A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 4, the City of Oxford. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1979.
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This gazetteer covers only the area of the medieval town. Streets are listed under their latest names. Except where otherwise stated the sources used were: H. E. Salter, The Historic Names of the Streets and Lanes of Oxford; Margaret Gelling, The Place-Names of Oxfordshire (E.P.N.S.), i. 37-44, which gives derivations; I. Taylor, Map of Oxford (1751); R. S. Hoggar, Plan of Oxford (1850).
Bear Lane (by 1814): perhaps Little Jewry (1388) and Jury Lane (1484). (fn. 1)
Church Street (by 1850): Friars Street (1490); Newmarket Street (1644); (fn. 4) St. Ebbe's Street (1751). Most of the street was destroyed by the building of the Westgate Centre in 1970, and the remnant was renamed Pennyfarthing Place.
Fisher Row (mid 17th cent.): 'Waram' or bank of Thames (c. 1245, late 15th cent.). (fn. 7)
High Street: East Street (c. 1195); (fn. 10) High St. from the early 13th century. The part in All Saints' parish was Butchers' Street c. 1218. (fn. 11) About 1180 and in 1438 the part by St. Mary's church was called St. Mary's Street. (fn. 12) The part from East Gate to Magdalen Bridge was called East Bridge Street (mid 17th cent.); Bridge Street (18th cent.). (fn. 13)
Kybald Street (20th cent.): Kybald Street c. 1212. (fn. 14) Most of the street was closed in the later Middle Ages; the remnant was Grove Place in 1850. The part of the street between Logic Lane and the east end of Merton Street was called Harehall Lane or Nightingale Hall Lane at the time of its closure in 1447. (fn. 15)
Littlegate Street (by 1876): (fn. 16) South Street (1751); not distinguished from St. Ebbe's Street in 1772 or 1850.
Logic Lane (mid 17th cent.): 'Jaudewyne's lane' or Horseman Lane (1247, 1447); (fn. 17) Horsemill Lane (1298). (fn. 18) The mid-17th-century name may have applied only to the southern end, but by 1751 the whole lane was so called.
Market Street (by 1850): St. Mildred's Street (1180); Oldherde Street (c. 1261); (fn. 19) Chain or Cheyney Lane (c. 1330, 17th cent.); Jesus College Lane (early 17th cent.). The market was built in 1772.
Merton Street (by 1772): St. John's Street (c. 1200); John's Lane (1447); St. John the Baptist Street (mid 17th cent.). The western end, running north and south, was King Street (early 18th cent., 1776, and 1850); Coach and Horses Lane (1772). The whole street was King Street in 1751.
New Inn Hall Street (by 1850): North Bailey (1379); (fn. 20) Seven Deadly Sins Lane (1570); New Inn Lane (mid 17th cent.); New Inn Hall Lane (1797).
Queen's Lane (by 1772): western end was Thorald's corner (1231). (fn. 23) North and south section was Edmund Hall Lane (1751).
St. Aldate's (by 1850): earlier divided into two by South Gate, the northern part was Jewry or Great Jewry (c. 1210); Fish Street (1342); South Street (1419). (fn. 24) The southern part was Southbridge Street (c. 1225); (fn. 25) Grandpont (1282, 17th cent.), but Fisher Street (1433); (fn. 26) Bridge Street (1751). The whole street was Fish Street in 1772.
St. Giles's Street (by 1325). (fn. 29)
St. Michael's Street (1900): (fn. 30) Wood Street (1405); Bocardo Lane (1548); not distinguished from New Inn Hall Street in 1751 or 1850.
Shoe Lane (by 1628): Sewy's Lane (c. 1225, (fn. 31) mid 17th cent.).
Speedwell Street (by 1850): Overhee Lane (1190, 1324); (fn. 32) Butterwick Lane (late 14th, early 15th cent.); (fn. 33) Mill Lane or Butterwick Lane (1427); Mill Lane (1639); Preacher Lane (mid 17th cent.).
Tidmarsh Lane (by 1956): Titmouse Lane (1751, 1850), but Titmarsh's Lane (1772). Richard Tidmarsh lived there in the later 17th century. (fn. 34)
LOST STREETS. (fn. 35)
Bedford's Lane (1332 and 1587): Addington's Lane (1367); (fn. 36) ran north from Frewin Court.
Dewy's Lane (1259-60): (fn. 39) a private lane running east between nos. 25 and 26 Cornmarket.
Exeter Lane (mid 17th cent.): earlier Summoner's Lane (see Ship Street). An intra-mural road, continuing from the east end of Ship Street to Smith Gate; closed by extensions to the Bodleian Library in the 17th century. (fn. 40)
Halegod Lane (1517): ran from Queen Street to Shoe Lane and was closed in the 16th century. (fn. 41)
Hamel, The (St. Aldate's) (1364, closed 1434): (fn. 42) by St. Aldate's churchyard.
Jury Lane (c. 1215-25): (fn. 43) Little Jewry (1325); Jury Lane (1376); Civil School Lane (1526). Closed c. 1545 and incorporated in Christ Church.
Kepeharm Lane (1325): Hinksey or Kepeharm Lane (1327). Closed by 1606 when the city was receiving rents for the site. (fn. 44) Ran west from St. Aldate's Street between Queen Street and Pembroke Street.
Schools Street (1275): part seems to have been called Beaufront (1259). (fn. 45) Shortened when the Bodleian Library was extended between 1610 and 1612, and incorporated in Radcliffe Square in 1737.
Shitbarn Lane (c. 1290): ran between Oriel Street and Alfred Street, south of Bear Lane. The western end was closed by 1306, the whole lane before 1397. (fn. 46)