An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 4, the History of the City and County of Norwich, Part II. Originally published by W Miller, London, 1806.
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(134) St. Martin in Coslany,
Commonly called St. Martin at the Oak, from a large oak with the image of our Lady, in it, which stood in its churchyard; it stands on the east side of Coslany-street leading to St. Martin's-gates; the steeple is square, and hath three bells, the nave, chancel, south porch, and south isle, are all covered with lead; and it appears by the following inscription on a brass plate, lying at the very entrance of the chancel, that the isle was built by Thomas Wilkyns, Alderman of Norwich, who died in 1491.
Orate pro anima Thome Wilkyns nuper Cibis et Aldermanni Nar lnici, qui istam clam sumptibus suis propriis de novo in ommbus fieri fabricabit, et idem Thomas obiit xxviijo die Januarii Ao Dni. MoCCCColxxxxj. cuius Anime propicietur Deus.
I find the following persons interred in the south isle, beginning at the west end. Mary Dr. of Christopher and Frances Richardson, 26 Febr. 1631. Anne their Dr. 20 Mar. 1632, Chris. Richardson 20 Sept. 1733, 24. Frances Richardson March 24, 1734, 3.
Orate pro anima Bricii Skow (fn. 1)cuius anime propicietur Deus Amen.
Tho. Tawell Esq; 5 May 1724, 52. Next lies a flat stone over the Revd. Mr. Jeremiah Revans, and Mary his wife, for whom there is a large monument erected against the north wall, upon the altar part of which, is placed a desk, with their effigies in white marble on each side, a book lying before each of them; on the wall opposite to the woman who is placed on the east side, is this,
In hope of a happy Resurrection, in the Ile lie interr'd the Bodies of Abra the affectionate Mother, Feb. 16, 1691. George the indulgent Father, Sept. 9, 1700. Mary Dr. of James Margery Gent. the most loving, pious, vertuous, and meek wife of Jeremiah Revans Clerk, Oct. 1st, 1711, who in Honour to her blessed Memory, hath given three Pounds per Annum, for the Education of poor Girles, with other charitable Donations.
Mary wife of John Girling, 5 April, 1687, 23. waighting for the second Coming of the Lord. Eliz. their Dr. 7 April 1686, an Infant. Martha Girling 20 March 1687. Ann 28 July 1688. Mary, Aug. 10, 1691. Mary, March 27, 1692. Mr. John Girling 27 Oct. 1715, 57.
She lies buried on the north side of the chancel, and hath a large
brass plate fixed in the wall to her memory, on which is this,
Under this Stone lieth buried the Bodyes of Mr. John Bungen, and of Agnes his Wife, which John departing this Life, yelded his Soul to God the bith of December Anno 1557, after that he had libed lbiii Yeres fower Meclis, one Day, and and his Wief Agnes lybing after him rrb Peres FFF Weekes, Yelded her Soule also to God, the rith of Julye Ao 1582, being 96 Yeres and 24 Wekes old, who in her last Will and Testament, did gyhe and bequeath to the Parishyoners of this Parish, a Tenement sometymes Robert Derrolds, to have and to hold to them and to their Assignes, upon these Conditions following; that is, if the yerely Rebeneme and Profit thereof, rising a growing, shal and man be employed toward the Maintenance and repayring of the saide Church, so long as the same shall contyneme a Parishe Church, and a Sermon to be made by a learned Preacher for eber, upon the riith of Tulye, being the Day in the which she mas buried; and also, that then do repayer from Time to Time sufficientlie, the said Vowse, with th' Appurtenances, otherwise to reberte to her right heires for eber.
Mr. Jeremiah Revans, rector of East-Tuddenham, gave 4l. 10s. for ever, towards educating six poor girls of this parish, and for a yearly commemoration sermon for his wife, and for bread to the poor There is an estate in the parish tied for the payment of it.
Mr. William Nockells of London, Gent. in his lifetime gave 15l. 5s towards erecting the altar-piece; 10l. for communion plate; a purple communion cloth; 100l. towards procuring Queen Anne's bounty o the curacy of this parish; and another 100l. raised by the parishioners of this parish, and other well-disposed people's contributions, procured the said augmentation in 1723, which was appropriated accordingly.
On the south side of the chancel, on a mural monument of white
Sacred to the Memory of ROB. BENE Esq; who was born and died as mentioned on the Marble near this place, which covers his Remains.
These two periods of Life are common to him and all Men, but he had many Vertues, in which he had not many Partners; his Industry render'd him wealthy; his Integrity, Liberality & Munificence. esteem'd; his Affection to his Friends, and his Benevolence to all Men belov'd; and his Death lamented; these excellent Qualities which adorn'd his Life, recommended him to the Favour of his Fellow Citizens, and he was elected one of the Sheriffs in the Year 1694, Alderman 1708, Mayor of this City, and one of the Representatives in Parliament 1710. As his Example is worthy Imitation, let this short but true Remembrance, excite latest Posterity to follow so good a Pattern.
Juxta Cineres Parentum depositæ sunt Reliquiæ Matthei Nall Armigeri, qui jute municipali ex Ephebis Exercitatus, rerum Prudentiam morum Integritati conjunxit, unde Civium Suffragijs in Senatorum ordinem cooptatus, Tribunitia potestate & Prætoris Officio Functus, Vitam deinde egit modestam, placidam, quietam, morte' ec absimih supremum diem clausit, natus Ao. 1655, denatus Ao. 1721.
On a mural monument in the churchyard, on the north side,
John Hale Senior, 25 Nov. 1706, and 5 young Children. Also the Body of the ingenious Hen. Hale, master of the Mathematicks, Son of the said John Hale, 15 Nov. 1723, 28.
And the same arms are on a mural monument against the south chancel wall; Newton's crest is, on a torce sab. and arg. a blackmoor clad in blue, kneeling; in his right hand a scymitar drawn or, his left hand by his side on his scymitar's scabbard, which hangs on a belt or, on his head is a crown or.
Sacred to the memory of THOMAS NEWTON Esq; and REBECCA his affectionate wife, who lived many Years the principal Inhabitants of this Parish, and whose Remains are deposited in a Vault between the Rails of the Communion Table and the Wall, to which this Monument is affixed. He was a Man well and deservedly beloved, and as a mark of it, successively elected Sheriff and Alderman, and in the year 1722, Mayor of this City; which Offices he discharged with Integrity and peculiar Generosity; Nor is she less to be remembred in her Station, being endowed with all social Vertues, and a Pattern of conjugal and parental Affections: She died the eighth Day of February, and he did not long survive the Loss, exchanging this Life for a better, the eleventh Day of July 1738.
Not out of Ostentation, nor to flatter the Deceased, is this Marble erected, and this Inscription recorded, but this short commemorative Recitall, to testifye the Duty and Gratitude of the Living, to their indulgent Parents.
There is a stone in the south isle, under which Sam. Ridgewell
Gent. was interred in 1742, aged 23. and another by the font for John
Lyng, 1740, 67. on which is this,
Although I am mouldering here to Dust, In Christ is all my Hope and Trust, My Change was sudden, without Surprise, By my Example, learn to be wise.
There is a headstone in the churchyard for, John Brooks, who departed this Life all in a watery grave, Sept. 1, 1742, 21. and Isaac Wolfery with him, they being both drowned in Fuller's hole. (fn. 2)
Persons buried in this church, for whom there are no memorials remaining, are, Joan Clerk, widow, who was buried by John Clerk, her husband, in 1466. John Reynolds in 1503, who gave 40s. towards new leading the church, and two silver candlesticks for the altar. Tho. Richeman, worsted weaver, he gave 40s. a pair of silver chalices, and a vestment of 4 marks value, and had this on a brass, formerly to be seen here,
In 1513, John Buxton, worsted weaver, (fn. 3) was buried in the churchyard "before the image of our Lady in the Oke, and gave to our Lady in the Oke 6d. This was a famous image of the Virgin Mary, placed in the oak, which grew in the churchyard, so as it was seen by all that passed in the street; from whence the church took the name of St. Martin at the Oak, it being always before, called St. Martin in Coste-lane, or Coselany, (fn. 4) the whole part of the city from Blackfriars-bridge, or New bridge, to St. Martin at the Oak-gates, being so called, because it lies on the coste of the river: now it seems this oak and image began to be of remark about the time of Edward II. for then I find it first called ate the Oke. What particular virtue, this good lady had, I do not know, but certain it is, she was much visited by the populace, who left many gifts in their wills, to dress, paint, and repair her; at the coming of Edw. VI. to the crown, she was dismounted, and I am apt to believe the poor oak, also cut down, least that should be visited for her ladyship's sake, for the present oak, which now grows in the place, hath not been planted a hundred years, as appears by the parish register in these words, "I John Tabor, constable and overseer, did bring the Oak from Rannerhall near Horning ferry, before me on my horse, and set it in the churchyard of St. Martin of Coselany, I set it March 9. 1656." Then also the rich vestments and plate, were sold, and the money laid out to fye the river. (fn. 5) 1534, Will. Alleyn, worsted weaver, gave a pall of baudekyn.
This rectory was appropriated to the infirmary of Norwich priory, and paid 3d. synodals, was exempt from the archdeacon of Norwich, being valued at 12s. and taxed at half a mark. The tithes of Basset's close, and a third part of the tithes of that part of Gilden-croft, lying within the bounds of this parish, were due to the rector here and the mortuary was the best beast; it seems to have been appropriated by Bishop Blundeville, with the consent of Ric. de Redham, the last rector, who had a grant of it for life, paying 10s. per annum to the infirmary, which was confirmed by the Bishop and the Pope. And from that time, it hath been a perpetual curacy or donative, and is now in the donation of the dean and chapter of Norwich. It was returned formerly into the Exchequer, to be "an appropriation of the dean and chapter, the curate's stipend being 20 marks;" but now the curate hath only the income of the estate purchased with the augmentation money, and the surplice fees and voluntary contributions, amounting in the whole to about 40l. per annum.
In 1460, Sir John Feltwell was parish chaplain. 1492, Sir
Thomas Cawne, alias Plowman, D. D. was buried in the chancel,
and had a stone laid over him with the sacramental cup and wafer
upon it, with the name of Jesus inscribed thereon, and under it this,
Orate pro anima Thome Plawman Capellani ruius anime propicietur Deus Amen..
John Prentis, chaplain here, was also buried with this, Orate pro anima Johannis Prentis Capellani i will Prentis. 1638, Robt. Kent, S. T. B. (fn. 6) who had been minister here 45 years, died 3 June, and was succeeded by Henry Spendlove, (a relation of Prebend Spendlove,) (fn. 7) he was ejected, and after two or three intruders, at the Restoration, Mr. Pew was appointed curate, and after him Mr. Studd, who was succeeded by Mr. Peter Burgess, and he by Dr. Will. Herring, at whose resignation it was given to
The Rev. Mr. Ephraim Megoe, (fn. 8) the present  curate, who holds it with St. John Sepulchre in Berstreet. (See p. 138.)
There were images with lights, either lamps or wax tapers, burning before them, of St. Martin, St. Thomas, our Lady of Pity, St. John Baptist, St. Christopher, St. Anthony, and a chapel, altar, image, and light of St. Mary at the east end of the south isle.
The religious concerned here were, the Prior of Norwich, who had a messuage held by Sir John Norwich, Knt. (fn. 9) and after by Sir John Fastolf, and was called Stone-Hall. The Prioress of Carrow, the Master of St. Giles's hospital; the Prior of Walsingham had two messuages and gardens granted to John Peckover, and Will. Wood. The Prioress of Symplyngham's temporals were taxed at 10s.
In 1637, a dwelling-house under the walls, was granted to Marg. Gibson, widow, searcher of the infected poor, to hold during the pleasure of the court, and not otherwise, because it is intended, that that house shall continue for the only dwelling of such a searcher, when need shall be. 1343, Sir Barth. de Heylesden gave 6d. a year out of his messuage here, to the city to maintain Coslany-bridge, which had many other rents appropriated for that purpose.
Directly opposite to the lane on the north side of St. Martin's churchyard, called anciently Whores-lane, was the Mill-lane, which led directly to Calk-mill; which mill, with the fishery thereto belonging, from the Conquest, belonged to the manor of Horseford; one of the ancient lords of which, granted a yearly rent out of it to the Prioress of Carrow, before 1287, for that year, the Prioress received 40s. for arrears of rent due from it. In Edward the Third's time, Sir Robert de Benhale, Knt. held the 3d part of the mills and manor of Horsford, in right of the lady Eve, daughter of Eve de Clavering, his then wife. (fn. 10) In 1394, the tithes of this mill were paid to the keeper of the Infirmary, in right of the appropriated rectory of St. Martin. In 1518, Lord D'acres, lord of Horsford, owned it, and was then seized of the fishery belonging to the mill, which was then set out by them and the corporation, and it extended from the mill to the bank of the close late of Rob. Thorp; before that of Gregory Clerk, after of Edm. Clerk, and late of Hamond Linsted; and in 1539, the lord of Horsford granted that fishery to be held of his manor of Horsford, to Alderman Nic. Sywatt (who then owned the closes) and his heirs, for ever; and in 1637, the jury for Horsford manor returned, "that they had credibly heard Calk-mill to be seated at or next the house called the Crown, in St. Martin in Coslany.
(135) St. Mary in Coslany
Was a rectory appropriated to the prior and convent of Cokesford in Norfolk, who received all the profits, and found a secular canon belonging to their house to serve the cure. He resided generally in the parsonage-house, which stood against the north-east part of the churchyard, and after the appropriation became the city house of the priors and canons of that monastery, to resort to, when either business or pleasure called them hither; the garden which belonged to it was very large, (fn. 11) and abutted on Whores-lane north; it was valued at 5 marks and an half, taxed at 20s. first paid 3d. and afterwards 6d. synodals. At the Dissolution, the advowson of the rectory, and all the great garden and house, were granted to Thomas Duke of Norfolk and his heirs, from which time it hath been a donative, and it is now in the donation of the Lord Townesend. It hath no certain endowment, other than the 200l. of Queen Anne's bounty, which, with the voluntary contributions, surplice fees, &c. do not exceed 20l. a year in the whole.
1366, John Howes, chaplain. Sir Jeffry Baniard, who was buried before the font in 1416. Robert Mayo, on whose brass is this, Orate pro anima Domini Roberti Maya, quondam huius Ecclesie Capellani Parachialis, qui obiit rrii die Aug. Ao Christi. 1503. By will dated 1502, he ordered to be buried in the chancel, and gave 4 large wax tapers to burn about his herse, and then to be given to the alderman and brethren of Corpus Christi gild; and each brother present at his dirige, to have 4d. and gave a vestment of blue silk, another of white damask, with a cross of rich red or blue tissue. 1518, Henry Mowndford, was buried in the chancel, and gave a gilt silver chalice, two silver paxbredes, his best corporas with a red velvet case bordered with ihesvs in gold letters, and a printed mass-book and little processionary; and 9 marks a year for two years, and founded a certain for seven years, "I will that my Place lying in the Church-yard of the said Parishe of St. Marie, (fn. 12) the Churche Wardens for the Tyme beyng for ever, shall receyve the yerely Profites & Fermes of the said Place, upon this Condicion folowyng, that is to say, that yerely for evyr, the Churche Wardens shall kepe, or do to be kepte, in the said Churche of St. Marie, myn Obyte Day, and that they shall with the Profightes cummyng of the same Place yearly, pay to the Curate of the saide Churche for his Labor, seyinge Dirige & Masse for my Sowle, the Sowles of my Father and Mother, and all Cristen Sewles, 5d." (fn. 13) a candie of wax weighing 4 ounces, to be set yearly upon his herse on his obit day, and to 5 poor men to sit that day about his herse, 1d. each, and to the parish clerk and sexton, to ring a peal on his obit or yereday, 8d, and if this be not duly performed, the prior of the monastery of our Lady at Coxford was to have the premises, and perform it; "provided alway, that the seyd Church-Wardeyns for the Tyme beying, and x or xii honest Men of the said Parishe of St. Mary, shall stond enfeffid in the said Mese to the eutent before rehersyd, and at every xxti Yere end, a new Astate, to be taken in maner and Forme aforeseid."
"Item, I will have a Stone of Marble with j Epitaphy in Verses, which I have wretyn in a Bil, to the Price of 46s. 8d. or more, to lye upon my Grave;" and it is still there with the verses on a brass plate;
Henrici Tumulum Mounteforth, Precor, aspice tutum, Ouisquis eris, qui transieris, sta, perlege, Plora, Sum, quod eris, fueram, quod es, pro me, pcecor, Ora, Et Deus Dmnipotens, qui verbo cuncta creasti, Sis memor, Oro, tui Famuli fragilis sine fine.
1555, Mr. John Elwyn, late chantry priest in St. Michael of Coslany. 1604, Will. Inman, curate, by donation of the Earl of Berkeley. 1625, Will. Allenson, licensed curate, on the donation of Sir Roger Townsend. 1662, Gabriel Wright.
Hic iacent una Martinus ban kurnbeck, Artium et Medicine, Doctor, et Joanna Uror sua, de Parochia et Cibitate hac nuper defuncti, qui Martinus obiit rro Februarii 1578, et Johanna ter tio Septembris 1579. In quorum Memoriam Fidelis sibi Men Regine Eraminator, crecutor Testamenti dicte Johanne, opus culum hoc fieri fecit.
On a mural monument on the south side of the chancel, are the effigies of a man with two sons behind him, and a woman with one daughter behind her, with a faldstool between them, and a book before each of them, and the arms and crest of
Sic fuit exorsû primo, Natura Pusilla, Sic fuit auspicijs serpens, sic parvulus Hyrnus, Mox fuit erectus, ut pinea Tæda corruscans, Altus, Honoratus, Firmus, sic Pinus in Hortis; Nunc jacet immotus, quem vestit terra quiescens, Sed vestit Cœlum melius Christus que, Precator.
Here lyeth buried the Body of Clement Hyrne, late Citisen and Alderman of this Citty of NORWICH, who had bene once Maior of this Citty, he dyed 23 Sept. 1596. He had issue by Margaret his first Wife, 2 Sonnes, Thomas and Xpofer; and one Dr. named Susan. He was a good benefactor to the Poore of this Parish. The said Margaret died the 13 of June, 1584.
He gave a tenement which stands directly opposite to the Millpassage-gate in Coslany-street, (now in the possession of Mr. John de la Hay,) to be let to farm by the church-wardens, 30s. of which is divided among the poor every Christmas and Easter, the one half of the residue is to repair the church, and the other half the houses. Part of this house to the value of 40s. per annum, was given by Jane Manfield, widow.
Tho. Westwood 1699, 60. Abraham his Son 1699, 31. Alderman Henry Brady 1688, 55. Mary his Wife 1714, 78, he left one Daughter married to Rob. Schuldham, M. D. of Kettleston in Norf. in a Vault lie Mary Wife of Thomas Postle, Grandaughter of the said Henry & Mary Brady, & Daughter of the said Doctor Rob. Schuldham. 1730, 49. Mr. Thomas Postle 1739, 59. Francis Pyke 1681. In the rails are buried Mat. Coates, he died 1703, 33, & 2 children. Mary Wife of Joseph Parker 1685, 60.
There is a handsome gilt cup and cover, on which, Saynct Marye of Coselanye Ao 1569. A neat patin Ao 1736. On a fine large chalice, Deo optimo Maximo, humillimè dicatur, in usum Stæ Eucharistæ in Ecclesiâ Sanctæ Mariæ in Norvico Ao Dni. 1728.
1444, Alice late Wife of John Alderford, was buried by her husband's tomb in the church. 1464, Gregory Draper Alderman, was buried in the south transept, which was then not quite finished, towards perfecting of which, he gave 26s. 8d. His stone hath this on a brass, and their effigies, and 7 sons and 5 daughters. He gave a house in this parish, to John Norman, Esq.
Ecce sub hoc Lapide Gregorius crtat humatus, Quondam Merrator pius, ar tnupum Kelebator, Consensu Turbe, Maior bis, in hac fuit urbe, Annis Mo Co quarter, decies ser, bis quoque binis, Serto kalendarum fuit Aprilis sibi finis; vic quisquis steteris ipsum precibus memor eris, Sponsam definctam simul Aliciam sibi Functam.
1464, Rob. Wood, buried before the Virgin of Pity, and was a
benefactor to the south cross isle, which was called the Chapel of the
Virgin Mary. 1466, Alice Nyche, gave a legacy to lead the vestry,
which was then new built; and was buried in the church by Walter
Nyche her late husband. 1465, Henry Toke was buried in the north
cross isle, on his brass is this, Orate pro anima Denici Johe, Libis
Norwici, Cooke, cuius anima propicieur Deus. He founded a candle
to burn before the Holy Sepulchre, from Good Friday to the Resurrection, as the use and custom is, of 5l. weight; a candle before 'the
Pyte,' another before the principal image of our Lady, and another
before St. Thomas the Secundary, of the said church, to burn yearly at
service time, as custom is; he gave x. marks towards finishing St.
Thomas chapel, or the north cross-isle. 1466, John Hall buried in
the porch, 1467, Will. Reyner buried by his father's tomb. 1479,
Margaret, Wid. of Ric, Courdon. 1482, John Howard, buried in
the churchyard, and gave a legacy to make a door into the chancel.
1493, Eliz. widow of John Knowte, buried in the church by her husband, and gave 5l. to make a silver foot to the cross that her husband
gave; she was buried by St. Anne's altar, a priest to sing at that
altar 4 years, the first year for her own soul, the 2d for John Ellis
her son, the third for the soul of Tho. Elys, her husband, and the 4th
for John Knowte, her husband. 1497, Edw. Howse, gave a damask
vestment. There is a loose brass which came off a stone in the nave,
on which is this, Die iacet corpus Agnetis Franceys Vidue, quondam
Filie Johannis Dentom cruis anima propcietur Deus. By will dated
1501, she desired to be buried by her mother Margaret Denton, and
ordered John Franceys her husband to buy a jewel of 20 marks value,
for the church. 1505, Geffrey Whitlake, Barker, ordered a glass
window of 40s. value, to be made by Mary Mawdelyn, on the south
side of the church. 1511, John Norman, alderman. Tho. Chaunte
was buried by the font, whose brass, though much worn, hath this,
Orate pro animabus Thome Chaunte Aldermanni istius Cibitatis, ac Johanne Uroris sue prime, qui quidem Thomas obiit iiiio die Octob. Ao Dni. Mo hC ri. quorum animabus propicietur deus. 1522, Will. Philip, Baker, gave 5 marks to repair the church, and a ship of silver. 1524, John Moone gave x. marks for a vestment. 1531, John Halston 5l. There were in this church, the principal image of the Virgin Mary, in its usual place, viz. north of the altar, at the east end, and in the north wall was the sepulchre of our Lord, as usual in most churches, the image of St. Thomas the Secundary, or second patron of the church, was in his chapel, as also the image of St. John Baptist; in our Lady's chapel, on the south side was the image and altar of St. Mary, and the images of Mary Magdalen, St. Anne, and the Virgin of Pite; these had all lights before them, as well as the image and altar of the Holy Trinity, which stood at the west end of the nave on the north side; over which is the following inscription cut in stone:
I find this Tho. de Lincolnia or Lincoln, was a wealthy tanner that lived in this parish, and was owner of a house in St. George of Colegate in the year 1292. In 1275, he was one of the bailiffs of the city, and again in 1281; he died about 1298, and is buried before this altar.
On a brass against the east side of the north chapel, Mrs. ANNE CLAXTON here inter'd doth lye, Whose Vertuous Lyfe, a livinge Prayes did merrit, Hir Faith, Religion, Grace, & Charritye, Hath crownde hir Sowle, with what the Sayntes inherit, Full fower-score Years, She lived exempte from Blame, Preserving safe her Reputation's Name, From Worshippe's Race She did at first descend, And Claxton's Name did well that Worthe adorne, By whom whilst Heaven unto her, Lyfe did lend, Nine Sonnes, five Daughters, to this Worlde were borne, The first of August, one thousande, six hundred, & five, She dyed, let still hir Virtues Prayes survive.
Other persons buried here are, Philp Dyball 1712, 57. Sarah his wife 1741, 77. Sam. Watson, 1695, 46. James son of Peter Verbeeke merchant 1633, and Peter Verbeeke merchant 1629, 44. Alice Kinge a virgin, Dr. of John and Kath. Kinge 1570. Tho. Dowe Frances his wife 1521, on whose souls Jesus have mercy.
In a glass window. er. a saltier ingrailed betwen four croslets gul. On the roof, Rookwood, with a mullet for difference. Er. on a chevron sab. two lions combatant or and sab. a chevron between three lions rampant ar. On the pulpit, Herne impales Davy. On the font are the arms of England, France, Scotland. Ireland, St. George, Norwich city, and gul. a cross floré parted per cross arg. and sab.; and anciently an anchoress called St. Anne's anchoress resided in this churchyard.
Thomas Malby, alderman, died in 1558, (see Pt. I. p. 272, 8.) "Item, I will that the Mayor of the said Cittye for the Tyme beyng, withe the too Shreves, and certeyne of the Aldermen, shall ones in the Year, cawse an Obyte to be Songe in St. Maryes Church in Coslany, where my Body lyethe buried, to pray for my Soul and all my Frends, and that the Chamberlains of the City for the Time being, shall bestowe 20s. every yere at the Day appointed, by the Advice of the Mayor, Shereves, and the more part of the Aldermen, and this to be continued for ever, for the Welthe of my Soul to God's most high Pleasure." 3s. used to be distributed to St. Martin's at Oak, 2s. to St. Michael Coslany, and 5s. to the poor of this parish.
Cecily Wingfield, widow, about 1586, gave her arable close of
ten acres by Norwich walls adjoining to the city, extending from St.
Martin's to St. Austin's-gates,
"To the Use and Behoof, Relief and Comfort of the poor People, from Time to Time, being in the said Parish of St. Mary, for ever." It is copyhold of Tolthorp cum Felthorp manor, which belongs to the see. In 1725, Mr. Mathew Bretingham, paid the sum of 30l. (fn. 14) to the parish, for which the feoffees surrendered the premises to him and his heirs, chargeable for ever, with a clear annual rentcharge of 6l. 10s. to the parish, to be applied to the use of her will; and now he hath built a new house upon it, with convenient gardens, &c.
The religious concerned here were, the Prior of Weybrigge, the Prior of Norwich, who had divers houses and rents given to the almoner, by Ric. de Horsted, Joceline de Norwich, chaplain Ralf de Heynford, and others.
(136) The Church of St. Michael in Coslany,
Commonly called St. Miles in Coslany, stands more south in the same street, and is a rectory valued at 13l. 6s. 8d. in the King's Books, and being sworn of the clear yearly value of 11l. 12s. 2d. it is discharged of first fruits and tenths. Dr. Prideaux valued it at 14l. endowment, and 20l. voluntary contribution, in his time: there is a parsonage-house, and garden, not far from the north side of the churchyard, the houses which stand between them, belong to Caius college, (fn. 15) and the house, voluntary contributions, augmentation, (fn. 16) &c. is said to amount to about 70l. per annum.
1414, John Faukes was presented by John and Walter Daniel, citizens of Norwich, who purchased of John Ocle, half an acre of ground called Gundell's half acre in Ocle-field, to which this patronage is appendant, and John Frythe, vicar, was named in the deed. And in
Anno Milleno C quater, totque ad et X quoque bino: Altari summo Tabulam prebet er alabastro, De precio Magno, cupiens Laus hinc fore Christo, Orridui Parte Fenestram fecit honeste, Ordinis Angelici, nec non ter Nomine Trini.
1464, Tho. Drantale or Drantall, A. M. who was buried in the chancel in 1501. He was presented by Sir Thomas Boleyn, or Bollen, divine, master or warden of Gonvile-hall in Cambridge. Geffry Chaumpeneys, vicar of St. Stephen's, Thomas Boleyn, junr. John Burgeyn and George Munford, and this Sir Thomas it was, that after much trouble, got the advowson settled on the college, for in
1501, 12 Jan. John Barly or Barlie, S. T. P. though he was then master of Gonvile hall, was presented by the master and scholars of Gunwile hall in Cambridge, and died rector in 1503, and was succeeded in
1513, William Bokenham, S. T. P. succeeded to the rectory and mastership, and was a great benefactor to the college and living, for he rebuilt the parsonage-house, adorned the church, &c. He was vice-chancellor in 1509, and died here in the 81st year of his age, Ao 1540, having resigned his mastership to John Skypp, D. D. in 1536. Nic. Bokenham, his brother, was a great benefactor to the college.
1561, John Elwyn, the last chantry priest here, was presented, by John Caius, the master, and fellows of Gonvile and Caius college in Cambridge, who presented all the following rectors, the patronage being in that college at this day. Elwyn was buried here.
Orate pro animabus Gregorii Clerk, quondam Cibis t Aldermanni Norwici, qui obiit rrviio die Oct. Ao. Dni. Moccccolrriro et pro anima Agnetis quondam Uroris eiusdem Gregorii, postea Uroris Roberti Thorp Cibis et Aldermanni Norwici que quidem Agnes obiit rvo die Oct. Ao Dni. Mocccccoiiio.
At the east end of this isle, is a chapel of beautiful workmanship, made with freestone and black flints; this is the chantry chapel of the Virgin Mary, which was built and endowed with lands and houses, in Norwich, Barnham-Broom, Hunningham, Sprowston, Heigham, and Wood-Dallyng, by Robert Thorp, (fn. 17) the founder, in the time of Hen. VII. He lies buried here, under a stone which hath his own effigies, and those of his three wives, and three boys and two girls, but the inscription is lost, though the most part of it is preserved by Mr. Weever, fo. 803. It had the arms of Thorp, az. three crescents arg. on the first shield, and the same arms impaled with those of his three wives, his second wife's arms remain, viz. a fess nebulé between three wolves head's erased.
Pray for the Sowl of Robart Thorp Gentilman, Citezen and Alderman of Norwich, Founder of this Chappyll and Ile, with a Chantrie Prest; be to sing perpetually for the Soul of Robart Thorp, the Sowls of Elyzabeth, Emme, and Agnes Sowls, his Wyfls; the sowl of John Thorp, his kindryd sowls, and al Cristen sowls: the which Robart th yer M. ccccc.
The several chantry priests that served here, are buried in this chapel, the first of which was Sir Richard Walloure, or Waller, by his will dated 1505, (fn. 18) he ordered these lines to be fixed to a marble, and laid over him, as they now remain:
Ao. 1524, Robert Long, citizen of Norwich, and Agnes his wife, gave to Gonvile-hall in Cambridge, the perpetual donation to this chantry, on condition, they constantly nominated an honest priest, or fellow of their college, to reside constantly in the house belonging to Thorp's chantry priest in Norwich, (fn. 19) and daily to serve the said chantry.
Sir John Elwyn, who afterwards became rector here, was the last chantry priest, and had a pension for life of 6l. 13s. 4d. out of the revenues of his chantry, all which were granted by Edw. VI. Ao 1547, to Sir Edward Warner, Knt. (fn. 20) and Ric. Catline, Gent. and their heirs, who in 1549, sold the whole to John Welsh. It was valued to the tax at 8l. 2s. 6d. per annum.
In 1540, Tho. Atkin, vicar of Mutford, and Margery Hore of the same town, gave 48l. apiece, to Gonvile-hall, to buy lands of the value of 4l. per annum, the same Thomas gave also Pain's close in Worlingham in Suffolk, of 40s. per annum for stipends for three scholars of the diocese of Norwich, 35s. per annum, who are to be chosen by the master and two senior fellows.
"Now hear a Word or two (saith Weever) of the Name Hore. I find saith Verstegan this antiently written Hure, and I find Hure to be also written for the word Hire; and because that such incontinent Women do often lett their Bodies to Hire, this Name was therefore aptly applied unto them. It is in the Netherlands written Hoer, but pronounced Hoor, as wee yet pronounce it, tho' in our later English Ortography (I know not with what Reason) some write it Whore. I find many of this Sirname of good Note, and speciall Regard, in many Places in this Kingdom."
The nave is covered with lead, and is said to have been rebuilt by
John Stalon, who was sheriff in 1511, and Stephen Stalon, who served
that office in 1512, and lies buried at the west end, with this,
Orate pro anima Stephani Stalon, quondam Uiceromitis Civi- tatis Norwici, gue obiit iiiio die Februarii Ao Dni: 1527, cuius anime propicietur deus Amen.
Alderman Henry Scolhouse, is also said to have been a benefactor,
who lies buried in the nave with this,
Orate pro animabus Kenrici Scolows, quondam Aldermanni Cibi tatis Norwici, et Alice consortis sue, quidem Henricus obiit xxv die Der. Ao. dni. Mo. hC xvo.
This on a loose brass, (fn. 21)
Of your charyte pray for the soules of Mr. Rafe Dylkyns, sum tyme Maner of this Cyte, which dyed in the yere of our Lorde 1535, And also of Mr. Brayan Tailor sumtyme one of the Auditors of the King's Erchequer, which also dyed in the Yere of Lorde 1555. and Anne sumtyme Wyfe to them both. Of ther Fathers and Mothers Souls, and all Christen Souls, God have mercy, Amen.
The north isle and chantry chapel of St. John the Baptist, were built by Will. Ramsey, who lies buried in his chapel under a large altar tomb robbed of all its brasses, except his merchant's mark, and the initial letters of his name on each side it, and on the window are two rams and an A, as a rebus for Ramsa or Ramsey; he was sheriff in 1498, and mayor in 1502 and 1508, in which year the chapel was finished; in 1504, Will. Herte, chaplain here, desired to be buried on the north side of the church, within the precinct of the new ele, there to be edified, and ordered a gravestone to be laid over him, which is now disrobed of its brasses. In 1505, Agnes Parker was buried in this chapel, by John Ebbes, her late husband, and settled a rent charge out of her tenement to find a lamp before the rood.
In 1513, Sir John Cleyton was chantry priest and curate here. (fn. 22)
This Robert Harridans, who is said to be master of arts, bachelor of physick, mercer and citizen of Norwich, was a physician of note in those days, and was not a mercer by trade, but only free of the mercers company in London.
Mr. Henry Fawcett (fn. 23) that great benefactor to the city, and this parish, (see Pt. I. p. 368, 9,) died 1619, and was buried in the north chapel; his tomb is now broken through to make a passage into the vestry; his arms on a bend three dolphins with a crescent gul. for difference, still remain.
There is an inscription on a board standing in the vestry, which formerly hung by Fawcet's tomb, round which is a vine springing from the bottom, with leaves and bunches of grapes, between which are 24 labels, with inscriptions on them:
Stay Reader here, and e're a Foot thou pass, See what thou art, and what once Fawcit was, Whose Body resteth in the Earthly Bed, But heavenly Soule, to Heaven it's home, is fled: What in his Life he did, Behold! the Root, Body, Branches, and afterward the Fruit, Of him that lived by his Godly care, Of him that died with a heavenly fear, For look, how many Branches here you see, So many Hands imagine, hath this Tree, Not dealing Pence, unto the poor around, But Royally imparting, by the Pound, Oh! England, might in every City be, So brave a Vine, so beautifull a Tree, To check the base, and viler Shrubs below, Who now on Earth, unprofitable grow, But Fawcit, now thou art in lasting Fame, Let Rich admire thee, Poor, will bless thy Name, In Earth thy Body Sleep, thy Soul above, With Angeis rest, in Charity and Love, And Norwich mourn thy loss, not like to See, Hereafter, such another, like to thee.
In the east window of the south isle, a bear's head erased sab. muzzled arg. a crescent or, Ao Dni. 1577. In the east window of the north isle, the deanery impales a castle, on a chief sab. a mitre or, between three snakes or, and a cinquefoil for difference. This was the arms and rebus of Dean Castleton; see Pt. I. p 617.
There were in this church, before the Dissolution, the altar and light of St. William of Norwich before his image. The lights of St. Catherine, St. Margaret, St. Michael, St. Mary Magdalen, St. Anne, St. Christopher, St. John, St. Thomas, and that in the basin before the sacrament, the rood or perke light, the sepulchre light; and those before the images of the Virgin Mary in Thorp's chantry, and of St. John Baptist in Ramsey's chantry.
1498, July 8, it was decreed by the Bishop, that whereas the feast of the dedication of this church (fn. 24) used to be kept the same day with that of the dedication of the cathedral; it should now be altered to Monday after Relique Sunday.
Henry Playford gave 20s. yearly to the rector, to find a lamp continually burning in the chancel before the high-altar; and 31 Henry VIII. Thomas Morley, who owned the tenement that was tied for it, paid it.
St. Saviour's Hospital in Coselany,
And in 1297, Richard de Coselany, fishmonger, conveyed to the founder, a stall in the bread-market, by the stall of the fraternity of St. Mary and St. Augustine. And in 1304, the said King confirmed the foundation, and granted license to hold all the revenues in FrankAlmoign. After which I have met with nothing concerning this hospital.
The religious concerned here were the Priors of Mendham, whose temporals were taxed at 12d.; of Binham 12d.; of Mungè, Mountjoy, or Haverlond 3s. 4d.; of Ixworth 2s.; of Hickling 5s. 11d.; of Westacre 5s.; the Abbots of Holm 2s. 4d.; of Saveyne 18s. 8d.; the Prioress of Carrowe 10s. 8d.; the Prior of Norwich at 7s.
The altar here is lately fitted up handsomely, being laid with the black and white marble which came out of the Earl of Yarmouth's private chapel at Oxnead, and was given by Mr. William Tuck of St. Peter's in Hungate, who purchased it. There are the four Evangelists at length, and a piece of the resurrection, painted by Mr. Heins.
Will. Cockman Esq; Mayor in 1711, died 1733, 82. Sarah his Relict 1735, 75. Anna-Maria Dr. of Charles and Anne Harwood 1723, 3. so soon passeth it away, and we are gone. Maria-Anna another Dr. 1726. Mary their Dr. 1730. Salter their Son 1723. Alice their Dr. 1731.
Hic jacet Maria Uxor Johannis Annyson, quæ obijt 24 die Julij A°. Æt. 29, et Sal. Humanæ 1700. John Annyson her Husband, 1715, 43, and 3 of their children. Sarah his 2d Wife 1738, 56. Daniel son of John Masingbard, Gent. 1701, 25. Mark Masingbard 1704, both born at Thorney Abby in the Isle of Ely.
Browne per bend A. S. three mascles counterchanged, impaling three castles. Crest, a demi-griffin displayed, with a snake twined about its neck. Hic sitæ sunt exuviæ Stephani Browne, cohortis Armigeræ apud Norvicenses, Ducis, qui obijt 14 Maij A. D. 1723. natus annos 37. Juxtaque ejusdem Liberi Quatuor. John Wigget 1720, 76. Abigail his Wife 1719, 66. James their son late of Calthorp, 1734, 53. Tho. Andrews, merchant, 1709, 67.
Mary wife of John Rudsdell 1743, 34. John Whetewr 1655. Anne Dr. of Will. and Jane Maltby of Orston in Nottinghamshire 1717, 29. Mary Hallewijck widow 1661. Richard Skeeles, Gent. and Eliz his wife, dr. of Ric. Drury, Esq. of Bluntisham in Huntingdonshire 1723, 20. Ben. Cobb 1720, 79. Christian 1719, 70.
Robert Mitchell, 20 Years a faithfull Servant to the Salter's of this parish, 1723, 34. John Son of John and Eliz. Richardson 1742, 1. Nathaniel Ragge 1713, 69, Anne his Wife 1734, 77. Charles Verbeeke 1648. Sarah Cook 1707. Susanna Master 1733, 72. Samuel Hasbert late of Stoke Holy Cross, and Lydia his wife, he died 1703, 36, she 1731, 70. Eliz. their Dr. 1733, 43.
Joel Freemoult, born in this Parish, and Judith Dr. of John Shoulder his Wife, born at Canterbury, where they had Issue, 5 Sons and 4 Daughters, 7 whereof do still Survive them, and are living monuments of their paternal Care and Industry, he died 1708, 66, She 1706, 56. Eliz. wife of Sam. son of Sam. Fremoult Brewer, 1743, 25.
Sarah wife of John Day, Dr. of William & Christian Jackson of Carlton Scroop in Lincolnshire 1737, 33. Sarah their Dr. 1732, Bridget their Dr. 1737, 4. Eliz. Filia Josephi Alanson Clerici & Annæ Uxoris 1701. The said Joseph is buried by her, and was Rector of St. Simon & Jude, & died in 1736, æt. 82. See p. 355.
I find by the register these persons were buried in this church. 1559, Mr. Leonard Sotherton. 1571, Serjeant John Mason. 1583, Mrs. Sotherton. 1600, Alderman Christopher Soame & Anne his Wife in 1581. In 1568, Mary Dr. of Mr. Ralph Shelton, and in 1569, Kat. Dr. of Roger Wodehouse Esq. were baptised here.
Stay Passenger, who e're thou art, retard thy Pace, View here the Mem'ry, of a Majestick Race, See here the Emblem of a dying State, Proves clear, that all alike, must stoop to Fate, This Urn, no common Ashes doth contain, The enclosed Majesty, seems Still to Reign, Only being wearied, with the World's Contest, Tamely Retires, here to take it's Rest: And 'tis but Just, that She, who made Religion shine Should in her Temple, still retain a shrine, But least this Monument, Should not display, The greatness of the Jewele, which doth lay Within it, stay yet further, & thou wilt see, The true Import of this Effigie.
Here lies Elizabeth, whose Royal breath, Gave true Religion Life, & false one Death, Whose Zeal & Power join'd, alike to advance, God's Honour, Christians Glory, and Church Ordinance. To say no more; she liv'd, she reign'd, she dy'd, A Christian Queen, fit to be Canoniz'd.
There are memorials also, for John Cornish, Martha Wife of Geo. Wilson 1730, 56. Ambrose, Mary & Anne, their Children. George their Son, who successfully applied himself to Philosophical Inquiries, 1735, 28. John Wignall 1737, 52. Eliz. his Wife 1722, 35. And 2 Children.
ANCIENTLY CALLED HELLE-GATES, (fn. 25)
From their low situation, and the odd appearance that the street leading to these gates hath, to any one that looks down it, from Charyng-Cross; it being a prodigious chasm and declivity, like the entrance of the ancient poets' hell. This was a postern only, till lately, when it was taken down to be made a passage for carriages, since which time it hath never been built, but lies open and in ruins.