A History of the County of Essex: Volume 2. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1907.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
The Augustinian priory of St. James the Apostle, Thremhall, was founded probably about the middle of the twelfth century by Gilbert de Mountfitchet, or possibly by Richard his son. In an account of the Mountfitchet family Gilbert is said shortly before his departure for the Holy Land to have given Thremhall to a Scot called Daniel to build a monastery on. A grant to the canons by Richard is mentioned in a charter to them by his son, Richard the younger. The advowson appears always to have belonged to the manor of Stansted Mountfitchet, descending finally to the De Veres, earls of Oxford, by a settlement made in 1320. (fn. 3)
The temporalities of the priory were valued in the Taxation of 1291 at £17 2s. 11d. yearly; the chief amounts being £3 13s. 6d. in Tendring, £3 10s. 4d. in Manuden, £2 14s. 1d. in Stansted, £1 16s. 4d. in Takeley, £1 13s. 2d. in Farnham and £1 in Hatfield Regis, with smaller sums in Birchanger, Elsenham, Ongar and Hallingbury in Essex, Thorley, Stortford and Brent Pelham in Hertfordshire and in Cambridge. There were also portions of £1 in the church of Birchanger and 13s. 4d. in the church of Berden. The advowson of the church of Stansted was acquired in 1305 and the church appropriated in 1342. (fn. 4)
In 1250 the prior and convent established & chantry (fn. 5) in their church for Master Richard de Wendover, canon of St. Paul's, London 5 in return for which he gave them 40 marks to buy land.
The net value of the priory is given in the Valor as £60 18s. 7½d. yearly, the gross value being £70 19s. 3½d. It was dissolved among the smaller monasteries in 1536, the prior receiving a pension (fn. 6) of £10. An inventory (fn. 7) of the goods in the various chambers and buildings was taken on 16 June, these being valued at £17 2s. 3d., besides cattle worth £8 10s. 4d. and corn worth £14 16s. 8d. The debts due to the house amounted to £11 0s. 11d, and those due by it to £2 13s. 8d. There were 20 ounces of plate, valued at £3 12s, 0d.
The priory was granted (fn. 8) on 21 July in tail male to John Gary and Joyce Walsingham, whom he was about to marry, with all its possessions, including the manors of Thremhall, Engeyneshall in Clacton and Beches in Pelham Furneux, the whole being said to be of the clear yearly value of £61.
Priors of Thermhall
Daniel. (fn. 9)
William, occurs 1202. (fn. 10)
Robert. (fn. 11)
John, occurs 1306. (fn. 14)
William de Shereford, died 1368. (fn. 15)
John de Takeley, elected 1368. (fn. 16)
Richard de Brangtre, resigned 1403. (fn. 17)
John Rokby, died 1438. (fn. 18)