BHO

The parish of Cockerham

Pages 89-93

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 8. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1914.

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COCKERHAM

Cockerham; Ellel; Thurnham (Part); Cockersand Abbey;

In AMOUNDERNESS:

Forton; Cleveley (Part)

The boundaries of this parish, situated on the borderland of two hundreds, are peculiar. Before the Conquest the Cocker was the boundary of Amounderness, and thus Crimbles, Forton and Cleveley were in that hundred, while Cockerham proper, Hillam and Ellel were outside it. After Crimbles had been acquired by the canons of Leicester it became merged in their manor of Cockerham and was joined to Lonsdale. The parochial boundaries of Cockerham and Garstang are much intermixed, apparently the result of a compromise between the two abbeys of Leicester and Cockersand as appropriators of the rectories. Thus Forton is in Cockerham, but Holleth to the north forms a detached part of Garstang, except a fringe of land on the border of Forton, which lies in Cockerham. Part of Cleveley is in Garstang, but three-fourths, including Shireshead Chapel, is in Cockerham. The canons of Cockersand acquired a small piece of land adjoining their demesne and it was accounted a detached part of Pilling, yet remaining in the parish of Cockerham. Thurnham was divided between this parish and Lancaster. The area of the parish is 13,975½ acres, including 2 acres of tidal water.

COCKERHAM.

The land having been to a great extent in the hands of religious houses, the mediaeval history is quite uneventful, the devastation by the Scots in 1322 (fn. 1) and by the plague in 1349 (fn. 2) being the most noteworthy occurrences. In 1441 William Neef was accused of selling wool at Cockerham to Philip Duke of Burgundy, the king's enemy, but he said he had never been in the place and was acquitted. (fn. 3) After the Reformation the land became divided among many small proprietors, the Daltons of Thurnham and Calverts of Cockerham being the principal residents. (fn. 4) These families, it may be noted, though they held the estates of the suppressed monasteries, retained or reverted to Roman Catholicism at the Reformation. Between 1629 and 1632 the following compounded by annual fines for the twothirds of their estates liable to sequestration for their religion: Cockerham—Robert Calvert, £63 6s. 8d.; Elizabeth Calvert, £1 13s. 4d. Ellel—Alice Preston and Robert Cansfield, each £3. Thurnham— Thomas Dalton, £15; Lawrence Copeland, £3 6s. 8d. (fn. 5) These families suffered further under the Commonwealth, all or most of them being Royalists, and only the Daltons appear to have retained their position. To them the Revolution and the Jacobite insurrection of 1715 brought fresh troubles; otherwise the district appears to have accepted the change with equanimity.

A local incantation with an apple pippin ran thus:—

Pippin, pippin, Paradise,
Tell me where my true love lies;
East, west, north, or south,
Pilling brig or Cocker mouth. (fn. 6)

Formerly the making of salt was an important industry, (fn. 7) and the fisheries also produced wealth. Leland thus described his visit to the place about 1536: 'From Garstang I passed partly by moor ground, partly by pasture and some corn; and so riding over Cocker river, that maketh no great course ere he come to the sands by Cockerham village not a mile off. Upon the which sands I passed over Cocker river once or twice again, not without some fear of quicksands. At the end of the sands I saw divers saltcotes, where were divers heaps of sands taken of salt strands, out of the which, by often wetting with water they pike out the saltness, and so the water is derived into a pit, and after sodde.' (fn. 8) At present the parish is chiefly agricultural, though there are old-established silk mills at Galgate. The following table (fn. 9) shows how the land is occupied:—

Arable land ac. Permanent grass ac. Woods and plantations ac.
Cockerham 1,615½ 3,048½ 44½
Forton 49 1,097 2
Cleveley (all) 84 462 29
Ellel 250 4,734½ 372
Thurnham (all) and Cockersand Abbey 532 1,187½ 16
2,530½ 10,529½ 463½

To the ancient fifteenth Cockerham paid £1 3s. 9d., Ellel £1 13s. 4d., Thurnham 4s. 4¼d., Forton and Cleveley being omitted, the Lonsdale part of the parish yielding £3 1s. 5¼d. when the hundred paid £43 9s. 1¼d. The county lay of 1624 was assessed in the same proportion. (fn. 10) In 1717 the parish was divided into three parts—Cockerham and Thurnham, Forton and Cleveley, Ellel. (fn. 11)

Church

The church of ST. MICHAEL (fn. 12) stands amidst fields in an isolated and exposed situation about a quarter of a mile to the south-west of the village, and consists of a chancel 35 ft. 6 in. by 20 ft., nave 58 ft. 6 in. by 40 ft., south porch, and west tower 13 ft. by 12 ft., all these dimensions being internal. Only the tower is ancient, and belongs probably to the end of the 15 th or beginning of the 16th century, the rest of the church having been rebuilt in 1814 in the Gothic style of the period with wide aisleless nave galleried on three sides, and a chancel measuring 31 ft. 6 in. by 22 ft. 3 in. (fn. 13) In 1910 the chancel was rebuilt in its present form, and it is proposed to rebuild the nave.

The chancel has a pointed east window of four lights and is open on the north side by two arches to the aisle, and on the south by two smaller arches to the organ chamber. There is no chancel arch, and the roof is of flat pitch 36 ft. 6 in. in height to the ridge. The nave is built of coursed red sandstone with quoins at the angles, the exterior, together with that of the old chancel, having been covered originally with rough-cast, but this has been long removed. (fn. 14) The roof is covered with stone slabs finishing behind a plain low parapet, and the windows are all pointed and of three lights, the mullions crossing in the head. The south porch is no longer used, the entrance being by the doorway opposite on the north side facing the village. The nave retains its early 19th-century square pews, galleries and flat ceiling, and has no architectural interest. (fn. 15)

The tower is built of gritstone, and has a moulded plinth and embattled parapet, the height to the top of which is 61 ft. 6 in. Its stages are unmarked externally by any string course or horizontal moulding, and the north and south sides below the belfry windows are quite plain, except for a small square opening to the ringing chamber. There is a projecting vice in the south-east corner, and on the west side diagonal buttresses of seven stages going up the full height. The round-headed west door is now built up, and the upper part made into a window to light the vestry, which occupies the bottom story of the tower. The west window is of three pointed lights under a low four-centred head, and has double hollowchamfered jambs and hollow-chamfered mullions. The belfry windows are of three pointed lights under a segmental head and hood mould, and have hollowchamfered mullions and jambs and stone louvres The tower arch is built up.

There is a ring of six bells by Abel Rudhall of Gloucester, 1748. (fn. 16) They were rehung in 1888.

The silver plate is all modern, and consists of a chalice and paten of 1875 and a small paten of 1877. There is also a plated set of two chalices, two patens and a flagon, presented by Mrs. Bird of Crookhey, 1858.

The registers begin in 1595. The first volume (1595–1657) has been printed. (fn. 17) The tithe maps are kept at the bank at Lancaster.

On the south side of the churchyard is an 18thcentury fluted stone sundial shaft on a stone base; the plate is missing.

Advowson

Together with the manor the church was given to Leicester Abbey by William de Lancaster about 1153. It was agreed at a later time that there should be four canons regular resident in the church. (fn. 18) This agreement was perhaps never fulfilled completely, and in the end the canons ceased to minister there. (fn. 19) A perpetual vicar had been appointed as early as 1290, the entire altarage and the tithe of hay being assigned as his portion. (fn. 20) He was appointed by the Abbot and convent of Leicester.

In 1291 the value of the rectory was estimated at 26 marks and that of the vicarage at £5; but after the destructive raid by the Scots in 1322 the former was reduced to £5 and the vicarage became too poor to be taxed. (fn. 21) In 1341 the value of the ninth of sheaves, &c, was 100s. 4d. (fn. 22) In 1527 the rectory was said to be worth £80 yearly and the vicarage £13 6s. 8d. (fn. 23) Some eight years later the rectory and manor together were at farm for £83 6s. 8d., (fn. 24) while the net value of the vicarage was £10 16s. 7d. (fn. 25) The rectory and right of presentation were sold with the manor after the dissolution of the monastery, and at present the lords of the manor nominate in turn to the vicarage, (fn. 26) Mr. Bird having two presentations out of four. In 1650 the rectory was held by two 'Papist delinquents'; the value of the vicarage had been £60, but was then only £35, 'by reason of the decay of sheep.' (fn. 27) The value was certified as £38 10s. in 1717 (fn. 28); it is now given as £593 net. (fn. 29) An Act was obtained in 1825 commuting the vicar's tithes, &c., to a corn rent, estimated to produce £6oo a year. (fn. 30)

The following have been vicars:—

Instituted Name Patron Cause of Vacancy
oc. 1207 Reginald (fn. 31)
oc. 1275–92 Mr. Hugh (fn. 32)
oc. 1324 Adam (fn. 33)
oc. 1350 John (fn. 34)
oc. 1365–75 John Scraptoft (fn. 35)
oc. 1392 John de Ansty (fn. 36)
oc. 1430–56 John Tunstall (fn. 37)
c. 1525–7 Peter Gerard (fn. 38) Leicester Abbey
oc. 1535 Gabriel Rayne (fn. 39)
oc. 1554 Robert Baynton (fn. 40)
oc. 1562 Ralph Bolton (fn. 41)
13 Nov. 1571 John Calvert, M.A. (fn. 42) John Calvert, &c.
20 Dec. 1626 Rowland Thicknesse, M.A. (fn. 43) Thomas Humphreys d. J. Calvert
1 Apr. 1633 Robert Shaw, M.A. (fn. 44) Roger Downes d. R. Thicknesse
oc. 1650 William Calvert (fn. 45)
c. 1651 Gerard Browne (fn. 46)
1659 George Shaw (fn. 47)
8 Apr. 1662 Lawrence Shaw, B.A. (fn. 48) The King
27 Mar. 1695 John Winter (fn. 49) Walter Frost d. L. Shaw
2 July 1722 Thomas Barbon (fn. 50) Francis Charteris d. J. Winter
7 Sept. 1737 Thomas Winder, B.A. (fn. 51) Edmund Starkie d. T. Barbon
4 May 1781 Josias Lambert, M.A. (fn. 52) Hon. Francis Charteris d. T. Winder
17 Jan. 1799 John Widditt (fn. 53) John Dent, &c. res. J. Lambert
1 Sept. 1821 John Lindsay Young, M.A. (fn. 54) " d. J. Widditt
15 May 1823 Thomas Armitstead, B.D. (fn. 55) Bp. of Chester d. J. L. Young
11 Mar. 1828 Richard Hudson, M.A. Robert Dent, &c. d. T. Armitstead
14 Apr. 1835 John Dodson, M.A. (fn. 56) John Dodson d. R. Hudson
1849 Francis Hill Sewell, M.A. (fn. 57) — Dent res. J. Dodson
1858 Richard Atkinson-Grimshaw, M.A. (fn. 58) R. Atkinson res. F. H. Sewell
29 Nov. 1881 Arthur Frederick Clarke, M.A. (fn. 59) —Clarke res. R. A.-Grimshaw
5 Dec. 1905 Herbert Prince, M.A. (fn. 60) H. D. Greene res. A. F. Clarke

There was no chantry at Cockerham, but the chapels of ease at Ellel and Shireshead had to be served, so that a staff of three priests would be required before the Reformation. This number appears in the visitation lists of 1554 and 1562, (fn. 61) but even then their actual residence is uncertain. What happened after the Elizabethan settlement is doubtful; probably the vicar was the only minister (fn. 62) until the time of the Commonwealth, when additional ministers were appointed, and from that time until the beginning of the 18th century. (fn. 63) In 1717 Bishop Gastrell found that the same curate served Shireshead and Ellel. (fn. 64) Later in the century each of these chapels had its curate.

A school was founded as early as 1622. (fn. 65) In 1679 the Bishop of Chester allowed a schoolhouse to be built on part of the churchyard. (fn. 66)

Charities

There are no endowed charities apart from sums of £52 16s. 10d. a year for the schools at Cockerham and Ellel. Anne Cawson in 1669 left a rent-charge of 5s. a year for the poor of Ellel, afterwards paid from lands called Brandrigg in Scotforth and Ellel. It ceased in 1798. William Hynd in 1698 left £5 for the poor of Forton or a charge of 5s. a year on his land. The land so charged was sold in 1726 to Francis Crossfield, and the 5s. was paid until about 1810. An unknown benefactor left £10 for the poor of the same township; this was spent on a cottage, afterwards burnt down. The overseers rebuilt the cottage and in 1826 allowed two paupers to live there; but nothing is now known about it. These particulars are derived from the reports of the official inquiries of 1826 and 1899, issued in 1900.

Footnotes

  • 1. See the accounts of the church and of Ellel.
  • 2. The Archdeacon of Richmond alleged that 1,000 men and women had died between 8 Sept. 1349 and 11 Jan. following, but the jury allowed but a small fraction of his claim for dues. The following are named as dying at that time: William de Furness, the wife of Richard de Guncester, Thomas Belan, Roger Hanson and the wife of Adam Slack; Engl. Hist. Rev. v, 528. There was a visitation of plague in 1650, as appears by the registers.
  • 3. Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 3, m. 30.
  • 4. The Daltons were the only family recording pedigrees at the heralds' visitations.
  • 5. Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 173, &c. For convicted recusants c. 1670 see Misc. (Cath. Rcc. Soc), v, 250 (Cockerham), 254 (Ellel), 253 (Thurnham), 172 (Forton), 176 (Cleveley).
  • 6. N. and Q. (Ser. 4), vi, 340.
  • 7. See the account of the church and Cockerham Manor. 'Saltweller,' as a trade designation, occurs several times in the 17th-century registers.
  • 8. Itin. v, 98. Camden gives a similar account of the salt-making; Brit. (ed. Gibson), 753.
  • 9. a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
  • 10. Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 20, 23.
  • 11. Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc), ii, 405.
  • 12. John Taylor of Forton in 1410 desired his body to be buried in the cemetery of St. Michael in Cockerham, bequeathing 20s. for masses. He had a wife Wimark and a daughter Margaret; Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 10.
  • 13. a The erection of a chancel of such dimensions in 1814 is to be remarked. The new chancel is 4 ft. greater in length.
  • 14. Whi taker (Richmondshire, ii, 320) says 'the church has recently been rebuilt in brick,' but this is a mistake.
  • 15. It is proposed to rebuild the nave walls on the same foundations, but to introduce north and south aisles with arcades of five bays, and to add a clearstory. There will be a new north doorway, but the south porch will be allowed to remain. Ex inform. 1910 Messrs. Austin & Paley, the architects of the rebuilding.
  • 16. The inscriptions are: Treble, 'Peace and good neighbourhood.' 2, 'Prosperity to the Parish.' 3, 'We were all cast at Gloucester by Abel Rudhall.' 4, 'Robert Gardner, Edward France, Robert Fell, Stephen Bond, churchwardens.' 5, 'The Rev. Mr. Thomas Winder, vicar.' Tenor, 'I to the church the living call, and to the grave do summon all.' Each bell is dated 1748. In 1742 it was intended to have a 'new set,' the bells being out of repair, and in 1746 it was agreed to have them cast anew 'as soon as the times settle,' the churchwardens 'not thinking them safe at present to go by water'; Visit. Ret. at Chester.
  • 17. Lanc. Parish Reg. Soc. Publ. xxi (1904).
  • 18. Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 26. The abbot and convent were to appoint three canons at once (1207) in the church and on the death of Reginald, then chaplain there, were to raise the number to four canons.
  • 19. V.C.H. Lancs. ii, 10, n. 62. It was in 1366 found on inquiry that the abbots were not bound to maintain canons or secular chaplains at Cockerham and Ellel; afterwards formal releases from the duty of providing the canons were obtained from the heirs, Philippa de Coucy and Henry IV; MS. Laud. (Bodl.), H 72, fol. 47b. The inquisition of 1366 is recited in Coram Rege R. 446, m. 13; as the original charters of William de Lancaster contained nothing about finding canons or chaplain judgement was given in favour of the Abbot of Leicester.
  • 20. The ordination of the vicarage was made by Henry de Newark, Archdeacon of Richmond from 1281 to 1290. The vicar was to have a messuage by the road to Lancaster, all the land called Hygansowe, pasturage between Cocker and Wrampool and turbary. He was responsible for the service of the chapel at Ellel and for the payment of synodals; MS. Laud. H 72, fol. 51. A moiety of the mortuaries was excepted from the altarage. The confirmation of the Archbishop of York was obtained.
  • 21. Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 327.
  • 22. Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 35. Cockerham, with both the Crimbles, Forton and the portion of Thurnham within the parish, was liable for 60s. 4d., Ellel for 40s. The glebe was valued at 4 marks yearly; the destruction made by the Scots accounted for the remainder of the decrease of value, 14 marks.
  • 23. Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 15. This probably included the value of the manor. In 1477 the value of the rectory was said to be only £22 or £23; MS. Laud. H 72, fol. 52b.
  • 24. Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), iv, 147.
  • 25. Ibid, v, 262. The manse and lands were worth 6s. a year, certain tithes (including Ellel 53s. 4d., salt 26s. 8d.), £5 3s. 8d., and Easter roll £5 10s. 8d. The vicar had to pay the synodals and procurations, 3s. 9d.
  • 26. In 1834 an Act was passed for the partition of the advowson and to confirm a sale of the next presentation; 4 Will. IV, cap. 5. At that time there were four patrons—the representatives of Robert Dent, Richard Atkinson, representatives of Robert Addison and of Thomas Greene.
  • 27. Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 128–9. To the vicarage belonged house and 6½ acres of glebe, tithes of salt and wool, lamb and pig, goose, hay, hemp, flax and small tithes. For Thurnham Hall a composition of about 6s. was paid.
  • 28. Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 403. The glebe land produced £6, small tithes £29, tithe fish 10s. and surplice fees £4.
  • 29. Manch. Dioc. Dir. In a prosecution in 1904 it was stated that the vicar was allowed to fish a 'baulk' behind the sea bank of the Lune at Cockerham for two tides in each month in lieu of tithe of fish.
  • 30. Private Act, 6 Geo. IV, cap. 22.
  • 31. Named as 'chaplain of the church of Cockerham' in the fine of 1207. He was not technically 'vicar.' He had a daughter Alice, who gave land in Ashton to Cockersand Abbey; Chartul. (Chet. Soc), iii, 789.
  • 32. Lanc. Ch. (Chet. So .), ii, 380. Hugh is named again in the ordination of the vicarage. He is no doubt the 'Hugh dean of Cockerham ' of Cal. Close, 1272–9, p. 428. He was Dean of Lancaster; Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), ii, 380. In 1292 he claimed the moiety of the third part of the mill of Ellel (for four years) against John de Caton and £4 damages were awarded him; Assize R. 408, m. 101.
  • 33. Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 203.
  • 34. Adam the Archer was charged with wounding John vicar of Cockerham with an arrow on the Sunday after Pentecost, 1350; Assize R. 443, m. 3 d.
  • 35. He is also called Scrapcroft; De Banco R. 419, m. 119; 459, m. 103 d.— charges of debt and depasturing. The abbey had land in Scraptoft in Leicestershire.
  • 36. Final Conc. iii, 39.
  • 37. John Tunstall, vicar of Cockerham, took part in the inquiry as to the revenues to be assigned to the vicar of Lancaster in 1430; Rentals and Surv. R. 378. He was trustee of William Oxcliffe in 1433; Anct. D. (P.R.O.), C 74. He was a defendant in 1445; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 7, in. 1b. He occurs again as trustee for William Ambrose in 1456; Add. MS. 32107, no. 189.
  • 38. Rental of 1527 above quoted. He is perhaps the Peter Gerard, clerk, of Aughton near Ormskirk, who died 12 Sept. 1528; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 58.
  • 39. Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 262.
  • 40. Visit. List at Chester.
  • 41. Ibid.
  • 42. Baines, Lancs, (ed. Croston), v, 493; Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 404. He was 'no preacher' in 1610; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 8.
  • 43. Church Papers at Chest. Dioc. Reg. Humphreys presented by reason of a grant from Richard Calvert. Thicknesse was vicar of St. Oswald's, Chester, from 1599 to 1626; Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 306. The right was contested, and on 27 Jan. 1626–7 Thomas Browne, B.A., was nominated by Alice Browne, widow. Thicknesse, however, retained the vicarage till his death in 1633; Reg. He compounded for his first-fruits 25 Apr. 1627; Lancs, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 412.
  • 44. Church Papers. Shaw compounded for first-fruits 10 Apr. 1633. He was perhaps of St. John's College and Edmund Hall, Oxf.; M.A. 1629; Foster, Alumni. He was a Puritan, for in 1646 the Committee of Plundered Ministers allowed him £50 a year out of the sequestrations; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 35. He signed the 'Harmonious Consent' in 1648. He wag buried at Cockerham 3 Aug. 1649; Reg.
  • 45. He was vicar, but sequestered for delinquency, in 1650; Thomas Smith, the officiating minister, died in August the same year from a pestilence, and during September and October there was no minister; Commonw. Ch. Surv. 129; Reg. Nothing else is known of William Calvert.
  • 46. It appears from the registers that he was vicar at the beginning of 1652. In the same year the £50 a year was allowed to him; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 123. Previously he had been at Blackrod; ibid. i, 62. Browne was still at Cockerham at the beginning of 1656; Reg.
  • 47. Baines, Lancs. (ed. Croston), v, 493; no reference given. See the account of Poulton Church.
  • 48. He seems to have been presented 20 Mar. 1661–2; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xlvi, App. 105 (Pat. 13 Chas. II), and according to the visitation list of 1674 was instituted on 8 Apr. 1662, the king presenting by lapse. Lawrence was son of Robert Shaw, a former vicar; born 23 Feb. 1636–7; Reg. He was educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.; Mayor, Admissions, i, 130. B.A. 1660. He was 'conformable' to the government in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229. The church seems to have been in decent repair in his time; Visit. Ret. at Chester.
  • 49. Church Papers at Chester.
  • 50. Church Papers. He was one of the four King's Preachers for Lancashire.
  • 51. Church Papers. He was educated at Brasenose Coll. and Edmund Hall, Oxf.; B.A. 1730. He was also incumbent of Grimsargh from 1733. He was resident in 1741. Ultimately he became deranged, and Cockerham was under sequestration for many years before his death; Visit. Papers and Church Papers at Chester.
  • 52. Church Papers; he had had a chapel at Kendal for ten years. He was educated at Trinity Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1771.
  • 53. Church Papers; Widditt had been curate of St. John's, Lancaster, and master of the grammar school. The patrons were Robert Dent of Temple Bar, Robert Addison of Lancaster, Thomas Greene of Slyne and Anne Atkinson of Kirkby Lonsdale, owners of the manor of Cockerham.
  • 54. Church Papers; the patrons were John Dent, Agnes Addison, widow, Thomas Greene, James and Richard Atkinson. Young was educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf. (M.A. 1819), and died at Derby in 1822; Foster, Alumni.
  • 55. Also vicar of Backford, Ches. 1803– 27, residing there, and of Weaverham 1806–23 5 Ormerod, op. cit. ii, 371, 117. He was of Trinity Coll. Camb.; B.D. 1808.
  • 56. Church Papers at Chester. John Dodson the elder was patron for that turn only. The younger John was educated at Trinity Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1835. He was incumbent of Overton near Lancaster. He had a good reputation as a preacher, but becoming a Nonconformist forfeited the vicarage. He died in 1890. See the account of Caton above (p. 84).
  • 57. Educated at Caius Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1846.
  • 58. Instituted as Atkinson; took the additional name of Grimshaw in 1878. He was educated at St. John's Coll., Oxf.; M.A. 1845.
  • 59. Educated at Trinity Coll., Oxf.; M.A. 1874. Archdeacon of Lancaster 1895–1905. Appointed vicar of Rochdale 1905. The patron presented by purchase of the next presentation from Mr. Clarke, one of the lords of the manor, who on account of his religion was disqualified.
  • 60. Educated at Trinity Hall, Camb.; M.A. 1901. Mr. Prince has given the editors information on several points.
  • 61. Chester Dioc. Reg. The destruction of the rood under Edward VI and its restoration in the following reign are attested by a scurrilous story in Foxe, Acts and Monts. (ed. Cattley), vi, 564. The story, however, may be untrue; N. and Q. (Ser. 8), xii, 261.
  • 62. The two chapels are named in the list of 1610, but nothing is said of any minister; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 8.
  • 63. No curate appears in the visitation lists 1674–91.
  • 64. Notitia Cestr. ii, 406–7.
  • 65. Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 69. Mr. Cooke was schoolmaster.
  • 66. Church Papers at Chester; End. Char. Rep.