Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.
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OSWARDEBEC SOK, OSWALDBEC.
It appears in the book of Doomsday that Oswardebec, before the Conquest, was a Wapentac, containing all the towns between the rivers of Idel and Trent, beginning with Rameton and Treswell, and so to Retford, which is now called the North Clay Division of Bassetlaw, with the addition of those first named towns, most of which Wapentac of Oswardbec was either of the fee of Roger de Buslie, or soc to the kings great manor of Maunsfeld, except some parcels belonging to the arch-bishop of York, as in the particular townships immediately foregoing which make it up, may be observed, and as in South Leverton is already said.
(fn. 1) King John confirmed to Roger de Montebegonis, the whole land of Oswaldbec, with the appurtenances, which he gave him when he was earl Moreton for the service of a knights fee. Roger de Munbegun, 1 Joh. gave the king half a mark of silver for having Oliva, who had been wife of Robert de St. John, with her whole land and her inheritance; she was lady of Tuxford, and cost him more, as in that place may be seen. The king, 10 H. 3, (fn. 2) assigned to Oliva, who had been wife of Roger de Montebegonis, the manor of Oswardebec in the name of Dower, as the said Roger held it July 20, it was then worth 40l. and 19s. per annum. (fn. 3) Galfr. Gyny had then also seisin of land of the gift of the said Roger in that Soc. (fn. 4) Roger de Monte Bogonis had Oswaldbeck, Barthon, Brademere, and Bulewell in this county, Bughdon, Haverbergh, Stratton, with the Soc, and Medeburne in Leicestershire. Henry Monegoden was heir of Roger de Montebegonis, and 13 H. 3, (fn. 5) Oswardebek was granted to the king.
(fn. 6) The king, 22 H. 3, granted to Henry de Hastings, and Ada his wife, and to Ada in fee, for her reasonable part happening to her of the inheritence which was Johns, late earl of Chester her brothers, of the county (or earldom) of Chester, the manor of Bromesgrave in the county of Worcester, the manor of Bolsover, with the castle in the county of Darby, the manor of Maunsfeld, with the Soc, and the manor of Oswardebec in this county, the manors of Worfeild, Stratton, and Cuverdoure in the county of Salop, the manors of Wiggington and Wolverhampton in the county of Stafford. (fn. 7) Henry de Hastings held the whole town of Oswardbeck, with the Soc, viz. Oswaldbeck (now scarcely known) Leyton, Stretton, Littilburg, Weteleg, Sudbeck, Wiston, and Wellam, in exchange of the king for lands which he had in the county (or earldom) of Chester, and he had of it yearly 38l. and 19s. It descended with this noble family of Hastinges, as in Maunsfeld and South Leverton may be partly observed.
(fn. 8) The jury, 15 E. 3, found no damage if the king granted Hugh de Hastings licence to acquire to himself of Laurence de Hastings earl of Pembrok, the Sok and demesne of Oswaldebeck, with the appurtenances. (fn. 9) The jury, 13 R. 2, found that John de Hastinges, late earl of Pembroke, by his deed before his death, enfeoffed Walter Amyas, &c. in his Sok called Oswaldebekesoken. (fn. 10) And 21 R. 2, that Richard earl — held the Sok of the dowry of his Wife. Philippa, wife of John de Hastings, earl of Pembrok (son of John) 2 H. 4, (fn. 11) died seized of it, Edmund late earl of March was her cousin and heir.
(fn. 12) The jury, 12 H. 4, said that William de Bellocamp lord Aburgavenny, when he died held joyntly with Joane his wife, the Sok called Oswaldbeksoken; and that Richard de Bellocampo was his son and heir. Joane, who had been wife of William de Bellocampo, knight, lord Bergavenny held this Sok, when she died about 14 H. 6, (fn. 13) leaving Elizabeth, daughter of Richard de Bellocamp, earl of Wor cester her son, her heir, which Elizabeth was married to Edward Nevill, (fn. 14) knight, a younger son of the earl of Westmerland, by whom she had George Nevill lord Bergavenny, which Edward and Elizabeth held this Sok, (fn. 15) 17 H. 6.
(fn. 16) George Nevyle lord Bergavenny, 18 H. 7, suffered a recovery of the manor of Oswardebek Soke, with the appurtenances, and eight mess. three hundred acres of land, one hundred of meadow, one hundred of pasture, and 20l. rent, with the appurtenances in South Bek, Wheteley, Stretton, South Leverton, Fenton, Cotom, Clareburgh, Wellum, Moregate, Grenley, Wyston, Wodhouse, and Lyttilborough, to sir Reginald Bray, sir Edward Poinings, sir Thomas Fenys, sir John Pecche, knights, John Mordant, James Hobart, &c.
(fn. 17) In the year 1612, John Thorneaughe, knight, was bayliff of the kings liberty of Oswaldbek Sok.
Now a hamlet. We find before the conquest it was of that importance as to give name to a wapentac.