BHO

Townships: Foulridge

Pages 544-548

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1911.

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FOULRIDGE

Florigg, Folerigg, 1275; Folering, 1302; Folerigge, 1311; Folrigg, 1322.

Bernesete, 1258.

Munkerode, 1296; Monkerode, 1332.

This township lies on the border of Yorkshire to the north of Colne. It consists of hilly country, the village of Foulridge being in a central depression, to the east of which Noyna Hill rises to a height of about 980 ft. above sea level, while to the west 786 ft. is attained at Pasture Head on the border of the county. To the east of the main part of the township there is a detached portion, apparently cut out from Colne, called Monkroyd and Barnside, which has an area of 855½ acres. The area of the whole township is 2,455 acres. (fn. 1) The soil is sand and loam, overlying grit. The land is mostly used for pasture, there being 2,323 acres of permanent grass, while only 1 acre is arable and 19 acres woods and plantations. (fn. 2) There is a stone quarry, and cotton-mills are worked in both parts of the township. The population in 1901 was 1,373.

The principal road leads north from Colne through Foulridge village by Acornley to Skipton in Yorkshire; the older road to Skipton turns off to the east at Foulridge. A minor road goes west and north to Hey. The road to Keighley from Colne passes through the Monkroyd portion of the township. The Midland Company's railway from Colne to Skipton traverses the main portion, and there is a station at Foulridge. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal also traverses it, being taken for more than a mile of the course through a tunnel constructed in 1792–6; there are several large reservoirs for feeding the canal, which has its highest point in this township. (fn. 3) Burwains and Ambwell are noteworthy housenames.

There is an ancient cross. (fn. 4)

The township is administered by a parish council.

Manor

FOULRIDGE, a member of the Lacys' Clitheroe lordship, was in 1242 held of the heir of the Earl of Lincoln by John de Crigleston by the service of the eighth part of a knight's fee; it belonged to the dower of the countess. (fn. 5) John de Pothou and Rosamund his wife held Foulridge in 1275, apparently in the wife's right, (fn. 6) and William son of John de Pothou asserted a claim to it through his mother. (fn. 7) In 1302 it was held by the same tenure by William de Pothou, (fn. 8) but in 1311 the said William was recorded to hold two plough-lands in Foulridge of Henry de Lacy by the fourth part of a knight's fee and suit at the court of Clitheroe. (fn. 9) In the same year Brian de Thornhill purchased the manor of Foulridge from William son of John de Pothou. (fn. 10) John de Thornhill died in 1322 holding of the king as of his lordship of Clitheroe a capital messuage in Foulridge, with 8 oxgangs of land demised to tenants at will, a water-mill, and various lands and rights, including 20s. rent from four free tenants; he held by homage and fealty and the service of the eighth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 11) His son and heir Brian, then twenty-three years of age, is mentioned soon afterwards as holding one plough-land in Foulridge for the eighth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 12) He was living and holding the same in 1355 (fn. 13) and 1361. (fn. 14)

By the marriage of his granddaughter Elizabeth to Henry Savile early in the 15th century (fn. 15) Foulridge passed to the Saviles already noticed in the account of Rochdale, and in 1445–6 their son Sir Thomas Savile held the eighth part of a knight's fee there. (fn. 16) Sir John Savile held the same about 1484. (fn. 17) A later Sir John died in 1505 holding the manor and other lands of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster by the eighth part of a knight's fee and rent; his heir was his son Henry, twenty-two years of age. (fn. 18) Foulridge was in 1551 included in the settlement on Robert Savile in the same way as Rochdale. (fn. 19) Robert appears to have sold many parcels of land in Foulridge, (fn. 20) and in 1573 he and his wife Anne were deforciants to a fine of the manor, with its messuages, lands, water-mill, rents and view of frankpledge. (fn. 21) This appears to have preceded a sale by which the manor was divided among the freeholders, as in later inquisitions a number of fractions are recorded, but the manor as a whole disappears. (fn. 22)

Some grants to Roger and John de Lacy are known. (fn. 23)

In 1329 John son of Peter del Scholefield granted to Philip the Parker of Foulridge his messuage and lands in the township. (fn. 24) Elizabeth Savile, lady of Thornhill, in 1412, in her widowhood, granted all her manor of Foulridge to Lawrence son of John Parker for his life at a rent of £10 13s. 4d. (fn. 25) Lawrence Parker in 1441 gave his lands, &c., in Foulridge, Colne, Pendle and Trawden to trustees, among these being his son Christopher. (fn. 26) Thomas Parker of Foulridge is named in 1495. (fn. 27) John Parker died in 1519 holding eight messuages, &c., in Foulridge of the heirs of John de Crigleston in socage; his heirs were two daughters, Margaret wife of James Catterall and Joan wife of John Rushworth, aged thirty and twenty-six respectively. (fn. 28) Henry Parker died in 1617 holding of the king as duke by knight's service messuages and lands in Foulridge, 2s. 1d. free rent belonging to the manor and issuing from the tenements of John Acornley, and a twelfth part of the mill and its profits, the marriages, reliefs, &c., and the waste. His heir was his grandson Alexander (son of Henry) Parker, aged sixteen years. (fn. 29)

The name of Acornley can be traced back to the time of Henry III, for in 1259 the royal escheator was ordered to inquire into a feoffment of 16 acres in Foulridge to Geoffrey the Harper, made by a certain Adam de Acornley, who was afterwards hanged for felony. (fn. 30) The Harper estate appears later. (fn. 31) James Acornley (here spelt Acranley) died in 1621 holding two messuages commonly called 'Acranley' and various lands of the heirs of Richard Thornhill in socage by a rent of 6s. His son and heir Thomas was twenty-eight years old. (fn. 32)

There are but few other names to record in this part of the township. (fn. 33) There were Townleys of Foulridge Hall in 1639–58, kinsmen of those of Royle and Greenfield in Colne. (fn. 34) The hall is now the property of Colonel Parker of Browsholme, who has a large estate in the township.

BARNSIDE or Barnsett was in 1258 granted by Edmund de Lacy to the monks of Pontefract. (fn. 35) On the suppression of monasteries this manor was in 1544 sold by the Crown to John Braddyll of Whalley, (fn. 36) and he in 1545 sold the same to Lawrence Townley and Henry his son. (fn. 37) Henry Townley died in 1616 holding the manor of Barnside of the king in chief by the 200th part of a knight's fee. (fn. 38) His son Lawrence, then forty years of age, died in 1623 holding similarly and leaving a son and heir Richard, aged twentysix. (fn. 39) Richard Townley died in 1630 holding the manor or capital messuage of Barnside by the same tenure as before, with messuages and lands in Barnside, Monkroyd, Foulridge, Colne and Trawden Forest; also parts of the manors of Goosnargh and Wrightington and messuages in Little Marsden. (fn. 40) His heirs were three sisters, but he had devised his estates (fn. 41) to a cousin, Richard Townley, (fn. 42) whose grandson Richard left a daughter and heir Margaret. (fn. 43) She in 1754 married John Clayton of Little Harwood, and Barnside descended to their son Colonel Thomas Clayton. (fn. 44) After his death in 1835 it was sold to Robert Halstead Hargreaves of Ardwick, and descended to his son. (fn. 45) The old house was abandoned as the residence of the family in the 18th century, (fn. 46) Carr Hall in Barrowford being preferred. It has since been demolished.

Pontefract Priory. Quarterly or and gules a bend sable, over all a label of five points argent.

Roger de Lacy before 1211 granted to Alexander de Bamford 14 acres of land in Foulridge (called Sourby) and in Chorlesykehurst at a rent of 3s., (fn. 47) but the later descent does not appear.

In 1323–4 Adam Proctor of Colne gave the messuage called Monkroyd in Barnside to Richard his son and Joan his wife; the boundaries given mention 'Souribough' as the boundary between Monkroyd and Barnside. A service of 8s. a year was due to St. John's Priory, Pontefract, and some other service to Richard de Barnside. (fn. 48) In 1509 Richard Banastre obtained a messuage and land in Barnside from Percival Proctor and Grace his wife. (fn. 49) Hamerton seems to have followed. (fn. 50) In the 17th century Monkroyd was part of the Barnside estate.

A document of about the middle of the 17th century gives the following as the freeholders in Foulridge whose estates were worth at least £4 a year: Mr. Richard Townley, esq., £100; Mr. Ambrose Barcroft, gent., £40; and the following yeomen: Thomas Barcroft, £20; John Fairebank, John Hargreaves and John Holgate, £10 each; Henry Accrondley, Henry Boulton, Richard Hargreaves, James, Robert and Roger Hartley, Henry Pollard and John Spencer, £5 each. (fn. 51)

James Catterall was the only landowner contributing to the subsidy of 1524, (fn. 52) and Lawrence Townley in 1564 (fn. 53); in 1597 Henry Townley and Thomas Barcroft contributed, (fn. 54) and Richard Townley and Ambrose Barcroft in 1626. (fn. 55)

In Foulridge in 1666 there were in all 139 hearths liable to the tax. The largest house was that of James Smith, with ten hearths; Mrs. Townley's had seven, Thomas Barcroft's six and Robert Hartley's five. (fn. 56)

For members of the Church of England service was conducted in the schoolroom for some years, but in 1905 the church of St. Michael and All Angels was opened. The Bishop of Manchester collates.

The Wesleyan Methodists have had a chapel since 1824.

A building known as Foulridge Dandy Shop is supposed to have been built in 1666 as a Quaker meeting-house, with burial-ground attached. (fn. 57) The name indicates that the building was used in the early part of the 18th century as a textile manufactory.

Footnotes

  • 1. 2,458 acres, including 107 of inland water; Census Rep. 1901.
  • 2. a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
  • 3. Carr, Annals of Colne, 86, 89. The fall of the canal eastward is 409½ ft., westward 431 ft.
  • 4. Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xviii, 37.
  • 5. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 150.
  • 6. De Banco R. 10, m. 37 d.; 28, m. 17d. See also Cal. Close, 1272–9, p. 333–4.
  • 7. Agnes and Margery, daughters of John the Harper, were stated to have land in Foulridge, and Agnes summoned John de Pothou to warrant her. He did not come, and his son William thereupon prayed that he might not lose his tenements, of which his mother had died seised; Assize R. 408, m. 24 d. John de Pothou was party to other suits; ibid. m. 24, 58.
  • 8. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 318.
  • 9. Ibid. ii, 13.
  • 10. Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 6.
  • 11. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 45. In demesne he held 8 acres of meadow. Tenants at will held of him 50 acres of roodland.
  • 12. Ibid. ii, 134.
  • 13. Feudal Aids, iii, 88. See also the Lansdowne Feodary in Baines' Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 694.
  • 14. Inq. p.m. 35 Edw. III, pt. i, no. 122.
  • 15. Foster, Yorks. Ped. (West Riding).
  • 16. Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20.
  • 17. Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. cxxx.
  • 18. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ii, no. 11; v, no. 5, 32. The first recites a charter of Thomas Savile, great-grandfather of Sir John, dated at Foulridge 1421, and gives the descent.
  • 19. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 14, m. 223.
  • 20. For example, in 1565 John Taylor purchased a messuage, &c., in Foulridge from Robert Savile; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 27, m. 211. See also Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 214, m. 7.
  • 21. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 35, m. 146. The 'manor' of Foulridge, with water-mill, &c., was acquired by Robert Walker from Henry Mitton in 1610; ibid. bdle. 74, no. 52. From inquisitions cited below it appears that the manor had been subdivided long before this.
  • 22. William Halstead died in 1589 holding, among other lands, a twenty-fifth part of the manor of Foulridge of the queen as of her duchy by the hundredth part of a knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv, no. 2. Richard son of Henry Rycroft died in 1595 holding two messuages in Foulridge and the fourteenth part of the manor and water grain mill of the queen as of her duchy by the eightieth part of a knight's fee. The heir was a son Henry, aged three years; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 93. Some deeds are in the Court of Wards and Liveries (box 42a, no. FD 1–5); they show that Richard Rycroft of Standroyd just before his death gave his newly-erected house in Foulridge, &c., to Richard Rycroft of Mosshouse and another as trustees. A sister Ellen appears to have married Henry Walton of Great Hey. William Barcroft of Barcroft in Cliviger in 1575 granted to trustees two messuages in Foulridge and land in Broad Slack there to the use of himself for life, and then of Henry Barcroft his younger son and male issue, with remainder to Henry's brother Thomas; Add. MS. 32104, no. 521. Henry Barcroft died in 1587 holding a messuage in Foulridge of the queen as of her duchy by the hundredth part of a knight's fee. His son Henry, aged thirteen in 1591, having died, a younger son William was in 1606 found to be the heir; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xviii, no. 15; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 47. Thomas Barcroft, who died in 1609, held a fifth part of the manor of the king as duke by knight's service. His son Ambrose was thirtynine years old in 1618; ibid. ii, 95. A deed of 1739 (W. Farrer's D.) names William Barcroft of Noyna as grandson and heir of Thomas Barcroft, deceased. William Barcroft was vouchee of part of the manor in 1742; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 554, m. 5. For Captain Ambrose William Barcroft (d. 1795) see Carr, Annals of Colne, 87–9. The Barcroft share of the manor, one-fifth and onethirty-sixth, was in 1762 sold to John Clayton by John Barcroft, Elizabeth his wife and Martha Barcroft; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 267, m. 27. John Barcroft, a celebrated Quaker (1664–1723), was descended from the Barcrofts of Noyna; Wilkinson Tattersall, Memories of Hurstwood, 108, 109. John Pollard died in 1608 holding a messuage, &c., and the thirty-fifth part of the mill and a rent from the tenant of Foulridge Hall, of the king as of his duchy by the 200th part of a knight's fee. His son John was five years old; ibid, i, 118. Robert Banister of Park Hill, who died in 1616, held four messuages, a sixth part of the mill and a sixth part of the wastes of the manor of Foulridge of the king as of his castle of Clitheroe in socage; ibid, ii, 29. Others who held of the king by knight's service were James Whitacre, d. 1604; Agnes Hargreaves, widow, d. 1616; John Holgate, d. 1619; James Payley, d. 1621; ibid. ii, 119, 101, 218, 290. The above-named Agnes (? Alice) Hargreaves, who had a son and heir Robert, appears to have had sisters Margery and Elizabeth, of whom the former (d. 1623) married John Emmott (d. 1625), s.p., and the latter married the father of Henry Walton, who left a son Ambrose, aged forty, in 1630. The Emmotts held a sixteenth part of the manor and water-mill, and their right descended to Robert Hargreaves; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, no. 31. See also Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 74, no. 23. Robert Hargreaves died in 1635 holding a sixteenth part of the manor of the king as of his duchy by the 200th part of a knight's fee. His heir was his son John (of Highroyd), aged forty-eight, but the Foulridge lands had been settled on a younger son Richard. Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 495. Lawrence Mancknowles died in 1627 holding 25 acres of land in Foulridge called 'Panshaiebrook,' 4 acres called 'Noynoe,' a messuage called 'Coldweather House,' another called 'Moss House' and the thirtieth part of the water-mill, of the king as of his duchy by the fiftieth part of a knight's fee. The heir was his son John, aged seventeen; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 24. Robert Blakey died in 1630 holding a messuage, &c., in Foulridge of the king as duke by the 200th part of a knight's fee. His heir was his brother Simon, aged fifty; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 75. Robert Hoghton, clerk, died in 1628 holding a messuage, &c., of the king by the 200th part of a knight's fee. His heir was his son William, aged twentytwo; ibid. p. 517. James Hartley died in 1634 holding of the king by the 200th part of a knight's fee a messuage called the Cragg and the fiftieth part of the manor and water-mill; also another messuage and fiftieth part of the mill lately bought from Alexander Parker. His sister and heir was Isabel Hanson, widow, aged forty-eight, but the Cragg had been settled on James's wife Elizabeth, and the second part of the estate on William Hartley and Henry his brother; ibid. p. 524. Lawrence Robert also held land in Foulridge of the king as duke by the 200th part of a knight's fee in 1629, but his chief estate was at Bradford. His heir was his nephew Lawrence (son of Roger) Robert of Winewall, aged thirty; ibid. p. 1007. To a fine in 1655 respecting ten thirtysixth parts of the manor the parties were Thomas Pollard, James Hartley, John Robinson, James Robinson and Robert Hargreaves, plaintiffs; James Brookden, Elizabeth his wife, John Robinson, Anne his wife, John Hammond, Mary his wife, Alexander Parker and Henry Banister, defendants; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 157, m. 172. In 1785 there was a recovery of the moiety of a fifth and a thirty-sixth part of the manor, the Rev. John Adamson, demandant, v. William Carr and others; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 642, m. 8.
  • 23. Among the charters found at Pontefract temp. Edw. II were these: By Adam son of Peter the chaplain an oxgang and a half of land in Foulridge to Roger de Lacy; by Adam son of Adam de Foulridge a moiety of the vill to the same Roger; and by Ralph de Wymundham all his land to John de Lacy; Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 260 (notes).
  • 24. Add. MS. 32104, no. 1216. John Parker of Foulridge was a juror 1388–96; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 32, 41.
  • 25. Add. MS. 32104, no. 1223. Henry Marton gave 2 oxgangs of land in Broughton to Lawrence Parker in 1414– 19; ibid. no. 1224, 1221. Christopher Parker had 2½ oxgangs of land there in 1423; ibid. no. 1217.
  • 26. Ibid. no. 1219. John Savile and Joan his wife were in 1444 plaintiffs against Lawrence Parker of Foulridge respecting waste of the lands there which Sir Thomas Savile (grandfather of John) had demised to defendant for life; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 6, m. 1. Next year the same plaintiffs appeared against Christopher Parker for breaking into their houses; ibid. R. 8, m. 6.
  • 27. Add. MS. 32104, no. 1227.
  • 28. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 50. It is curious that in 1540 the daughters and heirs of one Thomas Parker were Agnes wife of John Rushworth and Joan wife of James Catterall, the latter having a son and heir Lawrence Habergham; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 338. Lawrence Habergham died in 1615 holding messuages in Foulridge of Robert Savile in socage by 6s. 6d. rent.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 21, 102.
  • 29. Ibid. ii, 78; Henry Parker also had Holt House in Colne. He was a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 236.
  • 30. Curia Regis R. 161, m. 6. It was found that the feoffment was made a month before the felony was committed; therefore Geoffrey's seisin was valid. The name is spelt Akerlandeleye.
  • 31. John de Pothou and Rosamund his wife claimed a messuage and 15 acres of land against John the Harper in 1274; Coram Rege R. 5, m. 57. Next year John the Harper was plaintiff, claiming 2 oxgangs of land against the Pothous. He said they were held by a time grant to Nicholas del Cross made by his greatgrandmother Syreda in the time of Henry III, alleging the following pedigree: Syreda —s. and h. Adam —s. and h. Richard -s. and h. John, the plaintiff. Defendants said that Richard had an elder son Adam, by whom they claimed, and obtained the verdict; De Banco R. 10, m. 37 d. In 1292 Agnes daughter of John the Harper of 'Akerlandleye,' under age, claimed a tenement in Foulridge against Adam the Harper of Dineley, but was non-suited; Assize R. 408, m. 44. See also pleadings quoted above.
  • 32. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 248.
  • 33. Henry Baldwin of Foulridge was a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 236. Henry Moore in 1631 paid £10 as composition for refusing knighthood; ibid. 217. Henry Shaw of Langroyd died in 1605 holding land of the king as of his manor of Foulridge in socage by 4d. rent. His son Henry was eighty years old in 1616; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 39. Notes of various disputes as to the bounds, &c., will be found in the Ducatus Lanc. e.g. iii, 92. Some of these appear to have arisen from the partition, e.g. iii, 219, 261. Noyna, Over Moor and Slipper Hill are named in 1592; iii, 275.
  • 34. Add. MS. 32104, no. 218. Robert Townley according to his will (1645–8) had a lease of Foulridge Hall for twentyone years and left the remainder of the term to his wife Agnes and then to his 'cousin' (nephew) Charles Townley.
  • 35. Pontefract Chart. (Yorks. Arch. Soc.), i, 44; 'all the vill of Barnside.' In the same year Barnside was held for 4s. as of the honor of Clitheroe; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 217. The tenure by the monks was as uneventful as usual. In 1292 William the Prior of Pontefract claimed against Simon Nowell a messuage and two parts of 2 oxgangs of land in Barnside as the right of his church of St. John the Evangelist, and Nowell in turn called Adam de Poterton to warrant him; Assize R. 408, m. 13 d., 67 d. The prior at length recovered; Abbrev. Plac. (Rec. Com.), 242. In 1355 the prior claimed a messuage and land in Foulridge against William de Marsden, alleging that his predecessor Stephen had had a rent of 5s. a year from William's father Richard and that it had been withheld recently; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 4, m. 13 d., 22. In 1445 William, then Prior of Pontefract, claimed 40 acres in Barnside against William Monkroyd as the right of this church; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 8, m. 16b; 9, m. 19. At the Colne Court of 1425 William Nutter was presented for an encroachment on the lord's waste in Colne, but he said he was a free tenant of Pontefract Priory and had the land in its right; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 217.
  • 36. Pat. 36 Hen. VIII, pt. xi. The price was £393.
  • 37. W. Farrer's D. 103; it appears that Lawrence Townley was the occupier. This Lawrence was son of Henry son of the Lawrence Townley who in 1507 acquired Rishton Thorns in Barrowford; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 112–13. Lawrence Townley was living in 1527 (Rental) but dead in 1530, and his son Henry died in the following year; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 301, 304. Lawrence Townley, the grandfather, erected the Barnside quire in Colne Church. The grandson and his son Henry in 1563 granted a lease of the Shaw in Barnside to Richard Hargreaves of the Hill; W. Farrer's D. 104. Henry Townley increased his inheritance by marriage with Anne Catterall of Mitton, Goosnargh, &c., and a settlement of messuages, &c., in Barnside, Foulridge and Goosnargh was made by them in 1590; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 52, m. 136. An agreement for a marriage between John a son of Henry Townley and Ellen daughter of Thomas Rishworth was made in 1589; Add. MS. 32104, no. 1240. There were disputes as to the commons in 1596, the tenants of Colne making claims; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 359.
  • 38. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 30.
  • 39. Ibid. iii, 410. Lawrence Townley in 1622 obtained from the Crown a lease of all the coal mines in the manors of Colne and Ightenhill, and subleased the same to John Hargreaves of Heyroyd; Add. MS. 32104, no. 528. Lawrence's will is printed in Wills (Chet. Soc. new ser.), ii, 192. The will of Lucy Townley of Shacklehey, 1621, daughter of Lawrence is printed by Piccope; Wills (Chet. Soc.), iii, 197.
  • 40. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 19. His heirs were his sisters—Anne wife of Henry Hoghton, Margaret wife of Lawrence Roberts and Jane wife of John Haliday, each over thirty years of age. Alice Townley, his widow, was living at Carr Hall. She afterwards married Christopher Towneley.
  • 41. By his will (1630) he desired to be buried in his own quire in Colne, where his ancestors lay buried. He set aside £90 a year for the maintenance and education of Richard and Robert, the sons of his uncle Robert Townley, deceased. He left £20 to the poor of Colne.
  • 42. Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 308, where it is stated that Richard Townley was killed at a bullfight at Gisburn about 1655 and left a son of the same name aged fourteen in 1664. In 1673 a settlement was made of the manor of Barnside with lands, &c., there and in Foulridge, Monkroyd, Colne and Goosnargh; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 191, m. 67. The deforciants were Richard Townley and Anne Townley, widow. See Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 57–60, 142 for a dispute as to the management of Barnside, 1678–80.
  • 43. Pedigree in Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 256, where it is stated that Richard Townley had a son Richard, who died in 1739, and by his second wife (Martha Barcroft of Noyna) left a daughter and heir Margaret. In 1728 there was a recovery of the manor of Barnside, Richard Townley being vouchee; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 526, m. 2. In another recovery in 1751 Margaret Townley, spinster, was vouchee; ibid. 572, m. 97. The will of Martha Townley, widow of Richard Townley of Carr Hall, dated 1756, mentions her daughter Margaret wife of John Clayton, and her late husband's sisters Catherine Grimshaw, Ann Clarkson and Margaret Labege. Special directions are given as to paintings of horses and dogs left by her husband. John Barcroft was executor; W. Farrer's D.
  • 44. Thomas Clayton was tenant in 1776; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 624, m. 4.
  • 45. Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 256 n.
  • 46. Richard Townley was described as 'of Carr Hall' in 1684; Colne Ct. R.
  • 47. a Kuerden fol. MS. (Chet. Lib.), fol. 234; Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 260.
  • 48. Kuerden fol. MS. (Chet. Lib.), fol. 310. The bounds began at a stone called Ernistone on the west side of the hill called Bernsetkreg, following its south side to the east part of Harlow as far as the west of Ivornsligh (? Ickornshaw) waste, south to Sandford Syke (the boundary between Lancashire and Yorkshire), and by this syke west to the way down from Souribough and up the stream to Ernistone.
  • 49. Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 166.
  • 50. a Sizergh D. ii, 397.
  • 51. Folds MSS.; it is signed by Henry Pollard, constable of Foulridge.
  • 52. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 82.
  • 53. Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 212.
  • 54. Ibid. no. 274.
  • 55. Ibid. no. 317.
  • 56. Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
  • 57. Carr, Annals of Colne, 79.