A Collection of the State Papers of John Thurloe, Volume 6, January 1657 - March 1658. Originally published by Fletcher Gyles, London, 1742.
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June (4 of 4)
Capt. D. Cookin to secretary Thurloe.
The disposeing hand of God hath so ordered that affayre of transplanting New-England people unto Jamaica, that a further account is scarsly worth his highness's knowledge; yet duty obliedgeing me, I dare not omitt it. So it is, that since the returne of those, that went to view the island from hence, and the inteligence by the last of them, of the mortalitie amongst the Nevis planters, such a dampe is put to the most active ingagers, that all are silent to a remove at present. I am apt to thinke, that divers of them will find cause to repent of this their chainge, and breach of promise, seeing there is no just cause of discouradgement as I can perceive. As for that of Nevis men, that place (as I heare) was ominous to the Spanyard for unhealthfulness; and all men, even those that went, report the delicasy and fertility of the island, which, by God's blessing, would have been a meanes to put a chainge unto some of their low conditions; besides the opportunity might have bene put into their hands to enlardge the profession of the ghospell, where Sathane and Antichrist hath so long had his throne: but the mind and hart of man is so blind and unstable, that he is most ready to miss his own mercy, and neglegt his duty.
I doe further account my selfe obleidged, to acquaint your honor with intelligence latly had by the captaine of a French man of warre, named monsr. Bleau, who arived at the Dutch plantation adjacent to us with a rich Spanish prize. This captaine profeseth great respects to the noble English nation, and gives reason for it from the severall curtisies he received in the West-Indies, both from admiral Goodson and others. In a shipp he tooke, that was bound from Cuba to Spaine, he intercepted letters, that speake the purposes of the Spanyards upon Cuba, to attempt the retaking of Jamaica; which they are animated unto by intelligence gather'd from an Englishman in their power, whom hee called an engineeare, who belonged to Jamaica. This advise the Frenchman gives to the governor of this place, in a letter sent on purpose, which I had the sight of, and intends to bee here shortly himselfe, and then to give more particular information from the letters themselves, which wil be coppied out, and sent for England to his highness. I have advised colonell Brayne of this by a lettre wrote yesterday, that passeth in a fly-boat of the states, now ready to saile hence, laden with masts and deales, under the command of on Fiermase.
And now, right honorable, since my service for his highness in this place seemes fully ended at present, I hope it may be no offense, if I returne for England by the next shipps, respecting some perticular ocasions of my owne left undone at my coming away; and also to tender my selfe ready (if called thereunto) with my poor mite to serve his renowned highness in the Lord, unto whome my hart stands firmely bent and devoted, as to him, whome the God of heaven hath eminently designed to doe great things for the honor of his great name, inlardgment of the kingdome of his Christ, and good of his poore church; which the good Lord strengthen him and his helpers unto every day more and more; and when their work is finished, receive him and them into the third heaven, to triumph in glory through eternitie. So he humbly and earnestly desires to pray, who is
To the Venetian agent.
The French do still continue the siege of Montmedy. It being so far off, it will hardly be relieved by the Spanish army, whose motions are attended by monsr. de Turenne, whilst that la Ferté is endeavouring to make himself master of the said place.
The agreement between France and Holland is confirmed; yet it is doubted by many, whether it will hold long, by reason that France hath yielded to some things, which the dignity of the French king could not allow of heretofore.
A letter of intelligence from col. Bamfylde.
The duke of York commands his brother's forces, which they say are aboute 6000 men, in six regiments; his owne commanded by collonell Muskery; the duke of Gloster's commanded by the lord Tasse; the marquiss of Ormond's, the earle of Bristoll's, lord Willmot's, and lieutenant-generall Middleton's, whoe is absent, and his regiment commanded by the lord Newburgh. The duke of Yorke has a company of 50 horse raysed by the Spaniard, in very good equipage, for his guarde: they allowe him 200 l. per mensem during the campaigne for his table. His brother, upon their finall reconciliation, has made him captayne-generall under himselfe of all his pretended dominions; for England, the earle of Bristoll, for Scotland, lieutenant-generall Middleton, for Ireland, the marquiss of Ormonde, are his lieutenant-generalls. It is believed, that generall Marsine, (whoe still keepes his other charges in the Spanish army) will retyre to them; and that Bristoll, Middleton, and Willmote will command in the quality of lieutenantgeneralls by turnes, as the manner is in the French armye. Sir John Barckley, upon a submissive letter written to the king, acknowledging himselfe to have been in an errour, and promising to serve him hereafter according to his sense, tho' contrary to his owne reason, and haveing likewise recanted a narration, that he had written of the transactions betwixt the late king and the army, wherein were some undecent reflections, is restored to his attendance on the duke of Yorke, and has undertaken to finde convenient instruments to disperse amongst the English troopes in the French service some private propositions from his matters, to bring them over to theyr service. He has likewise undertaken to drawe up a declaration to the army in England, endeavouring to make it appear to them, that the restauration of the king is more the interest of the three nations and of the army, then the continuance of the present government; which he alsoe undertakes to get printed and dispersed. There are already soe much discovered of the letter intercepted from secretary Nicolas to Bennet, as signifies, that the king and duke of Yorke were perfectly reconciled, partly by the mediation of the Spanish councell at Bruxells, but principally by letters out of England, from Gondimore and his frends, (whoe that is, I cannot imagine) written to both, and sent expressly by Barone; which likewise intimate, that all theyr frends of all interests desire passionately a good agreement betwixt the two brothers, and that the duke of Yorke might command his brother's forces, his reputation being very high amongest his subjects. The letter alsoe intimates, that the duke has engaged himselfe to his brother, not to communicate with either his mother or the lord Jermine touching any publique business. It likewise sayes, that the king has founde a very good expedient to treat with the Presbiterian party, haveing assured Titus privately, that he shall be agayne of his bed-chamber, whoe has met severall tymes with sir Edward Hide, and undertaken that correspondence; and for the better management thereof, he comes not publiquely to the court. It sayes much of the protector, parliament, and armye, and very often mentions the afore-named Gondimore; but the sense of all that is yet undiscovered. The date of the letter is the 28/18th of May. I am tolde for certayne, the duke of Buckingham is in England; which I doe very much believe; and that (if he be there) 'tis about some desperate designe, either for some rising in the citty, or some attempt upon the protector's person. The reasons, which induce me to believe hee is there, are first, that hee has been five months absent from hence, and could not have layne for a quarter of that tyme for the disease is pretended; besides none of his servants are seen. Next I am told positively he is there, and that his designe, whatever it is, is knowne by one M. Denham, whoe is here. I am tolde, that one Shelden, a servant of his, parted hence poste on sunday laste, with two or three French and Dutch men; that they designed to land at Rye. He swore once to mee, that since he could not obleidge my lord protector, he would venture hard to destroy him. I tolde him, it would be a great adventure indeed; that all had miscarried, whoe had hitherto attempted it. He replyed, 'twas because they had undertaken it foolishly. Shelden is to be sought for and examined, sir Frederick Cornwallis and his ladye to be examined, and the countess of Newport; one major Arscot, and collonell Rogers, who has heretofore layne about the plowe stables in Lincoln's-innfields, and sometymes about Doctors Commons. It should be inquired, whether there is not one Palden at Callaice; or whether he and three or four English gentlemen more, that used to reside there, and pass to and froe into England, are not gone lately thither. I may be mistaken in this accounte concerning the duke; but upon information, diligent search, and very good reason, I believe I am not.
Col. Bamfield to secretary Thurloe.
Haveing been desired by young mr. Scot to see his wife upon some concernments of his, when I went laste to Englande, amongest other discource, she tolde me, howe much I was rayled at by all the royal party. I answered, I would deserve it as much as I coulde. She replyed, that I was not then in a capacity to serve any of my frends, that might bee in distress upon the king's recovery. I tolde her there was so little appearance thereof, that none needed be very solicitous in the case. She said, she had heard his courage and other vertues much magnified; to which I said as I thought convenient, and asked her, where or by whome? She told mee, she would tell me the place (which was Whitehall) but not the persons. I replyed, that some body had done it to abuse her; to which she answered, noe, I will assure you, he has some frends in my lord protector's family, that wish him very well. I woulde have discoursed this to his highness at my being in England, amongest other things, which I helde of more dangerous consequence, which the knowledg of this would have given him light into; but that when I had the honour to wayte on him, he had not tyme to hear mee, and I could not obtayne a second admittance; and the reasons I desired to have communicated this (and the rest I desired to have sayd) to his highness only, was from the consideration, that he had the moste convenient way of discovering it himselfe; which he may yet doe, if he pleases, by sending for mrs. Scot, (whoe, I thinke, has yet some applications, or lately had, to his highness, concerning her estate) and enquiring of her, whoe of his family she is acquainted with, and what discource she has at any tyme had with any of them touching the king; and to conjure her, to deale cleerly in it, since he sufficiently knowes much that is paste, and has other means to discover more; but that he has soe good an oppinion of her, that he believes he may have it more freely from her then from any else: by which means I am confident she has so much gratitude for the benefits his highness has conferred upon her, and so great affections for his service, as that this may be knowne without my being suspected as the author: which is all the recompence that I moste humbly and earnestly beg for those constant affections, with which I shall ever pursue his highness's service and preservation. When this is discovered with that secrecie, that his highness in his prudence will thinke convenient, I shall finde means to bring other things to light, that are dependent thereupon.
Lord Brodie to general Monck.
My noble lord,
I Doe with all thankfulness acknowledge his highnes favour, that he vouchesafes to have anie remembrance of a person so obscure, unknown, and useless. As to the particular which your lordship mentions, I am (besid other impediments) so visited by the hand of God, and sinc my returne from Dalkeith, wher I had the honour to kiss your lordship's hands, in the month of March laste, I have been exercised with sicknes, soe that few expected my recoverie, whiche continueing and tying me to this bedde of infirmitie, I am disabled from discharging not onlie anie publick imployment, bot the least privat or domestick business. This alone will (when presented to his highnes) be too too reall ane exoneration att his hands. I would enlarge the profession of myne humble thankfulnes, both to his highnes, and your lordship; bot infirmitie prevents, and disables me, being necessitated to make use of another's diction and penn to this short returne. So presenting your lordship with the desire of all the happines, which the wishes of ane poor sick man can convey unto you, I doe remaine
Consul Van den Hove to the states-general.
H. and M. lords,
My lords, with the last letters from Cadiz, all the English ships were gone from off the coast; general Blake being gone to sea some days before, with some of the ships. The ship the Flying Fame, skipper Matthews Hooch of Amsterdam, coming from the Canaries to Cadiz with passengers, was pursued by four English frigats, and near to Suelva forced on shore, but at flood was gotten off by them, and carried away; only 12 Spaniards of 460, which were in her, escaping by leaping over-board, and so swimming on shore.
They write from Cadiz, that they have advice there, that the English have received order, to seize upon all ships, which have fruits and effects of the same; which if true, not one ship of the United Netherlands will go unmolested. I trust your H. and M. L. in your great wisdoms will provide against it, before it shall break out further, that so they may not wage war against our country, as formerly, with its own means. They are now resolved here to set forth a fleet, for which moneys are raising; and order is given to the duke of Medina Celi about it. The army is still upon the frontiers of Portugal, taking several places and forts.
The post-master of Calais to the office.
This is only to let you know the hazard we have run yesterday of being taken by the ennemy, who came up to our bulwarks; but through the vigilance of the citizens they were repulsed, and we killed 100 or 120 men of them. They plundered and burnt several villages, and are gone to Havre, which they have besieged. I believe, that will cause the loss of the whole country, in regard our army is advancing that way; which doth much afflict us.
Mr. John Aldworth, consul at Marseilles, to secretary Thurloe.
I Have formerly given you notice of five Spanish ships being armed in coarse, have taken and burnt two English ships, who was bound for Turky, very richly laden. They have since taken a ship of this place, coming from Scandaroone, worth fifty thousand pounds; and are sailed directly for said place, to surprize three English ships, that are there lading rich goods. These Spanish ships, with the seven Tripoly ships of war, that are also abroad, will hardly suffer any English ship to pass for any part of Turky. Last night arrived a barke of this place from Legorne, the patron of which reports, that he met Ruyter with 8 ships going to Porto-Spetie, to seek the French ships, that carried 3000 soldiers to the duke of Modena. If they meet, Ruyter will not have them on such easy terms as he had the other two; for amongst them is five stout ships of warr, the rest ships of 20 to 24 guns. The destroying of the Spanish ship at the Canaries is admirable to all men, and hath produced much honnor to his highnes. The Lord still continue success on his entreprizes. So for present I most humbly take leave, and remayne,
Marseille, 3d July 1657. [N.S.]
Consul Van den Hove to the states.
H. and M. lords,
My lords, I have here in Seville received letters from their noble mighty lordships, dated at Amsterdam, together with extracts of resolutions of your H. and M. L. of the 18th of May, concerning the ship the Regina, taken from the French in the Mediterranean-sea, and afterwards sold, your lordships desiring, that the same may be rebought and recovered. I shall endeavour to do all what I can therein, and give your H. and M. L. a full account thereof And in regard it is apparent, that by the vice-admiral de Ruyter, and the respective captains of his fleet, more French ships will be brought in, I desire, that your H. and M. L. will send me instructions how I shall behave myself in case any ships be brought in, as well of French as of other pirates, how the same shall be disposed of.
General Monck to secretary Thurloe.
I Receaved your's of the 16th and 18th instant, and I perceive, that the parliament have declared all such of the Scottish nation, who invaded this commonwealth under duke Hamilton, sided with, contributed to, or abetted that invasion, to bee incapable to bee elected or serve in parliament, or of receiving any trust, unlesse they have since bin in armes for the parliament or his highnesse, or have given signall testimonies of their good affection. Truly the greatest parte of this nation are not pleased with this act; butt if such could bee allowed, who have acted by authority or allowance of his highnesse or his councill in Scottland, and have exercised their places honestlie, chearfully, and actively as sherriffs, justices of peace, commissioners and magistrates of burroughs, or other incorporations, or shall hereafter promise to act honestlie, chearfullie and activelie, shall bee thought fitt by his highnesse and councill, that such may bee accepted: if this could bee done, itt would satisfie all parties; butt truly otherwise I doubt itt will butt keep uppe a great many people's hearte towards Charles Stuart's interest still. As concerning the clerke register's place, which you say is like to bee disposed of, trulie his highnesse is soe good natured to give away such places, when as this (and some others, that have been dispost of alreadie) with the rest that are remayning, and the interest of some monie, which has bin formerlie ordered for mayntaining of the judges of the country, before they were given away, did within a small matter maintaine the judges and their officers; and soe itt will bringe a further charge uppon his highnesse very speedilie, if he bee not carefull to look into itt; and I am confident this place will take away 2000 l. a yeare at least from that revenue. Butt I thinke not fitt to trouble his highnesse with itt particularly; butt if you please, when you finde an oppertunity, you may acquaint his highnesse with itt; for I am confident, the Scotchmen will not leave begging of places heere, or monies from his highnesse, 'till they have begged all that hee has in this country, if hee bee nott carefull to take uppe in time. In your letter, before these two, you were pleased to lett mee understand, that there was 66,000 l. per annum expected out of the excise and customs here; butt since I have made an inquiry into it, and I finde wee having two parts in three of the excise for the payement of six monthes arreares, which was due to the army att my coming into this country, which is about ninety thousand and odde pounds; and I hope they will bee carefull not to take off that, 'till wee are paid: and the other third parte with the customes will not pay the civill officers of this country, the councill and their officers, the judges and their officers, and the commissioners of excise and customes, and their officers; for they have made bold att present with some monies of our two third parte of the excise, which they have promist to repay with the first: and truly 'till our arreares are paid, I cannot see how they can rely upon any thing from the customes and excise, butt must spare monie to pay those officers. I thought fitt to give you this hinte, that you may not mistake in your reckoning. Thus much I am sure you will finde, whenever his highnesse pleases to desire an account from the councill heere. I am sorry to heare, that the difference betweene the French and the Dutch is coumpounded. I return you many thankes for the care and trouble you have taken in sending of mee the inclosed order for the monies for the cittadel att Leith, tho' the monies come in soe slowlie in this country, and the creditors of the forfeited persons cannott agree about itt, soe that I doe not see how they will bee able to accomplish itt. I returne you many thankes for the remembrance of col. Daniel's businesse; truly hee is a man, that is very active and very honest, and will execute the place of major-generall Morgan in his absence very well, and I hope will give his highnesse a great deale of satisfaction in that businesse. There is a very honest gentleman, mr. Andrew Bruce, that is commissary of Fyff; hee and his father are very faithfull to the present government; hee is his father's eldest son, and an ingenious honest man. I heare there are some, that are endeavouring to gett a commission for that place; I desire you to acquaint his highnesse with itt; for if his highnesse should give away that place, hee would disoblige as pretty a younge man, and as faithfull to our interest as any in Scotland; and therefore I shall desire you, to putt his highnesse in mind not to doe itt, if any such things should be desired of his highnesse. I have gotten some newes heere, which I thought fitt to acquaint you withall; and I think there is some truth in the intelligence. I sent you with the last intelligence a letter from a priest. The priest is now come over, and having some knowledge of him in Ireland uppon the concluding of a cessation with Owen Roe-Oneale, I have sent one to him, and my freind hath made way with him, so that hee will give intelligence. The fellow is very cunning; he was sent into Ireland, and soe into Scotland, to try the affections of the people; butt I desire you will keepe his name private. Hee tells me for certain, that the Spaniard and the Dutch are agreed; and that in case his highnesse and the parliament had not agreed, that they would have shewne themselves by this time; and that the Dutch had promised them by this agreement to transport any forces the king of Spain would send for Scotland; and that Charles Stuart hath granted the Dutch some thinges, that they thinke considerable for the carrying on of their fishing trade uppon this agreement; and the king of Spain hath promised them Dunkirk and Graveling; which I thought fitt to acquaint you with, for that I believe, by other intelligence I have had, itt may be true. Having nothing else to trouble you withall at present, I take leave, and remayne
Edenburgh, 23 June 1657.
General Monck to the protector.
May itt please your highnesse,
Having received this enclosed letter from my lord Brodie, in answer to your highnesse's offer to him to bee a judge; and perceiving hee is not free to itt, I make bold to mention to your highnesse one mr. James Dalrymple, as a person fit to be a judge, being a very honest man, a good lawier, and one of a considerable estate: there is scarce any Scotchman or Englishman, who hath bin much in Scotland, butt know him; of whom your highnesse may inquire further concerning him. I wrote a letter to your highnesse lately about capt. Thompson, and shall humbly desire to receive your highnesse's commands concerning him. I remayne
Secretary Thurloe to H. Cromwell, major-general of the army in Ireland.
I Have soe little to trouble your lordship with by this post, that I thought to have spared your lordship the trouble of a letter. Wee thought, that the parlament should have beene adjourned upon saterday last; but the great buissinesses, especially that of money, could not be dispatched; soe that its like they will sitt all this weeke. They are now upon frameinge an oath for the protector to take, and others for the parlament and councell; as alsoe consideringe of the callinge of another house to this, to appeare at the tyme, to which the parlament is to be adjourned. Some difficulties doe arise upon these debates, which I hope will be overcome. And this is all the account I can give your lordship of affaires by this, and remeyne
H. Cromwell to secretary Thurloe.
The experience I have had of one mr. Baynes, a minister here, and the affection, which his sober and godly conversation hath wrought in mee for him, makes me the rather to call to mind the merritts of his father lieutenant-colonel Baynes, who (as I have often heard) always served the parliament not only faithfully, but with good successe also. Indeed it would very well become us, to have a gratefull memory and respect to such services, (although long since past) especially where the same integrity and affection still remaynes, as I understand there doth in him, towards his highnes and the publique. The consideration whereof, and of that I heare commissioners are now to be employed about the new buildings, putts mee upon this trouble of desiring you to have a special regard unto him upon his occasion, or upon any other employment, wherein you shall thinke him usefull. So not doubting of your readines to promote the publique good in this way, I remaine
Dublin, 24 June 1657.
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburg, to secretary Thurloe.
My last was hence of the 19th instant, in answer to your's of the 29th May then rereceived, inclosing copie of my former week's letter from Riga; since which it pleased God to take out of this lyfe the gentleman of my company, that was then sick, whoe being prittie well recovered, as wee all thought, suddainly relapsed, and dyed within three daies after, to the affrighting of the whole towne, as well as ourselves. But the doctors have declared, that it was not the plague he died of, onely a violent fever, which is usuall in theise parts during theise hot moneths of the yeare, especially with strangers, whoe are more subject thereunto by reason of their chang of ayre and diet. Since mr. Rennald's death, whoe met me at Riga from Dantzick, to travel with me to Musco, I have beene very severish myselfe; but hope it will shortly over, and that God will give me strength to performe the service he hath called me fourth unto; though I must confesse, to find myselfe soe beset with dangers and discouragements of all kinds, formerly represented to your honor, doth not a little afflict me. My letters from England for this weeke are not yet come to my hands; and I doubt they are miscarried, for the post is come. If the great duke send for me, as I now expect daily hee will, and that I heare not first of the payment of my bills from Hamb. and of letters of credit for my future supply, I cannot possibly proceede on my longsome journey, though God should enable me with health for it; and if I were at Musco, how to subsist there, I know not, except yow will please to hast letters of credit from some knowne merchant of London to mr. John Hebden, merchant there, by all conveyances, as I formerly desired, wherein I hope your honor will not forget me. I have noe more to ad, but a duplicate of my last weeke's letters, and a paper of such intelligence as this place affourds. I remayne
Mittaw, 26 June 1657.
Mr. Longland, agent at Leghorn, to secretary Thurloe.
I Hav received your letter of the 28 May with the enclosed to mr. Litcot, which I imediately deliver'd, and communicated to him and al the nation the great succes and victory it has pleased God to give generall Blak's fleet at Santa Cruz. I cannot yet obtain leave to print the relation, but my next I hope to advis your honor it is effected. This prince, and consequently his governors ar very chary to permit any thing to be publisht to the prejudice of the Spanyard, for they ar here perfect Austrians, altogether for that hous. Seeing his highnes would not accept of the tytle of king, I rejois, that he is endowed with al the royal appurtenances by advys and consent of parliament.
Ruyter is stil besieging the 8 French ships under the Genowes castel. He has sent to
that state to demand the French ships, which wil not be obtain'd. Four other Dutch
shipps of warr arryved this week from Holland under the name of a convoy, but brouht
only one marchant ship with them. As soon as they had watered, they imediately went
to joyn with Ruyter, who is now ten sail, and five more he has at Callary vittelling; and
'tis reported 9 sail more ar coming out of Holland under the name of convoyes, to giv the
les suspicion. When they ar come up to 20 sail, 'tis reported they ar to take up 20 good
marchant ships of theyr own, and at Naples or Mesina the Spanyard to put 100 soldiers
into each ship, which will mak them very good men of warr. I do but wryt you what
is reported by themselves; the truth whereof your honor can best discern. The French
have no more appearance by sea then the Spanyard; yet 'tis reported, 8 sail of good ships
ar coming from West France into the Streits. I humbly rest,
Leghorn, 6 July 1657. [N. S.]
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
L'on est icy fort peu satisfait de la France, de ce que la ratification ne vient point sur le traité fait avec l'ambassadeur de France. Mais il dit, que l'on est trop impatient, que l'on n'a pas mis du temps au traité, ny qu'aussy l'ambassadeur n'a pas eu du pouvoir. Item tout est remis au bon plaisir du roy. Laquelle clausule ceux de cet estat one desiré avoir, quoyque l'ambassadeur leur a offert de vouloir engager & obliger sa personne; ce qu'ils n'ont pas desiré, mais ils ont desiré le bon plaisir du roy.
Outre cela, ils craignent des elucidations, principalement la durée du traité de marine, qu'icy on prend comme un edict perpetuel. Mais la France ne le prendra plus que pour autant qu'il plaira au roy.
Il y a en Zeelande a Middelborgh des marchands (comme ailleurs) qui ne peuvent pas digerer, que les Anglois tiennent bouchées & bloquées les Havres de Flandre, Duynkercke, Oostende, Graveling, &c. Il y en a qui ont remonstré cela, suppliants qu'on leur veüille donner du convoy, pour estre conduit en seureté dans ces Havres; ou bien que par l'ambassadeur Nieuport l'on voulusse impetrer permission pour ces marchands, à transporter leurs biens & denrées. Cela sera mis ès mains des deputez sur les affaires maritimes.
L'on parle d'un nouveau traité d'alliance faite entre le Dennemark & cet estat, contenant un ampliation de secours ou assistence mutuelle, plus grande que celle qu'ils se sont promis cy-devant; mais ils doivent craindre, que l'Angleterre & France aussy-tost ne fassent des semblables assistences avec la Swede, car la raison est paralelle. Je suis
Les deputez des admirautez sont icy expressement attendants aprés la ratification de France, pour aviser en après sur l'ulterieur employ de la flotte, dont une partie aura l'œil contre Portugal pour l'interest de la compagnie de West-Inde; l'autre partie aura l'œil sur la mer Baltique: & si estats de Hollande estoient escoutés, une bonne partie se joindroit avec Dennemark, pour contraindre le Sweden à faire ce que Dennemark estats ce Hollande voudront, comme l'an 1645 ils firent avec Sweden directement contre Dennemark. Je suis,
Vostre très-humble serviteur.
De Thou, the French embassador in Holland, to Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
I Have very little to write to you by this post; having yet received no news from court upon our accommodation, my lord of Brienne writing me word from Lafere of the 28th of the last month, that the post of Holland was not then arrived; so that I cannot advise you till next post, how the business was received at court, and what orders are given for the execution of the said agreement. You will have heard of the design of the enemy upon Calais; he writ me word the admiral of England sent to offer him all manner of assistance and civilities I fear the enemy will be more successful at Ardres. The embassadors of this state in Denmark are blamed for publishing the intercepted letters of the resident Appleboom. The manifesto of Denmark is already printed here in Low-Dutch.
Boreel, the Dutch embassador in France, to Ruysch.
Formerly I sent over the sentences and arrests given in favour of their H. and M. L. subjects, wherewith they had their privileges of exception of strangers tax confirmed, so as the old treaties of alliance do import. They do still continue daily in all places here heavily to persecute the Netherlands, thereby to force them to pay this late strangers tax; wherefore many are forced, to their great prejudice, to keep their houses, to avoid several abuses. So that it is highly necessary (under correction) that there be negotiated with the lord embassador de Thou about this, that so such vexations in regard of their H. and M. L. subjects might come to cease, after which they earnestly long.
There was also of late years a new impost laid and raised in Normandy by force of their H. and M. L. subjects upon the herring and salt fish, wherewith they are greatly troubled more than the natives of France; so that this imposition continuing, the Netherland fishery will suffer very much prejudice by it, for the loss is so high, that every last doth pay many pistols, and the herrings are thereby sold to great loss, in regard the French are exempted of the same, and by that means sell the herrings far cheaper. And in regard the herring-fishery is a commerce of very great importance to the state of their H. and M. L. I thought it my duty to advise so much hereof, that so this and other abuses may be removed, and the commerce be driven again without any molestation.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
In answer to yours of the 19/28 of June, I shall tell you, that the last resolution concerning the fleet, is this, that vice-admiral de Ruyter, who is in the Mediterraneansea, shall continue to act there. The vice-admiral John Evertsen crosses the channel with 6 ships. They have resolved, that 14 of those ships, which are most ready, shall have their rendezvous in or about Gorée, under the flag of lieutenant admiral Opdam, the number of which is 36; the other 12 should have order to go to sea under vice-admiral de Witt, that so they might always ply to and again about the coasts and open passages of this state: and thus would be disposed the whole number of 48. But it is to be noted, that Friesland has not consented in this thing, otherwise, than that the said ships shall go neither against Portugal nor Sweden. Item, it is to be noted, that really there are but 16 ships at sea, under Ruyter, and 6 under John Evertsen his brother; of the rest, some are ready, others preparing and making fit for service, though but very slowly, neither as yet is there a full consent touching the subsidium. It is most certain, that Amsterdam and the states of Holland have given money to Denmark, without which it had been a pure impossibility for them to have had so many ships, they having had from Amsterdam and other places between 12 and 15 men of war, besides a very considerable number of seamen. Methinks the lord protector (altho' he were minded to do no more) ought to have a very special eye upon Gottenburgh and the Elve, that so they fall not into the hands of Den mark. The lord protector may do this very easily, by causing 2 or 3 men of war to go to and fro ever and anon under pretext of being convoys; nay if they did but only shew themselves, it would be sufficient, for this would immediately cause Denmark to be afraid. And the truth is, if it were barely upon the account of commerce, the lord protector has exceeding great reason to send thither some men of war, it being most certain, that Denmark and the states of Holland do conspire together to ruin and destroy Hamburgh. And I have it from a good hand, that the states of Holland (were but the allianee made between them and France) would block up the Elve, so jealous are they least the Elve should have too much trading. Now if the lord protector does but preserve the Elve and Hamburgh, he will by that means likewise preserve the commerce. And in preserving of Gottenburgh he will preserve a great part of the commerce of the Eastsea; for Gottenburgh furnishes many materials for shipping; and the lord protector has experience of the malice of Denmark, how they have formerly excluded him from the East-sea, at the instance of the states of Holland. And there is nothing, more than that the states of Holland and Denmark have a real design to get the East-sea into their own hands, and to exclude the lord protector when they please.
I should not say thus much, but that I see the affairs of Sweden in so desperate a condition; and on the contrary, Denmark would find some body to deal with. But forasmuch as Spain, Denmark, the Empire and Poland (not to mention the states of Holland) have conspired altogether against Sweden, and moreover they use all endeavours to draw off the elector of Brandenburg, it will be necessary, that the lord protector and the king of France should lend Sweden their helping hand; as also and above all the lord protector should send one to Denmark, otherwise Sweden may possibly precipitate into such counsels as may be prejudicial, and may join with the Empire.
By letters from Denmark to the states-general it is apparent enough, how that king has been animated by the states-general against Sweden; and yet in the mean time they strive to make the world believe, that their endeavours are meerly for a peace and accommodation; yea, and they make a new treaty of alliance with Sweden, as if faith, shame, religion, and conscience were meer notions, or there were no such things in the world.
Nieuport, the Dutch embassador in England, to Ruysch.
Their H. and M. L. letter and resolution of the 26th of June last was safely delivered to me yesterday, eight days before the lord secretary of state had signisied to me, that he would speak further with the lord protector, and that he hoped I should have audience the next day; but they have been so busy with the solemnities here, that they could find no time for him: and having sent to day to the lord secretary to know, whether I could speak with him before I sent away my letters, he sent me word, that it was impossible; but that he thought he should see me at the solemnity, and if he could, he would speak with me this night. Presently after sir Oliver Flemming came to me and told me, that the commissioners of the parliament having understood, that I had a mind, to gether with the lord embassador of France, to see the said solemnity, had taken such order, that we should both of us have fit places for it. I replied, that I had not declared to any body, that I had such inclination, much less, that I would have requested the same; but if so be I were invited to it in the behalf of the government, that I would not omit to assist at the solemn action. Thereupon he answered, that he had received the same answer from the lord embassador of France, and that he had agreed with him to make report; and that in regard of the shortness of the time, he could hardly be able to return to me again; and therefore he desired me to send any of my servants to him, which I did, and he told him, that the parliament did earnestly desire, that I would be assisting at the said action, with this declaration, that it would be very acceptable unto them. Which being also signified unto the lord embassador of France, he sent me word of it very civilly, and that he would be at it. Whereupon we both went, and the whole time being spent with the ceremony, I could not get to speak with the lord secretary of state.
General Monck to the protector.
May it please your Highness,
I am appointed by your highness councill heere humbly to acquaint your highness, that some few weekes since, the lord Southall, who was one of your highnesses commissioners for administration of justice to the people in Scotland, having departed this life, and it haveing pleased God now to take away from us the lord Belchomy, another of the said commissioners, who died this forenoone in the house of the session of the said commissioners, wherby the number of the said commissioners is become soe few, that here are but fowre of them now uppon the place, which is the least number that can by their commission act in the inner-house; and the constitution of that judicature being such, that in an outer-house, which is still in use for judgeing of matters, not of soe great moment or intricacy, as that either party concern'd would insist uppon having the judgment of the judges in the inner-house in them, one of the judges would determine and adjudge in many civill causes, which did spare much paines to the whole judicature in decideing of causes of lesser importance, and without which, proceedings would bee too slow. But the death of the lord Belchomy hindring now the keepeing of the inner and outer-howse (which is that whole judicature) together, the quorum now left heere being barely competent for the inner howse; and it being the time of the sessions, which continues but for the months of June and July, the next sessions not beginning till the first of November, and great numbers of people being attending the dispatch of their causes there depending, your highness councill heere found themselves in a strait, because they apprehended, that as it is necessary for the carrying on of justice to the people, another judge should bee appointed, who is very able in the laws and practice of proceedings heere, to keepe the outer-howse, wherein the lord Belchomy did frequently fitt, having been one of the ablest for it; soe they would be very unwilling to place any one in such a trust without your highnes express order and appointment, if the administration of justice, which they are by their instructions from your highness appointed to see duly administred, could be otherwise effectually proceeded in without intermission.
Yet beleeveing it to bee your highnesse's intention, that they should supply such a present exigency in a time soe pressing, they bethought, and have pitcht uppon a person of
eminent abilities, namely mr. James Dalrymple, an advocat; of whose qualifications and
good affections they have ample satisfaction, to be one of the said commissioners for administration of justice, at the same salary which the lord Belchomy had, being three hundred pounds per annum, according to the establishment for the Scotche judges; of which
choise they humbly crave leave to desire your highnesse's approbation. And uppon this
occasion they humbly crave leave to offer to your highness, that seeing some others of the
judges here were not commissionated by your highness in the generall commission for that
judicature, and (as the councell are informed) judge Swinton hath a late particular commission from your highness under the great-seale for him to be one of them, your highness
may be pleased to ordaine the like commission, as hee hath in that capacity, for the rest,
formerly, and now, constituted commissioners or judges there respectively. All which by
appointment of your highness councel heere, is humbly represented to your highness by
Your highnesse's most humble,
and most faithfull servant,
A letter of intelligence from col. Bamfylde.
Aboute a month since I received a letter from mr. Cockin, wherein he advertised mee, that you had been pleased to promise him an answer to the letters he delivered you from mee, positively within a weeke after the date of his: but not hearing any more from him, I concluded you had changed your resolution, and that I was not to expect any further favour from you; whereupon (as I believed all all the rest of the world before had done) I abandoned myselfe to ruine, determining to have throwne myselfe into the army, as a common souldier, with noe other wishes but those of death: but it pleased God, that a very few days before I intended to have put this melancholy resolution in practice, I received a letter from sir John Hobert, which informed mee, that your thoughts of mee were something changed, and that it was resolved to favour mee with a speedy employment into Germany, and that you would by the following poste send me letters and instructions concerning it. But although there has five postes arrived since the date of his letter, I have not heard any thing from you, or any els, soe as I may reasonably fear, I am agayne lost in that little share of your good opinion, which I solaced myselfe with the hopes of; which has put mee into soe much a worse condition then I was before, in that theise 20 dayes lingering here has almoste spent that little and laste stock I could get together to have carried me to the army, soe as now, if my sears prove true, I must beg thither. Let mee (I beseech you) only crave and obtain this favour at your hands, that if you will not give yourselfe the trouble, that any of your servants from you may but in a line or two informe me of your finall resolution concerning mee, after which I shall noe further torment myselfe or trouble you. I am, sir,
Germains En Lay, July the 7th 1657. [N. S.]
A letter of intelligence.
The last weeke did not aforde any thing worth the writing, but what I doe beleve you know, that the states and the French king are agreed for the releasement of theyre shipes on eyther side, and 3 months hence they are to treate of surder satisfaction for theyre losses they have had here. The French armie hath beseged the towne of Montmedi in the land of Luxenburg, which is a strong plase; and the prince of Kyma, governor of Luxenburg, striving to put some horse and soote into the towne, hath lost some 400 men, besides divers prisoners taken of his, and could doe noe good of it; and now don John and the prince of Condé are gone thether with 26000 horse and foote to releve it if they can. There bee too ambassadors gon from hence to the king of Denmarke's army, hoo is marched against the Swede, as the reporte goes heare for sertayne; and that his fleete is likewise set forth. There went some shipeout of Sealand eyght dayes sence with amunition to him. Leopoldus is chosen chese generall for the house of Austrea. The emperor's son groes very strong, and hee, and the Powle, and the Dane, and divers other princes of Germany, hath made a fast league together. And the duke of Brandinburg, they say for sertayne, is like to fall from the Swede, for he is now in treti with the king of Polland; soe it is generally thought heare, that when the time comes, the emparor's sonn wil find noe greate oposition against him. Heare lyes at present in the roade by Flushing 7 Dunkerk and Oestend shipes with theyre prises by them, and likewise at Helfordsluys lyes some more with thyer prises, which they cannot sel in these parts. Therefore they are resolved to force theyre passage through your shipes at Oestend; and for that porpose is come since monday last through our towne above 700 saylers and souldiers without armes from Oestend and Dunkerck, to man those shipes. One of the masters, that came for these men being in my costodi, having the head watch til such tim his men weare past throug, tould me, it would bee at least 14 days before they should ale meet in Sealand. In the meane time you know what is best to be don, for this uppon my one knowledge 'tis very sertayne. Our major gave our governor a list of 660, but I am sewer there is passed above 700; for the man of Bridges wil now shortly be heare, for the biles of exchange are come out of Spayne for greate somes of moneys for Flanders; but how much is come for him I know not yet, but they talke of much; but he is to rayese 4000 men more with the first. There bee divers English come from the French army to the duke of Yorke, hoo gives them every one that stayes with him a pistolet in hand, and some that desier to come for England hee gives them his pase. There bee divers of them has passed through our towne for Sealand, and soe are come for England. There be some of our shipes of war apoynted to goe for Portingall; and I doe beleve from thence too Indes, for it is for sertayne, them of Amsterdam shall fetch the Spanish silver. Heare is a littell booke translated cut of French into Duch, of the 32 secrete artickeles betwene his highnes and the French king, which causes mighti murmering of the peopell heare; and if you please to have one of them sent to you, I shall doe it. And soe desiring you wil be pleased to let mee heare som smale answer of my last to yourselfe, for it may very wel be my servis wil stand you more in stead about 5 months hence then at present, which I asewer shall never sayle to be performed by him, that is
Here is newes come yesterday from Antwerpe, that the Spaniard hath receved a greate deseate, and that don John should be taken prisnor, and very much losse. If it be soe, the best part of Flanders may be taken. This comes, but within 3 or 4 dayes wee shall heare the sertayneti of it.
The Venetian agent.
The Spanish army had a design upon Calais, but it took not effect; the whole body of the Spaniards not arriving in due time, a thing very ordinary; for of an hundred enterprizes hardly one takes. Afterwards the Spanish army, having burnt and plundered several villages round about Calais, went and laid siege to Ardres; which is since reported to be taken, but of this there is no certainty. Montmedy is not yet taken, and is said to have provisions enough in it to hold out two months longer.
A letter of intelligence from Blank-Marshall at Bruges.
By this I can give you very litle account of your business, nor that there is, or shall bee any thing done in relation to you. But you shall know, by every occasion 104 is still at 112 123 27 56 18 77 31 80 57 48 58 69 70 59 86 to the 23 19 35 44 14 73. So its given out, 104 faith, that as soon as 32 20 21 33 1 79 34. 71 18 10 19 36 81 20 15 49 59 52 94 he will go. But will first come hither. But truly I am partly confident he will give us the 74 45 37 61 that are here; for he is not 27 46 20 to 62 3 94 the 16 21 8 78 75, that is 17 22 87 31 18 19 72 20 80, that most of 77 32 18 50, that 4 69 20 33 21 22 70 must and will shift for 80 84 18 48 76 19 46 82 20 73; yet 120, and some few of 104 his 74 20 70 84 5 54 80 76 stayes to 25 1 11 22 it 60 85 79 just as they did 1 80 12 81 45 46 56 37 52 19. This is the opinion of men of beter judgment than I am. By the next you will know more. As for newes, wee have little; only our armis are all to the fields, and wee hope to returne victorious. There is of the English comes dayly to the duke of York; he gives each man a pistoll in hand; them that have not a mind to serve, hee gives them liberty to returne home; there is sum gone already this way; them that comes 4 87 5 96. 73 2 97 74, that the 69 22 76 77 88 35 44 48 20 63 45 46 59 86 and truly I think 54 4 55 96 will if not, 63 69 19 82 20 52 52 78 21 14. Wee heere the Hollanders have concluded a peace with France, yet they were busie leavying men a-while. The king of Denmark has a considerable army neere Breham. Its of a certaine reported the king of Hungaria shall be chosen emperour. I heere litle of the Poles and the Swedes. The French army lyes still before Mumastee. It's reported, that ther is 300 more of the English came to Cambray. Haveing little to do, and knowing your curiosity of knowing foraine newes, makes mee take the bowldness upon mee to truble you thus far; yet I dare not to take it upon mee, that all is trueth; but for your business, be confident of the care of,
your most obedient servant,
A letter of intelligence.
Being in company the most parte of that day, and all the night following, with Riely the priest, who shewed me a letter beareing date the 20th of the said month, from one of his habit in the north, reporteing, that all the differences between the earle of Tireowne and Daniel O-Niele were desided; which difference was hitherto the greatest obstacle that kept men, armes, and ammunition, from the reliesing of this nation, and now that the families of both the said houses have unanimously consented to take armes against the present government, on the first notice from the said earle, who by commission from the king of England is prince and general of Oulster. Hary Mc Towell O-Neile was to have a meeting at Quile Iniele the 26th of the said month, to assure severall, who were doubtfull of the premisses, and came lately out of Conoght to that purpose. On wednesday following I have been with father Quince, and was very importunate with him to know, whether he knew any English men of qualitie in this nation, that would assist the king of Scots, if he should send any forces here; upon which he told me, that he knew none particularly, but that he is sure the king by the earle of Ormond, Inchequine and others of his English friends in Flanders is assured, that there are many in this nation, upon the least occasion, that would serve faithfully his majesty; and that this report of my lord of In chequine's going to mass is spread purposely, that my lord protector, and his inferior governors, should take the least notice of the protestants, who were his friends; and that his lady comeing to this nation under pretence, that shee shuns him for being a papist, and to worke with some of his acquaintance to draw them to act something of his will. He did likewise assure me, the remainder of sir John Raynold's men, that revolted not from him to the king of Scots, were all put to the sword by the duke of York; and that the king of Spain was master of all Portugall, besides three or four garrisons.
Lockhart, embassador in France, to secretary Thurloe.
May it please your honor,
Yours by mr. Petit I received yesterday, and doe humbly acknowledge your goodnesse in that the unreasonablenesse of the propositions I was forced to make by him, mett with a better acceptance then I had reason to expect. My undertaking to offer theise desyers of the cardinall to his highnes proceeded from the passione I had to oblidge him once to beginn the businesse, knowing that if I could once have ingadged him in it, his own spirit and resolutione would have prompted him to wrestle thorough many difficulties, that he would not consent to grapple with before-hand.
My last from Compiegne gave your honor an account of the king and cardinall's journey to Monmedy; their return to Laserre is not expected before monday next. To morrow at night I shall be at Blairencourt, within six leagues of Laserre, where I have one to receive and bring me such letters as shall be directed to me either from your honor, or the cardinall. It is not probable, that I shall be able to give you any further trouble in businesse, till such tym as I have had an audience, tho' I shall not excuse my self from wryting to your honor by every post.
It was no small satisfaction to me to heare by your last, that his highnes intends not to putt himself to the expence of making new levys; and tho' the posture of your affairs seems to oppose your parting with any of the old regiment, I hope there will be no necessity to presse so troublesome a favor; for mr. la Ferté's foot, when joyned with mr. Turein's, will make a body of foot near 20000 strong, which is a number sufficient for any enterprize.
The persecution I suffer from my regraitts for ill successe of businesse heare would (I
really think) overwhelme me, if the good news of the happy conclusione of his highnes's
affairs at home, I hope, ere now are brought too, did not in some measure consolatt me;
and I must beg leave to congratulat your honor's happinesse in having had so signall and
usefull a hand in that great businesse. I have writt to the governor of Calais to send back
any frigatt that shall come from the admirall in the Downs, and humbly thank your honor for the money you were pleased to bestow upon mr. Petitt, and for all the other favors
you dayly heap upon,
May it please your honor,
your most humble, faithfull and obedient servant,
Monsieur de Charost, governor of Calais, to monsieur de Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
We are now rid again of the enemy, and I suppose we are come off with honour enough; and care is now taken to prevent any attempt they shall make for the suture. The enemy is march'd away towards Bethune; I find that Montmedy is still obstinate, and will defend it self to the last. We have lost some men before it; but sure it will not be long before we shall be masters of it.