Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 1, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1790.
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COLESTON-BASSET and NEWBOLD.
This Township being wholly omitted in Doomsday-Book, saving what is there recorded of Newbold, the Reader must look back to Kinalton for what he would be satisfied in concerning it: where he will find two Parts of Newbold, one King William's, and another his Son William Peverell's; the greater Part whereof, 'tis like, concerned this Place, but how it was disposed is uncertain.
Raph Basset, Justice of England, 21 H. 1. gave one Carucat of Land in Chinalton, and ten Oxen, for the Maintenance of a Monk in the Abbey of Eynsham, in Oxfordshire, which Land was Parcel of the Lordship of Colestune. (fn. 1)
King Henry the First confirmed the Gift of Richard Basset, and Matildis Ridel, his Wife, of several Lands, and very many Churches, amongst the Rest, this of Coleston, to the Church of St. John the Baptist, of Laund, in Leicestershire, which they had founded for the Soul of King William, his Father. (fn. 2) Their Son Galfr. Ridel certified King Henry the Second, about the twelfth Year of his Reign, that Richard Basset, his Father, held at the Death of King H. 1. nine Score Carucats of Land and four, and one Virg. for the Fees of fifteen Knights; and that Raph, the Son of Raph Basset, held Coleston of him, which was of the Honor of Warengford, for the Service of a Knight's Fee, which Raph Basset, the said Galsr. his Grandfather held; (fn. 3) which last-mentioned Raph Basset, Father of Raph, was one of the Heirs of Geva, Daughter of Hugh Earl of Chester, and Galfr. Ridel was another, and both of their Grandfathers Chief Justices of England, for King H. 1. (fn. 4) as was also Richard Basset, the first Raph's Son, before spoken of; which Richard was likewise Grandfather to Raph, Son of Raph Basset, before mentioned, who held this Coleston, which from this Family received the Addition Basset, to distinguish it from another Coleston, in this Wapentac, called Car-Colston.
Raph Basset, of Draiton, held a Knight's Fee here, and was summoned, 27 H. 3. to answer the Prior of Laund, that he should hold his Covenant formerly made by his Indenture, or Cyrograph, concerning Common of Pasture in Colston, which he did accordingly. (fn. 5) Raph Basset, 12 E. 1. had Market and Fair in this Town. (fn. 6) Raph, the last Lord Basset of Draiton died May 12, 13 R. 2. (fn. 7) (fn. 8) and by the Inquisition taken the Year following, viz. 14 R. 2. Thomas Earl of Stafford, aged 24 Years, was found one of his Heirs, as Son of Hugh, Son of Raph, Son of Margaret, Sister of the said Raph, Lord Basset's Grandfather; and Alice the Wife of Sir William Chaworth, another of his Heirs, as Daughter of Catherine, Daughter of John, Son of Roger, Son of Joan, Daughter of Matildis, another Sister of the said last Lord Basset's Grandfather, which Alice was then, viz. 14 R. 2. a great Deal more than thirty Years of Age; it seems the Women married young, and Matildis was much the eldest Daughter of Raph Basset, because this Time overgoes that of Stafford two Descents in four. Joane, who had been Wife of Raph, Son of Raph Basset of Drayton, held the third Part of the Manor of Colston-Basset, and the Manor of Radcliff on Sore, for Life; (fn. 9) the Reversion belonging to Walter Skirlaw, Bishop of Durham: but the Jury, 4 H. 4. found Edmund Earl Stafford, Son of Hugh Earl Stafford, Son of Raph Earl Stafford, Son of Margaret, Sister of Raph, Father (it should be Grandfather) of the said Raph Basset, was Cousin and Heir of that last Lord.
This Manor was sold by Edward Stafford, the last Duke of Buckingham, of that Family, (fn. 10) who suffered a recovery of it, 4 H. 8. (fn. 11) before his Attainder, to . . . Kitson, whose Heir, Sir Thomas Kitson, sold the same to Mr. Golding, his Steward, whose Grandchild and Heir, Edward Golding, was by King Charles the First, at the beginning of the War created a Baronet, and was Proprietor of the whole Town, and impropriate Rectory, saving that Part which his Father (who inclosed most of the Fields) sold to Mr. Francis Hacker, whereon he built a House, which was by Francis Hacker, his eldest Son, forfeited by his Attainder, with the rest of his Lands, which the Duke of York favorably sold to Colonel Rowland Hacker, his next Brother, who hath since sold his Interest here to John Grubham Howe, of Langar, Enquire, the present Owner of that Part.
Richard, Son of Gervas de Barneston, gave to the Priory of Lenton two Bovats of Land in Coleston, with the Man who held them, (fn. 12) which his Father gave by Consent of his faithful Wife Margaret, and of this Richard, his Son and Heir, when he confirmed the Gift of Richard his Father, of two Bovats in Wiverton, with him that held them. This Grant, of Richard the Grandchild, was made at Nottingham before the King's Justices John Cumin, Alan de Furneus, Mr. Hugh de Raherst, William de Bending, (which was 25 H. 2) and before many other Witnesses, Robert de Davidwill, Serlo de Grendon, William Fitz-Ranulf, Samson de Strelley, Gervas de Wiverton, (Son of that Richard, I suppose) and very many others.
G. Ridel restored to Gervas, Son of Richard, (de Wiverton) his Inheritance, viz. Dukmanton, (in Darbishire) to him and his Heirs, to hold of the said G. and his, free and quiet, for the Service of a Knight's Fee for Duchemanton, and for the Land of Coleston, (fn. 13) which he held of the Brother of the said G. because it was recognized in the Court of the said G. that W. Brother of Gervas, Son of Richard, in his free power rendered up Duchemanton to the said G. that he might pass the Inheritance to the said Gervas; which he did; and likewise to Richard, Son of Gervas, afterwards called Sir Richard de Wyverton. Knight; (fn. 14) who, for forty-nine Marks of Silver, which Galfr. Fitz-Peter gave him, conveyed his whole Land of Dukmanton to the Abbey of Wellebek; which Gervas, his Son, confirmed, and Thomas de Mellys, Son and Heir of Adelina, Sister of the said Sir Richard de Wiverton, by releasing.
There is an Error in the Register, or Ledger-Book, of Wellebek, p. 58, which hath misled many excellent Genealogifts, (fn. 15) viz. that Galfr. Ridel, and Richard Basset, Father of Raph Basset of Welledon, were Brothers; and that Galfr. died without Heir, and his Inheritance descended to the said Richard his Brother, and so to Raph Basset: whereas it is manifest, that this Galfr. Ridel, (or Basset, for he was Son of Richard Basset, and Matildis Ridel his Wife) had two Wives, and by his first left Richard Basset, who about the 33 H. 2. was Heir of his second Wife's Dower, (fn. 16) whose Name was Sibylla, the Sister of William Manduit, and she was then fifty Years old, and had two Sons and one Daughter, (to confute the Story further) which were not Heirs of her Dower, by Reason of the said Richard Basset, her Husband, the said Galfr. Ridel's Son by his first Wife. (fn. 17)
The Line of the Bassets of Drayton, which were all Raphs, that I have met with, except their Wives, and Times of their Deaths could be certainly found, cannot be exactly described. Mr. Robert Glover, Somerset-Herald, a most industrious Person, and one of the best learned in this Kind, in his Time, sets down Raph Basset of Drayton, Husband of Margaret de Someri, slain at the Battle of Evesham, 50 H. 3. Raph, his Son, the Husband of Helewisa, died 27 E. 1. Raph his Son, the Husband of Joan the Daughter of . . . Beaucamp Earl of Warwick, and Brother of Matildis, Wife of William de Heriz, and of Margaret her eldest Sister, Wife of Edward Stafford, died 17 E. 3. Raph his Son, Husband of Alice, Daughter of Nicholas Lord Audeley, died before his Father. And his Son Raph, the last Lord Basset, of Drayton, Husband of Joan, Sister and Heir of John Duke of Brittaine, died 13 R. 2. being sixteen Years old at the Death of Joan his Grandmother, 27 E. 3. (fn. 18) which will not agree with a Confirmation made by Raph, Son of Raph, Son of Raph Lord Basset, of Draiton, to the Priory of Canwell, printed in the Monasticon, Vol. i. p. 441, dated at Draiton; (fn. 19) because at that Time there was no Raph living of Age sufficient to make it, according to Mr. Glover's Draught. And there may some Scruples arise, notwithstanding the Inquisitions after the last Lord Basset's Death, concerning six Generations, not exceeding three above twenty-three Years, as in Alice the Wife of Sir William Chaworth, one of his Heirs, whose Ancestor Matildis, with her Husband William de Heriz, certainly lived in the former Part of the Reign of H. 3. as in Wiverton will be manifest; and yet seem to be contemporary with Joan, Daughter of Thomas Earl of Warwick, their Sister-in-Law, which could not well be, if we consult Mr. Dugdales's Warwickshire: but we must not aver against a Record, but endeavor to reconcile apparent Improbabilities by the utmost Possibilities.
Queen Elizabeth, March 27, in the forty-third Year of her Reign, granted to Anthony Nevill, and his Heirs, the Rectory of Colston-Basset, and divers Lands in the Lordship, belonging to the Priory of Land. (fn. 20)
The Vicarage was eight Marks value when the Prior of Laund was Patron. (fn. 21) It is now 81. 7s. 6d. in the King's Books, and the King Patron.
The Church stands in the Fields, now all inclosed, and the Town thereby depopulated.
In it were Varry Arg. and Sab.
Basset, with a Quarter Ermine of Drayton.
Azure a Crosse Argent impales, with Paly of six Or, and Gules, a Bordure Azure, Besantè, Aylesbury and Basset of Weldon. (fn. 22)
Arg, a Crosse Sable between four little Crosses of the second.
LORDSHIP contains about 2000 acres of land, arable and pasture, inclosed: 1600 acres belong to Lord Viscount Wentworth, who is lord of the manor. His ancestors purchased it about the year 1714, of Sir Edward Golding. Other freeholders are Earl Howe, Frederic Pigou, Esq. Mr. Noble, Mr. Greenfield, &c.
The village consists of 41 dwellings. In it resides, in an elegant house, William Milnes, Esq. in the commission of the peace, and other reputable inhabitants.
In 1774 died John Bell, Esq. of this place, who was in the commission of the peace, and served the office of High-Sheriff for the county. He was descended from an ancient and respectable family. Thomas Bell, Esq. grandfather to this John Bell, Esq. married Jane Malton, grandaughter to Sir Edward Noel, Bart. and neice to Baptist Noel, Viscount Campden. He died, as he had lived, much respected.
The church has a nave, and tower steeple, with five deep-toned bells. It is neatly paved, and dedicated to St. Mary. Here is a stone to the memory of Sir Edward Golding, Bart. who died in December 1715.
The living, which is worth about 100l. a year, is in the gift of the Crown. Incumbent Rev. Mr. Wright, of Mansfield. Mr. Bleigh, vicar, died in 1721, Mr. Rose in 1764. Archiepisc. pro Syn. 4. Yearly tenths 16s. 9d. in mans. cum gleb. ibidem per ann. 13s. 8d. in oblat. in dec. paschnin dec. lin. canab. lan. agn. &c. Pri Landa, Propr.
The oldest register begins in 1591. Bap. five first years 40, bur. 30.—bap. last five years 41, bur. 10. This place, we find by the register, was visited by the plague: in the year 1604 not less than 83 people died in this place, from the beginning of July to the end of September. There is a tradition, that the inhabitants of Nottingham and Bingham would not suffer any article whatever to be brought from this place to their markets during this dreadful visitation of sickness. Also all communication and intercourse was prevented by the inhabitants of the adjacent villages, by which means the contagion was prevented from spreading, and consequently confined to the then wretched inhabitants of Coleston-Basset.