A Topographical Dictionary of England. Originally published by S Lewis, London, 1848.
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Westoning (St. Mary Magdalene)
WESTONING (St. Mary Magdalene), a parish, in the union of Ampthill, hundred of Manshead, county of Bedford, 4 miles (S. by W.) from Ampthill; containing 732 inhabitants. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £9.17., and in the gift of the Executors of the late J. Everitt, Esq.; the impropriation belongs to Mrs. Penyston. The great tithes have been commuted for £355, and the vicarial for £260; the glebe comprises 32 acres. There is a place of worship for Baptists.
Weston, Suffolk.—See Stow, West.
Westow (St. Mary)
WESTOW (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Malton, wapentake of Buckrose, E. riding of York; containing, with the townships of Eddlethorpe, Firby, and Mennythorpe, 666 inhabitants, of whom 428 are in Westow township, 2 miles (E. S. E.) from Whitwell. This parish, which is bounded on the north and west by the navigable river Derwent, comprises 2917 acres. The greater portion is arable land, interspersed with meadow and wood; the surface is undulated, and the scenery pleasingly varied: limestone is quarried for building and for burning into lime. The living is a dis charged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £3. 18. 4.; patron and appropriator, the Archbishop of York. The great tithes have been commuted for £575, and the vicarial for £114. 11.; the glebe contains 30 acres. The church is an ancient structure, with a square tower. There are places of worship for dissenters.
West-Park, with Cole, Wiltshire.—See Cole.
Westport (St. Mary)
WESTPORT (St. Mary), a parish, in the union and hundred of Malmesbury, N. division of Wilts; adjacent to the north-west side of Malmesbury, and containing 1504 inhabitants. The living is a vicarage, with the livings of Brokenborough and Charlton annexed, valued in the king's books at £16. 17. 8½., and in the patronage of the Crown; impropriator, the Earl of Suffolk. The impropriate tithes have been commuted for £64.10., and the vicarial for £520; the glebe comprises 45 acres, and a rent-charge of £34 is payable to the rector of Bremilham. The church was enlarged in 1841.
WESTRILL, an extra-parochial liberty, in the union of Rugby, hundred of Guthlaxton, S. division of the county of Leicester; containing, with Stormore, 8 inhabitants. It lies on the north side of the river Avon, and comprises, including Stormore, 1620 acres.
WEST-VILLE, a township, in the union of Boston, W. division of the soke of Bolingbroke, parts of Lindsey, county of Lincoln; containing 139 inhabitants. This township, which is not dependent on any parish, was created by act of parliament, in 1812, on the occasion of a very extensive drainage of Wildmore, and the East and West Fens.
WESTWARD, a parish, in the union of Wigton, Allerdale ward below Derwent, W. division of Cumberland, 2¾ miles (S. E. by S.) from Wigton; containing, with the townships of Brocklebank, Stoneraise, Rosley, and Woodside, 1311 inhabitants. This place derives its name from its situation in the great forest of Inglewood, of which it formed the western ward, under the charge of the forester. The parish is bounded on the east by the Wampool river, and on the south by the branches of the river Waver; and comprises by measurement 1176 acres, of which nearly 300 are woodland, 180 in roads and waste, and the remainder chiefly arable. It abounds with limestone, red-freestone, and slate, all of excellent quality, of which there are extensive quarries, affording employment to many of the labouring class; and several seams of cannel and other coal have been found. The living is a perpetual curacy, net income, £120; patrons and appropriators, the Dean and Chapter of Carlisle: the tithes were commuted for land in 1811. The church is situated on an eminence in the township of Stoneraise. An additional church was erected by subscription in 1840, a neat structure in the later English style. In Stoneraise, about a mile and a half north of the church, and on the Roman road from Lugovallum (Carlisle) to Volantium or Virosidum (Ellenborough), are the remains of Old Carlisle, a considerable Roman city, which Horsley supposes to have been the Olenacum of the Notitia, where the Ala Herculea and Ala Augusta were posted. Antiquaries, however, differ with respect to the right name of this important station, which, with its appendages, occupied many acres of ground; its site is still overspread with the ruins and foundations of numerous buildings, with fragments of altars, equestrian statues, images, inscriptions, and many other relics. The walls inclosed a quadrilateral area, 170 yards long and 120 yards broad, with obtuse angles, and an entrance on each side; and were surrounded by a double ditch. Near a place called the Heights, in another part of the parish, vestiges of several square and circular intrenchments may be traced, though many of them, since the inclosure of the lands, have been levelled with the ground. Ilekirk Hall, in Stoneraise, anciently called Hildkirk, from a hermitage dedicated to St. Hilda, which was granted by John, in the 16th of his reign, to the abbey of Holme-Cultram, is now a farmhouse. It was for some time the residence of Richard Barwise, a man of extraordinary stature and prodigious strength.
WESTWATER, a tything, in the parish, union, and hundred of Axminster, Honiton and Southern divisions of Devon, 2 miles (N. W.) from Axminster; containing 127 inhabitants. It is situated a little to the east of the river Yarty.
Westwell (St. Mary)
WESTWELL (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of West Ashford, hundred of Calehill, lathe of Shepway, E. division of Kent, 2½ miles (E. S. E.) from Charing; containing 1082 inhabitants. It is on the road to Folkestone, and comprises 5199a. 1r. 32p., of which 236 acres are waste, 65 road, and the remainder arable and pasture, with 1392 acres of woodland. The living is a vicarage, in the patronage of the Archbishop of Canterbury (the appropriator), valued in the king's books at £13: the great tithes have been commuted for £606, and the vicarial for £333.15.; the glebe comprises 7 acres. The church is a spacious and elegant structure in the later English style. Here is situated the workhouse of the West Ashford union.
Westwell (St. Mary)
WESTWELL (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Witney, hundred of Bampton, county of Oxford, 2 miles (W. S. W.) from Burford; containing 180 inhabitants. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £5. 3. 9.; net income, £159; patrons, the Dean and Canons of Christ-Church, Oxford. The church, situated on an eminence, is in the Norman style: on the north and south sides are circular-arched doorways, with zigzag ornaments; in the nave is a mural monument to Charles Trindor, and on the south side is the recumbent effigy of an ecclesiastic of the time of Elizabeth.
WESTWICK, a hamlet, in that part of the parish of Oakington which is in the hundred of Chesterton, union of Chesterton, county of Cambridge, 5£ miles (N. N. W.) from Cambridge; containing 64 inhabitants. The vicarial tithes have been commuted for £100.
WESTWICK, a township, in the parish of Gainford, union of Teesdale, S. W. division of Darlington ward, S. division of the county of Durham, 2 miles (S. E.) from Barnard-Castle; containing 67 inhabitants. It is bounded on the south by the river Tees, over which is a lofty bridge of one arch leading into the parish of Rokeby, and also connecting the counties of York and Durham.
Westwick (St. Botolph)
WESTWICK (St. Botolph), a parish, in the Tunstead and Happing incorporation, hundred of Tunstead, E. division of Norfolk, 2¾ miles (S.) from North Walsham; containing 192 inhabitants. The parish comprises 932 acres, of which 20 are common or waste land. It is chiefly the property of J. Petre, Esq., whose seat, Westwick House, is a splendid mansion, beautifully situated in a park embellished with plantations, and some fine sheets of water. At a short distance from the house, is an obelisk ninety feet high, the summit of which commands a fine view of the sea-coast and of the adjacent country. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at £9. 13. 9., and in the gift of Mr. Petre: the tithes have been commuted for £171. 11., and the glebe comprises 16 acres. The church is a handsome structure in the decorated and later English styles, with a lofty tower; it was beautified in 1841, at the expense of the patron.
WESTWICK, a township, in the parish and liberty of Ripon, W. riding of York, 3½ miles (W. by S.) from Boroughbridge; containing 18 inhabitants. It is situated to the south and west of the river Ure, and comprises about 411 acres of land.
WESTWOOD, an ecclesiastical district, in the parish of Stoneleigh, union of Warwick, Kenilworth division of the hundred of Knightlow, S. division of the county of Warwick, 3 miles (S.) from Coventry; containing about 500 inhabitants. The church, dedicated to St. John the Baptist, was consecrated 25th July 1844. It is in the decorated English style, with a campanile turret; contains 260 sittings; and was built by subscription, at the cost of £1600, of which sum £600 were contributed by the Rev. Vaughan Thomas, and £700 by Lord Leigh, who also gave £1000 towards the endowment. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the Vicar of Stoneleigh. There is a parsonagehouse, and good schools are supported.
WESTWOOD, a parish, in the union of Bradford, forming a detached portion of the hundred of Elstub and Everley, locally in the hundred of Bradford, Westbury and N. divisions, and Trowbridge and Bradford sub-divisions, of Wilts, 2 miles (S. W.) from Bradford; containing 631 inhabitants. The living is annexed to the vicarage of Great Bradford.
WESTWOOD PARK, an extra-parochial liberty, in the Upper division of the hundred of Halfshire, Droitwich and E. divisions of the county of Worcester, 2¼ miles (W. N. W.) from Droitwich; containing 25 inhabitants, and comprising 730 acres. The road from Ombersley to Droitwich passes on the south. Westwood House, situated on a well-wooded eminence, is a noble edifice of brick, surrounded by tastefully arranged pleasure-grounds, with a fine lake on the west of the park: it is the seat of Sir J. S. Pakington, Bart., M.P. for the borough of Droitwich. A priory dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, for six nuns of the order of Fontevrault, was founded in the reign of Henry II., and at the Dissolution had a revenue of £75. 18. 11.