An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 10. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1809.
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The abbot and convent of St. Edmund of Bury had a considerable lordship here in the reign of King Edward; and at the survey, when Frodo was enfeoffed of it, and held of the abbey, with 3 carucates of land, and 10 acres; 3 villains, 8 borderers, and 2 carucates in demean &c. and 2 among the tenants, &c. 8 acres of meadow, one mill, one runcus, 12 cows, &c. 80 sheep, and 2 skeps of bees: there were also 11 socmen, with all their customary dues, and 2 carucates, and 20 acres, valued then at 40s. at the survey at 4l. it was 14 furlongs long and 4 broad, and paid 16d. gelt, whoever may hold it; the soc was in the abbey, (fn. 1)
Frodo, who was enfeoffed of it, was brother of Baldwin, abbot of Bury, a Norman, who with his convent, granted it to him, with Mundham in Norfolk, Tostock, Dunham, and Somerleton in Suffolk. (fn. 2)
It is also said in Register Pinchebeck of this abbey, that Britulinus alias Britulfus, son of Leomar, was lord of Cheventon, Saxham, Dunham, Tostoke, and Somerletun in King Edward's time; and that King William, on his death, gave it to the abbey, and to Baldwin the abbot, to give to Frodo his brother, and among his followers (Frenchmen) to serve St. Edmund, whenever they were summoned; and that the abbot by the King's command gave Frodo, Dunham, Fostook, and Somerleton, to hold of St. Edmund and the King, and to find soldiers; and that Chevington and Saxham being near to the monastery, the abbot held them in his own hands, for the use of his church, and gave Lodne and Mendham, which lay at a distance, to Frodo: they being given to the abbey by Alfric Modercoppe, with Thurwineham, in the time of Edward the Confessor, and Alfric the Bishop.
Aldbold, abbot of Bury, gave to O —, late wife of Gosceline de Lodne, about 1110, in fee, the land that Gosceline held at his death, paying for the land at Thurston, 20s. per ann. to the sacrist; witnesses, Gilbert Blund, Gilbert son of Frodo, &c.
Jeffrey de Lodne (probably) son of Gosceline, was living in the reign of King Henry I. and Jordan, son of Jeffrey, was lord in the time of King Stephen, and granted lands here by deed; witnesses, Roger de Watchetune, Richard de Thorpe, Henry de Hemenhale; his seal, a man armed cap-a pee, on horseback, his sword drawn in his right hand, and a shield in his left.
Ralph de Lodne, with the consent of Gosceline, his son, gave by deed sans date to the nunnery of Wykes in Essex, with Beatrice his daughter, the tithe of his house and land at Preston in Suffolk: this was in the time of William (Turbe) Bishop of Norwich, as appears by the deed, and in the reign of Henry II.
In the 10th of King John, Hubert de Randeston sued Jeffrey de Lodne, for a carucate of land in Katelesden, of his inheritance, which William his brother held in the reign of Henry II. Jeffrey pleaded that he had the land by the marriage of the daughter of Hervey de Glanvile; so that Robert de Creke, who married the daughter of William de Glanvile, ought to warrant it.
Thomas, son of William, son of Herbert, grants to Roger, son of Jeffrey de Lodne, by deed sans date, houses and lands, which Roger de Siseland and Stonilde his wife, held of him; witnesses, Jeffrey de Lodne, and John his son, Gilbert de Elingham, Roger de Hales, and William, his son, Alan de Hekingham, &c. the seat, a man in complete armour on a horse in full speed, without a bridle, with a drawn sword, and on his shield a cross pattee.
Jeffrey de Lodne was a steward to the priory of Norwich, 1242, and in the preceding year, Robert, son of Gilbert de Walsham, had granted to him by fine, from Geff. the service of one knight's fee in Lodne, Langley, &c. Roger paying 6s. per ann. and 16s. when the scutage was at 20s.
Gosceline de Lodne, who was lord, dying in — left a son, Goscelin, who dying s.p. his five sisters were his heirs; Alice, or Amitia, who married William de Beaucham; 2d, Agnes married William de Ryvill; 3d, Susan, married to Hugh de Somerton; 4th, Emma to Ralph de Hoo; and 5th, Lescilina, to Peter de Brokeley: yet the family of the Lodnes (as some collateral branch) had an interest in the town after this, and Sir John de Lodne was living in the reign of Edward I. and held lands here, also William, his son.
Letitia, widow of Sir Robert de Lodne, granted lands in Syseland and Mundham, to John de Gales rector of Syseland in the 2d of Edward III. by her deed: she is represented in her seal standing, holdin her right hand a shield, checquy, and a chief; in her left, a shield checquy and a bend over all; the one probably the arms of Tateshall, the other of Clifton.
Alicia, who married William Beauchamp, on a division of Gosceline's estate, had besides her own part, the part of her sister Agnes, who with her husband, William de Ryvill, granted it to her, and her husband, William de Beauchamp. (fn. 3)
John de Beauchamp, their descendant, granted by fine, his interest therein, to Edward, son of Sir William Charles, (fn. 4) and Alice his wife, with 5l. annual rent in Lodne, Heckingham, Langley, &c. and the advowson of Lodne, Quidenham, Norton, Akele, &c. in the 16th of Edward I.
In the 48th of Henry III. Sir William Charles had a grant of free warren in all his lands in this town, Siseland, Mundham, &c. and in the following year, that of a weekly mercate on Friday, and an annual fair at Loddon, and his son Edward claimed the said liberties in the 15th of Edward I.
To this Edward, and Alice his wife, Henry de Hales, and Trista de Ketelburgh surrender by fine, the manor of Milton in Northamptonshire: remainder to William their son; by this it seems that Alice was daughter and heir of — de Ketelburgh, lord of that town, in Suffolk.
In the year 1400, Sir Robert Charles was lord of this town, and of Kettleburgh: in this year he died, and gives to Anne his wife, the lordships of Kettleburgh, Syseland, and Eston, with the advowson of Thweyte, (fn. 5) paying 20l. per ann. to Thomas, his eldest son, and she to have the education of his son Robert: his will is dated on the feast of St. Peter 1400, and was buried in the chapel of Ketelburgh church, by the tomb of his father.
In the 7th of Henry V. Sir Thomas Charles, Knt. died, and Thomas was found to be his son and heir, aged 15: this Thomas, and Elizabeth his wife, conveyed, about the 20th of Henry VI. the manor of Syseland, with lands in Lodne, &c. to John Duke of Norfolk, &c.
William de la Pole Earl of Suffolk is also said to have bought of Thomas Charles, Esq. and Ralph de How, for 1850 marks, this lordship, 600 acres of land, 40 of meadow, 300 of pasture, 20 of wood, in Loddon, &c. to John Mowbray Duke of Norfolk; and his descendants, the Howards, held it.
Godfrey de Albeney, guardian of Ralph, son of Hugh de Bukenham, gave eleven pounds to have the seventh part of the inheritance of Gosc. de Lodnes which Ralph held, in the 5th of King John. (fn. 6)
Emma, the fourth daughter and coheir, married Ralph de Hoo, who was descended from Reyner, a Norman; this Ralph was father of Reyner, who had two sons, Ralph, and William de Hoo, Ralph enfeoffed his brother William, in his part of this manor, and was father of John de Hoo, who claimed an interest in the patronage of Okle aforesaid, Ao. 27 Edward I. in the 9th of Edward II. Lettice de Howe, and John de Howe held it.
Lescelina, the fifth daughter and coheir of Gosceline de Lodne, married Peter de Brokeley, father of Reginald de Brokeley, whose daughter and heir, Lucy, married first John de Cramavil, and to her second husband, John Algar, who with his wife Lucia conveyed several messuages, and lands, with 6 marks rent per ann. in this town, Hardele, Hales, Langele, &c. to Henry de Riveshale; and about the said time, in the 44th of Henry III. James de Neketon, as a trustee, settled on the said Henry, and Amicia in tail, a messuage, land and 6 marks rent here, &c.; this was held by the lady Reveshale in the 20th of Edward III.
The abbot of Langley had a considerable interest also in this lordship. After the death of Gosceline, the Earl of Oxford is said to have held of the abbot of Bury the five knights fees and a half, that he held, and Gosceline's descendants held their parts of the said Earl.
In the 10th of King John, the abbot had the 4th part of the advowson in his own right, and had 3 other parts then conveyed to him by fine, and in the 6th of Henry VI. he paid suit to the Earl of Oxford's manor of Castle Heveningham in Essex for his lands here.
Henry de Stubbs had an interest, or part of a fee here, in Norton, &c. which he surrendered by tine in the 24th of Henry III. to Jeffrey de Lodne: the family took their name from a place called Stubbs in this town.
Geff. de Stubbs gave lands here to Langley abbey, Henry de Stubbs, son of Adam, conveyed also lands at Stubbs, to Geff. de Lodne, with rents; this appears to be held of the Earls of Oxford, of Bury fee.
Sir John de Lodne, in the 15th of Edward I. claimed free-warren in his manor of Stubbs. This came afterwards into the abbey of Langley, and was granted with their lordship, to Thomas and John Godsalve, as above.
The Charnels had also a part of Gosceline's manor. Ernald de Charnels granted his right of patronage in the church of Loddon to the abbot of Langley, in the 10th of King John, and in the 19th of Henry III. Peter de Rysing and Joan his wife resigning all their right in a tenement formerly Gosceline's, to Thomas de Charnels: Joan was daughter of Baldwin Charnels.
In Uluric's time it consisted of a carucate and a half, 2 villains, 12 borderers, one servus, 2 carucates in demean, 2 carucates among the tenants, &c. 4 acres of meadow, the moiety of a mill, 3 saddle horses in the manor-house, 4 cows, and a 100 sheep: there was a socman with 10 acres, and among the whole a carucate, valued then at 20s. at the survey at 40s. and Earl Ralph had the soc, and there were 4 acres of land more in this town, included in the value aforesaid of 40s. (fn. 7)
This lordship was called Bacon's, from the lords of it; the ancestor of the family was Grimbald, a Norman, lord of Letheringset, Baconsthorp, and this manor, in a few years after the survey; Ralph, his second son, assumed the name of Bacon, and was father of George Bacon, who gave lands at Lodne to Maud, widow of Sir Roger de Hales; of this family was Richard Bacon, who gave lands in this town in the time of Henry II. to Bungey priory in Suffolk, and Roger Bacon, witness to a deed of lands in Kirkeby in King John's reign.
George Bacon aforesaid, is said to have been father of Thomas who dying s. p. Roger his father, succeeded him. Agnes, widow of his brother Thomas, sued this Roger for distraining her tenants in this town, and Baconsthorp, in the 5th of Henry III.
In the 29th of Henry III. Thomas Bacon had a grant of a weekly mercate and fair here; and in the 32d of that King, Roger Bigot Earl of Norfolk granted him by fine, liberty to hold the same on pay ing to Roger 20s. per ann. he being sued by the Earl, as the mercate here was prejudicial to the Earl's mercate at Bungey.
George Bacon of Lodne, impleaded in the 51st of the said King, Symon, abbot of Langley, for taking his toll from him in this fair for 9 years past, belonging to his manor, granted to him for two days on the eve and day of St. Martin; George dying s.p. Roger his brother inherited it, and claimed freewarren in the 15th of Edward I.
John Bacon, Esq. (fn. 8) was lord in 1426, and dying 1462, left by Margaret his wife, daughter of Robert Baynard, Thomas, his son and heir, who by Margery his wife, daughter of John Jenney, had two daughters and coheirs: Elizabeth, married to Sir John Glemham, of Glemham Parva in Suffolk; and Anne to Robert Garneys of Kenton, in Suffolk, Esq.
Sir John Glemham, Esq. died seized of a moiety of this lordship, October 15, ao. 29 Henry VIII. as did Christopher his son, October 18, ao. 4 of Ed. VI. leaving Thomas his son and heir, by Margery, daughter of Sir Richard Wentworth of Nettlestead in Suffolk, aged 16.
Tho. Garneys died lord of a moiety in the 9th of Elizabeth, leaving Elizabeth his daughter and heir, aged 11 years; she married Philip Strettey, Esq. of Nottinghamshire, and by their deed, dated November 2, ao. 27 of Elizabeth, sold it to John Weld of London, haberdasher; and Sir Thomas Gresham, conveyed the other moiety, which he bought of Thomas Glemham, Esq. January 14, ao. 5 of Elizabeth, to the said John Weld, on April 22, ao. 23d Elizabeth, so that Weld was lord of the whole manor.
At the time of the survey there was another lordship also which Robert, son of Corbun, was rewarded with, at the conquest, and which Humphrey held of Robert at the survey. Aluric, a freeman, held it under Archbishop Stigand in King Edward's time, when it consisted of a carucate and half of land, one villain, 3 borderers, one servus, and there was one carucate and a half in demean, &c. one and a half among the tenants, &c. the moiety of a mill, 4 acres of meadow, 40 sheep, &c. 4 socmen also, with 12 acres and a carucate and a half of land, &c. valued at 20s. at the survey at 30s.
There was near to this town of Loddon, a village or a hamlet called Golosa, which the said Aluric held under Stigand, and on his deprivation was granted to Robert, son of Corbun, and held of him by Humphrey. In Aluric's time there was one carucate of land, 3 villains, and 3 borderers, one carucate in demean, one among the tenants, one horse valued at 20s. and 9 socmen held 20 acres with three carucates before the conquest, then valued at 7s. but at the survey at 10s. the King and the Earl had the soc. (fn. 9)
These lordships came, on the death of Robert, son of Corbun, as an escheat to the Crown, and were granted by King William II. to William de Albini, (the King's butler, lord of Rysing castle, &c.) ancestor of the Earls of Arundel.
The ancient family of De Inglose, held then under the Albinys Earls of Arundel, and may be justly supposed to take their name from Golosa, afterwards corruptly called Inglose, the town being some ages past demolished, and the lands belonging to it now making part of the parish of Loddon.
Martin de Inglose, son of Hervey, held a knight's fee in the 34th of Henry III. and was impleaded for not taking that degree. (fn. 10) Reginald de Inglose appears to be son of Martin, by a deed, sans date; and John, son of Reginald, quitclaimed to the abbot of Langley all seigniory over his land in Lodne, formerly Dogget's, and Jeffrey de Lodnes, in homages, reliefs, &c. except 3l. 11d. ob. rent, to be paid by him, and scutage.
In the said year, Nicholas Hovell, and Joan his wife, convey to Robert de Inglose, and Joan his wife, a messuage and land, here, in Mundham, &c. and Ralph de Howe, in the 25th of that King, granted lands in Lodne, which extended towards Inglose, to Ralph de Inglose. Alice, widow of this last Ralph, was living in the 5th of Edward II. and daughter of Sir Richard de Cadomo. About this time, John de Inglose, and Robert his son, were living.
John de Inglose was lord in the 20th of the said King, and in his 42d year, Henry, son of Sir John de Inglose, sold by fine, the manor of Inglose-Hall, in Lodne, and 11s. rent, which Dionysia, widow of Sir John had for life, to William de Brundale and his heirs.
Anne, late wife of Sir Henry Inglose, held it in the 18th of Richard II. in 1389, she presented to the church of Siseland, in Norfolk; and in 1396, Henry Inglose presented, and in 1416, and by his feoffees in 1418.
Sir Henry Inglose, Knt. by his will, dated June 20, 1451, (fn. 11) and proved July 4 following, desires to be buried in the presbytery of Horsham priory, by Anne his wife, who was the daughter and heir of Robert Gyney of Haverland, by Margaret his wife, daughter and heir of John Fastolf, Esq. gives to the priory of Mountjoy in Haverland 40s. to the vicar of Haverland, for tithes forgot, 26s. 8d. to the repair of St. Martin's church, by the palace in Norwich, 20s. to Sir John Colvyle and Anne his wife, a legacy (she was his daughter,) to Anne, daughter of Edward Wichingham, at her marriage, 10l. to Henry Inglose, Esq. his eldest son, the manors of Dilham, Lodne, and Washingford in Norfolk, and Ashby in Suffolk; to Robert his 2d son, the manors of Haverland, Brandeston, and Causton in Norfolk; to his daughter Margaret Beaupre, a legacy, and orders his lordship of Bokenham Ferry, North Walsham, Helmingham, called Bryan's, Rakeheigh, Hoothgate, Mundham, called Mauclerk's, and Sprouston in Norfolk, Gunton and Hopton in Suffolk, and Pykworth in Rutlandshire, to be sold by his executors, (fn. 12) Edward Wichingham, Robert Inglos, and John Parham, clerk, to pay his debts; and the manors of Hedenham and Killing, to the Lady — Ilketeshale, for life, the reversion to his executors, to perform his will, and the advowsons of the churches of Filby, Boton, Baldeswell, Grymston, Syseland, and Gunton, to be sold.
Henry Inglose, Esq. son of Sir Henry, inherited it, and died possessed of it, &c. with the manor of Bykar in Lincolnshire, on September 20, ao. 8th of Henry VIII. and Henry was found to be his son and heir, aged 18, who died Sept. 25, 17th Henry VIII. seized of this lordship, Washingford, &c.
In the 23d of Henry VIII. Thomas Godsalve, Esq. possessed it, and his son, Sir John Godsalve, died lord on November 20, in the 3d and 4th of Philip and Mary, held by the 20th part of a fee of Rysing castle, and the rent of 33s. ob. per ann. William his son succeeded, and died in the 4th of Elizabeth, and Thomas Godsalve died Aug. 12, ao. 30 Eliz.
Godric, the King's sewer, or steward, had a small fee in Loddon, which 2 freemen of Edwin, who possessed it in the reign of the Confessor, were deprived of, containing 24 acres and a carucate of land.
Godric had also a lordship in a town or hamlet near to Loddon, called Wasingeford, in the Book of Domesday, of which a freeman of Edwin was also deprived, containing 30 acres; 2 borderers belonged to it, and the soc was in the lord of the hundred. (fn. 13)
This lordship of Washingford was held by the Ingloses. Sir Henry de Inglose died seized of it in 1451; and in the same family it remained, and passed from them, with the manor of Inglose, as may be there seen, to which it was united.
In the 10th of King John a fine was levied of the 3 parts of the advowson of this church, between Gilbert, abbot of Langley, querent, Roger Bacun, (fn. 14) Walter de Raveningham, Reyner de Ho, Ernald de Charnells, William de Inglose, Reginald de Brokele, and Ralph de Bello Campo, deforcients, whereby they grant their 3 parts to the abbot, who had the fourth part, belonging to the fee of Josceline de Lodne.
The abbot being in possession of the patronage, had it appropriated to him, and a vicarage was appointed, of which he had the patronge. In the reign of Edward I. it appears that there were two carucates of land, with a manse or house, belonging to this appropriated rectory, and that he had all the small tithes of the men or tenants, belonging to the manor of Robert de Lodne, with the oblations at the Cross; that the rectory was taxed at 25 marks.
In 1303, Alan Atte Herne was instituted vicar, presented by the abbot of Langley; but in 1311, on the 6th of the ides of January, John Salmon Bishop of Norwich, united and consolidated this vicarage to the abbot.
At the Dissolution, the appropriated rectory and vicarage, which was consolidated and united to it, came to the Crown; the rectory remained there some time; but in 1581, Henry Wesco was presented to the vicarage by Queen Elizabeth.
Robert Spooner of Bongey gave a tenement and lands to keep his obit, on the vigil of St. Andrew; the tenement was called Walbis, and with the lands, &c. that lay in this town. (fn. 15)
In the churchyard was the chapel of St. Mary, to which there belonged a custos in 1289. Elias, son of Warine de Heckingham, gave to God, and the chapel of St. Mary, founded in the churchyard of Lodnes, lands in that town, by deed, sans date. Thomas, son of John Le Signur, de Lodnes, gave also lands. Reg. Langl. Abb. fol. 54.
Pray for the soule of Anne Hobart, late wife of Henry Hobart, Esq; daughter of Sir John Fyneaux, knight, chief judge of England, which Anne departed the last day of Octr. 1530, on whose Soule, Jesu have mercy.
Of your charity pray for the soule of Dame Catherine Sampson, late wife of Sir Thomas Sampson, knight, and late the wife of John Blomvile, Esq; April 18, 1546; with the arms of Blondeville, impaling Hobart.
In the parish of Lodnes, there was also a chapel belonging to Charles, son of William of Gernemuth, who obliged himself to the canons of Langley, that the chapel which they granted to his court in Lodnes, should be maintained by him and his successours, in all things, without detriment to the parish church. (fn. 16)