Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells: Volume 1. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Writ addressed to the sheriff of Somerset upon a judgment (by default) in the king's court at Westminster in a suit of the dean and chapter of Wells against Robert abbot of Athelnye, Elias Spelly and Richard Brice, directing him to give the dean and chapter seisin of common of pasture in 40 acres of moor called Saltemore held by the said abbot, 40 acres of moor held by the said Elias, and 60 acres of moor held by the said Richard, for them and their men of Northcory for fourscore beasts, without let of John de Alra and Agnes his wife, by virtue of a fine levied at Westminster in a month of St. Hilary 18 Henry III, between Peter dean of Wells and the chapter plaintiffs (by John de Templo their attorney) and John de Alra and Agnes deforciants, of a dike raised
in the said pasture of Saltemore and the enclosure of the plaintiffs' wood of Stokes. Tested by R. Dealk' (Bealknap), Westminster, 23 May 9 Richard II. (Reference to Hilary term last, roll 311.)
R.III f. 41. See below, p 419.
Note that in like manner in Michaelmas term 12 Richard II, before Sir Robert de Cherleton justice of the Common Bench, the dean and chapter recovered (by default) against John Beauchamp of Lillesdon knight their common of pasture for fourscore beasts in 100 acres of the moor of the said John in Saltemore; whereupon a writ was addressed to John Moigne knight sheriff of Somerset, directing him to give them seisin of such common; and the sheriff gave orders accordingly to William Richeman bailiff of the liberty of the bishop of Bath and Wells, and he to the bailiff of the hundred of Northcory and to Thomas Casbrok, and they on the 14 December in the same year gave seisin to Sir Robert de Purle steward of Northcory and attorney of the dean and chapter.
R.III. f. 41d.
Institution by Giles bishop of Salisbury of Geoffrey de Merkysbury chaplain to the vicarage of Bokelond upon the presentation of William de Button canon of Wells and rector of Bokelond, to reside according to the new constitution of Ottobonus; with portions in all oblations from parishioners coming to the said church or the chapels thereto annexed, in the small tithes of free men and villeins of the whole parish, the Glastonbury manor there excepted; the vicar to have a manse with curtilage and meadow adjoining for the maintenance of his horse; but all further tithes, the great tithes and mortuaries, all small tithes of the Glastonbury manor there, the rectory manse and the demesne lands of the church to belong to the rector and his successors: the vicar to perform divine service in the church and chapels, keep safe, clean, and cause to be repaired the books and ornaments of the church, and support his share of the charges ordinary and extraordinary.
R.III. f. 41d.
Ordinance of Walter de London dean of Wells and the chapter, upon the petition of John de Tauestoke vicar of the church of Modeford (to them appropriated) in the diocese of Bath and Wells, reciting that the vicarage consisted of houses and gardens on the south side of the churchyard, tithes of fulling and water mills, vivaries, warrens, parks, gardens, feedings, pastures and woods within the parish, tithes of the young of cows, mares, geese, hens, swine, bees, goats, doves, ducks, swans, peahens, and other animals feeding therein, tithes of fishings, fowlings, huntings, gains of merchandise, and of carpenters, tailors, smiths, websters and brewsters and of the crafts of other parishioners, and goods lawfully acquired, and of their oblations, mortuaries and legacies (the tithes of corn and hay excepted and reserved), and assigning to increase the same 40s. a year more of the proventions of the said church payable half yearly by their farmer to the said John and his successors, who shall find one priest to celebrate and minister in chapels and other places, shall acknowledge all the archdeacon's
charges (his procuration by reason of his visitation excepted), shall find bread, wine and light for divine service, shall keep the books and ornaments of the church, and repair the vicarage houses, the said procuration and other charges resting on the dean and chapter. Dated in the chapter of Wells, vii kal. August 1340.
R.III. f. 42.
Inspeximus and confirmation by John Mohoun lord of Dunsterre, dated Dunsterre 8 April 32 Edward III, and witnessed by John de Ralee, Edward Stradelyng knights, Thomas de Rale, John Roche and Simon Brette, of a quitclaim made by his grandfather John de Mohun knight to John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter and their successors of the lordship of Bikenalre in the town of Stokgomer, with messuages, lands, rents and royalties whatsoever to him belonging when the same was held of him by Richard de Wyndesore or at any time; witnessed by John de Clyvedon, John de Erlee, Hugh de Langlond, Ralph de Fisoure, Simon de Roche, John Brette, John de Derburgh, William de Coumbe, and dated Dunsterre, Sunday after St. John ante Portam Latinam 1330.
R.III. f. 43d.
Indenture of accord, made at Woky on Monday after the Nativity of St. John Baptist 25 Edward III, between Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells and the dean and chapter of Wells on the one part, and Walter abbot of Glastingbure on the other, fixing the boundaries of their lordships between Landsherlegh and Batthyngwere, namely from the ancient bound of Landsherlegh called Aysshenestile by a hedge below the highway which is the boundary between their lordships to the new made barrow by the corner of the wood of the succentor of Wells towards the south, [excluding ?] the succentor's wood in the parish of Pulton; thence to another new barrow southward, which is the chief bound on that side; thence straight to Heortelake bridge, and thence the watercourse called Heortelake shall be the boundary from the said bridge to the bound called Batthyngwere: the part north of the said bounds shall belong wholly to the bishop, saving to the abbot an easement of 20 feet in width by the watercourse between the aforesaid bounds to scour the same, the soil thereof remaining to the bishop, and the bishop having a moiety of the fishery in the said watercourse between the said bounds: the part to the south shall remain wholly to the abbot, as parcel of the manor of Glastingbure, with the other moiety of the fishery: the bishop may raise a weir for taking fish, and the abbot another, where their predecessors used so to do, and the abbot shall have space on the bishop's soil to build or repair the said bridge: none shall be deprived of their common in the places before mentioned by reason of this accord, but shall have the same as before. (French.)
R.III. f. 44.
Indenture of accord made 9 June 1394, between Thomas de Sudburia dean of Wells and the chapter on the one part and John abbot of Athelneye and the convent on the other, upon the intervention of Sir Peter Courtenay knight and others, first that a
yearly rent of 6d. claimed by the dean and chapter for a moor or waste called Priorismore (the locality whereof was in doubt) held of them as of the manor of Northcory shall be paid by the abbot in future, but without liability to suit or fealty by reason thereof other than they were anciently bound to do: also that the abbey tenants of the tithing of Corylode, free or neifs, shall perform the office of tithingman in their turn or when chosen by their neighbours, and shall make presentments in the hundred or court of Northcory: also that the dike dividing Corymormede from a meadow in Lenge called Brademede (the ownership whereof was uncertain) shall belong to the dean and chapter, but it shall be scoured once at Michaelmas next at the joint cost of both parties, and if afterwards the abbot's cattle stray upon Corymor[me]de they shall be driven off and not impounded: also that the soil of a watercourse where the river Tone used to flow, which belonged wholly to the dean and chapter until they diverted the said river and levelled the ancient course with the adjacent meadows, but has since been usurped by the abbey, shall be restored to them, the boundaries beginning on the west at the eastern corner of Coryndonesclos, thence straight along the new dike which shall belong to the dean and chapter eastward to Werehurst, thence northward by a dike of the abbey between Langemede and Werehurst, eastward by the dike between [the latter and] Bathmede, and southward between the abbot's thicket and Werehurst to the end of a four foot dike at Baltismere, as far as the Lenge road, and along the road to the river Tone: also that the abbey and its tenants shall pay to the dean and chapter tithes great and small for ground in Saltmore wholly within the parish of Northcory (the church whereof is appropriated to the dean and chapter) formerly waste, which they have acquired in severalty, whereon the dean and chapter had common, with 13s. 4d. in name of tithe, which the abbey has not paid, and shall find a way for their ministers to collect and carry such tithes to the river Tone; and shall allow them to build a bridge over the river Tone and drive piles to support it on the abbey soil, provided the same be removed when the tithes are collected. Witnesses: Sir Peter Courtenay, Sir John Lorty, Sir Robert Yevelton knights, John Fitelton, Peter Yevelton, John Mountagu, Hugh Caucy.
R.III. ff. 44d.–46d.
Accord between John de Godelegh dean of Wells and the chapter on the one part and John de Cnappe in the hundred of Northcory on the other, whereby John de Cnappe grants to the dean and chapter power to make and scour a watercourse to a new mill from the town of Hamme to Eneheye on his demesne land or any other whereon he has common; also the soil of a road from the town of Hamme to the new mill along the said watercourse, and the soil of a new road from the said new watercourse to old Cnappe mill; also a road 6 feet wide above the pond from the old mill to the head of the old mill pond on the south side, saving to him and his heirs the trees there growing: for which the dean and chapter quitclaim their common of his moor between the great rhine and the road by the said new watercourse, granting him power to enclose and hold the same in severalty, and likewise a piece of land adjacent to his manse, and the said new watercourse. Dated in the chapter of Wells, Monday before the Purification 1316.
In the margin: Composicio inter antecessores Roberti Bolisdon et decanum et capitulum.
R.III. f. 46d.
Indenture of accord, made at Welles the second Monday in Lent 3 Henry IV, between the dean and chapter of Wells on the one part and William Beauchamp lord of a moiety of the manor of Lillesdone and Stathe on the other, whereby the said William disclaims all right in the fishery of the water of Tone belonging to their manor of Northcory (which they had as a several fishery from time immemorial), and in the agistments of the cattle of divers strangers upon the moors of the lordship of Northcory; also the right of cutting and selling or burning palms (spatulas) growing upon the said moors (saving his common rights); and of hunting or fowling within their warren of Northcory without their leave, with bond in 10 marks for observance of the same. Witnesses: Thomas Broke, William Bonvill', Walter Rodenye, Baldwin Malett knights, John Manyford, John Stourton, Thomas Stotwell.
R.III. f. 47.
Indenture made at Welles 1 October 1389, between Master Thomas de Sudburia dean of Wells and the chapter on the one part and John Beauchamp of Lillesdon knight, Richard de Clyvedon (son and heir of Matthew de Clyvedon) and Elias Spelly on the other, reciting that the said John, Elias and Matthew held in common an extensive moor called Saltmore within the parish of Northcory (where the dean and chapter are lords and parsons) whereon the abbot and convent of Athelnye had common for all their cattle, and Richard Brice for his life had common for a certain number with reversion to William Bonville and his heirs; and the said John, Elias and Matthew granted about 180 acres of the said moor to the said abbot and convent in severalty for a release of their common rights in the residue, and about 30 acres to the said William and Richard Brice similarly, after which the said John, Elias and Matthew divided the residue between them (namely a moiety to the said John, a fourth part to Elias, and a fourth part to Matthew); and that afterwards the dean and chapter recovered upon a scire facias in the king's court against the tenants of the several parcels aforesaid pasture for fourscore cattle upon the whole moor at all times of the year by virtue of a fine; in exchange for which right of pasture the said John, Richard and Elias now give to the dean and chapter a yearly rent of 4 marks payable quarterly in proportional parts for a term of 50 years, with power to distrain, and the dean and chapter renounce the said pasture so long as the said rent shall be paid, reserving a right, in case the rent of either of them shall be in arrear, to pasture a proportional number of cattle upon the moor belonging to the defaulter and
upon that belonging to the abbey and to William Bonvill. Witnesses: John Fypayn, John de Rodneye, Thomas Broke, John de Lurtye knights, Frank Scolond (Stolond), Peter de Yvelton, Hugh Caucy.
R.III. f. 48: repeated f. 69.
Rental of Newport.
John atte Brygge messuage and arable land (2 acres); rent 2s.; suit of the court of Niwport: common on all moors etc. of Northcory. Reversion to his son or other right heir, relief 4s. (two years' rent), and the lord shall have custody and marriage of the heir. No payment due for a daughter's marriage; but notice must be given to the bailiff of Newport borough, and by him to the bailiff of Northcory: no heriot or mortuary, because all tenements in the borough were of the lords' demesne, by livery of Sir Robert Berkele their steward. (In margin: now W. Meridon in fee.)
Thomas Hugh, 1 acre with house, 3 perches of meadow, 1 acre of wood: rent 2s. 3d. etc. as above. (Now W. Drugh' in fee.)
Alice Britel 1 acre and 1 acre of meadow: rent 2s. (Now Robert Hopere in fee.)
Robert Curteys 1 acre with house, 1 acre of meadow, 1 acre of wood: rent 2s. 6d. (Now Th. Milis).
John Faber 2 acres with house, 2 acres of meadow: rent 4s. (Now W. Meridon).
Alice Britell 1 acre with house, 1 acre of wood: rent 15d.
Robert Curteys 1 acre, 1 acre meadow, 1 acre wood: rent 2s. 3d.
Simon Ury 1 acre with house, 1 acre wood: rent 15d.
John in the Hurne 2 acres with house, rent 3s. (Now in the chapter's hands: held of them by W. Cibbus).
Robert Shire 1 acre with house, 1 acre of wood: rent 15d.
Robert Martyn 1 acre with house, 1 acre of wood: rent 15d.
Stephen the sutor 1 acre with house: rent 12d.
Cristina Borewold and Alice her sister 1 acre with house, 1 acre of meadow, 1 acre of wood: rent 2s. 3d.
John atte Hurne 2 acres with house, 2 acres of meadow, 1 acre of wood: rent 4s. 3d.
Philip Bouswayn ½ acre with house, ½ acre of meadow, ½ acre of wood: rent 13½d.
John Borewold, as the last.
Robert Shire 1 acre with house: rent 12d.
William le Poyer, as the last.
Robert Russell 2 acres with house, 2 acres of meadow, 1 acre of wood: rent 3s. 6d.
Robert Curteys 1 acre at Twelfacres, as overland, for the lives of himself and his wife according to the custom of the manor of Northcory: rent 3d.
Alice Britel 2 acres at Twelfacres and 1 acre at la Breche similarly for life: rent 9d.
Robert Curteys similarly 2 acres at Twelfacres and 1 acre at la Breche: rent 9d.
Simon Ury similarly 1 acre at Twelfacres: rent 3d.
The said Simon similarly 1 acre at la Medheye: rent 8d. (Now William Lane, for life).
The said Simon similarly 1½ acres in Bouekysheye: rent 18d.
Alice Britell similarly 1½ acres of meadow there: rent 18d.
John Borewold similarly 1 acre at Twelfacres: rent 3d.
The said John similarly 1 piece of land at la Combe: rent 12d. (Now Walter Gurnad for life).
Philip Bouswayn similarly 1 acre at Twelfacres: rent 3d.
Walter Rouk similarly 1 acre there: rent 3d.
Robert Russell similarly 1 acre there: rent 3d.
The said Robert similarly ½ acre there: rent 4d.
The said Robert similarly 1 acre at la Yoldelane: rent 8d.
John Curteys 5 acres of arable and ½ acre of meadow in Gostelond: rent 11d. (Now Walter Estermere for life).
Robert Martyn 5 acres of arable and ½ acre of meadow: rent 11d., and to plough 1 perch of the lord's land every other year in the fields which were formerly of ancient demesne, and reap 1 perch of wheat or oats every year. (Now the said Walter, as above).
Total 48s. 9d. (altered in a later hand to 49s. 9d.)
John le Bole one piece of land of the highway for life by livery of Sir Philip de Odyham steward: rent 6d., and has raised a house thereon.
John Faber one daywork (daynam) of land of the highway for the lives of himself and his wife by livery of Sir Philip: rent 6d., and has raised a smithy thereon.
Total (in the later hand) 50s. 9d.
R.III. ff. 50–52.
Rental of the parsonage, made and examined by Sir Robert de Perle steward, Nicholas Grygory, John Mayhu, John Quyk, Robert Quarme, Thomas Peny and Edmund Huelet tenants, St. Margaret's day 1392.
John Mayhew for 12 acres of land built on, old aster, 4s.
Edmund Huelet 3 acres built on, old aster, 15d.
The said Edmund, 5½acres, overland, 2s. 9d.
John Heruy, 2 acres built on, old aster, 2s.
The relict of Thomas Snaylisham, 6 acres, overland, 4s.
Thomas Peny, 12 acres built on, old aster, 4s.
The said Thomas, 3 acres, overland, 18d.
John Quyk, 12 acres built on, old aster, 4s.
Nicholas Gregory, 4 acres built on, old aster, 4s.
Robert Quarme, 6 acres built on, old aster 4s.
William Marys, 3½acres, overland, 2s.
Richard Peter, 4 acres, overland in Huwich, 2s.
John Mody, 1 acre, overland, 12d.
Walter Hardynge, 1 acre, overland, 12d.
Total 35s. 6d. (sic).
R.III. f. 52.
Indenture of accord made on the vigil of All Saints 1427, between John Forest dean of Wells and the chapter (lords of the manor and hundred of Northcory and rectors of the church there) on the one part and John abbot of the monastery of the Holy Saviour of Athelneye and the convent on the other, whereby the dean and chapter (for that the abbot for the time being is a canon and brother of their church) discharge and release to him the suit they claimed of him at the courts, hundreds and halmotes of Northcory, and the payment of tithes for 9 acres of meadow in the parish of Northcory (6 acres in three closes between the water of Tone and Corylodishill, 1½ acres in Proutesmede, and 1½ acres in Brodemede) wherefrom the abbey claimed to be exempt from time immemorial, saving to them all other tithes within the said parish, and other suits; and grant that the abbot and convent may have a bridge 4 feet wide over their dike, between their close below their court of Westleng and the dean and chapter's moor called Corymor, at the end of a lane which extends southward direct from the said court to the said dike (which it was alleged that the abbey had newly within memory and wrongfully erected), in order to drive their cattle (swine excepted) to the said moor, provided there be a gate or bars to prevent other beasts straying on or off the moor, and any such damages be assessed by the steward and paid by the abbey; and the abbot and convent quitclaim all right in a weir in the water of Tone between the thicket of the abbey at Athelneye and the dean and chapter's moor called Stathmore, and in the fishery in the dean and chapter's water or river of Tone.
R.III. f. 52d.
Custumal of the Tenants of Northcory Church.
Cory.—Simon de Domerham, ½ fardel of land, with messuage, curtilage and meadows: to do the duties of sacrist, and receive certain allowances, gestum at Christmas and medhale next day, with common on the moors etc.
(In margin: Office now held by Robert Hymerford.)
See Somerset Arch. and Nat. Hist. Soc. xx, Suppl. p. 67.
MURIDEN:—John de Muridene, a messuage with curtilage, 1 fardel of land with meadow: gavel rent 3s., 1d. of St. Peter on August 1, 3d. for morryght etc.: to reap, mow etc., and have corrody etc., gestum at Christmas and medale on St. Stephen's day, common on the moors etc.: to serve as reeve or berebrittus if chosen: nec debet filiam suam sine licencia domini maritare licet adventicius, quia dum teneat servilem tenuram erit servilis condicionis, nec filios suos ad litteraturam ponend' et ordinand' sine licencia racione qua prius.
Ibid., p. 68.
Robert le Fhisshere, a messuage, ½ fardel of land with meadow: gavel 2s., St. Peter 1d., churset 4 hens and a cock, for every pig killed ½d.: services as the last.
Richard Artur, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s., services as before.
Walter Smale, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s., St. Peter 1d., churset 2 bushels of wheat, services as before.
Walter Montayn, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., moreryght 3d., churset 4 hens and a cock, services as before.
William Draycote, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 20d., services as before.
Maud Trosseloue, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., churset 4 hens and a cock, services as before.
Cory.—Thomas Simond, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 3s. 4d., services as before. (Margin: Now William Weel.)
Robert Cog, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., services as before. (Now W. Roket.)
Joan Poer, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s., moreryght 1d., services as before. (Now J. Gale.)
Gilbert Portifer, messuage and 1½ farde1: gavel 20d., moreright 2d., services as before. (Now J. Fox.)
William Dobyn, messuage and curtilage (½ acre): gavel 3s., services as above. (William Meltun.)
William de Bikenhull, messuage and ½ virgate with wood and meadow adjacent: gavel 5s., St. Peter 1d., lesesilver at Midsummer 1d., wood gavel 9d., services as before. (Lustok.)
Roger Corteys, messuage and 1 fardel, with wood etc.: gavel 4s. 2d., St. Peter 1d., lesesilver 1d., wood gavel 9d., churset 2 bushels of wheat, services as before.
William Beaufere, messuage and 1 fardel, with wood etc.: gavel 3s., St. Peter 1d., lesesilver 1d., wood gavel 9d., churset 2 bushels of wheat, services as before.
John atte Bergh, messuage and 1 fardel, with wood etc.: gavel 2s. 6d., St. Peter 1d., lesesilver 1d., wood gavel 9d., services as before.
Philip de Lustok, messuage and 1 fardel, with wood etc.: gavel 3s., lesesilver 1d., wood gavel 9d., churset 2 bushels of wheat, services as before.
John le Palmere, messuage and 1 fardel, with wood etc.: gavel 2s. 10d., lesesilver 1d., woodgavel 9d., services as before.
HILLOND.—John Loue, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., services as before.
Alice Alward, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 5s., St. Peter 1d., moreryth 1d., churset 4 hens and a cock, services as before.
William Springod, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s., St. Peter 1d., moreryght 2d., churset 2 bushels of wheat, services as before.
John Margerie, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., churset 4 hens and a cock, services as before.
Christina Coterel, messuage and ½3 fardel: gavel 2s, services as before.
Maud relict of Richard Osegod, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., services as before.
Richard Daniolde, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., St. Peter 1d., morright 1d., churset 4 hens and a cock, services as before.
Richard and John Gente, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s., St. Peter 1d., moreright 2d., services as before: heriot on the decease of either.
John Nyweman, messuage and ½ fardel: gavel 2s., St. Peter 1d., churset 4 hens and a cock, services as before.
William atte Mere, messuage and 1 fardel: gavel 3s., St. Peter 1d., moreright 2d., churset 2 bushels of wheat, services and dues as John de Muriden, but he shall mow the first swathe the length of the meadow and no more, and afterwards be overseer of the mowers.
CORY.—Robert Cosyn, messuage and 1 acre: gavel 12d.: to come to Brodemede and toss the hay behind the mowers as long as they are mowing, other services and dues as before.
Lucy Dobyn, messuage and ½ acre: gavel 2s., services as the last.
Simon le Schippere, messuage and ½ acre: gavel 2s., services as Muriden, except mowing.
John le Schippere, messuage and ½ acre: gavel 8d., services as the last.
MURIDEN.—Robert Copyner, messuage and 1 acre: gavel 2s., services as the last.
Richard le Noreys, messuage and ½ acre: gavel 2s., services as the last.
John de Draycote and Nicholas le Fysshere, messuage and 1½ acres: gavel 2s., services as the last.
Mazelina Baret, messuage and 1½ acres: gavel 2s., services as the last.
Joan the laundress, messuage and ½ acre: gavel 2s., services as the last.
Geoffrey Baret, messuage and ½ acre: gavel 8d., services as the last. Also a piece of land by his curtilage: 9d. for all services.
Gilbert Coppyng', messuage and 4 acres with meadow: gavel 2s.: services as Cosyn, but has fined to be released during his life, and pays for gavel 3s. having common, gestum, and medale as Muriden: heriot after his disease.
STOK'.—Maud Brounesmyth, messuage and 1 acre: gavel 2s., services as Muriden, except mowing.
LILLESDON.—Simon Ory, messuage and 1 fardel at Lillesdon: gavel 3s., services as Muriden. Memorandum that this is not of the tenure of the men of the church, but the dean and chapter had it of the gift of the lords of Lillesdone.
Memorandum that none of the homage aforesaid, unless free, may have more than one cotsetle: if he has more, the lord shall have for all save one 6d. apiece.
Memorandum that upon the decease of a neif the younger son shall succeed to his father's tenement, according to the custom of the manor, in preference to any other, if he have a right thereto, provided he content the lord for his entry at the will of the lord.
Custumal of the lands and tenements of the homage of the king's ancient demesne, made 1314 by oath of William Hughet, John atte Hurne, John Paerl, Robert atte Mere, Roger atte Wode, William de Mere, John Artur, Richard le Wyte, Robert Uppehulle and Thomas de Estmere, chosen by the said homage.
John de Cnappe and Margaret his wife, Adam le Henr' and Margery his wife and their tenants, 2½ virgates with messuages, curtilages, gardens, woods, pastures and meadows adjoining: the said John is the king's bailiff in the hundred of Northcory, receives and executes his writs, and returns them by William Colne, Richard le Frye, and the heirs of Walter le Frensche: of every prisoner in the Stochouse he shall have 4d. or his outer garment, of every man or knave of the out hundred entering in an assize his hundred penny; also his gestum at Christmas with two others, namely two white loaves, as much beer as they will drink in the day, a mess of beef and of bacon with mustard, one of browis of hen, and a cheese, fuel to cook his food and that of the other tenants of the king's ancient demesne, and to burn from dinner time till even and afterwards, and two candles of assize to burn out while they sit and drink one after the other if they will sit so long, and if he come not he may send three men in his stead, or send for the bread, beef and bacon and two gallons of beer; and the next day immediately after noon his medale with one man, as much beer as he will drink till even; also common for all manner of his beasts on all common moors in the hundred of Northcory quit of herbage: to do suit to the hundred court twice a year, and at any court when there be a plea upon the king's writ, or judgments be in suspense for lack of suitors, and at gaol deliveries: heriot at his decease, his best beast.
William Colne, ½ virgate, messuage etc.: rent 1lb. of cumin at Michaelmas: he shall carry the king's writs addressed to the said hundredman anywhere within the county at his own cost or without the county at the king's cost: suit of court, gestum, medale, common and heriot as the last.
Richard le Frye, ½ virgate, messuage etc.: as the last, save that he pays no rent.
John de la Sloo, at la Sloo and Northcory, 6½ fardels, with messuage, woods etc.: gavel 11s. 8d.: suit of court, gestum, medale, common and heriot as before. (Margin: Marg' Sloo).
Thomas de Mere, 1½ virgates, messuage, woods, etc.: gavel 12s.: to come to Kyngesmede wearing white gloves with a white wand as overseer of the mowers, and those that toss the hay behind them: suit of court etc. as before, and further at his gestum one capon to be served with his browis. (In the lord's hands: therefore has no gestum).
Simon de Domerham and Ascelin his wife, ¼ of 3 fardels, messuage, woods etc.: gavel 19½d., to come to Kyngesmede as the last: the rest as before. (Peter Jevelton).
Philip Yreys, ¼ of 3 fardels, messuage, woods etc.: gavel 19½d.; suit of court and common as above: no gestum. (Now W. Walsch.)
Dru and Lucy relict of John Dru, ¼ of 3 fardels, messuage, woods etc.: gavel 19½d. etc., as the last.
Richard the carpenter, 6 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow: rent 6d.: no gestum.
Gilbert Coppyng', ½ fardel and meadow at Babbeclyve, with messuage adjoining in Lenge, belonging to the chantry of St. Mary's chapel at Northcory: gavel 2s. 6d.: gestum, medale and common as before: suit at the hundred court on two law days.
William Gyayn, 3 fardels, messuage etc.: gavel 12s. 8d.: shall have 6 loads of alder a year for housebote and heybote in Stathmore by charter: gestum, medale, common, suit of court and heriot as before. (Gestum void, because in the lord's hands).
John Muriden, 3 fardels, messuage etc.: gavel 20s.: suit of court gestum, medale, common, and heriot as before. (Robert Hymerford tenant).
The said John de Muriden, ½ fardel and meadow at Babbeclyve, with messuage adjoining at Lenge: gavel 2s. 6d.: suit of court, gestum, medale and common as before. (Now Robert Hymerford).
Hugh de la Hele, 3 fardels, messuage etc.: gavel 11s. 1d.: suit of court, gestum, medale, common and heriot as before. Now in the lord's hand, except dower which Alice atte Hele has. (Gestum void).
Tenants in Villenage in Northcory.
Robert de la Chaumbre, ½ virgate of land, with messuage, curtilage, and meadows adjoining: gavel 4s.: to plough and harrow ½ acre for winter sowing, and ½ acre for oats (value each ploughing 2d., each harrowing ½d.); to come to Kyngesmede with his rod as overseer of the mowers and haymakers 2 days (value 2d.), and to the lord's court as overseer of the rickmakers, and have that day his meat and drink with the bailiff: to reap and bind ½ acre of wheat and ½ acre of oats in the king's demesne fields of Cnolleforlang, Merehulle and Baccumbe (value 2d. each): to act as reeve
and berebrittus when chosen; when reeve to be quit of gavel and work, have his meat and drink, and his draught horse to hay in winter in the lord's stable and in summer at pasture with the lord's plough horse, and when berebrittus likewise (except his horse in stable and pasture): to go with the free men to make views within the hundred: not to marry his daughter without contenting the lord, nor put his son to learning without licence: common as the hundredman: if impleaded for his tenement judgment shall be given by his peers as in another plea: gestum and medale as before: heriot his best beast, if no beast the best acre of land sown, if none no heriot; and the relict shall hold his tenement for life without a fine.
John atte Hume, 3 fardels, messuage etc.: gavel 4s.: ploughing and harrowing as before; to thresh and winnow one bushel of seed corn and two bushels of oats (value ¼d. each) and one bushel of corn for the gestum: to come to Kyngesmede with his neighbours to toss, turn and lift the hay till the rick be made, and find one man, one wain, two oxen, one fork and one cartrope for carrying the same to the barton (value 2d.): to reap, bind and stack ½ acre of wheat (value 2d.), and ½ acre of oats value 2d., finding one man etc. (as above) for one day to carry two loads to the lord's grange at Cory, and have for himself and his fellows one sheaf made with a band long enough to go twice round the reeve's head, and likewise with two loads of oats, and he may unyoke his oxen in the meadow or fields aforesaid till the wain be filled: he may put his sons to learning and marry his daughters without licence: to serve as reeve or berebrittus, and have common, gestum and medale as before: heriot as the last.
William Fraunkeleyn, ½ virgate and ½ fardel, messuage etc.: gavel 4s.: the rest as the last, but no threshing for the gestum, and no carrying, only to find one man and two oxen to yoke to the said John's wain, taking his share of the said sheaf.
Roger atte Venne, 1½ fardels, messuage etc.: gavel 3s.: to plough and harrow 1 perch for wheat and 1 perch for oats (value of ploughing 1d., harrowing ¼d.), and thresh seed for the same, namely ½ bushel of wheat and 1 bushel of oats, also 1 bushel of wheat for the gestum: to come with one man to Kyngesmede to mow (value 1d.), to turn and lift until the rick be made (value 1d.), and find one man and two oxen to yoke to the wain of John atte Hurne for carrying, hay (value 1d.): to reap, bind and stack ½ acre of wheat for one day, and ½ acre of oats for one day (value 2d. each), and find one man and two oxen to yoke to the wain of John atte Hurne (value 1d.) and take his share of the sheaf: he must go with the free men to make views; if he marry his daughter without or within the hundred he shall acquit her towards the lord as Richard atte Chaumbre (non sine licentia: margin), and may put his son to learning: to be reeve or berebrittius as before,
and have common, gestum, and medale: if impleaded in the lord's court judgment shall be given by his peers: heriot and widow's right as before.
William Edwyne, 1½ fardels, messuage etc.: gavel 3s.: to fetch the lord's corrody and the steward's from Tanton, Ilemynystre and Langport when he comes to Northcory, and sup in the lord's court with other servants on his return: to come to Kyngesmede with one man and toss behind the mowers (value 1d.): other services and customs as before, but he shall not mow, nor go with the free men to views, and may marry his daughters without licence: further to find one house to keep prisoners in when required.
William Brygge (Roger Bat, written above), 1 fardel, messuage etc.: gavel 20d.: to plough and harrow 1 perch for winter wheat and 1 perch for oats, and thresh and winnow seed for the same, also one bushel of wheat for the gestum: to come to Kyngesmede with one man to toss behind the mowers (value ½d.), to turn and lift (value 1d.), and to the lord's court with one man to make the winter rick: to reap, bind and stack ½ acre of wheat one day, and ½ acre of oats another day in the king's fields, also with one man one day to the lord's grange to stack the wheat carried by the tenants of the king's ancient demesne from the king's fields (two loads in each man's wain), and take one sheaf, and to stack oats one day likewise: to fetch the corrody as the last: he may put his sons to learning, but not marry his daughters save as before: to be reeve or berebruttus as before: suit at the hundred and halmote courts as before: common, gestum and medale as before, but he must bring with him to the gestum his own cloth, cup and trencher, and take away all that is left on his cloth, and shall have for himself and his neighbours one wastel cut in three for the ancient Christmas game to be played with the said wastel: if impleaded in the lord's court on a plea of land judgment shall be given by 12 jurors as before: heriot and widow's right as before.
William Paerl, 1 fardel, messuage etc.: gavel 3s.: may marry his daughters without licence: the rest as Roger Bat, but gestum as John de Cnappe.
Stephen de Cory, 1 fardel, messuage etc.: gavel 20d.: may marry his daughters without licence: the rest as Roger Bat, but no ploughing, harrowing, threshing or winnowing.
William and N. sons of John atte Hurne, 1 fardel, messuage etc.: to make shares for two ploughs of the lord's iron and charcoal, and shoes for the fore feet of one plough horse, and have his sulghmete, namely 1 bushel of corn a year: have fined with the lord for release of the said labour for their lives, paying 2s. 6d. yearly gavel: may marry their daughters without licence as above: to be reeve or berebruttus as before: common, gestum and medale as before: if impleaded for their tenements judgment to be given by 12 jurors as before: heriot as before, and widow's right to the wife of William.
William atte Berghe, 1 fardel, messuage etc.: gavel 2s.: services and customs as Roger Bat, but only to reap 1 perch of wheat and 1 perch of oats: may marry his daughters without licence: must go with the free men to views.
R.III. ff. 60–63.