An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 3, the History of the City and County of Norwich, Part I. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1806.
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In April, 1649, the city petitioned the Parliament to be eased in. their taxes, by reason of the great loss and decay of trade, and poverty of the city, wheat being 40s. a comb, rye 22s. barley 15s. and all other provisions accordingly, and that care may be speedily taken to open a trade at sea.
In July they petitioned for a grant or commission for the justices of Norwich to be justices of the peace in the precinct of Christ Church, (fn. 1) and to have power to unite parishes, and provide for the ministers thereof, out of the revenues of the cathedral.
June 26, Oliver Cromwell was made general of the English forces, and on the 28th he advanced for Scotland. Oct. 7, an insurrection was intended in Norfolk, near Norwich, in favour of King Charles II. but being discovered, several were apprehended, and three judges were sent down to Norwich by the parliament, who sat at the New-hall as a high court of justice on Friday Dec. 20, in great pomp, with the sword, mace,&c. on Saturday they condemned six, who were executed the Monday following, on a gallows erected between the cross and the well in the market-place; (fn. 2) on Tuesday they condemned six more: on Wednesday, being Christmas day, they passed sentence on Mr. Cooper, a minister at Holt, who was hanged there. On Thursday the 26th, five more were condemned: on Friday, Col. Saul and a shoemaker were condemned, and after hanged at Lyn. On Monday, Dec. 30, Major Francis Roberts, and Lieutenant John Barber, and two others were condemned; the two former were hanged on die gallows in the market, and the other two at two several market towns; one Mr. Will. Hobart, who gave witness against Mr. Cooper, was the next day himself condemned, and hanged at Dearham.
And it was now ordered by the Protector, that Norfolk county should send 10 members to parliament, Norwich, Lyn, and Yarmouth, two members each, and Thetford and Rising none at all, but should vote in the county.
In 1654, on certain intelligence of "risings in several places in the nation, against the publique government," whereby the disaffected are like to be mutinous, a company of 120 well affected persons, such as may be confided in, were listed, to be in readiness at any warning to take up arms, to be aiding and assisting to the mayor and sheriffs, for the appeasing of all turn alts in the city, and Mr. Buret was to be their captain, Mr. Knights lieutenant, and Mr. Scolding ensign.
June 24, this year, was the ordinance settled for an assessment for six months, for the maintenance of the armies and navies of the commonwealth, at the rate of 120,000l. a month for the first three months, and 90,000l. for the last three months, towards which last sum the county paid 4660l. a month, and Norwich city and county 240l. a month. (fn. 3)
On August 29th was published the ordinance for the ejection of scandalous, ignorant, and insufficient ministers and school-masters, (fn. 4) by which, most of the ablest divines were ejected, and others, fit for the purpose of those times, put in, by the sole power of a set of commissioners appointed in each county for that purpose; any five of which had power to eject any man, if five of the ministers, assistants to the commissioners, joined with them; the commissioners and assistants for the counties of Norfolk and Norwich, were, Henry Lawrence, Lord President of his Highness's counsel, Philip Skippon, Esq. Hezekiah Haynes, Charles-George Cock of Norwich, Esq. Sir John Hobart, Knt. and Bart. Sir Thomas Hogan of Great-Dunham, Robert Wood, Edw. Wood, Tobias Fryer, Henry King, Edward Bulwer of Heydon, John Reymes, Ralf Woolmer, Roger Harper, John Green, and Thomas Scot of Lyn, Tho. Baret and Nic. Salter of Norwich, Isaac Preston of Yarmouth, Mr. Tho. Garret, and Tho. Russell of N. Basham, Esq. Edmund Cremere of Snetesham, Esq. Martin Hastyngs of Hindringham, Esq. and John Toft of Norwich.
The assistant ministers were, Mr. Will. Bridges, John Brinsley of Yarmouth, John Martin of Edgefield, John Money of Wimondham, Timothy Armitage of Norwich, Charles Frank of Thetford, Nat. Brewster of Aldby, Edm. Broome of Southreppes, Mr. Breviter, Sam. Smith of Sidestrond or Sistern, Ric. Wells of Fakenham, Mr. Harmer of Saxlingham, Israël Shipdham of Swaffham, Tho. Thorowgood, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Hogan of Lyn, Edw. Corbet, Mr. Collings of Norwich, Mr. Peck of Hingham, John Newton of Great-Dunham, and Will. Hall of Eveningham.
In 1656, on Sunday, July 20, about five in the evening, was a most terrible tempest of thunder and lightning, with hail stones as big as pullets eggs, which did great hurt to the corn, glass windows, &c. to the value of 3000l. in the city and adjacent country. The late Lord Bishop Hall deceased, gave 20l. to the city poor.
In 1657, the Lord Protector Cromwell being proclaimed in London with great solemnity on July 1, on the 10th following he was proclaimed here, the mayor justices and aldermen, riding in scarlet gowns, and the sheriffs in violet gowns, attended by two trumpeters, and two companies of volunteers, and the city waits; the whole company were gallantly entertained at the mayor's.
In 1658, Sept. 3, the grand Usurper died, on which day the wind was so very high, that much damage was clone in many places: and on the 7th of the same instant, the mayor received letters intimating his death, and ordering,
Richard Cromwell, his eldest son, to be proclaimed Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland; upon which the court assembled at 2 in the afternoon, in scarlet, and attended by the sheriffs and two companies of the militia, proclaimed him according to the form prescribed by the council.
24 Dec. Christ. Pooley came into court, and openly declared, that the Lord's day is not to be sanctified or kept holy, but that the Saturday is the Sabbath, and ought to be kept, calling the Lord's day an idol day, and openly charged the justices on the bench, of injustice, &c. and in like manner did several others, calling the rulers of the nation Antichristians, and the magistrates of the city, limbs of the beast.
Dec. 14, the necessities of the poor were allowed by the court to be so great for lack of work, sicknesses, and diseases, occasioned by want, and the severity of the season, that they were forced to gather at all the church doors for their support every time there was service; to such misery had these unhappy divisions brought not only this place but the greatest part of the kingdom.
Mayors And Sheriffs.
Burgesses In Parliament.
1649, Ric. Harman, (fn. 5) Ric. Catlyn, Esqrs. members in the long parliament.