Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: Volume 3, Republished With Large Additions By John Throsby. Originally published by J Throsby, Nottingham, 1796.
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Had three bov. of the Soc of Maunsfeld, and in Clumber were two manors of Roger de Buslies fee, which before the conquest Adeluvol and Vlchil had, and paid as for five bov. to the geld (fn. 1) The land being two car. Part of it, viz. two bov. was waste which Fulc held. In the other Vlchel had under Roger one car. and one mill of 12d. pasture wood two qu. long, one qu. broad. In the confessours time this was 20s. when Doomsday book was made 4s.
(fn. 2) The woods of Clumbre were of the sokage of Maunsfeld and Wodehouse, and the bound begun at Suthones, and extended itself by the way which was called Kirkegate, and led to Wirksop, unto the cross, which divided the fee of the king, and the fee of the lord of Wirkesop, and the fee of Tikehull. And towards the east is the kings wood, which wood Thomas de Hayton, Elias, son of Hubert, of the same, and Peter de Clumbre held of the king and of the sokage of Maunesfeld.
(fn. 3) Adam de Hayton, and William, son of Hubert, held two parts of one car. in Luntle, Clumber, Retford, and Misterton, of the honour of Tikehull, for a horse and sac to the constable, when he should go into Wales, and paid no scutage. About the time of H. 6, Robert Hekeling held the third part of a knights fee in Lunde and Clumber.
(fn. 4) King H: 8, 23 Mar. 36 H: 8, granted to Roger, and Robert Taverner, and their heirs, a mess. and lands in Clumbre, late belonging to Newstede at 11s. per annum.
(fn. 5) The same king 22 Novemb. 38 H: 8, granted to John Bellowe, and Robert Bigot, the rectory of Carcolston, and advowson of the vicarage, and a mess. in Clumber, with the appurtenances; and the tythe corn and hay in the fields of Stretton, then in the tenure of Richard Whalley, esquire, late belonging to the priory of Worksop, as in Carcolston is also noted.
(fn. 6) The owners of Works. 1612, are thus set down, Gilbert earl of Shrowsbury, sir Bryan Lassels, knight, of Gateford, Thomas Bowles of Osbarton, esquire, George Eyre, gent. Bryan Taylor, gent. Edward Needham, George Hodgekyne, George Lowe, John Snowden, Rob. Mandevill, chr. Champne senior, Thomas Longley, John Hatfeild, Richard Hatfeild, Robert Lowe, John Dunston, William Jervas, William Goodridge, William Horsfold, and John Rayne.
(fn. 7) The vicarage of Wirksop was twenty marks when the prior was patron: 'Tis now in the kings books 12l. 4s. 2d. value, and the last patron sir Francis Rodes.
[Throsby] Clumber Park.
The duke of Newcastle's dwelling in this place is truly magnificent, although the building is neither lofty nor very extensive. From the new bridge, which spans the apparent endless stream which waters Clumber, there appears an harmonious whole of granduer: the proud chested swans which sail gently in numbers to and fro in the space between the bridge and the house, happily corresponding in complexion with every thing of art in view, blended with the various natural tints of foliage which surround you (if I may be allowed the expression) paradises the mind.
When I first visited Clumber, I entered the park from Worksop through an entrance more than two miles from the house, cresent formed, and rich in effect, topped with the arms of the family. Within the park the country opens upon you with splendour, rich in effect and delightful to the eye. The sir and wood scenery around, in May, were warmed with patches of broom and gorse, then in golden hue, left, it may be presumed, for ornament. (fn. 8) The hills or rather rising grounds, are beautifully cloathed with woody scenery, the lawns are as smooth: on the surface, as a calm water scene; but the solemn silence around and the sable escutcheon, emblem of lately departed dignity, which came in view as we approached the dwelling, checked the roving mind in the contemplation of this rich and lovely abode. (fn. 9) Here and in our travel within Clumber park, for two hours, we saw not a human form; but there was enough to admire; for the walks are every where adorned with rich plantations seated in the happiest succession. At an age when men in general are not enamoured with a looking back on their youthful years, I could not help indulging an innocent thought, that these were the sweetest love walks I had ever seen: here youth, beauty and innocence might solace in a reciprocal exchange of vows and sentiments, in uninterrupted retirement; silent as the grave, except from the melody of the little warbling foresters, and the bleating, at intervals, of the playful lambkins.
Clumber is a modern building, built about 25 years ago, and stands, we are told, on the site of an old rabbit warren. This residence is splendidly fitted up and richly furnished. (fn. 10)
I cannot help remarking here, that in this park, the stranger is accommodated at every cross-road with an excellent direction-post; in Thoresby park such posts appear, but for some reason they have lately had boards nailed over the inscriptions, they therefore are as intelligent as a dumb man; in Welbec park you may get into a road, which a man might expect would lead him out of the park, but at the end of which one of these unfriendly gentlemen presents you with his broad-face and angerly says, No road this way: in that park I have been thrice, and twice I have been obliged to go round about the nighest way home. I mean this as no sort of censure upon the conduct of the owners of the two last mentioned domains; but as a stranger, feeling disappointment from a cause he is in no wife competent to judge of, he must observe; Such things are.