Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.
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Some part in Grave, as before is noted in Hedune, was ancient demesne of the Soc of Dunham; but the principal part was of the fee of Roger de Busli, viz. that which be fore his coming, was the freehold of Alwin and Osmund, and paid for four bovats and an half to the common taxation of those times. (fn. 1) The land then being known to be three car. There afterwards Robert the man of Roger had one car. and an half, and ix vill. three bord. one sochm. having two car. and an half. There was a priest and a church, and eight acres of meadow, pasture wood one leu. long, and half so much broad: It kept the value of 40s. having Soc in Ordesale and Ranby.
The next successour of Robert, which I have yet found, was Gerbert de Archis, who, 22 H. 2. (fn. 2) gave account of ten marks of the forest amercements, whose son Gilbert de Arches, 28 H. 2. (fn. 3) gave account of fifty marks for the fine of his fathers land; he had a son called also Gilbert de Arches, as in Weston may be observed.
Malvesin (de Herci) and Theophania his wife, and William Ruffus, and Isabella his wife, 11 Joh. (fn. 4) gave account of fifty marks, and two palfreys, for having two knights fees, with the appurtenances, which were Gilbert de Arches, father of the said wives, who were his heirs. Malvesin de Hersey, 5 H. 3. (fn. 5) was constable of Tykhill. He, in 17 H. 3. (fn. 6) had a release for two knights fees which he ought to the castle of Tykehull.
(fn. 7) Gilbert de Arches (who gave his whole land of Oledethorp to God and the church of St. James at Wellebek, and the canons of that place) was lord of Grove near Retford, and had the barony of Grove intire: he begat two daughters. Theophania and Isabella, and so was the barony divided between the said two daughters. There came one who had the sirname of Hercy and married Theophania, the first begotten of whom was then (viz. about the latter end of Edward the second) sir Hugh de Hercy. A certain knight called William Rufus married the second daughter Isabella, and begot of her a certain daughter Eyncina by name, who was married to one of the sirname of Mortayn, who begot on her two sons William and Robert de Morteyn. The said Eyncina after the death of her husband, gave to Robert, her son, the manor of Grove, because William his brother was heir, and Robert had not whereof he might live. Of William the elder the inheritance descended to sir Roger de Morteyn, who then was as son and heir; from Robert the second son, the inheritance of Grove descended to Stacy de Morteyn, who then was as son and heir.
(fn. 8) The jury, 27 E. 1. found that Robert de Morteyn held in Grove, &c. doing homage and fealty to Hugh de Hercy, and paying to Tykhill 10s. yearly for ward fee, &c. and left Eustachius de Morteyn his son and heir above thirty years old.
(fn. 9) Grave and Hedon made an intire villa, 9 E. 2. and Hugh de Hercy, Eustachius de Morteyn, and Laurence de Cheworthe were then lords.
(fn. 10) Hugh de Hercy the younger, 16 E. 2. had pardon for acquiring the mauor of Grove held in capite of the king of the honour of Tykhull.
(fn. 11) The king, 10 E. 2 wrote from Woodstok, 27 of June, to Robert de Perpount, John Deincourt, and Hugh de Hercy, for two thousand footmen, of which two hundred miners to be chosen out of Nott. and Darbyshires, and to be led to Newcastle upon Tyne by the said Robert and Hugh.
(fn. 12) Eustachius de Morteyn by a fine levied at York, 2 E. 3. passed the manor of Grove to Mr. Henry de Clyf, who by another, 5 E. 3. (fn. 13) settled it on Hugh de Her cy, and Alice his wife, and the heirs of Hugh. Hugh de Hercy, knight, 3 E. 3. (fn. 14) claimed to have in his manor of Grove, park, infangenthef, gallows, and free-warren, in his demesne lands of Grove, Ordeshale, and Weston, as son of Hugh, son of Hugh, brother of Robert de Hercy, as in Weston is noted. By a fine, 15 E. 3. (fn. 15) between Thomas de Everingham, parson of Berkin, and Richard de Ampcotes, parson of Scalleby, plaintiffs, and Hugh de Hercy, deforc. the manor of Grove, and one carucat in Ravensfeild, and the advowsons of the churches of West Retford, Ordesale, and Grove, were settled, viz. two parts on the said Hugh for life; remainder to John his son, and the heirs which his said son should beget on Joane his wife; remainder to the right heirs of Hugh. The third part with the advowson of West Retford on the said John de Hercy his son, and Joane his wife, and the heirs of their bodies; remainder to the right heirs of the said Hugh. John Hercy, knight, son and heir of Hugh Hercy, knight, 33 E. 3. sold the marriage of Robert his first begotten son, and if he failed, of Thomas his second son, to Richard Stanhop, burgess of Newcastle upon Tyne. (fn. 16)
(fn. 17) By a fine, 40 E. 3. between Hugh de Hercy chr. and Alice his wife, and Robert de Musters, parson of the church of Kyrtelington, quer. and Richard, parson of the mediety of the church of Tyreswell, and John, parson of the other moyety of the church, deforc. the manors of Grove and Weston in the Clay, with the appurtenances, and the advowsons of the churches of the said manor of Grove, Ordesale, and West Retford, were settled on the said Hugh, Alice, and Robert, for life; remainder to Thomas, son of John de Hercy, knight, and to Elizabeth his wife, and the heirs males of their bodies, &c. remainder to the right heirs of Hugh.
(fn. 18) Who succeeded this Thomas I have not certainly found, but not very long after his time, William Hercy (perhaps his son or nephew) who married—the relict of William de Saundeby, sold some of his inheritance, and left a son called sir Thomas Hercy, who married Katherine, the daughter of sir Thomas Comberford, afterwards wife of John Constable, and mother of Marmaduk Constable; this sir Thomas had sir Hugh Hercy, who had to wife Elizabeth, one of the daughters and coheirs of Simon Leek of Cotham, esq; by whom he had Hugh Hercy, esq; husband of Margery, daughter of sir Richard Bingham the judge, and father of Humfr. Hercy, esq; who begot on his wife Joane the daughter of John Stanhope, Humsr. Hercy, esquire, who married Elizabeth, daughter of sir John Digby of Ketelby, and by her had sir John Hercy, the husband of Elizabeth, daughter and heir of sir John Stanley (or sir James) but having no issue, this sir John Hercy disposed his great patrimony amongst his eight sisters; to Barbara the wife of George Nevill, he gave this manor of Grove; (though she was the fifth daughter of his father); Katherine his eldest sister, was wife of John Meringe; Anne the second, of Nicolas Denman; Alice the third, of Henry Hatfeild, and afterwards of Robert Markham, serjeant at arms; Jane the fourth, of Edmund Bussy of Hather in Lincolneshire; Ursula the sixth, of John Littlebury of Higmore in the same county; Ellen the seventh, of Francis Macworth of Empingham in Rutland; and Mary the eighth, of sir Francis Hotham of Scorburgh in Yorkshire. (fn. 19)
George Nevill was son of Robert, named in Ragnell, and by the said Barbara Hercy had John Nevill his son and heir, husband of Gertrud, one of the daughters of Richard Whalley of (Welbeck, or) Screveton, esquire, who brought him Hercy Nevill, who by Brigitt, the daughter of Henry Savile of Lupsit in Yorkshire his wife, was father of Gilbert Nevill, whose wife was Margaret, the daughter of sir Thomas Bland of Kipan Park in Yorkshire, by whom he had Edward and Anthony (a Major for the king in the late rebellion) and several daughters; he afterwards married— the widow of sir Marmaduc Dorrell, who before that bad been wife of— Clapham, and was after some years married to Colonel—Sandys. Edward Nevill was husband of Mary, the daughter of —Scott of Camberwell in Surrey, and by her left issue sir Edward Nevill now of Grove, knight, who married—the sister of sir Robert Holt of Warwickshire, the relict of—Kidderminster, who had him in tuition after his father's death. Anne Nevill, eldest sister of sir Edward. is wife of John Millington, bairester at law:—the younger is—
(fn. 20) The rectory of Grove was 10l. when Mr. Hersey was patron: 'Tis now 11l. 14s. 2d. value in the kings books, and Edward Nevile, esquire, (now knight) patron.
The whole lordship contains about 1500 acres of land, all old enclosure, excepting 100 acres. Two hundred acres of this estate is of wood, oak and ash chiefly; the latter is grown for hop poles: the whole is the property of A. H. Eyre, esq. This estate descended to the Nevilles by marriage with a coheiress of the Hercys, and was bought of them by Judge Levinz, whose descendant sold it to the late Anthony Eyre, esq; of Adwich in Yorkshire, and Rampton in this county.
Grove, March 16, 1794, consisted only of 20 houses, in which were 60 males and 54 females. The register preserved is no older than 1726, since which time there has been but little difference in the magnitude of this place.
The church is small, dedicated to St. Helen; it consist only of a nave and chancel, with a low tower, 2 bells; but the parsonage house is seated pleasantly, and has been greatly improved by the liberal taste of the present possessor.
On the chancel floor of this church is an old monumental stone, represented facing this page; it is an alabaster slab 6 ½ feet long, 3ft. 3in. broad; the whole much desaced. The male arms have no mark remaining but a chief. The female, the Saltier is black much defaced, with dots of alabaster. The inscription: Hic jacent Hugo hercy armigr. qui obiit xi die decembris anno domini mcccclv et Elizabeth uxor ejus quœ obiit Anno Domi. m.cccc.l.—animæ propitietur Deus. Probably Hugo Hercy (miles) mentioned by Thoroton, who married Elizabeth, fil. & cohær. Simonis Leeke. The female are those of the Leeks.
Patron, Anthony Hardolph Eyre, esq. Incumbent, his brother Rev: Charles Eyre. K: B: 11l: 14s: 2d: Yearly tenths, 1l: 3s: 5d: Archiepisc: pro: Syn: 3s: Archidiac: pro: prox: 6s: 8d: Val: in mans: ter: gleb: dec: &c: Will: Wogan and Samuel Buck, esq; presented in 1689. William Levinz, esq; 1737, 1749.
The seat of Anthony Hardolph Eyre, esq; Colonel of the Loyal Reg. of Nottinghamshire Gentlemen and Yeomanry Cavalry, is seated in a park of considerable antiquity; but it has been long destitute of what principally constitutes a park, deer.— Its lofty situation commands very extensive views to the north west, up to the hills of Kinderskout in Derbyshire. Towards the east, Lincoln Minster is an object distinguishable.
The front part of the present building was erected under the direction of Mr. Carr of York; part of what was pulled down was ancient, having the rose and crown over the entrance, probably built by the Hercy's, who being near relations to the Stanhops of Rampton, were likely to be partizans of the Tudors.