Townships: Preesall with Hackinsall

Pages 256-260

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1912.

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In this section


Pressouede, Dom. Bk.; Presoure, 1168; Pressore, 1176; Presho, 1199; Preshou, 1246; Presoude, Presehou, Presthowe, 1292.

Haccumeho, Hacunesho, 1199; Hacumesho, I 200; Hakinishal, 1244; Hakonesho, 1246. Hackensall is a common modern spelling.

The township is bounded by the River Wyre on the west, the Lune estuary on the north and a small brook on the south. In the north-west angle is the hamlet of Knott End, with a ferry across the Wyre to Fleetwood; to the south, on a stretch of higher land, is Hackinsall; while Preesall lies a mile to the east, on the side of another tract of higher land, and Pilling Lane occupies its north-east corner. (fn. 1) The surface to the north and east is flat and lies very low, much of it below the 25 ft. level, but the highest land in the township is about loo ft. above the sea. There is a wide expanse of sands to the north. The area in all measures 3,393 acres, (fn. 2) and there was a population of 1,423 in 1901.

Preesall is the central point of the township; from it roads spread out in various directions—south to Staynall and Stalmine, east towards Garstang and north-west to Knott End. From this last another road goes east along the coast to Pilling. There is a salt mine to the south-west of Preesall, and from it a railway runs down to the Wyre. The railway from Knott End to Pilling and Garstang was opened in 1908.

In Preesall is the cemetery for the chapelry.

The township is governed by an urban district council of twelve members.

The soil is various, with subsoil of clay and gravel. Wheat, oats and potatoes are grown. Of the land, 869 acres are arable, 1,648 in permanent grass and 20 in woods and plantations. (fn. 3)

A small detached part of Pilling was added to Preesall under the Divided Parishes Act of 1882.

There was a fairy well to the north of Preesall village.


In 1066 PREESALL was assessed as six plough-lands and was included in the Preston fee of Earl Tostig. (fn. 4) The demesne tithes were in 1094 granted to St. Martin of Sées by Roger of Poitou, (fn. 5) and later still, in 1168–9, Preesall was in the demesne of the honour of Lancaster. (fn. 6) About 1190 John Count of Mortain granted Preesall and Hackinsall to Geoffrey the Arbalaster or crossbowman, (fn. 7) and renewed the gift after he came to the throne. (fn. 8) It appears, however, that 4 oxgangs of land in the township had long before been held by serjeanty by Hugh de Hackinsall, whose son Robert obtained confirmations from John when Count of Mortain, and afterwards when king. (fn. 9) An agreement respecting the same was made between Geoffrey, as lord of the whole, and Peter de Hackinsall, (fn. 10) and, as Geoffrey's descendants assumed their surname from HACKINSALL, they no doubt obtained a surrender of the 4 oxgangs. (fn. 11)

Geoffrey the Arbalaster held the six plough-lands in 1212 by the service of two crossbows yearly. (fn. 12) His son John, (fn. 13) known as Arbalaster and de Hackinsall, in 1246 agreed with Eva, his father's widow, as to dower. (fn. 14) At the same time he claimed wreck of the sea at Hackinsall, but without good ground. (fn. 15) John died in 1262 holding six plough-lands in Hackinsall and Preesall as before, also three plough-lands in Hambleton; Geoffrey his son and heir was of full age. (fn. 16) John the son of Geoffrey succeeded before 1284, (fn. 17) and was himself followed about 1299 (fn. 18) by a brother Richard. (fn. 19) John the son of Richard de Hackinsall (fn. 20) had a son William, who was in 1335 to marry Alice daughter of John de Bradkirk. (fn. 21) William had a daughter Ismania, (fn. 22) whose daughter Joan married James Pickering, (fn. 23) and in 1402 James and Joan had a dispute with the Abbot of Cockersand respecting 900 acres of land in Preesall held by the abbot, a dispute renewed in 1437 by the plaintiff's son James Pickering. (fn. 24)

It was probably this James who died in 1479 in possession of the manor, but leaving four daughters as co-heirs—Margaret wife of Richard Boteler, Isabel wife of John Leyburne, Mabel wife of Thomas Acclamby and Joan wife of Nicholas Acclamby. Each of them had a fourth part of the manor, (fn. 25) but the descent is by no means clear, as the subdivisions are given differently at different times.

The Boteler share may be that held by the Butlers of Hackinsall. (fn. 26) William Butler died in 1586 holding a fourth part of the manor of Hackinsall, with messuages and lands in Hackinsall, Preesall, Poulton, Thistleton, Staynall and Elswick. (fn. 27) The heir was his grandson William, aged twenty-three, who died in 1613 holding a moiety of the manor of the king in socage, and leaving a son Henry to succeed him. (fn. 28) Henry's daughter Ellen carried the estate to William Fyfe of Wedacre. (fn. 29) Their daughter Catherine became heir, and marrying John Elletson, this part of the manor has descended to Mr. Henry Chandos Elletson of Parrox Hall. (fn. 30) He is said to hold a third part of the manor.

PARROX HALL is a low two-story H-shaped house with rough-cast and whitewashed walls and grey slated roofs, very much modernized, but still preserving some of its ancient features. The building itself offers no architectural evidence of a date earlier than the first half of the 17th century, but there have been so many alterations at different times that it is quite possible the structure may incorporate parts of an earlier building, though whether of date prior to the 16th century it is impossible to say. Any earlier building which may have stood on the same site was probably pulled down wholly or piecemeal at the time the present house was erected or came into being.

The principal front, which is about 75 ft. in length, is now north, but this is probably a later modification of the original design, the entrance having been most likely on the south side, now the garden front. The east or kitchen wing is over 60 ft. in length, but the west wing is very much shorter with only a slight projection north and south. The original plan appears to have been changed, perhaps more than once, and how far the modern work reproduces old features it is now impossible to say. An arched entrance at the south end of the east wing, if it represents in any way an older feature, suggests the entrance gateway to a courtyard on the south side of the house. (fn. 31)

The hall occupies the west end of the main wing and is 22 ft. 6 in. long by 16 ft. in width, with a stone fireplace at the east end. The entrance is in the middle of the north side by a door which appears to be an 18th-century insertion, and the staircase, which occupies a gabled bay in the angle formed by the main and west wings, leads from the north-west corner. The hall and screens may have originally occupied the whole of the middle wing, the eastern end of which is now occupied by the dining-room, but this is uncertain. A modern pointed doorway at the north-east corner, now disused but opening into a passage north of the dining-room between the hall and east wing, if it reproduces an original entrance, suggests the north doorway of the screens, but there is no other evidence that this was so. The hall however, may always have been its present size with a passage-way behind the fireplace as at Speke. The walls are wainscoted their full height with 17thcentury oak in diamond-shaped panels and the staircase has square newels and turned balusters. The floor is flagged diagonally, and the ceiling, which is 8 ft. 8 in. high, is of plain plaster crossed by two cased beams running its greater length. With the exception of four mullioned windows in the north front, a large one of six lights in the west wing and the others in the east wing, all the windows are modern sashes or casements, and externally the building has little or no architectural interest. The interior contains some good oak furniture, but more has been taken away, and in one of the bedrooms is a good oak mantel. There appears to have been a restoration in the 18th century, most of the internal oak panelled doors being apparently of that date, but except for the hall the interior has been almost wholly modernized.

It is not clear what became of the Leyburne share, but that of Thomas and Mabel Acclamby or Aglaby descended to their daughter Agnes, (fn. 32) whose son Thomas Booth succeeded in 1514, and was followed by his brother John Booth, D.D., Archdeacon of Hereford, (fn. 33) after whose death (fn. 34) there was much contention as to the inheritance, which had been augmented to a moiety of the manor. (fn. 35) William Mordaunt and Agnes his wife, who acquired it, were succeeded by William Twynehoe and Etheldreda his wife. (fn. 36) They sold to Edmund Fleetwood of Rossall in 1596, (fn. 37) and it descended to his son Paul in 1622.

The other Acclamby share seems to have been divided between two daughters, of whom one, Mabel, carried an eighth part of the manor to her husband, Reginald Preston, who in 1519 was succeeded by their son Thomas. (fn. 38) This portion was sold to Tunstall, (fn. 39) then to Starkie. (fn. 40) The other eighth part seems to have been held about 1555–68 by Thomas Bewley. (fn. 41)

In 1555 an agreement was made as to the partition of the manor between Sir Marmaduke Tunstall, Thomas Bewley, William Butler and William Mordaunt and Anne (Agnes) his wife. (fn. 42)

The fourth part of the manor held by Robert Dalton of Thurnham in 1578 resulted from the purchase of the Tunstall and Bewley shares (fn. 43); the tenure was not known. (fn. 44) This part was purchased by the above-named Paul Fleetwood in 1618. (fn. 45)

The three-fourths of the manor was in 1729 sold by Edward Fleetwood of Rossall to the executors of Edmund Hornby of Poulton, and to Robert Loxham, vicar of Poulton, in moieties, and in 1797 the former moiety was sold to James Bourne by Geoffrey Hornby the younger. (fn. 46)

In 1813 the manor was held by Daniel Elletson, James Bourne and Robert Loxham. (fn. 47) The second of these seems to have become the chief owner, and Hackinsall Hall descended to his brother Peter, who died in 1846, (fn. 48) and was succeeded by his son Sir James Bourne, bart. (fn. 49) Dying in 1882, he was followed by his son Sir James Dyson Bourne, who survived his father only a year, and the inheritance then passed to his sister Harriet Anne Dyson, who married Mr. James William Seaburne May of Liverpool. He took in 1897 the additional surname of Bourne, and Mrs. Bourne-May continues to own the estate, which is said to include two-thirds of the manor.

HACKINSALL HALL, now used as a farm-house, is a large irregular two-story building of 17th-century date with mullioned and transomed windows, but it retains few or none of its original architectural features, having undergone a very thorough restoration about the year 1873. The walls are entirely of rough-cast, the roofs covered with blue slates, and the mullioned windows throughout are modern. The restoration, however, probably reproduces more or less the original characteristics of the building, though little of the actual structure but the masonry of the walls remains. Built into a low gable on the south side is a stone inscribed:—
the initials being those of Richard and Anne Fleetwood, and the date probably that of the erection of the house.

'The famous boggart of Hackinsall Hall had the appearance of a huge horse, which was very industrious if treated with kindness; thus we hear that every night it was indulged with a fire, before which it was frequently seen reclining, and when deprived of this indulgence by neglect it expressed its anger by fearful outcries.' (fn. 50)

The Cockersand Abbey estate, chiefly in the LOWER END of Pilling, was in 1346 considered a third part of the vill. (fn. 51) After the Dissolution it seems to have been granted out in parcels. (fn. 52) Roger Dalton had some of it, which was sold in 1587 to Robert Bindloss of Borwick, (fn. 53) and he died in 1595 holding the Lower End of Pilling, but the tenure is not recorded. (fn. 54)

At the byrlaw or burley court of Robert Bindloss in 1590 various persons were fined for non-attendance, including John Smith of Stalmine Grange. It was ordered that the watercourses must be 'scoured and drawn' before St. Helen's Day, 'being the 3rd day of May.' Fines were ordered for foldbreak (breaking the lord's pinfold), rescues, bloodwick and hubbleshowe (affray), playing unlawful games, keeping unlawful fences and neglect to ring swine. Turf was not to be taken without the owner's leave; scolding women were to be punished by fine; and 'inmakes or bysiers' were not to be entertained by anyone in the lordship. (fn. 55)

John Lawrence was a partner in the vill in 1346, (fn. 56) and his estate may be that subsequently held by Beconsaw and Clifton of Westby. (fn. 57)

Though it is Preesall which is named in Domesday Book, the manor in later times seems to have been known as Hackinsall j yet in the 16th century and later a manor of Preesall is separately mentioned usually in connexion with Hackinsall. (fn. 58) A family of Bradshaw of Preesall occurs. (fn. 59)

It would appear that Hereward Abbot of Cockersand (1216–35) undertook, in return for the gifts to his abbey, to find a fit monk to celebrate in the chapel of Hackinsall for the souls of King John, Geoffrey and Eva and others, but the chapel is not mentioned again. (fn. 60)

There are now two places of worship in the township. St. Oswald's was built in 1898 in connexion with the Church of England, and is a chapel of ease to Stalmine. Bethel Congregational Chapel was built in 1835 and enlarged in 1888. Services were first begun about 1830, owing to the efforts of the minister of Elswick, who described this district as 'destitute of the Gospel,' but 'ready to attend it if preached.' (fn. 61)

Two schools were founded in Preesall about 1700. (fn. 62)


  • 1. Formerly called the Lower End of Pilling.
  • 2. The Census Rep. of 1901 gives 3,232 acres, including 3 of inland water. There are also 105 acres of tidal water and 5,428 of foreshore. The acreages of the three hamlets separately are—Preesall, 2,038; Hackinsall, 541; and Pilling Lane District, 814.
  • 3. a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
  • 4. V.C.H. Lancs, i, 288b.
  • 5. Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 290.
  • 6. Ibid. 12; it contributed to the aid in 1168–9 together with Preston, &c. Again in 1176–7 it is found paying 1 mark to an aid; ibid. 35.
  • 7. Ibid. 431.
  • 8. Geoffrey in 1201–2 proffered 15 marks to the king for confirmation (ibid. 152), and received a charter accordingly; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 45.
  • 9. Ibid., to be held by the 'free service of free serjeanty.' Robert de Hackinsall had given 10 marks for the confirmation in 1199–1200; Farrer, op. cit. 116, 124.
  • 10. Geoffrey acknowledged the 4 oxgangs of land in Hackinsall and Preesall to be the right of Peter (son of Robert and grandson of Hugh), who was to hold of Geoffrey and his heirs by free serjeanty of performing suit to county and wapentake for Geoffrey's land and of summoning pleas of Geoffrey's court in the vill. Exception was made of 18 acres of land, and the messuage formerly Peter's, a fishery adjoining and an acre of meadow lying east of the path through the ealand called Holm; these were to be Geoffrey's. Peter was released from the payment of 5s. a year for four cows which Geoffrey had farmed to him, and he was at liberty to make two new fisheries on the sea side of Geoffrey's; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 9. From the date of the fine (1199) it appears that Robert died and Peter succeeded in that year.
  • 11. Robert de Hackinsall gave the third part of his land in Hackinsall and Preesall to Cockersand Abbey, his heir assenting; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), i, 72. Nothing further is known of Peter son of Robert, but Alan son of Peter de Hackinsall gave the same abbey land on Northcrofts, Hackinsall and the Coteflatt; also his share in the waste within bounds beginning at the Stockenpool, where there was a cross, and going directly south to the cross on the Tongue; ibid, i, 72–3. Roger de Hackinsall, a defendant in 1292, may have been Alan's successor. Anabil (or Aline) de Preesall had left a son William and a daughter Sabina, who, as her brother's heir, claimed a messuage and land in Preesall from Roger; Assize R. 408, m. 47 d., 63. Roger de Hackinsall was plaintiff and Thomas ton of Thomas de Hambleton defendant in respect of their inheritance from 1301 to 1313; Assize R. 419, m. 4; 424, m. 5. In 1364 Maud widow of Thomas de Carleton claimed land in Hackinsall against Margaret wife of William son of John son of John son of Alan de Hackinsall and Ismania her sister; De Banco R. 417, m. 214.
  • 12. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, 1,44. Geoffrey gave to Cockersand Abbey lands in Preesall, viz. all that between Colecross and Fauerbeck; also 2 oxgangs which Michael the reeve had held, 2 acres in the field called Kirkgate, other parcels, also a fishery on the Wyre to the north of Hackinsall; Cockersand Chartul. i, 67–9. Geoffrey was a benefactor to St. Mary's, Lancaster, giving land for the repair of the church, including the site of a grange which he gave when Ranulf Earl of Chester was at Jerusalem (1219); Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), ii, 352. la 1227 a confirmation of Preesall and Hackinsall was granted to Geoffrey de Rifford (Balistarius in margin); Cal. Chart. R. 1226–57, p. 39.
  • 13. John son of Sir Geoffrey de Hackinsall was also a benefactor of Cockersand, and he and his wife Amabil desired to be buried in the abbey; Cockersand Chartul. 69–71. His charters included part of Licol (Lickow) field, within Hackinsall, and 2 half-oxgangs of land in Freesall; the carr, the deep moss and Sandiford in Preesall are named.
  • 14. Final Conc, i, 96. Eva, as the widow, was in the king's gift, but William de Lancaster had her marriage; Assize R. 404, m. 22. That Geoffrey died about 1246 seems to be implied in a claim by William de Hambleton to prove his liberty against Geoffrey de Hackinsall, ending in his acknowledging that he was John's villein; ibid. m. 4.
  • 15. Ibid. m. 22; it appeared that Geoffrey had had three casks of wine cast up by the sea which the king had granted to him in the name of wreck.
  • 16. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 229; Hackinsall and Preesall were worth £12 a year. The estates were in the escheator's hands for six weeks, during which time £3 3s. was received by him; ibid. 231. The rent of two crossbows due to the king was payable in 1297 to the Earl of Lancaster; ibid. 289. Geoffrey son and heir of John de Hackinsall gave land in Preesall to Lancaster Priory, including the meadow in the field called Flimingswell Syke; also 2 acres in Petit Middleargh in his demesne of Hackinsall; Lanc. Ch. ii, 353. The same Geoffrey made a number of gifts to Cockersand Abbey, confirming also his father's; Chartul. i, 73–81. One clause gave permission for the canons' cattle to cross the sands in summer from Preesall to Cocker. He also allowed a fishery in the Wyre between that of Alan de Hackinsall and one the canons had, for their sustenance. Certain disputes having arisen between him and the canons as to dykes around their lands in Preesall a friendly agreement was made in 1271, by which he allowed them to make a dyke from that at the Blacklache straight across to their eastern dyke; ibid. 83. In 1266–7 Geoffrey the Arbalaster son of John released to Edmund his lord son of King Henry, Richard son of Lyol de Singleton and William his brother, with all their sequela and chattels; Great Coucher, i, fol. 62, no. 14.
  • 17. In that year there was a dispute as to 40 acres in Hackinsall, of which 20 acres were held by John son of Geoffrey de Hackinsall, 9 by Amery widow of Geoffrey, 9 by the Abbot of Cockersand and 2 by the Prior of Lancaster. It was alleged that one Adam de Dissheford had held them, and the claimant was his daughter Alice widow of Simon son of Henry de Hambleton; Assize R. 1268, m. 11 d.
  • 18. Writ of diem cl. extr. issued 25 June 1299; Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (MS.), ii, 27 Edw. I, m. 13.
  • 19. Assize R. 420, m. 10 d. Richard de Hackinsall held the manor, together with Preesall and Hambleton, in 1324, by the service of two crossbows and 40s.; Dods. MSS. exxxi, fol. 40b. The 40s. was for Hambleton.
  • 20. Maud de Preesall in 1331 claimed a messuage and land in Preesall against Richard de Hackinsall, John his son and William the Pinder. It appeared that Richard was dead and John was then tenant. A verdict was recorded against William; Assize R. 1404, m. 18 d.
  • 21. A settlement was made by which the manor of Hackinsall and 4 oxgangs of land in Preesall -were given to John son of Richard de Hackinsall, with remainder to William (son of John) and Alice and their issue. There were a sheep walk, &c held by Jordan del Celer, 20 acres held by William de Hackinsall and Ellen his wife, 12 acres held by Master Edmund de Lacy and Margaret daughter of Richard de Hackinsall and Isabel daughter of Master Edmund; also an oxgang of land held by Thomas de Goosnargh for life; Final Conc, ii, 95. A further agreement as to 5 oxgangs of land in Preesall was made at the same time, these being given to John de Hackinsall and Christiana his wife, with remainder to William their son and Alice his wife, daughter of John de Bradkirk; ibid. 98. In 1346 John de Hackinsall held, a plough-land and a half, the Abbot of Cockersand a plough-land and John Lawrence half a plough-land by the service of two crossbows (or 4s.) yearly; Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 54.
  • 22. William son of John de Hackinsall and Alice his wife in 1357 granted the manor of Hackinsall, with exceptions, to John son of Robert de Dalton for life; Final Conc, ii, 151.
  • 23. The descent is given in Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 534. The name of Ismania's husband is not recorded.
  • 24. Ibid.
  • 25. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 107–8. The manor was held of the king as of his duchy in socage by the annual service of two crossbows or 2s. 8d., and was worth £20 a year. The ages of the daughters were forty, thirty-six, thirtyfour and thirty-three years respectively.
  • 26. The Richard husband of Margaret was son of John Boteler of Rawcliffe, as appears by an arbitration deed of 1478 among the Dalton of Thurnham muniments. The paternity of William Butler, who acquired part of Hackinsall, seems to have been doubtful. He had three aliases —Ward, Parr and Taylor. Richard Butler had two sons, George and Thomas, and a daughter Margaret, who married John Lancelyn; William Butler alleged in 1540 that he was the son of Thomas; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 168, m. 6; 171, m. 14. William Butler of Preesall in 1535 granted the marriage of his son George to Nicholas Butler of Rawcliffe; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 84b. William Butler appears as plaintiff in 549 respecting the fourth part of Hackinsall Hall and lands, &c., Henry Barton and Barbara his wife being defendants. Butler held in common with Sir Marmaduke Tunstall, William Mordaunt, Anne his wife and — Bewley. Barbara claimed by grant of John Booth, as recorded later; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI, xxxi, B 8.
  • 27. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 47; the premises in Hackinsall were said to be held of the queen as of her duchy by the fourth part of a knight's fee and the rest of the estate in socage.
  • 28. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 240–1; all was held of the king in socage. Henry Butler was twentytwo years old. Henry Butler in 1631 compounded for refusing knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 222.
  • 29. Dugdale, Visit. 113. The marriage took place in 1648.
  • 30. Foster, Lancs. Ped.; abstract of tith in possession of W, Farrer. William Elletson and Elizabeth his wife had lands in Hackinsall, Preesall and Stalmine in 1759; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 360, m. 46. James Pickering in 1456 gave Parrock hey to Richard Boteler and Margaret his wife; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 101.
  • 31. a The walls here, however, are of brick and plaster of no particular thickness and are apparently modern.
  • 32. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 60. It appears that her first husband was Roger Booth of Old Durham; she afterwards married Richard Skelton. The fourth part of the manor, with messuages and land in Hackinsall and Preesall, was held of the king by the rent of the fourth part of two crossbows or 2s. 8d. Thomas Booth her son was twenty-four years old.
  • 33. Ibid, vi, no. 56. The estate is described as 'the manors' of Hackinsall and Preesall; it had in 1515 been settled on Alice wife of Thomas Booth and widow of John Lawrence. The service due to the king as duke was two crossbows or 2s. 8d. Thomas Booth died 13 Mar. 1527–8. His brother John was thirtythree years old.
  • 34. John Booth was Archdeacon of Hereford 1523–42; Le Neve, Fasti, i, 481. In 1533 he obtained the king's licence to acquire from John Ashton, John Jackson, Charles Booth and Douce Booth their estate in a fourth part of the demesne lands of Hackinsall, and also to acquire both moieties of another fourth part; L. and P. Hen. VIII, vi, g. 1060 (3). He died in August 1542, leaving a moiety of the manor of Hackinsall, with messuages, &c., there and in Preesall, Stalmine and Staynali, all held of the king as duke by knight's service and a rent of 2s. 8d. His next heir was a niece, Anne Booth, daughter of his brother Charles, aged thirteen; but he had in 1540 demised the moiety of the manor to Francis Booth (son and heir of Roger) and his wife Barbara Booth, the last-named being a cousin, at a rent of £7 a year; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 18; ix, no. 42. The latter inquisition, taken in 1549, gives Agnes (daughter of Charles) as the name of the heiress. Anne and Annes were frequently confused. It would appear that the Booths had acquired the Leyburne share of the manor, and that they were responsible for the whole service due to the duchy.
  • 35. Geoffrey Starkie and Barbara his wife, formerly wife of Francis Booth, in 1550 complained that William Westby detained the title deeds of the moiety of the manor; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI, xxvii, S. 16. They also claimed arrears of rents and profits for saltcotes, with boons, services, &c., against William Mordaunt, Anne his wife and others (ibid, xxxii, S9), and a little later had a further dispute with William Mordaunt and Annes hit wife; ibid. Eliz. xxxix, M 3. From the pleadings it appears that the Starkies held the Booth moiety for the term of a hundred years from 1539 under the grant of Archdeacon Booth; also tie Butler fourth part under grant of William Butler for thirty years from 1538. Sir Marmaduke TunstaH held one-half the remaining part and Thomas Bewley the other half; these portions had also been leased to Geoffrey Starkie, so that he held the whole manor of Hackinsall and Preeeall.
  • 36. William Mordaunt and Anne his wife in 1573 made a settlement of the moiety of the manor of Hackinsall and Preesall, with messuages, dovecote, lands, &c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 35, m. 12. They made a further settlement in 1587, the estate being described as the manor of Preesall and a moiety of the manor of Hackinsall, the remainder being to William Twynehoe and Etheldreda his wife and the heirs of Etheldreda; ibid. bdle. 49, m. 28.
  • 37. Ibid. bdle. 59, m. 171. Edmund Fleetwood died in 1622 holding a moiety of the manor of Hackinsall and Preesall, with lands, &c., of the king as of his duchy by a rent of 2s.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 315– 16.
  • 38. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 18; Mabel died before her husband. Thomas Preston was twenty-two years old. The manor was said to be held of the king as duke by the gerjeanty of rendering to the king two crossbows or 4s.
  • 39. Sir Marmaduke Tunstall (of Thurland) in 1543 purchased the manor of Hackinsall from Wilfrid Preston and Joan his wire; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 69. He died in 1557 holding an eighth part of the manor of Hackinsall and Preesall, with land, &c of the king and queen as of their duchy, by knight's service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 5. His son Francis and Alice his wife in 1563 sold to Geoffrey Starkie; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 138.
  • 40. Geoffrey Starkie has already been mentioned as interested in the manor through his wife Barbara. Thomas Starkie, as nephew and heir of Geoffrey (viz. son of Richard Starkie of Stretton), claimed the manor in 1568 against Richard Hothersall and Edmund Clerkson, who alleged a conveyance from Geoffrey. Hothersall had married Anne daughter of Geoffrey, whose wife Bridget (apparently a second wife) survived him; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. lxxvii, S 16. Barbara's right went to Robert Dalton, and two years later William Mordaunt and Agnes his wife claiming by Charles Booth, her father, sought lands, &c., in Hackinsall against Richard Hothersall, Anne his wife, Bridget Starkie and Robert Dalton; ibid, xciii, M 16; ci, M 10.
  • 41. In 1568 an eighth part of the manor of Hackinsall, with lands in Preesall, a fishery m the Wyre, &c., was held by Thomas Bewley, who in conjunction with his son and heir William conveyed to Richard Hothersall, John Smith and John Aglaby; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 30, m. 81. Of these three Hothersall appears to have conveyed to Dalton; John Aglaby sold in 1582 to Henry Thompson (ibid. bdle. 44, m. 129); and John Smith (of Stalmine Grange) died in 1598 holding two messuages, &c., in Hackinsall and Preesall, tenure not recorded; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 47.
  • 42. Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 197, m. 10.
  • 43. From preceding notes it may be gathered that Richard Hothersall acquired the Tunstall-Starkie eighth and also that of Bewley. See also Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 102b. In 1569 Robert and Thomas Dalton purchased the manor of Hackin sall, with dovecote, lands, &c., from Richard Hothersall and Anne his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 28. William Butler in 1571 complained that in the conveyance by Hothersall to Dalton his fourth part of the manor, the thirty years' lease of which had expired, had been wrongly included; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. xc, B 38.
  • 44. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 1; the heir was Robert Dalton son of Thomas (brother of Robert), who had left a widow Anne.
  • 45. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 94., no. 17. There are a number of references to the Hackinsall estate of the Fleetwood family (1628–57) in Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), and some of the depositions are printed in the introduction to that volume, pp. x–xxiv. In 1658 Richard Fleetwood held the manor of Preesall and a moiety of the manor of Hackinsall, with lands, free warren, &c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 162, m. 164. In 1695 the manor of Hackinsall with Preesall is named among the Fleetwood properties; ibid, bdle. 235, m. 75.
  • 46. Abstract of title in possession of W. Farrer.
  • 47. Pal. of Lanc. Fines, 53 Geo. III, m. 9; Richard Dickson .was plaintiff.
  • 48. Foster, Lancs. Pedigrees. There are family monuments in Stalmine Church.
  • 49. Sometime M.P. for the borough of Evesham.
  • 50. Thornber, Blackpool, 333.
  • 51. See a former note. Rentals from 1451 to 1537 are printed in the Chartul. iii, 1268–71.
  • 52. Part of the Cockersand lands was leased to Roger Dalton for 21 years in 1579, and a lease of the same to other persons was given in 1600; Pat. 21 Eliz. pt. xi; 42 Eliz. pt. xvi. Robert Dalton claimed the messuage, &c., called Tunges in 1601 against Richard Hoghton;Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 436, 457. In 1583 lands in Preesall and Hackinsall, late of Cockersand Abbey, called the Lower End of Pilling, were given to Theophilus and Robert Adams, to be held of the manor of East Greenwich by 5s. rent; Pat. 25 Eliz. pt. iv. Another grant was made to Edward Badby and others in 1622–3; Pat. 20 Jas. I, pt. iii. Land called Tongues, lately of Cockersand Abbey, was in 1588 granted to Edward Wymcock; Pat. 30 Eliz. pt. vii. James Fisher died at Preesall in 1640 holding a messuage, &c., there of the king as of his manor of East Greenwich. His heir was his son John, aged thirtythree; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 16.
  • 53. Dalton probably purchased from Adams. An estate of forty messuages, 500 acres of salt marsh, &c., was in 1586 granted to feoffees by Anne Dalton, widow, Barnaby Kitchin, Hugh Hesketh and Alice his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 48, m. 48. In the following year the feoffees, in conjunction with Roger Dalton, sold the greater part to Robert Bindloss; ibid. bdle. 49, m. 21.
  • 54. Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 7.
  • 55. Preston Guard. 29 June 1878.
  • 56. See a former note. Edmund Lawrence of Lancaster had land in Preesall in 1358; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 7, m. 4d.
  • 57. Cuthbert Clifton in right of William Beconsaw of Wray claimed in 1574 a messuage, &c., in Stalmine, with common of pasture on the waste grounds of Preesall called Preesall Park and Park Moss, and other wastes of Hackinsall and Preesall, Beconsaw also had messuages and lands in Preesall and others, known as Wheatholme Carr, in Hackinsall. He conveyed all to Cuthbert Clifton, whose right to common was denied by Robert Dalton, partly in virtue of a leaae of Cockersand Abbey lands and partly in virtue of his lordship of part of the manor; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. c, C 6. Cuthbert Clifton died in 1580 holding lands, &c in Hackinsall and Preesall of the heirs of Thomas Booth in socage by suit at the court of his manors; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 76, la 1585 the Clifton lands were stated to be held of the queen as of her duchy by the service of two crossbows; ibid, xiv, no. 21; Ct. of Wards Inq. p.m. rxi, 238. In 1581 Roger Dalton claimed turbary in Preesall Moss and a messuage called Quatholme (or Wheatholme) against Robert Carter, whose right was derived from William Beconsaw; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 94,126. Thomas Carter died in 1622 holding land in Hackinsall of the king as duke in socage; George his son and heir was fifteen years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 317.
  • 58. The manor of Preesall is named separately in a deed of 1642 by Henry Philpott and Robert Swayne; Com. Pleas Recov. R. Trin. 18 Chas. I, m. 5. Maud daughter of Sabina de Preesall in 1319 claimed a messuage and land in Preesall from William son of Robert de Ley land; De Banco R. 230, m. 92. See note 10 above. Christiana widow of William Wilcockson claimed dower in a messuage in Preesall in 1342 against John son of John de Poulton; ibid. 332, m. 524. d. Maud daughter of William Wilcockson of Preesall claimed lands there in 1357; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 1. Henry Blundell and Alice his wife in 1371 claimed (in Alice's right) a messuage and land in the same place against Maud daughter of William Wilcockson; De Banco R. 443, m. 306. Thomas Dobson of Preesall made a purchase there in 1355 from Richard Page and Amabilhis wife; Final Conc, ii, 148.
  • 59. Dugdale, Visit. 55. They occur also at Scale in Skerton.
  • 60. Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 216.
  • 61. Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. i, 166–73.
  • 62. Richard Fleetwood's, 1687–95, and Robert Carter's, 1710; End. Char. Rep.