Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells: Volume 1. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Inspeximus and confirmation by the dean and chapter of Wells, dated viii kal. May 1317, of a grant made by J. bishop of Bath and Wells to William of his buttery called le Yonge for his service, of the tenement which Henry de Alam deceased held for life in the bishop's manor of Cranemere county Somerset, to hold for life of the bishop and his successors at a yearly rent of 7s. payable quarterly; witnessed by Sir Matthew de Clyvedon, Sir John de Clyvedon, Sir John de Bello Campo of Northope, Sir Richard de
Rodeneye knights, William de Reyni, John Flory, John Samwel, Reginald de Frome; and dated Rokeburne, 13 February 10 Edward II.
R.I. f. 141. Reg. Drokensford, Somerset Record Soc. i. 122.
Receipt given by the dean and chapter to Sir Henry rector of Burnham, dated Wells, Michaelmas, iii kal. October 1319, for 10l. in full payment of the pension for Michaelmas term granted them by Walter bishop of Bath and Wells.
R.I. f. 141.
Letter of J. bishop of Bath and Wells, chief collector of the six years' tenth imposed by the late Pope C[lement] V, to the dean and chapter of Wells his subcollectors, stating that he is being pressed by the treasurer and barons of the Exchequer for payment of arrears of the first year's tenth granted to the king by the now Pope J[ohn], and requiring them to send the said arrears to London or wherever he may be within eight days, or else to cite before him the receivers by them deputed, to exhibit their rolls and render a final account; and likewise the receivers of the tenth lately granted to the king by the clergy. Dated London, xviii kal. February 1317.
R.I. f. 141d.
Proxy by the chapter of Wells cathedral, addressed to W. archbishop of Canterbury and primate, in favour of Master John Martel canon of Wells, to appear before him in the church of St. Paul London on Thursday the morrow of St. Peter in cathedra, and confer with the prelates of that province on business of the church and realm. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xv kal. March 1317.
R.I. f. 141d.
Letter of the dean and chapter of Wells to J. bishop of Winchester treasurer of King E[dward II], acknowleding the king's writ, stating that they have no money either jointly or severally to succour the king in his necessity, and begging him (as their friend and formerly their brother of the bosom of the church of Wells) to excuse and save them harmless.
R.I. f. 141d.
Summons by the dean and chapter to Master William de Jatton canon to attend a special meeting of chapter on Monday after misericordia domini, to settle finally a difference which has arisen touching the delivery of certain common goods, spiritual and temporal.
R.I. f. 142.
Inspeximus and confirmation, dated 8 May 11 Edward II, by John dean of Wells and the chapter, (saving their rights of way by land and water from Ferlingmer to Wells, and the reversion to the bishop after the death of the grantee,) of a grant made by John bishop of Bath and Wells to John Dacres his yeoman for
his service, of the whole tenement which Isabel who was wife of Richard de Garselade held in villenage in the bishop's manor of Wells, to hold for life of the bishop and his successors freely etc. by the service of 10s. payable quarterly; dated Blakeford, 25 April 10 Edward II; and witnessed by Sir Matthew de Clyvedon, Sir John de Clyvedon, Sir John de Bello Campo of the marsh, Sir Thomas de Welleslegh knights, Walkelin Toner, Robert de Wodeford, John de Duddesdene.
R.I. f. 142. Reg. Drokensford, Somerset Record Soc. i. 125.
Letter of the dean and chapter of Wells to J. bishop of Bath and Wells, acknowledging a letter in which the bishop expressed surprise at their disturbance about the payment of the king's tenth in London on the octave of St. Hilary, explaining that it was due to a fresh writ(copy enclosed), and praying his protection. As to his directions, in another letter, to explain the cause why they have delayed the confirmation of certain writings of apportionment of Cheddre moor, it seemed to some of them to tend towards permanent alienation, and therefore could only be dealt with in full chapter; wherefore in presence of Sir J. Randolf, Sir J. de Clyvedon, and Sir Matthew de Clyvedon, who heard the discussion, it was determined to summon a special chapter of Wells, non. January.
R.I. f. 142, d.
Proxy by the dean and chapter of Wells, collections of one year's tenth granted to King Edward [II] in his 10 th year by the clergy, to Sir William de Bathonia clerk, to appear before the treasurer and barons of the Exchequer on the octave of St. Hilary and render a final account thereof. Dated in the chapter of Wells, St. Hilary 1318.
R.I. f. 142 d.
Memorandum of an ordinance by the dean and chapter of Wells that Sir William de Westbury retain his office at Northcory as before, from Michaelmas 1322 until the Michaelmas following, except that some one be associated with him in holding the court there.
R.I. f. 142d.
Art. 1. To consider how to meet the grace obtained by Master John de Ros their brother, enabling him while absent at the court of Rome to receive all fruits in the church of Wells as if resident, except the daily distribution, seeing that nothing would be left to distribute at the end of the year if all canons should reside; and on whom the burden of litigation should fall.
Agreed that all will share the costs of the defence; the resident canons contributing one moiety out of their daily distribution, those nonresident the other out of the corpus of their prebends.
Art. 2. Whereas Walter Fairmay, tenant in the manor of Northcori, has procured a writ against the dean and chapter to have common of pasture through all their manor of Knappe wherever their beasts pasture, and claims common nevertheless in their enclosed woods, parks, meadows and lands; whether it were well to grant a portion of their land there to him and his heirs in exchange for the said common.
Agreed that the dean take with him four or five canons, and do what they think fit to stay such litigation.
Agreed that, to restore peace, he and his wife may have 5½ acres of meadow in the manor of Knappe to them and their heirs.
Agreed as to the last article.
Art. 5. At the last special chapter, a five years' tithe of all the canons' prebends and benefices was granted to the aid of the new belfry, according to the assessment of Norwich: how to proceed against those who do not pay the same ?
To proceed by ecclesiastical censures and sequestration of their fruits.
Art. 6. Whereas a large sum issues of sequestrated tithes and oblations of St. William and the fraternity of St. Andrew towards the fabric of the church and the belfry: it would be well to take an account of the receivers, and an audit by canons deputed by the chamber.
Two canons to be deputed to audit the account of each receiver
Art. 7. It was agreed at the last special chapter that houses should be built for the vicars to live in together, but nothing has been done: to arrange a site for such dwelling, and who shall take the responsibility.
Agreed that the dwelling be from the house of Sir William de Cherlton to the penthouse where the masons work; that a piece of the churchyard be taken for it, and for the recreation of the inhabitants: if the dean will take upon him the charge, he may settle one year's rent thereof for his soul in the church of Wells, as he shall think fit.
Art. 8. At the said special chapter it was agreed that the privy by the cloister be removed further off because of the fouling in St. Andrew's well in the cloister, but nothing has been done: to discuss this.
The door of that privy to be blocked up, so that none have access to it in future.
Art. 9. Because the presence of canons at divine service adorns the church, enhances divine worship, conduces to the quiet conversation of those ministering, and removes the temptation to wander; to ordain that canons willing to be present at service by night may have their books in the choir with a light, to their greater devotion and comfort, and without injury to others.
The canons to have books in the choir in future, and a light of their own, when they think fit; provided that the vicars have no access to such books.
Inhibition against so doing in future, under a penalty.
Note that all the canons were present in person or by proxy except the prebendaries of Compton, Haselbere, Cuddeworth, Cumba Luodecima, Cumba undecima, Harpetre, Tymbrescomb, Milverton secunda and Barton, who were cited but did not appear, and the prebendaries of Ashulle, Eston, Cumba tercia decima, Dynre, Wedmor quarta, Clyve, Holecumb and Wedmor secunda,who were out of the realm.
Memorandum that on the morrow of St. Gregory B. 1323, the dean of Wells and the chapter, considering the services rendered at much labour and cost by Master Thomas de Haselchawe canon, decreed that for three years he be counted as resident while absent, to take as much emolument as a simple canon each year, the daily distributions excepted: the present year to be the first. The same day he resigned the farm of Congresbury.
R.I. f. 143d.
Proxy by the chapter of St. Andrew Wells to Master Richard de Plumstok canon of Wells to appear for them before Walter archbishop of Canterbury in the convocation of the clergy of this province on Friday after quasimodo Sunday in the church of St. Paul London. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xvii kal. May 1319.
R.I. f. 144.
Summons by the dean and chapter of Wells to Master Thomas de Retford canon and chancellor of Wells to be present at a special chapter on Wednesday after the Ascension, to consider divers
petitions put before them by nobles and men of the middle class concerning the confirmation of grants for ever made by the bishop of immovable property belonging to the bishopric. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xiii kal. May 1319.
R.I. f. 144.
Memorandum that on Friday the morrow of St. Alphege 1319, the dean and chapter of Wells granted to Sir Robert de Avebury and Ralph de Bergh' vicars in the said church for their lives the dwelling houses which Sir Thomas de Benhangre late vicar held of them; and if one of them die or retire, another shall be substituted for him.
Copy of a writ addressed to the king's clerk Master John Walewayn his escheator south of Trent, directing him to make inquisition upon the representation of the dean and chapter of Wells that 6l. 14s. rent in Wells of divers men of that town, seized by the said escheator under the statute of mortmain, was acquired to them and their successors in fee before the publication of that statute. Tested at Westminster, 22 March 11 [Edward II].
R.I. f. 144d.
Writ addressed to the King's clerk Master Richard de Clare his escheator north of Trent, reciting that it was found by inquisition before Master John Walewayn late escheator south of Trent, taken under the above writ, that the said rent had been acquired of divers men of the town of Welles at divers times long before the publication of the said statute, and held of the bishop of Bath and Wells by service of 2s., three cloves and three roses yearly; and directing him to restore the same to the dean and chapter. Tested at York, 6 June 12[Edward II].
R.I. f. 144d. See Inq. ad q. d. 11 Edw. II. No. 91.
Reply of the chapter of Wells to a letter from the bishop of Bath and Wells, as to the King's writ ordering payment to certain merchants of the balance above 500 marks collected of the six years' tenth for the first year, advising that the answer should be that it is impossible to proceed with such payment unless order be first taken as in the case of the said 500 marks. Dated in the chapter of Wells, iv kal. November.
R.I. f. 145.
Inspeximus and confirmation by John dean of Wells and the chapter, dated Tuesday after St. Lucy 1314, of a grant made by John de Drokenesforde bishop of Bath and Wells to Ralph Triwelove of Alresforde his yeoman for his service, of all lands and tenements late of Walter de Illewyk and Reginald Godrich in the town of Cheddre county Somerest, to hold for life of the chief lords
by the services due and accustomed: witnessed by Sir Robert Fitz Payn, Sir Roger Fitz Payn, Sir John de Actone, Sir Nicholas de Langelonde, Sir John Randolf knights, Roger de Hanam, Henry the forester, William Gyward, Ralph the clerk; and dated London, Friday after St. Simon and St. Jude 5 Edward II.
R.I. f. 145.
Inspeximus and confirmation by John dean of Wells and the chapter, dated the morrow of St. Nicholas 1314, of an agreement between John bishop of Bath and Wells and John de Membury lord of Westbaggebergh touching a piece of waste upon Cantok hill county Somerset, which the said John de Membury claimed as part of his said manor, and the bishop as part of his manor of Bishops Lidiard, and the right of his churches of Bath and Wells, whereof an assize of novel disseisin was moved in the king's court of Cherde before Sir John de Foxle, John de Batesford, and William de Born' justices; whereby John de Membury quitclaimed to the bishop the lordship of the soil, and granted that it should be lawful for him year by year to enclose the said waste, breaking it up, cultivating it and taking other profits, saving to the lords of Westbaggebergh and the free and villein tenants of that manor common of pasture throughout the year in lands not cultivated, and in lands cultivated after the corn is carried, as every free tenant of the neighbourhood causes the enclosed waste of another to be depastured: metes and bounds between the manors of Bishops Lidiard and Westbaggebergh, the east corner of Robert de Calewe's croft beneath Cantok and eastwards along the Holedich, thence eastward to the Fennyslo, thence northward and a little westward to Alferode, thence eastward to the Redewelle, thence eastward to Coleslade which is a bound between the manors of Westbaggebergh and asscheholte, and the lords or tenants of Westbaggebergh may not have common beyond Coleslade eastward: metes and bounds across the hill to Estbaggebergh within which they have common, the upper head of Coleslade southward to Oxenham, thence straight southward to the Rowebergh, thence straight southward to Bulgonescroiz, so lengthwise to Estbaggebergh again to the east corner of Robert de Calewe's croft aforesaid: dated Grenewyc by London, Tuesday after the Translation of St. [Wulstan] 8 Edward II; and witnessed by John de Moun, John de Meryet, Andrew Luterel, Hugh de Popham, William de Wyggebergh, Matthew de Fornieux, Matthew de Clyvedon, Gilbert de Bere knights, Walter le Lif, Richard de Loueny, Ralph le Fuizurz, John atte Yurde, Matthew de Coker.
R.I. f. 145d. (Wulstan in a modern hand, over an erasure).
Grant by Henry de Schavynton archdeacon of Tanton, with the consent of the dean and chapter of Wells, to the vicarage in the parochial and prebendal church of Milverton, and to Sir Robert de Esplegh the vicar and his successors, of a messuage with garden lying on the north side of the church between the messuage of William Corbyn on the west and the road to the mill on the east, as enclosed by hedge and ditch, at a yearly rent of 12d. payable
at Michaelmas to the archdeacon and his successors, for that no dwelling house was hitherto annexed to the vicarage, but the vicars provided for themselves from year to year in hired housed charged with secular services, and in many cases distant from the church. Sealed by the archdeacon, and by the dean and chapter. Dated Wells, vi kal. January 1314.
R.I. f. 146.
Letter of John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter, addressed to J. bishop of Bath and Wells, presenting Sir Robert de Lee chaplain to the vicarage of Wynescumb, vacant by the death of Sir Robert de Codeforde. Dated in the chapter of Wells, viii id. April 1315.
R.I. f. 146d
Letter of John bishop of Bath and Wells to the dean and chapter of Wells enjoining them, by sentences of suspension, excommunication and interdict and other censures, to hasten the collection of the tenth granted by the clergy for the defence of the church and realm, whereof the necessity is daily becoming more urgent. Dated Eston Crock', vi id. April 1315.
R.I. f. 146d.
Letters patent of the king granting to the master and brethren of the house of St. Mark Bristol licence in mortmain to assign to John bishop of Bath and wells a mill in Netherwere and the sluices thereof with the watercourse leading thereto, in exchange for 40 acres of pasture and 80 acres of moor in Compton and Ceddre. Tested at Westminster, 8 February 8 Edward .
R.I. f. 146d. (Pat. Calendar, p. 217).
Letters patent of the king granting to the master and brethren of St. Mark Bristol licence to appropriate the church of Stocklaund. Tested at Westminster, 7 February 8 Edward II.
R.I. f. 147. (Pat. Cal., p. 217).
Appropriation to the master and brethren of the house of St. Mark Bristol John bishop of Bath and Wells, afte conferring with his chapters of Bath and Wells, of the church of Stocklond in his diocese, of their patronage, the said house beiing in debt in consequence (inter alia) of an inundation of the sea submerging a considerable part of their lands by the sea side, saving to himself and his successors power to ordain a competent vicarage, the said master and brethren to present, and the archdeacon to have for his sequestrations yearly half a mark besides his dues, saving also the customs dues and diginity of the bishop and the archdeacon.Dated London, iii id, February 1314.
R.I. f. 147d
Receipt give3n by the dean and chapter of Wells to Sir Henry rector of Bornham for 9l. 5s. in part payment of a yearly pension of 10l. of that church granted by walter bishop of Bath and Wells,
for Michaelmas term 1317; and allowance of 10s. paid to them as collectors in the city and diocese of Bath and Wells of a year's tenth granted by the clergy to the king in 1316 for the first term thereof, and of 5s. paid to the dean of Axebrigg' for procuration of Gaucelin cardinal priest and Elluca (Luke Fieschi) cardinal deacon, papal nuncios, namely of every mark 4d. Dated Wells, iii kal. October 1317.
R.I. f. 147d.
Memorandum that on Friday after the Translation of St. Thomas M. 1316, a love day (dies amoris) was taken in the chapter of Wells between William le Veil and the dean and chapter, touching an assize of novel disseisin prosecuted by the said William of his freehold in the town of Wells, which John de Surreie vicar in the church of Wells has purchased for himself and his heirs of the dean and chapter: the said William and John appeared, and submitted to the ordinance of the dean and chapter.
Also touching an assize of novel disseisin prosecuted by William Malherbe against the dean and chapter: it was agreed that Master Anthony de Bradeneye and Sir William de Bourne on behalf of the chapter and two fit persons on behalf of William Malherbe should visit the place in question. and taking an oath of six credible persons to be produced on either side, on Sunday before St. Margaret, should decide the matter.
Also it was appointed and agreed by the dean and chapter, as to assizes of novel disseisin prosecuted against them by Juliana daughter of William atte Ferlyng and William Hughet, that William de Bourne and William de Westbury should cause the said Juliana and William Hughet to be summoned before them at Northcori on Tuesday after St. Thomas, and mete them out full justice.
Also Master Richard de Plimpstoke was appointed to go as speedily as possible to master John Waleweyn the king's escheator, and request his consent to enclose certain moors in the manor of Northcory, by reason of the lands of John de Berkelee's heirs, of whom the ward and marriage belongs to the heirs of Nicholas de Meeles deceased, whose heir is in the king's custody; and if he cannot find the escheator in the parts of Bristol, that Sir William de Bourne should request the consent of john Enge subescheator in Somerset in their name.
Also Master R. de Plimpstoke, Master Hugh de Pencriz and William de Bourne (or two of them) were appointed to cause the moors to be measured, and assign portions to the freeholders and villeins, [ (fn. 1) especially to the tenants of Muridone (fn. 1) ] before the feast of St. James Ap.
Also it was appointed and agreed that the tenants of the dean and chapter at Muridone should have one acre of the moor newly enclosed beyond the portion formerly assigned to them, and 30 acres in common on the moor by the bridge in Corymor; [ (fn. 1) and likewise a wide road through the midst of Boterlake moor to Folkesmor, to drive their cattle. (fn. 1) ]
Also that the cottars of the dean and chapter should have one acre of moor in severalty attached to their cottages, and that they, the other tenants of the dean and chapter, and the sons of their villeins should have common for their cattle in the moors demised for common; the moors to be demised beyond the portions assigned to them to be demised only to villeins of the dean and chapter.
Memorandum that the dean and chapter kept a love day on the vigil of St. Peter ad vincula at Wells, between themselves on the one part and Hugh de Bello Campo and Robert de Pudele on the other, touching a schedule between the parties, a copy of which they had at Northcory.
R.I. f. 149.
Memorandum that the dean and chapter granted to William le Veil, for his soul and the souls of his ancestors, half a mark towards his obit in the church of Wells yearly on the feast of St. Lucy, from a tenement in Chamberleynestret, now held for life by William de Wygornia and Roger de Surreye.
Also to Sir John de Surreye vicar in the church of Wells, for his soul, half a mark towards his obit from the said tenement. And because that tenement cannot without the addition of some new building suffice for the charge together with 10s. a year for finding certain torches in the chapel of the Virgin Mary in the church of Wells, Sir John shall build thereon, taking from the escheator 30s. when he begins building.
Also the archdeacon of Tanton, Master W. de Lauton, Master Thomas de Haselschawe and W. de Cherleton were appointed to audit the account of Sir Richard de Pencriz subtreasurer of Wells during the whole term of his office, in lieu of whom Thomas de Merkesbury vicar in the church of Wells was admitted to office by the dean and chapter, by the nomination of Master Jordan Moraunt the treasurer, and sworn: Master Anthony de Bradenye, Master John de Bruton, Master William de Lauton canon of Wells sureties.
R.I. f. 149d.
Grant by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter to Sir Roger de Molyns chaplain for his life of the chantry of the mass of St. Mary in the chapel of Northcori, with houses, lands, rents etc. thereto belonging. Dated in the chapter of Wells, viii id. June 1317.
R.I. f. 149d.
Receipt given by the dean and chapter of Wells to Sir Henry rector of Burnham for 8l. 19s. 4(½)d. in part payment of a yearly pension of 10l. from that church granted by bishop Walter, for Michaelmas term 1320; and allowance of 20s. paid to the abbot and convent of Glastonbury, collectors in the city and diocese of Bath and Wells of one year's tenth granted to the king by Pope John XXII, to aid his defence against the incursions of the Scots, for two terms, and of 7(½)d. paid to the dean of Axebrugg, to the use of the chancellor and university of Oxford, namely ½d. the mark. Dated Wells, iii kal. October the said year.
R.I. f. 149d.
Inspeximus and confirmation by the dean and chapter of Wells, dated vii id. July the same year, of an indenture of agreement made between John bishop of Bath and Wells and William master of the house of St. Mark Bristol and brethren, between whom a dispute had arisen touching the watercourse which led to their mills in Netherwere, and the site of the mills, and of certain sluices, alleged to be to the injury of adjacent tenements of the bishop and his men, but was settled by the intervention of friends at Netherwere on Sunday before Midsummer 1316; whereby the master and brethren granted to the bishop and his successors the watercourse, site and sluices (saving to themselves and their successors their lands and pieces of land, built upon or not, on either side thereof, and also the suit to the said mills anciently made and to them and their successors due and accustomed); and in exchange the bishop (by assent of the dean and chapter of Wells) granted the whole moor called Hyndemor in the manors of Compton and Ceddre beneath Overwere, lying in length between the ancient dyke of Beremore on the west and the head of the new dyke of Hamwere on the east, and in breadth from the ancient watercourse to the mills on the north to the land of the lord of Overwere on the south, with a new watercourse running across Hyndermor by Beremor, and the lordship thereof with all profits, etc. (saving to the commoners of Overwere and others, but not to the bishop, the dean and chapter, or their villeins of Compton and Ceddre, their usual common in Hyndemor,) with leave to scour the new watercourse upon their own soil, quit of all services, suits of courts or hundreds etc.; and they may draw off, dig and have a moiety of the water of the ancient watercourse throughout the year, beginning in the ancient watercourse at the Blakelake head of the newcourse of the width of 15 feet for drawing off water to the extent of a moiety of the ancient course through Hordesham moor straight to Hamweremedediche of the same width, and so through the midst of Hyndemor to the Blyndezoo beneath Overwere,
and the said water running to a new water mill built by the master and brethren in Netherwere of the width of 12 feet, and the course thereof, to scour and throw the earth upon the lands on either side; and the bishop, dean and chapter may not fish nor work in the new course, nor the master and brethren in the old course, nor may the bishop, dean and chapter divert the water issuing from Ceddre unless the master and brethren have sufficient for their new mill pool and sluices.: and he likewise granted to the master and brethren their easements in their soil of Hordesham moor to the breadth of 8 feet on either side of the new course, and also upon their embankment of Beremore of the width of 6 feet from the new course leading to the new mill of the Beeme to Hyndemor over all the pasture of the Beremore for scouring and embanking, and right of way for their profit, as in fishing, scouring, embanking, so that the earth thrown upon the bisop's land be not after removed; and that they may scour their watercourse by the land of the bishop and his men in Compton beneath the Polesfotte, so that the ancient mills of Netherwere be wholly removed and no others be built upon the old course: and the master and brethren grant that the bishop and his successors and other neighbours, at their own charge, may dig and widen the watercourse leading to Netherwere mills to the same extent on their soil of Hyndemor or elsewhere on the one side as on their own soil on the other side, and make embankments: warranty on either part: witnessed by John de Erle, John de Meriet, Matthew de Clyvedon, John de Bello Campo of Norton, John de Clyvedon knights, John de Hampton, John de Northlode, Philip le Yrrays, William de Briuton, Roger de Hanam, John de Arderne.
R.I. f. 150. (Reg. Drokensford, Somerset Record Soc. i. 7).
Note that the same day was sealed a confirmation touching the appropriation of the church of Stoclonde to the master and brethren of St. Mark Bristol, who will give the church of Wells yearly 2s. for sequestrations.
R.I. f. 150d.
Memorandum that whereas John bishop of Bath and Wells had publicly threatened to visit the prebends and farms of the church of Wells, the visitation whereof belongs to the dean and chapter to be executed by the dean alone, on Wednesday after the [Translation] of St. Thomas 1319, John de Godelee the dean, Thomas archdeacon of Wells, Thomas the chancellor, William the subdean, Richard de Plimstok, William de Cherletone and Hamelin de Godelee canons, after ringing the bell, met at the first hour in the chapter house, and agreed that an appeal should be made for the preservation of the right of their church, and notified to the bishop, and the appeal should be made against the event of a future grievance. Afterwards on Thursday after the Assumption assembled in the chapter house, at the ringing of the great bell, Master Anthony de Bradeneye, William de Bourne and Hugh de Pencriz canons, and agreed to all the premisses.
R.I. f. 151.
Memorandum that whereas certain articles against the estate and customs of the church of Wells were sent by John bishop of Bath and Wells to the dean, on Monday after St. Hilary 1319 the dean and canons assembled in the chapter house, at the ringing of the great bell, and it was decreed that all canons who had been in residence that or the previous year should be summoned for Monday before Ash Wednesday, to take counsel for the defence of the church, and meanwhile the canons at a distance should be asked to give their opinion in writing, and the muniments should be examined. Present, the dean, chancellor, subdean, succentor, Master Anthony de Bradeneye, Master Richard de Plymstok, Master John Martel, Michael de Eston, Matthew Husee, and Hamelin de Godelee.
R.I. f. 151.
Form of letter sent accordingly, stating that from the foundation of the church of Wells the canons and their prebends had been exempt from the bishop's visitations, enclosing a copy of the bishop's articles, and requesting advice.
R.I. f. 151d.
Reply by the dean and chapter of Wells to a letter of Walter archbishop of Canterbury and primate, dated Uffington, v id. March 1319, in which he required them (in accordance with his prerogative dignity, entitling him to call any clerks within his province to the service of his own household, notwithstanding that they are bound to reside elsewhere) to overrule the objections of a few of their number, and give their promised assent to the licence granted by J. bishop of Bath and Wells to Master John de Bruyton chancellor of Canterbury and treasurer of Wells, and cited them to appear before him after the Sunday when misericordia domini is sung to shew cause; stating that they are unable to seal the document he sent for reasons which the bearer, canon J. Martel, will explain, but undertaking to appear as cited. Dated in the chapter of Wells, non. April 1320.
R.I. f. 151d.
Special proxy by the dean and chapter of Wells to Master John Martel their brother to appear before the archbishop after the octave of Trinity, in accordance with a lawful citation, and make excuses etc. sufficient for the archbishop's letters addressed to them. Dated Wells in chapter, x kal. June 1320.
R.I. f. 152.
Mandate of John bishop of Bath and Wells to his official to induct Master William de Clopton, late rector of Tidd St. Mary Lincoln diocese, to the treasury of the church of Wells, to which
he has been collated by W. archbishop of Canterbury and invested, by exchange with Master John de Bruyton the last treasurer, provided he first take the oath concerning residence. Dated Wyvelescomb, viii id. May 1320.
R.I. f. 152d.
Receipt from J. de Godeleygh dean of Wells and the chapter to Master Henry de Schavyngton archdeacon of Tanton for 4l. 18s. 11d., being the sequestrations granted by Jocelin bishop of Bath and Wells towards the increase of their common fund of divers vacant churches in his archdeaconry named in a schedule delivered by the archdeacon, from St. Wlfran 1304 to St. Ciricus and St. Julitta 1320; also for 10l. of the church of Chedesy, in part payment of their portion of 20 marks by reason of the vacancy; also for 12s. 1d. of other small churches. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xiii kal. July 1320.
R.I. f. 152d.
Inspeximus and confirmation by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter, dated 10 July 14 Edward II, of a grant made by Master John de Grandissono archdeacon of Notingham and prebendary of Wytchurche to Elias de Corscumbe, of William son of Richard Richeman of Benhangre his neif and all that goes with him, free of all burden of servitude; dated Notingham, Sunday before St. John Baptist 10 Edward II.
R.I. f. 153.
Collation by Walter bishop of Bath and Wells of Master Hugh de Pencriz priest to the prebend of Combe decima, vacant by the resignation of Master Thomas de Heselschawe the bishop's nephew. Dated Wells vi non. October 1305.
R.I. f. 153.
Appointment by J. de Godelegh dean of Wells and the chapter of Luke de Harpetre vicar in the church of Wells as their escheator, proctor and special attorney, to take seisin of the fruits of prebends vacant by death, which by ancient custom belong to them for the first year. Dated in the chapter of Wells, the feast of St. Simon and St.Jude 1320.
R.I. f. 153.
General letter of credence by Henry dean of Wells and the chapter in favour of Gilbert Waweyn, whom they are sending to announce the obits of the canons, and to desire for them the pravers of the faithful. Dated in the chapter of Wells.
R.I. f. 153.
Libel of Master Thomas de Haselschawe canon of Wells (by his proctor) against Master William de Jatton, addressed to the president of the court of Canterbury, alleging that whereas it is the custom of Wells to assign the church farms to canons resident in rotation, as they complete their residence, each being content with one, and plaintiff after his residence was complete, being first in rotation when the farm of the church of Congresbury fell vacant by the death of Master Thomas de Gorges late canon, craved the said farm, but the dean and chapter, at the instance of defendant, would not hear him; and craving sentence that the same was due to him, and the defendant had no right therein.
- 1. That the dean and chapter may assign farms when vacant to any canon who has completed his residence, at their discretion and not in rotation.
- 2. That such has been the practice time out of mind.
- 3. That it rests with the chapter to assign such farms to canons, or retain them to increase the common fund.
- 4. That the church of Congresbury was appropriated to increase the common fund before the death of Master Thomas de Gorges.
- 5. That the dean and chapter have and do possess the same so appropriated from the time of the appropriated from the time of the appropriation until now.
- 6. That they resolved after the death of Master Thomas de Gorges to retain it in common, according to the effect of the appropriation.
- 7. That plaintiff expressly consented to such resolution.
- 8. That the dean and chapter have and do retain the said church in common from that time until now by his express consent.
Master Thomas de Gorges had the farm of Congresbury, and R. de Plymstok that of Stogommer, before Master Thomas de Cherleton archdeacon of Wells, though he was their senior in residence, and so with others.
Acquittance by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter to Sir Richard de Pencriz vicar of St.Cuthbert Wells, late vicar and subtreasurer of the church of Wells, after an audit made iv kal. July 1316 by William de Cherleton, Master William de Lauton', and Master Thomas de Haselschawe canons deputed for the purpose. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xi kal. April 1320.
R.I. f. 154.
Inspeximus and confirmation by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter, dated viii id. April the same year, of the manumission by Master Richard de Plymstok canon of Wells and farmer of Stokegommer (by their assent) of John son of William Brigge of Stokegommer, a neif of the said church, and all that goes with him. Dated Wells, non. April 1321.
R.I. f. 154.
Form of peremptory citation to the several canons by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter, to appear in the chapter house on Monday after Trinity, to confer upon the wrongful action of John bishop of Bath and Wells who, though aware that J. bishop of Bath and Glastonbury made a statute that two thirds of the fruits and obventions of vacant churches in the diocese (which he and his predecessors used to take, answering to the archdeacons for the remaining third) should be applied to increase the common fund of the canons of Wells, and that the archdeacons have accordingly held vacant churches, and answered for such two thirds to the said common fund, has nevertheless, upon the vacancy of the church of Bautrip, in contravention of the oath which he took upon his admission as canon, expressly inhibited the archdeacon of Wells, and converted the fruits thereof to his own use. Dated in the chapter of Wells, 12 May 1321.
R.I. f. 154d.
Appeal by the proctor of the dean and chapter to the papal see and for the protection of the court of Canterbury against every attempt of the bishop and his official to execute his late threat not to allow the archdeacons to have the custody of vacant churches and pay the dean and chapter their usual portion,
though aware of the statute made by John (sic) bishop of Bath and Glastonbury, and though the bishop, when admitted a canon of Wells, was sworn to observe the customs of that church.
R.I. f. 154d. The reference would seem to be to the decree of bishop Joscelin, f. 59, No ccxxvii; above p. 67. Compare f. 64, No ccxlvi, p. 72, and ff. 111d.–113, p. 149. See also the next entry.
Request by John de Begelegh proctor of the dean and chapter to the bishop (reciting their appeal against any attempt to their prejudice in regard to the fruits and obventions of the vacant church of Bautrip, contrary to the statute of John (sic) bishop of Bath and Glastonbury, and the subsequent sale by Master William de Edyngton the bishop's official of such fruits belonging to them) that to stay the suit he will (notwithstanding his official's order) send letters to the dean of Paulet, in whose deanery the sale took place, to permit the archdeacon of Wells and his official to take the money, and content the dean and chapter for their portion.
R.I. f. 155.
Appeal by the said proctor, as above, for that Master William de Edyngton the bishop's official, by his authority, contrary to their former appeal, has sold fruits of the vacant church of Baudrip, belonging to the dean and chapter by the custom of the church, which the bishop is sworn to observe, and the said bishop has expressly refused, or too long delayed his answer to their request to revoke the said grievances.
R.I. f. 155.
Special proxy by the dean and chapter of Wells to Master John de Middelton and Master Adam de Fagenham clerks to swear in their name that, on xvii kal. May the year below written, about the ninth hour, and not before, it came to their knowledge that Master William de Edyngton the bishop's offical had caused to be alienated fruits of the vacant church of Baudrip due to them, and sequestrated in their name by the archdeacon of Wells. Dated Wells, 8 July 1321.
R.I. f. 155.
Acquittance by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter to Henry de Sandwyco archdeacon of Bath, after audit of his final account of vacant churches and vicarages from the date of his appointment to Michaelmas 1321, whereby it appeared that he received in all 14l. 10s. 6d., and paid them 9l. 13s. 8d., retaining 4l. 16s. 10d., or one third, by reason of his office. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xvi kal. January 1321.
R.I. f. 155.
Letter from the chapter of Wells to their friend and brother Master Gilbert de Middelton, praying his counsel and aid against those who invade their rights, which every canon is sworn to defend, as dean J. will more fully explain.
R.I. f. 155d.
Proxy by the dean and chapter of Wells to Master John de Bruton and Master Richard de Plumstok canons, to appear in a parliament to be held at Westminster three weeks after Midsummer with Walter archbishop of Canterbury etc. Dated in the chapter house of Wells, vii id. July 1321.
R.I. f. 155d.
Receipt and indemnity by the dean and chapter of Wells to Sir Robert vicar of Milverton and Sir Simon Cotyn vicar of the church of Wells, executors of Master Henry de Schavyton late archdeacon of Tanthon, for 5 marks for the fruits of the vacant church of Chedesey received in his lifetime. Dated Wells, St. Mary Magdalen 1321.
R.I. f. 155d.
Bond of John de Godelegh dean of Wells and the chapter to Richard called Richeman of Wells in 40l. received as a loan by the hands of Richard de Bak warden of the fabric of their church for the use thereof, to be paid at Wells in the quinzaine of Michaelmas. Dated Wells in chapter, ix kal. September 1321.
R.I. f. 155d.
Letter from John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter to John bishop of Bath and Wells, presenting Master Richard de Baac deacon to the vicarage of Northcory. Dated Wells in chapter, iii id. September 1321.
R.I. f. 156.
Mandate of J. bishop of Bath and Wells to his offical, having agreed that the dean and chapter of Wells shall take the fruits of vacant benefices in his diocese for his time, as they used in the days of his predecesors, to deliver to the archdeacon money collected by the dean of Poulet of the fruits of the church of Baudrip, sequestrated by reason of the vacancy, and due (as alleged) to the dean and chapter. Dated Stokwelle, xvi kal. September 1321.
R.I. f. 156.
- 1. As to the fruits of vacant benefices, the bishop is willing to grant the petition of the dean and chapter, according to the form drawn up in London, provided the word notorie be expunged.
- 2. As to the dean's jurisdiction similarly, subject to inquiry as to places etc.
The bishop is willing to commission Master R. de Plumstok, Master J. Martel, Master W. de Hedyngton (*Edyngtone) and Master R. de Wamberghe to inquire and report touching the immunity of dignities; and he will pronounce what is just before the feast of All Saints.
As to impounding the dean's cattle on Ceddre moor, he grants that Sir J.de Clyvedon and Sir R. de Rodenye knights, Master R. de Plumstok and Master J. Martel may inquire and report, and he will do what is just.
Done in the chapter of Stret?. Monday iv kal. October 1321, in presence of the bishop, dean, archdeacon of Wells, chancellor, and treasurer, Master R. de Plumstok, Master J. Martel canons of Wells, Master J. Brabazon S.T.P., Master W. de Edingdon, Master W. Broun, Master N. de Bathonia, Master J. de Midelton, and Master J. de Wambergh.
R.I.f.156:II.f.48d. (Reg. Drokensford, Somerset Record Soc. i. 22; Reynolds, App. I.p. 146)
Absolution by the dean and chapter of Wells to Walter called le Barber, upon his petition and oath to do them no wrong in future, for the wrong done them by laying violent hands upon Adam Humwyn clerk, their messenger. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xiv kal. November 1321.
R.I. f. 156.
Award of John bishop of Bath and Wells, by consent of the parties, in a dispute between John de Godelee dean of Wells and William de Jatton the subdean, touching the visitation of the church of Woky annexed to the subdeanery, claimed by the dean, which the subdean asserts to be with the bishop. The parties being called before the bishop, the dean complained that, whereas he had jurisdiction in the city and suburb of Wells and in foreign prebends, churches and chapels at a considerable distance, while the subdean had jurisdiction in his absence only, by virtue of an ordinance, in the city and suburb, the said subdean had usurped jurisdiction in the churches, chapels etc. of Evercriz (Evercrich), Chyldecompton, and Westbury, in the prebends of Dynre, Wormesterre and Dultyngcote, and in places in the parish of St. Cudbert, some at a distance, and none of them included in the city or suburb.
The bishop declares that Woky church, as regards jurisdiction, apart from the power assigned to the subdean, is subject immediately to himself, to the exclusion of the dean: the subdean to be content with the jurisdiction in the dean's absence over the city and suburb, that is to say the buildings immediately adjoining the said city, and not to touch places beyond. Sealed by the bishop, the parties, the chapters of Bath and of Wells. Done at Banewell, xiv kal. February 1310.
R.I. f. 156d.: repeated f. 188: II. f. 51.
Letter of credence by the dean and chapter of Wells, addressed to Sir John de Mohun, in favour of their brother Sir William de Weston, who will mention matters touching the farm of Stokegummer assigned for their common fund, and the distribution to the canons and vicars.(French.)
R.I. f. 157.
Declaration by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter that, whereas the rectors, vicars and other ecclesiastical persons of the deanery of Tanton have given 1d. in the pound of their benefices in aid of the new belfry roof, that is not to be a precedent. Dated Wells, x kal. February 1321.
R.I. f. 157.
Petition of the dean and chapter to J. bishop of Bath and Wells to remove his official, owing to whom the dispute between them has arisen, to redeem his promise of sending the members of his household who wronged their clerks and messengers to make amends to God, the church, and the injured persons (none having done so except the barber), and to seal and send the enclosed commission on behalf of the tenants of the dean's prebend of Wedmore, as he had removed their other grievances, stating that the bishop's official was hindering them from obtaining the fruits of vacant benefices, their right to which the bishop had approved: also to deal with the treasury as with the other dignities of the church, for that they had since the inquisition found another writing sealed by bishop Jocelin touching the same.
R.I. f. 157.
Memorandum that on Tuesday after the Conversion of St. Paul 1321, the houses late of Master Robert de Gloucester, vacant by his death, were granted by the dean and chapter to Matthew Husee canon of Wells. Present in chapter, J.de Godelee dean, Master Thomas de Dylyngtone precentor, Master Thomas de Retford chancellor, Master Richard de Ford treasurer, Henry de Sanwyco
archdeacon of Bath, Michael de Estone succentor, William de Cherleton, Hamelin de Godelee, William de Weston, William de Bourne, Master Richard de Plumstok canons.
R.I. f. 157d
Inspeximus and confirmation by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter, dated Tuesday before Easter 15 Edward II, of an indenture between John bishop of Bath and Wells and Sir Richard de Rodeneye knight, dated 15 April II Edward II, whereby the bishop granted the whole land and pasture called Netherhodech in the manor of Ceddre, and the whole pasture enclosed by Stokelak' in the manor of Westbury, to hold to Sir Richard and the heirs of his body of the bishop and his successors; and in exchange Sir Richard granted to the bishop and his successors 9 acres of meadow in Ceddre meadow whereof 7½ lie in Lousi Mede and 1½ at the Medyate; witnessed by Sir John de Bello Campo of the marsh, Sir Matthew de Clivedon, Sir John de Clivedon knights, William Arthur, John de Draycote of Radlunch, William atte Forde, Richard de Wolphareshulle.
R.I. f. 157d.
Similar inspeximus, the same date, of an indenture between the same parties, also dated 15 April II Edward II, whereby Sir Richard de Rodeneye, as tenant of a moiety of the manor of Stok' Giffard, quitclaimed for himself, his heirs, his homages and tenants of Stok' Giffard, Draycote and Pridie his right of common in the bishop's manors of Woky, Westbury, Pridie, Eston, Dreycote and Cedre by reason of his lands in Stok' Giffard, so that the bishop's ministers might impound all cattle of theirs found therein;and the bishop for himself, his successors and his whole homage in his manors aforesaid, quitclaimed his right of common in the whole manor of Stok' Giffard, in demesne lands, meadows, moors, woods and crofts; winessed by Sir John de Bello Campo of the marsh, Sir John de Clivedon, Sir William Malherbe, Sir Thomas de Gornay, Sir Thomas de Northelode, John de Draycote.
R.I. f. 157d.
Memorandum that on Wednesday xviii kal.May 1302 (sic), J. de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter assembled in the chapter house at the first hour, after ringing the bell, and after conference touching their churches and manors of Lovyngtone, Modeford and Lydiard, resolved to request the dean to take the same for the advantage of the church. Next day in the chapter house assembled at the third hour the dean, precentor, chancellor, succentor, William de Cherleton, William de Weston, Hamelin de Godelee, William de Clopcote and Richard de Plumstok canons, when the churches and manors of Lovyngtone and Modeford were granted to John the dean at a yearly rent of 23l. 6s. 8d., but the dean desired to postpone the matter owing to the absence of certain brethren:next day in the chapter house appeared also the treasurer, the
archdeacon of Bath, William de Borne. Andrew de Drokenesford and Master . . . de Heselschawe, and it was resolved as before.
R.I. f. 158.
Mandate of the dean and chapter to all knights, free tenants and others of the manor of Lovyngton and the churches of Lovyngton and Modiford to be answerable to John de Godelee as their lessee. Dated in the chapter of Wells, 17 April 1322.
R.I. f. 158d.
Grant by the dean and chapter of Wells to John de Godelee of all their lands tenements and churches of Lovyngton and Modyford, to hold for life of them and their successors, at a yearly rent of 23l. 6s. 8d. payable quarterly. Dated in the chapter of Wells, 17 April 1322.
R.I. f. 158d.
Letter of J. de Godele dean of Wells and the chapter to Hervey de Staunton canon of Wells, requesting him to issue a writ against John de Barton the bishop's bailiff and receiver of his liberty of Wells to give them an acquittance for 115s. 1½d. paid him to content a demand of the king's Exchequer, whereof they have his tally, but are nevertheless being distrained by the sheriff of Somerset; also a dedimus potestatem to W. de Bourn or some other canon to act for them before the said Hervey against the said John.
R.I. f. 158d.
Grant of John de Godele dean of Wells and the chapter to William de Cherleton canon of a yearly pension of 10 marks of their common goods so long as he shall be a canon, to be paid at Easter 1324. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xvii kal. August 1322.
R.I. f. 158d.
Letter of the dean and chapter of Wells to the king, in answer to the request made on his behalf by Master Robert de Cantuar'and Master John de Schordich clerks for the loan of 100 marks bequeathed by William de Marchia late bishop of Bath and Wells in aid of the Holy Land, and deposited in the church of Wells until the next general passage thither, stating that the money is in the bishop's hands, but consenting that the king may have it for two years, and praying his bond and indemnity towards the pope and others. Dated Wells in chapter, the morrow of the Assumption.
R.I. f. 159.
Letter of the dean and chapter to John bishop of Bath and Wells, informing him of the king's request and that the messengers, when told that the money was in the bishop's hands, and he must be consulted, angrily pressed for their consent to the loan, wherefore they, not daring to resist, gave their consent as above. Dated Wells in chapter, the morrow of the Assumption.
R.I. f. 159
Inspeximus and confirmation by John de Godele dean of Wells and the chapter, dated 21 November 1322, of a grant made by John bishop of Bath and Wells to John de Aulton (Awelton) his yeoman and Paulina his wife of a tenement in his manor of Banewell, late of William de Banwell deceased, at the former rent; dated Wyvelescoumbe, 10 October 1321.
R.I. f. 159d. (Compare Reg. Drokensford, Somerset Record Soc.i. 193).
Inspeximus and confirmation by the dean and chapter of Wells, dated Tuesday after St. Cuthbert 1322, of a grant made by John de Godelee the dean to William Uppehulle of Schildene. Alice Kyppyng of Cockelake his wife, and Margaret daughter of the said Alice, of a messuage, 5 acres 1 perch of arable land and 7 acres of meadow in Wedmor and Merkeham, which Christina la Riche formerly held in villenage in his manor of Wedmor, and 5½ acres of meadow in Tadham by the Moryete in the manor of Modeslee, to hold of the dean and his successors freely etc. for their lives, at a yearly rent of 10s. 2¼ d. payable quarterly, with warranty; for which the said William and Alice have rendered to the dean's hands a messuage, half a virgate of land and 17½ acres of meadow at Holbrok in the manor of Modeslegh, and 2 acres of meadow in the moor, which they held at will; witnessed by John le Riche, Walter de Farndon, John Peres, Nicholas atte Pulle, Richard the smith (fabro), Richard de Morton, John Manschupe; and dated Wells, Wednesday after St. Gregory Pope 16 Edward II.
R.I. f. 159d.
Letter of credence from John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter, addressed to W. bishop of Exeter the king's treasurer, in favour of their brother William de Bourne, praying a remedy in certain matters which affect them all, and some of them in particular.
R.I. f. 160.
Letter of the dean and chapter of Wells to J. bishop of Bath and Wells as to repeated requests made by the prioress and convent of Kyngton, aviditate feminea, for their assent to the appropriation of the church of Twyverton granted by the bishop, which they are unwilling to give as opposed to the interests of the church, the chapter and the archdeacon, as well as to the canons and the institutes of Oto and Ottobonus; stating that, though they cannot without canonical institution hold a benefice, the nuns have entered the said church, and in spite of the sequestration by
the ordinary, are disposing of the fruits during vacancy; and praying the bishop to revoke the appropriation. Dated Wells in chapter, the morrow of Sunday when misericordia domini is sung.
R.I. f. 160.
Letter of credence from the dean and chapter of Wells, addressed to Sir Hugh le Despenser earl of Winchester in favour of Master John Martel canon of Wells, who will reply to his letter of request for the appropriation of the church of Twyverton to the prioress and convent of Munechynekyngton. (French).
R.I. f. 160d.
Letter of the dean and chapter of Wells appointing John de Jevelton to take the account of their bailiffs, reeves and other ministers. Dated in the chapter of Wells, the Beheading of St. John 17 Edward II. (French).
R.I. f. 160d.
Grant by John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter to William de Cherleton canon of a yearly pension of 10 marks, payable half yearly of their manor of Northcory, to commence at Michaelmas 1323. Dated in the chapter of Wells, xvii kal. August 1322.
R.I. f. 160d.
Mandate (undated) of John Walwayn the king's escheator south of Trent to William de Braybrok not to meddle with the dean and chapter of Wells without special instructions, for that he has received a writ of oster la mayn. (French).
R.I. f. 160d.