Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Dean and Chapter of Wells: Volume 1. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.
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Letters patent of King Edward [I], being a licence in mortmain to Hamelin de Godele (in consideration of a fine before W. bishop of Coventry and Lichfield the treasurer) to grant to the dean and chapter of Wells his manor of Knappe, and to the said dean and chapter to acquire and hold the same. Tested at Lanercost, 22 January 35 Edward I.
R.III. f. 81: repeated f. 406. Pat. Cal. p. 489.
Charter of King Henry [II] giving to Gilbert de Norfolc 8 librates of land in the king's manor of Northcory (in exchange for his land
of Parva Whiteham which the king has given to the brethren of Chartosa), to hold of Gilbert Malet by the same service as the said land of Witeham, namely 6 virgates in demesne for 42s.; Wolward and Merwold with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d.; John, Richard, Garmund and Selebrith with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d.; Esegar and John with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d.; widow Edel with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d.; widow Eva, Ailward and Aldwyn with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d., in the same town: at Humma, Thudric, Martin and Ordric Galet with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d.; Randolph de la Hille, Richard and Bald' with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d.; Hurdith and Robert Vela with 1 virgate for 12s. 4d.; 4 denarates of land, and Swein Vela with ½ virgate and 5 acres for 6s. 9½d.: Edwy Borgeis with 1 ferling and 4 denarates of land for 28d.; Osmar with 1 ferling for 2s.; and William son of Martin with 3 ferlings for 4s. 7½d.: at Cury, Richard son of Randolph with 1 ferling for 3s.; Richard Whita with 1 ferling for 2s.; the wood from the head of Nicol's two acres to the oven of Walter son of Nicholas on the west side, and a moiety of Ridmedmore on the west side, to make up the aforesaid 8 librates. Witnesses: Richard bishop of Winchester, Geoffrey bishop of Ely, Sefride bishop of Chichester, Herbard archdeacon of Canterbury, Earl William de Mandeville, William de Aubeigni earl of Sussex, Randolph de Glanvyll, Patrick de Chaworc', Ralph son of Stephen the chamberlain, William de Scuteville (sic), Robert de Scuteville (sic), Gilbert Pipard, Robert son of Bernard, Thomas son of Bernard, William de Moiun, William son of Ald', Geoffrey de Say, William Ruffus. Dated at Waltham.
R. III. f, 81d.
Gift by Walter de Cadamo to John de Godelee of the Tent and service of Robert le Bren and Cristina his wife, Walter Tonere and Clarice his wife, Alan Abbot, William Hughete, Hugh atte Hele, Richard atte Well, Hugh Caucy, Richard Bussell, John atte Knappe, Roger de Wottone and Joan his wife, and Cristina de Helnaked for lands held by them in the manor of Knappe, and all that may accrue by their decease, with warranty. Witnesses: Sir John Derlee, Sir Robert de Sancto Claro, Sir Gilbert de Bere, Sir Hugh de Popham, Sir William de Wygebere knights, Robert Guyen, John de la Slou, Robert de Irreys (sic), Thomas de Mere. Dated Winchester, 5 May 34 Edward I.
R.III. f. 82.
Gift by Walter de Cadamo (son and heir of Richard de Cadamo of county Norfolk) to Sir John de Godelee of all his lands and tenements in la Knappe county Somerset, with rents and services of freemen and villeins etc. and the reversion of lands held by William Hughet and Emma his daughter, John de la Knappe and Margaret his wife, Roger de Wottone and Joan his wife, Richard de la Welle and his son, Cristiana late the wife of Adam de la More, Walter Toner and Clarice his wife, and other tenants for life, with warranty. Witnesses: Sir John Derlee, Sir Robert de Sancto Claro, Sir Gilbert de Bere, Sir Hugh de Popham, Sir
William de Wygebere knights, Robert Guyen, John de la Slou, Robert de Irreis (sic), Thomas de Mere.
R.III. f. 82d.
Sale by Walter de Cadamo (son and heir of Richard de Cadamo) to Sir John de Godelee of all his goods moveable and immovable in the manor of la Knappe for 100 marks. Dated Winchester, 5 May 34 Edward I.
R.III. f. 82d.
Letter of attorney by Walter de Cadamo (sou and heir of Richard de Cadamo) to Hugh de la Hele and John de la Knappe, to give seisin to Sir John de Godelegh or his attorney of all his lands and tenements in the manor of Knappe. Dated Winchester, 5 May 34 Edward I.
R.III. f. 82d.
Perambulation of Menedep forest, made before Malcoin (Malcolin) de Harleigh and John de Crokesleghe assigned by the king, and Geoffrey de Wrokeshale and Hugh de Popham knights of the county associated with them, in presence of Peter de Hamme deputy of Mabina (sic) Pecche the forester in fee, Philip le Ireys and Robert de Marisco verderers, 10 May 26 Edward [I], by oath of Thomas de Gornay, Lawrence de Hamelden, Robert de Panes, Thomas de Bause, Bartholomew Peytevyn knights, Henry de Lutleton, William de Sancto Laudo, John de Buteler (sic), John de Wyttukesmede, Roger de Shokerwyk, Hugh Malherbe and Edmund Husee.
R.III. f. 83. (See Collinson's Hist. Somerset, iii. 58. In this text the following variations may be noted: the Moreheghes of Axebrugg: Churchull, for Churchford: "the town of Obbeleigh which Richard Ameray holds, and the town of Cumpton Martyn which Roger Wake holds." Adam de Domerham, i. 194).
R.III. ff. 83d., 84. (See Collinson, iii. 56: but for Trencham-mouth read Trencheham Montis: for Kyngessecke Kyngessetle: for Forshefe Forshete: for Litteford Lilleford: and the list of towns outside the forest continues, after Norton, "Leghe held by John de Boys, Cherleton by John de Fereres, Barwe by the prior of Staverdale, Northstoke by Eleanor Louel, Estrepe by John Hurschal, Henegrove by Elizabeth de Clyvedone, Ryngwode by John de Carivile." Adam de Domerham, i. 184).
R.III. f. 84d. (See Collinson, iii. 59: adding these jurors, William Ruffrigeray, Robert de la Fenne, John de Bykefaud, and for Lantoke Walter de Cauntok: for Gateneberghe read Tateneberghe: for Reylia Reysia: and for Sabina Hayrun and Athelina read Sabina Pecche, Hayrun and Athelina. Adam de Domerham, i. 198).
R.III. f. 85. (See Collinson, iii. 57: adding these jurors, William de Ruffrigeray, Robert de la Fenne, Simon Michell, and for Rayng, John de Rayny: for Sotwode read Sortwode, and for Uniret Viueret. Adam de Domerham, i. 188).
R.III. ff. 85d., 86. (See Collinson, iii. 57, but reading for Wrotesleigh John de Crokeslegh: for Hockleston Hokdeston: "the towns of Dovery and Estloccom held by John Loccuni, the town of Leghe Wodecok by Baldric de Nonyngton": for Broggelesnole Boggedehole: for Honeceteholne and Broford Honecote Holne and Broford: for Dunneray Dunnecray: for de Torthe le Tort': and for Brutenesworthy Brightenesworthy. Adam de Dornerham, i. 190. See also E. J. Rawle, Annals of Exmoor, 43—47.)
Gift by Walter Caam lord of Cnappe to William atte Ferthyng, Sarah, and Joan his daughter (sic), of 4 acres of arable land and 1 acre of meadow adjacent in Chaldewill in Cnappe by Northcory county Somerset, between land of John Uppehille and of Walter Uppehille and lengthwise from the way from Cnappe to Hamme southward to the meadow called Langemede, to hold for their lives at the yearly rent of 1d. for all demands saving suit of court at Knappe upon summons, with warranty, in consideration of 100s. paid by the said William and Joan. Witnesses: Thomas de Mere, Hugh de la Hele, William Hughet, Robert le Yreys, William de Myrydone, Thomas de Boclaunde, John Uppehille of Cnappe.
R.III. f. 86d.
Gift by William atte Ferthyng of Cnappe to John de Godelee dean of Wells and the chapter of two messuages with curtilages, 1 ferling and 10 acres of land, and 3 acres of meadow in Cnappe in the manor of Northcory, namely one messuage, 5 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow which Walter de la Welle held in villenage of Walter de Caam formerly lord of Cnappe, that messuage and ferling of land with meadow adjacent which Tunnilda (sic) who was wife of Roger le White formerly held in villenage of Walter Caam, 4 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow in Chaldewell extending from the way from Knappe to Hamme southward to Langmede, and 1 acre of land at Thilkethorne and 1 acre of meadow in Knappemede which Robert son of Gilbert atte Welle formerly held, (all of the grant of the said Walter de Caam,) with warranty. Witnesses: Robert Gyan, Thomas de Mere, Richard de Fonte, John de la Slo, John de Knappe, William Hughet.
R.III. f. 87.
Quitclaim by Joan daughter of William de la Ferthyng to John de Godelegh dean of Wells and the chapter of 4 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow formerly purchased by her of Walter de Caam at Chaldewell. Dated Northcory, Friday before St. Leonard 10 Edward II. Witnesses: Master Hugh Pencriz, William de Bourne canons of Wells, Sir William de Westbury steward, Master William Barton clerk, John de Knappe, Simon de Welesford, William de Hynelond.
R.III. f. 87d.
Pokelchyrche (ff. 89–96d.).
Bull of Pope Boniface [IX], upon a petition of the dean and chapter of Wells, appropriating the parish church of Pokulchurche in the diocese of Worcester, after the decease or cession of the then rector, to the charges of the chapter table, the revenues whereof are estimated not to exceed 880 marks, saving a portion for a perpetual vicar there. Dated St. Peter's Rome, vi id. May 7 Pope Boniface.
Proxy by Thomas de Byngham subdean and president of Wells and the chapter, in the dean's absence, to Sir Thomas Nywman vicar in the church of Wells and John Wycombe clerk notary public to act for them in all causes. Dated the chapter house Wells, 3 December 1395.
R.III. f. 91d.
Ordinance of Ralph de Ergham bishop of Bath and Wells founding, by consent of his chapters, in honour of the Virgin Mary, St. Peter, St. Paul, St. Andrew and All Saints, a chantry at the altar of St. Edmund in the nave of Wells for a chaplain (not vicar of Wells nor elsewhere preferred), to be appointed by himself during his life and afterwards by the chapter, to celebrate mass immediately after the morning mass for King Richard, John duke of Lancaster, the said bishop, Gilbert de Ergham and Agnes his wife (deceased) and Agnes Rabas (deceased) sister of the said bishop: in default of appointment the bishop to collate, and in default of the bishop the archbishop: the chaplain to wear the habit of a vicar at his own cost, to take yearly for his salary from the dean and chapter 4l. of the revenues of the church of Pokulchirche in the diocese of Worcester, payable at St. Jerome, the Circumcision, the Annunciation and Midsummer: the books, chalices, ornaments, bread, wine and wax to be found by the dean and chapter: the chaplain to be punished if he omit his service once, and if for 8 days to be removed: the full office of the dead for the aforesaid persons to be yearly sung in the choir with solemn sounding of the gongs on St. Nicholas' day during the said bishop's life and afterwards on the day of his death, and the mass thereof on the morrow, as for founders and bishops of the said church, and 8d. to be paid to every canon then present, and 4d. to every vicar and to the said chaplain if present, of the revenues of the said church, but if by reason of war, pestilence or other calamity such revenues be found insufficient these payments to be reduced, provided the fact be ascertained by inquisition on oath, and if the church of Pokulchyrche be taken from the dean and chapter, the same to cease. Dated Wyvelescombe, 20 January 1398.
Assent of Thomas de Byngham subdean and president of Wells (in the absence of Nicholas Slake the dean) and the chapter to the above foundation, with bond for their observance of the same. Dated the chapter house Wells, 18 February the same year.
Gift by Ralph Erghum bishop of Bath and Wells, by licence of King Richard, to the dean and chapter of Wells, of the advowson of Pokulchyrche. Witnesses: William Calf, John Podmor, Roger Walsh. Dated Banewell, 2 November 20 Richard II.
R.III. f. 93.
Proxy by the chapter of Wells, in the dean's absence, upon the appropriation to them of the church of Pokulchyrche in the diocese of Worcester, to Master Richard Harewell canon of Wells and Sir William Hope chaplain a vicar thereof, to treat with Tideman bishop of Worcester touching the indemnification of the said bishop by reason of such appropriation. Dated the chapter house Wells, 2 June 1397.
R.III. f. 93.
Bond of the dean and chapter of Wells, (reciting that, in accordance with letters of Pope Boniface IX appropriating, with the consent of Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells the patron, to them and to their table the church of Pokulchyrche in the diocese of Worcester with the chapels of Westerleigh and Abboteston, and by licence of King Richard founder and patron of their church, they have taken possession of the said church of Pokulchyrche, void by the death of Sir Walter Hethenand the last rector,) for payment of a yearly pension of 6s. 8d, granted by them to Tydeman bishop of Worcester for his indemnification by reason of such appropriation and to his successors for ever, payable at Michaelmas in the aforesaid church. Sealed in the chapter house Wells, 20 June 1397.
R.III. f. 93d.
Similar bond, sealed at Helyngdon, 24 June 1397.
Confirmation by Tidiman bishop of Worcester of the appropriation made by Pope Boniface IX of the church of Pokulchyrche in that diocese to the table of the canons of Wells, reserving a portion for a vicarage. Dated Helyngdon, 30 June 1397.
R.III. f. 94.
Declaration by Nicholas More clerk of the diocese of Wells, notary public, that on 12 November 1396 in his presence, Master Richard Harewell and Master Richard Bruton canons of Wells, professing themselves to be proctors of the dean and chapter, being in the porch of the church of Pokulchirche, the said Master Richard Bruton, by authority of a bull of Pope Boniface IX touching the appropriation of the said church to the said dean and chapter, and of letters under the great seal of King Richard (both of which he inspected), opened the door of the said church, and entered therein, with Richard Harewell the said notary and the witnesses, and advancing to the high altar took possession of the church in the name of the dean and chapter, and in sign thereof took in their hands the books, missals, chalices and ornaments of the church, rang or caused to be rung the church bells, and
remaining in the chancel while high mass was celebrated caused the said papal and royal letters to be published, and their effect to be declared before a great concourse of people in the vulgar tongue, and on the same day entered and took possession of the rectory manse: and after on the 13 November held a court of the church tenants in the hall of the said rectory, who appeared before the said proctors and acknowledging the said dean and chapter for their lords, gave their oaths of fealty: copy of the bull aforesaid (as above, f. 91, p. 356), and of letters patent of King Richard, tested at Westminster 24 September 20 Richard II, being a licence in mortmain, in consideration of 40l. paid by the dean and chapter, to Ralph bishop of Bath and Wells to grant to the dean and chapter the advowson of Pokulchyrch, and to the dean and chapter to take and hold the same, and to appropriate and hold the church, with a proviso for the vicar's portion. In presence of Sir Thomas Cycampton, Thomas Berton and Thomas Lupeyate of the dioceses of Wells, Ely and Worcester.
R.III. f 94d., 95.
Confirmation by John prior of St. Mary Worcester and the chapter, dated the chapter house Worcester, 1 April 1401, of the agreement made by the dean and chapter of Wells for the indemnification of the bishop of Worcester by reason of the appropriation of the church of Pokulchirch with the chapels of Westerlegh and Abboteston, reciting their bond dated Helyngdon, 24 June 1397 (as above, f. 93d., p. 357).
R.III. f. 96.
Bond of the dean and chapter of Wells to the prior and chapter of the cathedral church of St. Mary Worcester for payment of an annuity of 3s. 4d. payable at Michaelmas, and in case of vacancy of that see 3s. 4d. additional, in recompense for the emoluments they should receive during a vacancy of the see from the church of Pokulchirch, which was appropriated to the said dean and chapter by Pope Boniface IX, by licence of King Richard II and consent of bishop Tydiman, confirmed by the said prior and chapter, to be null and void should the said church be taken from them. Dated the chapter house Wells, 6 April 1401: the chapter house Worcester, 12 April the same year.
R.III. f. 96d.
The Manor of Wynescumbe (ff. 97–104).
Institution by Joscelin bishop of Bath of the dean and chapter of Wells as parson of the church of Wynescumbe, upon the resignation of Walter de Cusington canon of Wells, in pursuance of his grant of the manor and church aforesaid (when vacant) to the church of Wells made at the dedication thereof, and induction of the said dean and chapter in the person of William de Button archdeacon of Wells, saving a perpetual vicarage to be assessed by the said bishop or his successors to the value of 5 marks, to which the dean and chapter shall present, saving also the bishop's
dignity, power and jurisdiction, and the archdeacon's right, in recompense whereof the usual synodals shall be doubled. Dated Wells, St. Hilary 1241.
R.III. f. 97.
Writing of Joscelin bishop of Bath, reciting the institution and induction of the dean and chapter of Wells to the church of Wynescumbe (as above), and embodying a grant made by the said dean and chapter to Walter de Cosington for life for his maintenance (for that in resigning the said church he preferred the common good to his own advantage) of the emoluments, fruits and obventions of their churches of Modiford and Luvyngton (belonging to their common fund) and their lands at Luvyngton in name of a single benefice without cure of souls, the dean and chapter (by the vicar) supporting all ordinary charges in Mudiford except the archdeacon's procuration, but in Luvyngton only the repair of the chancel, books and ornaments, and retaining possession by the said Walter as their proctor: the said Walter to leave the church houses as he found them, but the cost of any improvements to be refunded to him. Dated Wells, St. Hilary 1241.
R.III. f. 97.
Inspeximus and confirmation by Roger bishop of Bath, dated Chyu vii id. January in the first year of his episcopate, (by the hand of Master Richard Haldeswrth,) of a grant made by John dean of Wells and the chapter, with consent of bishop Joscelin, to Walter de Cusington canon of Wells for life, of the emoluments of their churches of Mudiford and Luvington with their lands at Luvington as a single benefice without cure of souls, with bond to make up any damages the said Walter might incur by the loss of such emoluments without fault of his own, pledging for that purpose the fruits and obventions of their church of Cheddre and all their goods there: dated Wells, St. Hilary 1241.
R.III. f. 97d.
Inspeximus and confirmation by Roger bishop of Bath, dated Chyu vii id. January in the first year of his episcopate, (by Master Richard de Haldeswrth,) of the above writing of Joscelin bishop of Bath, reciting the institution and induction of the dean and chapter of Wells to the church of Wynescumbe, and embodying the grant made by the said dean and chapter to Walter de Cusington for life of the emoluments of their churches of Mudiford and Luvington with their lands at Luvington; dated Wells, St. Hilary 1241.
R.III. f. 98d.
Gift by Joscelin bishop of Bath to the church of Wells at its dedication, and to the dean and chapter, of the manor and church of Wynescumb. Dated 1239.
R.III. f. 99. See R.I. f. 50d.; above, p. 59, No. elxxxxix.
Charter of King Henry [III] granting to Joscelin bishop of Bath and his successors the manors of Wynescumbe, Pukeleschurch,
Blacford and Cranmere, quittance of the suit which the last mentioned manor used to do to the hundred of the monks of Glastonbury, that portion of the knights belonging to the fees and lands aforesaid, the fee and service of one knight in Camelarton, the advowsons of Aissebiry, Cristemaleford, Kyngton, Bokeland and Camelarton, all which remained to the said bishop by a concord between him and Eustace prior of Glastonbury and the convent, made by mediation of R. bishop of Salisbury and S. late abbot of Radinge. Witnesses: Eustace bishop of London and others named. Dated Westminster, 22 January 11 Henry [III].
R.III. f. 99d. (Charter Rolls, Cal. p. 1).
Grant by William bishop of Bath and Wells, that whereas the dean and chapter of Wells hold of the gift of his predecessor Joscelin bishop of Bath the manor of Wynescumbe, saving the services of tenants by knight service, reliefs, escheats, wards, and the suit of the said manor at the bishop's hundred of Banewell (as by his charter which the grantor has inspected), neither the bishop nor his free men nor any other shall have the right of entry with 8wine or other beasts into the woods of the said manor at the time of acorns or at other times, save with the consent of the dean and chapter, their farmer or bailiff. Dated Dogmersfeld, kal. October 14 bishop William, by Richard de Bamfeld canon of Wells.
R.III. f. 99d.
Gift by Henry Loueseft' to St. Andrew Wells, Joscelin bishop of Bath and his successors in frank almoin, quit of all service, of 4½ acres with a dike in his demesne cultura upon the moor of Sanford towards the north, with warranty. Witnesses: Ralph de Lydiard, Richard de Mere, Stephen de Sanford, Victor de la Hale, Henry de Wyntred', Richard de la Hulle, Robert de Playz.
R.III. f. 99d.
Gift and quitclaim by Henry Loueseft to the church of St. James Wynescumbe, Master William de Kaynesham parson thereof and his successors in frank almoin, of a meadow called Eldunameda, between the land called Morlanda on the north side thereof and the watercourse leading to grantor's mill, with warranty, in consideration of 11s. Witnesses: Henry de Wyntred, Victor, Robert de Molendino, Henry de Berton, Elias de la Forda, Gilbert de Sanford, Ralph de Lincumbe.
R.III. f. 100.
Charter of Henry Luueseft, reciting the dedication of the church of Wynescumbe to St. James the apostle by Joscelin bishop of Bath on vii kal. September in the 30th year of his episcopate, and giving as an endowment to the said church, by the assent of his wife and his heirs, his alder grove called Durnehete, extending along the watercourse called Merstrem between the bishop and Henry Luueseft to a meadow of Elias de Ford called Norkemestemede by the new dike, and from the new dike on the east side by a watercourse from Ford to the corner of Aldithemede eastward,
saving the watercourse to grantor's mill. Witnesses: Henry the chaplain of Wynescumbe, William de Stokes bailiff of Banewell, Henry de Wintred, Robert de Molendino, Victor de la Hale, Henry de Berton, Elias de Ford, Gilbert de Sanford.
R.III. f. 100.
Gift and quitclaim by Henry Luueseft to the church of St. James of Wynescumbe and to Master William de Kaynesham parson thereof and his successors, of one acre of land in Wdeborge furlong called Long acre, which William the earl held, on the south side of the said field next the dike, with warranty; in consideration whereof the said parson has given to grantor and his heirs a free watercourse running from the spring called Fitelewlle through his land towards grantor's mill. Witnesses: Jordan the chaplain, Henry de Bert[on], Henry de Wintred, Victor de la Hala, Elias de la Forda, Edward de Sidecote, Robert Wdeuuard, William Tethyngman and Richard his brother.
R.III. f. 100.
Grant and quitclaim by Robert de Sanford, son and heir of Albretha who was wife of Gilbert Wrench, to Giles dean of Wells and the chapter, of a wood in Sanford called Luueseftes Scrobet otherwise Cnytwyneswode, claimed by him before the justices in eyre in county Somerset, lying between the wood which Henry Luueseft her father gave the said Albretha in frank marriage and that of William de Bristoll, with warranty. Witnesses: Adam Hybern[icus], William de Quile, Robert de Caremardyn, Nicholas Coppe, Simon de Monteforti, William Motun, John le Daneis, Walter de Lyncumbe, William de Bristoll, Hugh Malherbe of Sypham. Done at Ivelcestre, in the eyre of Sir Gilbert de Preston, Sir Roger de Wycestre etc., 40 Henry III.
R.III. f. 100d.
Grant and quitclaim by Albreda who was wife of Gilbert Wrenhc to Master Giles dean of Wells and the chapter of a wood in Sanford called Loueseftes Scrobet otherwise Cnitwyneswode, claimed by her before the justices in eyre, between the wood which Henry Loueseft her father gave her in frank marriage and that of William de Bristoll, with warranty. Witnesses: Adam Hyberniensis, William de Quile, Robert de Carmardyn, Nicholas Coppe, Simon de Monteforti, William Motun, John le Deneys, Walter de Lyncumbe, William de Bristoll, Hugh Malerbe of Sypham. Done at Ivelcestre, in the eyre of Sir Gilbert de Preston, Sir Roger de Wycestre etc., 40 Henry III.
R.III. f. 100d.