A Topographical Dictionary of England. Originally published by S Lewis, London, 1848.
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Shirburn (All Saints)
SHIRBURN (All Saints), a parish, in the union of Thame, hundred of Pirton, county of Oxford, 4 miles (S. by E.) from Tetsworth; containing 338 inhabitants. This place was the property of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and passed to Alice, wife of Warine de L'lsle, whose descendant of the same name obtained from Edward III. licence to embattle his house here. Shirburn Castle, the seat of the Earl of Macclesfield, is surrounded by a moat, over which is a drawbridge; it contains a noble hall, an armoury, and a suite of splendid apartments, with a fine collection of paintings, including a portrait of Catherine Parr, wife of Henry VIII. The parish comprises about 2300 acres. The soil is partly gravel, alternated with chalky loam: the surface is generally flat, except towards the south, where it extends over a portion of the Chiltern hills; and the scenery is enriched with wood. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £10. 16. 0½.; net income, £112; patron and impropriator, the Earl. Certain tithes were exchanged for land and corn-rents, under an act of inclosure, in 1805; and recently, tithes belonging to the vicar have been commuted for a rent-charge of £80, and great tithes for £14. 10.
SHIREHAMPTON, a chapelry, in the parish of Westbury-upon-Trym, union of Clifton, Lower division of the hundred of Henbury, W. division of the county of Gloucester, 5 miles (N. W. by W.) from Bristol; containing 671 inhabitants. It comprises 1436 acres, of which 34 are common or waste land. Kingroad and Hung-road, two noted anchorages for ships, are within the precincts of the chapelry. The chapel is dedicated to St. Michael: the living is in the gift of the Incumbent of Westbury. A rent-charge of £334. 5. has been awarded as a commutation for the tithes. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans.
Shire-Newton (St. Thomas à Becket)
SHIRE-NEWTON (St. Thomas à Becket), a parish, in the division and union of Chepstow, hundred of Caldicot, county of Monmouth, 4 miles (W.) from Chepstow; containing 895 inhabitants. The parish is intersected by the road from Chepstow to Usk; and comprises 3544a. 3r. 23p., of which 1125 acres are arable, 1162 pasture and meadow, 264 woodland, 522 common, 119 in cottages and gardens, and 76 in roads and waste. The surface is a good deal undulated, and the soil sandy and loamy, with a substratum of redsandstone. The views are extensive, especially from Shire-Newton House, whence the Irish coast opposite Lundy Island may be seen on a clear day. There are some paper-mills. The living is a discharged rectory, valued in the king's books at £9. 8. 1½., and in the patronage of the Crown, in right of the Prince of Wales: the tithes have been commuted for £375. 5. 6., and there is a glebe of about two acres, with a small rectory manor and a good house. The church is in the early English style of architecture, and has a central tower. Here are places of worship for Independents and Wesleyans.
SHIREOAKS, a chapelry, in the parish and union of Worksop, wapentake of Bassetlaw, N. division of the county of Nottingham, 3½ miles (W. N. W.) from the town of Worksop; containing 100 inhabitants. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income, £90; patron, the Duke of Newcastle.
Shirland (St. Leonard)
SHIRLAND (St. Leonard), a parish, in the union of Chesterfield, hundred of Scarsdale, N. division of the county of Derby, 2 miles (N. by W.) from Alfreton; containing 1381 inhabitants, of whom 930 are in Shirland township. The parish comprises about 3000 acres, of which 1000 are arable, and the remainder pasture and meadow, with a considerable portion of woodland; the soil is tolerably fertile, and the substratum clay, with some seams of coal. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books at £7. 15. 5., and in the gift of the Earl of Thanet, W. E. Nightingale, Esq., and Mrs. Charge, who present by turns. The tithes have been commuted for £175, and the glebe comprises 60 acres, with a house; there is also a rent-charge of £19 payable to the rector of Morton. The church, erected in the 14th century, consists of a nave, chancel, aisles, and tower with pinnacles; in it are the remains of a singular monument with numerous quarterings of the De Grey, the Ferrers, and other families. At Hallfieldgate is a charity school, built on a site given by Edward Revell, and endowed by Mrs. Lydia Boot, Mr. Stocks, and others, with about £25 per annum: there are also a national and a Church Sunday school in the parish.— See Higham.
Shirley (St. Michael)
SHIRLEY (St. Michael), a parish, in the hundred of Appletree, S. division of the county of Derby, 4¼ miles (S. E. by S.) from Ashbourn, on the road to Derby; containing, with the townships of Stydd and Yeaveley, 599 inhabitants. Shirley is so called from the Saxon, signifying "a clear place or pasture;" and gives name to a family which has for ages been considered one of the most honourable in the county. Part of the lands still belong to the Shirleys, who are now represented by Earl Ferrers. The parish comprises 1598a. 3r. 29p. of land, mostly pasture. The ancient Hall, now converted into a farmhouse, still retains features of its original character; and the moat by which it was surrounded is yet remaining. The park, recently purchased by Francis Wright, Esq., exhibits very beautiful woodland scenery. The living is a discharged vicarage endowed with the rectorial tithes, with the chapelry of Yeaveley, and valued in the king's books at £6. 13. 4.; patron, Earl Ferrers. The tithes have been commuted for £153. 17., and the glebe comprises 9 acres, with a parsonage-house, built in 1827, by the late vicar, the Rev. Walter Augustus Shirley, archdeacon of Derby, afterwards bishop of Sodor and Man, who died in 1847. The church is a small building with a tower; the body is of the 14th or 15th century: a north aisle was added in 1843, at a cost of about £800. In the churchyard is a remarkable yew-tree. A schoolhouse has been lately built.
SHIRLEY, an ecclesiastical district, in the parish of Millbrook, union of South Stoneham, hundred of Buddlesgate, Southampton and S. divisions of the county of Southampton, 2 miles (N.N. w.) from Southampton; containing 2500 inhabitants. This district includes the village of Shirley; part of the village of Hill or Four-Posts, on the shore of the Southampton Water; the hamlets of Cocksford and Aldermoor; and Shirley Common, a spacious tract recently inclosed. The soil in the upper portions is generally gravel and light mould; and in the lower, gravel, alternated with clay and sand. The surface is boldly varied, extending chiefly over two hills near the Salisbury road; the higher grounds command fine views of the Isle of Wight, the Southampton Water, and the New Forest. The air is remarkably salubrious. A vineyard has been planted by Mr. Clement Hoare, on Shirley warren, where that gentleman hopes to bring vines of every kind to perfection. Part of the common has been appropriated for building, and several handsome houses have been already erected; there are a brewery, and a manufactory of agricultural implements, in the village. The church was erected and endowed in 1836, by the Rev. W. Orger; it is a handsome structure in the later English style, with a square embattled tower, and contains 1080 sittings, of which 432 are free. A neat parsonage-house has been erected in a beautiful situation. There is a place of worship for Wesleyans; and schools connected with the Church are supported by subscription. Robert Pollok, author of the Course of Time, died here in September, 1827.
SHIRLEY-STREET, an ecclesiastical district, in the parish and union of Solihull, Solihull division of the hundred of Hemlingford, N. division of the county of Warwick, 6 miles (S.) from Birmingham; containing 1009 inhabitants. The church, dedicated to St. James, was erected in 1832, at a cost of £1500, raised by subscription; it is a neat structure with a campanile turret, and contains 506 sittings, of which 306 are free. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the patronage of the Rector of Solihull; net income, £120, of which £45 are derived from the mother church, and £72 granted by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners. Attached to the church is a good parsonage-house; and a national school for boys and girls is supported from the proceeds of the parochial charity estates.
Shitlington (All Saints)
SHITLINGTON (All Saints), a parish, in the union of Ampthill, partly in the hundred of Clifton, and partly in that of Flitt, county of Bedford, 4 miles (E. S. E.) from Silsoe; containing, with the hamlets of Holvvell and Lower Stondon, 1411 inhabitants. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king's books at £18; net income, £128; patrons and impropriators, the Master and Fellows of Trinity College, Cambridge. The tithes were commuted for land and a money payment in 1802. The church is a large and handsome edifice; the tower was rebuilt by the parishioners in 1750.
SHITLINGTON, a township, in the parish of Thornhill, union of Wakefield, Lower division of the wapentake of Agbrigg, W. riding of York, 5¾ miles (S. W. by W.) from Wakefield; containing 2164 inhabitants. It is situated on the road from Wakefield to Huddersfield, in the fertile and picturesque valley of the Calder; and comprises about 3280 acres. The soil is rich, and the substratum abounds with excellent coal, which is extensively worked. Coke is made in abundance, for the supply of the railways; and there are some quarries of good building-stone, the produce of which, and of the collieries, is sent to the East riding and to London, by the Calder and Hebble navigation. The woollen manufacture is carried on at Middle, Over, and Nether Shitlington. There are places of worship for Wesleyans at Middle and Nether Shitlington.
SHITLINGTON, HIGH, a township, in the parish of Wark, union of Bellingham, N. W. division of Tindale ward, S. division of the county of Northumberland, 3 miles (w.) from Wark; containing 106 inhabitants. This place and Low Shitlington form the northern division of the parish.