Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 2, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1790.
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Mistaken by Dr. Thomas Fuller, in his Ecclesiastical History, for that in Yorkshire, where the great battel was fought 1461. between the houses of York and Lancaster, and slain, viz. 35,091. and King Henry the sixth defeated. (fn. 1)
This was of the fee of William Peverell, and one Aldric had it before the conquest, who was rated for this manor at the public tax at three carucats. The land whereof was then three car. and an half. (fn. 2) Here Warner the man (or tenant) of William had three car. (or Plows) and four sochm. or three bov. of this land, and 10 vill. three bord. having six car. (or plows). Here was half a church, and a Priest, and two mills 8s. one hundred acres of meadow, and a small ozier bed (or holt). It continued the old value 60s. having Soc in Chilewell.
Robert, son of Warner, at the foundation of Lenton priory, by his lord William Peverel, in the time of Henry the first, gave, as others did, two parts of the tythes of his demesne here in Toueten. (fn. 3)
By an inquisition taken 13 Joh. it appears that Henry de Grey had then six knights fees of the honour of Peverell, which came to the king by Escheat in the counties of Nott. and Derb. viz. in Henour one in Normantone one, in Sirland one, in Codenour and Toueton one, in Radeclive one and in Becley one. (fn. 4) The sheriff William Briwerre, 8 R. 1. gave account of the scutage of the honour of Peverel of Nottingham, assessed the year before, being the second for the army of Normandy, and likewise of Henry de Grey Cs. of his scutoge for sive knights fees, because he was in the king's service beyond the sea. (fn. 5) His seal, within the circumscription of his name, hath upon it Barry of six (which were arg. and azure) as in Radcliff upon Trent may be observed. His wife was Isolda, whom Mr. Burton, in his description of Leicestershire, affirms to have been the daughter and heir of Hugh Bardolf. (fn. 6) (fn. 7) He was undoubtedly a great man, and I think had divers sons, John Father of Reginald de Grey, who had Shirland, and William lord of Sandiacre, mentioned in Hickling, but the eldest son and heir, both of him and Isolda his wife, (who after his decease was married to Reginald de Mendre) was Richard de Gra lord of Codenbour, in Darbyshire, who married Lucia, the daughter and heir of John de Homaz. (fn. 8)
The Jury 56 H. 3. found that John de Grey held the manor of Radclive, as belonging to this of Toueton, which he held by Barony, viz. in capite, together with Codenowre, said to be an old escheat, and many other lands in several counties; and that his son Henry de Grey was his heir and fourteen or fifteen years of age. (fn. 9)
(fn. 10) Henry de Grey, 29 E. 1. entered into a recognizance of 10,000 pounds to Robt. FitzPayn before Roger de Brabouzon, and his fellow Justices, which yet was to be void if the said Henry did not sell nor Alienate the mannors of Toueton and Estwayt in this county, but leave them to Richard de Grey his son and heir, and to the heirs of his body. (fn. 11) In 2 E. 2. Henry de Grey was dead, and his son Richard de Grey his heir was then found to be twenty six years of age. (fn. 12)
Richard de Grey of Codnoure, 3 E. 3. claimed the emendation of the assise of bread and ale broken in Toueton, as a member of Codnonre. He left Joane his widow, 9 E. 3. and his son John his heir then aged twenty eight years. (fn. 13)
The jury, 18 E. 2. found it not to the kings loss, if he granted John, the son of Richard de Grey, and Alianor his wife, to retain the mannor Hm in Kent to themselves. The castle of Codnoure, with the members, in Darbyshire, and the manor of Towton in Nottss. remaining over, &c. (fn. 14) This John Lord Grey was knight of the Garter at the first foundation, His grandchild Richard Lord Grey was also knight of that order, who was son and heir of Henry, eldest son of the said John, by Alice de Insula his wife. (fn. 15)
This Richard married Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of Raph Basset of Sapcote, knight she was born at Castle Bytham in the County of Lincolne, and Baptized in the church of St. James there, the Sunday before the feast of St. James the Apostle, 46 E. 3. and was fourteen years old 22 July, 10 R. 2. (fn. 16) He was, 26 Apr. 2 H. 4. constituted admiral from the mouth of Thames towards the northern parts of England, as Sir Thomas Rempston was, 21 Apr. towards the west. She bore him two sons John and Henry, both lords Grey, whom she out-lived.
(fn. 17) The king, 9 H. 6. Decemb. 18. committed to John duke of Bedford, the custody of the Castles. mannors, &c. which were Joanes, late wife of lord Grey of Codnor, deceased, which, after the death of the said Joane, came into the kings hands, by reason of the minority (fn. 18) of Henry de Grey, son and heir of the said Joane, with the marriage of the said heir: but he died about that time, and the forementioned Henry brother of the said John, was lord Grey, and had to wife Margaret, the daughter and co-heir of Henry Percy de Atholl, knight, whose son and heir Henry de Grey, after her death. (fn. 19) 4 E. 4. was found to be about twenty eight years old; being above nine years of age at the death of his Father, the said Henry lord Grey, (fn. 20) which was, 17 July, 22 H. 6. (fn. 21)
Henry Lord Grey, and Katherine his wife (said to be the daughter of the earl of Devonshire) suffered a recovery, 5 H. 7. (fn. 22) of the manors of Estwayt, Toueton, Barton, Radcliff, and Dunham in this County, to Thomas Leek, and Roger Johnson, who were appointed by the last will of the said Henry Lord Grey, bearing date 18 H. 7. (fn. 23) to convey them to his two sons (natural). (fn. 24) One of them (I suppose the elder) called Henry Grey of Tawton, 13 H. 8. gave three mess. &c. here in marriage with Elizabeth, his daughter and heir, to Richard, third son of Sir Henry Sacheverell of Borley, mentioned in Barton, and himself died about 23 H. 8.
This mannor, in the year 1568. 10 Eliz. was by Richard Whalley of Welbeck, Esq. settled one half on his son Thomas, who had married Elizabeth, and the other half on his son William, who had married Barbara, the two daughters and co-heirs of Henry Hatfield. (fn. 25)
In the 13 Eliz. Thomas Stanhope, and Edward Stanhope, Esq. suffered a recovery of this manor, and called to warrant the said Richard Whalley, and William his son, and Thomas his son and heir. (fn. 26)
(fn. 27) In 27 Eliz. and 42 Eliz. John Zouch of Codnor, Esquire, claimed as son and heir of Sir John Zouch, knight, son and heir of George Zouch, esquire, son and heir of John Zouch, knight, son and heir of John Zouch, esquire, son and heir of Elizabeth Grey, cousin and heir of Henry lord Grey, viz. daughter of Richard lord Grey, father of Henry lord Grey, father of Henry last lord Grey.
Richard Whalley of Screveton, then claimed as son of Thomas, son of Richard, son of Thomas Whalley, son and heir of Joane (mistaken for Elizabeth) Leek, daughter and heir of Thomas Leek (as in Screveton may be seen).
How they ended their suits I have not found, but shortly after the forementioned settlement and recovery, it was Sir Thomas Stanhopes; and Sir John Stanhope of Elvaston in the County of Darby, left it to John Stanhope, Esquire, his son and heir, who first mortgaged, and after sold it to Arthur Waren, son of Sir Arnold Waren of Thorp Arnold, descended of those mentioned in Costock, who hath inclosed the Fields, and sold some of the ancienter inclosure, lying towards the Trent side, to William Sacheverell of Barton, Esq. with the ferry.