer (eds), Regenerating England, 2000, pp. 208–11: Elain Harwood, 'Healthcare and Hospitals', unpublished report, English Heritage, July 2004, pp. 5–6
  • 390. John Allan, Berthold Lubetkin: Architecture and the tradition of progress, 1992, p.331 (account of the Finsbury Health Centre, pp.330–48): AJ, 18 June 1933, pp.114–16
  • 391. Finsbury Citizen, May and Aug 1935
  • 392. FBC Mins, 18 Feb, 5 March 1936
  • 393. Ibid, 16 June 1936
  • 394. Ibid, 5 Jan 1937
  • 395. Ibid, 16 Feb, 23 March 1937
  • 396. Municipal Journal and Public Works Engineer, 14 Oct 1938
  • 397. ILHC, The Opening of Finsbury Health Centre, October 21 1938, sketches in booklet. For initial publication see The Times, 4 Oct 1938; B, 21 Oct 1938, p.770; The Spectator, 28 Oct 1938, pp.708–9; Architect & Building News, 13 Jan 1939, pp.65–73; AR, Jan 1939, pp. 7–22
  • 398. The Times, 4 Oct 1938
  • 399. Architect & Building News, 13 Jan 1939, p.74.
  • 400. Allan, p.337
  • 401. Ibid, p. 341
  • 402. J. M. Richards, An Introduction to Modern Architecture, 1940 edn, pp.115–17.
  • 403. Allan, pp.375,442
  • 404. The Lancet, 16 March 1946, pp.392–3
  • 405. AJ, 23 June 1982, pp.55–69
  • 406. Architectural Review, June 1988, pp.46–50
  • 407. AJ, 16 Feb 1995, pp.22–3
  • 408. Sadler's new Tunbridge Wells near Islington. A full account how they were found out, n.d. (c. 1684): New Tunbridge Wells near Islington. Rules proper to be observed in drinking these waters, 1684: Robert Boyle, 'Short Memoirs for the Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters' (1685), in Edward B. Davis and Michael Hunter (eds), The Works of Robert Boyle (1999–2000), vol.10
  • 409. TNA, C7/299/2: RB: ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677 (transcript of BL, Sloane MS/3928 by T. VeeversThompson, 1929): London Gazette, 24 Sept 1685: Cromwell, pp.350–9: Pinks, pp.398–406
  • 410. Ned Ward, A Walk to Islington: with a Description of New Tunbridge Wells and Sadler's Musick-House, 1699, p.12: see also Richard Ames, Islington-Wells; or the Threepenny Academy, 1691: François Colsoni, Le Guide de Londres (1693), ed. W. H. Godfrey, 1951, p.6
  • 411. MDR 1726/6/282: RB
  • 412. MDR 1726/6/282: GA, D3549, 38/4/1: RB: Cromwell, p.357
  • 413. LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/239
  • 414. George Lyttelton, A Satyr on the New Tunbridge Wells, 1733: see also Gentleman's Magazine, May—June 1733, pp.267, 324: Islington: or, the humours of New Tunbridge Wells, 1733: James Drake, The Humours of New Tunbridge Wells at Islington, 1734: Elizabeth McKellar, 'Peripheral Visions: alternative aspects and rural presences in mideighteenth-century London', in Art History, vol.xxii, no.4, Nov 1999, pp.495–513 (esp. pp.500–2)
  • 415. A Sunday Ramble; or Modern Sabbath-Day Journey, n.d. (c. 1776), pp.47–8: MDR 1778/6/167; 1799/1/347: GA, D3549, 38/4/1: Cromwell, pp.355–6: Pinks, p.404
  • 416. MDR 1815/2/437; 1818/5/1: GA, D3549, 38/3/7; 38/6/4,5,8: Pinks, pp.405–6
  • 417. George Daniel, Merrie England in the Olden Time, vol. 1, 1840, p.31: Warwick William Wroth and Arthur Edgar Wroth, The London Pleasure Gardens of the Eighteenth Century, 1896, pp.15–24
  • 418. GA, D3549, 38/4/1; 38/6/10: Pinks, pp.406–9
  • 419. MDR 1843/8/856–7: ILHC, cuttings
  • 420. MBW Mins, 11 Nov 1859, p.722; 9 March 1860, p. 187: DSR: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/14/29
  • 421. Low-life: Or, One half of the world knows not how the other half live, c. 1750, p.46
  • 422. Pinks, pp.408–9: MDR 1799/1/345,348: RB: LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/251
  • 423. LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/256: Cromwell, p.254: Pinks, pp.169, 172: Wroth and Wroth, pp.37–9
  • 424. LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/50/1; Acc/2558/NR13/51/1–4; E/NOR/L/3/689: MDR 1766/2/346; 1766/6/298; 1770/1/253: Jane and Mark Rees, Christopher Gabriel and the Tool Trade in 18th-century London, 1997, pp.43–4
  • 425. R. Ward, London's New River, 2003, pp.49–51, 96: Thames Water, Abbey Mills, 'A Plan and Survey of the New River', 1775, altered 1809, and an untitled New River Company plan dated 14 Jan 1805: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808; James Tyrer's plan of Clerkenwell, 1805: Pinks, p.408
  • 426. GA, D3549, 38/6/5, pt 1: VCH, Middlesex, vol. viii, 1985, pp. 19–20: EH, Historians' file ISL 6
  • 427. MDR 1815/2/437–8
  • 428. GA, D3549, 38/3/2, p.27; 38/6/4,5,7,8: MDR 1812/6/83; 1812/8/212–13; 1812/9/241; 1818/5/2–5; 1821/5/402; 1824/7/715; 1824/8/374; 1825/11/762; 1826/1/690: LMA, Acc/1953/C/895
  • 429. LMA, Acc/1953/C/898: MDR 1821/4/133
  • 430. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 16, 2 April 1840, 8 June 1840; 38/4/14: Census
  • 431. LMA, Acc/1953/C/838,896–8, 936, 938–40: see also John Smallshaw, Henry Rydon and the Highbury New Park Estate, n.d. (c. 1980)
  • 432. Census
  • 433. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/10, p.124
  • 434. LMA, Acc/1953/C/760,875,908–11, 1067; Acc/2558/ NR/1/7–10: MDR 1814/1/802–3; 1817/2/196; 1821/2/181–2; 1822/4/332; 1822/8/184–7; 1882/9/185; 1824/2/436, 801: Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company Plans, nos 41,42, n.d: RB: Census: ILHC, cuttings: IBC
  • 435. LMA, Acc/1953/C/752,873,876,911–12; Acc/2558/NR/ 1/21: MDR 1822/5/517: MBW Mins: DSR: TNA, C107/127: Pinks, pp.172–4
  • 436. LMA, Acc/1953/C/898
  • 437. Cromwell, p.278
  • 438. Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company plans of 1805 and c. 1818 (no.58)
  • 439. Pinks, p.398
  • 440. Cromwell, p.350: J. J. Sexby, The Municipal Parks, Gardens and Open Spaces of London: Their History and Associations, 1898, p.530: LMA, Acc/1953/C/871–7,879,894–5: The Times, 8 April 1841, p.7e: Pinks, pp.397–8
  • 441. LMA, Acc/1953/C/735,937: MDR 1820/8/571; 1821/3/ 550; 1822/2/57
  • 442. LMA, Acc/1953/C/879
  • 443. Calendar of Patent Rolls, Edward VI, vol.V, pp. 197–8
  • 444. J. F. Wadmore, Some account of the Worshipful company of Skinners, 1902, p.220: TNA, PROB11/163/13
  • 445. GL, Ms 30708/10, pp.89,108: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/ 12/43
  • 446. GL, Ms 30708/19, pp.159,175,185,188
  • 447. Ibid, pp.189–90, 293–5, 296–9, 313: LMA, HFCS/P9/8
  • 448. LMA, MJP/L/15–22; Acc/1359: Gentleman's Magazine, Aug 1854, p.202
  • 449. GL, Ms 30708/19, p.376
  • 450. GL, Ms 30708/20, pp.337,347,360–1
  • 451. Ibid, pp.360–72
  • 452. Ibid, p.380
  • 453. Ibid, pp.376–9, 391–2,404
  • 454. GL, Ms 30708/23, p.38: MDR
  • 455. MDR 1825/4/589: G. E. Mitton, The Fascination of London: Clerkenwell & St Luke's, 1906, p.46
  • 456. Lambeth Archives, Artizans', Labourers' & General Dwellings Co. Mins: B, 15 Oct 1898, p.348: IBC
  • 457. GL, MS 30714/2, pp.298,315: DSR
  • 458. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/19/2186
  • 459. GL, MS 30714/7, p.20; Ms 30714/9, p.425: DSR: IBC
  • 460. GL, MS 30714/11, p.130: DSR: IBC
  • 461. Islington Gazette, 31 March 1978: GLC Mins, 14 March 1978, p.84: site information
  • 462. Finsbury Weekly News, 20 Jan 1967
  • 463. The Times, 6 May 1887, p.10f: The Story of the London Boroughs: Finsbury, 4th edn, 1935, p.66
  • 464. GL, MS 30714/1, p.238
  • 465. BN, 17 May 1889, p.684
  • 466. The Times, 11 March 1890, p.3; 11 Oct 1890, p.6: DSR: ILHC, Notes re building costs
  • 467. Roy Hidson, The Birth of a Library Service: Islington 1855–1904 (n.d.): ILHC, V. J. Dawson, 'A History of Finsbury Public Libraries 1887–1969', unpublished thesis, 1969
  • 468. BN, 11 April 1890, p.533; 1 Aug 1890, pp.138–40
  • 469. ILHC, exhibition brochure
  • 470. The Library, vol. ix, 1897, p.320: V. J. Dawson, 'A History of Finsbury Public Libraries 1887–1969', unpublished thesis, 1969: Islington Gazette, 26 Oct 1892
  • 471. ILHC, FBC Mins, 16 July 1936
  • 472. Ibid, 23 Sept 1937
  • 473. Ibid, 29 March, 14 July 1938
  • 474. John Allan, Berthold Lubetkin: Architecture and the tradition of progress, 1992, p.352, fig.8.18; and for Spa Green generally, pp.380,393–405,596
  • 475. FBC Mins, 13 April 1939
  • 476. Ibid, 16 Sept 1943: BAL Archives, LUB/2/1
  • 477. FBC Mins, 15 Nov 1943
  • 478. Ibid
  • 479. Ibid, Feb—Oct 1944: BAL Archives, LUB/1/23, 2/1
  • 480. FBC Mins, 14 Sept, 12 Oct 1944
  • 481. Ibid, 14 Dec 1944: BAL Archives, LUB/2/3: BAL, Photographs Collection, Lubetkin photographs 5059/1,5
  • 482. FBC Mins, March—May 1945: BAL Archives, LUB/2/3
  • 483. BAL Archives, LUB/1/25
  • 484. FBC Mins, Feb—March 1946: BAL Archives, LUB/3/1, 3/4
  • 485. FBC Mins, 11 July 1946, 1 July 1951
  • 486. Ibid, 12 March, 20 May 1946
  • 487. Architect & Building News, 2 Aug 1946, p.69
  • 488. AJ, 1 Aug 1946, p.77: BAL Archives, LUB/3/1/39
  • 489. FBC Mins, 13 March 1947
  • 490. ILHC, Order of Proceedings for the Completion Ceremony of the Spa Green Estate, 29 April 1949
  • 491. For articles on Spa Green see B, 2 Aug 1946, pp.112–15: Architect & Building News, 2 Aug 1946, pp.68–73; 20 May 1949, pp.442–6: AJ, 12 Sept 1946, pp.191–5; 5 May 1949, pp.416–18,422; 26 April 1951, pp.517–22,530: AR, March 1951, pp.138–49: Architectural Design, May 1951, pp. 132–41
  • 492. Architect & Building News, 2 Aug 1946, p.72
  • 493. Allan, pp.398,400
  • 494. Architectural Design, May 1951, p. 140
  • 495. Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England. London except the Cities of London and Westminster, 1952, pp.126–7
  • 496. Islington Gazette, 17 Jan 1980: B, 25 June 1982, pp.32–4
  • 497. AJ, 9 Sept 1987: B, 8 April 1988, p.19; 20 May 1988, p. 57
  • 498. Highbury & Islington Express, 17 July, 31 Dec 1988; Guardian Weekend, 8 Aug 1998, pp.34–5
  • 499. The Guardian, 16 Nov 2005
  • 500. Information from Rachel Godden of Islington Borough Council
  • 501. GL, MS 30708/39, pp.417,433: ILHC, FBC Housing Committee Mins, 8 April 1958, p.10; 7 July 1958, p.122; 21 July 1958, p.162
  • 502. ILHC, FBC Mins, 9 Oct 1961, p.749; 4 Mar 1963, p.516; Housing Committee Mins
  • 503. FBC, Housing Committee Mins, 7 Oct 1963, p.314
  • 504. FBC, Housing Committee Mins, 6 May 1963, p.64: 'The Finsbury Programme', in Official Architect and Planner, Nov 1967, pp.1623–9: Tersons are the Builders, 1965, pp.30–1: ILHC, London Borough of Islington booklet produced for official opening of the estate, 1968
  • 505. Information kindly supplied by Mike Rees, Homes for Islington
  • 506. Judy Hillman, 'Out of London's Switch ... a Taste of Luxury', in Evening Standard, 28 Feb 1967: FBC Mins
  • 507. Elain Harwood, unpublished report for English Heritage, 2006: ILEA Mins: ILHC, cuttings, commemorative booklet, 1971: AJ, 14 July 1971, pp.58–60: Survey of London, vol. xliii, 1994, pp.230–3
  • 508. Finsbury Weekly News, 7 March 1975
  • 509. IBC: Cusdin, Burden & Howitt, Chartered Architects, brochure, n.d. (c. 1984)
  • 510. AJ, 18 May 1994, pp.31–40
  • 511. Ibid
  • 512. IBC
  • 513. Sidney Webb, The Work of the LCC, 1895, p.11
  • 514. T. C. Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, vol.2, 1974, p.94
  • 515. DSR
  • 516. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, pp.123,139,141
  • 517. Guardian, 21 June 2003
  • 518. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 19 April 1861–8 May 1862
  • 519. LMA, Acc/1953/A/77
  • 520. LMA, MBW/2389
  • 521. LMA, MBW/2387; MBW/2451
  • 522. LMA, MBW/2390
  • 523. LMA, MBW 2451; MBW Mins, 20 July 1877, p. 108
  • 524. LMA, MBW/1059
  • 525. MBW Mins, 20 July 1877, p.108: Percy J. Edwards, History of London Street Improvements 1855–1897, 1898, p.181
  • 526. MBW Mins
  • 527. MBW Mins, 23 June 1882, pp.995–7
  • 528. LMA, MBW/1059: WAC, Acc/1934/173
  • 529. MBW Mins: LMA, MBW/1044; MBW/1059
  • 530. LMA, MBW/1044; MBW/1060; MBW/1232; MBW/ 1370; MBW/2454; MBW/2649: Edwards, p.181
  • 531. LMA, MBW/1370; MBW/2454; MBW/2649: MBW Mins
  • 532. LMA, MBW/1370; MBW/1232
  • 533. LMA, MBW/1234; MBW/1377
  • 534. LMA, MBW/1061: WAC, Acc/934/174
  • 535. MBW Annual Reports, 1887, 1888
  • 536. LMA, MBW/1862–3
  • 537. LMA, MBW/2321: MBW Mins; MBW Annual Report, 1888
  • 538. LMA, MBW/1243; MBW Annual Report, 1887
  • 539. LMA, MBW/1243
  • 540. LMA, LCC/MIN/7814: LCC Mins: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins
  • 541. LMA, LCC/MIN/7814; LCC/CE/RB/3/40: LCC Mins
  • 542. LCC Mins
  • 543. Ibid
  • 544. Ibid
  • 545. MBW Mins, 15 March 1889, p.673
  • 546. LMA, LCC/CE/RB/3/40
  • 547. LCC Mins
  • 548. LMA, LCC/MIN/2804: LCC Mins: DSR
  • 549. LMA, LCC/CE/RB/3/40: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry, Works Committee Mins
  • 550. DSR
  • 551. LCC Mins
  • 552. Ibid: LMA, LCC/MIN/2821
  • 553. LCC Mins, 14 March 1893, p.289
  • 554. LCC Mins
  • 555. LMA, LCC/MIN/2821; LCC/MIN/2806
  • 556. LCC Mins
  • 557. Ibid
  • 558. Ibid
  • 559. Ibid: DSR
  • 560. LCC Mins
  • 561. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/010186: LCC Mins
  • 562. BN, 17 Nov 1893, p.647
  • 563. LMA, LCC/MIN/2806: DSR: LCC Mins
  • 564. LMA, LCC/MIN/2815, 7 July 1890
  • 565. Isobel Watson, 'The Buildings of James Hartnoll', in Newsletter of the Camden History Society, No. 58, March 1980: Isobel Watson, 'Five Per Cent Philanthropy: Model Houses for the Working Classes in Victorian Camden', in Camden History Review, no.9, 1981, pp.4–9
  • 566. C. Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, 1st series: Poverty, vol.3, 1904 edn, pp.24–5
  • 567. LMA, LCC/VA/DD/137/1–8; LCC/VA/DD/135/1
  • 568. DSR
  • 569. LCC Mins
  • 570. Ibid: LMA, LCC/MIN/7815; LCC/MIN/7254, pp. 503–4; LCC/VA/DD/R119,120
  • 571. LMA, LCC/MIN/2804; LCC/MIN/7815; LCC/MIN/ 7814: DSR
  • 572. Information supplied by St Pancras Housing Association
  • 573. LMA, LCC/VA/DD/R119
  • 574. LMA, LCC/AR/WAR/1/3: date-stone on building: information supplied by St Pancras Housing Association
  • 575. Information supplied by St Pancras Housing Association
  • 576. LCC Mins
  • 577. LMA, LCC/MIN/2804; LCC/MIN/7815; LCC/MIN/ 2816
  • 578. LMA, LCC/MIN/2805; LCC/MIN/2816
  • 579. LCC Mins: LMA, LCC/VA/DD/124: DSR
  • 580. BAL, ARIBA Nomination Papers: B, 18 June 1937: Journal of the RIBA, 1937, p.1009
  • 581. LMA, LCC/MIN/2804; LCC/MIN/2805; LCC/MIN/ 2817; LCC/MIN/2821: LCC Mins: DSR: IBC
  • 582. IBC: LMA, LCC/MIN/2805; LCC/MIN/2806
  • 583. LCC Mins
  • 584. Patent No.13143, Provisional Specification 1885; Complete Specification, 1886
  • 585. LMA, LCC/MIN/2806
  • 586. LCC Mins
  • 587. Ibid: LMA, LCC/VA/DD/R123/1; LCC/VA/DD/ R123/2
  • 588. Journal of the RIBA, vol. 35, 1928, p.312
  • 589. Judy Glasman, 'London Synagogues in the late 19th century: design in Context,' in London Journal, vol.8, no.2, 1987–8, pp.143–55
  • 590. TNA, IR58/42940/1996
  • 591. DSR: LCC Mins: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/002542; GLC/AR/G/34/1–2; GLC/AR/BR/17/010186: TNA, IR58/42940/1940–1
  • 592. LCC Mins
  • 593. Ibid
  • 594. IBC
  • 595. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/002399; GLC/AR/BR/34/ 002645; GLC/AR/BR/17/010186; Acc/1953/C/ 845,847,936: DSR
  • 596. LMA, Acc/1953/C/793,796,1112: DSR
  • 597. LMA, Acc/1953/C/800,806, 1119, 1130, 1132, 1140
  • 598. AJ, 3/10 Jan 1990, p.49: Building Design, 7 Feb 1992, p.5: Architecture Today, May 1992, pp.30–2,38: World Architecture, Feb 1998, pp.64–81
  • 599. This account is based largely on ILHC, St James Clerkenwell, Commissioners' Mins; Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, Works Committee Mins and Letter-books; FBC Mins; 'Some Historical and other Notes Concerning Finsbury Town Hall', n.d. (c. 1930): 'Vestry Hall, Clerkenwell', in BN, 10 July 1857, p.713: Pinks, p.175
  • 600. Pinks, p. 579
  • 601. DSR
  • 602. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 5 Feb 1857
  • 603. DSR: BN, 28 March 1879, p.x
  • 604. A Brief Account of the Clerkenwell Town Hall, n.d. (1895)
  • 605. Ibid: Evening News, 6 Dec 1889: 'Clerkenwell Town Hall', in London, 19 April 1894
  • 606. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 6 Jan 1887
  • 607. LCC Mins, 26 July 1892, pp. 756–7
  • 608. BN, 17 Nov 1897, p.647
  • 609. BAL, FRIBA nomination papers
  • 610. Ibid: B, 27 March 1886, p.471; 17 Dec 1887, p.866; 31 March 1888, pp.230,238
  • 611. B, 12 May 1900, p.473
  • 612. B, 21 April 1893, p.555. This possibility was suggested by James Weeks, of Alan Baxter Associates
  • 613. A Brief Account of the Clerkenwell Town Hall, n.d. (1895), p. 15
  • 614. Ibid
  • 615. ILHC, 'Clerkenwell town hall' booklet, n.d. (1895).
  • 616. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 27 Feb 1896
  • 617. Ibid, 15 Sept, 2 Dec 1897: B, 14 Jan 1899, p. 44 (illus)
  • 618. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/012578
  • 619. ILHC, 'Some Historical and other Notes Concerning Finsbury Town Hall', n.d. (1930), p. 11
  • 620. Text largely based on 'Finsbury Borough Control', 2004, published by Subterranea Britannica research group at www.subbrit.org.uk: Tecton, Planned A.R.P: Based on the Investigation of Structural Protection Against Air Attack in the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury, 1939
  • 621. Islington Gazette, 15 March 1970, p.9
  • 622. Islington Gazette, 26 May 1994
  • 623. Islington Chronicle, 20 March 1981: Guardian, 15 Oct 1987: Islington Building Preservation Trust, summary of a report by Robert Hughes, architect, July 1994
  • 624. ILHC, cuttings L3.131, draft interim report by Boyden South Wood, June 1995
  • 625. AJ, 21 April 2005, p. 46
  • 626. Information from Donna Skelton, Arts Team Architects (Renton Howard Wood Levin), and Urdang Dance Theatre
  • 627. LMA, LCC/VA/DD/R119: MBW Mins: MBW, Annual Reports, 1887, 1888
  • 628. The Artizans' and General Properties Co. Ltd, The Artizans' Centenary, 1867–1967, 1967
  • 629. DSR
  • 630. TNA, ED 21/11596: B, 26 Aug 1876, p. 842; 6 Dec 1884, p. 780: LCC Mins: SBL Mins
  • 631. TNA, ED 161/13320
  • 632. Ofsted Report, 2002
  • 633. R. D. Connor, The Weights and Measures of England, 1987, pp. 334–6
  • 634. LCC Mins
  • 635. LMA, LCC/MIN/2821; LCC/MIN/2806: LCC Mins, 5 April 1898, p. 417: DSR
  • 636. LMA, LCC/MIN/2804; LCC/MIN/2805; MR/P (N/S) 45/4: B, 19 Dec 1891, p. 476; 18 March 1893, p. 219; 27 Aug 1898, pp. 185–6
  • 637. IBC: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/003626
  • 638. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/320; E/NOR/E/07/002, p.8: DSR: ILHC, FBC Building Act Applications, vol.4
  • 639. LCC Mins: DSR
  • 640. MDR 1853/12/825; 1854/1854/5/128–30, 997–9: DSR
  • 641. LCC Mins, 25 March 1890, p. 259
  • 642. DSR
  • 643. LCC Mins: DSR: B, 18 July 1891, p. 56: BN, 17 July 1891, p. xiv
  • 644. POD
  • 645. MDR 1732/5/645–7: RB
  • 646. MDR 1814/4/478–9: LMA, MR/PLT 1726–46
  • 647. IBC: POD: information supplied by E. & J. H. Lewis
  • 648. IBC
  • 649. Clerkenwell News, 14 Dec 1866, p.2
  • 650. MBW Mins
  • 651. LMA, MBW/914, p.474: PP 1876 (371), XI. 53, Report ... on Metropolitan Fire Brigade, 20 July 1876, p. 218: Diana Burfield, Edward Cresy 1792–1858, 2003, pp. 181–2
  • 652. LMA, LCC/Misc.P/59/1–9
  • 653. LCC Mins
  • 654. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/021308: B, 28 Jan 1905, pp. 98–9: S. Beattie, A Revolution in London Housing, 1980, pp.10, 12
  • 655. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/021308; LCC/Misc.P/59/1–9
  • 656. LCC Mins: LMA, LCC/MIN/5995
  • 657. LCC Mins: DSR
  • 658. LMA, GLC/AR/PLI/1/18/1–44
  • 659. Journal of the RIBA, vol. 52, no. 2, Dec 1944, p. 58: EH, historians' file ISL 85
  • 660. LMA, GLC/AR/PLI/1/18/1–44
  • 661. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/021308
  • 662. DSR
  • 663. ILHC, FBC Building Act applications, vol.4: DSR
  • 664. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0741: DSR: ILHC, cuttings L4.5: Chris Draper, Islington Cinemas and Film Studios, n.d. (1989), p.40
  • 665. LMA, LCC/VA/DD/R123/4
  • 666. DSR: BN, 24 July 1896, p.136; 4 Dec 1896, p.831: LCC Mins
  • 667. F. W. Hartley, Gas Measurement and Gas Meter Testing, 1882, p.8: T. J. Barnes, A Synopsis of the Statutes Public and Private Affecting Metropolitan Gas Companies, 1900, pp. 42–3
  • 668. LMA, LCC/MIN/2821: Trevor I. Williams, A History of the British Gas Industry, 1981, p. 64
  • 669. Hartley, pp. 34, 48–54
  • 670. LMA, GLAC/AR/BR/34/002131: LCC Mins, 26 March 1929, p.474; 23 April 1929, p.623
  • 671. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/002131: AJ, 28 Sept 1983, p.55: B, 1 March 1985, pp. 32–3
  • 672. LMA, LCC/VA/DD/R124/1
  • 673. LCC Mins: BN, 6 April 1894, p.488; 15 March 1895, p. 371 & illus.: TNA, IR58/42938/1766–7
  • 674. DSR: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/003241
  • 675. IBC
  • 676. Journal of the RIBA, May 1998, interiors supplement, pp. 26–9
  • 677. MDR 1846/5/755–6; 1849/3/427–8; 1850/5/633–4: DSR
  • 678. J. J. Sexby, The Municipal Parks, Gardens and Open Spaces of London: Their History and Associations, 1898, p. 530: Cromwell, p. 350
  • 679. ILHC, cuttings L1.7: LMA, MBW/1234: LCC Mins
  • 680. LCC Mins: B, 17 Aug 1895, p. 114: Sexby, pp. 531–2
  • 681. LCC Mins, 15 June 1920, p.149
  • 682. Financial Times, 23 March 1996
  • 683. TNA C7/299/2
  • 684. TNA, E179/143/370, rot.51d
  • 685. Quoted in Robert Ward, London's New River, 2003, p. 205: LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/7, folder 3, f.181a
  • 686. RB: 'Four Shillings In The Pound Aid 1693–1694: Middlesex, St James Clerkenwell, Islington', in Centre for Metropolitan History, 1992, see www.british-history.ac.uk: ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677 (transcript of BL, Sloane MS/3928 by T. Veevers-Thompson, 1929)
  • 687. British Museum, Hind 77 II/II
  • 688. BL, Crach.1. Tab.4.b.4, Percival Collection of Cuttings Relating to Sadler's Wells (14 vols), vol.1
  • 689. Robert Boyle, 'Short Memoirs for the Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters' (1685), in Edward B. Davis and Michael Hunter (eds), The Works of Robert Boyle (1999–2000), vol. 10, p. 236: Charles Littleton, 'Elite Science and Popular Pleasures: Robert Boyle, Chemical Analysis and "The Islington Waters"', in Raingard Esser and Thomas Fuchs (eds), Bäder und Kuren in der Aufklärung: Medizinaldiskurs und Freizeitvergnügen, 2003, pp. 161–83
  • 690. BL, Percival Collection, vol.1, p.217
  • 691. Joseph Strutt, The Sports and Pastimes of the People of England. A new edition much enlarged and corrected by J. Charles Cox, 1903, p.230: Gentleman's Magazine, Dec 1813, pp. 553–5
  • 692. Trans. from François Colsoni, Le Guide de Londres (1693), ed. W. H. Godfrey, 1951, pp.6, 19
  • 693. Michael Tilmouth, 'Some early London concerts and music clubs, 1670–1720', in Journal of the Royal Musical Association, no.84, 1957, pp. 13–26
  • 694. Colsoni, p. 19
  • 695. Richard Ames, Islington Wells; or the Threepenny Academy, 1691
  • 696. Ned Ward, A Walk to Islington with a Description of New Tunbridge Wells and Sadler's Music-house, 1699, pp.12–15
  • 697. BL, Percival Collection, vol 1 passim
  • 698. Mary Cosh, A History of Islington, 2005, p.64, n.16
  • 699. Ned Ward, Weekly Comedy, 24 May 1699, in BL, Percival Collection, vol. 1, p.85: Gentleman's Magazine, Dec 1813, p.558
  • 700. The Inquisitor, June 1711: God's Judgment Against Murderers; or an account of a cruel and barbarous Murther, committed on Thursday night the 14th of August at Sadler's Musick-house, near Islington, 1712: Old Bailey Proceedings T17120910–28
  • 701. BL, Harley MS 5931, advertisement
  • 702. Gentleman's Magazine, Dec 1813, pp.553–8
  • 703. TNA, C/7/299/2
  • 704. GA, D3549, 38/4/1, p.2
  • 705. Ibid: TNA, PROB11/597
  • 706. John Hawkins, History of Music, 1796, vol.4, p.390
  • 707. GL, MS 8674 passim
  • 708. Gentleman's Magazine, Dec 1813, p.560
  • 709. GL, MS 8674/44, p. 233 (policy no. 59754)
  • 710. GL, MS 8674/57, p.67
  • 711. John Noorthouck, A New History of London, 1773, p. 350: David Thomas (ed.), Theatre in Europe: A Documentary History. Restoration and Georgian England, 1660–1788, 1989, p.225
  • 712. GA, D3549, 38/4/1; 38/4/3: Dennis Arundell, The Story of Sadler's Wells, 1683–1977, 1978, p.14
  • 713. GL, MS 8674/57, p.67
  • 714. Martin Holmes, 'The Two Stages at Sadler's Wells', in Theatre Notebook, vol.8, no.3, April—June 1954, pp.62–3
  • 715. Warwick William Wroth and Arthur Edgar Wroth, The London Pleasure Gardens of the Eighteenth Century, 1896, pp.200,202,302
  • 716. Ibid
  • 717. BL, Percival Collection, vol. 1 passim
  • 718. Gentleman's Magazine, Dec 1813, p.561
  • 719. BL, Percival Collection, vol.1 passim
  • 720. GL, MS 8674/101, p.312
  • 721. GA, D3549, 38/4/1
  • 722. GL, MS 8674/101, p.312 (policy no.83175)
  • 723. The Nic Nac or Literary Cabinet, 12 June 1824, p.218
  • 724. GL, MS 8674/128, p.24; MS 8674/134, p.58; MS 8674/138, p.233; MS 8675/1, p.26
  • 725. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells buildings file no. 1, cutting of March 1844
  • 726. BL, Percival Collection, vol.1, p.157, cutting
  • 727. Ibid
  • 728. Arundell, p.27: MDR 1771/5/541: BL, Percival Collection, vol.1 pp. 175–6
  • 729. Arundell, p.27: MDR 1771/5/541
  • 730. BL, Percival Collection, vol. 1, p.175, cutting dated 18 Sept 1771
  • 731. BL, Percival Collection, vol. 1, p. 181
  • 732. GA, D3549, 38/4/3 pt 1, letter of 4 Aug 1775
  • 733. GL, MS 8674/113; MS 8674/128 (policy nos 88127, 83175): BL, Percival Collection, vol.1, p.181, cutting of 13 April 1772
  • 734. BL, Percival Collection, vol. 1, p.192, cutting, n.d. (c. 1775)
  • 735. GA, D3549, 38/4/3 pt, 1, letter from Thomas King, 18 March 1776
  • 736. BL, Percival Collection, vol.1, pp.76–83: NMR, MaysonBeeton Collection, 65B SAD 1840 (sic) S, 'Notes and Queries of Old England: The Dibdins' House, Sadler's Wells'
  • 737. Arundell, p.33
  • 738. Gentleman's Magazine, Dec 1813, p. 562
  • 739. BL, Percival Collection, vol.2, cutting of 21 April 1787
  • 740. Arundell, p.48
  • 741. George Speaight (ed.), Professional and Literary Memoirs of Charles Dibdin the Younger, 1956, pp.17–33, 47
  • 742. GA, D3549, 38/6/4
  • 743. Speaight, p.47
  • 744. ODNB
  • 745. GA, D3549, 38/6/4
  • 746. Survey of London, vol.xxxv, 1970, p. 50
  • 747. Richard Leacroft, The Development of the English Playhouse, 1984
  • 748. Arundell, pp.80–1
  • 749. Speaight, p.48
  • 750. BL, Harley MS 5931, collection of theatrical ephemera: ODNB
  • 751. Speaight, p. 59
  • 752. Ibid
  • 753. Speaight, pp.60–3: Allan S. Jackson and John Morrow, 'Aqua Scenes at Sadler's Wells Theatre 1804–1824, in Ohio State University Theatre Collection Bulletin, no.9, 1962, pp.22–38: Ward, p.206
  • 754. Speaight, p.60, n.2
  • 755. Jackson and Morrow, op.et loc.cit.
  • 756. Speaight, p.60, n.1: Jackson and Morrow, p.36
  • 757. Jackson and Morrow, op.cit.
  • 758. Ibid, pp.28–34
  • 759. ODNB
  • 760. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 1
  • 761. Arundell, pp.101, 105
  • 762. GA, D3549, 38/4/6; 38/6/10: Cromwell, p. 379: British Stage, vol.5, no.55, July 1821, p.215
  • 763. BL, Percival Collection, vol. 1, ff. 76–82
  • 764. Ibid
  • 765. Ibid
  • 766. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 5: LMA, Acc/1953/C/771: Speaight, p. 104
  • 767. GA, D3549, 38/6/10: Arundell, p.102
  • 768. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 4
  • 769. Ibid, 38/6/9
  • 770. Ibid, 38/6/10; 38/3/2
  • 771. Arundell, p. 114: GA, D3549, 38/6/3, pt 11
  • 772. BL, Th.Cts. 49, newspaper cutting of 24 April 1832: Arundell, p.118
  • 773. Arundell, p. 139
  • 774. ODNB
  • 775. ILN, 25 July 1846, p.53: Times, 29 July 1846, p.5f
  • 776. Arundell, p. 144
  • 777. DSR: B, 20 May 1848, p.251
  • 778. DSR
  • 779. MDR 1854/4/455
  • 780. London Journal, 22 Nov 1879, p.328
  • 781. ILHC, sale particulars (also reprinted in Pinks, pp. 435–6)
  • 782. ILHC, cuttings
  • 783. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadlers Wells buildings Box, newspaper cutting dated 1875: B, 17 April 1875, p.358
  • 784. BN, 4 Feb 1876, p.133
  • 785. TNA, BT 31/2205/10369: LMA, MR/L/MD/139/01
  • 786. LMA, MR/L/MD/139/01
  • 787. B, 3 March 1877, p.216: DSR
  • 788. TNA, BT 31 series passim
  • 789. 'Sadler's Wells', in Penny Illustrated Newspaper, 20 Jan 1877, p.7: B, 3 March 1877, p.216
  • 790. ODNB: B, 28 Sept 1878, p.216: TNA, J 46/701
  • 791. David Owen, The Government of Victorian London 1855–1889, 1982, pp. 117–19: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/ 07/0293
  • 792. Hugh Maguire, 'C. J. Phipps (1835–97) and nineteenth century theatre architecture (1863–97)', PhD thesis, University of London, 1990: ODNB
  • 793. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293, report of 27 June 1883
  • 794. BN, 17 Oct 1879, p.476; 24 Oct 1879, p.509: The Times, 10 Oct 1879, p.4
  • 795. London Journal, 22 Nov 1878, pp.327–8
  • 796. Penny Illustrated Newspaper, 11 Oct 1879, p.2: The Era, 10 Oct 1879: Kate Newman, Dictionary of Ulster Biography, 1993: www.ulsterbiography.co.uk
  • 797. Quoted in Edwin Fagg, Old 'Sadler's Wells', 1935, pp.14–15
  • 798. GA, D4084/Box72/8
  • 799. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 800. Ibid, report of Crewe & Sprague, architects: Penny Illustrated Newspaper, 10 Nov 1887, p.3
  • 801. The Echo, 11 Sept 1891
  • 802. William Morris Gallery, Walthamstow, A141, A150, A150b–d
  • 803. ODNB: Gillian Darley, Octavia Hill, 1990
  • 804. Arundell, pp.172–80
  • 805. ILHC, postcard of 1910
  • 806. LMA GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 807. GA, D4084/Box72/8: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 808. G. J. Mellor, The Northern Music Hall, 1970: Arundell, pp. 180–1
  • 809. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 810. Arundell, pp. 175–6
  • 811. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 812. Arundell, p.183
  • 813. Daily Chronicle, 6 Feb 1914
  • 814. Arundell, p. 182
  • 815. Ibid, p.183
  • 816. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 817. Arundell, pp. 182–3
  • 818. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293: National Library of Australia, Canberra, Tait family papers, MS 309: Paul Bentley, 'J. C. Williamson Ltd', Research paper No. 5, Jan 2005, The Wolkanski Foundation: www.twf.org.au
  • 819. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 820. DSR
  • 821. Arundell, p.183
  • 822. R. P. P. Rowe, 'A Twelfth Night Jubilee', in Daily Telegraph, 6 Jan 1931
  • 823. R. P. P. Rowe, 'The Old Vic and Sadler's Wells', in Music and Letters, April 1932, pp. 141–6
  • 824. ODNB: Arundell, p.185: Music and Letters, April 1932, pp.141–6
  • 825. Music and Letters, April 1932, pp. 141–6
  • 826. B, 12 Feb 1926, p.292: LCC Mins: Music and Letters, April 1932, pp.141–6
  • 827. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 828. Ibid
  • 829. B, 9 Jan 1931, p. 120
  • 830. Architect & Building News, 9 Jan 1931, p.57
  • 831. Ibid, pp.55–60: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 832. Architect & Building News, 9 Jan 1931, pp. 55–60
  • 833. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 834. Ibid
  • 835. Architect & Building News, 9 Jan 1931, pp.55–60
  • 836. Theatre Museum, cutting in Sadler's Wells Building Box: The Sadler's Wells Book, 1931, p. 44
  • 837. Arundell, p. 189
  • 838. Architect & Building News, 9 Jan 1931, pp.55–60: B, 9 Jan 1931, p.120
  • 839. LMA, Acc/1953/C/825; Raymond Mander and Joe Mitchenson Theatre Collection, Sadler's Wells file, cutting, 'The new Sadler's Wells extension', 1 July 1938
  • 840. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293: Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 1: fundraising flyer, n.d. (1937)
  • 841. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 842. Arundell, p. 214
  • 843. ILHC, cuttings
  • 844. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 2, newspaper cutting: Guardian, 1 April 1963
  • 845. ILHC, cuttings; FBC Mins, 7 Sept 1964
  • 846. Mander and Mitchenson collection, 'Sadler's Wells', unidentified report, c.1970
  • 847. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 2, newspaper cutting: Daily Telegraph, 18 Nov 1971
  • 848. BIOS Reporter, vol.27, no.2, April 2004, pp.5–12
  • 849. Mander and Mitchenson collection, cutting, 16 Oct 1959: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 850. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0293
  • 851. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 2: Guardian, 18 May 1966
  • 852. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 2: Daily Telegraph, 23 April 1977
  • 853. Quoted by David Benedict in 'Bringing the house down', Independent, 21 June 1996
  • 854. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 2
  • 855. Independent, 21 June 1996
  • 856. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 1, undated appeal brochure (c. 1983)
  • 857. Information kindly supplied by Stephen Remington: The Stage, 7 Feb 1983
  • 858. AJ, 26 Oct 1988, p.10
  • 859. AJ, 25 July 1990, p.14: Evening Standard, 10 May 1990: The Times, 11 June 1990: The Observer, 24 June 1990
  • 860. The Times, 18 July 1991
  • 861. Theatre Museum Archive, Sadler's Wells Buildings Box 1, publicity materials, c. 1994
  • 862. Sadler's Wells: A Celebration, 1683–1998, 1998, p.19
  • 863. EH, London Region file 3070/II (Sadler's Wells)
  • 864. Building Design, 25 Sept 1998, p.2
  • 865. Information kindly supplied by Roger Spence: Building Services Journal, Feb 1999, pp. 39–41: AJ, 19 Nov 1998, pp. 39–44: Sadler's Wells: A Celebration, 1683–1998, 1998, p.23
  • 866. Building Design, 8 March 1996, p.5
  • 867. AJ, 19 Nov 1998, p.21
  • 868. Guardian, 12 Oct 1998, p.10
  • 869. Metropolitan Water Board, The Water Supply of London, 1961, pp.1–7: Bernard Rudden, The New River: A Legal History, 1985, pp.7–8: Robert Ward, London's New River, 2003, pp.16–18
  • 870. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic, 1603–10, 93, letter of 18 April 1604: Ward, pp.19–21, 45–6
  • 871. 3 Jac 1, c.18; 4 Jac I, c.12: Ward, pp.21–4, 45–6: G. C. Berry, 'Sir Hugh Myddelton and the New River', in Transactions of the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion, 1957, pp.17–46: ODNB: A. W. Skempton et al (eds), A Biographical Dictionary of Civil Engineers in Great Britain and Ireland, I: 1500–1830, 2002
  • 872. Pat. Roll. 10 Jac I, pt 10, n.19: TNA, LR 2/34/1
  • 873. Mark S. R. Jenner, 'From conduit community to commercial network? Water in London, 1500–1725' in Paul Griffiths and Mark S. R. Jenner (eds), Londinopolis: Essays in the cultural and social history of early modern London, 2000, p.265
  • 874. ODNB
  • 875. Anthony Munday, John Stow's A Survay of London, 1618, p. 20
  • 876. TNA, LR 2/27/1–2; LR 2/28/1–2; LR 2/34/7: Ward, pp.24–53, 68–71: Rudden, pp.14–22
  • 877. ILN, 22 Nov 1856, pp.521–3
  • 878. LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/7: Rudden, pp.27–31, 37–8: Ward, pp. 61–7
  • 879. LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/1/1–4: Ward, pp.72, 79–80, 86–7, 90–3
  • 880. Asok Kumar Mukhopadhyay, 'The Politics of London Water', in London Journal, vol.1, no.2, 1975, pp. 207–24
  • 881. Rudden, pp. 181–90
  • 882. Ward, pp.209–12: The Times, 18 Oct 2006, p.52
  • 883. Berry, p.34: Ward, pp.29,38,42: TNA, LR 2/28/1, account for 1 May 1613: Chris Ellmers, 'Clerkenwell: a study in urban growth, with special reference to the period 1590–1841', unpublished draft PhD thesis, 1979, pp.11–12
  • 884. LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/15/32: TNA, LR 2/27/1–2; LR 2/28/1–2: Ward, p.42
  • 885. LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/17/17; Acc/1558/NR13/44/ 14: Ward, pp.49–51
  • 886. Science Museum Library, Berry Collection: ILN, 22 Nov 1856, p. 521
  • 887. The Gentleman Angler, 1736, p.115
  • 888. LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/314/6: BL, Add MS 70,341: Ward, pp. 55–7
  • 889. Ward, pp.187, 207: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/1
  • 890. Ward, pp.49–51, 96: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/2; Acc/ 2558/NR/13/50/1; Acc/2558/NR/51/1–4: Thames Water, Abbey Mills, 'A Plan and Survey of the New River', 1775, altered 1809, and an untitled New River Company plan dated 14 Jan 1805: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808; James Tyrer's plan of Clerkenwell, 1805
  • 891. Ward, pp.81,142–52: ODNB: Skempton et al, pp.466–71: Robert Ward, The Man Who Buried Nelson: the surprising life of Robert Mylne, 2007
  • 892. Skempton et al, pp.467–8: BAL Archives, Myfam/14/3: Ward 2003, pp.81, 159–60
  • 893. See for example Brunswick Wharf, Blackwall, in Survey of London, vol.xliv, pp.593–5: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/14, pp. 522,537
  • 894. Rudden, pp.131–180: Ward 2003, pp.171–84: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/19, pp.459,494; Acc/2558/NR/1/20, p.308
  • 895. ILN, 22 Nov 1856, pp.521–3
  • 896. Mary Cosh, An Historical Walk Through Clerkenwell, 1987 edn, p.33: EH, London Region file 820/NRH ND
  • 897. POD: LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/14/195: IBC
  • 898. Metropolitan Water Board Mins, 3 Nov 1922: ILHC, cuttings: EH, London Region file 820/NRH PT3, HB, ND
  • 899. LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/15/32; Acc/2558/MW/C/ 289/2; Acc/2558/MW/C/17/17; Acc/2558/NR13/44/ 13: TNA, LR 2/28/2: Berry, pp.32, 39: National Portrait Gallery, portrait of Sir John Backhouse, 1637
  • 900. As quoted in Ward 2003, p.87, from a typed transcription of c. 1951 from a 'charred fragment' at LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/7
  • 901. LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/7, folder 3, f.181a: RB: ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677 (transcript of BL, Sloane MS/3928 by T. Veevers-Thompson, 1929): TNA, E179/ 143/370, rot.51d
  • 902. Pinks, pp.398,456–7: Rudden, pp.68–70
  • 903. François Colsoni, Le Guide de Londres (1693), ed. Walter H. Godfrey, 1951
  • 904. LMA, New River Company Mins
  • 905. LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/15/364: Ward 2003, p.93
  • 906. DSR: David Braithwaite, Building in the Blood: The Story of Dove Brothers of Islington 1781–1981, 1981, p.125: BAL Archives, DB/3/9/1: Architectural Association Sketch Book, 3rd series, vol.ii
  • 907. BL, Add MS 70341: Gentleman's Magazine, March 1753, pp. 114–16: Science Museum Library, Berry Collection, 2/8: Ward 2003, pp.108–28, 235–6: ODNB: Skempton et al, pp. 641–4
  • 908. LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/15/199,238: Daniel Defoe, A Tour thro' the whole Island of Great Britain, 1725, vol.ii, p.150: Ward 2003, pp. 129–41, 151–2
  • 909. Cromwell, p.348: Pinks, engravings facing p.432 and on p.458: Ward 2003, p.155
  • 910. The Water Supply of London, pp. 12–15,27
  • 911. LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/15/1–9,41; Acc/2558/NR13/ 5/2: Science Museum Library, Berry Collection, 2–5: E. Kilburn Scott, 'Smeaton's Engine of 1767 at New River Head, London', in Transactions of the Newcomen Society, vol.xix, 1938/9, pp.119–26: Ward 2003, pp.151–4: ODNB: Skempton et al, p.623: J. S. Allen, 'Steam Engines', in A. W. Skempton (ed.), John Smeaton, FRS, 1981, pp. 179–94
  • 912. Cromwell, p.350
  • 913. The Royal Society Library, John Smeaton, 'Engineering Drawings', vol.iii, ff.10v–20
  • 914. LMA, AR/BR/06/007463: Ward 2003, pp.154–7
  • 915. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/2, pp.26,232,235,270; Acc/2558/ NR/1/3, pp.6,20,29; Acc/2558/MW/C/15/038; Acc/ 2558/MW/C/238/01: Birmingham City Archives, Boulton & Watt Drawings Portfolio (hereafter BCA, B&W) 1090
  • 916. LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/15/68
  • 917. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/4, pp.47,72; Acc/2558/MW/ C/15/68: BCA, B&W 1082 and Boxes 3/6/94–5, 4/11/62–3 and 22/2: Ward 2003, p.158
  • 918. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/7, p.118; Acc/2558/NR/1/8, p.197: BCA, B&W 1089a, b
  • 919. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/16, pp.32,108; Acc/2558/NR/ 1/17, pp.205–10,491; Acc/2558/NR13/189: BCA, B&W 1089a, b: DSR: H. W. Dickinson, The Cornish Engine: a chapter in the history of steam power, 1951, pp.24–7: R. J. Law, The Steam Engine: A brief history of the reciprocating engine, 1965, pp.20–3: maker's plate on staircase: obituary of Grissell in Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, 1882–3, vol.lxxiii, no.3, pp.376–8: D. A. Gasparini and Caterina Provost, 'Early nineteenth century developments in truss design in Britain, France and the United States', in Construction History, vol.v, 1989, pp.257–69
  • 920. Ward 2003, pp.210–11: Science Museum Library, Berry Collection, 4/7/1: Thames Water drawings
  • 921. Metropolitan Water Board Mins, 7 Feb, 25 July 1913, pp. 102–4, 411–14: unless otherwise indicated this section is based on Metropolitan Water Board Mins and General Purposes Committee reports; see LMA, Acc/2558/ MW/1: Braithwaite, pp.14–15,32,114–15: Architect & Building News, 24 June 1932, pp.413–14
  • 922. B, 16 Jan 1914, p.69: BN, 5 June 1914, pp. 768–71
  • 923. Metropolitan Water Board Mins, 29 May 1914
  • 924. B, 13 Feb 1914, p.224
  • 925. B, 16 March 1934, p.453: Architecture Illustrated, April 1935, pp.107–8: Morning Post, 9 Dec 1935, p.20: LMA, AR/BR06/007463; NMR, Matthew T. Shaw photograph
  • 926. Independent on Sunday, 15 Sept 1996, pp.66–8: Interiors, Jan 2000, pp.94–101: Marcus Binney with David Dorrell, 'Pleasure Domus', in World of Interiors, Jan 2000, pp.92–101: EH, London Region files 820/NRH PT3, PC1–4, HB
  • 927. B, 9 April 1904, p.390
  • 928. B, 4 June 1920, p.659: Architectural Review, Oct 1920, pp.86–9: Metropolitan Water Board Mins, 28 April 1941: The Water Supply of London, p.38: LMA, Acc/2558/MW/C/8/23: Ward 2003, p.90
  • 929. Geoffrey Beard, The Work of Grinling Gibbons, 1989, p.211: David Esterly, Grinling Gibbons and the Art of Carving, 1998, pp.96–7: Architectural Review, Aug 1911, pp.105–6
  • 930. BL, Add MS 23,071 (George Vertue's notebooks): Walpole Society, vol.iv, 1916, p.65: Ellis Waterhouse, Dictionary of 16th and 17th century British painters, 1988, pp.56–7: Metropolitan Water Board Mins, 25 March 1863, 26 Oct 1865, 20 Feb 1868
  • 931. Amos 4:7
  • 932. NMR, RCHM investigator's record card, A. W. Clapham, 4 Oct 1912: Ward 2003, pp.88–90
  • 933. Ward 2003, p.90
  • 934. EH, Historians' file ISL 25: Acc/2558/MW/C/8/27(3): Architect & Building News, supplement, 28 Oct 1938, pp. 62–6: IBC: Ward 2003, p.94
  • 935. EH, London Region file 820/NRH LB
  • 936. Philip Norman, 'On an ancient conduit-head in Queen Square, Bloomsbury', in Archaeologia, vol.lvi, no.2, 1899, pp.251–66: Philip Norman and Ernest Mann, 'On the White Conduit, Chapel Street, Bloomsbury, and its connexion with the Grey Friar's water system', in Archaeologia, vol.lxi, no.2, 1909, pp.347–56: Philip Norman, 'Demolition of conduit-head, Queen Square', in Archaeologia, vol.lxvii, 1915–16, pp.18–26: George McHardy, unpublished notes on the Imperial Hotel, Russell Square, for the Victorian Society, 1966: C. J. Bond, 'Water Management in the Urban Monastery', in Roberta Gilchrist and Harold Mytum (eds), Advances in Monastic Archaeology (BAR British Series 227, 1993), p.61
  • 937. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/6, p. 106
  • 938. DSR
  • 939. G. E. Mitton, The Fascination of London: Clerkenwell and St Luke's, 1906, p.81
  • 940. Madeline House and Graham Storey (eds), The Letters of Charles Dickens Volume One 1820–1839, Oxford, 1965, p.99
  • 941. Country Life, 28 Jan 1939, p.90
  • 942. ILHC, cuttings: Islington Gazette, 13 May, 13 Aug 1976: Bernard Rudden, The New River: a legal history, 1985, pp. 188–90: Robert Ward, London's New River, 2003, p.199
  • 943. GA, D3549, 38/1/12: MDR 1744/3/544–5; 1799/1/ 345–6,370: LMA, Acc/2558/NR12/44
  • 944. LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/42/1–6,287–8: VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p.71: Ward, pp. 161–70, 190–1
  • 945. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/7: Ward, pp.81,159–61
  • 946. GA, D3549, 38/6/8
  • 947. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 25 June 1811: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/7, 9: TNA, B3/2262: Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company Plan no.58, c.1818
  • 948. VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, pp.25,68
  • 949. Ibid, pp.22–3,147
  • 950. LMA, Acc/1953/C/866/4
  • 951. B, 7 April 1855, p.165: Samuel Lewis, The History and Topography of the Parish of St Mary Islington, 1842, p.362: Register of Apprentices of the Worshipful Company of Clockmakers, 1931, p.50: Gentleman's Magazine, vol.xxxii (n.s.), 1849, p.558: J. P. Elliott, 'The architectural works of Richard Cromwell Carpenter (1812–55), William Slater (1819–72) and Richard Herbert Carpenter (1841–93)', PhD thesis, University of London, 1995, and personal communication: LMA, HFCS 6, 7
  • 952. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/10, pp.275,279; Acc/2558/NR/ 1/11, p.337
  • 953. Weekly Dispatch, 27 April 1834, p.1
  • 954. Ward, pp.197–8: TNA, C/107/127; J90/628
  • 955. G. L. Morris, 'Clerkenwell in the early nineteenth century', in AJ, 25 Aug 1926, pp.230–2; 1 Sept 1926, pp.260–2; 8 Sept 1926, pp.292–4: Christopher Hussey, 'Georgian London: the lesser known squares', in Country Life, 28 Jan 1939, pp.90–4: James Stevens Curl, 'The Challenge of Clerkenwell — II: lessons of a Georgian suburb', in Country Life, 22 April 1971, pp.969–72
  • 956. Numerous fanlights on the New River estate are illustrated in A. S. Gray, J. Sambrook, T. Birks-Hay, Fanlights, 1990
  • 957. GA, D3549, 38/1/12: LMA, Acc/2558/NR13/285; Acc/2558/NR13/314/6: Pinks, pp.396–7: Robert Ward, London's New River, 2003, pp. 130–2,207
  • 958. Thomas Carlyle, Reminiscences, 1881, vol.i, p.212: Mary Cosh, The squares of Islington Part I: Finsbury and Clerkenwell, 1990, pp.21–3
  • 959. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/10, p.341: Cromwell, p.331: Pinks, p.397: Ward, pp.193–4
  • 960. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/19, pp.205,494,555; Acc/2558/ NR/1/20, pp. 163,196–7,286; LMA, Acc/2558/NR14/56; ILN, 22 Nov 1856, p. 522
  • 961. ILHC, cuttings, letter of 27 May 1885, John Cross to Lord Brabazon
  • 962. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/23/1, pp.227, 326: BN, 8 Aug 1862, p.106
  • 963. Ward, p.212
  • 964. Thomas Carlyle, Reminiscences, 1881, vol.i, p.212
  • 965. LMA, Acc/1953/C/866: MDR
  • 966. TNA, B3/2262: Colvin
  • 967. LMA, Acc/1953/C/866–9,915: MDR: DSR
  • 968. LMA, Acc/1953/C/867–9; Acc/2558/NR/1/8–11: MDR: RB
  • 969. LMA, Acc/1953; Acc/2558: MDR: RB
  • 970. LMA, Acc/1953/C/870,913–18; Acc/2558/NR/1/7–10: MDR: RB
  • 971. LMA, Acc/1953; Acc/2558: MDR: RB
  • 972. Cromwell, p.331
  • 973. E. A. Willats, Streets with a Story: The Book of Islington, 1988 edn: ODNB
  • 974. ODNB
  • 975. Matthew Sturgis, Walter Sickert: A Life, 2005, p.82
  • 976. Census: ODNB
  • 977. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B236, p.83; B353, p.119: information kindly supplied by Robert Ward
  • 978. LMA, Acc/1953/C/1002: LMA photographs: DSR: private archive of Mary Cosh: ILHC, Islington Housing Committee (New River Estate) Joint Sub-Committee Mins: electoral registers: Harley Sherlock, An Architect in Islington, 2006, pp.86–90
  • 979. Horwood's map: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808
  • 980. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9,10: RB
  • 981. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 5
  • 982. Ibid, 38/6/2
  • 983. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 6: MDR 1822/4/695; 1823/2/645
  • 984. RB: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9: MDR 1822/10/685
  • 985. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 5
  • 986. Ibid, 38/4/13; 38/6/2, pt 6; 38/6/9: The Times, 29 Sept 1826, p.20
  • 987. RB
  • 988. MDR 1835/8/297–8: GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 4
  • 989. MDR: LMA, Acc/1953/C/849,915: DSR
  • 990. POD
  • 991. LMA, Acc/1953/C/849–52,905: MDR: TNA, B3/1734
  • 992. ODNB
  • 993. Pinks, pp.575–6: POD
  • 994. LMA, Acc/1953/C/852: MBW Mins, 24 Nov 1865: DSR: POD: EH, Historians' file ISL 142
  • 995. Daily Telegraph, 22 Nov 1972: joke retailed by Robert Ward
  • 996. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B82, p.62: DSR: POD
  • 997. POD: 1841 Census
  • 998. GA, D3549, 38/4/5
  • 999. LMA, Acc/1953/C/1132,1134: DSR: POD
  • 1000. LMA, Acc/1953/C/997,1293; Acc/2558/NR/1/10–11: Pinks, pp.576–8: TNA, ED 21/11414, 34649: BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B236, p.245: www.oftsed.gov.uk/ reports/100/100436.pdf, Ofsted report, 2000
  • 1001. LMA, Acc/1953/C/858,899–907,934; Acc/2558/NR/1/ 9–15: RB
  • 1002. LMA, Acc/1953; Acc/2558: MDR: RB
  • 1003. DSR: LMA, AR/BR/22/34912
  • 1004. LMA, Acc 1953/C/1105,1162: DSR: BAL Archives, LUB 2/7, 30 March 1946: ILHC, FBC Mins, 11 June 1946: POD
  • 1005. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/10, p.229; Acc/2558/NR/1/12, p.277
  • 1006. LMA, Acc/1953/C/901: Census
  • 1007. RB: Census: POD: ODNB: Pinks, pp.436–7
  • 1008. ODNB: POD
  • 1009. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p.119
  • 1010. Ibid, B236, pp. 114,241: Census
  • 1011. Fenner Brockway, Towards Tomorrow, 1977, pp.23–5
  • 1012. DSR
  • 1013. B, 31 March 1944, pp.252–4
  • 1014. LMA, Acc/1953/C/979,1007–8,1102–4,1131,1174: private archive of Mary Cosh: ILHC, electoral registers
  • 1015. Islington Gazette, 7 Feb 1975: ILHC, Islington Housing Cttee (New River Estate) Joint Sub-Committee Mins: electoral registers
  • 1016. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9, p.397
  • 1017. Quoted in Basil Clarke, Parish Churches of London, 1966, p. 57
  • 1018. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196
  • 1019. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9–10: CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196: GL, Ms 19,224/393: Gentleman's Magazine, vol.xcix, no.1, 1829, p.581
  • 1020. J. Mordaunt Crook, 'Sir Robert Smirke: A Pioneer of Concrete Construction', in Transactions of the Newcomen Society, vol.38, 1965–6, pp.5–20: H. M. Colvin (ed.), The History of the King's Works, 1782–1851, vol.vi, 1973, pp.422–30: M. H. Port, Six Hundred New Churches: The Church Building Commission 1818–1856, 2006
  • 1021. T. Francis Bumpus, London Churches, Ancient & Modern, Second Series, Classical & Modern, 1907, p. 124
  • 1022. Colvin: information kindly supplied by Jon Cannon
  • 1023. B, 7 April 1855, p.165
  • 1024. Gentleman's Magazine, Jan—June 1829, p.579
  • 1025. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196
  • 1026. ODNB
  • 1027. Gentleman's Magazine, Jan—June 1829, pp.580–1: H. L. L. Denny, A History of St Mark's Myddelton Square, E. C., 1921: Pinks, p. 395
  • 1028. GL, MS 18,319/3,14,84: B, 1 Feb 1873, p.83: Denny: DSR: BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B236, p.116: J. P. Elliott, 'The architectural works of Richard Cromwell Carpenter (1812–55), William Slater (1819–72) and Richard Herbert Carpenter (1841–93)', PhD thesis, University of London, 1995
  • 1029. V&A, AAD 1/20–1977, p.86: information kindly supplied by Dr Michael Kerney
  • 1030. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196: GL, MS 19,224/393: DSR: IBC
  • 1031. IBC: BAL, Drawings Collection, plan by H. Norman Haines: David Braithwaite, Building in the Blood: The Story of Dove Brothers of Islington 1781–1981, 1981, p.144: Islington Gazette, 5 May 1961; 13 April 1962
  • 1032. ILHC, cuttings
  • 1033. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9–13: MDR: RB: LMA, Acc/1953/C/787,853,859,862–3,946
  • 1034. LMA, Acc/1953; Acc/2558: MDR: RB
  • 1035. DSR: ILHC, cuttings: Alec Forshaw, 20th Century Buildings in Islington, 2001, p.60
  • 1036. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9–10: P. Temple, Islington Chapels, 1992, pp.26–7
  • 1037. LMA, Acc/1953/C/859
  • 1038. DSR: NMR, Buildings Index File 77314
  • 1039. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9–13; Acc/1953/C/867,914: DSR
  • 1040. LMA, Acc/1953/C/864,868,903–5,913–6,918,933
  • 1041. LMA, Acc/1953/C/834,1137: DSR: BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p. 119: Ward, p. 199
  • 1042. Ann Saunders (ed.), The London County Council Bomb Damage Maps 1939–1945 (LTS Publication No.164), 2005, map 50
  • 1043. Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company Plan no.58, c. 1818
  • 1044. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9–14; Acc/1953/C/859–61: RB: Census: DSR
  • 1045. IBC
  • 1046. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9–14; Acc/1953/C/899–900, 933–5: RB
  • 1047. DSR
  • 1048. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9–10; Acc/1953/C/839,853,856; HFCS/108/469; MR/B/C/1824/19: MDR: Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Co. Plan no.58, c. 1818: RB: Elliott, loc.cit.
  • 1049. LMA, Acc/1953/C/771,825,1157: DSR: POD: Census: BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p.117
  • 1050. LMA, Acc/1953/C/839,853,1157: DSR
  • 1051. LMA, Acc/1953/C/839,1170–2: Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury Official Guide, 1963, p.56: Brian Finnimore, Houses From the Factory: System Building and the Welfare State, 1942–1974, 1989, p.185: information supplied by Elain Harwood
  • 1052. LMA, Acc/1953/C/787: DSR
  • 1053. LMA, Acc/1953/C/831,837,1101–2,1106,1110,1146–8; LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/11, pp.419–20: DSR: ILHC, FBC Mins
  • 1054. Metropolitan Police Archives, G Division Registers, and information kindly supplied by Maggie Bird, Metropolitan Police Archivist, and Guy Smith: http://www. lightage.demon.co.uk/POL_RaRob.pdf, viewed April 2005
  • 1055. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/7–9: Cromwell, p.325
  • 1056. Carl Voelker, Professor Voelker's Gymnasium, 1825: William Hone, The Every-Day Book, vol.i, 1826, pp.658–62; vol.ii, 1827, pp.327–9: Cromwell, pp.325–7: Pinks, p.572: John Goulston, 'The London Gymnastic Institute', in Sports History, vol. vi, 1985, pp. 11–16: W. H. G. Armytage, 'John Borthwick Gilchrist: a pioneer of gymnastics', in British Medical Journal, 8 Aug 1959, pp. 150–1: Mary Cosh, The squares of Islington Part I: Finsbury and Clerkenwell, 1990, pp. 71–2
  • 1057. This account is based largely on LMA, Acc/2558/ NR/1/9–19; HFCS/115,116: RB
  • 1058. Architect & Building News, 5 May 1933, supplement
  • 1059. POD: OS
  • 1060. LMA, Acc/1953/C/849: MDR
  • 1061. Contract Journal, 27 Oct 1948
  • 1062. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 2: LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9, p. 129
  • 1063. RB
  • 1064. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 5; 38/6/9
  • 1065. MDR 1830/4/475; 1830/6/595; 1831/1/344; 1835/2/ 560: GA, D3549, 38/4/7
  • 1066. MDR 1830/6/595: RB
  • 1067. MDR 1829/5/268; 1828/9/102; 1828/10/699; 1829/7/ 23,177,452,710; 1831/4/116: LMA, MDR/MB/4921: GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pts 5, 6
  • 1068. GA, D3549, 38/6/9
  • 1069. RB
  • 1070. LMA, HFCS/99/13
  • 1071. John Weale, Studies and Examples of the Modern School of English Architecture, The Travellers' Club House, by Charles Barry, architect, 1839
  • 1072. Draper's Company Archives, Lonsdale Square, lease of 12 April 1839 and misc. correspondence
  • 1073. John Weale, Examples for Builders, Carpenters and Joiners, etc, 1857, plate xxxv
  • 1074. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p.181
  • 1075. DSR: information kindly supplied by David John
  • 1076. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/14, p.454
  • 1077. LMA, Acc/1953/C/869,902,925–30
  • 1078. LMA, Acc/1953/C/925–6
  • 1079. DSR: ILHC, cuttings
  • 1080. LMA, Acc/1953/C/744,892,927–9
  • 1081. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p.179
  • 1082. Census: DSR: POD
  • 1083. Country Life, 28 Jan 1939, p.93
  • 1084. Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company Plans, unnumbered, 14 Jan 1805 and no.58, c. 1818
  • 1085. Survey of London, vol.xxvi, 1956, pp.170–1
  • 1086. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/14, pp.411, 422, 440, 446; HFCS/99/36: Draper's Company Archives, Lonsdale Square correspondence
  • 1087. This account of development is based largely on LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/14–21: RB
  • 1088. LMA, Acc/1953/C/919–22: DSR
  • 1089. LMA, Acc/1953; Acc/2558: MDR: DSR: RB
  • 1090. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/15, p.218
  • 1091. DSR: Census: Official Descriptive and Illustrated Catalogue of the Great Exhibition, 1851, p.842
  • 1092. DSR: Census
  • 1093. J. Maclaren Cobban, A Reverend Gentleman, 1891
  • 1094. ILHC, cuttings: EH, Blue Plaques file 690
  • 1095. Information supplied by Try Homes Ltd: The Times, 3 May 2000, p.26: Property People, 30 June 2005, p.6
  • 1096. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/9,13–16; Acc/1953/C/858; HFCS/115/38,207: DSR
  • 1097. TNA, ED 21/11431: LMA, LCC Education Committee Mins, 20 March 1907, p.786
  • 1098. DSR
  • 1099. LMA, Acc/1953/C/751,805,881,994,1107,1109,1120–1, 1127,1150: DSR: POD: IBC
  • 1100. ODNB
  • 1101. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/14–21; Acc/1953/C/883: B, 20 July 1844, p.366: Colvin, p.465: POD: DSR
  • 1102. Country Life, 28 Jan 1939, p.93
  • 1103. David Braithwaite, Building in the Blood: The Story of Dove Brothers of Islington 1781–1981, 1981, p.117
  • 1104. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/ES/110/597
  • 1105. Report of the Royal Commission on London Squares, 1928, p.69: Cosh, p.52
  • 1106. POD: Census: ODNB
  • 1107. Cosh, p.52: Herbert Spencer, An Autobiography, vol.1, p.320: Census: Frederick Boase, Modern English Biography, 1965 edn
  • 1108. ODNB
  • 1109. L. Muravyova and I. Sivolap-Kaftanova, Lenin in London, 1983, pp.20–39,147–66: Nikolai Alexandrovich Alexeyev, Museum of the Revolution of the USSR, Third Symposium, Moscow, All-Union Society of Political Convicts and Deported Exiles, 1932, p.61
  • 1110. EH, Blue Plaques file 690, Ivan Maisky to Charles Ammon (LCC), 25 Feb 1942
  • 1111. John Allan, Berthold Lubetkin: Architecture and the tradition of progress, 1992, pp.415–18: ILHC, cuttings
  • 1112. EH, Blue Plaques file 690: Daily Telegraph, 17 May 1961: Islington Gazette, 1 Sept 1972: ILHC, cuttings
  • 1113. IBC
  • 1114. BAL Archives, LUB/2/7; ILHC, FBC Mins, 9 April 1946
  • 1115. FBC Mins, 11 June 1946
  • 1116. Ibid, July 1946—May 1947
  • 1117. Ibid, 13 Nov 1947
  • 1118. Architectural Review, June 1952, pp.403–5
  • 1119. FBC Mins, 9 Jan 1950
  • 1120. Architectural Review, June 1952, p.404
  • 1121. FBC Mins, 9 Jan 1950
  • 1122. Ibid, 9 March, 6 July, 6 Dec 1948
  • 1123. Ibid, 9 Jan 1950
  • 1124. Ibid
  • 1125. Ibid, 12 Sept 1949
  • 1126. Ibid, 9 Jan 1950
  • 1127. Ibid
  • 1128. Architectural Review, June 1952, p.406
  • 1129. FBC Mins, 23 Nov 1950, 10 April 1951
  • 1130. Ibid, 23 Nov 1950
  • 1131. Ibid, 13 May 1952
  • 1132. Allan, p.418
  • 1133. ILHC, cuttings L3.151, Order of Proceedings, opening of Bevin Court
  • 1134. For assessments of Bevin Court, see Architectural Review, June 1952, pp.403–6; Feb 1955, pp. 88–93: Allan, pp.415–27,596
  • 1135. FBC Mins, Feb 1956—May 1958
  • 1136. BL, Add.MS 17,939B: RB: LMA, E/NOR/L/3/462–4: MDR 1735/4/187: Warwick Wroth and Arthur Edgar Wroth, The London Pleasure Gardens of the Eighteenth Century, 1896, pp.54–5: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/museumstudies/websites03/clerkenwell/home.html, accessed Nov 2006
  • 1137. Pinks, p.580: Judith Colton, 'Merlin's Cave and Queen Caroline: Garden Art as Political Propaganda', in Eighteenth-Century Studies, vol.x, 1976, pp. 1–20
  • 1138. RB: Horwood's map: LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/266: ILHC, L4.12 watercolours: GL Print Room, watercolour of Old Merlin's Cave by F. N. Shepherd (p5442375)
  • 1139. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/705
  • 1140. William Hone, The Meeting in Spa Fields, Hone's Authentic, and Correct Account, at Length, of all the Proceedings on Monday Dec. 2; with the Resolutions and Petition of Nov. 15, 1816, and The Riots in London. Hone's full and authentic account, containing abundant and most accurate Particulars of the Events in the Metropolis on Monday 2 Dec. 1816: The Times, 16 Nov 1816, p.2: John Belchem, 'Orator' Hunt: Henry Hunt and English Working-Class Radicalism, 1985, pp.56–77: ODNB: Jerry White, London in the Nineteenth Century, 2007, pp.351–4
  • 1141. The Observer, 4 May 1817
  • 1142. ILHC, press cutting of 4 May 1818 in grangerised copy of Thomas Cromwell's Walks Through Islington, vol.1, 1835, facing p.43
  • 1143. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/3, p.165; Acc/2558/NR/1/4, pp.6,138; O/139/1: Thames Water, Abbey Mills Archive, New River Company Plan, 14 Jan 1805
  • 1144. WAC, Acc/1934/138, pp.13,183,520–1
  • 1145. Ibid, Acc/1934/142, p.282
  • 1146. Donald Olsen, Town Planning in London, 1982 edn, p.79
  • 1147. Survey of London, vol.xxiv, 1952, p.50; vol.xxxii, 1963, p.408: POD
  • 1148. WAC, Acc/2934/142, pp.463,502,542: The Observer, 4 May 1817: LMA, MJ/OC/19, pp.153–5; HFCS/P9/10; HFCS 21, p.145; HFCS 30, pp.32,77,208; HFCS 96, ff.17,19: GA, D 3549, 38/6/2, pt 1
  • 1149. Thames Water, Abbey Mills Archive, New River Company Plan, 14 Jan 1805, with later pencil annotation
  • 1150. WAC, Acc/1934/143, pp.583, 616; Acc/1934/144, p. 259; Acc/1934/145, p.7: LMA, MJ/OC/18, p.95; MJ/OC/19, pp.153–5, 214, 274–5; MJ/OC/20, pp.144, 160–1; MJ/OC/21, p.33; MA/G/GEN539, 543, 545, 550, 554; HFCS/P9/20: GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 2: Cromwell, p.317
  • 1151. Horwood's map, 1819 edn
  • 1152. Greenwood's map, 1824: Cruchley's New Plan of London, 1829
  • 1153. Burke's Peerage: E. A. Willats, Streets with a Story: The Book of Islington, 1988 edn, p.149
  • 1154. WAC, Acc/1934/145, p.7
  • 1155. Ibid, p.44
  • 1156. BAL Archives, COC/10/1, p.98;/2, p.62
  • 1157. TNA, J90/528: WAC, Acc/1934/145, p.118
  • 1158. TNA, J90/528: WAC, Acc/1934/144, p.428
  • 1159. Survey of London, vol.xxxiii, 1966, p.276: www.oldbaileyonline.org
  • 1160. LMA, HFCS 108, ff. 170–294; E/NOR/L/3/386–91,768: GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 1
  • 1161. TNA, J90/528
  • 1162. Cromwell, p.24
  • 1163. The Times, 15 Jan 1884, p.10
  • 1164. Willats, op.cit.
  • 1165. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/06/007463; E/NOR/E/8/11
  • 1166. ILHC, FBC Mins, 1928–9, p.556
  • 1167. Castle Ashby, Northampton Estate Archives, Box LON63, file 1086
  • 1168. LMA, E/NOR/L/03/813: WAC, Acc/1934/143, pp.7,324
  • 1169. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/814: RB: WAC, Acc/1934/144, p.81
  • 1170. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/800–1
  • 1171. WAC, Acc/1934/145, pp.118,529: GL, Ms 11936/522 (no. 1090654)
  • 1172. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/321: RB: Census
  • 1173. Cromwell, p.316
  • 1174. Thames Water, Abbey Mills, New River Company Plan no.58, c. 1818: Horwood's map, 1819 edn: Greenwood's map, 1824–6: Cruchley's New Plan of London, 1829: LMA, HFCS 110, f. 210
  • 1175. The Times, 10 Aug 1819, p.4; 1 July 1823, p.4
  • 1176. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/800: POD
  • 1177. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/909
  • 1178. Census: POD: DSR: ILHC, cuttings
  • 1179. DSR: LMA, E/NOR/L/2/20; GLC/AR/BR/17/ 076783; GLC/AR/BR/22/TP/002658
  • 1180. ILHC, cuttings
  • 1181. ILHC, FBC Mins
  • 1182. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/906: IBC: The Times, 13 March 1971, p.12
  • 1183. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/3; E/NOR/L/3/320–1,400,703, 800–7, 810–14, 906, 909: RB: DSR
  • 1184. ODNB
  • 1185. POD: RB: Census: ODNB: GL, MS 11936/518 (no. 1099724): Pinks, p. 579
  • 1186. Mary Cosh, A History of Islington, 2005, p. 156
  • 1187. Bill Manley, Islington Entertained, 1990, p. 113: ODNB: private archive of Mary Cosh
  • 1188. POD: Census: ODNB: E. L. Blanchard, The Life and Reminiscences of E. L. Blanchard, 1891, p. 189: Matthew Sturgis, Aubrey Beardsley: A Biography, 1998, pp.54–6
  • 1189. GL, MS 11936/541 (no. 1178393): POD: RB: Census: DSR
  • 1190. Census: POD: DSR
  • 1191. POD: Census: Pinks, pp.579–80
  • 1192. Star, 20 Jan 1888: POD: Census
  • 1193. POD: Census: TNA, IR58/42938/1786,1790–1
  • 1194. LMA, E/NOR/E/7/2, pp.5–9: POD
  • 1195. ILHC, cuttings; electoral roll: Highbury and Islington Express, 15 Jan 1999
  • 1196. J. & H. S. Storer's map of Clerkenwell, 1827, reproduced in Cromwell
  • 1197. WAC, Acc/1934/173, p.529: GL, MPGA Cuttings, COL/LIB/PB04/002–4: LMA, E/NOR/L/3/799: ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins
  • 1198. AJ, 25 Aug 1926, p.232
  • 1199. LMA, E/NOR/E/7/2
  • 1200. DSR: POD
  • 1201. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/3; E/NOR/L/3/703: RB: DSR: POD
  • 1202. P. Temple, Islington Chapels, 1992, pp.24–5: Pinks, pp.578–9: A. Rottman, London Catholic Churches: a Historical & Artistic Record, 1926, pp.155–8: Denis Evinson, Catholic Churches of London, 1997, pp.133–4: information kindly supplied by R. O'Donnell
  • 1203. Bernard W. Kelly, Historical Notes on English Catholic Missions, 1907, p.135
  • 1204. Evinson, loc.cit.: Boucher, pp.237–9: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/003241: IBC: information kindly supplied by B. D. Ormsby
  • 1205. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/703: TNA, ED 21/11417; ED 1/34651: DSR: IBC
  • 1206. TNA, MEPO 9/213: MEPO 2/2359,2579: B, 2 March 1928, pp.387, 399
  • 1207. Architect & Building News, 24 Aug 1928, p.252
  • 1208. ILHC, cuttings: Castle Ashby, Northampton Estate Archives, uncatalogued box LON 62, file 1326: www.ucl.ac.uk/museumstudies/websites03/clerkenwell/ home.html
  • 1209. B, 9 Oct 1852, p.648; 5 Aug 1854, p.418; 18 Oct 1873, p.829; 14 Nov 1874, pp.953–4
  • 1210. ILHC, FBC Mins: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/3396: DSR
  • 1211. B, 28 April 1933, pp.684–96
  • 1212. ILHC, cuttings: IBC
  • 1213. Alec Forshaw, 20th Century Buildings in Islington, 2001, p. 57: ILHC, cuttings: IBC
  • 1214. LMA, E/NOR/L/3/170
  • 1215. DSR: POD: IBC
  • 1216. Ibid
  • 1217. DSR: IBC
  • 1218. DSR: ILHC, FBC Building Act applications, vol.4: IBC: J. B. M. Coates, Coates Brothers: A history 1877–1977, 1977, p.48
  • 1219. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/078146: DSR: IBC: Coates, op.et loc.cit.
  • 1220. IBC
  • 1221. Ibid
  • 1222. FBC Mins: IBC
  • 1223. DSR: POD: IBC
  • 1224. B, 2 Jan 1864, p.9: Census
  • 1225. PP 1884–5 (4402), XXX.1,87,819, Royal Commission for inquiring into Housing of the Working Classes, First Report, Mins of Evidence, etc: The Times, 12 Jan 1884, p.11
  • 1226. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, pp.125,138: Census
  • 1227. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/3: ILHC, undated cutting of 'Wilmington Square Schools of Design': The Times, 10 Jan 1862, p.3a: M. H. Spielmann and G. S. Layard, Kate Greenaway, 1905, pp.41–2: Rodney Engen, Kate Greenaway, A Biography, 1977, pp.35–6: ODNB: POD
  • 1228. LMA, E/NOR/L/2/3: TNA, ED 3/5, 1871: POD
  • 1229. Harold P. Clunn, London Marches On, 1947, p. 165
  • 1230. A. E. Thomas, Report by the Medical Officer of Health on Housing Conditions in Finsbury, 1929, pp.60–1: ILHC, FBC Opening Pamphlet, Margaret Street Estate, 1931; FBC Mins, 17 Jan 1929, p.391; 16 May 1929, p. 97; 31 Oct 1929, p. 374: LMA, AR/BR/19/3298
  • 1231. FBC Mins, 19 Dec 1929, p.503: London County Council, Housing, 1928, pp.47–61: London County Council, Housing 1928–30, 1931, pp.36–7: Tanis F. M. Hinchcliffe, 'The Housing Market in Islington Between the Wars', PhD thesis, University of London, 1991
  • 1232. FBC Mins, 21 Aug 1930, p.280; 20 Nov 1930, p.510; 30 March 1931, p. 805
  • 1233. F. H. Webb, councillor, letter to Islington Gazette, 21 Feb 1930
  • 1234. ILHC, FBC Opening Pamphlet, Margaret Street Estate, 1931: Architect & Building News, 25 Sept 1931, pp.356–7
  • 1235. Islington Gazette, 8 Sept 1931
  • 1236. ILHC, FBC Opening Pamphlet, Margaret Street Estate, 1931
  • 1237. FBC Mins, 8 Oct 1931, pp.398–9; 15–26 April 1932, p. 52; 21 July 1932, pp.241–2; 13 Oct 1932, pp.400–1
  • 1238. ILHC, FBC Housing Committee Mins, 19 Oct 1933, p.421: B, 12 Jan 1934, pp.80–1
  • 1239. FBC Mins: Islington Borough Council Mins
  • 1240. SBL Mins, 2 Feb 1874, p.174; 5 July 1877, p.904; 12 Dec 1877, p. 39: TNA, ED21/11412; ED 3/5
  • 1241. TNA, ED3/5; ED5/58: SBL Mins, 19 July 1883, p.438; 2 Aug 1883, p.515; 22 Jan 1885, p.892
  • 1242. LMA, London Insurance Committee, souvenir booklet, P 36.63
  • 1243. TNA, ED21/11412: POD: Forshaw, p.57
  • 1244. Willats, op.cit.
  • 1245. Thomas Burke, The English Inn, 1934, p.152
  • 1246. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/19/3298: DSR: Architect & Building News, 7 Nov 1930, p.639: www.wcml. org.uk/people/em/music.htm, accessed Feb 2007
  • 1247. IBC
  • 1248. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/06/007463: DSR: POD
  • 1249. IBC: www.phpgroup.co.uk, accessed Nov 2006: information kindly supplied by Thornsett Group plc
  • 1250. Ian Nairn, Nairn's London, 1966, p. 172
  • 1251. Hugh Casson, Hugh Casson's London, 1983, p. 30
  • 1252. Chris Ellmers, 'Clerkenwell: a study in urban growth, with special reference to the period 1590–1841', unpublished draft PhD thesis, 1979, p.32
  • 1253. GA, D3549, 38/1/12
  • 1254. Ibid
  • 1255. Ibid: MDR 1799/1/345–6
  • 1256. MDR 1819/6/163
  • 1257. ODNB
  • 1258. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 23: MDR 1844/8/493; 1854/4/455; 1854/5/128–30,997–9
  • 1259. Information kindly supplied by Henry Lloyd-Baker
  • 1260. Burke's Landed Gentry, 1952 edn
  • 1261. The Times, 11 June 1975, p.17e
  • 1262. Information kindly supplied by Henry Lloyd-Baker
  • 1263. GA, D3549, 38/1/11: MDR 1799/1/347–8
  • 1264. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, vol.iii, 1803, p.237
  • 1265. GA, D3549, 38/6/4
  • 1266. Cromwell, p.321
  • 1267. GA, D3549, 38/4/5: Pinks, p. 571: POD
  • 1268. Pinks, p.570: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808: GA, D3549, 38/8/2, plan of 1807: Survey of London, vol.xxiv, 1952, p.60
  • 1269. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 2, 11 Aug 1818; 38/8/2, plan of 1807
  • 1270. Ibid, 38/6/4; 38/6/5, pt 1
  • 1271. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 1, 29 April 1817
  • 1272. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 1, 22 April 1817; 38/6/9
  • 1273. Colvin, pp.39,144
  • 1274. Drapers' Company Archives, transcripts of membership records
  • 1275. LMA, HFCS 6–8
  • 1276. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 1, Aug 1817
  • 1277. RIBA Proceedings 1872–3, p.9
  • 1278. James Stevens Curl, Moneymore and Draperstown, 1979, pp.38–60, 66–8: James Stevens Curl, The Londonderry Plantation 1609–1914, 1986, pp.196–223
  • 1279. RIBA Proceedings 1872–3, p.9
  • 1280. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 3, 12 April 1821
  • 1281. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 4, 16 Jan 1822
  • 1282. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 1, 30 Oct 1817
  • 1283. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 2, 2 Feb, 14 July 1818
  • 1284. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 2, 11 Aug, 12 Sept 1818
  • 1285. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 2, 28 Sept 1818
  • 1286. Thames Water, Abbey Mills Archive, New River Company volume, plan no. 58
  • 1287. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 2, 30 Sept 1818
  • 1288. Ibid, 38/4/14
  • 1289. Ibid
  • 1290. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 2, 16 Sept 1819
  • 1291. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 2, 20 Nov 1819
  • 1292. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 3, 25 Sept 1821
  • 1293. Country Life, 28 Jan 1939, p.90
  • 1294. James Stevens Curl, Moneymore and Draperstown, 1979, p. 66
  • 1295. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 6, 21 July 1826
  • 1296. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 7, 7 Dec 1829
  • 1297. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 10
  • 1298. T. F. Bumpus, London Churches Ancient and Modern, 1883 edn, p.208
  • 1299. MDR 1862/16/113: LMA, LMA/UP/537
  • 1300. B, 12 July 1873, p.551
  • 1301. GA, D3549, 38/7/7
  • 1302. ILHC, FBC Housing Committee Mins, 13 Oct 1932, pp.400–1
  • 1303. GA, D3549, 38/7/10
  • 1304. Ibid, 38/6/6
  • 1305. Ibid, 38/7/10
  • 1306. Ibid
  • 1307. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 2, 30 Sept 1818
  • 1308. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 2, Sept 1818
  • 1309. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 3, 25 Aug 1820
  • 1310. Ibid, 38/6/9, 4 June 1821
  • 1311. Census
  • 1312. MDR passim: GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 6: RB
  • 1313. MDR 1827/7/177
  • 1314. MDR 1824/1/483; 1832/7/475; 1833/4/134; 1835/6/10: RB
  • 1315. Mary Cosh, The squares of Islington Part I: Finsbury and Clerkenwell, 1990, p.51
  • 1316. MDR 1825/8/359: GA, D3549, 38/9/286: RB
  • 1317. MDR 1874/28/115–117: GA, D3549, 38/7/2
  • 1318. IBC
  • 1319. GA, D3549, 38/4/11: MDR 1833/1/419; 1832/2/19; 1832/4/728: RB
  • 1320. MDR 1833/3/309: RB
  • 1321. MDR 1840/9/838: RB
  • 1322. GA, D3549, 38/6/12
  • 1323. Ibid, 38/6/2, pts 3 & 4
  • 1324. Ibid, 38/6/9
  • 1325. Ibid, 38/6/8: MDR 1840/5/355–6: RB
  • 1326. Ibid, 38/6/9, 29 Jan 1829
  • 1327. MDR 1831/1/620: GA, D3549, 38/6/9, 4 March 1830
  • 1328. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 5
  • 1329. Ibid, 38/6/9, 29 Nov 1829
  • 1330. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 7, 4 Dec 1829
  • 1331. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 7, 24 Oct 1829
  • 1332. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 7, 10 Dec 1829
  • 1333. Ibid, 38/6/9, 21 Jan 1830
  • 1334. Ibid, 38/6/9, 4 March, 8 Aug 1830
  • 1335. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 10, 13 July 1829; 38/4/12: MDR 1831/2/101; 1831/7/672: RB
  • 1336. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 10, 13 July 1830
  • 1337. www.oldbaileyonline.org: Australian Dictionary of Biography, sub James Blackburn
  • 1338. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 10, 1 Jan 1831
  • 1339. MDR 1832/2/377; 1833/1/420
  • 1340. RB
  • 1341. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pts 15, 16; 38/4/11: 1841 Census
  • 1342. MDR 1831/2/695–6; 1831/4/785; 1831/5/749; 1834/6/ 748: RB: GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 10
  • 1343. Census
  • 1344. Daily Telegraph, 30 Sept 1995, p. 17
  • 1345. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 12
  • 1346. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 5; 38/6/2, pt 7
  • 1347. RB
  • 1348. Ibid: 1841 Census
  • 1349. ODNB: Census
  • 1350. GA, D3549, 38/6/9; 38/6/2, pts 7,10,24
  • 1351. Ibid, 38/4/10; 38/6/2, pt 13; 38/6/9, 24 Oct 1832; 38/6/10, 18 June 1833
  • 1352. The Society of the Sisters of Bethany 1866–1966, 1966, pp.2–5: Boucher, pp.243–5
  • 1353. Information from Mr Paul Joyce: BAL, Drawings Collection, PA664/4
  • 1354. Andrew Saint, Richard Norman Shaw, 1976, pp.165–7, 189,273,323,412,454
  • 1355. BAL, Drawings Collection, PB457/2/1, 463/10: DSR: B, 8 Nov 1884, p.639: BN, 5 Jan 1883, p.10; 11 May 1883, p.654
  • 1356. BN, 5 Jan 1883, p. 10: B, 8 Nov 1884, p.639: BAL, Drawings Collection, PB463/4/2
  • 1357. GA, D3549, 38/4/5
  • 1358. BAL, Drawings Collection, PB457/2/2–7
  • 1359. DSR
  • 1360. Information from Fr Anthony Symondson, SJ
  • 1361. BN, 18 Sep 1896, pp.413ff: The Work of Ernest Newton RA, 1924, pp.22–7
  • 1362. DSR
  • 1363. The Society of the Sisters of Bethany 1866–1966, 1966, pp. 20–1
  • 1364. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/093756
  • 1365. www.users.globalnet.co.uk/pencot.history.htm
  • 1366. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 5, 6 Aug 1824
  • 1367. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 5
  • 1368. Ibid, 38/6/9
  • 1369. MDR 1829/9/141; 1830/3/506; 1831/1/345; 1835/2/ 559; 1846/6/67–8: RB
  • 1370. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 6, 26 Feb 1827
  • 1371. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 10
  • 1372. RB
  • 1373. Census
  • 1374. MDR 1832/2/3: RB
  • 1375. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pts 4,6: MDR 1827/1/547
  • 1376. RB: 1851 Census
  • 1377. RB: 1841 Census
  • 1378. Herbert Spencer, An Autobiography, 1904, vol.1, pp.302,312
  • 1379. GA, D3549, 38/4/14; 38/7/2
  • 1380. Ibid, 36/7/9; 38/6/6
  • 1381. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 7
  • 1382. The Times, 31 March 1840, p.8d
  • 1383. MDR 1835/3/341; 1839/9/437,455; 1845/1/598,696; 1845/2/366: RB
  • 1384. MDR 1834/5/559; 1845/1/360: RB
  • 1385. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 13
  • 1386. RB
  • 1387. MDR: RB
  • 1388. MDR 1840/1/551: RB
  • 1389. MDR 1840/1/551: GA, D3549, 38/4/12; 38/4/15
  • 1390. MDR 1874/13/45–7; 1874/16/476; 1874/19/768–9
  • 1391. POD
  • 1392. The Times, 26 Sept 1835 p.1c
  • 1393. Laura Hain Friswell, James Hain Friswell, A Memoir, 1898, pp.16–18,65,74
  • 1394. Leonée Ormond, George Du Maurier, 1969, pp.24–32
  • 1395. MDR 1839/6/748; 1841/7/801: EH, Historians' file ISL 139: GA, D3549, 38/7/2: 1861 Census
  • 1396. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/076679: DSR
  • 1397. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/26/1
  • 1398. GA, D3549, 38/4/14: F. W. Willcocks, Spa Fields Chapel and its Associations, 1886, pp.83–5
  • 1399. GA, D3549, 38/4/14: Endowed Charities (County of London), vol.iii, 1900, pp.65–6: B, 15 Aug 1885, p.243
  • 1400. Willcocks, pp.83–5,108
  • 1401. Ibid, pp.89,94–5,104: B, 20 Nov 1886, p.727
  • 1402. Willcocks, pp.95,108,111: Boucher, pp.241–2
  • 1403. GA, D3549, 38/7/7
  • 1404. Ibid
  • 1405. Ibid
  • 1406. Recorded on the back of a photo of Ashwell's design, now in possession of Jane Wainwright, by the late Clive Wainwright who had the story from the Gloucester Archivist, Irving Gray
  • 1407. Country Life, 28 Jan 1939, p.94
  • 1408. GA, D3549, 38/7/7
  • 1409. MDR 1829/5/268; 1834/6/77: GA, D3549, 38/4/9: RB
  • 1410. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 7
  • 1411. MDR 1831/7/64–5: RB
  • 1412. GA, D3549, 38/6/10, 26 Sept 1832: MDR 1840/1/184
  • 1413. RB: 1841 Census
  • 1414. GA, D3549, 38/4/9
  • 1415. Ibid, 38/6/12, pt 16
  • 1416. Census
  • 1417. LMA, Acc/1953/c/1100, 1102,1135: DSR
  • 1418. LMA, Acc/1953/c/1158
  • 1419. Pinks, p. 571
  • 1420. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 7, Nov 1827—Jan 1828
  • 1421. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 7, 20 March, 15 May, 31 July, 24 Oct 1829
  • 1422. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 12, 18 June 1835
  • 1423. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 10, plan of 13 July 1830
  • 1424. Ibid, 38/6/2, pt 16, 17 Sept 1840; pt 17, Nov—Dec 1840
  • 1425. Ibid, 38/4/5
  • 1426. MDR 1842/8/385
  • 1427. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 16
  • 1428. RB
  • 1429. MDR
  • 1430. Ibid
  • 1431. GA, D3549, 38/6/8
  • 1432. MDR 1842/8/385
  • 1433. The Times, 6 Sept 1844, p.3
  • 1434. MDR 1873/25/968–972; 1874/5/132–40
  • 1435. DSR
  • 1436. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B236, p.31
  • 1437. G. E. Mitton, The Fascination of London: Clerkenwell and St Luke's, 1906, p.74: GA, D3549, 38/7/3, pt 2
  • 1438. CERC, Church Commissioners' files 18196,18196A
  • 1439. Arnold Bennett, Riceyman Steps, 1923, Chapter 10
  • 1440. Census
  • 1441. Pinks, p.vii
  • 1442. ODNB
  • 1443. L. Muravyova and I. Sivolap-Kaftanova, Lenin in London, 1981, p.48
  • 1444. Mary Cosh, The squares of Islington Part I: Finsbury and Clerkenwell, 1990, p. 50
  • 1445. GA, D3549, 38/7/3, pt 1
  • 1446. Ibid, 38/6/9, 23 April 1828
  • 1447. Pinks, p.705
  • 1448. GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 7, 30 March 1829
  • 1449. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196
  • 1450. Ibid
  • 1451. Sir John Soane's Museum, correspondence, I.L.3.1–2
  • 1452. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196
  • 1453. Pinks, p. 573
  • 1454. Ecclesiologist, vol.xviii, 1860, p.262
  • 1455. Church Times, 29 Sept 1882
  • 1456. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196
  • 1457. ILHC, unsourced press cutting, 1 Jan 1834
  • 1458. Boucher, pp.56–64
  • 1459. LMA, P76/PHI/24/1
  • 1460. Ecclesiologist, vol.xviii, 1860, p.262: Guardian 1 Feb 1860: B, 21 Jan 1860, p.48; 4 Feb 1860, p.99
  • 1461. BN, 20 Jan 1860, p.44
  • 1462. LPL, ICBS file 07076: LMA, P76/PHI/24/1: CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18319/89: B, 5 Aug 1871, p.612; 2 Dec 1871, p.949
  • 1463. B, 10 Nov 1894: POD
  • 1464. BAL Archives, Comper MSS, CoJ/85/7
  • 1465. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 101268; Boucher, pp.65–74
  • 1466. Arnold Bennett, Riceyman Steps, 1923, Chapter 10
  • 1467. GL, MS 14420
  • 1468. Survey of London, vol.xxiv, 1952, pp.102,104 and passim
  • 1469. Survey of London, vol.xxiv, 1952
  • 1470. Cromwell, p.35, Pinks, p.557
  • 1471. Survey of London, vol.xxiv, 1952, pp.66–8: Ben Weinreb and Christopher Hibbert (eds), The London Encyclopaedia, 1983 edn, p.32
  • 1472. GA, D3549, 38/1/11: LMA, MR/B/C/1807/032
  • 1473. Pinks, p.523
  • 1474. TNA, IR58/42934/1319
  • 1475. PE, Ledger 1764; Leases 1776–9: MDR 1779/5/416; 1783/4/121; 1784/4/199–201; 1785/1/439; 1785/3/ 167–8; 1785/5/267; 1786/3/504: RB
  • 1476. Mary Cosh, 'Clockmaker Extraordinary: The Career of Alexander Cumming', in Country Life, 12 June 1969, pp.1528–35: ODNB: RB: MDR 1790/8/470–1: OS of 1871–4
  • 1477. MDR 1784/4/201: RB: Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England. London except the Cities of London and Westminster, 1952, p.126
  • 1478. MDR 1787/7/240
  • 1479. MDR 1788/1/494; 1788/2/504; 1788/4/456; 1788/5/ 117–118,194; 1788/7/207–8,445; 1789/1/256; 1790/1/ 248; 1790/2/157–8
  • 1480. TNA, IR58/42933/1293–1300; IR58/42934/1300–26: Pevsner, op.et loc.cit.
  • 1481. Camden Local Studies & Archive Centre, cutting in Heal Collection
  • 1482. RB: MDR 1790/7/257; 1791/9/366
  • 1483. RB
  • 1484. GL, MS 14420/37, 14420/39, 14420/42: LMA, Acc/ 1953/C/679
  • 1485. GL, MS 14420/43: LMA, Acc/1953/C/679
  • 1486. ILHC, Trustees of the Highgate & Hampstead Roads Mins
  • 1487. MDR: LMA, MJ/SP/1790/04/036,037: Linda Clarke, Building Capitalism, 1992, p. 132
  • 1488. GL, MS 14420/43: MDR 1791/3/34; 1791/6/422; 1791/9/281: LMA, Acc/1953/C/0679
  • 1489. LMA, Acc/1953/C/0679
  • 1490. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 5 July 1791
  • 1491. Camden Local Studies & Archive Centre, St Pancras Vestry Mins, 20 Feb 1800; 16 July 1802
  • 1492. GL, MS 14420 (Cantlows Court Book 1822–33)
  • 1493. Camden Local Studies & Archives Centre, undated cutting: Walter Thornbury, Old and New London, vol.ii, 1897, p.423
  • 1494. www.oldbaileyonline.org
  • 1495. LMA, Acc/1953/C/0893.
  • 1496. GA, D3549, 38/6/2
  • 1497. RB: MDR 1829/2/203
  • 1498. GA, D3549, 38/6/2
  • 1499. Ibid, 38/4/5
  • 1500. B, 13 Dec 1862, p.891: LMA, Acc/3263/002
  • 1501. B, 13 Dec 1862, p.891, MBW Mins, 29 May 1863, p.49; 13 Nov 1863, p. 1022
  • 1502. B, 20 May 1865, p.361: LMA, Acc/3263/002
  • 1503. IBC
  • 1504. ODNB
  • 1505. PE, Cash Book 1832–5, memo by William Vokes; loose note in Rental Book 1805
  • 1506. DSR: Goad insurance plans: Letterhead in PE, Estate Office Correspondence, 1910
  • 1507. LMA, MBW/BA/36868
  • 1508. TNA, IR58/42933/1293: OS of 1894–6
  • 1509. Goad insurance plans: TNA, IR58/42933/1293
  • 1510. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, pp.182–3
  • 1511. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/028175
  • 1512. MBW Mins, 13 Feb 1885, pp.272–3
  • 1513. T. C. Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, vol.2, 1974, pp.100–1
  • 1514. ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1515. IBC
  • 1516. Ibid
  • 1517. Ibid
  • 1518. Ibid
  • 1519. Cromwell, p.320: Pinks, p.574
  • 1520. GA, D3549, 38/3/2, p.27
  • 1521. Ibid, pt 3
  • 1522. MDR 1838/9/285–6: RB
  • 1523. Handbill in possession of the Survey of London
  • 1524. LMA, A/CSC/809
  • 1525. LMA, MBW/BA/24075
  • 1526. DSR
  • 1527. Ibid: TNA, IR58/42935/1428–9
  • 1528. IBC
  • 1529. RB: MDR 1838/9/286: IBC
  • 1530. DSR: LCC Mins, 11 Feb 1913, p.288
  • 1531. IBC
  • 1532. Ibid
  • 1533. LMA, Acc/3263/002
  • 1534. Pinks, p. 559
  • 1535. TNA, IR58/42934/1392–1400; IR58/42935/1401–2
  • 1536. DSR: IBC
  • 1537. MDR 1834/5/612; 1845/1/695: GA, D3549, 38/6/2, pt 2: RB
  • 1538. MDR 1874/8/1008; 1874/10/163–5: DSR: TNA, IR58/ 42934/1387–91: IBC
  • 1539. Information from the Metropolitan Police
  • 1540. The Job, 4 Sept 1983: London Topographical Society Newsletter, no. 35, Nov 1992, pp.3–6: Pinks, p.579
  • 1541. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/14
  • 1542. The Job, 2 Oct 1987: Pinks, p.572
  • 1543. GLAAS Quarterly Review, Aug—Oct 2005, pp.6–7
  • 1544. ILN, 22 May 1847: GLAAS Quarterly Review, Aug—Oct 2005, pp.6–7
  • 1545. TNA, MEPO 5/516; MEPO 14/35: B, 30 April 1870, p.354
  • 1546. TNA, MEPO 5/516; MEPO 14/35: GLAAS Quarterly Review, Aug—Oct 2005, pp.6–7
  • 1547. LMA, Acc/1953/C/0744,0929
  • 1548. A. Stuart Gray, Edwardian Architecture, 1985, p.132
  • 1549. Highbury & Islington Express, 31 Dec 1998
  • 1550. TNA, MEPO 5/516
  • 1551. Ibid: LMA Acc/1953/C/0744
  • 1552. Islington Gazette, 6 March 1987, 5 March 1992: Metropolitan Police Directorate of Information
  • 1553. TNA, MEPO 5/516: The Job, 9 Dec 1988: IBC
  • 1554. Highbury & Islington Express, 31 Dec 1998
  • 1555. Information supplied by Drivers Jonas: IBC
  • 1556. IBC
  • 1557. LMA, Acc/2558/NR/1/15; Acc/1953/C/892
  • 1558. IBC
  • 1559. Ibid
  • 1560. PE, Leases, 1885
  • 1561. DSR
  • 1562. Ibid
  • 1563. IBC
  • 1564. LMA/4013/01/01: B, 26 March 1864, p.232; 22 July 1865, p. 530
  • 1565. J. N. Tarn, 'The Improved Industrial Dwellings Company', in Transactions of the London & Middlesex Archaeological Society, vol.22, 1968–70, pp.43–59: J. N. Tarn, Five per Cent Philanthropy, 1973, pp.50–6
  • 1566. Camden Local Studies & Archive Centre, cutting in Heal Collection
  • 1567. Ibid: LMA 4013/01/01
  • 1568. TNA, IR58/42933/1239: LMA, MBW/BA/37566
  • 1569. IBC
  • 1570. PE, Leases 1885: DSR: LMA, MBW/BA/37566; MBW/BA/38584
  • 1571. TNA, IR58/42933/1260
  • 1572. Goad insurance plans: POD: TNA, IR58/42933/1259: DSR: IBC
  • 1573. ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1574. PE, Leases 1890–1: DSR
  • 1575. TNA, IR58/42933/1213–22: DSR
  • 1576. ILHC, cuttings
  • 1577. IBC: DSR
  • 1578. IBC: BAL, Biog. File
  • 1579. IBC: POD
  • 1580. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, plan
  • 1581. Herbert Frey, Royal Guide to London Charities, 1917, cited in www.victorianlondon.org: VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p. 123
  • 1582. IBC
  • 1583. Ibid
  • 1584. Ibid
  • 1585. TNA, IR58/42932/1210
  • 1586. IBC
  • 1587. TNA, IR58/42933/1206–1209: IBC
  • 1588. IBC: DSR: British Journal of Nursing, 14 Feb 1914, p.143
  • 1589. IBC: DSR: The Architect, 5 Dec 1913, p.533
  • 1590. British Journal of Nursing, 29 Nov 1913, p.455
  • 1591. Ibid: The Graphic, 29 Nov 1913, pp.1008–9
  • 1592. British Journal of Nursing, 29 Nov 1913, p.455; 14 Feb 1914, p.143
  • 1593. Warwick University Modern Records Centre, YWCA Archive, Mss 243/88/4
  • 1594. IBC
  • 1595. LCC Mins, 22 Oct 1946, p.579
  • 1596. LCC Mins, 29 April 1947, p.258; 13 May 1947, p.293
  • 1597. LCC Mins, 14–15 May 1957, p.279
  • 1598. Information from Elisabetta Versari, Susan Lawrence Reception Centre
  • 1599. DSR: TNA, IR58/42932/1200–1
  • 1600. DSR
  • 1601. IBC
  • 1602. DSR
  • 1603. IBC: AJ, 17 May 2001, p.24: Blueprint, Sept 2002, pp. 36–99
  • 1604. GA, D3549, 38/6/2
  • 1605. Ibid, 38/6/8: MDR 1842/8/385
  • 1606. DSR: information from Mr Neil Burton
  • 1607. POD
  • 1608. MDR 1873/25/968–972; 1874/5/132–40
  • 1609. B, 31 July 1875, p.698: Hanslip Fletcher, Changing London: A Book of Sketches, London, 1924: Boucher
  • 1610. DSR: POD: Census: TNA, IR58/42935/1409–11
  • 1611. OS: POD: Census: TNA, IR58/42935/1413
  • 1612. Hanslip Fletcher, op. cit.: TNA, IR58/42935/1412
  • 1613. POD: DSR
  • 1614. The Times, 22 March 1924, p.98
  • 1615. DSR
  • 1616. ODNB
  • 1617. LMA, Acc 2558/NR/1/16; Acc/1953/C/773,923, 925–6,949: DSR: Mary Cosh, The squares of Islington Part I: Finsbury and Clerkenwell, 1990, pp.73–4
  • 1618. LMA, Acc 2558/NR/1/15–16; Acc 1953/C/955
  • 1619. P. Temple, Islington Chapels, 1992, pp. 44–5: NMR, Buildings Index file 77326
  • 1620. Ibid: DSR
  • 1621. Ibid
  • 1622. LCC Mins, 26–27 July 1910, pp.346–7; 24 Oct 1911, pp.816–17; 21 Nov 1911, p.662: LMA, LCC Education Committee Mins, 25 June 1913, pp.1190–4; Acc/1953/ C/773–4: TNA, ED21/11431: DSR
  • 1623. TNA, ED21/11431,34664
  • 1624. LMA, LCC Education Committee Mins, 28 May 1952, p.445: ILEA Education Committee Mins, 17 July 1979, pp.94–5: ILEA Mins, 1 Nov 1983, p.128
  • 1625. LCC Mins, 20 Oct 1959, pp.665–6
  • 1626. B, 19 June 1964, p.1276
  • 1627. LCC Mins, 2 June 1964, p.610: GLC Mins, 22 Feb 1966, pp.127–8: Architectural Review, Jan 1965, p.41; Dec 1969, pp.460–2: AJ, 1 Oct 1969, pp.804–6
  • 1628. Information kindly supplied by John Partridge
  • 1629. Howell Killick Partridge & Amis: Architecture, 1981, p.13
  • 1630. Islington Gazette, 31 July 1987; 14 Dec 1989; 6 Sept 1990
  • 1631. Islington Gazette, 27 Jan 1994: IBC: information kindly supplied by John Partridge
  • 1632. RB
  • 1633. PE, Estate Office Correspondence, 1916–18: TNA, IR58/42933/1223
  • 1634. TNA, IR58/42933/1224–7
  • 1635. TNA, IR58/42933/1238: MBW Mins, 23 Oct 1888, p.512; 30 Oct 1888, p.595
  • 1636. LMA, GLC/DG/AE/ROL/45/038
  • 1637. DSR
  • 1638. IBC
  • 1639. MDR: PE, leases; 'Islington Estate' Account Book 1774–91
  • 1640. Pinks, p.13
  • 1641. J. Maclaren Cobban, A Reverend Gentleman, 1891, p.212
  • 1642. PE, Reports by George Baxter in Leases 1896,1898
  • 1643. T. C. Barker and Michael Robbins, A History of London Transport, vol.1, 1963, p.263; vol.2, 1974, pp.100–1
  • 1644. PE, Ledger 1764, p. 133
  • 1645. Cromwell, pp.390–2
  • 1646. Samuel Lewis, junior, The History and Topography of the Parish of Saint Mary, Islington, 1842, p. 542
  • 1647. PE, 'Wood 1695–1711', mortgages of 26 June 1695, 4 Nov 1698; assignments of 4 Nov 1698, 1 July 1700, 19 June 1704
  • 1648. PE, Penton, 'Wood 1695–1711,' contract for sale to Henry Penton, 25 March 1710 and Lease & Release, 28 March 1710
  • 1649. VCH, Middlesex, vol. viii, 1985, pp.60–1
  • 1650. PE, 'Wood 1695–1711', transcript of manorial roll, 27 Nov 1711
  • 1651. Biographical information mainly from Elizabeth Wood and Graham Penton, 'The Pentons of Winchester', in Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society Section Newsletter, Spring 1991: PE: National Register of Archives 36252
  • 1652. PE, Wills, will of Henry Penton, 31 Aug 1713: Survey of London, vol.xxv, 1955, p.82
  • 1653. MDR 1785/1/427; 1787/2/97–8,488
  • 1654. ILHC, cuttings L3.02
  • 1655. PE, Penton Family Documents, 1890–99
  • 1656. PE, Account Book 1774–91
  • 1657. PE, Account Book 1814–34; Estate Office Correspondence: B, 23 April 1881, p.521; 17 Jan 1913, p.98
  • 1658. PE, Penton Family Correspondence
  • 1659. EH, NMR, Jackson Stops Collection SA230, auction particulars: The Times, 2 May 1951, p.3d: LMA, AC/72/013 (uncatalogued)
  • 1660. VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p.73
  • 1661. PE, Islington Ledger 1783
  • 1662. Pinks, p.533
  • 1663. Ibid, pp.491–2
  • 1664. This account is based on RB: TNA, E179/143/370, r.52: PE, 'Wood 1695–1711': ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677 (transcript of BL, Sloane MS/3928 by T. Veevers— Thompson, 1929); sketch plan of New Road, c. 1760: Cromwell, pp.414–16: Pinks, pp.516–18,530–3: Mary Cosh, A History of Islington, 2005, pp.63,87–8
  • 1665. Cromwell, p.415
  • 1666. Ibid
  • 1667. PE, Leases 1744–75: MDR 1763/4/96–98; 1769/2/293
  • 1668. PE, Islington Ledger 1783, p.35
  • 1669. PE, Ledger 1764, pp.1–3,16
  • 1670. PE, Account Book, 1774–91
  • 1671. The Times, 27 Aug 1790, p.4d.
  • 1672. A. Faulkner, The Regent's Canal: London's Hidden Waterway, 2005, pp.28,56–7,155–6
  • 1673. TNA, C111/76; C13/3065/77; MFC 1/138: VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, pp.25–6
  • 1674. The Times, 1 May 1891, p. 1a; 3 March 1892, p. 1a
  • 1675. G. A. Sala, Twice Around the Clock, 1859, p.286
  • 1676. ILHC, Box of Vestry Correspondence, 1870s
  • 1677. B, 12 June 1858, p.416; 12 Nov 1859, p.176
  • 1678. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B236, pp. 173–9; B353, pp. 183,185: Jerry White, London in the Nineteenth Century, 2007, p.301
  • 1679. Fenner Brockway, Towards Tomorrow, 1977, p.23
  • 1680. PE, Estate Office Correspondence 1908–10
  • 1681. Ibid, 1907–8
  • 1682. Ibid, 1912–13
  • 1683. Ibid, 1912–13
  • 1684. Ibid, 1914–15
  • 1685. Ibid, 1911
  • 1686. Ibid, 1914–15
  • 1687. Ibid, 1912–13; Busaco Street papers in Box 98
  • 1688. For general accounts of the New Road see F. H. W. Sheppard, London Government in St. Marylebone 1688–1835, 1958, pp.94–101: Catherine Durant, 'London's First Northern By—Pass', in Camden History Review, vol.15, 1988, pp.15–19
  • 1689. MBW Mins, 8 May 1857, p.362
  • 1690. Journals of the House of Commons, vol.27, p.473
  • 1691. Supplement to the Gentleman's Magazine, 1755, p.577
  • 1692. Journals of the House of Commons, vol.27, p.344: Supplement to the Gentleman's Magazine, 1755, p.577
  • 1693. ILHC, Trustees of Islington Turnpike General Mins, 13 Aug 1755, 14 Jan 1756
  • 1694. Journals of the House of Commons, vol.27, p.344: VCH, Middlesex, vol.ix, 1989, pp.226–33: TNA, PROB11/917
  • 1695. ILHC, Trustees of Islington Turnpike General Mins, 28 May 1756
  • 1696. Gentleman's Magazine, 13 Nov 1769, p.559
  • 1697. ODNB: John H. Appleby, 'Charles Dingley, Projector, and his Limehouse Sawmill', in London Topographical Record, vol.xxvii, 1995, pp.179–93
  • 1698. Journals of the House of Commons, vol.27, p.475
  • 1699. Sheppard, p.97: Appleby, pp.179–80
  • 1700. London Topographical Record, vol.xvii, 1936, p.68
  • 1701. Supplement to the Gentleman's Magazine, 1755, pp.577–8
  • 1702. 29 Geo. III c.88, local
  • 1703. ILHC, Trustees of Islington Turnpike General Mins, 13 Aug 1755
  • 1704. Ibid, 9 June, 14 July, 11 Aug 1756: Sheppard, p.98
  • 1705. ILHC, Trustees of Islington Turnpike General Mins, March 1758
  • 1706. Journal of the London Society, no.341, Jan 1958, p.12: B, 8 Aug 1857, p.453
  • 1707. ILHC, Trustees of Islington Turnpike General Mins, 11 Aug 1756—March 1758 passim: B, 8 Aug 1857, p.453; 10 Jan 1874, p.21
  • 1708. Journals of the House of Commons, vol.27, p.476: Sheppard, p.212: Pinks, p.493
  • 1709. ILHC, Trustees of Islington Turnpike General Mins, 11 Aug 1756, March 1757, June 1757, 14 Sept 1757: Journals of the House of Commons, vol.27, p.531
  • 1710. VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p.73: PE: MDR 1763/4/ 96–8; 1769/2/293
  • 1711. London Journal, vol. 5, no.2, 1979, pp.181–93
  • 1712. MDR 1764/1/498
  • 1713. PE Ledger: MDR 1768/3/45–6
  • 1714. MDR 1783, 1784
  • 1715. MDR 1790
  • 1716. 7 Geo. IV, c.cxlii, para CXL
  • 1717. POD
  • 1718. Ibid
  • 1719. MBW Mins, 14 March 1856, p.70; 23 May 1856, p.206; 26 Sept 1856, p.482; 18 Nov 1856, p.622; 9 Oct 1857, p.720
  • 1720. B, 18 Oct 1856, pp.565,574; 14 Dec 1861, p.866
  • 1721. 7 Geo. IV, c.cxlii, para cxl
  • 1722. MBW Mins, 31 July 1863, p.769; 22 Sept 1865, p.1038; 14 Oct 1887, p.552: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/035964
  • 1723. POD
  • 1724. TNA, IR58/42872/1028: ILHC, photograph of 1963
  • 1725. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/013811: ILHC, photograph of 1962: IBC: TNA, IR58/4296/585
  • 1726. TNA, IR58/42872; IR58/43048
  • 1727. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/032284
  • 1728. POD
  • 1729. IBC
  • 1730. Ibid: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1731. MDR 1818/4/126
  • 1732. e.g. MDR 1819/4/616; 1819/6/61; 1820/4/327; 1822/3/ 49–50; 1823/9/629
  • 1733. TNA, J90/1647: RB: MDR
  • 1734. POD
  • 1735. MDR 1818/4/126: VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p. 26
  • 1736. LMA, HFCA/P9/21; HFCS/96; HFCS/108, ff.234–5, 244–51
  • 1737. RB: LMA, MR/PLT/1757–1814: GL, MS 11936 passim
  • 1738. The Times, 26 Nov 1821, p.3a; 23 Aug 1824, p.2a
  • 1739. The Times, 25 Oct 1819, p.1a; 25 Dec 1819, p.1a
  • 1740. POD: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1741. POD: RB: TNA, IR58/42871/990–3: ILHC, FBC Building Act applications, vol.4
  • 1742. Bevis Hillier, Young Betjeman, 1988, p.6: IBC
  • 1743. IBC: PE, Box 98, 'Bundles Various Dates': B, 3 Nov 1933, p.715
  • 1744. IBC
  • 1745. Ibid: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1746. IBC: Islington Gazette, 22 Nov 1990, p. 19
  • 1747. IBC
  • 1748. MDR 1818/8/96: The Times, 26 Oct 1835, p.4b: TNA, PROB11/1864
  • 1749. POD
  • 1750. Ibid
  • 1751. IBC: plaque on building
  • 1752. MDR 1787/5/27: PE, Deeds of the Penton Arms 1862–91: B, 23 Aug 1862, p.612; 1 Nov 1890, p. 353
  • 1753. ODNB
  • 1754. MDR 1818/8/96: ILHC, Claremont Chapel Minute Book 1822–48: Colvin, p.1019
  • 1755. ILHC, Claremont Chapel Minute Book 1822–48; cuttings L2.622: Cromwell, p.420
  • 1756. Boucher, p.229: ILHC, cuttings L2.622
  • 1757. ILHC, Claremont Chapel Minute Book 1838–48
  • 1758. Ibid, 1851–7
  • 1759. Boucher, p.230: Pinks, pp.547–8: ILHC, cuttings L2.622
  • 1760. Pinks, p.547
  • 1761. B, 9 June 1860, p.370; 8 Jan 1876, p.30
  • 1762. LMA, N/C/5/1: B, 11 Oct 1902, p.328: DSR
  • 1763. Catholic Herald, 20 Sept 1991, p.8: ILHC, cuttings L1.7: Journal of the RIBA, Nov 1991, pp. 52–4
  • 1764. Information kindly provided by the Crafts Council
  • 1765. MBW Mins, 14 Oct 1887, p.552
  • 1766. RB
  • 1767. POD: ILHC, photographs
  • 1768. ILHC, cuttings L4.12: Colvin, p. 522
  • 1769. MDR 1788/2/2,5,7,332: RB
  • 1770. MDR 1790/3/387: RB
  • 1771. MDR 1790/2/125; 1790/3/384–5
  • 1772. MDR 1788/1/432; 1788/2/331
  • 1773. RB: Pinks, pp.518–22
  • 1774. RB: POD: MDR 1790/2/125; 1790/9/319
  • 1775. POD
  • 1776. Ibid: ODNB
  • 1777. POD
  • 1778. IBC
  • 1779. Ibid
  • 1780. Ibid: POD: Goad insurance plans
  • 1781. IBC
  • 1782. Ibid: DSR: POD
  • 1783. B, 2 Sept 1938, p.445: DSR
  • 1784. RB
  • 1785. Cromwell, p.414: RB: MDR 1795/4/597
  • 1786. RB
  • 1787. Ibid: PE, Ledger 1764: MDR 1788/2/344
  • 1788. DSR: MBW Mins, 29 Oct 1875, p.443: ILHC, cuttings L4.6
  • 1789. MDR 1768/3/45–6: RB
  • 1790. Cromwell, p.415
  • 1791. ILHC, Deeds of the Belvidere Tavern 1784–1925
  • 1792. ILHC, handbill of c. 1769 (reprinted in H. A. Rogers, Views of ... pleasure gardens of London, 1896)
  • 1793. Islington Council leaflet, The Angel Trail, 1988
  • 1794. See Mark Girouard, Victorian Pubs, 1984, p.47: G.A. Sala, Twice Round the Clock, 1859, p.287: The Welcome Guest, 1858, p.328
  • 1795. Illustrated News of the World, 22 May 1858: Clerkenwell News, 19 April 1856, advert; 5 Dec 1858, advert
  • 1796. PE, papers in 'Leases Jan—April 1880'
  • 1797. POD
  • 1798. Ibid: RB
  • 1799. RB
  • 1800. DSR
  • 1801. MDR 1869/20/143: MBW Mins, 6 Aug 1869, p.971: TNA, IR58/42872/1026–31
  • 1802. MDR 1788/2/344; 1795/4/597: PE, Rent Roll
  • 1803. DSR
  • 1804. POD
  • 1805. PE, Deeds of the Welsh Bull, 1866–1911: DSR: RB: POD
  • 1806. DSR
  • 1807. TNA, IR58/42872/140–3: PE, Estate Office Correspondence, 1907–8
  • 1808. POD
  • 1809. IBC
  • 1810. Ibid
  • 1811. RB: MDR 1788/3/77; 1790/3/449; 1790/8/300–7: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808: The Times, 27 July 1797, p.4a; 4 April 1820, p.4d: GL, Ms 11936 passim
  • 1812. IBC
  • 1813. Ian Nairn, Nairn's London, 1982 edn, p. 152
  • 1814. 17 Geo. III c.63: Cromwell, p.401
  • 1815. MDR 1788/3/77
  • 1816. Cromwell, p.405
  • 1817. J. P. Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, vol.iii, 1803, p.242
  • 1818. MDR 1789/3/410: Pinks, pp.512–13
  • 1819. Cromwell, pp.402–3
  • 1820. ILHC, St James's Clerkenwell Trustees' Mins, 1790: 30 Geo. III c. 69
  • 1821. Cromwell, p.405
  • 1822. Westminster Gazette, 13 Aug 1920
  • 1823. Cromwell, pp.405–7: Edward Walford, Old and New London, vol.ii, 1897, p.286: Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England. London Except the Cities of London and Westminster, 1952, p.227
  • 1824. Daily Mirror, 12 Jan 1959
  • 1825. ILHC, St James's Clerkenwell Trustees' Mins
  • 1826. B, 10 Jan 1874, p.22
  • 1827. B, 23 May 1874, p.444; 20 June 1874, p.533
  • 1828. GL, MS 21,544/285: B, 27 June 1896, p.566: ILHC, cuttings L2.523
  • 1829. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 45038/1
  • 1830. Ibid
  • 1831. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 45038/3
  • 1832. Architect & Building News, 27 Jan 1933, p.125
  • 1833. St James's Clerkenwell Vestry, letter from London Diocesan Fund to Mr Gribble (Islington Borough Group Planning Officer), 16 Feb 1977
  • 1834. ILHC, cuttings L2.523
  • 1835. Private Eye, 11 Feb 1983, p.7
  • 1836. AJ, 6 June 1990
  • 1837. ILHC, cuttings L5.5; PE, Land Tax assessments in 'Leases 1800–1809': Cromwell, p.411
  • 1838. Evangelical Magazine, June 1808, p.271
  • 1839. Ibid, June 1811, p.232; July 1823, p.291
  • 1840. Ibid, Dec 1804, p. 547
  • 1841. Ibid, Feb 1807, p.91; Nov 1807, p.531
  • 1842. Ibid, Aug 1807, p.381; Nov 1808, p.490
  • 1843. Ibid, June 1814, p.237; June 1815, pp.246–7
  • 1844. Ibid, Nov 1808, p.490
  • 1845. Cromwell, p.412
  • 1846. Evangelical Magazine, Nov 1808, p.490; June 1810, p.250
  • 1847. Ibid, June 1820, p.250
  • 1848. Cromwell, p.412
  • 1849. Evangelical Magazine, Jan 1812, p.35
  • 1850. PE, correspondence in 'Leases January—April 1880': Hackney Gazette, 28 Jan 1977, letter from Stoke Newington District Reference Librarian
  • 1851. B, 28 Feb 1885, p.325: RB
  • 1852. RB: B, 3 Nov 1888, p.329
  • 1853. B, 28 Feb 1885, p.325: MBW Mins, 7 Nov 1884, p.640; 14 Nov 1884, p.674: POD
  • 1854. MDR 1783/2/308; 1784/3/449–51,476,479; 1785/1/290; 1785/5/269; 1787/3/134,139; 1787/5/307; 1787/7/ 144,237,259; 1788/1/336
  • 1855. Ibid
  • 1856. ODNB
  • 1857. POD
  • 1858. Ibid: Margaret E. Bryant, The London experience of secondary education, 1986, p.157
  • 1859. PE, estate map, 1907
  • 1860. POD
  • 1861. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/028175: Illustrated London Progress & Commerce, 1893, pp.240–1
  • 1862. POD: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/047761
  • 1863. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0693; GLC/AR/BR/17/035964: Chris Draper, Islington Cinemas & Film Studios, 1989, p.37
  • 1864. LCC bomb damage maps: OS, 1950s, 1960s edns: Goad insurance plans: POD
  • 1865. ILHC, cuttings L1.7: GL, ephemera, BI/PEN, T.1968
  • 1866. IBC: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1867. IBC
  • 1868. Footwear Organizer, May 1926
  • 1869. LMA, GLC/AR/BA/17/028175
  • 1870. Ibid, Thomas Lilley to W. E. Riley, 1 April 1910
  • 1871. LMA, GLC/AR/BA/17/028175: DSR: Academy Architecture, 1912, p. 114: Footwear Organizer, May 1926: Survey of London, vol.xlii, 1986, p.91
  • 1872. LMA, GLC/AR/BA/17/028175
  • 1873. Footwear Organizer, May 1926
  • 1874. LMA, GLC/AR/BA/17/028175: AJ, 20 Aug 1936, pp.234–7: Architect & Building News, 7 Aug 1936, pp.161–4: David Cottam, Sir Owen Williams, 1890–1969, 1986, pp.108–9: David Yeomans and David Cottam, The Engineer's Contribution to Contemporary Architecture: Sir Owen Williams, 2001, pp.128–9
  • 1875. Architect & Building News, 7 Aug 1936, p.163
  • 1876. AJ, 14 Jan 1937, p.101
  • 1877. LCC Mins, 25 July 1939, pp.160–1: LMA, GLC/AR/ BA/17/028175
  • 1878. Information from Northampton Museum
  • 1879. The Times, 10 April 1972, p.9c: ILHC, cuttings L1.7: IBC: Alec Forshaw, 20th Century Buildings in Islington, 2001, p. 69
  • 1880. ILHC, cuttings L1.7: Forshaw, op.et loc.cit.
  • 1881. IBC
  • 1882. Ibid
  • 1883. Information from Nido Student Living
  • 1884. MDR 1787/5/309; 1787/7/239,241; 1808/3/348–9
  • 1885. B, 12 April 1884, p.508: TNA, IR58/43023/220
  • 1886. David Braithwaite, Building in the Blood: The Story of Dove Brothers of Islington 1781–1981, 1981, p. 136
  • 1887. DSR: IBC: TNA, IR58/43058/3756–7
  • 1888. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/0687
  • 1889. Chris Draper, Islington Cinemas & Film Studios, 1989, p.38
  • 1890. IBC
  • 1891. Ibid: POD: www.terrynorm.ic24.net
  • 1892. POD: Goad insurance plans
  • 1893. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/032284: POD
  • 1894. POD: IBC: ILHC, cuttings
  • 1895. IBC
  • 1896. MDR 1818/4/126; 1819/4/616; 1819/6/61; 1820/4/327
  • 1897. TNA, IR58/42877/1557: MDR 1819/6/61
  • 1898. POD: TNA, IR58/42877/151–61
  • 1899. IBC
  • 1900. Ibid
  • 1901. Ibid
  • 1902. RB: MDR 1764/1/498; 1772/2/101; 1789/8/392: PE, Leases 1744–75
  • 1903. RB
  • 1904. PE, Ledger 1764; leases 1776–9: MDR 1779/5/416; 1783/4/121; 1784/4/199–201; 1785/1/439; 1785/3/ 167–8; 1785/5/267; 1786/3/504
  • 1905. POD
  • 1906. ILHC, cuttings
  • 1907. MDR 1817/5/531–2: POD: ILHC, PE, Ledger 1764, p.122; Rent Roll 1865–71, f.3; Estate Office Correspondence 1907–8: MBW Mins, 20 Nov 1863, pp.1057–8: TNA, IR58/42928/743
  • 1908. The Times, 27 June 1797, p.4a; 15 Jan 1824, p.4c: GL, MS 11936/479: POD
  • 1909. TNA, IR58/42928/719–41: POD
  • 1910. TNA, IR58/42928/719–20
  • 1911. B, 21 Nov 1924, p.832: LMA, Acc/1953/C/786,866,1012, 1161: ILHC, FBC Building Act applications, vol.4
  • 1912. DSR: IBC
  • 1913. IBC
  • 1914. POD: IBC: Goad insurance plans: B, 14 Dec 1934, p.1044
  • 1915. IBC: POD
  • 1916. IBC: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1917. IBC
  • 1918. Ibid
  • 1919. B, 7 June 1935, p.1080: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/076894: IBC: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1920. IBC
  • 1921. Information provided by T. P. Bennett Architects, SOAS and UCL
  • 1922. IBC
  • 1923. ODNB
  • 1924. e.g. MDR 1787/7/240; 1789/6/486: PE, Ledger 1764
  • 1925. RB: POD
  • 1926. POD
  • 1927. Ibid
  • 1928. TNA, IR58/42927/666–672: MDR 1887/6/863; 1887/ 30/14–15: B, 3 Nov 1888, p.329
  • 1929. PE, leases 1885, 1889; ILHC, cuttings L1.7: DSR
  • 1930. B, 5 Jan 1889, p.20: DSR
  • 1931. Censuses of 1891, 1901
  • 1932. BLPES, Booth survey notebooks, B353, p. 183
  • 1933. TNA, IR58/42927/656–99: PE, Estate Office Correspondence 1911
  • 1934. TNA, IR58/42927/634–5
  • 1935. POD
  • 1936. IBC
  • 1937. Ibid: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 1938. Ibid
  • 1939. Ibid: promotional brochure
  • 1940. Congregational Year Book, 1856, p.271
  • 1941. Pinks, p.571: W. T. Owen (ed.), Capel Elfed, 1989, p.144
  • 1942. B, 26 Aug 1848, p.418: DSR
  • 1943. LMA, MBO/517
  • 1944. Pinks, p.571
  • 1945. Owen, p.144
  • 1946. ODNB
  • 1947. Congregational Year Book, 1904, p.148
  • 1948. Ibid, 1856, p.271
  • 1949. LMA, MBO/517: POD
  • 1950. DSR
  • 1951. RB
  • 1952. Cromwell, p.421
  • 1953. John Hodgkin, MS Autobiography, Wellcome Institute Library, WMS/PP/HO/e/C5, f.32
  • 1954. Pinks, p.533
  • 1955. MDR 1784/4/568–76: RB
  • 1956. MDR 1768/4/529–30; 1769/2/508–11: RB
  • 1957. POD
  • 1958. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 11615: ILHC, cuttings L2.523
  • 1959. POD: GL, MS 19224/635: BAL, Drawings Collection, PB1415/3/70–7
  • 1960. BAL, Drawings Collection, PB1415/3/1–69
  • 1961. DSR
  • 1962. B, 9 March 1872, p. 195: POD
  • 1963. B, 10 Sept 1887, p.381: POD
  • 1964. ODNB: RB: EH, blue plaque file 647
  • 1965. MDR 1784/4/570,571
  • 1966. ILHC, FBC Mins, 11 Oct 1932, p.398; 22 Nov 1932, p.485
  • 1967. Highbury & Islington Express, 31 March 2000, p.7
  • 1968. IBC: Islington Gazette, 22 July 1977: Building Design, 20 Jan 1978, p.13
  • 1969. IBC
  • 1970. PE, Estate Office Correspondence, May 1936
  • 1971. IBC
  • 1972. The Times, 15 Nov 1934, p.16d
  • 1973. IBC
  • 1974. Architect & Building News, 7 June 1967, p.983: www. londontransport.co.uk
  • 1975. Pinks, p.71
  • 1976. Clerkenwell Church Extension Trust papers, 1853–8
  • 1977. Pinks, pp. 515–16
  • 1978. Clerkenwell Church Extension Trust papers, letter from Courtenay, 13 July 1858
  • 1979. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 13193
  • 1980. Ibid, file 11615
  • 1981. ILHC, cuttings L2.523
  • 1982. MBW Mins, 9 Dec 1859, pp.778–9,847: BN, 6 April 1860, p.274
  • 1983. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 13193
  • 1984. Ecclesiologist, vol.xviii, 1860, p.257
  • 1985. Pinks, p.516
  • 1986. MBW Mins, 10 Aug 1860, p.585
  • 1987. Ibid, 25 Jan 1861, p.72
  • 1988. Proceedings in Chancery, Ecclesiastical Commissioners v. Vestry and Parish of St James and St John Clerkenwell, 1861
  • 1989. Pinks, p.516
  • 1990. The Times, 4 June 1861, p.4a
  • 1991. GL, MS 19224/635
  • 1992. B, 23 Aug 1862, p.612
  • 1993. ILHC, cuttings L2.523
  • 1994. GL, MS 19224/635
  • 1995. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 11615
  • 1996. Ibid: B, 27 July 1867, p.555
  • 1997. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 11615: The Times, 9 Oct 1869
  • 1998. GL, MS 19224/635: MBW Mins, 29 Sept 1882, p.418
  • 1999. CERC, Church Commissioners' file 11615: Frank Burden, Parish Church of St. Silas with All Saints and St. James Penton Street, Islington N1: A Brief Survey of the Past 118 Years, 1985
  • 2000. ILHC, cuttings L2.523
  • 2001. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/ES/115580: Burden, op.cit.: Michael Farrer, 'St Silas, Pentonville: A History' (unpublished typescript in church archives, 2005), pp.22–3
  • 2002. IBC
  • 2003. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/044048: Islington Gazette, 22 July 1927
  • 2004. IBC
  • 2005. PE, Leases, 1778 and 1783; Rent Roll, 1856–71: RB
  • 2006. PE, Leases, 1783; Rent Roll, 1856–71
  • 2007. MDR 1775/6/12
  • 2008. MDR 1781/4/298,299; 1785/1/289
  • 2009. MDR 1784/3/421
  • 2010. MDR 1775/4/340; 1780/4/341–4
  • 2011. PE, Salmon & Compasses deeds, 1856–1928: MBW Mins, 7 Aug 1874, p.254: IBC
  • 2012. MDR 1780/4/341: IBC
  • 2013. RB: TNA, E179/143/370, r.52: Supplement to the Gentleman's Magazine, 1755, p.577: MDR 1788/6/224: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808; Horwood's map: Pinks, pp.517–18
  • 2014. RB: PE, Leases: MDR 1779/1/283–4; 1779/5/417–9; 1780/3/69,70,160–1,508; 1782/4/499
  • 2015. RB: MDR, 1787/3/131; 1788/1/430: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808; Horwood's map
  • 2016. LMA, photographs
  • 2017. RB: MDR 1788/4/349; 1788/7/260–1; 1789/3/215–16; 1789/8/452: DSR
  • 2018. IBC
  • 2019. GL, MS 11936/459/867803; MS 11936/463/88196, 893858,901894; Ms 11936/475/927703,940727,944535: VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p. 108: ODNB: C. Harris, Islington, 1974, p.82
  • 2020. POD: ODNB: Census: ILHC, Box of Vestry Correspondence, 1870s: PE, Estate Office Correspondence
  • 2021. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/014417
  • 2022. RB: MDR 1787/7/242
  • 2023. The Times, 17 Jan 1815, p.1; 26 Sept 1818, p.1: POD
  • 2024. POD: Pinks, p. 547
  • 2025. PE, Leases and other deeds: DSR
  • 2026. POD: ILHC, cuttings
  • 2027. ILHC, cuttings: Baumeister, Nov 1975, pp.975–8
  • 2028. IBC
  • 2029. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/014417
  • 2030. B, 7 April 1906, p.383: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/3334: P. Temple, Islington Chapels, 1992, pp.74–5
  • 2031. SBL Mins, 6 Oct 1872, p.650; 8 Oct 1873, p.997; 11 Feb 1874, p.275: TNA, ED21/11426: B, 11 Oct 1873, p.813: LMA, SBL/CON/R
  • 2032. TNA, ED21/11426
  • 2033. SBL Mins, 20 Feb 1896, p.1765: TNA, ED21/11426: DSR: LMA, SBL/CON/R
  • 2034. B, 17 Nov 1900, p.456: DSR: LMA, SBL/CON/R
  • 2035. ILEA Education Committee Mins, 14 Feb 1973, p.49
  • 2036. P. Temple, Islington Chapels, 1992, p.75
  • 2037. DSR
  • 2038. Ibid
  • 2039. Boucher, p.111
  • 2040. Boucher, pp.111–12: Michael Farrer, 'St Silas, Pentonville: A History' (unpublished typescript in church archives, 2005), pp.6–8
  • 2041. www.chrishobbs.com/tivertonpreedy.htm
  • 2042. Boucher, pp.111–12: Farrer, pp.9–12
  • 2043. PE, Box of bundles, 1902–8
  • 2044. The Times, 20 May 1901, p.9e; 3 Dec 1901, p.4f
  • 2045. Builders' Journal and Architectural Record, 14 May 1902, p.195: BN, 6 Dec 1901, p.762: B, 7 Dec 1901, p.515
  • 2046. Information from Sir Christopher White: J. Richard Judson, Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard, Part VI, 2000, pp.205–7
  • 2047. DSR
  • 2048. Ibid
  • 2049. Boucher, p. 112
  • 2050. Ibid, pp.113–14
  • 2051. ILHC, cuttings: IBC
  • 2052. POD: DSR: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/014417: IBC
  • 2053. DSR: POD: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/014417
  • 2054. POD: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/17/014417: PE, Estate Office Correspondence: IBC
  • 2055. IBC
  • 2056. POD: OS: DSR
  • 2057. Islington Gazette, 4 April 1985: www.brooklynmuseum.org
  • 2058. IBC
  • 2059. Ibid
  • 2060. TNA, IR58/42866/468: ILHC, Deeds: POD
  • 2061. IBC: www.aitchgroup.co.uk
  • 2062. DSR: Goad insurance plans
  • 2063. IBC
  • 2064. RB: MDR 1787/7/234,236: POD
  • 2065. MDR 1781/2/351; 1781/4/161: ILHC, Deeds: RB: POD: DSR
  • 2066. DSR: POD
  • 2067. POD: IBC
  • 2068. IBC
  • 2069. Ibid
  • 2070. DSR: Goad insurance plans: IBC
  • 2071. RB: MDR 1787/4/153–4
  • 2072. Pinks, pp.686–7
  • 2073. MDR 1787/8/290; 1788/1/431–2; 1788/6/223: RB: DSR
  • 2074. IBC
  • 2075. Ibid
  • 2076. DSR
  • 2077. IBC: www.nc-architects.com
  • 2078. IBC
  • 2079. Clerkenwell Press, 14 Nov 1885: PE, Estate Office Correspondence and deeds
  • 2080. MDR 1787/5/308
  • 2081. MDR 1775/4/340
  • 2082. MDR: PE, Deeds and Rental Ledgers
  • 2083. MDR 1790/3/390
  • 2084. RB: IBC
  • 2085. RB: DSR: PE: ODNB
  • 2086. Times, 4 Nov 1818, p.4b: RB: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808: PE, estate map, 1840/1: IBC
  • 2087. MDR 1787/3/137
  • 2088. RB: IBC
  • 2089. Edwin J. Marrs jr, The Letters of Charles and Mary Anne Lamb, vol.1, 1796–1801, 1975, pp.xxxix—xl, 117, 169n: Pinks, p.546: C. Harris, Islington, 1974, pp.70–4: RB: ODNB
  • 2090. MDR 1789/1/452–3
  • 2091. RB
  • 2092. PE, Bundle of papers with Leases, Jan—Oct 1883: Cromwell, pp.284–7,421: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808
  • 2093. RB: IBC
  • 2094. OS of 1894–6: DSR
  • 2095. DSR: PE, Leases 1885, 1892: IBC
  • 2096. B, 14 Nov 1885, p.705
  • 2097. DSR: date—stone
  • 2098. PE, Estate Office Correspondence, 1907–8
  • 2099. PE: DSR: OS of 1871–4
  • 2100. DSR
  • 2101. Ibid: PE, Estate Office Correspondence: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/25/007767
  • 2102. DSR: PE, Estate Office Correspondence: IBC
  • 2103. MBW Mins: PE, Estate Office Correspondence; deeds: DSR: POD
  • 2104. POD
  • 2105. Finsbury Official Guide, 1954
  • 2106. ODNB
  • 2107. Bridget Williams, The Best Butter in the World: A History of Sainsbury's, 1994, p.20: Mary Cosh, A History of Islington, 2005, p.224
  • 2108. Williams, pp.22,31: POD
  • 2109. IBC: Williams, p. 150
  • 2110. J. Sainsbury plc, press release 25 Nov 1985
  • 2111. Marks & Spencer archives: IBC
  • 2112. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/06/080303: IBC: Maurice Corina, Pile It High, Sell It Cheap—The Authorised Biography Of Sir John Cohen, Founder Of Tesco, 1971
  • 2113. RB: DSR
  • 2114. PE: EH, Historians' file ISL 148
  • 2115. PE, Estate Office Correspondence: DSR
  • 2116. Williams, p.22
  • 2117. ILN, 28 Dec 1844, p.411
  • 2118. ILHC, history of market compiled by librarian at Starcross School, 1973, in cuttings L6.23
  • 2119. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Correspondence
  • 2120. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 3 July 1873
  • 2121. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins
  • 2122. Clerkenwell Press, 8 June 1881
  • 2123. ILHC, Clerkenwell Vestry Mins, 25 Nov 1890, p.269
  • 2124. London Markets. Special report of the Public Control Committee relative to Existing Markets and Market Rights in or near the Administrative County of London, 1893, as noted in private archive of Mary Cosh
  • 2125. A. L. Lloyd, 'Face of the Angel', in Illustrated, 23 June 1951, pp.9–13,35
  • 2126. Geoffrey Fletcher, 'The Hidden Treasures of London's Markets', in Daily Telegraph, 30 Dec 1965
  • 2127. ILHC, cuttings L1.7, Report of Borough Cleansing and transport officer, 14 May 1984: Islington Gazette, 24 May 1985
  • 2128. IBC
  • 2129. Ibid
  • 2130. www.edgleydesign.co.uk/development/chapel-market, accessed May 2007
  • 2131. LCC Mins, 25 April 1893, p.436
  • 2132. RB: DSR: IBC
  • 2133. RB: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808: J. & H. S. Storer's map of Clerkenwell, 1827, reproduced in Cromwell: PE, estate map, 1840/1
  • 2134. DSR: PE, Estate Office Correspondence: IBC
  • 2135. MDR 1829/1/473–4: RB: Pinks, p.547: DSR
  • 2136. B, 15 Feb 1879, p.190: PE, Leases 1879: MBW Mins, 4 March 1887, p.392; 11 March 1887, p.421: RB: DSR
  • 2137. PE, Estate Office Correspondence 1912–13: DSR: ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 2138. ILHC, cuttings: E. A. Willats, Streets with a Story: The Book of Islington, 1988 edn, pp.60,238
  • 2139. A. Faulkner, The Regent's Canal: London's hidden waterway, 2005, pp.19–21,32–3: RB: www.canalmuseum.org.uk
  • 2140. RB: MDR 1794/4/136: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808
  • 2141. LMA, Acc/2877: PE, Estate Office Correspondence: DSR: POD
  • 2142. ILHC, FBC Mins, March—June 1924: PE, Estate Office Correspondence: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/041759
  • 2143. FBC Mins, 10 Dec 1924
  • 2144. FBC Mins, 8 Feb 1926
  • 2145. Tanis F. M. Hinchcliffe, 'The Housing Market in Islington Between the Wars', University of London PhD thesis, 1991
  • 2146. ILHC, FBC opening booklet for Mandeville Houses, 1928
  • 2147. FBC Mins, 19 Oct 1933; Opening booklet for Mandeville Street Extension, 1934
  • 2148. Islington Gazette, 13 June 1980
  • 2149. Islington Gazette, 6 March 1987, 5 Feb 1992: ILHC, cuttings: information from Mark Watts of the Metropolitan Police
  • 2150. C. R. Sanders (ed.), The Collected Letters of Thomas and Jane Welsh Carlyle, Volume 3 1824–1825, 1970, p.195
  • 2151. James Peller Malcolm, Londinium Redivivum, vol.iii, 1803, p.245
  • 2152. PE, Box re Penton Family 1707 to 1829; Account Book 1795–1806
  • 2153. PE, Leases, 12 Sept 1772
  • 2154. Pinks, p.525
  • 2155. Cromwell, p.422: Pinks, p.525
  • 2156. Cromwell, p.434
  • 2157. ILHC, Sale Particulars of Hermes Hill estate, 1805
  • 2158. Cromwell, pp.434–5
  • 2159. Ibid, p.439: Pinks, p.525: ILHC, Sale Particulars of the Hermes Hill estate, 1805
  • 2160. ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808: PE, Lease, 1 June 1776: ILHC, Sale Particulars of the Hermes Hill estate, 1805
  • 2161. Pinks, pp.525–30
  • 2162. ODNB
  • 2163. RB
  • 2164. OS: POD
  • 2165. RB: MDR 1787/1/169
  • 2166. MDR 1780/2/384; 1780/4/15–16; 1782/1/460–2; 1783/2/309; 1784/2/381; 1786/4/135–6; 1788/1/335, 1788/3/88; 1788/3/397–8
  • 2167. Malcolm, pp.244–5: TNA, ED3/5
  • 2168. PE, Rent Roll, 1865–71, f.4
  • 2169. ILHC, cuttings L1.7
  • 2170. RB
  • 2171. PE, Ledger 1764
  • 2172. MDR 1790/3/112; 1792/7/429
  • 2173. RB
  • 2174. MDR 1779/5/420
  • 2175. MDR 1788/1/338; 1789/2/328; 1789/6/105–6; 1790/5/29–31; 1790/5/240–1; 1790/5/506; 1790/6/384; 1790/6/456; 1790/8/233
  • 2176. RB: CERC, Church Commissioners' file 18196
  • 2177. ODNB: Mary Cosh, 'Clockmaker Extraordinary: The Career of Alexander Cumming', in Country Life, 12 June 1969, pp.1528–35
  • 2178. MDR 1788/3/77
  • 2179. MDR 1788/7/14; 1788/8/150–2; 1789/3/409–10; 1789/3/442; 1789/3/468–9; 1789/4/431: PE, leases, 29 Feb 1798
  • 2180. MDR 1792/2/597–600; 1792/3/600–2; 1792/7/428; 1793/3/41–3; 1793/7/698
  • 2181. MDR 1803/6/722; 1812/7/417: PE, leases, 19 Aug 1803, 22 March 1809, 12 Nov 1809
  • 2182. RB
  • 2183. MDR 1784/4/201: 1788/4/162–3
  • 2184. National Pipe Organ Register, Dictionary of British Organ Builders, at http://npor.emma.cam.ac.uk
  • 2185. ODNB: Pinks, p.514
  • 2186. MDR 1789/3/409
  • 2187. ILHC, cuttings L1.7: POD
  • 2188. ODNB: Alexander Bain, James Mill, 1882, pp.59–61,72: EH, Blue Plaques file AR/HB/SG/BP90
  • 2189. ODNB
  • 2190. Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England. London Except the Cities of London and Westminster, 1952, p.233
  • 2191. William Godwin, Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Women, 1798, pp. 150–1: Claire Tomalin, The Life and Death of Mary Wollstonecraft, 1992 edn, pp.243–4,258
  • 2192. ODNB
  • 2193. MDR 1792/2/597
  • 2194. Sanders, pp.194–5
  • 2195. Pinks, p.507
  • 2196. EH, Blue Plaques file LD/SG/BP647
  • 2197. MDR 1787/7/258; 1788/4/347
  • 2198. LMA, A/PCS/1, pp.5,100: ILHC, cuttings
  • 2199. RB
  • 2200. MDR 1787/3/130; 1787/3/141; 1787/7/145; 1787/7/ 258; 1788/4/347–9; 1788/8/370–1
  • 2201. MDR 1784/3/453
  • 2202. RB
  • 2203. LMA, MA/S/250,251
  • 2204. MDR 1803/1/180; 1808/3/348–9; 1821/6/369–70
  • 2205. The Times, 31 March 1825, p.3f: VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p.6
  • 2206. Horwood's map, 1813 edn
  • 2207. MDR 1843/6/414
  • 2208. British Library Map Library, Crace XV/44
  • 2209. TNA, PROB11/1973
  • 2210. The Times, 19 July 1843, p.8b; 1 Aug 1843, p.12e; 9 Jan 1844, p.8e
  • 2211. 1851 Census
  • 2212. PE, Rent Book 1824–8
  • 2213. OS of 1894–6
  • 2214. PE, Correspondence in Leases Jan—April 1880
  • 2215. 56 Vic. c.lxvi
  • 2216. MBW Mins, 27 Jan 1871, p. 167: PE, Leases, 20 Aug 1878; 16 April 1879; 6 May 1879
  • 2217. B, 15 Feb 1879, p.190
  • 2218. MBW Mins, 4 July 1884, p.41: B, 11 July 1885, p.77: DSR: PE, Leases, reports of 14 July and 9 Nov 1898
  • 2219. J. A. Yelling, Slums and Slum Clearance in Victorian London, 1986, p.97
  • 2220. PE, Leases, 26 Dec 1868: MBW Mins, 22 Jan 1869, p.101
  • 2221. Banister Fletcher, Model Homes for the Industrial Classes, 1871, pp. 8,49
  • 2222. PE, Leases, 20 June 1870: OS of 1894–6: DSR
  • 2223. TNA, IR58/42870/887–904; IR58/42871/905–911,929– 964
  • 2224. PE, lease, 1 Feb 1878: B, 26 Oct 1878, p.1132: DSR
  • 2225. RB: PE, Estate Office Correspondence, 1908–10
  • 2226. LMA, GLC/AR/BA/17/035964: DSR
  • 2227. TNA, ED3/5: B, 29 July 1871, p.593
  • 2228. ILHC, cuttings L1.7, L2.523: Islington & Holloway Press, 20 Aug 1938
  • 2229. The Times, 18 Dec 1890, p.7e
  • 2230. ILHC, cuttings L2.9: POD
  • 2231. B, 11 July 1885, p.77: DSR
  • 2232. POD
  • 2233. MBW Mins, 21 Nov 1862, p.882: OS of 1871–4
  • 2234. OS of 1894–6 and 1938
  • 2235. DSR: POD
  • 2236. AJ, 14 May 1975, pp. 1016–7
  • 2237. TNA, ED21/11425
  • 2238. SBL Mins, 8 Nov 1883, p.926; 22 Jan 1885, p.295; LMA, SBL/CON/R—Risinghill Street
  • 2239. SBL Mins, 20 Oct 1898, p.1081; 8 Feb 1900, p.613
  • 2240. TNA, ED21/34657–8
  • 2241. LCC Mins, 8 Nov 1949, p. 662
  • 2242. LCC Mins, 1 Feb 1955, p. 10
  • 2243. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/13/115288: LCC Mins, 21 Feb 1956, p.63
  • 2244. Elain Harwood, in conversation with Michael Grice of the Architects' Co-Partnership, 2002
  • 2245. Architect & Building News, 11 April 1962, pp.527–30
  • 2246. LMA, LCC Education Committee Mins, 6 April 1960, p.388
  • 2247. ILHC, St Silas Parish Newspaper, May 1960
  • 2248. Cited in W. A. S. Stewart, Progressives and Radicals in English Education 1750–1970, 1972, p.480
  • 2249. New Society, 13 June 1968, pp.868–70
  • 2250. Stewart, pp.480–2: Sonia Roberts, The Story of Islington, 1975, pp.220–2
  • 2251. New Society, 13 June 1968, p.868
  • 2252. Stewart, p.480
  • 2253. ILHC, cuttings L542
  • 2254. Journal of the RIBA, Feb 2004, pp.31–4
  • 2255. The Guardian, Education Section, 19 Sept 2006, p.3
  • 2256. FBC Mins, Feb 1956—Jan 1961: IBC
  • 2257. Ibid, 4 Jan 1960, pp.728–9
  • 2258. Ibid, Jan 1960 to July 1961
  • 2259. Islington Gazette, 29 Jan 1965
  • 2260. FBC Mins, 9 March 1964, p.764; 7 Dec 1964, p.509
  • 2261. IBC
  • 2262. PE, Estate Office Correspondence, 1914–15: IBC
  • 2263. IBC
  • 2264. Ibid
  • 2265. FBC Mins, 7 Oct 1924; 19 Jan 1926; 8 Feb 1926
  • 2266. ILHC, Opening booklet, Mandeville Houses, 1928
  • 2267. Islington Council Mins, 24 & 28 June 1976: Islington Gazette, 10 Jan 1986
  • 2268. FBC Mins, 1930–1
  • 2269. Ibid, 1935–6
  • 2270. BAL Archives, LUB/1/17/3
  • 2271. FBC Mins, 6 April 1937
  • 2272. AJ, 21 March 1935, pp.437–46: John Allan, Berthold Lubetkin: Architecture and the tradition of progress, 1992, pp.281–5 (account of Busaco Street/Priory Green, pp.349–51, 405–14, 595–6)
  • 2273. BAL Archives, LUB/1/18/1; LUB/1/19/8,19; LUB/ 1/21
  • 2274. Ibid, LUB/1/19/5,7: Finsbury Citizen, Nov 1937
  • 2275. BAL Archives, LUB/1/19/6: ILHC, cuttings L3.151, PRI, 'Busaco Street Housing Scheme for the Finsbury Borough Council', Tecton Architects, 30 April 1938
  • 2276. Architect & Building News, 21 Oct 1938, p.58
  • 2277. BAL, Photographs Collection, Lubetkin photographs 5058: Allan, p.351
  • 2278. ILHC, FBC Mins, 16 May 1940
  • 2279. Ibid, 1943–4
  • 2280. Ann Saunders (ed.), The London County Council Bomb Damage Maps 1939–1945 (LTS Publication No. 164), 2005, Map 50
  • 2281. BAL Archives, LUB/1/26: FBC Mins, 11 May 1944
  • 2282. FBC Mins, May—July 1945
  • 2283. Ibid, 7 July 1947
  • 2284. BAL Archives, LUB/2/5/62
  • 2285. Allan, pp.442–3
  • 2286. BAL Archives, LUB/3/2/15,22
  • 2287. Architectural Design, Dec 1951, p.356. For other articles on Priory Green see AJ, 9 Oct 1952, pp.433–41: Architectural Review, Oct 1952, pp.241–53
  • 2288. Information from John Allan: cf. e.g. AJ, 9 Oct 1952, p.437
  • 2289. Paul Damaz, Art in European Architecture, 1956, p.181
  • 2290. Architectural Review, Oct 1952, pp.250–3
  • 2291. FBC Mins, 1952–7
  • 2292. BAL, Photographs Collection, Lubetkin photographs 5058/86
  • 2293. FBC Mins, 2 April, 9 Sept 1952
  • 2294. Ibid, 1 Nov 1954
  • 2295. Ibid, 10 Oct 1955
  • 2296. Islington Gazette, 2 Aug 1980
  • 2297. ILHC, Islington Borough Council, Housing Cttee Mins, 23 Nov 1982
  • 2298. AJ, 19 Oct 1988, pp.77–8
  • 2299. AJ, 1/8 Aug 1996, p.13; 3 Sept 1998, p.32; 20 April 2000, pp.6–7: Building Design, 17 Nov 2000, pp.16–19
  • 2300. Building Design, 17 Nov 2000, p.6: Highbury & Islington Express, 29 June 2001, p. 10
  • 2301. Information from John Allan
  • 2302. www.jcmt.co.uk
  • 2303. B, 12 April 1974, pp.64–9
  • 2304. IBC
  • 2305. Ibid: information from the Model Railway Club
  • 2306. ILHC, London Borough of Islington, Council Mins
  • 2307. IBC
  • 2308. Ibid
  • 2309. Ibid: www.smartnewhomes.com (Dec 2006)
  • 2310. E. A. Willats, Streets with a Story: The Book of Islington, 1988 edn, p. 132
  • 2311. Alec Forshaw, 20th Century Buildings in Islington, 2001, p.69: IBC
  • 2312. SBL Mins
  • 2313. B, 22 June 1872, p.484; 10 Aug 1872, p.624; 30 Nov 1872, p.944: SBL Mins, 6 Nov 1872; 30 July 1873
  • 2314. B, 21 Dec 1872, pp. 1006–7,1009
  • 2315. TNA, ED21/11427: SBL Mins, 26 June 1884
  • 2316. SBL Mins, 28 March 1895
  • 2317. LCC Mins, 17 Feb 1915, 2 March 1915: TNA, ED21/11427
  • 2318. TNA, ED21/34660
  • 2319. Evening Standard, 24 Sep 1997
  • 2320. www.islingtonschools.net: press release from Cartwright Pickard Architects
  • 2321. LCC Mins, 9 April 1935, p.519
  • 2322. Ibid, 28 July 1936, pp. 193–4; 2 Nov 1937, pp.252–3; 3 May 1938, pp.252–3
  • 2323. Evening News, 8 May 1950: FBC Mins, 13 Jan 1947, p.532; 16 Feb 1947, p.602
  • 2324. FBC Mins, 5 July 1948, p.205; 13 Sep 1948, pp.270–1
  • 2325. FBC Mins, 4 July 1949, p.113
  • 2326. AJ, 5 April 1951, pp.430–2: Architect & Building News, 6 April 1951, pp.393–6
  • 2327. DSR: POD
  • 2328. POD
  • 2329. IBC
  • 2330. Dan Cruickshank and Peter Wyld, London: The Art of Georgian Building, 1975, p.148
  • 2331. MDR 1840/7/234–5; 1841/2/395; 1842/1/537; 1842/4/ 898–9
  • 2332. Pinks, p.513: MDR 1808/3/348–9
  • 2333. MDR
  • 2334. IBC
  • 2335. DSR
  • 2336. LMA, GLC/AR/BA/17/035964: DSR
  • 2337. IBC
  • 2338. RB
  • 2339. DSR
  • 2340. POD: IBC
  • 2341. IBC
  • 2342. Ibid
  • 2343. Ibid
  • 2344. Robert Morden and Philip Lea, An Actuall Survey of London, Westminster and Southwark, 1700
  • 2345. T. E. Tomlins, A Perambulation of Islington, London, 1858, p. 192
  • 2346. A. L. Lloyd, 'Face of the Angel', in Illustrated, 23 June 1951, p.10
  • 2347. Ibid
  • 2348. The Times, 11 Nov 1970: AJ, 20 May 1970, p.1238
  • 2349. AJ, 16 Aug 1972, p.354: The Times, 17 Jan 1973, p.16: Islington Gazette, 27 April 1973: Highbury and Islington Express, 15 Nov 1996: ILHC, cuttings
  • 2350. TNA, SC6/Hen VIII/2402, m.4
  • 2351. TNA, C142/343/136: Pinks, p.550
  • 2352. Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, Charles 1, 1637–8, p.49; Ibid, 1638–9, p.262: TNA, C9/3/122: ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677 (transcript of BL, Sloane MS/3928 by T. Veevers- Thompson, 1929)
  • 2353. RB: ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677: TNA, C111/76; PROB11/434; E179/143/370
  • 2354. Cromwell, pp.31–2,388–9: Pinks, pp.548–51
  • 2355. RB: TNA, C111/76: LMA, MR/PLT/1636,1654
  • 2356. PE, sketch plan of New Road, c. 1760: Robert Ward, London's New River, 2002, p.190
  • 2357. Thomas C. Rickman, The Life of Thomas Paine, 1819, p.84
  • 2358. RB: TNA, C111/76; C13/3065/77; J90/1646; MFC/1/ 138
  • 2359. The Times, 23 Jan 1819, p.4
  • 2360. TNA, J90/1646–7: MDR 1818/4/126; 1822/3/50: VCH, Middlesex, vol.viii, 1985, p.26
  • 2361. LMA, MR/PLT/1811: ILHC, cuttings: POD: Census
  • 2362. B, 1 Aug 1857, p.442; 21 Aug 1869, p.676: BN, 22 Oct 1869, p.303: DSR: MBW Mins, 11 June 1869, p.717: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/020005: Mary Cosh, 'A Jaundiced View of Islington', in Islington Archaeological and Historical Society Newsletter, Nov 1996, p.2
  • 2363. LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/286: BN, 28 Nov 1878, p.606: DSR: ILHC, cuttings: Mark Girouard, Victorian Pubs, 1975, p.82
  • 2364. DSR: BN, 27 June 1890, p.930: OS of 1894–6: Girouard, p.82
  • 2365. BN, 19 Dec 1902, p.865
  • 2366. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/22/020005: LCC Mins, 17 Dec 1901, p.1747; 21 Jan 1902, p.34; 15 July 1902, p.1087: BN, 19 Dec 1902, p.865: G. A. T. Middleton, Modern Buildings. Their Planning, Construction and Equipment, vol.vi, 1907, pp.18–19: Girouard, p.114
  • 2367. Newman Flower (ed.), The Journals of Arnold Bennett, 1921–1928, 1933, p.24
  • 2368. Daily Gazette, 8 June 1921, p.2d: Daily Mail, 5 Oct 1921: LMA, Acc/3527/461: ILHC, cuttings: information supplied by J. Lyons & Co: The Times, 1 Dec 1994, p.1
  • 2369. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/34/005000/130: Islington Gazette, 29 Oct 1976; 22 June 1979; 15 Feb 1980: Building Design, 9 June 1978, p.6, 4 Dec 1981, pp.20–3: ILHC, cuttings
  • 2370. RB: TNA, E179/143/370, r.52: ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677
  • 2371. TNA, IR58/42862/7
  • 2372. RB: GL, MS 11936/469/911324; MS 11936/520/ 1090982: MDR 1787/3/140: LMA, MR/PLT/ 1636,1654,1811: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808: B, 13 Dec 1884, p.812
  • 2373. www.oldbaileyonline.org
  • 2374. T. E. Tomlins, A Perambulation of Islington, London, 1858, p. 193
  • 2375. The Times, 13 Feb 1857, p.12: B, 10 Nov 1888, p.349: Pinks, p.552
  • 2376. ILHC, cuttings and card index
  • 2377. DSR
  • 2378. RB: TNA, E179/143/370; C8/349/161: ILHC, 'Census of Clerkenwell', 1677: PE, Deeds: Pinks, pp.552–3
  • 2379. Cromwell, p.390: Pinks, pp.552–3
  • 2380. PE, Ledger 1783
  • 2381. RB: PE: MDR 1787/3/140; 1789/4/432; 1791/6/172; 1805/7/127: LMA, MR/PLT/1636,1654,1811: POD: DSR: B, 23 Nov 1878, p.1238; 31 May 1879, p.614
  • 2382. ILHC, deeds: The Licensing World & Licensed Trade Review, 10 Dec 1898, p.422: TNA, IR58/42862/12
  • 2383. ILHC, cuttings
  • 2384. PE: LMA, MDR 1761/4/386; 1773/2/121–2
  • 2385. Pinks, p.554: Mary Cosh, A History of Islington, 2005, pp.86–8
  • 2386. LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/282,284,309,321; SC/PZ/FI/02/ 040
  • 2387. DSR: POD: Pinks, pp.553–5
  • 2388. LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/321
  • 2389. DSR: LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/1914: LCC Mins: The Brick Builder, Dec 1933, pp.23–6
  • 2390. ILHC, cuttings
  • 2391. MBW Mins, 1 Aug 1862, p.616: PE, Leases 1861: POD
  • 2392. TNA, J90/1646–7: LMA, MDR 1820/6/454
  • 2393. TNA, IR58/42862/2–3: DSR: IBC
  • 2394. DSR: POD
  • 2395. BL, Add MS 31323 MM and YY: ILHC, photographs: IBC
  • 2396. POD: IBC
  • 2397. TNA, E179/143/370: Cromwell, pp.390–2
  • 2398. LMA, MDR 1795/2/761: RB: LMA, MR/PLT/1811
  • 2399. DSR: ILHC, cuttings
  • 2400. EH, Historians' file ISL 133
  • 2401. LMA, MDR 1733/4/330; 1761/4/386; 1795/2/761: Cromwell, pp.392–3
  • 2402. DSR: B, 8 April 1882, p.440: POD: TNA, IR58/42862/ 15–30
  • 2403. IBC
  • 2404. LMA, SC/PZ/FI/01/284,309: POD
  • 2405. DSR
  • 2406. Ibid: Cosh, p.224: IBC
  • 2407. PE, Estate plan, 1840–1
  • 2408. TNA, BT31/20443/119978, as quoted by Isobel Watson, in 'Rebuilding London: Abraham Davis and his Brothers, 1881–1924', in London Journal, vol.xxix, no.1, 2004, p.71
  • 2409. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/1982: IBC: POD
  • 2410. Islington Daily Gazette, 19 March 1913, p.4
  • 2411. Ibid
  • 2412. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/1982
  • 2413. Islington Daily Gazette, 19 March 1913, p.4
  • 2414. Chris Draper, Islington's Cinemas and Film Studios, 1989, p.55
  • 2415. LMA, GLC/AR/BR/07/1982: DSR
  • 2416. PE: MDR 1785/3/356,374; 1785/5/268; 1790/3/386; 1792/8/854; 1793/1/302; 1797/2/486: RB: ILHC, Thomas Hornor's ms map of Clerkenwell, 1808
  • 2417. PE, Deeds: DSR: POD: Goad insurance plans: Marks & Spencer archives
  • 2418. PE, Estate Office Correspondence 1913–14; Deeds
  • 2419. IBC
  • 2420. DSR
  • 2421. IBC
  • 2422. Alec Forshaw, 20th Century buildings in Islington, 2001, p.83: ILHC, cuttings
  • 2423. IBC