BHO

Statistical material, 1086-1768

Pages 353-361

A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 6. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1959.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

Citation:

Table of contents

STATISTICAL MATERIAL FOR PLOUGHLEY HUNDRED

STATISTICAL MATERIAL FOR THE VILLAGES AND HAMLETS OF PLOUGHLEY HUNDRED 1086–1768

ESTATES AND TENANTS IN 1086 AND 1279

The following table shows the number of Domesday estates and the number of recorded persons working on them in 1086; and the number of manors and lesser estates in 1279 with the numbers of free and unfree tenants attached to them.

DOMESDAY SURVEY 1086 (fn. 1) HUNDRED ROLLS SURVEY 1279 (fn. 2)
No. of estates Villani Bordars Serfs Total no. of tenants No. of manors No. of lesser estates Free tenants Nativi Servi Cottars Total no. of tenants
Ardley 1 8 15 23 1 5 9 14
Bicester 1 28 14 5 47 1 3 14 17
Bignell (fn. 3) 2 7 23 30
Wretchwick 1 (fn. 4) 1 25 7 32
Total 2 28 14 5 47 4 10 62 7 79
Bletchingdon 2 9 7 7 23 2 1 18 20 38
Boycott (Bucks.) (fn. 5) 1 1 1 1 13 6 19
Bucknell 1 6 3 3 12 1 2 2 13 4 19
Saxenton 2 9 4 13 2 9 11
Total 3 15 7 3 25 1 2 4 22 4 30
Charlton 1 1 1 5 26 2 33
Fencott 2 30 8 40
Murcott 1 1
Total 1 15 11 6 32 1 1 8 56 10 74
Chesterton, Great 1 1 3 24 28 55 (fn. 6)
" Little 2 8 10
Total 1 22 10 2 34 1 5 32 28 65
Cottisford 1 10 5 15 1 1 5 15 1 21
Finmere 2 10 5 4 19 1 4 29 33
Fringford 2 18 8 4 30 2 4 19 8 31
Fritwell 2 12 7 3 22 2 11 14 14 5 44
Godington 1 16 2 1 19 1 2 7 21 6 34
Hampton Gay 2 1 1 1 8 2 10
Hampton Poyle 1 7 2 2 11 1 6 15 7 28
Hardwick 1 (fn. 7) 5 2 7 1 2 2 8 10
Hethe 1 8 5 1 14 1 1 1 26 2 29
Heyford, Lower 2 2 1 19 20
Caulcott 1 6 33 39
Total 2 11 12 5 28 2 1 7 33 19 59
Heyford, Upper 1 10 1 3 14 1 31 (fn. 8) 7 38
Islip 1 10 5 2 17 1 6 34 40
Kirtlington 4 42 25 4 71 1 4 36 40 2 78
Northbrook 1 2 1 3 1 6 9 1 16
Total 5 44 25 5 74 2 4 42 49 3 94
DOMESDAY SURVEY 1086 (fn. 9) HUNDRED ROLLS SURVEY 1279 (fn. 10)
No. of estates Villani Bordars Serfs Total no. of tenants No. of manors No. of lesser estates Free tenants Nativi Servi Cottars Total no. of tenants
Launton 1 1 64 64
Lillingstone Lovell (Bucks.) (fn. 11) 2 8 2 1 11 3 16 10 15 41
Middleton Stoney 1 25 7 5 37 1 18 (fn. 12) 27 45
Mixbury 1 18 11 1 30 1 37 11 48
Fulwell 1 3 2 1 6 1 7 7
Willaston 1 18 1 19
Total 2 21 13 2 36 3 55 19 74
Newton Purcell 1 7 9 6 22
Noke 2 (fn. 13) 3 6 2 11 2 8 15 6 29
Oddington 1 10 4 2 16 2 2 1 13 14
Shelswell 1 7 7 2 16 1 3 7 10
Somerton 3 17 9 2 28 2 15 28 43
Northbrook 2 9 5 14 2
Total 5 26 14 2 42 2 2 15 28 43
Souldern 1 7 25 32
Stoke Lyne 1 (fn. 14) 34 9 2 45 2 6 14 13 2 35
Bainton 1 1 2 3 1 5 11 16
Fewcot 4 4 6 10
Total 2 35 11 2 48 3 4 15 25 19 2 61
Stratton Audley 1 8 2 1 11 2 1 6 44 8 58
Tusmore 1 (fn. 14) 2 3 1 10 9 20
Wendlebury 1 4 5 3 12 2 2 9 13 22
Weston 1 17 11 5 33 1 5 35 10 50
Total 54 424 225 80 729 55 29 264 820 103 188 1,375

Holders of burgagii are recorded only at Middleton Stoney, and the men known to have been 'living on the market' at Bicester were not recorded. (fn. 15) The villein tenants included nativi, servi, cottagarii, cottarii, and coterelli. Generally speaking nativi and servi appear to be alternative words for the class of villeins who held a virgate or half-virgate. At Stoke Lyne, for instance, where there were two manors, the virgaters were listed as nativi on one and as servi on the other, and their recorded services were the same in each case. (fn. 16) The other three classes of tenants have all been tabulated as cottars. Though there may have been some differences in status, the survey makes no clear distinction between them. At Wretchwick the list of those holding either cotlands or cottages is headed coterelli: the cotlander owes services and a higher rent than the cottager, who has no recorded services. (fn. 17) At Stoke those described as cottagarii are distinguished from the holders of cotlands, who mostly owed the same services as the half-virgaters, but paid 6s. rent instead of 5s. At Heyford the nativi all held cotlands. (fn. 18) In other places where tenants of cotlands are listed with the nativi or servi it appears to be merely a case of the lack of precision which often characterizes the survey. (fn. 19) Lillingstone Lovell and a few other villages had free cottars. (fn. 20)

The survey of 1279 for this hundred gives a very detailed tenurial picture compared with that of many other hundreds, but evidence from other sources shows that in at least some cases it is unreliable. (fn. 21) It contains also a number of scribal errors, such as omissions and duplications of names, which make any accurate reconstruction of the system of tenure difficult. (fn. 22)

As a basis for the assessment of population in 1086 or 1279 the preceding figures are unsatisfactory. The difficulties with regard to the interpretation of the Domesday figures are well known and there is no reason to suppose that they were any more accurate than those of 1279. Both surveys recorded only a few of the existing priests, and even if it is assumed that most tenants were heads of families, the size of the average family can only be conjectured and there is no clue to the number of household servants, which other medieval sources indicate to have been generally numerous. Moreover, in the preceding table a few free tenants are duplicated, as they held more than one holding, either in the same or in different parishes, and there are a few villeins who also held cottages and have therefore been reckoned twice over in the list of tenants. (fn. 23)

HONORS AND KNIGHTS' FEES (MID-13th CENTURY)

Honor and overlord Manors Fees Mesne lords Tenants
WALLING FORD Bicester Longespée
Wretchwick 2 Longespée Audley
Earl of Conwall Stratton Audley Audley
Chesterton 2 De Chesterton
Lower Heyford 1 De La Mare
Upper Heyford 1 Redvers
D'OILLY Bletchingdon 1 Damory
Earl of Warwick Bucknell and part of Tusmore 1 Damory Damory
Pateshull
Fulwell 1 Damory Oseney Abbey
Hardwick 1 Fitz Wyth Aundeley
Kirtlington ½ Dives
De La Grave
Tusmore ½ Fitz Wyth Aundeley
Weston-on-the-Green 2 ? Damory Oseney Abbey
ARSIC Fringford Grey
Gardiner
Fritwell Grey
Newton Purcell Sergeanty Grey Purcel
Somerton Grey
Gardiner
CHESTER Earl of Arundel Ardley with Northbrook in Somerton 1 Earl of Warwick Fitz Wyth
RICHARD'S CASTLE Mortimer Souldern De Arderne
GIFFARD Stoke Lyne with lands in Tusmore 1 Earl of Oxford De Lisle
½ De Cokefield
HONOR OF GLOUCESTER Finmere 1 De Turri—De Broke
Hampton Gay with Otley in Oddington ½ Champernoun De Gay—Oseney
Thame Abbey
Hethe ½ De Verdun
Lower Heyford Champernoun Henred
Newton Purcel Shelswell 1 Purcel
De Weston
De Newton
HONOR Of ST. VALERY Hampton Gay ½ De Gay—Oseney Abbey
Mixbury Oseney Abbey
Newton Purcell ½ Purcel
Willaston ½ (demesne manor)
ISLIP LIBERTY Islip with Fencott and Murcott
Launton
Northbrook in Kirtlington ¼ De Gay
Noke ½ De Williamscote
Oddington ½ Le Poure
DEVON AND THE ISLE Fritwell Foliot
Noke ½ Foliot
HONOR OF WARENNE Stratton Audley ¼ Gargate—Bicester Priory
STAFFORD De Stafford Bletchingdon ½ (Mortain) Grenvile Prescote
MANDIVILLE Earl of Hereford Wendlebury 2 De Oseville St. Fey
Fitz Aumary
ANCIENT DEMESNE Kirtlington Bignell ½ Tenants in chief Basset
Le Bret—De Langley
LESSER TENANTS IN CHIEF Godington Longespée Camville
Middleton Stoney Longespée
Bainton De Hampden Carbonel
Cottisford free alms Abbey of Bec Priory of Ogbourne
Charlton free alms Abbey of St. Evroul—Priory of Ware Le Poure
Hampton Poyle 1 De Hampton—De la Poyle
Bletchingdon Sergeanty Grenevile—Prescote
'Saxinton' Boffin De Blakeville

VILLAGE TAX ASSESSMENTS AND NUMBERS OF CONTRIBUTORS 1306–1523

1306 (fn. 26) a 30th 1316 (fn. 27) a 16th 1327 (fn. 28) a 20th 1377 (fn. 29) Poll Tax 1415 (fn. 30) a 15th 1523 Lay Subsidy
1st Payment (fn. 31) 2nd Payment (fn. 32)
£ s. d. Contributors £ s. d. Contributors £ s. d. Contributors Contributors £ s. d. £ s. d. Contributors £ s. d. Contributors
Ardley. 1 19 10½ 25 7 1 2 53 (fn. 33) 2 0 8 20 2 12 5 8 8 10 6 6 7
Bicester, Market End 1 15 21 9 1 7 122 7 6 10 106 140 10 19 10 9 15 11 84 8 3 4 53
King's End 4 18 10 35 3 18 5 28 73 5 5 2 1 0 10 21 18 0 15
Bignell 1 2 23 (fn. 24) 2 0 11 11 1 13 5 9 19 2 3 11 3 0 8 3 3 0 4 2
Wretchwick (10 9½) 5 (fn. 24)
Total (3 8 4¾) 49 (fn. 24) 16 1 4 168 12 18 5 144 232 18 8 11 13 17 5 108 12 1 8 70
Bletchingdon 2 14 10 13 (fn. 24) 3 9 1 35 4 4 10 26 100 6 7 8 (fn. 34) 9 4 6 37 8 11 2 40
Boycott (Bucks.) (fn. 35) 12 10¾ 11 1 6 4 13 3 12 5 35 24 1 12 4
Bucknell and Saxenton 2 5 8 27 3 0 3 26 3 10 7 37 92 5 0 6 4 1 8 15 3 17 10 12
Charlton 3 19 31 4 13 1 28 4 10 8 25 6 10 7 10 6 17 10 10 14
Fencott 2 0 11 17 1 15 9 16 2 3 4 16 40 5 7 2 11 8 11 10 10 12
Murcott (1 1 5¾) 8 (fn. 24) 1 15 10 15 2 11 4 17 11 2 15 10 0 13
Total (7 1 11) 56 (fn. 24) 8 4 8 59 9 5 4 58 11 17 9 1 13 4 43 1 10 10 39
Chesterton, Great 1 10 11½ 11 (fn. 24)
Little (1 5 10¼) 17 (fn. 24)
Total (2 16 9¾) 28 (fn. 24) 6 10 5 44 5 10 6 45 79 6 6 2 9 5 6 22 9 3 0 20
Cottisford 1 10 15 2 0 5 16 1 5 2 15 27 1 16 0 7 5 8 10 6 0 8 4
Finmere (16 0½) 12 (fn. 24) 3 17 6 29 4 4 7 32 5 3 0 15 4 21 15 8 21
Fringford (15 0¼) 13 (fn. 24) 3 15 7 31 2 10 0 22 3 5 4 1 9 4 25 1 10 2 25
Fritwell 2 14 6½ 22 (fn. 24) 6 2 5 34 3 10 10 32 60 5 6 6 5 3 2 17 4 0 6 21
Godington 1 19 5 19 2 8 4 16 2 1 5 23 43 2 17 4 1 14 10 8 1 16 2 10
Hampton Gay 1 1 9 1 0 9 12 19 10 12 6 7 8 4 6 0 7 4 3 8 6
Hampton Poyle 1 8 22 2 12 0 25 2 13 6 25 67 5 2 8 2 17 8 13 2 15 8 13
Hardwick 18 10 (fn. 24) 7 1 2 53 2 0 8 17 37 2 9 10 1 13 4 7 1 13 4 7
Hethe 2 18 6 29 2 7 0 16 3 6 0 9 2 11 9 8 13
Heyford, Lower 1 9 9¼ 19 (fn. 24) 2 0 9 13 1 12 8 20
Caulcott (11 8½) 14 (fn. 24) 3 16 9 28 2 13 7 28
Total (2 1 5¾) 33 (fn. 24) 5 17 6 4 4 6 3 48 84 5 13 4 3 5 6 23 2 17 8 17
Heyford, Upper 1 16 10 28 4 10 10 38 3 0 4 34 56 (fn. 38) 4 15 4 1 8 4 25 1 6 10 23
Islip 4 6 10¼ 26 (fn. 24) 5 8 6 39 4 14 2 44 6 2 8 6 2 10 49 5 18 6 41
Kirtlington 41 (fn. 24) 5 8 9 36 4 8 8 31 5 18 8
Northbrook (9 8) 11 (1 4 9) 12 1 6 1 13 1 4 2
Total 3 18 0 52 (fn. 24) (6 13 6) 48 5 14 9 44 7 2 10 9 7 10 53 7 17 0 57
Launton 3 18 8¾ 24 (fn. 24) 5 5 1 49 4 17 0 54 6 2 1 2 18 8 34 3 0 10 33
Lillingstone Lovell (Bucks.) (fn. 35) (18 1½) 21 (fn. 24) 2 9 4 21 3 12 5 35 3 13 5 7 16 0 24 8 0 2 25
Middleton Stoney 2 6 10¼ 29 2 6 4 31 2 10 6 35 4 15 8 15 4 11 1 2 4 25
Mixbury and Fulwell 3 17 5¾ 32 (fn. 24) 3 9 6 27 2 0 9 24 80 1 13 8
Willaston 1 0 0½ 16 (fn. 24) 1 10 3 13 1 1 0 10 32 15 0
Total 4 17 6¼ 47 (fn. 24) 4 19 9 40 3 1 9 34 112 2 8 8 2 6 0 27 2 5 0 25
Newton Purcell 17 11¼ 12 1 2 4 9 1 1 6 11 1 14 10 6 10 7 8 2 7
Noke 2 11 22 3 2 5 22 3 3 6 29 43 1 19 9 (fn. 37) 17 0 18 12 0 15
Oddington (1 11 1½) 22 (fn. 24) 3 2 8 26 2 15 0 32 72 3 10 0 17 10 17 18 2 20
Shelswell 12 10 1 6 0 14 1 2 8 11 10 1 9 8 2 4 10 6 1 17 4 6
Somerton (1 8 11¼) 31 (fn. 24) 6 3 0 53 3 17 0 29 108 5 12 0 13 15 8 36 13 5 8 39
Souldem (1 14 3½) 22 (fn. 24) 4 7 0 34 3 7 6 31 92 5 2 7 3 3 0 26 3 4 4 26
Stoke Lyne 1 18 3 12 3 11 5 30 1 15 5 23 3 16 1 13 0 9 15 4 8
Bainton 1 5 10½ 18 2 10 3 18 4 1 10 (fn. 39) 31 2 15 9 1 16 0 6 1 12 8 5
Fewcot 5 5 13 11 8 1 0 6 11 2 3 10 8 3
Total 4 5 35 6 15 7 56 5 17 3 (fn. 39) 54 69 7 12 4 3 0 2 18 2 18 8 16
Stratton Audley 3 1 7½ 45 (fn. 24) 144 2 11 9 33 2 10 10 35
Tusmore (5 0½) 5 (fn. 24) 7 1 2 53 (fn. 33) 12 8 7 1 1 6
Wendlebury 4 8 9 24 3 12 4 23 59 5 2 8 1 0 10 18 19 4 17
Weston-on-the Green (1 11 0¾) 15 (fn. 24) 5 3 0 36 3 17 6 37 3 10 10 1 18 6 34 1 15 10 25

CLERICAL AND SECULAR RETURNS FROM 1662 TO 1811

In the following table the first column shows the total number of householders (including those exempted) returned for each village and hamlet in Ploughley hundred in accordance with the Act of 1662 for establishing an additional revenue. (fn. 40) These returns are the fullest of any made for the Oxfordshire hearth taxes. In spite of intervening attempts to tighten up the administration, the figures returned in 1665 show a decline of from 30 to 50 per cent. (fn. 41) The second column gives the number of conformists, papists, and non-conformists of sixteen years and over returned by the incumbents in 1676 in response to Archbishop Compton's request. (fn. 42) The third and fourth columns contain the clerical answers made in 1738 and 1768 to the bishop's question 'What number of houses doth it [i.e. the parish] comprehend?' The numbers of houses and families recorded in the official census of 1811 are listed in the fifth and sixth columns.

HEARTH (fn. 43) TAX 1662 COMPTON (fn. 44) CENSUS 1676 DIOCESAN RETURNS (fn. 45) CENSUS RETURNS 1811
1738 1768
Householders Adults Houses Inhabitants Houses Inhabitants Inhabited houses Families
Ardley 11 51 19 (fn. 46) c. 20 28 30
Bicester, Market End 112 305 377 438
King's End 12 47 60
Wretchwick 5
Total 124 844 c. 400 (fn. 46) 400–500 (fn. 47) 424 498
Bletchingdon 31 160 c. 60 (fn. 48) 42 (fn. 49) 109 116
Boycott (Bucks.) (fn. 50) 6 5 5
Bucknell 23 78 28 18 (fn. 51) 43 45
Charlton 24 61 75
Fencott 29 57 59
Murcott
Total 53 228 95 450 c. 80 118 134
Chesterton, Great 32
Little 11
Total 28 82 43 c. 50 73 85
Cottisford 9 46 13 c. 18 99 32 33
Finmere 28 81 34 c. 40 219 54 72
Fringford 35 105 34 42 223 52 57
Fritwell 40 252 66 c. 66 85 85
Godington 9 65 16 c. 13 (fn. 52) 85 85
Hampton Gay 10 28 13 17
Hampton Poyle 17 63 c. 21 22 24
Hardwick 2 23 5 11 (fn. 47) 14 (fn. 53) 16 (fn. 53)
Hethe 25 203 c. 49 c. 25 (fn. 47) 200 67 59
Heyford, Lower 41
Caulcott 12
Total 39 148 53 240 70 (fn. 54) 360 (fn. 54) 71 71
Heyford, Upper 20 78 32 c. 30 55 56
Islip 65 207 c. 100 (fn. 46) c. 140 137 139
HEARTH (fn. 55) TAX 1662 COMPTON (fn. 56) CENSUS 1676 DIOCESAN RETURNS (fn. 57) CENSUS RETURNS 1811
1738 1768
Householders Adults Houses Inhabitants Houses Inhabitants Inhabited houses Families
Kirtlington 92 c. 90 (fn. 58)
Northbrook 7
Total 65 285 99 c. 90 115 131
Launton 46 151 70 66 86
Lillingstone Lovell (Bucks.) (fn. 59) 27 64 c. 22 32 (fn. 60) 31 31
Middleton Stoney 28 90 c. 40 40–50 (fn. 60) 70 73
Mixbury 40 c. 60
Fulwell 2
Willaston 2
Total 34 106 44 c. 61 74 73
Newton Purcell 17 60 12 22 (fn. 61) 24 24
Noke 25 43 c. 20 c. 30 31 31
Oddington 16 105 .25 30 (fn. 62) 34 34
Shelswell 2 21 4 3 (fn. 61) 7 7
Somerton 26 242 c. 40 c. 40 55 55
Souldern 25 130 c. 50 60 93 96
Stoke Lyne 20 166 37 40 (fn. 60) 71 77
Bainton
Fewcot
Stratton Audley 41 126 50–60 60 63
Tusmore 1 (fn. 63) (fn. 63)
Weston-on-the-Green 51 125 50 50 82 85
Total 1,024 4,557 (fn. 64) (fn. 64) 2,273 2,473

In cases where there is other contemporary evidence for assessing the number of families in a village, it has been found that the Oxfordshire hearth-tax figures give far fewer. (fn. 65) This is not surprising as the tax is known to have been very unpopular, to have been 'much obstructed for want of true and just accounts' from the occupiers of houses, and by the 'negligence' of the constables. (fn. 66)

The accuracy of the clerical returns was likely to vary in proportion to the degree of conscientiousness possessed by the various incumbents. In the 18th-century returns the frequency of the appearance of round numbers and the use of terms such as 'about' or 'upwards of' certainly suggests that the returns were only approximately accurate.

Footnotes

  • 1. V.C.H. Oxon. i. 400–28.
  • 2. Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 822–38.
  • 3. Probably included in Kirtlington.
  • 4. Included in Bicester.
  • 5. See above, p. 3.
  • 6. Represents probable minimum; see above, p. 96.
  • 7. By 1279 Tusmore included 2½ hides of Hardwick.
  • 8. Seven of the 31 also held cottages and are listed twice.
  • 9. V.C.H. Oxon. i. 400–28.
  • 10. Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 822–38.
  • 11. See above, p. 3.
  • 12. Fourteen held burgagii.
  • 13. The Westminster estate of Noke is not recorded.
  • 14. Three virgates in Stoke Lyne formed half of the Tusmore estate.
  • 15. See above, p. 25.
  • 16. Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 825.
  • 17. Ibid. 828.
  • 18. Ibid. 825, 826.
  • 19. Holders of a few acres only or of messuages are often classed as cottars, e.g. at Stratton: ibid. 828.
  • 20. Ibid. 826, 834, 835.
  • 21. See above, pp. 149, 213.
  • 22. e.g. Hethe: Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 837; Hampton Gay: ibid. 836; Tusmore: ibid. 825. For total numbers cf. E. A. Kosminsky, Studies in the Agrarian Hist. of England in the 13th Century, 205.
  • 23. e.g. Kirtlington: Rot. Hund. (Rec. Com.), ii. 822–3.
  • 24. Mutilated: number of names incomplete incomplete Italics. Rubric missing, village identified by the names of contributors.
  • 25. Mutilated. The total given is the sum of the surviving payments.
  • 26. E 179/161/10.
  • 27. E 179/161/8.
  • 28. E 179/161/9. For these Edwardian taxes, see J. F. Willard, E.H.R. xviii. 517–21; xxix. 317–21; xxx. 69–74.
  • 29. E 179/161/39; E 179/161/40. The receipts for the hundred are incomplete: some are missing and others are illegible or partly destroyed. No lists of contributors have survived.
  • 30. E 164/7: an example of the assessments fixed in 1334. Cf. E 179/161/17.
  • 31. E 179/161/204. Cf. E 179/161/198.
  • 32. E 179/161/176. See V.C.H. Oxon. v. 319.
  • 33. Total for Ardley, Hardwick, and Tusmore.
  • 34. Total for Bletchingdon and Hampton Gay.
  • 35. See above, p. 3.
  • 36. Total for Lillingstone Lovell and Boycott.
  • 37. Includes the 'non geldable' half of Noke (i.e. Westminster's manor).
  • 38. The name of the village on the receipt is partly illegible, but 'constable de — ford et John Heyford' can be read.
  • 39. Part of Tusmore included with Bainton and Fewcot.
  • 40. Statutes of the Realm, v. 390–3.
  • 41. Ibid. 493–5. For a comparative table of figures for 1662 and 1665 see Hearth Tax Oxon. 235.
  • 42. For a discussion about the use of the Census for estimating population see D. V. Glass, 'Greg. King's Estimates of the Pop. of Engl, and Wales,' Pop. Studies, iii (4), 338–74.
  • 43. E 179/255/4 (constables' returns). Cf. Hearth Tax Oxon. 235.
  • 44. Compton Census.
  • 45. Oxf. Dioc. d 552–4, d 558–60.
  • 46. Number of families.
  • 47. Oxf. Dioc. d 561–3: 1771 return as no figure given in 1768.
  • 48. Some of which were stated to be empty.
  • 49. Cf. 60 houses returned in 1771: Oxf. Dioc. d 561.
  • 50. See above, p. 3.
  • 51. Cf. 35 houses given in 1771: Oxf. Dioc. d 561.
  • 52. Inf. given in return for Middleton Stoney.
  • 53. Hardwick and Tusmore are combined.
  • 54. Oxf. Dioc. d 564: 1774 return as no figure given in 1768.
  • 55. E 179/255/4 (constables' returns). Cf. Hearth Tax Oxon. 235.
  • 56. Compton Census.
  • 57. Oxf. Dioc. d 552–4, d 558–60.
  • 58. Oxf. Dioc. d 561–3: 1771 return as no figure given in 1768.
  • 59. See above, p. 3.
  • 60. Oxf. Dioc. d 555–7: 1759 return as no figure given in 1768.
  • 61. Number of families.
  • 62. Number of houses and families.
  • 63. Hardwick and Tusmore are combined.
  • 64. No total given as parish returns are incomplete.
  • 65. See above, pp. 34, 113, and Hearth Tax Oxon. pp. xvii, 256–9.
  • 66. Statutes of the Realm, v. 493–5.