A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 6, the Borough and Liberties of Beverley. Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1989.
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The gazetteer covers the area of the former borough and includes all streets which existed by 1853. (fn. 1) Several small bridges are also included. Streets are listed under their present-day names or their last known names. Unidentified names may in some cases have belonged to streets with other entries in the gazetteer. For unidentified or lost streets the earliest and latest, sometimes the only, occurrences are given. Several streets included in previous lists (fn. 2) or texts have for various reasons been omitted. (fn. 3) Many of the names evidently derive from the surnames of inhabitants, some from occupations or functions. Explanations are suggested below, where possible, only for the more unusual names.
Albert Terrace was formerly known as Slutwell Lane and was recorded by that name from 1773; it was presumably Slutt Lane, mentioned in 1712. (fn. 4) The name was changed to Albert Terrace in 1896. (fn. 5)
Asger Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1329 and lay outside North bar, on the east side of the road to Molescroft. (fn. 8)
Augry Lane lay on the north side of St. Mary's churchyard and was mentioned, as Aunger Lane, in 1445-6; it was called Augry Lane in 151920 (fn. 9) but was later lost. It may have been so called from the Awger family. (fn. 10)
Bakhouse Lane (unidentified) was formerly called Bolex or Bullax Lane and as such was mentioned in 1326 and 1457; it ran from Ladygate to Walkergate (fn. 11) and may have been so called from the Bullock family. (fn. 12) As Bakhouse Lane it was recorded from 1345 (fn. 13) to 1545-6. (fn. 14)
Barker Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1409, when it led from Lairgate towards the Franciscan friary. (fn. 15)
Beckside. The term Beckside was often used from the Middle Ages in a descriptive sense and as a ward name. The street on the south side of the beck was, however, formerly known as Barleyholme (fn. 18) and was mentioned by that name in 1274. (fn. 19) In 1747 part was still called Barleyholme, but from the Hull road eastwards the roadway beside the beck was known as Beck Side. (fn. 20) By the early 19th century the name Barleyholme had been entirely replaced by Beckside. (fn. 21)
Belman Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1460-1 and 1539-40. (fn. 24)
Blucher Lane was presumably the lane leading from Person bridge to St. Nicholas's church, mentioned in 1417, (fn. 27) and it certainly existed by 1747. (fn. 28) It may have been Raw Lane, mentioned in 1700, (fn. 29) and it was called Blucher Lane by 1853, (fn. 30) presumably from the Prussian general.
Bredrow (unidentified) was mentioned in 1445— 6 and 1502-3, (fn. 31) but was perhaps the same as Bakers' Row, recorded in 1329, (fn. 32) and Baker Lane, which in 1416-17 was evidently in the neighbourhood of Ladygate and Saturday Market. (fn. 33) In 1712 Bredrow was the row of houses between Ladygate and Sow Hill. (fn. 34)
Brennand or Brinnand Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in the late 13th century and lay off Flemingate. (fn. 35)
Burton Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1570-1. (fn. 36)
Butcher Row was included in that part of the 'high street' (q.v.) where the fish market was held and which was known as Fishmarketgate by the end of the 13th century. (fn. 37) By the 18th century it was known alternatively as Butcher Row or Wednesday Market, (fn. 38) and by the 19th century usually as Butcher Row. (fn. 39) See also North Bar Within.
Butt Lane was mentioned from 1622. (fn. 40)
Butter Ding Flags was formerly known as Bishop Dings and was mentioned in 1282. (fn. 41) By 1344-5 it was called the Dings (fn. 42) and by 1799 Butter Dings. (fn. 43) In 1986 it was known as Butter Ding Flags. (fn. 44)
Cartwright Lane was probably the former Cokewaldgate, mentioned by that name in 1332, (fn. 45) perhaps from 'cuckold'. It was called Cokwald Street in 1434. (fn. 46) By 1747 it was Keldgate Lane, (fn. 47) by 1890 Keldgate Road, and by 1926 Cartwright Lane. (fn. 48) See also Wilbert Lane.
The Causeway. The road leading north from Morton Lane to Mill Lane was known as Causeway Lane from 1747 (fn. 49) but by 1853 was called Middle Lane. (fn. 50) Part of it retains the latter name and the rest was known as the Causeway from 1937. (fn. 51)
Champney Road. The part from Cross Street to Lairgate was formerly part of Fishmarket Moorgate, later Well Lane (q.v.). The rest, from Lairgate to the Leases, was perhaps Gilegate, recorded in 1202, (fn. 52) the lane next to St. Giles's hospital, mentioned in 1437-8, Gely Lane, named in 1445-6, St. Giles Lane, mentioned in 1449-50, and St. Giles Croft Lane or Turnpike Lane, recorded in 1564-5. (fn. 53) The name Turnpike Lane was also mentioned in 1541-2 and 1545-6. (fn. 54) By 1828 this part was called Captain Lane. (fn. 55) Both parts were renamed Champney Road in 1927. (fn. 56)
Chantry Lane. Much of it was part of Friars Lane (q.v.) until the 19th century but was called Chantry Lane by 1890-1. It was extended to Flemingate by a new street made in 1926. (fn. 57)
Cherry Tree Lane was mentioned from 1747. (fn. 58)
Clapgate (unidentified) was mentioned in 1356 and 1439 and lay on the south side of Frarygate. (fn. 59)
Cock Pit Hill was mentioned as part of Wednesday Market from 1648 and was also known as Old Waste. (fn. 60)
Colstane Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1444. (fn. 61)
Coponkeld Lane was mentioned, as Colmankeld Lane, in 1502-3, (fn. 62) presumbly from the spring of the Colman family. (fn. 63) It was stopped up in 1879 and replaced by a footpath called Copen Keld, which was in turn stopped up in 1924. (fn. 64)
Corn Hill was mentioned from 1663. (fn. 65)
Crock Hill was part of Saturday Market and was mentioned in 1663 and 1750. (fn. 66)
Cross bridge was mentioned from 1311. (fn. 67) It carried Toll Gavel across Walker beck.
Cross Street was made c. 1827 (fn. 68) and known at first as Register Street, (fn. 69) but by 1830 it was called Cross Street. (fn. 70) Like Cross bridge and Cross garths it was named from the medieval cross nearby.
It was stopped up by 1853. (fn. 73)
Dog and Duck Lane was formerly called Byrdal Lane, recorded in 1409, and was later known as Briddal Midding Lane (1433-4), presumably from a midden, Burdal Lane (1460-1), Birdall Midding Lane (1502-3), (fn. 74) Burdat Midding Lane (1681), (fn. 75) Burdett Midding Lane (1724), (fn. 76) and Burdet Lane (1747). (fn. 77) By 1799 it was known as Dog and Duck Lane, (fn. 78) from a public house. Duncum Street, see Spencer Street.
Dyer Lane was formerly known as Bowbridge Lane (fn. 79) and was mentioned by that name in the mid 13th century; (fn. 80) the bridge was presumably across Walker beck. By 1747 it was called Dyer Lane. (fn. 81)
Eastgate was mentioned from the 13th century. (fn. 82)
Fangfoss Lane (unidentified) existed in the 13th century and was described in 1340 as anciently called Fangfoss Lane; it lay on the south side of Keldgate. (fn. 83)
Ferrour Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1381 and 1440 and lay on the east side of Eastgate. (fn. 84)
Figham Road was formerly part of Hull Road and was given the name Figham Road in 1957. (fn. 85)
Flynton Lane (unidentified) was mentioned as Fynton Lane in 1423-4 and Flynton Lane in 1449-50. (fn. 88)
Fre Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 14501 and lay near Neddir Lane. (fn. 89)
Friars Lane may have been the street called Frarygate, mentioned from 1312 or earlier, (fn. 90) and Friar Lane, recorded from 1407-8, (fn. 91) although the latter may in some cases have been the street of the same name near Westwood. It was called Blakefreer Lane in 1444 (fn. 92) and Friar Lane in 1643. (fn. 93) The whole street from Eastgate to Grovehill Lane was still known as Friar Lane in 1853 but by 1890-1 was called Chantry Lane. (fn. 94) The name Friars Lane was restored for the part from Eastgate to the railway line in 1928. (fn. 95)
Glover Row (unidentified) was mentioned in the 14th century and was probably in Saturday Market. (fn. 96)
Gode Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1329. (fn. 97)
Godemyre Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1519-20. (fn. 98)
Godric Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in the late 13th century and lay near the toft of John Godric. (fn. 99)
Gogemer Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1408 and lay near the beck. (fn. 100)
Gras Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1329 and was probably the lane of James le Cras, which in the late 13th century lay on the north side of Flemingate. (fn. 103)
Grayburn Lane was formerly known as Catfoss Lane, mentioned from 1311, (fn. 104) and Shepherd or Shephard's Lane by 1674. (fn. 105) By 1747 it was called Grayburn Lane. (fn. 106) All were probably family names.
Grene Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1502-3. (fn. 107)
Greystok Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1545-6, as Grastoke Lane, and 1556-7. (fn. 108)
Grovehill Road was probably formerly known as Pottergate, mentioned in 1347, (fn. 109) and Potter Lane, recorded from 1407-8. (fn. 110) The part nearest to the hamlet of Grovehill was flanked by wide verges until modern times and it may have been the Groval green, recorded from 1391. (fn. 111) The name Grovel Lane was in use by the 17th century. (fn. 112) In 1747 the part nearest to Beverley was still called Potter Lane, that from Trinity Lane to Cherry Tree Lane was called Grovel Lane, that from Cherry Tree Lane to Swinemoor Lane was called Great Grovel Lane, and that nearest to the hamlet was called simply Grovehill. (fn. 113) By 1853 Potter Lane was part of Trinity Lane and the rest of the road was called Grovehill Lane. By 1890 the part of Grovehill Lane from Swinemoor Lane to the hamlet and by 1908 the whole of it was known as Grovehill Road. (fn. 114)
Harrald Lane (unidentified) was mentioned as Harald Lane in 1369, (fn. 115) as Herald Lane in 14056, (fn. 116) and as Harrold Lane in 1531-2, when it was said to be near the 'high street'. (fn. 117) It was perhaps so called from the Harold family. (fn. 118)
Hellgarth Lane may have been the lane in Hell Garths mentioned in 1556-7. (fn. 119) It certainly existed in 1747 (fn. 120) and was named by 1828. (fn. 121) It was stopped up in 1924, (fn. 122) but part of St. Nicholas Road follows the line of the eastern end of it.
Hengate was mentioned from the mid 13th century. (fn. 123)
'high street' (aha via, altus vicus). The main road of the town from North bar to the minster was so called in the earlier Middle Ages. (fn. 129) Parts of it are now called North Bar Within, Saturday Market, Toll Gavel, Butcher Row, Wednesday Market, and Highgate (qq.v.).
Highgate was one of the components of the 'high street' (q.v.), (fn. 130) and at least the northern end of it was included in the part of the 'high street' where the fish market was held and which was known as Fishmarketgate by the end of the 13th century. (fn. 131) It was mentioned, as Hegate, c. 1417, (fn. 132) as Hethgate, in 1476, (fn. 133) and, as Hyegate, in 1538-9. (fn. 134) By 1655 and until the early 19th century it was also known as Londoners' Street, (fn. 135) from the merchants who attended the Cross fair. See also North Bar Within.
Holgate (unidentified) was mentioned in 1342 and 1409, and lay north of Frarygate. (fn. 136)
Holme Church Lane was probably the lane leading from the fullers' bridge towards St. Nicholas's church mentioned in the mid 13th century (fn. 137) and was first named, as Holmekyrk Lane, in 1360. (fn. 138) In 1747 it was called Little Grovel Lane (fn. 139) and in the early 19th century sometimes Grovel Lane. (fn. 140) By 1853 it was known as Grovehill Low Lane and by 1890-1 as Holme Church Lane. (fn. 141)
Hull Road. The road from Beckside to Lund Gate was in the Middle Ages called Aldgate or Oldgate. (fn. 144) It was mentioned in 1279 (fn. 145) but 'Aldgate' had already appeared in a personal name in 1266. (fn. 146) It was later described as the road to Hull and by the 19th century it was part of Hull Road. (fn. 147) A new straight road was made across two bends c. 1930 (fn. 148) and the bypassed part of the old road was later named Figham Road (q.v.).
Hundgate (unidentified) was mentioned in 1430. (fn. 149)
Kitchen Lane may have been Bradwell or Braithwell Gate or Lane, recorded from the 13th century (fn. 156) to 1635, (fn. 157) which presumably led to ground called Braithwell, in the archbishop's park. (fn. 158) It was mentioned as Kitchen Lane from 1628 (fn. 159) and was probably so called from the family of that name. (fn. 160)
Kylke Lane (unidentified). Two lanes of that name were mentioned in 1557-8. (fn. 161)
Lairgate was mentioned, as Lathegate, in the mid 13th century (fn. 165) and was usually called Largate by 1552. (fn. 166) It was probably so called from a barn or barns there. In the late 18th and early 19th century it was sometimes known as Back Street. (fn. 167) The part from Well Lane to Keldgate may have been the Maison Dieu Lane mentioned in 1557-8 (fn. 168) and it was called Ratten Row in the 18th century. (fn. 169)
Landress Lane may have been Godchep Lane, mentioned from 1329, which ran from the 'high street' to Lairgate (fn. 170) and was presumably so called from the family of that name. (fn. 171) It was called Laundis Lane in 1633, (fn. 172) Landress Lane in 1737, (fn. 173) and Laundress Lane in 1790, (fn. 174) probably also from a family. (fn. 175) In the early 19th century it was also known as Horn's Lane, from a public house. (fn. 176)
The Leases may follow the line of Chaunge Lane, recorded in 1369, (fn. 177) later Coyner Lane, mentioned from 1557-8. (fn. 178) There was still a roadway running from Keldgate to Slutwell Lane in 1747, (fn. 179) but later in the 18th century Coyners Lane and part of the town ditch were leased by the Pennyman family (fn. 180) and incorporated in the grounds of the Hall, Lairgate. The Leases was made c. 1930, (fn. 181) presumably so called from Keldgate Leys which had lain to the west of it.
Low bridge crossed Beverley beck and, as Person or Parson bridge, was mentioned from the late 13th century. (fn. 184) By 1599 it was called Low bridge and it was later sometimes called Little bridge. (fn. 185)
It was rebuilt in 1806. (fn. 186) Westwards the beck was later culverted and the bridge as such was removed.
Lurk Lane was mentioned, as Lort Gate, before 1280 (fn. 189) and was called Lort Lane from 1342, (fn. 190) presumably with reference to its dirty condition. (fn. 191) It was known as Lurk Lane in 1585 (fn. 192) and alternatively as Lurt Lane in 1725. (fn. 193)
Manor Road. Part of it may have been Tenter Lane, in Walkergate, mentioned in 1329 (fn. 194) and the road from Norwood to Alforth, recorded in 1423-4. (fn. 195) Alford, Aldford, or Alforth, where the tenters were placed, was mentioned from 1207 (fn. 196) and was evidently in or near Manor Road. (fn. 197) By 1556-7 it was called Pighell Lane, (fn. 198) later Pighill Lane, and in the 18th and 19th centuries sometimes Pickhill Lane. (fn. 199) The name was changed to Manor Road in 1929. (fn. 200)
Merchants' Row. Mercer Row, in Saturday Market, which was mentioned from 1421 to 1684, (fn. 201) and Merchants' Row, which lay towards Lairgate in 1462, (fn. 202) were probably the same. Merchants' Row was last recorded in 1771. (fn. 203)
Meryman Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1562-3. (fn. 204)
Middle Lane was known as Causeway Lane from 1747 but by 1853 was called Middle Lane. Part of it was later called the Causeway (q.v.). (fn. 205)
Mill Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1451 and was apparently near Walker beck. (fn. 206)
Mill Lane was so called by 1747. A windmill in Norwood stood opposite the end of it. (fn. 207)
Minster Moorgate. In the 13th century it was sometimes known as Moorgate, (fn. 208) presumably because it led towards Westwood. It later came to be distinguished as South Moorgate, Kirk Moorgate, (fn. 209) or Minster Moorgate. (fn. 210)
Minster Yard North and Minster Yard South were referred to as the north and south sides of the minster in a list of streets of 1805, when the east side was also mentioned. (fn. 211) Early references to Minster Yard (fn. 212) may have denoted the churchyard, but the adjoining streets were apparently so called in 1853. (fn. 213) The name Minster Yard South was in use by 1890. (fn. 214)
Morton Lane was perhaps Newbegin, in Walkergate, recorded in the 13th century, (fn. 215) and later Old Newbegin, (fn. 216) mentioned from 1340. (fn. 217) By the early 18th century it was called Murton or Morton Lane. (fn. 218)
Narrow Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1409, when it ran between the 'high street' and Lairgate, and 1416-17. (fn. 219) See also Wylies Road.
Neat bridge. Nete or Nout bridge at the end of Aldgate, near Lund gate, was mentioned between 1433-4 and 1449-50; it may also have been the Nete bridge recorded in 1344-5. (fn. 220) It was rebuilt in 1777. (fn. 221) It crossed Mill Dam drain and was called Mills Cut bridge by 1853. (fn. 222)
Another Neat bridge lay between Ladygate and Norwood, evidently crossing Walker beck; it was mentioned in 1437-8 and 1445-6. (fn. 223)
Neatdrete Lane (unidentified) was mentioned, as Noutdrit Lane, from 1329 (fn. 224) and evidently lay between Saturday Market and Hengate. (fn. 225) It was called Nete Dirte Lane in 1570-1, Neathird Lane in the 1570s, (fn. 226) and Neatdrete Lane in 1585. (fn. 227)
It was presumably so called with reference to cattle dung. (fn. 228)
New Walk. In the 1780s a tree-lined 'new walk' was made alongside part of North Bar Without. (fn. 231)
It was called New Walk by 1853 and the name was also applied to the street itself by 1890-1. (fn. 232)
Newbegin was mentioned from the 13th century (fn. 233) and was described as lying near Lairgate in 1329. (fn. 234) The name presumably derived from new buildings there. (fn. 235) See also Morton Lane.
North Bar Within was formerly part of the medieval 'high street' (q.v.) and until the early 15th century it was sometimes called Highgate. (fn. 236)
The expression 'within the North bar' was often used from the Middle Ages in a descriptive sense (fn. 237) and as a ward name. (fn. 238) The street was called Highgate within the North bar in 1585. (fn. 239) By 1747 Within North Bar was used as the name of the street, (fn. 240) altered in the 19th century to North Bar Within (fn. 241) or North Bar Street Within. (fn. 242) The northern part of Saturday Market was called Butcher Row by 1336 (fn. 243) and the east side of North Bar Within from Hengate to Saturday Market was called Butcher Row at least from the mid 17th to the early 19th century. (fn. 244)
North Bar Without. The expression 'without the north bar' was often used from the Middle Ages in a descriptive sense (fn. 245) and as a ward name. (fn. 246) In the 18th century the street was sometimes called Horse Fair. (fn. 247) By 1747 it was known as Without North Bar, (fn. 248) and in the 19th century as North Bar Without (fn. 249) or North Bar Street Without. (fn. 250)
The part of the street furthest from the bar may have been Molescroft Lane, mentioned in 15578, (fn. 251) and it was sometimes described as the road to Molescroft; (fn. 252) by 1853 it was known as Molescroft Road (fn. 253) and it was later called New Walk (q.v.).
Pudding Lane (unidentified) was mentioned, as Podyng Lane, in 1416-17 and may have been in the neighbourhood of Ladygate and Saturday Market. It was called Pudding Lane in 1556-7 and 1611. (fn. 264)
The name Queensgate was, however, used in 1628. (fn. 267) It was evidently also called Chapel Lane, mentioned in 1330 (fn. 268) and 1434, (fn. 269) and St. Thomas Chapel Lane in 1573-4. (fn. 270) It was known as Cottingham Road in 1811 but Queensgate in 1809 and 1853. (fn. 271) Most earlier references to Queensgate were concerned with the continuation of the road in Beverley Parks as far as the boundary of the liberty, now Victoria Road. (fn. 272)
Quinzmarz Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1396-7 and lay north of the beck. (fn. 273)
Railway Street was made c. 1849. From the start it was usually known by that name, (fn. 274) but in 1851 it was also called Railroad Street and in 1861
Albert Street. (fn. 275)
Raskel Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1446 and 1449-50 and lay on the north side of Flemingate. (fn. 276)
Register Square was presumably 'the street of Cross garth', mentioned in 1379, (fn. 277) and it may have been Cross Lane, recorded in 1502-3. (fn. 278) In 1703 the street in front of the guildhall was described as the highway from Cross garths (fn. 279) but after 1708 it became known as Register Square. (fn. 280)
Ryngald Lane (unidentified) lay on the north side of Minster Moorgate (fn. 281) and was mentioned, as Ryngand Lane, in 1364-5. (fn. 282) It was called Ryngald Lane in 1433-4. (fn. 283) It may have been so called from its winding course. (fn. 284)
St. Andrew Street was called Sigston Street in 1853 but St. Andrew Street by 1890. (fn. 285)
Scorbrugh Lane (unidentified) was mentioned, as Scoreburgh Lane, in 1369. (fn. 295) From later evidence it lay on the west side of the town, near Newbegin bar, and was recorded in 1545-6 and, as Scorbrugh Lane, in 1556-7. (fn. 296) It was presumably so called from the family of that name. (fn. 297)
Sevier Lane (unidentified) was mentioned, as Sevyer Lane, in 1433-4 and, as Sevier Lane, in 1449-50; it ran from Flemingate to Hell Garth. (fn. 298)
Simpsons Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1635. (fn. 299)
Skarne Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1344-5. (fn. 300)
Skepper Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1460-1 and lay on the south side of Flemingate in 1557-8. (fn. 301) It may have been the basket makers' street.
Sloe Lane was perhaps 'the lane towards the Friars Minor', mentioned in 1407, (fn. 302) Friar Lane 'next to Westwood', mentioned in 1445-6, (fn. 303) and the causeway from the friary to Queensgate, recorded in 1450-1.79 It was called Sloe Lane by 1747 (fn. 304) but was later sometimes Slee Lane. (fn. 305)
The latter name was recommended in 1896 to be changed to Sloe Lane. (fn. 306)
Smith Hill. The Smith Row mentioned from 1344-5 (fn. 307) lay on the south side of Ladygate, fronting Saturday Market. (fn. 308) It may have been the Smith Hill, recorded from 1633 (fn. 309) and described in 1824 as formerly part of Saturday Market near Sow Hill. (fn. 310)
Sow Hill was mentioned from 1585. (fn. 311)
Spark Mill Lane was recorded from 1747. (fn. 312)
Spynes Lane (unidentified) led from Walkergate to the southern end of Saturday Market. It was called Dalton Lane in the mid 13th century and as Spynes Lane was mentioned from 1358 to 1556-7. (fn. 317)
Swinemoor Lane was mentioned from 1519-20. (fn. 318)
Tiger Lane was perhaps the 'lane called Cuckstool pit', mentioned in 1585, (fn. 325) and was called Cuckstool Lane in 1828. (fn. 326) It was also known as Charters Lane in the early 19th century from the family of that name (fn. 327) and by 1853 was called Tiger Lane, (fn. 328) from a public house.
Tindall Lane was mentioned from 1815, when it was also called Bishop Lane. (fn. 329)
Tothe Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1329. (fn. 332)
Trinity Lane was presumably the lane 'anciently called Groval Lane' recorded in 1338. (fn. 333) It was mentioned as Trinity Lane from 1376. (fn. 334) The part near Eastgate was called Potter Lane in 1747, (fn. 335) Grovehill Lane in 1828, (fn. 336) and Goforth Lane in 1851; (fn. 337) the rest was sometimes called Endfield or Henfield Lane in the 19th century. (fn. 338) Turneagayne Lane (unidentified) was mentioned in 1557-8. (fn. 339)
Walkergate was mentioned from 1329. (fn. 342)
Waltham Lane was mentioned, as Waltheue or Walthene Lane, in 1202, (fn. 343) and was called Walthew Lane in 1449-50, Waltam Lane in 1520-1, (fn. 344) and Waltham Lane by 1670. (fn. 345) It was evidently also known as Matfray Lane in 1318, (fn. 346) Maykefray Lane in 1544, and Mackfray Lane in 1585, (fn. 347) as Couper Lane between 1386 and 1439, (fn. 348) and perhaps as Somyr Lane in 1423-4. (fn. 349) It was alternatively called Kirk Lane between 1520-1 and 1722, (fn. 350) and Crab or Crabtree Lane between 1672 and 1805. (fn. 351)
Waterside Road. The part adjoining the present Hull Road existed by 1747 (fn. 352) and was named by 1954. (fn. 353) The rest, running alongside the beck to the river Hull, presumably follows the line of the medieval road to Weel ferry. (fn. 354)
Wednesday Market was included in that part of the 'high street' (q.v.) where the fish market was held by the early 13th century (fn. 355) and which was known as Fishmarketgate by the end of the century. (fn. 356) It was presumably also South Market, recorded in 1366-7. (fn. 357) It was known as Wednesday Market by 1446. (fn. 358) By the 18th century Butcher Row (q.v.) was sometimes regarded as part of Wednesday Market.
Well Lane was known in the late 13th century as North Moorgate (fn. 359) but later as Fishmarket Moorgate, mentioned from 1320, (fn. 360) Market Moorgate, mentioned c. 1417, (fn. 361) or Fishmarket Moorgate Lane, recorded in 1439. (fn. 362) Like Minster Moorgate it led towards Westwood. Part of it was called Well Lane by 1449-50. (fn. 363) See also Champney Road.
Westwood Road. A lane running from Newbegin to Westwood was mentioned in 1355. (fn. 364) It was later known as Newbegin Lane or Road, mentioned from 1743, (fn. 365) and was called Westwood Lane by 1828 (fn. 366) and Westwood Road by 1851-2. (fn. 367)
Wheatsheaf Lane may formerly have been called Soutermarket or Shoemarket, (fn. 368) mentioned from the late 13th century, (fn. 369) and later Shoemarket Lane, recorded in 1423-4, or Shoemaker Lane, recorded in 1502-3. (fn. 370) It was called Johnson's Lane in 1737, Leeming Lane in the early 19th century, and Wheatsheaf Lane by 1853, (fn. 371) the last from a public house.
Wilbert Lane was perhaps formerly called Oswaldgate, mentioned from 1329 to 1585, (fn. 375) alternatively Hayrar, Hayrer, or Haire Lane, recorded from 1349 to 1473. (fn. 376) It was known as Cartwright Lane in 1685 and 1747, (fn. 377) and as Appleby Lane (fn. 378) or Issott Lane in the early 19th century. (fn. 379) By 1775 it was also called Wilbutt or Wilbert Lane. (fn. 380)
Willow Row (unidentified). Cottages outside North bar, probably on the west side of the Molescroft road, were said in 1416-17 to stand at the Willows and in the mid 15th century in Willow Row. (fn. 381)
Woodlands. The narrow thoroughfare south of Woodlands was sometimes considered to be part of Wood Lane. (fn. 384) It was called Balme Close Lane in 1556-7 (fn. 385) and Narrow Lane in 1805. (fn. 386) By 1805 it was also known as Love Lane (fn. 387) and in 1886 it was called Ropery Lane. (fn. 388) It was later regarded as part of Union Road, newly built c. 1861 (fn. 389) and known by 1908 as Woodlands. (fn. 390)