BHO

Townships: Ellel

Pages 96-101

A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 8. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1914.

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ELLEL

Ellhale, Dom. Bk.; Elhal, 1202; Elhale, 1208; Ellale, 1212. Sometimes an h is prefixed, as Hellehale, 1276; Hilhale, 1301.

Ellel is divided into three parts by the parallel streams of the Conder and Cocker, flowing mainly south-west through the central part of the township, but turning north-west to form the boundaries of Thurnham and Holleth respectively. The old chapel lies on the south bank of the Conder near the great road south from Lancaster to Preston; Ward Houses is just to the north and Galgate, (fn. 1) a considerable village, to the south. Ellel Grange is more than a mile to the south of Galgate. The eastern boundary is formed by Damas Gill, going south to the Wyre. West of the Cocker the surface is undulating; east it rises gradually with some depression till over 500 ft. above sea level is attained. The township has an area of 5,813 acres, (fn. 2) and its population in 1901 numbered 1,812.

The principal road is that mentioned from Lancaster to Preston; it has older roads, now subsidiary, at each side. From Galgate one road goes west to Glasson, and a second south-east to Dolphinholme. This last is crossed by another, going north-east from Bay Horse station to Quernmore. The Preston and Lancaster Canal goes through the western side of the township, and near Galgate a branch canal goes to the dock at Glasson. The London and North-Western Railway's main line from Carlisle to London also runs through the western side, having stations at Galgate and Bay Horse; the latter serves Dolphinholme, Forton and Cockerham.

Dr. Kuerden about 1695 made a brief note of his journey through Forton and this township: After passing the Hollins 'about a mile forward you leave on the left Forton Green in the way to Cockerham. About a mile off you pass through a fair green lane, then come to a few houses and a little brook called Cocker, then over Ellel moor, where the way over it passeth towards Halton and Hornby Castle. But keeping the left hand road you pass another little brook and soon after enter a lane at a gate called Ellel Gate. So going through that narrow lane, you come to Ellel M . . . and leaving a cross way towards Thurnham and Ellel chapel on the right, you pass by the S . . . to Scotforth.' (fn. 3)

For modern local government purposes Ellel has been divided into two portions, North and South, each with its parish council.

The silk mill at Galgate was working in 1825 (fn. 4) and still employs many of the people, but agriculture is the chief industry. Dolphinholme is chiefly in Nether Wyresdale; a century ago it was a busy manufacturing village, but declined, the last factory closing in 1867. (fn. 5) Most of the land is in pasture, but some corn is grown; the soil is gravelly with clay subsoil.

A Roman road from Ribchester to Lancaster is thought to have joined that from Preston northwards at Galgate. (fn. 6)

Manor

In 1066 ELLEL was one of three adjacent manors held by Cliber, Machern and Ghilemichel; it was assessed as two plough-lands. (fn. 7) Roger of Poitou appears to have held it in 1086, (fn. 8) and less than a century later it was a member of the fee held by the Lancaster family. (fn. 9) The lordship descended to Thweng (fn. 10) and Rigmaiden. (fn. 11)

William de Lancaster I, who died about 1170, granted the two plough-lands to Grimbald de Ellel to be held by knight's service where twenty-four plough-lands made a knight's fee. (fn. 12) Grimbald had several children, (fn. 13) and was succeeded in the manor by a son Herbert, who was still living in 1208, when he ratified a grant by his father (fn. 14); he was a benefactor of Furness (fn. 15) and Cockersand Abbeys. (fn. 16) Grimbald de Ellel son of Herbert in 1204 agreed to pay 2s. a year for land which his grandfather Grimbald had given to Lancaster Priory (fn. 17); he was a benefactor of Cockersand also. (fn. 18) His descendants were benefactors of the same house (fn. 19) and of Furness. (fn. 20) He was followed by a son of the same name, whose son and successor was Walter. (fn. 21) Grimbald de Ellel was concerned in various pleadings in 1246 (fn. 22) and in 1269 his three daughters were his co-heirs, the guardianship being given to Adam de Holland of Euxton. (fn. 23) The eldest Aline married Adam's son Robert, (fn. 24) and her third part of the manor descended to Molyneux of Sefton (fn. 25) in the same way as Euxton. Another daughter Juliana was carried off and married by Roger de Slene or Slyne, (fn. 26) and her third about a century later passed to the family of Pleasington of Healaugh in Swaledale. (fn. 27) Part was purchased by James Lawrence of Ashton, as recorded later; but another part seems to have been acquired by the Harringtons of Hornby, (fn. 28) and if so was in 1587 sold by Lord Morley to Sir Richard Molyneux. (fn. 29) The other daughter Ladarena married William de Catherton, (fn. 30) and on the failure of this line about 1422 her third was assigned to Sir Richard Molyneux as next heir. (fn. 31) Thus before 1600 almost the whole manor was reunited in the Molyneux family. (fn. 32) A grant of free warren was obtained in 1615, (fn. 33) and the manor descended with Sefton until 1770, shortly after which it was sold. (fn. 34) James Longworth is said to have been the purchaser. (fn. 35) From this time the manor of Ellel disappears from view, but in 1809 John Fenton Cawthorne was said to hold a moiety of it. (fn. 36)

Sir James Lawrence, as stated above, purchased at least a part of the manor from Sir Henry Pleasington—it is called a 'moiety'—and at his death in 1490 held the 'manor' of Ellel with appurtenances, known as Crag House, of the king by ½d. rent. (fn. 37) His estate became divided among a number of families, (fn. 38) but through the Skillicornes (fn. 39) Evan Haughton seems to have been the responsible tenant in 1608. (fn. 40) The Shiersons afterwards had part at least of Crag House estate. (fn. 41)

Molyneux. Azure a cross moline or.

An Inclosure Act was passed in 1755–6. (fn. 42)

Five religious houses held lands in Ellel. Leicester Abbey, perhaps in right of the chapel, had land, common of pasture, &c., in Hazelrigg, Elmsthwaite and Hallstude. (fn. 43) Cockersand Abbey had the estate called the GRANGE, (fn. 44) which after the Suppression was granted to Thomas Holt. (fn. 45) Part of it had been held by Burscough Priory, through a number of benefactions in 1324 and later. (fn. 46) Furness Abbey, as already shown, also had land in Ellel, (fn. 47) and so had Conishead Priory. (fn. 48)

The local families were of little importance. (fn. 49) In earlier times there were those of Potter, (fn. 50) Scales (fn. 51) and Ward. (fn. 52) Shireburne of Stonyhurst, (fn. 53) Brockholes of Claughton (fn. 54) and other owners (fn. 55) are found in the records, but in the 17th century the principal resident family was that of Preston of Ellel Grange. (fn. 56) They were recusants and Royalists, suffered fines and confiscations in consequence, (fn. 57) and disappeared from view. The Grange estate has several times changed hands, but its present owners are also named Preston. (fn. 58) The estate known as Ellel Hall was from about 1740 owned by the Ford family (fn. 59); after the death of William Ford it was in 1898 acquired by Lord Ashton. (fn. 60)

Pasture ground called the Hey Carr was in dispute in the time of Elizabeth between tenants of the different lords. (fn. 61)

Two yeomen, Nicholas Holden and John Serjeant, in 1717 registered estates as 'Papists.' (fn. 62)

Church

The origin and dedication of the ancient chapel of Ellel are unknown. It existed before 1156, and was included by William de Lancaster in his gift to Leicester Abbey. (fn. 63) The lords of the manor in 1292 endeavoured to compel the abbot to maintain a chaplain there, (fn. 64) but, as no such obligation was imposed by the benefactor's charter, a formal acquittance was at length obtained. (fn. 65) John the chaplain of Ellel occurs in 1326, (fn. 66) and service was no doubt maintained by the inhabitants down to the Reformation, but no details occur. In 1554. Henry Lewes was nominally in charge, but he was at Cockerham. (fn. 67) What happened afterwards is unknown, (fn. 68) but in 1650 a stipend of £50 had been assigned to it out of Royalist sequestrations, and Peter Atkinson was the minister. (fn. 69) In 1717 the only fixed income was £1 a year, interest on money left by will, and the same curate served Ellel and Shireshead chapels, (fn. 70) an arrangement which continued the rule until 1832. (fn. 71) The chapel, now known as St. John's, was rebuilt in 1804, (fn. 72) and a new church was built on an adjacent site in 1907. The net value is £277 a year.

The incumbents are appointed by the vicar of Cockerham. A separate district was assigned in 1858. (fn. 73) The following have been curates and vicars (fn. 74):—

1716 William Wilson
1727 John Marsden
1731 John Fisher
1733 Charles Epes (fn. 75)
1747 John Braithwaite (fn. 76)
1798 Richard Tunstal
1828 Henry Sharpe Pocklington, M.A. (fn. 77) (Christ's Coll., Camb.)
1829 Jonas Driver, M.A. (fn. 78) (Corpus Christi Coll., Camb.)
1832 William Dixon, B.A. (fn. 79) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1836 Robert Thompson, M.A.
1852 — Owmer
1856 James Lawrence, M.A. (fn. 80) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1864 Thomas Stedman Polehampton, M.A. (fn. 81) (Pembroke Coll., Oxf.)
1869 Fitzherbert Astley Cave-Browne-Cave, M.A. (fn. 82) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1874 Charles John Besley, M.A. (Edmund Hall, Oxf.)
1894 George Willes, M.A. (fn. 83) (Christ Ch., Oxf.)
1901 Frank Coleman

St. Mary's Chapel, Ellel Grange, was built by Alderman Preston and consecrated in 1873; Mrs. G. T. R. Preston is the patron. No district is assigned to it. St. Mark's, Dolphinholme, built in 1839 and consecrated in 1862, was rebuilt in 1897; Captain Charles Henry Garnett is patron. (fn. 84)

A school is mentioned in the visitation list of 1691, (fn. 85) but it probably failed, as Bishop Gastrell says nothing of it in 1717. Another school was established in 1753. (fn. 86)

Peter Atkinson, the minister of the Commonwealth period, was one of the more noteworthy Puritans, and by his admirers was named 'the Apostle of the North.' (fn. 87) He was at Ellel in 1646, a member of the Presbyterian Classis, and signed the 'Harmonious Consent' of 1648 as minister. In 1660 the endowment from Royalist sequestrations would cease, but he stayed on, and though he refused to conform in 1662 is said to have held the chapel till his death in 1677, being for some time assisted by his son and namesake. (fn. 88) His labours do not seem to have resulted in the formation of a permanent congregation, and after his death the chapel again came into the charge of the vicar of Cockerham. The Lancaster Independents began preaching at Galgate in 1797, but no continuous work was done till 1842. A small chapel was erected in 1844, but the cause did not prosper, and in 1867 meetings were discontinued. (fn. 89)

There is a Wesleyan chapel at Galgate, built about 1861, for a congregation formed many years previously. (fn. 90)

Footnotes

  • 1. The name occurs in the registers in 1605 as Gawgett. It is supposed that the cattle drovers from Galloway gave a name to the road and then to the hamlet that grew up beside it. There is also a Galgate in Barnard Castle.
  • 2. 5,811 acres, including 32 of inland water; Census Rep. 1901. A small part of Ellel was added to Nether Wyresdale in 1887; Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 20100.
  • 3. Loc. Glean. Lancs. and Ches. i, 217.
  • 4. Baines, Lancs. Dir. Lewis's Gazetteer, c. 1836, names two silk mills, and Pigot's Directory, c. 1845, a silk mill and a tannery. Later there was a cotton mill.
  • 5. a Hewitson, Northward, 103.
  • 6. Watkin, Roman Lancs. 79.
  • 7. V.C.H. Lancs. i, 290b.
  • 8. Ibid.
  • 9. Ibid, ii, 257, n. 13; and account of Nether Wyresdale.
  • 10. Marmaduke de Thweng in 1301 secured part at least of Ellel, holding it by knight's service; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 214. He had the manor in 1322; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 125, 147. William de Thweng in 1341 had no profit from Ellel beyond the rent payable to the Earl of Lancaster; Inq. p.m. 15 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 4. Thomas de Thweng held it as two ploughlands in 1346 by knight's service and castle ward rent; Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 80. In 1374 it was held of the same Thomas by Richard Molyneux, Thomas Slene and Richard Talbot and Anilla his wife by knight's service and 10d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 4, 5. The heir of Sir John Lumley was lord in 1423; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 23 (misprinted Henley).
  • 11. John son of John de Rigmaiden (lord of a moiety of Wyresdale) had a rent from Ellel in 1323; Final Conc. ii, 51. The same appears from a pleading of ten years later; Coram Rege R. 294, m. 47. Thomas de Rigmaiden in 1362 claimed a moiety of the mill of Ellel, &c., against the Earl of Lancaster; De Banco R. 411, m. 246 d. Next year he recovered a third part of the manor during the minority of the heir of William de Holland, the jury averring that the said William had held of him by knight's service; ibid. 416, m. 223, 223 d. In 1366 he claimed the third part of a water mill against John de Catherton; ibid. 425, m. 577. The Rigmaidens appear in other pleas regarding tenements in Ellel.
  • 12. Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 4.
  • 13. Grimbald gave 2 oxgangs of land in Ellel and half a plough-land in Thornubythwaite to Roger son of Adam in marriage with his daughter Sunneva, a pound of cummin being payable; Final Conc. i, 27.
  • 14. Ibid. Herbert also occurs in 1202; ibid, i, 13. His sureties in 1207 were Grimbald de Ellel and Richard his brother; ibid, citing Curia Regis R. 45, m. 6 d. A Richard son of Grimbald de Ellel released to Michael de Furness his claim to land beyond a certain boundary which had been defined between Oxthwaite and Ellel; Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 76. The witnesses included Sir William le Boteler (who died in 1233) and Grimbald de Ellel. Herbert had a brother Hugh, to whom he gave lands in Ellel to be held by rendering a pair of spurs yearly; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 204. Hugh had a son Jordan de Ellel (ibid.), who occurs 1244–9; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 159, 175.
  • 15. He gave thirty car-loads of dead wood from Ellel; Add. MS. 33244, fol. 86.
  • 16. He gave all the land called Cockshoot (Kocsuth), within bounds including Whitelathe Brook, the Waingate by Pottersdoor and Potterspits, and Whitebreck; also a fulling mill on the Conder between Linholme and the fishery, and pasture rights; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc), iii, 779.
  • 17. Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), i, 40. The date is fixed by one of the witnesses, William de Vernon, 'then sheriff of Lancashire'; P.R.O. List, 72. Grimbald seems to have succeeded his father before May 1209; Final Conc. i, 29. He is not named in the inquest of 1212.
  • 18. He gave a moiety of Sedgwick in Westmorland, also four oaks a year from Ellel Wood to help the canons to build at Cockersand and a rent of 10s. from the manor; Chartul. 770–1.
  • 19. Grimbald son of Grimbald gave to Cockersand lands in Ragarthout (adjoining Ashton), Flasks, Birstathgrentel (purchased from Robert de Molyneux and Alice his wife) and Ramsrigg; ibid, iii, 772–4. Robert and Alice released their claim to the abbey; ibid. They had in 1246 released to Grimbald de Ellel the oxgang of land in Ellel which Robert had had in free marriage with Alice; Assize R. 404, m. 9. Grimbald de Sowerby seems to have been another son of Grimbald de Ellel; he granted to Cockersand land which his father (? brother) had given him in Ellel; Chartul. iii, 771. Walter son of Grimbald de Ellel gave a parcel of land by Lidgate Syke and another parcel in Lickhead; ibid. 781–3. It is not clear whether or not he is the same as Walter son of Grimbald de Sowerby who released to the canons lands in Ellel given them by Alice de Wethermeloch and Richard le Boteler; ibid. 767. From Alice's charter it appears she was the wife of Gervase de Oxcliffe and had land in Ellel in Hubberstath (held of Walter son of Grimbald de Sowerby), lying on each side of the highway into Wyresdale, half an oxgang of land in the same place (held of Henry son of Richard de Ellel), Uctredsfield (of same), Launland and Hallstude (of Jordan son of Hugh de Ellel); all these were given to the abbey; ibid. 762. Richard le Boteler's land, known as Peresfield, was held of Walter de Ellel; ibid. 767. From a fine of 1254 it appears that the Abbot of Cockersand was to pay Gervase de Oxcliffe and Alice his wife 40s. and two stones of wool yearly during her life; Final Conc. i, 115.
  • 20. Grimbald son of Grimbald de Ellel gave part of his land in Lickhead, the bounds being as follows: From a stannery on the west side of the way to another on the east side, going on to the brook between Greenbank and Lickhead, thence up to the Dodded oak, by the hedge to the brook between Hubberstath and Lickhead, along the brook until opposite the stannery and so across to the startingpoint; Add. MS. 33244, fol. 86. As Adam de Coupmanwra was a witness, the charter cannot be later than 1236. Walter son of Grimbald de Ellel about the same time confirmed his father's gift; ibid. fol. 86b. He also made two further grants; ibid. fol. 86b, 87.
  • 21. From the preceding notes it appears that Grimbald son of Grimbald was in possession in 1236 and 1246 and that he had a son Walter, who seems to have been in possession between 1253 and 1261; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 191, 227. Walter probably died without issue to inherit. In 1288 Grimbald de Holland, Roger de Slene, Juliana his wife, William de Catherton and Ladarena his wife claimed from Thomas Abbot of Cockersand messuages and land granted to the abbey by one Grimbald son of Herbert de Ellel to provide a canon to sing for him, it being alleged that this service had not been fulfilled. Grimbald was grandfather of Juliana and Ladarena and great-grandfather of Grimbald de Holland; De Banco R. 73, m. 7; 76, m. 45. The pleading seems to have been continued in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 58 d.
  • 22. Geoffrey Arkwright and William Redcopping acknowledged themselves to be 'natives' of Grimbald's; ibid. 404, m. 10. Hugh Russel of Chaigley, son of Robert son of Hugh, recovered seisin of 20 acres in Ellel, as his father's estate, against Grimbald de Ellel; ibid. m. 12.
  • 23. Adam de Holland complained that Roger Collan of Slyne with a number of others had forcibly abducted Juliana, a daughter and co-heir of Grimbald de Ellel, from the manor of Ellel and had taken certain goods and chattels. The guardianship belonged to Agnes de Brus, of whom Grimbald had held, and she had sold it to the plaintiff; Curia Regis R. 194, m. 28 d.; 200, m. 1, 2 d. Sir Adam de Holland had a manor-house at Cockshoots, for the canons of Leicester allowed him an oratory there for the term of his own life and that of Christiana his wife; Laud. MS. H 72, fol, 46. See the account of Euxton in Leyland. Alice widow of Thomas de Coupmanwra in 1276 claimed dower in Ellel against Adam de Holland and others; De Banco R. 15, m. 22. All three daughters were married by 1276, when with their husbands they complained that various persons had cut down their trees, &c.; ibid. 17, m. 84 d. Soon afterwards the Abbot of Leicester and Robert son of Nicholas de Ellel claimed estovers in the wood of Ellel against them; ibid. 17, m. 129 d.; 21, m. 71. Hugh Russel (see last note) in 1279 claimed 20 acres against each couple; ibid. 31, m. 79 d. Aline must have been dead in 1288, when, as appears above, her son Grimbald was plaintiff in her place.
  • 24. Robert de Holland, son of Sir Adam, granted to Cockersand Abbey a part of his land called Layndisholme (formerly Alexander de Church's) and released the canons from the payment of 1d. and four sheaves of oats, in the name of ward, due from them for certain of their lands; Chartul. iii, 782. The Abbot of Leicester complained in 1278 that Robert de Holland and others had seized his corn in the highway at Ellel; De Banco R. 23, m. 11. At the same time Robert and Aline complained that Roger Collan of Slene (Slyne), Juliana his wife, William dc Catherton and Ladarena his wife had thrown down their fence; Assize R. 1238, m. 33 d. Robert son and heir of Adam de Holland about 1286 gave land called Appletreehead in Ellel to his son Richard; his father Adam had bought it from Thomas de Coupmanwra; Croxteth D. Cecily widow of John de Paries claimed four messuages, &c, against Robert de Holland in 1299; De Banco R. 129, m. 55. William de Holland in 1323 held certain lands, &c, in Ellel of the heirs of Marmaduke de Thweng by knight's service, doing suit at the six weeks court of Lancaster and at the three weeks wapentake of Lonsdale, paying 4s. to a scutage of 40s., and a third part of 10d. yearly for ward of the castle of Kirkby in Kendal. The third part of the manorhouse was worth 10s. in time of peace, but then only 40d., because wasted by the Scots, who had also burned thirty cottages. There was a water mill. The normal value of this part of the manor was given as £11 19s. 4d.; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 162. In 1331–2 Robert son of William de Holland complained that Robert de Washington, who had had the custody of plaintiff's manor of Ellel, had made waste therein, digging for marl and clay and selling the same, pulling down a hall, chamber and oxhouse, and cutting down oaks, ashes, alders, pear trees and apple trees; De Banco R. 287, m. 588; 291, m. 227. Thomas son of Sir Marmaduke de Thweng in 1361 claimed the custody of two-thirds of the manor of Ellel until the majority of the heir of William de Holland; Assize R. 441, m. 3. In 1362 Henry le Waleys, rector of Aughton, and the other trustee granted William de Holland's estate in Ellel to William son of Sir John de Langton, with the reversion of the dower of Cecily the widow, with remainder to William son of William de Molyneux; Add. MS. 32106, fol. 272.
  • 25. Richard de Molyneux in 1398 had the manor of Ellel; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 71. The Curwens of Caton in 1457 and 1483 held land in the township of Molyneux; ibid, ii, 64, 114.
  • 26. Roger was the Roger Collan who was charged with her abduction in 1269. In 1278 Roger de Slene and Juliana his wife recovered from William de Catherton and Ladarena his wife (Juliana's sister) a small piece of land in Ellel; Assize R. 1235, m. 12. In 1283 Roger complained that William son of Adam le Fevre had cut trees down in the wood; De Banco R. 49, m. 22 d. Roger son of Richard de Slene made a grant in Ackeman ridding to Robert son of Adam de Holland in 1289; Croxteth D. The Abbot of Leicester in 1292 agreed with Roger, Juliana, William and Ladarena respecting estovers in Ellel Wood; Assize R. 408, m. 43, 62. For the abbot and his tenants of Hazelrigg, the church land and Hallstude they allowed housebote and heybote, also acquittance of pannage for their pigs in mast-time; Final Conc. i, 168. Eustace de Cottesbach in 1298 charged Roger de Slene with taking his cattle, but Roger replied that they belonged to Hugh de Cockerham, whose rent (half a pound of cummin) was in arrear; De Banco R. 124, m. 62. There were several disputes between Holland and Slene. In 1302 Robert de Holland of Euxton demanded land in Ellel and Ashton against Roger de Slene, Juliana his wife and their sons Thomas, William, Richard and Roger. The right of the three daughters of Grimbald de Ellel was alleged, and it was stated that Roger had acquired Ladarena's share; Assize R. 418, m. 10. To another claim by Robert it was alleged that he, Roger, and Juliana were chief lords of Ellel and held the waste indivisibly, and a verdict was in this as in the former case given for the Slenes; ibid. m. 8 d. A partition was sought in 1305; De Banco R. 153, m. 285. In 1308 Roger and Juliana charged Robert de Holland with waste in the wood; ibid. 173, m. 455. Juliana in 1334, being then widow of Roger de Slene, claimed a messuage, &c., in Ellel against John de Harrington the elder; ibid. 300, m. 187. Thomas de Slene was plaintiff against Robert de Slene in 1331; Assize R. 1404, m. 25 d. Denise widow of Robert de Slene was plaintiff in 1338; De Banco R. 316, m. 84, 105 d. Thomas and Roger de Slene were defendants in 1344, but in the following year Joan the widow of Thomas was joined with Roger, they having two-thirds of Ellel; Assize R. 1435, m. 42, 35. Joan the widow of Thomas and Roger his son again appear in 1346; De Banco R. 348, m. 386 d., 175 d. Roger de Slene in 1352 sought three messuages, &c, in Ellel against Roger de Wedacre, who alleged a quitclaim (dated 1337) from Thomas, plaintiff's father; Assize R. 435, m. 29 d.; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 8 d., 10 d. Two years later Thomas de Rigmaiden charged Roger de Slene with wrongfully seizing his cattle at Fishwick Lound in Ellel. Roger said that one Robert de Fishwick had held of him by a service of 2s. to the scutage, 4d. rent and grinding at his mill to the thirteenth measure, and that Robert had granted to plaintiff, who had neglected to render the services due; ibid. 3, m. 8 d. Robert de Fishwick and Joan his wife were in 1331–2 defendants to a claim for a tenement by Roger Stote (son of John and Quenilda); De Banco R. 288, m. 16 d.; 292, m. 440 d. Roger was living in 1361 (Assize R. 441, m. 3), but by 1372 had been succeeded by his son Thomas (De Banco R. 447, m. 447 d.), who was wounded in an affray at Ellel in May 1374, and died seven weeks afterwards, as was alleged by his brother William; Thomas de Rigmaiden and others were charged with his death; Coram Rege R. 457, m. 78. William eon of Roger de Slene made a settlement of his third part of the manor in 1374; Final Conc. ii, 187.
  • 27. Sir Robert de Pleasington, chief baron of the Exchequer Court 1380–3, acquired it. He was one of the guardians of the Dacre manors of Halton, &c., in 1376; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 341. It may be noted that William de Dacre had a tenement in Ellel in 1305; Final Conc. i, 206. An entry in the Close Roll of 1378–9 states that Thomas de Broughton, rector of Newton, by Thomas de Rigmaiden and others gave seisin of the third part of the manor of Ellel to Robert de Pleasington; Close, 2 Ric. II, m. 26 d. A feoffment of the third part of the manor of Ellel was made by Sir Robert de Pleasington and John de Pleasington in 1387; Final Conc. iii, 29. Sir Robert died in 1393–4, leaving by Agnes his wife a son Robert; Foss, Judges; Dict. Nat. Biog. There is a pedigree in Plantagenet Harrison's Yorks. i, 249. In 1396 Gilbert de Man and Alice his wife claimed a third part of the manor of Ellel against Robert de Pleasington, who called Sir Thomas de Skelton and Katherine his wife to warrant him; Pal. of Lanc. Chan. Misc. bdle. 1, file 3, no. 70. Robert son of Sir Robert was called an idiot, and his third part of the manor was taken into the king's hands about 1403; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 5. Sir Henry Pleasington and Richard Bolton of Hedon in Holderness in 1451 gave to feoffees the manor of Ellel, with lands, rents, &c, which had formerly belonged to Sir Robert Pleasington, grandfather of Sir Henry; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 17, m. 22 d. This feoffment was confirmed by fine; Final Conc. iii, 118. In 1450 Richard Molyneux and Sir Henry Pleasington were the lords of Ellel; Lancs. Inq.p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 57. In 1490 other parts of the Pleasington estates—in Great Eccleston, Poulton, Poolhouse, Penwortham and Catterall— were claimed by Isabel wife of Sir Richard Sapcote; she was daughter of John brother of Sir Henry Pleasington, whose son William had no issue. The tenant, Robert Pleasington, claimed as son of Nicholas son of William Pleasington; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 70, m. 12.
  • 28. John de Harrington in 1331 claimed from Robert de Slene and Denise his wife the fulfilment of a covenant as to two messuages, &c., in Ellel; De Banco R. 287, m. 409 d. Sir John de Harrington the elder has been mentioned in connexion with the Slene part of the manor in 1346; see also ibid. 350, m. 256. In 1466 another Sir John acquired the fourth part of the tenement of Thomas Robinson from Robert Kendal of Lancaster son and heir of Ellen sister and co-heir of the said Thomas; Kuerden fol. MS. p. 211. A manor of Ellel is named in 1572 among those held (or claimed) by Stephen and Henry Harrington of Farleton, and in 1572 among the members of the Hornby fee of Lord Mounteagle; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 34, m. 76, 80; 36, m. 7. This manor is named a little earlier, in 1567, as held by Lord Mounteagle; ibid. bdle. 29, m. 32. In 1554 lands and rent in Ellel were sold or mortgaged by Sir William Stanley and Anne his wife to John and Thomas Browne; ibid. bdle. 15, m. 120. The Brownes had in 1559 a dispute with Thomas Lord Mounteagle, who alleged that Sir William had no estate of inheritance in Ellel, &c, these having been settled on Sir Edward Stanley (the first Lord Mounteagle) and his heirs male; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. xli, B 1. In 1561–4 Lord Mounteagle was tenant of the manor in common with Sir Richard Molyneux, as appears from a pleading cited below; ibid, xlviii, F 20.
  • 29. John Penruddock of Newsam, Wilts., in 1582 acquired the manor of Ellel, with Harrington Park and Gressingham, from the mortgagees (in 1567) of Lord Mounteagle; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 250, m. 7. Then in 1587 Edward Lord Morley, who had married the heiress of Lord Mounteagle, John Penruddock and Joan his wife sold to Sir Richard Molyneux; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 49, m. 184.
  • 30. The surname is given variously as Eccleston, Caunton, Calthorp and Catherton (several spellings), but the last is the usual form. Isolda and Alice daughters of Hugh the Forester in 1277 claimed a tenement in Ellel against William de Catherton and Nicholas his brother; Assize R. 1235, m. 13. One Hugh the Forester was dead in 1246 when his son Alan claimed certain land in Ellel; ibid. 404, m. 6. Ladarena widow of William de Catherton in 1317 claimed three messuages, &c., against Marmaduke son of John de Rigmaiden; De Banco R. 220, m. 407. It has been shown above that the Catherton third of the manor was before 1302 demised to the Slene family, possibly for a term.
  • 31. Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 23; the descent is thus given: Ladarena -s. Alan -s. Alan -s. William -s. Thomas. Thomas de Catherton had held the third part of the manor of Thomas son and heir of Sir John de Lumley, in ward to the king, as of the duchy of Lancaster. The following are references to this famity's tenure: In 1331 Alan de Catherton claimed the fulfilment of an agreement by which Roger de Wedacre and Margery his wife were to keep house with him at Ellel; De Banco R. 286, m. 251 d. Margery widow of Alan de Catherton in 1339 claimed dower against Thomas son of Marmaduke de Rigmaiden; ibid. 317, m. 171. Another Alan de Catherton was stated to have been killed at Ellel by Roger de Rigmaiden in Sept. 1344; Coram Rege R. 427, m. 20 d. Margery was dead in 1344, when Thomas de Slene said that he held a third part of a tenement in Ellel in conjunction with John son of Alan de Catherton, which John was under age in 1343; Assize R. 1435, m. 42, 51 d. John de Catherton was plaintiff in 1357, and was living in 1366; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 1 d.; 7, m. 3 d.; De Banco R. 425, m. 577. William the brother and heir of John son of Alan de Catherton claimed a third part of the manor against Richard Talbot and Anilla his wife in 1372, and against Jordan de Bailey, chaplain, in 1373–4; ibid. 446, m. 174 d.; 452, m. 582; 456, m. 45 d. In 1376 he claimed certain land against Edmund Lawrence; ibid. 463, m. 299 d.
  • 32. Sir William Molyneux in 1548 held two parts of the manor of Ellel, with thirty-two messuages, &c, of the heirs of Sir John de Lumley by knight's service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 2. Sir Richard Molyneux in 1568 was said to have held the manor of the queen as of her duchy by knight's service; ibid. xiii, no. 35. This statement is repeated in later inquisitions, and the manor is named in settlements of the Molyneux estates; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 383, 390; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 151, m. 146 (1653), &c.
  • 33. Pat. 13 Jas. I, pt. xii.
  • 34. Abstract of Title, 1799; Ellel was sold between 1770 and 1773.
  • 35. Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 590.
  • 36. His father, James Fenton, married (about 1748) Elizabeth sister and co-heir of John Cawthorne of Over Wyresdale, and in 1781 assumed the additional surname of Cawthorne. The son, John Fenton Cawthorne, was member for Lancaster three times between 1807 and his death in 1831; Pink and Beaven, Parl. Reprt. of Lancs. 129. He mortgaged a moiety of the manor of Ellel, with lands, &c., there and in Over Wyresdale in 1799–1800; Com. Pleas Recov. R. Trin. 49 Geo. III, m. 8, 10 (a number of Cawthorne deeds accompany these).
  • 37. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 122–3,132 (where his estate is not called a manor). Robert Lawrence in 1450 held four messuages, &c., of Richard Molyneux and Henry Pleasington in socage; ibid, ii, 57.
  • 38. Part descended to John Boteler of Out Rawcliffe, who died in 1534; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 4. James Standish and Elizabeth his wife had a share in 1545; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 181. Thomas Rigmaiden's trustee in 1520 gave the fourth part of the manor of Ellel, held of the king as duke by ½d. rent, to Thomas Hesketh and his heirs; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 65. Ellel is named in later Rigmaiden inquisitions; ibid, xiv, no. 5, 87. Another portion descended through Clifton and Molyneux to Anne wife of Henry Halsall who made settlements of this manor of Ellel in 1557 and 1571; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdles. 17, m. 55; 33, m. 76. Ellel is named in the inquisitions as part of the Clifton estates; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 34; xiv, no. 81.
  • 39. Richard Skillicorne died in 1534 holding 'Lawrence lands' in Ellel of the king in socage by ½d. rent; ibid, x, no. 25.
  • 40. Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 125. In 1625 Lawrence Livesey of Ravenshead in Sutton held a messuage, &c, of the king as duke; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 746. Richard Haughton of Carleton in 1630 held land in Ellel of Lord Molyneux; ibid. 523. A letter of George Livesey's (son of the above-named Lawrence) states that Ellel in 1631 was free from the plague; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 45.
  • 41. a a See the account of Lancaster. John Shierson died in 1625 holding of Lord Molyneux, and leaving as heir his son Christopher, thirty years old; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 1086.
  • 42. Private Act, 29 Geo. II, cap. 37; Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 120.
  • 43. The chartulary (MS. Laud. H 72, fol. 45b, &c.) shows that the abbot and canons obtained acknowledgement of their right from Robert de Holland, Roger de Slene and William de Catherton. They granted land to Robert son of Warine, Henry son of Alan, Robert the Porter, Richard de Ellel, clerk (the bounds beginning on the road to Lancaster where the ditch goes down to Radbere Well), and Simon son of Eda (between Cocker and Hazelrigg). The three lords of Ellel in 1291 claimed certain land against the Abbot of Leicester and John le Fevre; De Banco R. 90, m. 71.
  • 44. A number of the charters have already been quoted. Among the benefactors were Nicholas de Yealand, who gave an oxgang of land in Birstathgrintel; also Adam son of Roger de Yealand and his successor Robert de Conyers, who released respectively the services of Hugh de Ellale and of Hugh's son Jordan, viz. a rent of 4s.; Charlul, iii, 768–9. Jordan (oc. 1244–9) son of Hugh de Ellel gave several parcels of land in Whitestorths, Tratherigg, &c.; ibid. 775–8. Henry son of Richard de Ellel gave his right in half an oxgang of land in Hubberstath and Uctredsfield; by the latter was a ford over the Conder, marked by a cross; ibid. 766, 780. John of the Tannery released to the canons a part of the land he held of them; it lay on the west side of the highway from Lancaster through the middle of Ellel towards Garstang; ibid. 782. This road is probably that called the 'Waingate' in other charters. The abbot granted the land of Henry son of John of the Tannery to Hugh son of Alexander de Ellel in 1307. A rent of 12d. was to be paid and a relief of half a mark at death; ibid. 784. Robert del Grange of Ellel occurs in 1329; De Banco R. 277, m. 18d. The Grange is named as the Cockersand tenement in 1340; Cal. Pat. 1338–40, p. 438. Jordan Abbot of Cockersand and two fellow canons in July 1357 claimed common of pasture against Roger de Slene, William de Holland, Thomas de Rigmaiden and John de Catherton; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 2 d. In 1360 another complaint was made against Slene, Catherton and William son of William de Molyneux; ibid. 8, m. 11 d.
  • 45. Pat. 35 Hen. VIII, pt. iv. It is named in the inquisitions of the Holt family cited above under Forton. Pasture called Cockshotts in Ellel was granted with Pilling to John Kitchen; ibid. pt. xiii. It descended like Pilling, as will be seen below. Another grant of the Cockersand lands in Ellel was made to Edward Wymark in 1588; Pat. 30 Eliz., pt. vii.
  • 46. Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 202–3. The benefactors were Agnes widow of John Ward, Alice widow of William de Slene, Ladarena widow of William de Catherton and Alan their son and Robert son of William (de Holland) of Euxton. Coteholmes and Starebank are among the field-names. The prior and convent in 1326 demised their estate to Geoffrey de Holleth for ten years at a rent of 13s. 4d. Licence of mortmain was duly granted in 1325; Cal. Pat. 1324–7, p. 183. In 1334 the Prior of Burscough claimed from the Abbot of Cockersand acquittance of the services demanded by Robert de Holland in Ellel; De Banco R. 299, m. 12. Giles Talbot had the land to farm for twenty years from 1436; Burscough Reg. fol. 1b. In 1536 the land was known as Prior's Hey or Burscoughfield, and was occupied by John Wilkinson at a rent of 13s. 4d.; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals and Surv. bdle. 4, no. 6a and b.
  • 47. In addition to the charters already cited the chartulary contains others by Nicholas Kay of Ellel (acknowledging the rents of 1d. and 7d.) and Richard son of Jordan de Lickhead (release of messuage, grange and kiln); Add. MS. 33244, fol. 87b, 88.
  • 48. The priory's land was at the northwest end of the township; Cockersand Chartul. iii, 778. Jordan (called de Hallstude) son of Hugh son of Grimbald de Ellel gave two parcels in Tratherigg; Dugdale, Mon. vi, 555. From a Conishead rental of about 1519 it appears that Sir William Molyneux paid 14d. quit-rent for lands in Ellel; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals and Surv. bdle. 4, no. 4. The estate is mentioned in 1535–6; Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 94. It was sold to Robert Angel and others in 1609, to be held in socage of the royal manor of Enfield; Pat. 7 Jas. I, pt. xiv. Another grant was made to John Eldred and others in 1612; Pat. 9 Jas. I, pt. iv.
  • 49. Ellel occurs as a surname after the main line was extinct, but no connected account can be given of the bearers.
  • 50. William Potter, as successor of Henry de Ellel, claimed common of pasture in 200 acres against Robert son of Adam de Holland, Aline his wife, Thurstan de Ellel, and Adam the Heir in 1278; Assize R. 1238, m. 34. Ten years later Richard son of William the Potter was plaintiff; ibid. 1277, m. 31.
  • 51. Jordan son of William de Scales (Scoles, Schales) sought a messuage and land in 1291–1301 against Robert de Holland and Emma widow of William de Scales; but it appeared that the father had purchased the tenement and given it to his wife, who sold it to Robert de Holland; Assize R. 407, m. 1 d.; 408, m. 7; 419, m. 1 d., 5 d.
  • 52. William the Ward of Ellel in 1343–5 claimed housebote, heybote and other easements against Roger and Thomas de Slene; Assize R. 1435, m. 51 d., 42, 35–6. John Swainson and Agnes his wife were defendants in 1350–5; Assize R. 1444, m. 4; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 4, m. 22. Adam son of Adam de Kenyon in 1357 claimed a tenement against Margaret widow of Adam; ibid. 6, m. 5 d. In 1383 William de Beconsaw obtained a messuage and land from John de Charnock and Cecily his wife; Final Conc. iii, 19.
  • 53. The Shireburne abstract book at Leagram shows that in 1339 Richard son of Adam le Fevre gave land in Ellel to Adam le Fevre and Isolda his wife. In 1495–6 Richard son of Nicholas Southworth granted the reversion of Blake Hall in Ellel to George Stanley Lord Strange after the death of the grantor's uncle William Southworth. Then in 1563 Edward Earl of Derby and Mary his wife sold five messuages, &c., to Sir Richard Shireburne, who had already purchased Hessomsyke, &c., from Henry Whaley and Agnes his wife. The fines relating to these purchases are Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 125, 165. Robert Southworth died in or before 1516 holding in Ellel of William Molyneux; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 2. William Whaley, vicar of Westoning, Beds., in 1546 granted a lease of 'Harsock' syke to George Southworth; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, W 216. Ellel is named in the later Shireburne inquisitions, but the tenure is not recorded.
  • 54. Thomas Brockholes in 1567 held of the queen as of the late monastery of Cockersand in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 6. See also Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 148.
  • 55. The freeholders recorded in 1600 were Christopher Parkinson, William Welbee and Henry Harrison; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 229–30. William Harrison and his sons Henry and Edward occur in 1578; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 40, m. 134. Thomas Harrison of Manchester had a messuage in Ellel in 1640; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 72. John Allen of Rossall died in 1593 holding land in Ellel of Sir Richard Molyneux by 4s. 5d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), i, 198. Barnaby Kitchen of Pilling also in 1603 held land of Molyneux, but his daughter Anne Ashton was in 1618 said to hold of the king by knight's service; ibid, i, 24–7; ii, 291. Hugh Hesketh held a share in 1625—tenure not recorded; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 16. Thomas Ashton of Croston held another part in 1632 as appurtenant to Pilling; ibid, xxix, no. 6. Robert Dalton of Thurnham in 1578 held land in Ellel of the queen by knight's service; ibid. xiv, no. 1. It had been part of the Cockersand estate. William Richmond died in 1621 holding of the king as of his duchy by knight's service. John his son and heir was twenty years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 253. James Croskell in 1575 purchased a fourth part of Wardhouses, &c., from John Birkhead (Birkett) and Robert his son and heir; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 37, m. 67. James Croskell the elder wag buried 18 Sept. 1601; Cockerham Reg. Oswald Croskell died in 1637 holding two messuages, &c., of Lord Molyneux in socage by 5½d. rent. James his son and heir was thirty-one years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 88. Robert Croft, who died in 1633, held of the king as of his manor of East Greenwich. He left a son Thomas, aged sixteen; ibid. 253.
  • 56. William Preston and Janet Preston widow were in possession in 1551 when Thomas Holt claimed in virtue of his purchase of the Cockersand estate from Henry VIII. The defence was that the abbot and convent had given a lease, at £6 rent, to Elizabeth wife of Nicholas Preston and to the said Janet wife of Richard Preston. The lands were not demesne lands of the abbey, but had always been let to farm; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI, xxix, H 7. Robert Preston (of Grange), who died in 1638, held a messuage and land of the king; he left a widow Ellen and a son and heir John, aged twenty-four; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, no. 64.
  • 57. In 1650 William Preston complained that his estate had been sequestered without due cause, but in 1652 Mary his wife prayed for an allowance from his estate, which was sequestered for recusancy and delinquency. In the same year the estate was declared forfeit, but in 1653 William Preston was able to compound for the Ellel Grange estate by a fine of £185 9s. 8d.; Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 2505, 3106; Index of Royalists (Index Soc), 43. Robert Cansfield of Ellel was another recusant whose estate was in part sequestered; Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3185. Preston, Cansfield and Serjeant occur among the convicted recusants c. 1670; Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 254.
  • 58. A century ago the Grange was owned by Richard Worswick of Lancaster, banker. After his failure and death in 1823 it was purchased by Richard Atkinson, one of the lords of Cockerham, for, £11,480 (Time-honoured Lanc. 231), and after another sale was in 1856 acquired by Alderman William Preston of Liverpool, spirit rectifier. He died in 1871, and the estate is now held by his son's trustees; Hewitson, Northward, 110.
  • 59. There is a pedigree in Burke's Landed Gentry.
  • 60. Hewitson, op. cit. 120.
  • 61. In 1561 Richard Forster stated that William Lord Mounteagle held a third part of the manor of Ellel, with waste, &c., Sir Richard Molyneux holding two-thirds, and he had obtained leases from the lords of a pasture called the Hey Carr, containing 60 acres. His use was disputed by William Preston and others, alleging that the tenants of Sir Thomas Holt (for the Grange) and the queen (for other lands) had common in the pasture; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. xlviii, F 20; lviii, F 2. In 1580, after the death of Richard Forster, Richard Molyneux, as heir of his grandfather Sir Richard, complained of intrusion by Francis Holt. The reply was, as before, that the owner of the Grange had right of pasture in the Hey Carr; ibid, cxii, M 6.
  • 62. Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 144–5.
  • 63. Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 392.
  • 64. Assize R. 408, m. 100, 59 d.
  • 65. By an inquiry in 1366; see the account of Cockerham Church.
  • 66. Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 136.
  • 67. Visit. Lists at Chester Dioc. Reg.
  • 68. The chapel is named in 1610 as belonging to Cockerham, but nothing is said of any use made of it; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 8. From the registers it appears that marriages took place at Ellel in 1624 and 1642. James Drummond was curate in 1638; Lanc. Reg.
  • 69. Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 129. In 1646 the 'maintenance' was said to be £4 a year, and £40 was assigned to the chapel out of the tithes sequestered from John Bradshaw, 'Papist and delinquent'; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 15. At that time there was no minister in charge. Peter Atkinson received £40 in 1659; ibid, ii, 289.
  • 70. Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 406. In summer the curate preached at each chapel every Sunday, in winter on alternate Sundays.
  • 71. From the list of Shireshead curates it will be seen that each chapel had its curate from 1727 to 1733.
  • 72. There is a sketch of the old chapel among Captain E. Jones's drawings (in the possession of W. Farrer); it had nave and chancel and a bell on the west gable.
  • 73. Lond. Gaz. 4 May 1858.
  • 74. From the church papers at Chester Dioc. Reg.
  • 75. He was buried 3 Dec. 1746.
  • 76. Nominated by the bishop by lapse. He stayed till his death.
  • 77. He was incumbent of Overton, Lancaster, and does not seem to have taken possesiion of Ellel, as Jonas Driver was appointed to the vacancy 'by the death of John (sic) Tunstal, last incumbent.'
  • 78. After his death in 1832 curates were appointed to each of the chapels—Ellel and Shireshead.
  • 79. He was appointed to the perpetual curacy of Tong in Yorkshire in 1835.
  • 80. Afterwards of St. Michael's, Liverpool.
  • 81. He published Assize Sermons, &c., and edited a memoir of the Rev. H. S. Polehampton of Lucknow. Afterwards vicar of St. Bartholomew the Less, London, 1869, and chaplain at Oporto 1878.
  • 82. Vicar of Horton 1867, vicar of Padiham 1874 and of Longridge 1877.
  • 83. Vicar of Fulwood 1901.
  • 84. A district was formed for it in 1863; Lond. Gaz. 6 Feb.
  • 85. Henry Clarkson was master; licensed 1688.
  • 86. End. Char. Rep. 1900.
  • 87. Calamy, Nonconf. Mem. (ed. Palmer), ii, 92.
  • 88. Ibid.
  • 89. Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. i, 204–7.
  • 90. Ibid.