BHO

Townships: Charnock Richard

Pages 204-208

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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CHARNOCK RICHARD

Schernoc, 1288; Chernok Richard, Chernoke, 1292.

This township is bounded on the east and north by the Yarrow; Clancutt Brook on the south divides it from Coppull. The surface reaches heights of 250 ft. or more in several places near the centre, descending somewhat rapidly to the Yarrow. There are several hamlets: Charnock in the south, Charnock Green and Bolton Green to the north, and Dob Brow to the east. The area is 1,945½ acres, (fn. 1) and the population in 1901 numbered 682. (fn. 2)

The principal road is that from Wigan to Preston, which goes north through the middle of the township and has various cross roads, one leading from the village to Chorley. The London and North Western Company's railway from Wigan to Preston crosses the township on the eastern side.

In 1666 the only house of any size was that of John Hoghton, with twelve hearths; the township had eighty-seven hearths chargeable with the tax. (fn. 3)

The soil is a dark loam with subsoil of clay; the land is chiefly in pasture.

The township is governed by a parish council.

Manor

The whole of CHARNOCK RICHARD was within the barony of Penwortham, and was by Warine Bussell given with other manors to Randle son of Roger de Marsey, (fn. 4) and it was therefore held in later times 'of the lords of Leylandshire.' A moiety was, with Shevington and Welch Whittle, granted before 1242 as the fourth part of a knight's fee, held in the year named by the heir of Robert Banastre. (fn. 5) The Charnock part of this estate was soon afterwards given by William Banastre to Henry de Lea (fn. 6); while the moiety not included in it was held by a family which assumed the local surname and in return gave it the distinguishing epithet of Richard. (fn. 7) Hence in 1288 Henry de Lea and Henry de Charnock each held a moiety of William de Ferrers by rents of 5s. and 2s. respectively. (fn. 8)

Henry de Lea in 1284 obtained a royal charter for a market every Friday at his manor of Charnock, and an annual fair on the eve, day and morrow of St. Nicholas; also free warren in his demesne lands. (fn. 9) The market and fair do not seem to have prospered, but the grant of free warren led to the formation of a park, (fn. 10) and the distinguishing name of the Park or Park Hall (fn. 11) for that share of the manor. Like the other Lea manors, it descended to the Hoghtons of Hoghton Tower, (fn. 12) and in 1606 was acquired by Richard Hoghton, an illegitimate son of a former Sir Richard, who had probably settled him there at first. (fn. 13) Richard Hoghton of Park Hall died in 1622 holding the moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard, with various lands, water-mill, dovecote, &c., of Richard Shireburne and Edward Rigby, by the ancient rent of 5s.; also other lands in Welch Whittle, Heskin, Chorley, Euxton and Lancaster. Richard's son Alexander had died before his father, leaving a daughter Anne, twenty-eight years of age, and wife of Thomas Bradley; but Park Hall descended to Richard's younger son William. (fn. 14)

Charnock. Argent on a bend sable three crosslets of the field.

This branch of the family adhered to the Roman Catholic faith, (fn. 15) and William Hoghton zealously espoused the king's cause on the outbreak of the Civil War. He was made a lieutenant-colonel, but fell at the first battle of Newbury in 1643. (fn. 16) The estates were at once sequestered by the Parliament, and in 1652 John, William's son and heir, petitioned for an allowance from his inheritance, as he was 'in no way guilty of delinquency, but was a recusant.' (fn. 17) The estates were, however, sold under the third Confiscation Act of 1652, (fn. 18) but in some way regained. John Hoghton recorded a pedigree in 1664, (fn. 19) and his son William, born in 1659, married the daughter and ultimate heir of Robert Dalton of Thurnham. Their son John took the name and arms of Dalton about 1710, and his descendants have retained possession of Thurnham. (fn. 20) Park Hall, however, was sold by the Daltons in the latter part of the 18th century (fn. 21); in a recovery of 1787 William Jeffreys was tenant of the moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard, with messuages and lands there and in Leyland. (fn. 22) Richard Prescott German was owner in 1836, (fn. 23) Mrs. Alison in 1869 (fn. 24) and Mr. Henry Alison, great-grandson of the purchaser in 1789, is the present owner and reputed lord of the manor. No courts are held, but a number of chief rents are payable. (fn. 25)

Hoghton. Sable three bars argent.
Dalton. Azure a lion rampant guardant within an orle of crosslets argent.

Of the other and possibly superior moiety of the manor but little can be said. Richard de Charnock, who appears in 1242, (fn. 26) had before 1284 been succeeded by Henry son of Thomas de Charnock, (fn. 27) and in 1292 William de Lea and Henry de Charnock were lords of the vill. (fn. 28) In 1304 Adam son of Henry de Charnock was espoused to Joan daughter of Richard de Molyneux of Little Crosby and Speke, (fn. 29) and lands in the latter township remained in the family for some generations. Adam was succeeded by his son Henry, living as late as 1370, who in 1366 granted his lands in Speke to his son William and Margaret his wife. (fn. 30) The succession for some time is uncertain, but in 1427–8 Richard de Hoghton and Henry de Charnock were lords of Charnock. (fn. 31) The next to appear is Robert Charnock, living in 1491 and 1498, (fn. 32) and soon afterwards succeeded by his son William, whose son and heir was Henry. (fn. 33)

Henry Charnock died in 1534 holding the moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard of the Earl of Derby, Lord Mounteagle, and Richard Shireburne in socage by a rent of 2s. 1d.; also lands in Chorley, Speke, Hindley and Much Woolton. The heir was his grandson Thomas, son of Robert Charnock, seventeen years of age. (fn. 34) A pedigree was recorded in 1567. (fn. 35) Thomas Charnock died in 1571 holding the moiety of the manor and other lands, and leaving a son and heir Robert, thirty years old. (fn. 36) John Charnock, a younger son of Thomas, was implicated in the Babington plot, and executed for high treason in 1586, being allowed to hang till he was dead. (fn. 37)

Robert Charnock obtained a general pardon on the accession of James I, but it is not known that he was a recusant. (fn. 38) He married five times, and by his last marriage had a son and heir Thomas, who married Bridget daughter and heir of John Molyneux of Barton-on-Irwell. A pedigree was recorded in 1613, (fn. 39) when Robert, his son Thomas and grandson Robert, aged nine, were all living. Robert Charnock died in 1616 holding the manor as before, and leaving his son Thomas to succeed him. (fn. 40)

Thomas Charnock died in 1648; his son Robert, who had taken part in the second defence of Lathom House in 1645, had had his estates sequestered by the Parliament, and was obliged to compound. (fn. 41) He left a daughter and heir Margaret, who was living in 1732, having survived both her husbands—Richard, younger son of Sir Peter Brooke of Mere, in Cheshire, (fn. 42) and John Gillibrand of Chorley. The moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard descended with the issue of her first marriage, and the late T. Townley-Parker of Cuerden was the representative of the family. (fn. 43)

Other members of the Charnock family had lands in the township, (fn. 44) and among the early owners occur the names of Garston, (fn. 45) Fairhurst, (fn. 46) Wallhill, (fn. 47) Wayward, (fn. 48) Molyneux, (fn. 49) Hesketh, (fn. 50) Chorley, (fn. 51) Orrell, (fn. 52) Dicconson (fn. 53) and Anderton. (fn. 54)

The Hospitallers had land in Charnock Richard from an early time. (fn. 55)

The wives of Robert Charnock and of Edward Worthington were landowners in 1542–3 (fn. 56) and the wife of Robert Charnock and John Waring in 1564. (fn. 57) Jane Foster, widow, William Crichlow and Elizabeth Parker, as recusants, asked to be allowed to compound for their estates in 1653–4. (fn. 58) Several 'Papists' registered their estates in 1717. (fn. 59) Robert Dalton (double assessed), Peter Brooke and Thomas Lawe were the chief contributors to the land tax of 1783; in 1798 the names were— Mr. Dalton (sic), Mr. Parker's heirs and Mr. Low's heirs. (fn. 60)

In connexion with the Church of England Christ Church was erected in 1860 (fn. 61); the patronage is vested in five trustees.

Footnotes

  • 1. 1,946, including 14 of inland water; Census Rep. 1901.
  • 2. Including Bolton Green and Charnock Green.
  • 3. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
  • 4. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 29.
  • 5. Ibid. 150. See also the account of Shevington.
  • 6. A number of charters relating to this part of Charnock are in Kuerden MSS. iii, C 4. William Banastre gave to Henry son of John de Lea all his land in Charnock, with homages, reliefs, mills, fisheries, and all other things; Henry, who paid 44 marks, was to render to the chief lord a rent of 5s. at the Feast of St. Martin and perform the service due to the court of Penwortham; ibid. no. 9. The date is probably about 1250 to 1260. Afterwards William Banastre released to Robert de Ferrers what he had in the vill of Charnock, that is to say, what Henry de Lea held of William's gift; ibid. no. 8. In 1296 Richard son of William Banastre put forward a claim to the moiety of the manor of Charnock held by William de Lea, but the latter was excused from answering at the time, as he was in Scotland on the king's service; De Banco R. 112, m. 31 d.; 122, m. 73. The suit went on for several years; ibid. 131, m. 102.
  • 7. Richard de Charnock, living in 1242, is the earliest member of the family known.
  • 8. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 270.
  • 9. Charter R. 77 (12 Edw. I), m. 2, no. 8. When William son of Henry was in 1292 summoned to show his right to the market, fair and free warren the date of the fair was stated as St. Botulph's day, &c.; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 369.
  • 10. Richard the Demand released to Henry de Lea all his right in the park which Henry had formed in Charnock; and Adam son of Thomas de Thornton admitted that he had no right to break down the park which Henry had formed with the leave of Thomas son of Richard (de Charnock) his coparcener; Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 16, 28.
  • 11. In 1422–3 Richard Hoghton demised to Henry Bradshagh for twelve years the manor of Charnock Richard called Park Hall; ibid. no. 58. Later, in 1443–4, Sir Richard Hoghton leased to Thomas Riding land within the park of Charnock together with the mill; ibid. no. 59.
  • 12. To a grant of land in Charnock to William the Carpenter by Henry de Lea the latter's seal was appended; it showed a bend fusilly; ibid. no. 7. Henry died in 1288, when it was found that he had held the manor of Charnock with the park and 1½ oxgangs of land of the heir of William de Ferrers (in demesne) and another oxgang in service, rendering yearly 5s.; Inq. and Extents, i, 273. William de Lea, his son and heir, succeeded and in 1298 he gave to Jordan son of Richard de Charnock and others land called Aldfield in Charnock; Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 10. John de Pilotholes in 1294 gave to William son of Sir Henry de Lea land in Charnock Richard called Pilotholes; ibid. no. 48. In 1336 Adam de Hoghton gave to his father Sir Richard the reversion of all the lands which Agnes widow of Sir Henry de Lea held in Charnock; ibid. no. 44. John son of Thomas Wen granted lands in Charnock Richard to Sir Adam de Hoghton; ibid. no. 43. Sir Richard de Hoghton, who died in 1415, held the manor of Charnock Richard, but had in 1410 granted it to Richard his heir and Margaret his wife; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 147. William Hoghton, who died in or before 1500, held lands, &c., in Charnock Richard, Welch Whittle and Shevington of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster by the third part of a knight's fee; ibid. ii, 127. In later inquisitions, however, the tenure is called more correctly the third part of the fourth part of a knight's fee; see Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 66. For Hoghton settlements referring to the manor see Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 43, m. 136; 57, m. 178; 64, no. 173. Thomas Hoghton in 1580 sold a messuage, &c., in Charnock Richard and Welch Whittle to Nicholas Rawe; ibid. bdle. 44, m. 219.
  • 13. Richard Hoghton was settled at Park Hall as early as 1572, when Thomas Hoghton leased hall, water-mill, &c., to him and his son Alexander for a hundred years; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv, no. 39. In 1592 an informer reported to the queen's ministers that 'Mr. Richard Hoghton of the Park Hall hath kept a recusant schoolmaster I think this twenty years. He hath had one after another— the name of one was Scholes, of the other Fawcett, as I remember, but I stand in doubt of the name'; Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 258, quoting S. P. Dom. Eliz. ccxliii, 52. He was returned as a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 244. He purchased the manor, with view of frankpledge, and lands, messuages, dovecote, water-mill, &c., in Charnock Richard, Welch Whittle, Heskin and Chorley from Sir Richard Hoghton and Katherine his wife, a clause of warranty being added against the heirs and assigns of Thomas Hoghton, father of Sir Richard and another Thomas, Sir Richard's uncle; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 70, no. 76. Fourteen years later he made a settlement of the estate; ibid. bdle. 96, no. 4.
  • 14. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 454, where is recited a settlement on William Hoghton and Mary his wife, made in 1615. By this his eldest son John (by the first wife) was made to rank after William and his issue, he having roused his father's indignation by the hostility and malice he had shown to his stepmother; Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. iii, 329, 636.
  • 15. See a preceding note and Gillow, loc. cit. The Ven. Lawrence Johnson was chaplain at the hall about 1580, and service seems to have been maintained there until 1751; ibid. iii, 330.
  • 16. Ibid.
  • 17. Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 285–93, 303–4. Anne a daughter of William Hoghton, a lunatic, had had her allowance stopped. John Hoghton, elder brother of William, had had land leased to him in 1641, and his daughter Margaret of Carr House was a petitioner in 1652, as was Margaret the widow of William. Among the field names in the various deeds cited are the Dear-bought and the Hold-back.
  • 18. Ibid. iii, 290; Hugh Dicconson and Robert Holt, the purchasers, were probably acting for John Hoghton. See also Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 42.
  • 19. Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 155. John married Elizabeth daughter and heir of Edward Ditchfield of Ditton, with whom he had a share of that manor; see the account of Ditton.
  • 20. Gillow, loc. sup. cit.
  • 21. A settlement of the moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard and other lands was made in 1663 by Dorothy Ditchfield of Ditton, widow, John Hoghton and Elizabeth his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 171, m. 99. The Park Hall estate was included in a settlement made by Robert Dalton in 1753; ibid. bdle. 351, m. 191. An indenture of the following year to which Robert Dalton and Elizabeth his wife were parties is enrolled in the Com. Pleas D. Enr. East. 27 Geo. II, rot. 48, 93 d.; it concerns Charnock Richard, Welch Whittle, Euxton, Heskin and Chorley. John Cooper, supposed to be one of the sons of Alexander Kershaw of Heskin, was 'of Park Hall' in 1786; Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, ii, 135. He was, perhaps, occupier only.
  • 22. Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 645, m. 8. The sale was completed in 1789.
  • 23. Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1836), iii, 521.
  • 24. Ibid. (ed. 1870), ii, 167.
  • 25. Information of Mr. Alison.
  • 26. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 149. He was living in 1252; ibid. 189. The Charnock family has already been mentioned in the accounts of Astley in Chorley, &c. Richard de Charnock granted land in Charnock called Kaleyards to his brother Thomas, 'saving the grantor's bees, mills and honey,' at 1d. rent; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 4, no. 1. He also gave the land called Fairhurst to William son of William the Estern; ibid. no. 2.
  • 27. Thomas son of Richard de Charnock shared the manor with Sir Henry de Lea; ibid. no. 5. Thomas de Charnock attested various charters which may be dated about 1270. Henry son of Thomas de Charnock granted to William son of Sir Henry de Lea land called Crossnapholm; ibid. no. 34. Henry de Charnock had a dispute with William de Shorueneton (? Thorneton) regarding 8 acres of wood in Charnock in 1284 and 1291; the death of Hugh brother of Henry is mentioned; Assize R. 1268, m. 12; 407, m. 1. Adam son of Adam de Ridley and Alice his wife in 1289 claimed dower in Charnock against William son of Henry de Lea, Henry son of the lord of Charnock, Henry son of Thomas de Gerstan and others; De Banco R. 80, m. 121. As Henry son of Thomas de Charnock he in 1292 acknowledged a debt of 43s. 4d. due to Robert de Haydock, rector of Standish, in respect of a demise made in 1290 of the tithe corn of Charnock; Assize R. 408, m. 98 d., 13 d. He also undertook to pay 3s. a year to the rector until he should have built a grange in Charnock Richard; ibid. m. 101.
  • 28. Ibid. m. 13 d. They had obstructed a road by which the rector had been accustomed to carry his corn, hay, &c., to his house, and had to pay 6d. damages.
  • 29. Norris D. (B.M.), no. 944. Adam son of Henry de Charnock occurs as early as 1295; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 178. In 1324 Adam de Charnock made a settlement of his moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard and lands in Chorley; the remainders were to his sons Henry, John and Richard in succession; ibid. ii, 57.
  • 30. Norris D. (B.M.), no. 573. In Dec. 1369 the Bishop of Lichfield granted Henry de Charnock a licence for his oratory for two years; Lich. Epis. Reg. v, fol. 24. In 1370 Sir William de Ferrers claimed land in Charnock against Agnes widow of Henry de Charnock and Henry son of Adam de Charnock; De Banco R. 440, m. 56. Agnes widow of Henry de Charnock was a plaintiff in 1376, a John del Bank being charged with waste of her houses; ibid. 463, m. 6.
  • 31. In 1427–8 in consequence of a dispute as to the boundaries between Charnock Richard and Welch Whittle Richard de Hoghton and Henry de Charnock agreed with Robert de Wrightington as to a perambulation; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 30. Randle de Charnock of Charnock, Robert his son described as 'of Chorley,' and James de Charnock, also of Chorley, were concerned in a plea of 1442; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 4, m. 15. Two years later Percival, Henry, Thomas son of Ralph ('of Astley '), and others of the name occur; ibid. 6, m. 5. In 1446 Sir Richard de Hoghton complained that Henry Charnock and others of the place had broken his close at Charnock Richard; ibid. 9, m. 15. Margaret widow of Randle Charnock in 1481 claimed dower against Robert Charnock; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. file 21b, Edw. IV.
  • 32. In Mar. 1498 Robert Charnock made a feoffment of parts of his lands in Charnock, Chorley, &c., for the benefit of his wife Margery; Add. MS. 32105, no. 758; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 85, m. 4.
  • 33. Margery named in the last note afterwards married Henry Banastre, and in May 1501 William Charnock and Henry his son and heir became bound to the said Henry Banastre to abide an arbitration; Add. MS. 32105, no. 743. William was the son and heir of Robert; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 1 Aug. 16 Hen. VII.
  • 34. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 28. In it is recited a settlement made by Robert Charnock grandfather of Henry, in 1491, by which land in Speke called the Millfield was given to Gilbert son of Robert with reversion to Thomas Charnock; other lands were to the use of Robert himself and his wife Margery, with remainder to his right heirs. William his son and heir succeeded and was followed by Henry, who settled certain messuages in Speke, Charnock Richard and Chorley upon Cecily daughter of Henry Farington for life. From the pedigree it appears that Cecily married Robert Charnock, son of Henry; see also Visit. of 1533 (Chet. Soc.), 114. For suits by her in 1537 and 1540 see Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 156; ii, 62.
  • 35. Visit. of 1567 (Chet. Soc.), 65. In 1568 twenty messuages and lands in Charnock were in the possession of Robert Charnock, son and heir-apparent of Thomas, and he made a feoffment of them; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 30, m. 28.
  • 36. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 5. Robert Charnock made a settlement of his manor of Charnock Richard and other estates in 1585; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 47, m. 20. In the preceding year he had sold a messuage and land to Roger and Thomas Waring; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 46, m. 109.
  • 37. Gillow, Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i, 472. There is a graphic account of his execution in Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 617. When he came to the ladder he began the Ave Maria and asked all Catholics to pray for him, and again said the Paternoster and Ave Maria. He confessed he had concealed the treason when he knew of it, and begged the queen's pardon. He paid little attention to the well-meant offices of the Protestant minister, and saying 'O Jesu, esto mihi Jesus,' 'was thrown off the ladder . . . and so died fearfully and obstinately in his religion. He had been a good soldier and a tall fellow. . . He was a proper man in his apparel, somewhat tall and very strong, his visage somewhat wan and pale.'
  • 38. Gillow, loc. cit.
  • 39. Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc.), 8; from the dates given it appears to have been properly compiled from the family charters. Edward the eldest son of Robert (by his first wife), who was living in 1567, was dead in 1613. For the Molyneux marriage see the accounts of Barton and Bradford in Manchester. A settlement of the manor of Charnock Richard, &c., was made in 1609 by Thomas Charnock and Bridget his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 76, no. 22.
  • 40. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 37–9. The settlement made in 1585 is recited. Thomas Charnock sat in the Parliament of 1624 as a member for Newtonin-Makerfield; Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs. 278. In 1632 a new settlement of his estates was made; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 121, no. 46.
  • 41. Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 25. Captain Robert Charnock surrendered with the Lathom garrison on 5 Dec. 1645, took the National Covenant and Negative oath, and petitioned to compound in April 1647, his father being then alive, and Robert having the mansion house of Astley in Chorley, a water-mill, &c. His father had in 1644 made charges on his estate in favour of his daughters, and died at Whitsuntide, 1648, his wife Bridget surviving him. The fine was fixed at £260 in 1649. Roger Charnock of Astley, probably the younger brother of Robert, had also been in arms against the Parliament and in 1646 prayed to compound; ibid. ii, 29.
  • 42. The moiety of the manor of Charnock Richard was held by Richard Brooke and Margaret his wife in 1672; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 188, m. 34. Henry Brooke of Astley, who died in 1718, has a monument in Ormskirk Church; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxii, 65.
  • 43. The descent is thus given: Richard Brooke -s. Thomas -s. Richard, s.p. -bro. Peter, who married Susannah Crookall -s. Peter, d.s.p. 1787 -sister Susannah, who married T. Townley Parker. The family has occurred at Bradford, near Manchester. Margaret Brooke, widow, and Peter Brooke, esq., were vouchees in a recovery of the moiety of the manor in 1716; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 502, m. 4. See N. and Q. (Ser. 7), vi, 43.
  • 44. Hastus de Charnock granted to William son of Robert de Charnock land called Samsoncroft in Charnock at a rent of 4d.; Thomas and Richard de Charnock were among the witnesses; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 4, no. 19. Adam son of Robert de Charnock in 1331 claimed land in Charnock Richard against Robert de Horncliffe, Agnes his wife, Henry de Duxbury and William Brown; Assize R. 1404, m. 25 d. James Charnock died 20 May 1633 holding a messuage and land of Thomas Charnock and William Hoghton as of their manor of Charnock Richard; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 247.
  • 45. Henry de Gerstan gave his lands to Sir Henry de Lea; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 4, no. 13, 15. Part of the land was called Aldfield; ibid. no. 10. William de Lea gave to Henry de Gerstan for his life 21 acres in Charnock with Fernisnape and Foxholes, Robfold and Bakonliscroft; ibid. no. 31. Henry de Lea had given him land in Roulane; ibid. no. 14.
  • 46. The grant of Fairhurst has been cited above. William le Estern gave it to John his son; ibid. no. 4. William de Fairhurst was living about 1270; ibid. no. 5. He gave all he had in Fairhurst to Sir Henry de Lea; ibid. no. 25. John de Fairhurst in 1283 demised to Sir William (Henry) de Lea for twelve years land in Charnock in the field called Piladhalers and in the Holme in the same field, upon the Yarrow; ibid. no. 18. Sir Henry de Lea gave to Adam son of William de Fairhurst land at the Miclelhalgh in Charnock at a rent of 6d.; ibid. no. 33. He also gave to Robert de Fairhurst land formerly held by Robert the Savage; ibid. no. 21.
  • 47. Adam de Fairhurst, with the consent of Margery his wife, gave to Henry de Lea all the land which he had with his wife by the gift of Robert de Wallhill, and Robert de Wallhill confirmed this; ibid. no. 3, 6. It appears that Margery was Robert's daughter; ibid. no. 22. Margery widow of Adam de Fairhurst made various claims for dower against William de Lea in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 16, 76. She failed in one plea because the land was not in 'Charnock' but in 'Richard's Charnock'; ibid. m. 52 d. John son of Robert de Wallhill gave his brother Henry land within bounds beginning at Sir Henry de Lea's park by Dalebut Brook; the Twythelis are named; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 7. Thomas Wallhill and John his brother occur as defendants in 1350; De Banco R. 364, m. 89.
  • 48. Thomas son of John Wayward gave his brother John a fourth part of the mill of Charnock and all his share of the mill croft; Kuerden MS. iii, C 7. Richard Wayward in 1313–14 claimed a messuage, the fourth part of a watermill, &c., in 'Charnock' against Thomas Wayward, but the jury decided that there was no town of Charnock without addition, because there were both East Charnock and Charnock Richard; Assize R. 424, m. 2 d. Adam son of Thomas Wayward was non-suited in 1324–5; ibid. 426, m. 9.
  • 49. The Molyneux family of Sefton held land in the township, the tenure being variously stated at different times—of the heirs of John Armetriding (1548), and lastly of Thomas Hoghton; see Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 2; xiii, no. 35.
  • 50. Ibid. v, no. 16; the tenure was unknown.
  • 51. Ibid. vi, no. 17; held of Richard Hoghton in socage.
  • 52. William son of Henry de Orrell of Newton and Cecily his mother in 1330 granted to Adam son of Thomas de Orrell and Isabel daughter and heir of John son of Adam de Charnock and Margery daughter of Henry de Orrell widow of John certain lands in Charnock for the marriage of John brother of Adam; Kuerden MSS. iii, C 7. Nicholas Orrell in 1410 had lands in Charnock; Towneley MS. RR, no. 1554. William Orrell appears to have sold his lands to Thomas Dicconson and Hugh Anderton in 1545 to 1556; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 190; 13, m. 284; 16, m. 98; Chorley Survey (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 23–4.
  • 53. John Dicconson of the Row in Eccleston, who died in 1639, held a messuage and land in Charnock Richard of Thomas Charnock and William Hoghton by the rent of a steel spur; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, no. 71. William Dicconson in 1604 held land of the king, as of the late priory of St. John of Jerusalem, by a rent of 4½d.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 19.
  • 54. Hugh Anderton of Clayton in 1566 held land of Thomas Hoghton and Thomas Charnock by a rent of 3d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 31. Hugh Anderton had in 1556–7 complained that Thomas Charnock and others had trespassed on the Bullridding and other lands of Sir Richard Hoghton; Ducatus Lanc. ii, 122, 143.
  • 55. It is mentioned in 1292; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375. The tenants about 1540 were: Thomas Charnock paying a rent of 6d., William Orrell 18d. and 6d., Sir Richard Hoghton 12d., Richard Warin 4½d., Lawrence Wayward 9d.; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 83b. Edward Standish of Standish in 1610 held land which had belonged to the Hospitallers; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 190.
  • 56. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 126.
  • 57. Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 210.
  • 58. Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3175; v, 3186, 3194.
  • 59. Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 99, 128, 129. Their names were: Richard Parker, Robert Foster, John Charnock, yeoman, William Fletcher, nailer, John Felton, husbandman, and James Felton, linenweaver.
  • 60. Land tax returns at Preston.
  • 61. A district was assigned in 1861; Lond. Gaz. 5 Feb.