The parish of Whittington

Pages 241-252

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 8. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1914.

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In this section


Witetune, Dom. Bk.; Witington, 1212; Witthinton, 1252; Wyttinton, 1254; Quitanton, 1259; Whytington, 1277; Qwytington, 1300.

Whittington is a township and parish on the right bank of the Lune, with an area of 4,416 acres (fn. 1) and a population in 1901 numbering 390. About a quarter of the extent is formed by the level ground along the Lune; the rest is hilly, heights of 560 ft. and 600 ft. being attained near or on the western border. The township was formerly divided into two parts, Whittington proper to the north, 2,437½ acres, and Newton with Docker to the south, 1,978½ acres. The village of Whittington, with the parish church, lies about a mile from the Lune, where the level tract spoken of begins to rise towards the hills. To the north of it is Sellet and to the south-west is West Hall. Newton is to the south of Whittington, with Coneygarth on its eastern side, and Docker is the south-west corner of the township.

A small house near the church locally known as the manor-house bears the initials W. B. and is dated 1658.

The principal road is one from Arkholme northwards to Kirkby Lonsdale, passing through Newton and Whittington; from it minor roads go west to Docker and to Hutton Roof. The Lune is crossed by a ford leading to Tunstall. The Midland and Furness Railways' Carnforth and Hellifield line just touches the southern border.

The importance of Whittington in 1066 as the head of a lordship did not survive the Conquest, and the later history of the parish has been singularly uneventful. The Scots appear to have wrought great mischief in their raid of 1322, judging by the diminution in the value of the rectory. In 1624 the parish had to pay £1 9s. 9½d. when the hundred raised £100. (fn. 2) The Jacobite forces marched through in 1715; on the high ground on Col. North's estate they made an inclosure for their horses, which is still to be seen.

The parish is governed by a parish council.

William Sturgeon, an electrician of note, was born at Whittington in 1783, and died at Prestwich in 1850. (fn. 3)

The agricultural land in the parish is now used thus: arable, 362 acres; permanent grass, 3,159½ acres; woods and plantations, 249 acres. (fn. 4) The soil is a loam overlying clay. There was formerly some coal mining in the neighbourhood. (fn. 5)


In 1066 WHITTINGTON was the head of a considerable lordship held by Earl Tostig, brother of Harold. The manor itself was assessed as six plough-lands, and the whole lordship, which extended over neighbouring parts of the modern Lancashire, Westmorland and Yorkshire, contained fifty-three plough-lands. Two of the subordinate manors, NEWTON and THIRNBY, each of two plough-lands, soon became absorbed in Whittington. In 1086 the whole was in the king's hands. (fn. 6) Somewhat later the greater part of Whittington proper, with a reduced assessment of five plough-lands, was held by knight's service, while another plough-land, known as LATHEBOTE, (fn. 7) was held in thegnage by a rent of 3s. 4d.

In 1212 Adam de Yseni held the five ploughlands, but had granted this portion to Gilbert Fitz Reinfred, (fn. 8) while the heir of Robertson of Gillemichael held the thegnage plough-land. (fn. 9) This Robert, sometimes described as son of Gillemichael son of Efward (or Esward) and at others as son of Gillemichael de Lathebote, had an estate in Preese in Kirkham. (fn. 10) In 1193–4 he paid 40s. for having the king's goodwill after the rebellion of Count John, (fn. 11) and contributed to a tallage in 1203, (fn. 12) dying, it is supposed, soon afterwards. He was a benefactor to Cockersand Abbey. (fn. 13) His heir was probably the William son of Robert who in 1219 sold 8 oxgangs of land in Lathebote to Gilbert Fitz Reinfred, (fn. 14) who thus became lord of the whole of Whittington. The 3s. 4d. rent is mentioned in later inquisitions.


The chief lordship, with part of the land, descended, like other of the Lancaster inheritance, through the Lindsays to the Gynes and Coucy family, and at length reverted to the Crown in right of the duchy, in the way already narrated under Nether Wyresdale. After the death of William de Lancaster in 1246 his manors of Whittington, Thornton, &c., remained for some years in the king's hands for debt; in 1254 they were leased by the tenant, Sir William de Valence, to Walter de Lindsay. (fn. 15) In 1258 Madoc de Aughton (or le Waleys) claimed 5 oxgangs of land in Whittington against William de Lindsay and William Sturnel, (fn. 16) and the tenement, as 3 oxgangs, was in the following year released by Madoc to Walter de Lindsay. (fn. 17)

In 1285 the manors of Warton and Whittington were held by Ingram de Gynes and Christiana his wife, (fn. 18) and they were the chief lords in 1300, (fn. 19) while in 1302 Ingram held the fourth part and the sixth part of a knight's fee in Whittington and Yealand. (fn. 20) In 1318 this manor was settled upon Ingram and Christiana for their lives, with remainders to Baldwin de Gynes and issue and his brother Robert, for life only. (fn. 21) Ingram and Christiana were in 1324 found to have held of Baldwin certain lands and a mill in Whittington. (fn. 22) At the same time the rents of Thomas Earl of Lancaster were found to have included 3s. 4d. from Ingram de Gynes for the tenement formerly held by Gillemichael. (fn. 23) William de Coucy in 1340 obtained a grant of free warren in his manors, including Whittington. (fn. 24) Robert son of Ingram de Gynes, having taken the French side when Edward III went to war, forfeited his manor of Whittington with his other estates. (fn. 25)

After the later restoration of the family to favour the holding of William son of William de Coucy was defined as the third part of the manor of Whittington, and was held of the Duke of Lancaster by knight's service and a rent of 3s. 4d. (fn. 26) On reverting to the Crown after the death of Philippa Duchess of Ireland the manor of Whittington was granted out with other parts of the fee. (fn. 27) A lease for twenty-one years was in 1554 granted to Henry Earl of Cumberland, (fn. 28) but just before it expired—namely, in 1573— this manor, under the name of GARNYGARTH or Grangegarth, was sold to Richard Robson and another, (fn. 29) who were probably agents for Francis Tunstall of Thurland. (fn. 30)

Francis Tunstall was in 1584 engaged in disputes with Lord Morley and Elizabeth his wife, and he stated that there was no 'manor of Whittington' known by that time absolutely, though that name was commonly applied to his manor of Garnygarth. (fn. 31) One Thomas Newton appears to have had an interest in this manor, which was in 1585 purchased from Tunstall and Newton by Henry Brabin of Docker, (fn. 32) who in 1590 came to a further agreement with Thomas Newton. (fn. 33) Henry Brabin died in 1617 holding the manor of Garnygarth or Grangegarth and the capital messuage called Whittington Hall, with lands called Nether Blees, &c., in Whittington and Newton, capital messuages called the Hurst and Docker Hall and various lands. All was held of the king as of his duchy of Lancaster. (fn. 34) His son William, who succeeded, died a year later, and his eldest son John died in 1623 holding various messuages and lands in Newton and Docker of the king as Duke of Lancaster by the hundredth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 35) His heir, his brother William, then seventeen years of age, died at Docker in 1638, leaving a son and heir Henry Brabin, five years old. (fn. 36) Henry recorded a pedigree in 1664, when his son William was seven years old. (fn. 37) Thomas Brabin, one of the family, owner of lands in Burtreber, Garnygarth, Newclose, &c., took part with Charles I in 'the first war,' and had to compound for his estate with the Parliament. (fn. 38) The Brabin manor and estates were afterwards conveyed by marriage to John North of Docker, and were sold to Carus of West Hall.

Brabin of Docker. Argent on a fesse humetty gules three leopards' faces or.

Another part of Whittington was probably granted to the Cansfield family, for in 1271–2 Christiana widow of Walter de Lindsay made a claim against Alina, guardian of the lands and heir of Richard de Cansfield at Whittington. (fn. 39) This estate descended to the Harringtons of Farleton and Hornby, (fn. 40) and appears to be the 'manor of Whittington' which is recorded in the Mounteagle inquisitions in the 16th century. (fn. 41) It included Sellet. From a document cited by Dr. Whitaker it seems that Lord Mounteagle in 1529–30 claimed a superior lordship of Whittington as an appurtenance of Hornby, (fn. 42) but this was unfounded. In 1597 an estate of eighteen messuages, lands, &c., in Whittington, Docker, Newton and Over Kellet was transferred to Henry Brabin and others by William Parker Lord Mounteagle, Elizabeth his wife and Henry Parker. (fn. 43) The 'manor' is not mentioned, but this seems to have been an alienation of the Mounteagle tenement, which probably became to a great extent merged in the Brabin lands and manor.

Whittington Church: West Tower

Yet another portion, probably a third part, must have been granted to Richard son of Roger, lord of Woodplumpton, who died about 1200, or to his ancestors. (fn. 44) This may have been anterior to the grant of the whole to Gilbert Fitz Reinfred. Quenilda, widow of Roger Gernet and one of the daughters of Richard of Woodplumpton, was in 1252 found to have held 5¼ oxgangs of land—nearly the third part of two plough-lands-of the heirs of Sir William de Lindsay by a rent of 4s. 5d., a rent indicating 6s. 8d. for a plough-land. (fn. 45) Later, moieties of Richard's inheritance were held by the Stockport and Beetham families. Thus in 1254 Ralph de Beetham held 7½ oxgangs of Walter de Lindsay by a rent of 6s. 8¼d. (fn. 46) The Stockport moiety with part of the Lindsay lordship was acquired by Alan de Copeland, who held part of the adjacent Kirkby Lonsdale, (fn. 47) and his heir transferred his manor, somewhat later called West Hall, to John de Hudleston, (fn. 48) giving portionsalso to William le Gentyl and Philippa his wife (fn. 49) and others. What became of the Beetham part is not known—it may be that afterwards stated to be held by the Morthing family and known as Morthinglands, (fn. 50) but may have been acquired by the Harringtons. (fn. 51)

Of these three manors, in addition to which there was also a rectory manor, the most important, though not the first in rank, was that of WEST HALL, which was granted to a younger branch of the Hudleston or Huddleston family, seated there for nearly three centuries. John de Hudleston in 1301 obtained a grant of free warren in his demesne lands of Whittington and Holme. (fn. 52) In the same year he settled the manors of Whittington and Clayton-le-Dale upon a younger son Robert, (fn. 53) who is not heard of again, with remainder to another son Adam, who succeeded, (fn. 54) and was followed by his son John. (fn. 55) The descent is obscure, but Richard Hudleston died in 1415 holding the manor of West Hall and the advowson of Whittington Church of Sir Richard Hudleston of Millom in Cumberland by knight's service, Sir Richard in turn holding of the king as Duke of Lancaster by knight's service and doing suit to county and wapentake. (fn. 56)

Ralph Hudleston, the son and heir of Richard, was twenty-six years of age. In 1428 he took service in the French wars in the retinue of the Earl of Salisbury (fn. 57); he died ten years later. (fn. 58) The lordship descended (fn. 59) to Miles Hudleston, who died in July 1577 holding the manor of Whittington alias West Hall, with the advowson of the church, of the queen as of her duchy by the hundredth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 60) His heir, an infant daughter Anne, afterwards (1589) married Thomas son of Christopher Carus of Halton, (fn. 61) and in 1598 they made a settlement of the manor and advowson. (fn. 62) West Hall descended like Halton for more than a century, (fn. 63) and, as above stated, the other manor or manors became joined with it by purchase from John North.

The Carus family had been much reduced in fortune, partly, no doubt, owing to their adherence to the Roman Catholic religion, and after the Revolution to the Stuart cause; and after the death of Thomas Carus in 1716 the estates in part had to be sold by order of the Court of Chancery. Thus in 1732 the manor of Whittington was acquired by James Bordrigge, of a family long settled in the neighbourhood, (fn. 64) and by the marriage of his daughter and heir Alice to Oliver North of Newton, representative of a younger branch of the Norths of Docker, it came to the ancestors of the present holder. Their son Miles inherited the Thurland lordship; his son Richard Toulmin North dying unmarried in 1865 was succeeded by his grand-nephew Mr. North Burton, who then assumed the surname of North. He died 11 April 1910, and was succeeded by his son Colonel Bordrigge North North, C.B., M.V.O., the present lord of the manor. (fn. 65)

North of Newton. Per pale azure and sable a lion passant between in chief two fleurs de lis and in base a quatrefoil or.

Newton Hall is built on the site of an old building of which little remains but a door with the initials of Oliver and Janet North and the date 1678.

At the sale in 1732 there were rents of £2 14s. 4d. payable to the lord of the manor, and boon hens and services such as ploughing had to be rendered. The customary tenants on the death of a lord or tenant paid eight years' customary rent as a fine and on every alienation sixteen years' customary rent. A female heir had also to pay sixteen years' rent for admittance; on her marriage her husband became tenant and paid an additional eight years' rent. The sole right of getting millstones or freestone on the moor belonged to the lord of the manor. The earliest court roll extant is dated 1654; the records of the manor have been preserved regularly from 1702. Courts are still held. (fn. 66)

The family of North (fn. 67) appears at Docker in the 16th century, (fn. 68) but had been settled there much earlier, as Thomas North in his will of 1585 desired to be buried with his ancestors in Whittington Church. In 1574 Edward North was bound to supply arms to the muster. (fn. 69) He was among the freeholders in 1600. (fn. 70) In 1630 John North compounded for his recusancy by an annual payment of £6, (fn. 71) and the following year was called upon to pay for refusing knighthood. (fn. 72) The lands of Richard North the younger of Docker, son of John North, were in 1652 ordered for sale by the Parliament. His 'delinquency' is not stated. He was allowed to compound. (fn. 73) Docker Hall descended to Thomas North, who died in 1790, after which it was in 1825 sold to Joseph Gibson of Kirkby Lonsdale. (fn. 74)

Docker Hall, now a farm-house, is of little or no architectural or antiquarian interest, having been very much modernized and altered, but the older walls belong to the original late 16th or early 17thcentury house. It is of two stories, but has been whitewashed and the roof is covered with blue slates. Nearly all the mullioned windows have been built up. Two loose stones, found not far from the house and now built into the outbuildings, bear the dates 1622 and 1633 respectively, the latter with the initials WEB, and on a later addition is a stone with the initials THM and the date 1721. The house stands high up on the hill-side.

LOWER DOCKER HALL, which, as its name implies, stands near the bottom of the hill, is also a farm-house, and retains little of its original appearance, having been much altered and modernized. A few 17th-century mullioned windows remain, but the house, which is of two stories, is without architectural interest. In a detached building used as a barn close to the house a piece of 15th-century oak carving was discovered in 1909. (fn. 75)

On the sale of the Carus estates Whittington Hall, but not the manor, and other portions were sold to purchasers whose representatives in 1830 sold to Thomas Greene, M.P. for Lancaster, and his grandson Mr. Henry Dawson Greene is now the owner. (fn. 76) The present hall was built in 1831 in the Gothic style on the site of a much older house, which had long been used as a farm-house. The building is stated to incorporate part of an ancient peel tower; there are extensive grounds around it. West Hall, about half a mile south-east, after being held by Benison and Fenwick, (fn. 77) now also belongs to Mr. Greene, who has been noticed already as lord of the manor of Slyne and one of the lords of Cockerham.

Manors of NEWTON (fn. 78) and DOCKER (fn. 79) are also named, but nothing remains to be told of them.

SELLET (fn. 80) appears to have been included in the Harrington manor, but was to a considerable extent owned by Cockersand Abbey. (fn. 81) The tenants were named Baines, and this family occurs from early times (fn. 82) down to the 17th century. Robert Baines died in 1588 holding his capital messuage of Sellet of Lord Mounteagle as of his manor of Hornby by a rent of 15s. John his son and heir was sixteen years old in 1603. (fn. 83) During the minority there were disputes as to common rights in Sellet Wood. (fn. 84) John Baines of Sellet in 1630 compounded by a fine of £10 a year for the two-thirds of his estate liable to be sequestered for recusancy. (fn. 85) In 1652 John Baines son of Colonel Baines of Sellet, apparently a prisoner in Newgate, wrote to Edward Moore of Bank Hall for assistance, as his estate had been sequestered. (fn. 86) Sellet was afterwards acquired by the Carus family, (fn. 87) and is now owned by Dr. W. S. Paget-Tomlinson of Kirkby Lonsdale. (fn. 88)

SELLET HALL, which stands on high ground at the north-east end of the parish and is now a farmhouse, is a two-story building, apparently of 17th-century date, (fn. 89) with mullioned and transomed windows, but it has been very much altered and modernized, and has lost nearly all its architectural features. It seems, however, to have been originally a house of considerable interest, and the large bay window to the hall and other transomed openings in the principal or south front, though now many of the lights are built up, preserve something of its original character. The roof, however, is a modern slated one running the length of the building, with overhanging eaves carried on over the projecting portions of the front, giving it an undistinguished appearance. The hall has been curtailed at the west end, but was originally about 25 ft. 6 in. by 19 ft., with a square bay window 10 ft. 6 in. by 5 ft. 6 in. of six lights on the south side. The doorway, now built up, was in the south-west corner, and the fireplace, which has a flat moulded arch, on the north side. The east wall retains some oak wainscot in square-framed panels, and two flat arched doorways with moulded jambs and heads lead to the rooms at the east end of the house. In one of these is some original oak panelling, and the staircase which lies to the north-east of the hall in a projecting bay likewise retains some original wainscot. Externally at the back the staircase bay and the hall chimney break up the otherwise straight lines of the building. The walls are of rubble masonry with dressed quoins, and the south front, which is about 50 ft. in length, faces on to a garden.

There were families surnamed Whittington (fn. 90) and Newton. (fn. 91) The Daltons, (fn. 92) and under them the Berwicks of Borwick, long had an estate in the township. (fn. 93) The inquisitions and other records afford a few further particulars of the former landholders. (fn. 94) Cartmel Priory had land at one time, but gave it to Alan de Copeland in exchange for some in Allithwaite. (fn. 95) In the time of Charles I a decision was given against a custom of tenant right claimed there. (fn. 96)

An inclosure award was made in 1817. (fn. 97)


The church of ST. MICHAEL (fn. 98) stands on high ground (fn. 99) on the northwest side of the village, and consists of a chancel 30 ft. 6 in. by 18 ft. 6 in., with north vestry and organ chamber and short south aisle, clearstoried nave 50 ft. by 18 ft. 6 in., with north and south aisles, south porch, and west tower 12 ft. 9 in. by 11 ft. 9 in., the greater length from west to east; all these measurements being internal. The eastern part of the church is new, dating from 1875, in which year the whole building underwent a very thorough restoration, and except for the tower the exterior presents few features of antiquarian interest; for, though the old walls remain, new windows have been inserted in both aisles and clearstory, the walling redressed and refaced and a new roof erected. The general appearance, therefore, is that of a modern Gothic church built up to an older tower. The chancel and nave are under one continuous roof of green slate with overhanging eaves, and the aisles have lean-to roofs. The porch is of timber on a stone base, and replaced in 1875 a stone one with rounded arch and gable erected in the 18th century. Fragments of cheveron and cable moulding are built into the wall within the porch on each side of the south door and also into the tower, but these are the only traces of the building which seems to have stood on the same site in the 12th century. The moulded base of a 13th-century pier, used in a reversed position as the capital of one of the present piers of the north arcade, suggests a possible rebuilding at that period, but what remains of the original structure appears to be a 16th-century reconstruction of an earlier church retaining the 15th-century tower. In 1717 the building was 'decayed,' but was shortly afterwards restored, (fn. 100) being described in 1722 as 'in good repair, but not yet quite finished.' The walls are of rubble masonry, and before 1875 were covered with rough-cast, but this may have been part of the 18th-century work. The church was a plain building with square-headed windows to aisles and clearstory, on plan a parallelogram measuring internally 72 ft. by 36 ft., widening out to 38 ft. at the east end, and with a small vestry in the north-east corner. In 1875 the chancel was extended 13 ft., a new and larger vestry built, the east end generally rearranged, the old square pews which filled the church removed and modern benches inserted. The south aisle was not extended, its east wall marking the original extent of the building, but the new vestry on the north side was carried out to within 3 ft. of the chancel wall.

Plan of Whittington Church

The east window is of three lights with perpendicular tracery, placed high up in the wall, and there are similarly placed windows of twc lights on the north and south of the sanctuary. There is no structural division between the chancel and nave, the same modern open-timbered roof being continued over both. The north side of the chancel has a length of blank wall with door to the vestry, and a single modern pointed arch to the organ chamber, and on the south side there is a corresponding arch at the west end with a half arch springing from a new pier abutting against the wall of the sanctuary. The nave is separated from the chancel by a modern oak screen, and has arcades of four pointed arches of two chamfered orders on octagonal piers, the easternmost arch being 3 ft. wider in span than the others. The aisles are of slightly different width, the northern one being 7 ft. 3 in. and the southern 6 ft. 6 in. wide; and the height of the piers also differs, those on the north side being 7 ft. to the top of the capitals and those on the south side 7 ft. 6 in. On the south the capitals are of very plain character with square and hollow members, but on the north the first and third piers from the west have moulded capitals, and the middle one is the 13th-century base already referred to. The windows of the aisles are of three lights with square traceried heads, and those of the clearstory single quatrefoil or circular openings.

The tower, which is 50 ft. high, has a projecting vice in the north-east corner and diagonal angle buttresses of seven stages going up to the underside of the string course below the embattled parapet. The west door has a pointed arch with hood mould and double hollow-moulded jambs and head, and the west window is a square-headed one of three roundheaded lights with external hood mould. The belfry windows are of similar type, but without hood moulds, and have wood louvres. The internal stages of the tower are not indicated on the outside, the north and south sides being quite plain, but on the west side, between the window and the belfry, is a niche with incurved trefoil head containing a modern figure of the Good Shepherd, and on the east side, towards the village, is a clock. (fn. 101) The tower arch is of two chamfered orders dying into the wall at the springing, the weathering of the 15th-century roof being visible above. (fn. 102) It is open to the church, and the floor is 1 ft. 9 in. above that of the nave, owing to the slope of the ground. The lower part of the tower, which has a hipped lead roof with good iron weather-vane, is used as the baptistery, a large font of polished limestone being modern. An old circular stone font, probably of 17th-century date, lies on the south side of the churchyard near the porch. (fn. 103)

On the south side, from which there is an approach from the village across the fields, the ground falls rapidly from the church, but on the west it rises in the form of a mount, (fn. 104) on the top of which is a stone sundial shaft on a square base of five steps, which may have been the steps of a cross. The shaft, which is 3 ft. 3 in. high, appears, however, to have been made for the dial, which bears the inscription 'Ex dn. Ric. Jackson Rector de Whittington An. Dn. 1641.'

There is a ring of six bells. The treble is by E. Seller of York, 1739, and is Inscribed 'Gloria in Altissimis Deo' and with the names of George Hornby, rector, and four churchwardens. The second, inscribed 'Prosperity to this Parish,' is by A. Rudhall, 1754; the third, fourth, and fifth by Taylor & Co. of Loughborough, 1875, (fn. 105) and the tenor is a recasting in 1875 by Taylor of a bell founded in 1673, and bears both dates.

The plate consists of a silver-gilt chalice with the maker's initials 'W.R.,' the only other marks being indecipherable; a modern silver-gilt paten; and a large paten and silver-gilt flagon, both inscribed 'In usum Ecclesiae Whittingtoniensis Ao. Dnj. 1719. Donum Leonardi Jackson, A.M. Rector de Tatham filij Richi. Jackson (fn. 106) nuper Rectoris de Whittington in Com. Lancastriae.'

The registers begin in December 1538. The first two volumes (1538–1764) have been printed. (fn. 107) The tithe map is kept at the rectory.


As Whittington was the head of a great lordship before the Conquest, it is probable that some chapel existed there from an early time, though it may not have become a parish church till later. Robert son of Gillemichael is said to have given the advowson to Cartmel Priory before 1200, and the priors had an annual pension of 2 or 4 marks from the rectory till the Suppression. (fn. 108) It appears that Henry son of William son of Swain, a clerk, held Little Carleton in Amounderness about 1230, and took the surname of Whittington from his church. (fn. 109) On the division of the manor disputes as to the advowson began. In 1292 Ingram de Gynes and Christiana his wife, the chief lords, claimed the advowson against Alan de Copeland, but it was shown that the ancestors of Richard de Stockport had presented to the church. (fn. 110) At a vacancy in 1298 the king as guardian of the lands of his brother Edmund claimed the presentation against John de Hudleston, William le Gentyl and Philippa his wife. The defendants replied that the last rector had been presented not by Earl Edmund but by Alan de Copeland, in right of a certain oxgang of land in Whittington; this oxgang Alan had granted to Philippa, together with the advowson and a rent of 7s. from the land, while he had granted the manor, to which the advowson was appurtenant, to John de Hudleston. The verdict was in favour of the last-named. (fn. 111)

Two years later there was a further inquiry, on a proposal (which was rejected) to grant 2 acres of land and the advowson to the Prior of Cartmel, whose right to 2 marks pension was acknowledged. It was found that Thomas de Beetham held a third part of the advowson of Ingram de Gynes and Christiana his wife, who held of the king. John de Hudleston held the other two-thirds in virtue of a grant from Alan de Copeland; one-third was held by him of Robert de Stockport, who held of Ingram de Gynes, while the other third was held immediately of Ingram. William le Gentyl and Philippa his wife put in a claim to the third part of the advowson, in virtue of another grant by Alan de Copeland. (fn. 112) Some further disputes occurred from time to time, (fn. 113) but the advowson continued to descend with the West Hall manor of the Hudleston and Carus family until the disposal of the Carus estates at the beginning of the 18th century. (fn. 114) It was then, like the advowson of Halton, divided from the manor, and was in 1718 purchased by Edmund Hornby of Poulton-le-Fylde, whose descendant, Major E. G. S. Hornby of Dalton, is the present patron.

The right of the Prior of Cartmel was investigated in 1334; but though the evidence seemed to establish it, (fn. 115) no more than a pension of 4 marks was ever allowed in practice. (fn. 116)

There is a small rectory manor, and fees are payable on alienation. Records of it are extant from 1758, from which time each successive rector has admitted tenants. (fn. 117)

The value of the rectory was taxed at £16 in 1 291, but after the ruin caused by the Scottish invasion of 1322 the estimate was reduced to £3 6s. 8d. (fn. 118) This was also the value of the ninth of sheaves, &c., in 1341. (fn. 119) In 1527 the value of the rectory was stated as £24, (fn. 120) but in 1535 the net value was given as only £13 9s. 9½d. (fn. 121) In 1650 the profits of the rectory were 'commonly reputed' to be £137 a year, there being no composition or prescription to limit the claim for tithe, except for hay in Docker. (fn. 122) In 1717 the income was about £120. (fn. 123) The net value is now given as £220. (fn. 124)

The following have been rectors:—

Instituted Name Patron Cause of Vacancy
C. 1200 Henry son of William (fn. 125) Prior of Cartmel
c. 1240 William de Rotherfield (fn. 126) Archdeacon of Richmond d. Henry
2 Dec. 1292 Mr. John Lovel (fn. 127) Edmund Earl of Lancaster
13 Jan. 1296–7 Thomas de Weston (fn. 128) John de Hudleston res. J. Lovel
oc. 1305 Robert de Hudleston (fn. 129) " res. T. de Weston
oc. 1311 John de Lucton (fn. 130) Prior of Cartmel d. R. de Hudleston
Roger Scott (fn. 131) Richard de Hudleston depr. J. de Linton
William Felagh (fn. 132) " res. R. Scott
oc. 1344 William de Newton (fn. 133)
14 Sept. 1377 Reginald de Westbury (fn. 134) Archdeacon of Richmond
9 July 1380 William Baines (fn. 135) John de Hodleston
oc. 1401–17 Thomas del Green (fn. 136)
12 Jan. 1419–20 Edmund Yealand (fn. 137) Ralph Hudleston d. T. del Green
c. 1448 William Hudleston (fn. 138) Katherine Hudleston res. E. Yealand
c. 1506 William Ashton (fn. 139) Richard Hudleston
c 1530 Mr. Miles Hudleston (fn. 140)
c. 1560 Thomas Bland (fn. 141)
14 Apr. 1576 Hugh Conway, M.A. (fn. 142) Francis Tunstall d. last incumbent
9 July 1576 John Newton (fn. 143) Miles Hudleston
21 Sept. 1630 Daniel Meyre (fn. 144) Thomas Covell d. J. Newton
The King
14 July 1641 Richard Jackson, M.A. (fn. 145) Edward Middleton d. D. Meyre
The King
30 June 1681 Thomas Bouch, M.A. (fn. 146) Christopher Carus d. R. Jackson
17 Sept. 1716 George Hornby, M.A. (fn. 147) Edmund Hornby d. T. Bouch
20 Feb. 1747–8 Thomas Nicholson (fn. 148) Edmund Hornby d. G. Hornby
Susannah Hornby
10 Apr. 1755 Robert Ravald, M.A. (fn. 149) Edmund Hornby res. T. Nicholson
2 Apr. 1768 Robert Oliver, M.A. (fn. 150) Geoffrey Hornby d. R. Ravald
26 July 1782 Thomas Horton, LL.B. (fn. 151) Rev. Geoffrey Hornby res. R. Oliver
6 May 1791 Benjamin Banner, M.A. (fn. 152) " res. T. Horton
21 Aug. 1793 Thomas Butler, M.A. (fn. 153) " res. B. Banner
16 May 1825 William Carus Wilson, M.A. (fn. 154) William Carus Wilson d. T. Butler
3 Jan. 1834
7 Apr. 1857 Edward Pigot, M.A. (fn. 155) Edmund Hornby res. W. C. Wilson
18 Apr. 1905 John Hodgkin (fn. 156) E. G. S. Hornby d. E. Pigot

There was no endowed chantry, though there were chapels at Newton and Sellet, the remains of which stood till recent times. (fn. 157) The Visitation List of 1548 records only three names—Miles Hudleston, the rector, perhaps non-resident; Thomas Bland, rector in 1562; and Richard Godsalfe, vicar of Boltonle-Sands in 1562. The same names are given in the 1554 list, but in 1562 the rector was alone (fn. 158); in later times this appears to have been the rule, but there was a curate when the rector did not reside. In 1722 the churchwardens reported to the bishop that their minister administered the holy sacrament four times a year, wore a surplice, preached every Lord's Day and was very careful in instructing youth in the Church Catechism. There was one Quaker in the parish.

The first school was built in 1763.

In 1689 Thomas Slater's house in Whittington was certified as a Presbyterian meeting-place. (fn. 159)


An official inquiry was made into the parish charities in 1899. The report, issued the same year, includes a reprint of the 1826 report. The principal charity is that of William Margison, who in 1759 left £820, partly for the school as above and partly for the poor. The charity has now an income of £27 4s., of which, under a scheme of the Charity Commissioners made in 1867, the school receives £13, the remainder being applicable generally for the benefit of the poor. The old custom was to distribute the money in small doles.

Mary Hardy, widow, in 1736 left £20 for four poor widows. A small plat of land was purchased and called 'the widows' dale,' and this was augmented on the inclosure, the rent of the former being divided equally among four widows and the latter piece being sold. The same course is still pursued; the rent of the original plat is £2 14s., and the £8 received for the augmentation has accumulated at interest and is now £26.

Elizabeth Redman in 1756 left £20 for good books for poor boys, 'common plain Bibles and Testaments and the Whole Duty of Man.'The present income, 20s. 4d., is applied to the purchase of Bibles given to boys and girls on leaving school.

George Hornby, a former rector, left a rent-charge of £2 for the poor, but payment was discontinued in 1813.

Richard Sparling Berry in 1837 bequeathed £500 for the benefit of 'such poor, honest and industrious persons' resident in the parish 'as should without parochial relief or assistance meritoriously educate their children and train them in the path of piety and honesty.' In 1847 a sum of £330 was received and invested in consols, the income now being £10 10s. The charity is administered in accordance with the benefactor's wishes. (fn. 160)


  • 1. The Census Rep. 1901 gives 4,418 acres, including 21 of inland water.
  • 2. Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 23.
  • 3. Dict. Nat. Biog.
  • 4. a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
  • 5. A 'worker at coal mines' occurs in the parish register in 1662–3. There are similar entries more recently. The coal measures crop up to the east, round Ingleborough.
  • 6. V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
  • 7. The name is now lost. The estate probably represented the older Thirnby.
  • 8. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 1, 79. Adam de Yseni held lands of the honour of Lancaster in Wellingore, Lincs.; ibid. 101. In 1157–8 a William de Yseni attested at Lancaster a charter by William Count of Boulogne; Fairer, Lancs. Pipe R. 308. Adam de Yseni paid 20s. to a scutage in 1205–6; ibid. 205, 216.
  • 9. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 90.
  • 10. Ibid. 29.
  • 11. Farrer, op. cit. 78.
  • 12. Ibid. 178, 204.
  • 13. He granted an oxgang and half an oxgang of land in Lathebote, an acre on Lunewath and other parcels to the abbey; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.) iii, 940–4.
  • 14. Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 1, 42. In return William received 2 oxgangs of land in Warton and a rent of 8s. from Thistleton, but he was to pay 2s. a year to Gilbert and his heirs.
  • 15. Cal. of Doc. Scot. i, 373.
  • 16. Curia Regis R. 160, m. 13 d.; 162, m. 21 d. William Sturnel and Eva his daughter are named in the Cockersand Chartul. iii, 945.
  • 17. Final Conc, i, 131.
  • 18. De Banco R. 60, m. 44.; Cal. Close, 1279–88, p. 359.
  • 19. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 306.
  • 20. Ibid. 317.
  • 21. Final Conc, ii, 65.
  • 22. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 165.
  • 23. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 170. The Doomsman of Whittington is named in 1324 as owing suit to the wapentake of Lonsdale; Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 108.
  • 24. Chart. R. 14 Edw. III, m. 2, no. 7.
  • 25. Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 58. William de Coucy temporarily received the forfeited manors of Robert de Gynes; they were held by knight's service of the Earl of Lancaster; Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 51. Another inquisition, partly illegible, records the values of the demesne lands of Whittington in Lonsdale and the pasture of Thirnby, where 6 oxgangs of land were held by tenants at will; the total annual value was £8 4s. 3d.; ibid. 20 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 63.
  • 26. This was in 1375; ibid. 49 Edw. III, pt. i, no. 22. The 3s. 4d. was thegnage rent for Robert son of Gillemichael's plough-land. During the Coucy forfeiture the manors had been granted to John de Coupland and Joan his wife, and Joan held by the tenure just stated; ibid. no. 29. In 1372 Joan, then widow of John de Coupland, complained that Thomas son of Robert Baines had cut down her trees at Whittington and carried them away; De Banco R. 445, m. 178. Aymer Darcy, the king's yeoman, had received the manor in 1344; Cat. Pat. 1343–5. pp. 355. 359. In 1346 accordingly he was found to hold one ploughland in Whittington for the moiety and the sixth part of a knight's fee, paying 2s. 6d. for castle ward; Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 82.
  • 27. See for example the inquisitions of John Duke of Bedford (1435) and Margaret Countess of Richmond (1509); also references in the calendars of Patent Rolls to leases to the Parrs and others.
  • 28. Pat. 1 Mary, pt. iv. The lease, like earlier ones, included Nether Wyresdale, &c.
  • 29. Pat. 15 Eliz. pt. x. Nether Wyresdale was sold the following year.
  • 30. The Tunstalls had long had an estate in Whittington. John de Tunstall occurs in 1297; De Banco R. 121, m. 209. William Tunstall died in 1499 seised of the manor of Newton and twenty messuages, 500 acres of land, &c., called Morthinglands, held as to Newton of Margaret Countess of Richmond, and as to Morthinglands of the king as duke by knight's service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 37. A similar return was made in 1514; ibid, iv, no. 3. For the Morthing family see note 49 below.
  • 31. Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. cxxxiii, M 2. Tunstall claimed by conveyance from Robson, and denied that Lord Morley (in right of his wife Elizabeth, heir of the Mounteagles) was anything more than a freeholder in the manor. His complaint was due to Richard Thornton and others having intruded on 200 acres lately inclosed from the wastes of the manor. The dispute had begun in 1578, when Thornton and the rest had alleged in defence that they held of 'the manor of Whittington, some of Robert Bindloss, some of Sir William Stanley Lord Mounteagle, who was guardian of the heir of Miles Hudleston, and of William Baines'; ibid. cviii, T 7. It appears that an order was made that Thornton and the other intruders should pay 1s. rent for each acre of the inclosed land, for in 1591 Francis Tunstall, son of the purchaser, complained that they refused to pay; ibid, clv, T 4.
  • 32. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 47, m. 148. The deforciants were Francis Tunstall, Anne his wife, Thomas Newton anJ Margaret his wife. For some further particulars of the Brabins see Westmorland Note-bk. 292.
  • 33. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 52, m. 24.
  • 34. Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cccci, 110; Thomas his son and heir was over fifty years of age. The details are also recorded in the inquisition after the death of his grandson William; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 69. Henry Brabin's will (1613) is recited; it names his grandsons John son of William and Henry son of Thomas. One Thomas Brabin died in 1638 holding a messuage, &c., in Whittington and leaving a son Henry, aged forty-two; ibid. xxx, no. 2.
  • 35. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 415.
  • 36. Inq. p.m. as above.
  • 37. Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 46.
  • 38. Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 215. His fine was £107; Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 2017. Burtreber had belonged to Cockersand Abbey. There was a rent due to the Crown.
  • 39. Curia Regis R. 208, m. 31.
  • 40. In 1312 John de Harrington, as grandson and heir of Richard de Cansfield, claimed a messuage, &c., against Geoffrey the Harper, who had married Olive widow of Roger Baines, life tenant under the said Richard; De Banco R. 195, m. 268. Olive was a widow in 1307, when Joan widow of William Baines claimed dower against her and against Richard Baines and Roger son of William Baines; ibid. 164, m. 54 d.; 181, m. 63 d. In 1341 the same John de Harrington as son of Agnes daughter of Richard de Cansfield made another claim against John son of William Baines; ibid. 326, m. 147 d. In 1343 he claimed against Hugh de Kernetby, rector of Claughton, who had warranted land in Whittington to Robert de Romoundeby and Maud his wife; ibid. 334, m. 395 d. Robert and Maud called to warrant them Maud Ward and Isabel her sister as sisters and heirs of Roger de Kernetby, clerk (brother of Hugh), and Nicholas son of Maud de Kernetby, next of kin; ibid. 348, m. 338 d. Sir John de Harrington of Farleton died in 1359 seised of a rent of 66s. 8d. from free tenants of Whittington, held of John de Harrington of Aldingham. John de Durslet died in 1349 holding 3 acres at Kirkslack in Whittington of Sir John de Harrington by a rent of 6d. His heir was John son of John de Hilderstone, who was of full age; ibid. 23 Edw. III, pt. ii (1st nos.), no. 121. Gervase Middleton of Leighton and Durslet died in 1548 holding messuages, &c., in Whittington, Newton and Docker of Lord Mounteagle by a rent of 6s.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 11. This was no doubt the same estate.
  • 41. Ibid. v, no. 64; xi, no. 1. The tenure is not separately given, the manor having been merged in the Hornby lordship.
  • 42. Whitaker, Richmondshire, ii, 281. There is some allusion to it in later pleadings above cited.
  • 43. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 58, m. 192.
  • 44. In the pleadings respecting the advowson in 1334, cited below, his heirs or representatives—William de Millom, Alice his wife, Margaret Banastre, Maud de Stockport and Thomas de Beetham— are called the heirs of Robert son of Gillemichael; De Banco R. 298, m. 261.
  • 45. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 190.
  • 46. Ibid. 195, 201, 203.
  • 47. Ibid. 256. Alice daughter of John de Kirkby on her marriage with Richard son and heir of Alan de Copeland was dowered with 100 solidates of land and rent in Whittington; Rydal Hall Deeds. For the family see further in the account of Urswick.
  • 48. The arrangements are brought out in the disputes as to the advowson in 1300. In 1298 Mabel widow of Alan de Copeland claimed dower in a messuage, plough-land, &c., in Whittington, but defendant produced a charter by Alan kinsman and heir of Alan de Copeland granting him the manor. The grantor appeared, and said he was not of sound mind at the time, but the jury decided against him; De Banco R. 125, m. 76 d. John de Tunstall in 1296 claimed 100s. rent from the manor of Whittington, which he said that Alan de Copeland had engaged to give him by a charter in 1291, but had sold the greater part of the manor to John de Hudleston. Alan replied that plaintiff had not performed the services he had agreed to render; ibid. 115, m. 176.
  • 49. This portion seems to have descended like Poulton-le-Sands. Thus lands in Whittington, Docker and Newton were held with the manor of Poulton in 1505 and 1508 and later; Final Conc. iii, 158, 163; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 3. In 1486 the tenure was called by knight's service; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 9. See note 90 below.
  • 50. The Morthings were another Cumberland family and were seated at Millom. In the time of Henry III William de Morthing, lord of Whitbeck, gave the chapel there to Conishead Priory; Fleming, Deser. of Westmorland (Cumb. and Westmld. Antiq. Soc), 16; Cal. Pat. 1225–32, p. 303. John de Morthing was joined with Alan de Copeland in a local plea (Assize R. 1306, m. 15 d.), and in 1346 William de Morthing held one plough-land and John de Hudleston another, by knight's service and a rent of 20s.; Surv. of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 82. William de Morthing was plaintiff in 1354 respecting lands which he alleged to be in Newton, but which the defendants said were in Arkholme; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 2. In 1378 William de Morthing, John de Hudleston and their parceners held the fourth part, eighth part and one hundred and twenty-eighth part of a knight's fee in the moiety of Whittington; Furness Couch. (Chet. Soc), i, 225. As shown above the Tunstalls afterwards held Morthinglands.
  • 51. In 1308–9 Emma widow of Robert de Beetham recovered a messuage in Docker agninst John the son and heir and Joan the widow of William Baines; Assize R. 423, m. 3. John de Harrington in 1330 claimed a messuage in Whittington against John Baines and afterwards obtained it against William son of John Baines and Agnes his wife; De Banco R. 283, m. 329 d.; 287, m. 125.
  • 52. Chart. R. 95 (30 Edw. I), m. 6, no. 48.
  • 53. The son and heir was named Richard; Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 361.
  • 54. Final Conc. i, 197. In 1306 Sibyl widow of John de Hudleston claimed the manor against Adam de Hudleston; De Banco R. 158, m. 86 d.
  • 55. Katherine widow of Adam de Hudleston claimed dower in three messuages, three plough-lands, &c., in Whittington against John son of Adam de Hudleston in 1328; ibid. 273, m. 101; 276, m. 190. One John son of Adam de Hudleston is said to have been killed at Cantsfield in 1336; Coram Regc R. 306, Rex m. 24 d. It appears above that a John de Hudleston held this manor in 1346 and in 1378.
  • 56. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 120.
  • 57. Dep. Keeper's Rep. xlviii, App. 258.
  • 58. The writ of diem cl. extr. was issued 26 Aug. 1438; ibid. xxxiii, App. 38. Ralph was found to have held by knight's service and the rent of a rose; Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 44b. Katherine his widow was in possession in 1448, so that the heir was probably a minor; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 11, m. 27.
  • 59. Miles Hudleston of Whittington was an outlaw in 1459; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvii, App. 177. In the time of Henry VII William Hudleston was said to have held the manor of West Hall of Sir John Hudleston, whose heir Richard (grandson) was under age; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 100, m. 1. A settlement of the manor of Whittington or West Hall was made by Richard Hudleston in 1553; the remainders were to Miles Hudleston, to William son of Richard Hudleston. and to Lord Mounteagle; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 14, m. 13. From a pleading of 1573 it appears that Miles Hudleston was grandson of Richard and in ward to Lord Mounteagle; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 21. On 12 Jan. 1570–1 Mr. Miles Hudleston married Mrs. Katherine Conyers at Whittington; Reg.
  • 60. Two inquisitions were taken, by which it was found that Anne Hudleston was aged sixteen in 1592; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv, no. 36, 8.
  • 61. Whittington Par. Reg.; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 69. Thomas's grandfather, Thomas Carus, serjeant-at-law, had purchased land in Whittington from Matthew Redmayne as early as 1564; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 26, m. 129.
  • 62. Ibid. 60, m. 249.
  • 63. In 1654 a settlement of the manors and advowsons of Halton and Whittington was made by Thomas Carus the elder, Thomas Carus the younger and Mary his wife; ibid. 153, m. 183. The manor was still in possession of the Carus family in 1712; ibid. 268, m. 2. In 1724 it was sold to Thomas Benison; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 224, from R. 10 of Geo. I at Preston. The sale was by Thomas Carus of Halton and Bridget his wife to provide for sisters and other relatives. Among the Jacobites of 1690 were George Carus of Sellet and Thomas Carus son of Christopher Carus of West Hall; Cal. S. P. Dom. 1690–1, p. 23.
  • 64. Roland Boldridge died in 1635 holding of the king as of his manor of East Greenwich; his heir was his son William, aged thirty-three; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 59. From the tenure the land had probably belonged to Cockersand Abbey. Roland 'Bordrigg' had in 1631 compounded for refusing knighthood by a fine of £10; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 220. Richard Bordrigge died in 1638 holding land in Newton of John Girlington, and was followed by a son and heir William, aged thirty-six; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 64. James Bordrigge died in 1641 holding a messuage in Tunstall and Burrow and some land in Whittington. His heir was a son William, aged thirteen; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 5.
  • 65. Information of Col. North, who has afforded the editors assistance in this and other matters. There is a pedigree in Burke's Landed Gentry.
  • 66. Information of Mr. A. Pearson of Kirkby Lonsdale.
  • 67. The surname appears at Farleton in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 100.
  • 68. The will of Oliver North of Docker was proved in 1557, and that of Thomas North in 1585.
  • 69. Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 30.
  • 70. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 230. Other members of the family occur. John North made a purchase from Francis Tunstall in 1598; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 60, m. 80.
  • 71. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.) xxiv, 174. The Norths appear on the recusant rolls from 1591; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 250.
  • 72. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 220.
  • 73. Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 231; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3105; Index of Royalists (Index Soc), 43. He divided his estates, Docker going to his eldest son Richard and Newton to his younger son Oliver, named in the text.
  • 74. Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 628. Another Docker Hall was owned by the Rev. James Long in 1870.
  • 75. a The carving is very spirited and full of character, the upper part containing part of a crocketed canopy, in the spandrel of which are two small figures in armour, one full and the other half length. The lower part is carved with a large heraldic lion as a supporter, but the fore paw is gone. The carving is now in two pieces, having been broken across the middle, but when put together is 5 ft. 5 in. in length, 12 in. wide and 2 in. thick. The lion is 2 ft. 4 in. high, and the fulllength human figure 9 in. It was found when tearing out the boards of the floor prior to laying new ones, and was lying face upwards, but had been protected by dirt and hay seeds. It is now (1910) in the possession of the tenant at Docker Hall Farm.
  • 76. Information of Col, North. For pedigree see Burke's Landed Gentry.
  • 77. a See note 62 above and the account of Burrow.
  • 78. From a previous note it appears that this was held by the Tunstalls of Thurland. In 1576 there was an agreement concerning it between Francis Tunstall and John Warrener and Katherine his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 38, m. 86. The Tunstalls appear to have sold most of their land in Newton about 1600 (ibid. 60, m. 26, &c.), but still had some in 1605; ibid. 68, m. 42. They do not seem to have claimed any 'manor' in the parish.
  • 79. It is named, like Whittington and Newton, among the Tunstall manors in 1585; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 47, m. 53.
  • 80. It was used as a surname. In 1292 John de 'Selouth,' in right of his grandfather, Richard son of David de Whittington, claimed a messuage and land against Richard the son (under age) and Maud the widow of William del Falde; Assize R. 408, m. 15 d.
  • 81. Adam de Sellet son of Vivian the Priest in return for participation in the spiritual good works done in the abbey released to the canons of Cockersand about 1260 all the land he held from them, viz. a third part of the wood of Great Sellet, a third part of the arable land, meadow and wood between the bounds of Kirkby Lonsdale and Great Sellet, extending from Thirnby as far as Further Keldekin, and the moiety of 4 acres in Further Keldekin; Chartul. iii, 946. The grants of Robert son of Gillemichael have been named above. Other benefactors were Paulinus de Lathebote and John son of Adam de Biggings; ibid. 944–5. The field-names in the charters include Burtreber, Clencard Croft, Gildotet and Gildofmoor, Houcrehtbank, Liholme, Scalabank and Scathagate; there is also mentioned the path leading from Kirkby Lonsdale under Rathornthwaite hill and through the middle of Mirthwaite.
  • 82. The land of William Baines is named in a Cockersand charter c. 1260 already cited; Chartul. iii, 945. A little later it was recorded that William Baines held of the canons by hereditary right 1 oxgang of land in Lathebote and Roger Baines held land in Sellet; ibid. 947–8. Roger, William and Richard Baines were defendants in respect of a claim for land in Whittington by William of the Ash in 1277; Assize R. 1235, m. 11. John son of William Baines was defendant in 1299; De Banco R. 131, m. 24. Roger Baines appears in 1297 and 1305; ibid. 121, m. 101 d.; 153, m. 346. John Baines in 1313 claimed a tenement in Whittington against William son of Richard Baines; ibid. 201, m. 290 d. John Baines and William son of John Baines and Agnes his wife in 1330, 1331, and later were engaged in disputes with John de Harrington the elder; see references above given and De Banco R. 308, m. 91; 323, m. 289; 329, m. 281 d. William Baines as kinsman and heir of John Baines claimed two messuages, &c., in Whittington against Joan and Alice Baines in 1465; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Prothon. 5 Edw. IV. John son of John Baines was ordered to render 2 acres to John Burgh in 1522; ibid. 13 Hen. VIII. The Cockersand rentals show that there were two or three Baines families in 1451–1537; Chartul. iii, 1292–3.
  • 83. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 6. About 1590 a William Harvey of Sellet occurs, but nothing is known of him; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), iv, 166.
  • 84. Robert Baines left Sellet Wood, containing 16 acres of land, to his wife Ellen, who afterwards married Samuel Lambert. James North and others in 1596 alleged that they and the rest of the tenants of Whittington held by a custom of tenant right and had always had common of pasture for their cattle in the waste, including Sellet Wood, and had taken shrubs and underwood there without restraint; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. clxxiv, N 6; clxxvii, N 2. In the following year, the Lamberts continuing the suit, it was alleged that Christopher Carus was chief lord, and that Sellet Wood was part of the wastes; ibid, clxxxiii, L 7.
  • 85. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 174.
  • 86. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. x, App. iv, 99. A William Baines, colonel of horse, is stated to have lost his life in the royal cause at Malpas; Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. i, 111, quoting Castlemain's Apology. John Baines, son of William Baines and Margaret Sykes, of Lancashire entered the English College at Rome in 1659, being about thirty years old. His parents were 'Catholics of the middle class, descended from an ancient stock,' but 'had suffered much on account of their religion, and were reduced to very slender means in consequence'; Foley, Rec. S. J. vi, 399. He was ordained priest and sent to England in 1666.
  • 87. George Carus was of Sellet Hall in 1690; Reg. At the Carus sale in 1732 there was included a chief or free rent of 10s. from Lord Clifford's estate called Sellet Bank.
  • 88. Information of Col. B. North and Mr. Hodgkin.
  • 89. It may, however, be a late 16thcentury building. Baines (Lancs. 1st ed. iv, 622) conjectures that it was erected by Robert Baines about 34 Eliz. (1591–2).
  • 90. Ellen the daughter and Cecily the widow of Henry de Whittington occur in 1302; Assize R. 418, m. 2.
  • 91. John de Newton of Whittington in 1354 claimed a tenement in Newton against Walter son of Walter son of Alan de Erghum and others; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 1. Thomas Newton and Margaret his wife appear to have sold their lands in the time of Elizabeth. Among the purchasers were: Brian Newton (1565), who sold (1578) to Henry Wilson, Jane his wife and William his son; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 27, m. 162; 40, m. 199. Robert Bindloss (1567), who also purchased from William Thornburgh and Ethelred his wife in 1593; ibid, bdles. 29, m. 113; 55, m. 164. James Blackburn, 1592; ibid. bdle. 54, m. 104. Also Francis Tunstall and Henry Brabin as above. Robert Bindloss in 1595 was said to hold his lands in Whittington of Francis Tunstall as of his manor of Whittington by fealty and suit at the court baron of the manor; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 6, 7. But Christopher Bindloss in 1600 was said to hold his estate (the same) in Whittington and Docker of Christopher Carus as of his manor of Whittington by fealty and suit at the court baron; ibid. xvii, no. 52.
  • 92. Sir John de Dalton in 1369 held lands in Whittington of the Lord de Coucy by knight's service; the free tenants rendered 43s. 4d. and the tenants at will (for 60 acres) 40s.; Inq. p.m. 43 Edw. III, pt. i, no. 31.
  • 93. In 1276 Adam son of Richard de Berwick held 60 acres in Whittington of Alan de Copeland by 2s. rent and suit of mill to the twenty-fourth measure; Assize R. 405, m. 1 d. Ralph de Berwick in 1349 held of Sir Robert de Dalton by knight's service and 2s. rent; Inq. p.m. 28 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 1a. The estates descended to a family named Whittington (see the account of Borwick), and in 1511 John Whittington died holding lands in Whittington of the heirs of John Barebon in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 43. The tenure connects the estate with Gentyl and the manor of Poulton.
  • 94. Alice widow of Adam del Myre in 1342 demanded dower in half an oxgang of land in Whittington against Adam son of Adam del Myre the elder; De Banco R. 330, m. 161. — Myres of Docker occurs among the freeholders in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 230. William Croft of Claughton in 1606 held lands in Whittington, Newton and Docker, but the tenure was not known; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 51–6. William and Thomas Heaton made purchases in 1598 from Francis Tunstall; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 60, m. 80. William Heaton died in 1611 holding of the king as of his duchy; his heir was his eldest sister's son William Bland, aged fifty-six in 1622; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), in, 320. George Sigswick died in 1633 holding messuages in Whittington, and leaving a son Thomas, aged eighteen; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 1. Thomas died in 1639 holding of the king as of his duchy. His heirs were three sisters— Ellen wife of Brian Dicconson, Anne wife of Robert Jackson, and Lydia, their ages being from thirty-one to twenty-five; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1070. John Carter died in 1632 holding land in Newton of—Girlington of Thurland. His heir was a daughter Anne, aged twenty-five; ibid. 233–4. Simon Dawney died in 1624 holding lands in Whittington of the king by the two-hundredth part of a knight's fee, and in Newton by a like service. They had been purchased recently from Sir Robert Bindloss, Henry Brabin and others. The heir was a son Brian, aged two; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), iii, 416. John Patchett died in 1637 holding a messuage, &c., of the king as of his manor of Whittington by a rent of 6d. He left a daughter Elizabeth, about two months old; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 65. James Johnson died in 1638 holding of the king as duke; Richard his son and heir was twenty-three years old; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 699a. James Melling died the following year holding of the king as of his manor of East Greenwich, and leaving a son James, aged three; ibid. 859. William Escrigg also died in 1639 holding of the king. His heir was a sister Mabel, aged thirty; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 46. Robert Escrigg of Whittington, yeoman, was a member of the Classis in 1646.
  • 95. Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 192.
  • 96. Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 287.
  • 97. Ibid. i, 56.
  • 98. Oliver North of Docker in his will of 1557 desired to be buried in his parish church of St. Michael the Archangel at Whittington. Later the invocation was reputed as 'unknown,' and since the restoration of 1875 the name of Christ Church has been used.
  • 99. The site is described in V.C.H. Lancs. ii, 545–6. 'The churchyard appears to cover the area of a mount and court castle, the earthworks of which are now, however, much mutilated. The church stands within the former bailey and the mount rises at its western end.'
  • 100. The former porch probably dated from this period. The priest's door, now restored, had also been remodelled at this time.
  • 101. The clock was given in 1875 in memory of Thomas Greene of Whittington Hall.
  • 102. The height of the ridge of the 15thcentury building was about the same as at present, but the roof was of steeper pitch, there being no clearstory. The present roof follows the lines of the one which existed before the restoration, except that it is raised nine inches.
  • 103. A 'new font' is mentioned in 1661.
  • 104. See V.C.H. Lancs. ii, 545.
  • 105. They are inscribed (3) 'To the Glory of God. In loving memory of Thomas Greene 1875.' (4) 'The gift of many friends. In loving memory of Thomas Greene 1875.' (5) 'To the Glory of God. The gift of Robert Burrow of Wrayton and Family 1875.'
  • 106. The gravestone of Rector Jackson, who died in 1680, is now in the churchyard, to the east of the chancel. It bears his arms and has recently been recut.
  • 107. Lancs. Parish Reg. Soc. vol. iii, 1899. Transcribed and edited by Fanny Wrigley and Thomas H. Winder. At the end of the volume are printed assignments of seats made in 1650 and later; also sums collected on briefs from 1664 to 1691.
  • 108. De Banco R. 298, m. 261, &c.; see below, where it is shown that there is some error. This pension is still paid by the rector.
  • 109. See the account of Carleton in Poulton-le-Fylde.
  • 110. Assize R. m. 408, 72 d.
  • 111. De Banco R. 122, m. 64 d. In the same year John de Hudleston claimed the advowson against William le Gentyl and Philippa his wife; ibid. 124, m. 25.
  • 112. Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rcc. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 306. In the following year (1301) the king again put in his claim, alleging that one Thomas de Weston, presented by the king, had accepted another presentation from John de Hudleston and had been instituted thereon, to the king's prejudice; De Banco R. 138, m. 35 d.
  • 113. In 1312 Richard de Hudleston claimed the presentation against Adam de Hudleston the elder and recovered; De Banco R. 193, m. 40 d.; 195, m. 198. The king claimed again in 1378; ibid. 472, m. 363d. In 1448 Thomas Beetham claimed the presentation against Katherine Hudleston and others; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 11, m. 27.
  • 114. The advowson was still held by the Carus family in 1712; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 268, m. 2. As they were unable to present on account of their religion, it was probably thought advisable to sell the advowsons of Halton and Whittington.
  • 115. Lancs, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 361; De Banco R. 298, m. 261. The prior had by default recovered seisin against Richard son of John de Hudleston, but fraud was suspected and a further inquiry ordered. The jury affirmed that the advowson was the prior's right in virtue of a grant by Robert son of Gillemichael. Afterwards, in the time of King Richard, there was a dispute about it between Daniel, then prior, and the heirs of Robert, viz. William de Millom, Alice his wife, Margaret Banastre, Maud de Stockport and Thomas de Beetham—these were heirs and representatives of Richard son of Roger of Woodplumpton—and the Archdeacon of Richmond had then decreed in favour of the prior. Prior Daniel had presented one Heniy son of William in the time of Richard I, and after Henry's death (temp. Henry III) the prior had to defend his right against Walter de Tatham and William de Lindsay. Afterwards John and Richard de Hudleston had exercised the patronage. The pleadings are erroneous; for as Robert son of Gillemichael was living in 1204 (Pipe R.), his heirs could not have claimed the advowson in the time of Richard I. The interest of Richard son of Roger in the manor and advowson is not known, except by the right of his heirs as above.
  • 116. The prior's complaints may have resulted in this doubling of the old rent of 2 marks. After the Suppression the £2 13s. 4d. was paid to the Crown by the rector, until it was sold by Charles II in 1670.
  • 117. Information of Mr. A. Pearson of Kirkby Lonsdale.
  • 118. Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 307, 327.
  • 119. Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 36. The reduction of £12 13s. 4d. was explained by the omission of the glebe (£1 a year) and small tithes, altarage, &c. (£2), but chiefly by the damage due to the Scots, estimated as £9 13s. 4d.
  • 120. Duchy of Lanc. Rentals and Surv. bdle. 5, no. 15.
  • 121. Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 259. The rectory-house and glebe accounted for 39s. 8d., tithe of corn £10, other tithes 31s. 8d., Easter roll, &c., 56s. 8d. From this had to be paid the pension to Cartmel, 53s.4d., as well as synodals and procurations, 4s. 10½d.
  • 122. Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 122. The glebe land was 2 acres.
  • 123. Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 491–3. There were four churchwardens, two for Whittington proper and two for Newton and Docker. The outgoing churchwardens used to nominate eight, of whom the rector chose the four new ones.
  • 124. Manch. Dioc. Dir.
  • 125. See the untrustworthy pleadings above quoted; De Banco R. 298, m. 261. As stated, he was known as Henry de Whittington. A later pleading states that Henry the clerk was instituted by Honorius Archdeacon of Richmond on the presentation of Thomas de Beetham and Amena his wife in the time of Edward II (sic); Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 11, m. 27. Honorius was archdeacon 1198 and later.
  • 126. De Banco R. 298, m. 261. The archdeacon presented by lapse, on account of the dispute about the patronage. One William de Rotherfield, Treasurer of York, died in 1241; another was Dean of York till his death in 1278; Le Neve, Fasti, iii, 158, 121.
  • 127. The Prior of Cartmel said that John de Hudleston presented, but the Archbishop of York's register states that Master John Lovel, subdeacon, was presented by Edmund son of Henry III, Sir Alan de Copeland assenting; Reg. Romanus, fol. 89 (note by Mr. W. Brown). This rector occurs in 1293; Coram Rege R. 137, m. 22. John Lovel was nominated by the king to a prebend at Lincoln in 1300; Le Neve, Fasti, ii, 119.
  • 128. These presentations from the king (in right of his brother Edmund's lands) are recorded in Cal. Pat. 1292–1301, pp. 228, 254, 255. He is called Eston. From the pleadings as to the advowson (note 109) it wiil be seen that Weston was instituted on John de Hudleston's nomination.
  • 129. De Banco R. 153, m. 124.
  • 130. The Prior of Cartmel's pleading states that his predecessor had presented John de 'Linton' in 1299, but a John de 'Lucton,' probably the same, occurs as rector in 1311; De Banco R. 187, m. 137 d. The prior at that time was claiming arrears (five years) of the rent due from the rectory.
  • 131. Said to have been presented in the time of Edward II.
  • 132. He was rector in 1334.) when the Prior of Cartmel made his claim for the advowson, and in 1336, when the 2 marks rent was recovered by the prior; De Banco R. 305, m. 151.
  • 133. William de Newton occurs as rector in 1344–6; De Banco R. 339, m. 23; 347, m. 192. Again in 1357; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 3 d. In 1394 John de Newton, executor of the will of William de Newton, late rector of Whittington, was called upon to account for the issues of certain land stated to have been wrongfully acquired and occupied by him; Memo. R. (L.T.R.), 160, m. 30 d.; 166, m. 117.
  • 134. The archdeacon is stated to have presented by lapse; Torre's Bks. At the same time Edmund Forester was presented by the king; Cal. Pat. 1377–81, p. 71. Reginald de Westbury was joined with the archdeacon when the king claimed the advowson in 1378.
  • 135. Torre's Bks.
  • 136. Ratification of his estate as rector was granted 11 July 1401; Cal. Pat. 1399–1401, p. 484. Green is named as rector in pleadings of the same year; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 1, m. 6b, 30b. He occurs also in 1417; Towneley MS. CC, p. 46, no. 102.
  • 137. Torre's Bks. Edmund Yealand was still rector in 1445; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 8, m. 13.
  • 138. Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 11, m. 27. Thomas Beetham presented one Thomas Gate, but the archdeacon (Kempe) refused to admit him. William Hudleston was still rector in 1465, when the Prior of Cartmel claimed arrears of the rent due to his church; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Prothon. 5 Edw. IV.
  • 139. In the survey of 1527 it was stated that he had been rector for twenty years; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals and Surv. bdle. 5, no. 15.
  • 140. He is no doubt the Miles Hudson of 1535; Valor Eccl. v, 259. As Miles Hudleston he had in 1536 pardon for non-residence; L. and P. Hen. VIII, xi, g. 202 (8). He is also named in a deed of the same time in Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), S 218. A Miles Hudleston, perhaps the same, though Dns. not Mr., was in 1535 rector of South Normanton; Valor Eccl. iii, 179. He occurs in the visitation lists of 1548 and 1554. For the inventory of church goods in 1552 see Chet. Misc. (new ser.), i, 15.
  • 141. Visit. List of 1562; in the previous lists he was named among the assistant priests. He was buried at Whittington 16 Feb. 1575–6; Reg.
  • 142. Act Bks. at Chester Dioc. Reg. Though Conway, who was vicar of Lancaster, was instituted, he had at once to give way. It does not appear that Tunstall had any right to present.
  • 143. Note by Mr. Earwaker. Newton's name occurs in the registers. He was 'no preacher' in 1610; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 7. He was rector in 1620–2; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 58, 70. 'John Newton, gent., parson of Whittington,' was buried 11 July 1630; Reg. Administration to his estate was granted in 1631.
  • 144. Rector of Halton 1621–30. The name is also spelt Meyrs, &c. He compounded for first fruits 20 Nov. 1630. The Inst. Bks. P.R.O. begin with this rector; the Lancashire entries have been printed in Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Notes. Meyre died at Thornes 1 Oct. 1640, and was buried at Sedbergh; Whittington Reg.
  • 145. Rector of Halton 1630–41 (?). In 1640 the Bishop of Chester received a caveat, warning him not to present anyone to the rectory, vacant by the death of Daniel Meyre, except on the nomination of Dr. Thomas Fothergill, Master of St. John's Coll., Camb.; Act Bks. at Chester. Dr. Fothergill presented one who was instituted on 2 Nov. 1640 (Church Papers), but the name is illegible. It appears, however, that Dr. Fothergill, a fellow of St. John's, was himself presented by the University of Cambridge because Thomas Carus, the patron, had been convicted of recusancy about 1635. Fothergill alleged that the transfer of the patronage to Middleton was collusive; Duchy of Lanc. Plead, bdle. 365. Richard Jackson was presented on 16 Oct. 1640 by Edward Middleton of Middleton in Westmorland and again on 23 Jan. by William Middleton (as administrator of Edward), but was not instituted till 14 July. He compounded for first fruits on 15 July. The king also presented Jackson (12 July), 'by lapse,' no doubt for greater security. For the dispute see Pleas of Crown, 196/7. Mr. Jackson was a member of the Presbyterian Classis in 1646, and signed the 'Harmonious Consent' of 1648 as 'pastor at Whittington.' In 1650 he was commended as 'a godly preaching minister'; Commonw. Ch. Surv. 122. At the Restoration he conformed to Episcopacy and the Book of Common Prayer.
  • 146. Simony seems to have been alleged, for the king afterwards presented James Gardner, 'by reason of simony or otherwise,' and he was instituted 12 Mar. 1682–3. Bouch nevertheless retained the rectory till his death. He was educated at Queen's Coll., Oxf.; M.A. 1678; Foster, Alumni. He was 'conformable' in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 230. In 1712 he had no other benefice and was constantly resident in the parish; Churchwardens' returns.
  • 147. Educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1713.
  • 148. Susannah was the widow of Geoffrey Hornby and Edmund (of Sidney Sussex Coll., Camb.) was his son.
  • 149. Educated at Sidney Sussex Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1758. The Rev. 'John' Ravald, rector of Whittington, was buried at Preston 1 Feb. 1768.
  • 150. Vicar of Warton 1734–75.
  • 151. Educated at Trinity Coll., Camb.; LL.B. 1782. Rector of Badsworth 1791. On the death of his brother, Sir Watts Horton of Chadderton, without male issue, he succeeded to the baronetcy and estates; V.C.H. Lancs. v, 118. He died in 1821.
  • 152. Educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf.; M.A. 1779; Foster, Alumni. In 1793 he was appointed rector of Didcot.
  • 153. Rector of Bentham (where he resided). He was educated at Queen's Coll., Oxf.; M.A. 1760; ibid. For his family see the account of Kirkland in Garstang.
  • 154. Educated at Trinity Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1818. He was rector of Tunstall 1816–28. The second institution to Whittington was necessary because he had accepted the perpetual curacy of Casterton in 1833. He did not reside at Whittington. He was the eldest son of William Wilson Carus, sometime M.P. for Cockermouth, who assumed the name of Wilson in 1793. He had in his time a high reputation as a religious and philanthropic writer. In 1821 it was stated that he had published 300,000 numbers of the Friendly Visitor; Lonsdale Mag. ii, 472. For his character see Mrs. Gaskell, Life of Charlotte Brontë, chap. iv. He succeeded his father in the Casterton estates in 1852, dying in 1859. See Burke, Landed Gentry.
  • 155. Educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf.; M.A. 1844. Vicar of St. Thomas's, Ashton-in-Makerfield, 1848–57.
  • 156. Mr. Hodgkin has afforded the editors information upon many points.
  • 157. At an inquiry in 1585 it was found that there was a chapel at Newton called 'the Hermitage of Newton,' with half an acre of land, occupied by Richard Godsave; Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 360. Near Chapel Farm the traces of foundations are still visible; an adjacent spring is called Chapel Spring. The last remains of the building, an arch and a window, were removed to Newton Hall in 1857; information of Col. North.
  • 158. Visit. Lists at Chester Dioc. Reg.
  • 159. Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 232.
  • 160. Some changes have taken place since the official inquiry. The principal are the increase of the Hardy fund to £38 5s., and the decline of the income of Berry's charity to £9 10s. 8d.; information of the Rev. J. Hodgkin.