Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 2, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1790.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Hucknall Torcard, Hochenale.
One part of Hochenale was of William Peverells Fee, in which two brothers answered to the Geld four bovats. (fn. 1) The Land of their Mannor being half a car. There three villains had then one car. This in the Confessours time was valued at 8s. but then, viz. in the latter end of the Conquerours at 2s. Some Soc lay to it in Hamsell. But the greater part was of the Fee of Raph de Buron, in which Vlchel, before the coming of the Normans, had twelve bovats for the Tax or Geld. The Land of his Mannor being for two plows, or two car. There Osmond the man or tenant of Raph had one car. and five villains had three car. and an half pasture wood one leu. long; and an half leu. broad. In the Confessours time this was 30s. in the Conquerours 15s. value.
(fn. 2) William Peverells part it seems was held by Serjeancy. William, son of Coste held in Hukenhall the wainage of one carucat, and certain essarts, and a certain mill, the whole valued at 61. 10s. by the Serjeancy of keeping a Falcon, which William then said, that he had the Kings Falcon at his house. Hugh, son of this William, (fn. 3) 2 H. 3, made Fine for having seisin of the Land of Huckenhale, and the mill of Radeford, &c. and held it after him, in his time it was valued at eight marks. This was at length dispersed into many hands. (fn. 4) William le Bretun had two bov. of the Serjeancy of Hugh Fitz-Coste in Hokenale, Radford, and Kirkeby, and paid the King 5s. per annum. Rich. Freman one bovat, and paid 2s. 6d. Elias le Bretun eight acres, and paid 18d. per ann. The Prior of Felley three acres, and paid 1s. 6d. John de Perpunt three roods, and paid 3d. and some others had such other small parcels; Hugh Fitz-Coste held the rest himself then valued at ten marks, by the service of carrying the Kings Gerfalcon at the Kings cost, having 9d. a-day when he did the service.
I suppose this or most of it came to the family of Grey of Sandiacre. Simon de Greenhill, and William his brother, 7 E. 2, (fn. 5) had interest for life in half a carucat here, the third part whereof was of Peverells Fee, and the other two parts were then held of Henry Winkburne. Richard de Grey of Sandiacre, about 3 E. 3, (fn. 6) Lord of Sutton in the Dale in Darbyshire, held diverse Lands in this Hukenhale, where was also a capital messuage, with a certain garden, and thirty acres of Land, and two of meadow, William Grey his son and heir being then left twenty-six years of age. This I take to be that which was afterwards, viz. 37 H. 6, (fn. 7) called Leekes Mannor, which some while before William Leek left to descend with his Mannor of Little Leek, and other Lands in Gedling, Carleton, Stokebardolf, Colwyke, Saxendale, and Stoke by Newark, to John Leek his son and heir. John Leeke, Knight, held the Mannor of Hucknall Torcard of the Crown by Knights service, and also by the service of carrying one Gerfalcon from Michaelmas till Lent at the Kings cost, with horses and 2s. a day, and half a cistern of wine, and two robes when he was warned to do the service. John Biron, Knight, and John Palmer of Hucknall, purchased Lands and Tenements in Hucknall of Francis Leek, Esquire, to the value of 3l. 2s. 8d. per annum, held of the Queen [Eliz.] in capite. Sir John Leekes Mannor was in my time the inheritance of Lancelot Curtis.
(fn. 8) The dispersed parcels passed through many hands. Roger Porter, son and heir of Maud Porter, 33 E. 3, (fn. 9) had a mess. and eighteen acres, &c. of this Fee, and Tho. Breton, brother and heir of John Breton, 41 E. 3, (fn. 10) acknowledged to hold the two bovats, before noted, to be William le Bretuns by petit Serjeancy. (fn. 11)
The Fee of Rad de Burun, William Briewer had in the beginning of King John's time or sooner, from whom it descended to Baldwin de Wake Lord of Brun or Burne in Lincolnshire, of which Mannor, 10 E. 1, (fn. 12) John Torcard, and William Pitie, were found to have held two Knights Fees in Lambecote and Hukenhale.
The first of the Torcards which succeeded Osmund, and by their continuance here left their name to distinguish the place, whom I have light upon was Gaufr. Torcard, who with the consent of Maud his wife, and Henry his son, for the health of his soul, and of his ancestors, (fn. 13) and successours, and for the soul of Alexander de Chiney, gave to God and the Church of the Holy Trinity at Lenton, and the Monks there serving God, one cart to be continually wandring about, to gather up his dead wood of Huckenhale: the witnesses were Raph Murdac, Raph de Cheines, Hugh his brother, Philip de Beaumes, Hugh de Lichelade, Gilbert the Chaplain of the Castle, Alan, Robert, Gregory, Clarks, Mr. Silvester, Gaufr. Torcard of Chillewelle, William de Davidvill, Henry Torcard his own son, and others.
(fn. 14) There was a Fine levied, 10 R. 1, between Gaufr. Torcaz, and Maud his wife, Petents, and William Pitie, Tenent, of two Knights Fees in Huckenhale and Lambecote, whereof they all gave the Church of Huckenhale, and five bovats of Land there, to the Church of Newstede, and the rest equally divided between Gaufr. and William; Henry the eldest son of Gaufr. had then married Alin, the daughter of William, who was then also his heir, with whom he gave the third part of his share in marriage; but if William should happen to have an heir male, Henry, and Alina his wife, were but to have half of Williams part after his death.
(fn. 15) Roesia Torkard paid four marks for two Fees in Huckenhale and Lambecote, and John Torkard the like sum afterwards, for two Fees in Huckenhale, then held of Johan the relict of Hugh Wake, who paid also 20s. for half a Fee in Hyleburne (in Darbyshire) which was also part of Buruns Fee.
(fn. 16) Henry de Winkeburne was Lord of Hucknall, 9 E. 2, Henry de Winkeburne, and Albreda his wife, did by Fine, 5 E. 3, (fn. 17) pass the Mannor of Hukenale Torkard, to Alexander de Gonaldeston and his heirs. The same Alexander, and Alice his wife, by another Fine conveyed it to Raph de Crumbewell, and Avicia his wife, during their lives; and after their deceased to Vlker, son of the said Raph and Avicia, during his life; remainder to the right heirs of Raph.
(fn. 18) Raph de Crumbwell, and Avicia his wife, made a certain Causey otherwise than had formerly been, to increase the water to serve their mills, which was it seems in the ditch, and upon the soil which belonged to the Prior of Newstede, and extended from the Church-yard to the head of the dam towards the East, for which they gave the said Prior, three roods of arable Land lying in the East field in diverse places at the Towns end towards Nottingham, but the said Raph oppressed the Priory more in causing it to pay more than it ought in the several Scutages: for in 5 E. 1, in that for the Welch expedition, it paid but for the third part of a Knights Fee, and there were Tenants who held ten bovats of Torkards Fee, and eight of Lutterells (of Gamelston) besides; but this Raph Crumbwell got an Inquisition, which found the Priory to have two parts of a Knights Fee in demesne and service of Tenants, so that the Prior was forced to intreat that he might pay but for half a Fee, which he thought too much before. Vlgar Crumwell it seems gave his interest to the Priory of Beauvale, which paid also for half a Knights Fee.
(fn. 19) Raph de Crumbewelle Lord of Tatershale in the County of Lincolne, passed his Mannor of Hukenall Torkard, which his brother Vlker had for life, to Richard de Chesterfeild, Clark, Richard de Tyssington, Clark, William de Wakebrugg, and John de la Pole of Asseburne, to whom he levied a Fine of it, Trin. 43 E. 3. They passed it to Hugh de Annesley of Rodyngton, as did also Maud de Crumbewell Lady of Tatersball, the better to convey it to the Priory of Beauvale, with some other small things, to which it was confirmed by the feoffees of Raph Lord Crumbewell after his death, viz. William Bishop of Winchester, William Grey Bishop of Ely, John Earl of Shrowsbury, John Lord Stourton, Knight, John Fortescue, Knight, Chief Justice, Walter Moyle, one of the Justices of the Common Bench, John Radcliffe, Esquire, Thomas Teryll, Knight, Mr. William Say, Clark, Thomas Bylling, John Say, Esquire, William Venour, Thomas Young, John Taylboys, senior, Esquire, Robert Scheffeild, Richard Illingworth, Richard Waterton, Esquire, John Langholme, Edward Blake, Thomas Palmer, William Stanlowe, John Vincent, and Richard Flynt, the rest were dead, viz. Reginald Bishop of Coventry and Lichseild, Thomas Clifford Lord Clifford, Robert Beaumont, Clark, John Saucheverell, Esquire, and John Stathum.
(fn. 20) Beauvale, 7 H. 6, paid for one half of a Knights Fee, and Newstede for another. After the dissolution they partly followed the fortune of those places with which they still continue.
The Rectory with the Patronage of the Vicarage, 25 Jan. 24 Eliz. (fn. 21) was granted to Edward Downinge, and Peter Ashton. The same Queen, 27 Jun. 42 Eliz. (fn. 22) granted to Michael Stanhope, Esquire, one of the Grooms of the Privy Chamber, and to Edward Stanhope, Doctor in the Laws, the Mannor of Hucknall Torkard which did belong to Newstede (to which at the foundation (fn. 23) King Henry the second, gave the Church of Hokenhale, which King John confirmed, 6 Joh.) at the yearly value of 13l. 9s. rod.— But now the principal part of this Township is the inheritance of the Lord Byron, as it was in the time of King William the Conquerour.
(fn. 24) There are now reckoned four or five Mannors of which the Hon. William Byron hath two, the Earl of Essex Lord of Beauvale hath one, Lancelot Rolleston, Esquire, one, and—Curtis one, &c.
The Vicarage of Hucnall was 8l. when the Prior of Newstede was Patron. 'Tis now in the Kings Books 4l. 18s. 1d. 0b. and William Byron, Esquire, Patron.
In Hucknall Torkard Chancel upper South Window:—Barry of six Arg. and Azure, a sile of five Labels Or, Grey of Sandiacre. Agr. a file of five poynts Or, I suppose the same the Azure only worn off. Paly of six Arg. and Azure a Bend Varry Or, and Gules. Painted on the wall Byron, with quarterings impaling Molyneux.
In a South Window of the Church these five:—1. Barry of six Arg. and Azure, of Codnour. 2. Or three Piles meeting in the base, Gules, a Canton Ermine, Basset of Drayton. 3. Arg. on a Pile, Gules, a Falcon of the first crowned Or, impaling Paly of six Arg. and Azure a Bend Gules, Annesley. 4. Or on two Bars Gules, three Waterbudgets Arg. Willoughby of Wollaton. 5. Sable, a Lion Rampant amongst Cinquefoiles Arg. Clifton.
And in another South Window:—1. Arg. a chief Gules, and Bendlets Azure, Crumwell. 2. Arg. a Chevron Gules, a file of three points Ermine. 3. Sab. a Bend between six Scallops Arg. a Canton Or. 4. Paly of six Arg. and Azure, a Bend Gules charged on the upper part with a Mullet of the first.
In the North Ile East Window:—Or a Lion Rampant purpure
In a North Window:—Arg. two Barrs Sab. a Martlet Gules in the dexter point.— Paly of six Arg. and Azure a Bend Gules, Annesley, and above also. Gules, a Fesse Vairy between three Libards heads jesant, three Flowers de Lis uppermost, Or.
[Throsby] Hucknal Tochard.
This lordship contains upwards of 300 acres, chiefly old, enclosed land. The principal owners are the Duke of Portland, Lancelot Robinson, Esq. John Newton, Esq. and others.
The village contains about 200 dwellings, chiefly in a long street, at the top of which stands the Church, with a tower with three bells, a nave and side aisles. This is a neat and clean church.
In the chancel is a mural monument, to the memory of Richard Lord Byron, who with seven brothers, faithfully served King Charles in the civil wars, and lost all their then fortune. He died October 1, 1679, in the 74 year of his age.
On a neat marble stone in the church, John Curtis, Gent. (as appeared by ancient writings) whose family resided here upwards of five hundred years, died in July 1777, and was the last survivor of the family.
Patron Lord Byron Incumbent R. C. Nixon, C. K. B. 4l. 18s. 1d. halfpenny.— Archiepise. pro Syn. 2s. Val. in mans. cum 6 acre eid. pertin. per ann. 11s. 8d. in decim. lac. vit. molend. lan. agn. pul equar. &c.