Border Papers volume 1: September 1587

Pages 270-276

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 1, 1560-95. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1894.

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538. Carvylle to Walsingham. [Sept. 2. 1587.]

I send a pacquet directed to Mr Archibald Douglas, as "I was admonyshed to send it away with gret haste." On the 30th August, I received your honours of the 26th, with the pacquet for Mr Carr and sent it forthwith. "The Kinge lieth presently att Faulkland abowte the dispatch of the two earles and their accomplices in to Denmarck. Butt wheras I wrate they were fower barrons, two of them are translated to bisshoppes, to wit, the Bisshoppe of Saincte Andrewes, and the Priour of Hollyrode Howse." Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

539. The Council to Huntingdon. [Sept. 9.]

Authorising him to levy in his lieutenancy 200 foot in each 100; "40 shott or harquebuse, 20 pykes with corseletes, 20 bowes, and 20 halbardes or good black billes," and to send 100 to Lord Hunsdon for defence of the East and Middle Marches, the other 100 to Lord Scrope for the West March.

pp. Draft. Indorsed: "1587, 9 Sept. M. to the E. of Huntingdon."

540. Carvylle to Walsingham. [Sept. 12.]

"This day I was sent for to mete with Robert Carr uppon a mowre in a seacret place, where accordinge to his appoyntment, he was in redynes, and delivered unto me this letter here inclosed, directed to your honour from Mr William Carr of Fourde, which ymportheth suche matters as you are desyreous to knowe of. For myne owne parte, I can not certefie more therein, then is written, butt I understande by conferrence with the partie, that it is somthinge in practice not yet come to perfection." I trust you will have me in remembrance for coming up, now that my Lord Governor is coming down. Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the above:—

(William Carr of Fourd to Walsingham.)

"I receyved your letters of the 26th of August and withall a safcondit for my uncles passage and repassage furth and into Scotland, and also to dele with him for a further discovery of the practise or enterprise for Barwicke. I have spoken with him, and he haith more largly deliverd the hole maner of thenterprise then he did at my first spekinge with him, which I will sett doune to your honor as he haith deliverd it to me. The man that confirred with him in that matter was one Captain Carr who haith the chefe rule and credit about the Erle Huntle, and in good favor with the Kinge him selfe, who said unto him that if he wold but only gett unto him the just measure of the height of the walles and also the custome observed by the watche, as also the nomber the toune and garisone were able to make of able men, he wold procure him very great rewardes at the Kinge handes. My uncle replied to him againe, that if that were had, yett he could not se howe suche an enterprice could be performed without the assemblinge of a nomber of men, and that could not be done but it wold be knowen in England. The captaine answered him againe that the height of the wales, the maner of the watche, and the force of the toune, beinge once knowen to them, ther shuld be lethers and a suffecient nomber of men gatherid to gether in thErle Huntle countre, who shuld be shipped at Dunde and landid nere Barwicke, and it shuld be geven furthe that that assemblye and shippinge of men shuld be ether for Navarr or els for Flanders. And for that bothe the toune shuld be the more disfurnished, as also to be of the more force at the very instant, they have intendid that the Erle Bothwell shall assemble at Kelso all the forces of Lidisdale, Ewsdale, Annandal and all his ouen frendes and servantes he hath in the two Tevidales, of intent, as he will geve it furth, to invade upon thEst Marches, wherby he thinkes to drawe furthe of the toune of Barwicke a good nomber of the garisone, which is allwaies used to be done for the defence of the countre; and therby beinge ther more wekened, the assembly he haith maid shalbe hastned that night to meat with thErle Huntles men, who must as they intend, scale the walles and gett the possessione of the toune and make them safe passage into the toune, who being altogether will be of force suffecient as they immagine, not only to kepe the toune but also able to expell and confond the garisone and inhabitantes therof with small truble and losse to them selves. After my uncle had hard Captaine Carr utter this devise, he gave him for answere, that his frendes and his own children levinge upon the Borders, they and there posterity shuld lyve in contenuall bondage and sarvitude, if they had that toune, and therfore he wold not be a worker in that enterprice; so that I fere me very mutche he shall not be able to worke him selfe so mutche in credit as to be maid further aquantid with this matter. And yett it is likly they will attempte the same by some other, for that they have bene a workinge of this before—for Captaine Carr told my uncle further, that if one man had leved that was dead, the matter had bene assayed or nowe. Maye it please your honor, for that thes intellegences concerninge Berwicke ar to be preventid by my lorde chamberlaine, in respecte he haith the government of the toune, and therfore is not only to be maid aquainted therwith, but also with them that geves the advertisments for that he maye be the redyer to prevent the matter, I have thought it good to make his lordship knowen to the same myselfe, and therby I hope he shall not mistrust my delinges with your honor. My uncle told me further that he spake with an Englishe mane that came lately out of France, who told him that in July he was in Paris with the Bushope of Glasco, who told him that he had moved the Kinge of France for his ayde and helpe against the Kinge his master enimyes in England, and that the Frenshe Kinge had answered him that his master had broken the leage which had contenued betwixt ther relmes so longe, in that he had by his license and safcondit licensed the Lard of Wemes with his company to pass to the ayed of his enimy the Kinge of Navarr, and therfore he wold be the sloer to maike him any helpe,—but yett to feed him with hope, he maid him promise, as sone as the trubles in his ouen dominnione were pacefyed, he wold maike him helpe; which they thinke is bothe cold and farr of. Mary nowe I understand very credebly that the Lord Maxwell was aryved the xxvtie daye of June in the Courte of Spane, and from thense by him ther is expectid some great ayed of men and mony. And thus beinge bold to truble your honor with thes rude and tedius lines, I humbly take my leve. From my house at Fourd this xjsv of September 1587." Signed: W. Carr.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. An attempt has been made to blot out the signature.

541. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Sept. 14.]

"I receved yesternight betweene Royston and Buntingforth, a packett from my sonne William Carey, with a letter sent to him from Mr W. Carr of Forde, the coppie whereof I send your lordeshipp heere inclosed, wherupon I presentlie returned letters to the Marishall, Sir John Sellby, and my sonne William, with such instructions to be observed and done in the towne, as I feare nothing anie practize they cann use, so long as ther be no strangers emongst them. This mornyng being reddie to take my horse, I receved a letter from Mr Marishall, the coppie wherof I also send your lordshipp heerewith, praying your lordshipp yt may be consydered of—for shurlie by all the intellegences that I can gett out of Scotland, they doe all concurr that the Kinge hath no good meaning towardes her Majestie, but will be revenged of his mothers death, yf he may fynd anie oportunitie. His intencions will partlie appeere, when justice shall be demanded for such spoyles as his subjectes have commytted within the Mydle Marches—which yf he shall deferr or refuse to doe, then is ther playne demonstracion that no justice shall be done, and that he will seek some further mischeefe to England, yf he be able; and then of necessitie her Majestie must send downe some forces to the Borders."

I meant to have stayed 8 days at Newcastle, about Sir John Forster and the Middle Marches, but will go on to Berwick, and take such order, "as yt shall be as safe (by the grace of God) as the Tower of London." I will then return to Morpeth or Newcastle about the Middle march matters—that done, I will see Harbottle and all the dangerous places of that March, and put them all in order for defence. Royston. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

542. Carvylle to Walsingham. [Sept. 24.]

"This daye I receyved a letter directed to your honour, which was sent unto me by one Mr Thomas Chraynston with request to hast it away with expedition." I earnestly ask your honour to write to my Lord Governor to give me leave to come up, as I may be well spared, now that he is resident. "Uppon Friday last I sent by the pacquett three letters—one from myself—one from Poorey Oglebee as I suppose, and one to Mr Archibalde." Berwick. Signed: Robart Carvylle.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

543. The Garrison of Berwick. [Sept. 26.]

"Barwick xxvjte Septembris 1587.—The nombers bothe of the captaines with their soldiours absent at this present, with also the pencioners, gonners, and others in her Majesties paye within this towne—with also the nombers of them briefly settdowne which are present, viz.:—

Sir William Reade captain, George Barratt his livetenant, who is as sufficient a man as I knowe any in England." Reade, his son William, Raphe Selby and 8 others, absent in Flanders and elsewhere. The number present with the lieutenant, 89.

"William Carey captain—hathe captaine Brickwells place by his earnest request, by his lettre to me at the tyme of his deathe," 4 absent, present with the lieutenant, 96.

"Richard Pickman, captaine—one of the eldest captaines." One man absent, present, 49.

"William Walker, captaine, longe livetenant to Capten Yaxley, and hathe his place." Three men absent, present, 47.

"John Carvell, captaine. A long captaine." 2 Absent, present, 48.

"Richard Haynes, captaine, long livetenant to Captaine Game and hathe his place." I absent, 49 present.

"Captaine Wood with his whole companie, at Carlisle. The eldest captaine in Barwick, and a verie sufficient man for verie greate chardge.

Captaine Case with his companie at Carlisle, your lordshipp knowes him sufficientlie. Which towe captaines come to Barwick presentlie."

Pensioners.—12 absent. Remaining present in the town, 48.

The old garrison of horse and foot, with their constables are full at present, and in number, 88.

Gunners.—Three absent, 60 remain with the master gunner, master's mate and 4 quarter-masters, 67.

Artificers in the ordnance office.—The "bower," a smith, the "baskett maker," a labourer, all absent—remaining, 17.

The whole number absent, including Captains Wood and Case and their men, 141 men.

Remaining present, with 6 men left by Captain Case to look to the castle, and 50 old footmen, 667.

4 pp. Written by Hunsdon's clerk. Indorsed: "The whole nombers bothe of horsmen and footmen within the towne of Barwick this 27th daie of September 1587." And by Burghley: "These nombres ar well to be lyked. W. Burghley."

544. The Walls of Berwick. [Sept. 27.]

"Barwicke upon Twied xxvjto Septembris 1587. A note of the hight of the walles aboute this her Majesties saide towne, as well of the newe worckes, as tholde walles of the same, viz.":—

The wall of the new works and curtains, all one level, 22 feet high. The old wall from the Mary gate to the Day watch, with the "vamure" 4 feet high, 17 feet high. From the Day watch to the Bell tower, same height. The old wall from the Bell tower to a little turret between the Bell tower and new works, "which place is verie dangerous," 14 feet. The same wall from the turret to the new works is also very dangerous, as "our peeces on the mountes or walle cannot flancke it," 17 feet high.

"Memorandum."—On all the old wall from the Mary gate to the new work, on an alarm, "there is never a man to defende the same, but only the stande watche, which are not above three or foure at the moste."

The old wall from the castle bridge along "the Wyndemill hole," to the new work at the West mount, is 17 feet high. The same between the new works and Cowgate, is 12 feet high. The same from the Cowgate to the first breach which is 26 yards long, "and made upp but with fir dealls," to the Wyndemill mount, is 14 feet high. The same from that breach to another breach 42 yards long, "likewise made up with deales," is 16 feet high. The same from the second breach to St Nicholas ward, "in most places is but" 11 feet high. From the new work at St Nicholas ward to the "scestern heade," the vamure 3½ feet, is 18 feet high. From the "scesterne heade, to the broke walle behynde the Pallaice gate," the vamure 4½ feet high, is 24 feet high. From said old wall to "the Masendwe," the vamure 5 feet high, is in all 20 feet high. From the "Masendwe wharfe," the vamure 5 feet high, is in all 17 feet high. From the "Masendwe to the Brigg gate," is 20 feet high. From the "Bridg gate" to the rising of the bank near the West mount, is 29 feet. And from the said rising bank to the new works at the West mount, is 8 feet high.

"Memorandum.—That their ys without the old walle a diche of xxxtie foote wyde from the Mary gate to the seae syde, alwaies full of watter sixe or vij foote. Their is about the newe fortificacions a diche of 200 foote, withe some watter in the moste parte of yt. And in the myddest of that diche, a diche of xij foote wyde and viij foote deepe, contynewally full of watter from the owtermoste part of Roaring Megg to Twied warde to St Nicolas mount to the sea syde."

pp. Written by Hunsdon's clerk. Indorsed: "The hight of the walls both olde and new." And by Burghley: "This wold be kept secrett. W. Burghley."

545. The Pensioners of Berwick. [Sept. 27.]

"Thomas Salisburie, an hable man. William Powell, one of the oldest soldiers in that towne, and often leiutenant. James Farfax, a verie proper man, and hath bene a leiutenant. John Moyzer, a serviceable man, and verie sufficient. James Burrell, a verie proper man. William Walker, hath served often both beyond the seas and in Scotland. Richarde Wood, a good proper man. Richarde Duncombe, an hable gentleman. William Saltonstoll, a sufficient man. Peeter Warde, hath beene often leiutenante. John Tompkyns, hath served often, and able to take a good charge. Edwarde Hall, hath served long as a sargiant. Sampson Leaver, a verie able man. Nycholas Gyles, sondrie tymes a leiutenant both on horseback and foote. Roberte Moore, a verie proper man, well able to take charge. Thomas Jackson, a good talle fellowe. Thomas Anfeeld, a sufficient man. James Lany, a verie proper man, of long service both in lerland and Scotland. John Arthur, a sufficient man. Hughe Rydley, a man able to doe good service. Thomas Woodrington, a verie able man. Roger Carewe, was longe a capten of 1ty men in Barwick, which roome he exchanged with Capten Case, for his peucion of ij s. per diem, and one man in v l. vj s. viij d. per annum, and hath besydes gotten iij s. iiij d. per diem of the Queene, and hath not come at Barwick this x yeeres at the leaste. Robert Ardren, a victueller in Flanders under my lord of Leycester, and seldome cometh at Barwick. Roberte Hamman, a verie proper serviceable man. Francys Kyllingall, possessing iiijor roomes, viz. this one at ij s. per diem and one man of v l. vj s. viij d. per annum, one at xij d. per diem, and two at x d. the peece per diem. Roberte Yaxlee, a yonge gentleman, and a verie proper soldior. Raphe Carre, a proper serviceable gentleman, brother to Mr Carre of Forde. Leonarde Knappe, a captayne of longe service, to whome I have nowe commytted the charge of the 100 men that are to lie in the Mydle Marches. John Collopp, a verie able man to serve, and hath beene in sondrie services with my selfe. James Swynowe, a verie proper able soldiour. William Washborne, an able gentleman, ether one horseback or one foote. William Selbye, who possesseth two roomes, viz., one at xx d. per diem, and one at xvj d. per diem, hath served longe, both in Ierland, Scotland, and in the Lowe Contries, and had the charg of my lord of Leycesters horsmen, and willbe heere presentlie. Lancellott Ashe, a good sufficient man. Arthur Barkley, served longe in most services theis 30 yeere. Hughe Lewes, a longe soldiour, and often. Thomas Larck, a leiutenant. Thomas Perrye, hath served long in all services, and an excellent drawer of plattes. William Stanton, a verie proper and serviceable man. John Shaftowe, a tall able man as anie is. Richarde Kente, hath served in Scotland often, in Ierland and other places. Edward Connyers, a verie proper serviceable man. John Cox, a verie sufficient man. John Crane, hath served long, and now clark of the checkes. Raphe Sunthwick, verie serviceable. Randolphe Jackson, served long in Ierlande. William Jossey, a sufficient man, and the rydar of my great horsses. Richarde Cracrofte, hath served verie long, and well able to take charge. Gylbert Talle, an ould soldior. John Saltonstoll, a talle able man. Henrie Wiglesworth, he had consyderacion given him for his service in the rebellion. Thomas Mason, hath served long under Capten Reade. Edwarde Johns, a talle serviceable man as anie in that towne."

3 pp. on 2 broad sheets. Written by Hunsdon's clerk, probably from dictation. Indorsed: "The names of all the pencioners of Barwick, and what they ar, the 27th of September 1587."

546. Charges Against Forster. [Sept. 27.]

"Articles exhibited the xxvijth daie of September in the nyne and twentieth yeare of the Quenes Majesties raigne that nowe is, against Sir John Foster knighte late warden of the Middle Marches of Englande."

Under fourteen heads and in all respects the same as No. 453, with the addition of the following.

"5. That he hathe caused diverse persons to be indited arraigned and condempned in his owne dwellinge howse, and therupon put to execution and theire lives taken frome theme, not proclaminge or callinge a warden courte, accordinge to the lawe or custome of the Borders.

12. That he hathe occasioned the staie of ayde latelie offered by her Majestie for the helpe and strengthe of the borders of the Middle Marche, whiche hathe bene a great hinderance to that countrie, by meanes of great spoiles, burninges, harrishipps and forraies committed by the Scottes."

pp. Official writing. Indorsed by Hunsdon: "The artycles that Sir Jhon Forster was chargyd withall by the L. of Hunsdon."

2. Another copy of the same.

2 pp. Written by Forster's clerk. Indorsed: "The articles and answears examyned at Newcastle."

547. Forster's Reply. [Sept. 27.]

"Some notes of Sir John Forsters aunswer made the xxvijth of September 1587, to certen articles then exhibited against him."

Also under 14 heads and in all respects similar to No. 454, with the addition of the following.

"5. To the vth, he sayeth he hath doon as is mencioned, and dothe avowe yt to be lawefull by vertue of his comission, to be doon in any place within the wardenrye.

12. To the xijth, he sayeth he made staye of the soldiors, becawse the contrie was not then able to vittell them; yet afterwards he dyd wryte divers tymes to Mr Secretarie Walsingham for fiftie soldiors, but could not get them when the occacion came to have some supporte, being a iij monethes after or therabowtes." Signed: John Forster.

2 pp. Written by his clerk, with marginal remarks by Lord Hunsdon. Indorsed by Hunsdon: "Sir Jhon Forsters ansers to the artycles exhybyted agenst hym too the Q. Majesti."

548. Hunsdon to Burghley. [Sept. 27.]

"I perceve by your lordshyps letter of the 22 that hyr Majesti and your lordshyp dyd looke too have harde from me longe er thys. Fyrst, ther was no matter worth the wrytynge; secondly, your letter of the 20 was one cawse, for I cowlde nott satysfy your lordshyp yn those thynges your lordshyp desyard too know, tyll I hade sente too Barwyke, whyche was nott returnyd too me tyll yesternyght.

I have byn forcyd too remayne here lengar then I ment too have doone, fyrst, becawse ther ys no place withyn the Myddell Marche, thohe Hexam, Morpett and Alnwyke beynge alle sett togythar, ys able too afforde me and the gentyllmen that ar here with me horsmett and mansmett for one nyght the hole cuntrey ys so bare, and all theyr harvest yett abrode. Secondly, Sir John Forster and the gentylmen of the cuntrey beynge nott halfe of them came nott tyll Tewsday at nyght, so as yesterday I dyspacht suche busynes as hade too doo with them, wherof your lordshyp shall heare shortly, and so now I apon my goynge too Barwyke, wher I wylbe Godwyllynge, apon Satterday.

Now my lord, towchinge formoste part of your lordshypes letter of the 20, I am very sorry tunderstande that any (fn. 1) showlde so farr overshoote hymself as too informe hyr Majesti of the weknes and want of a towne, wheryn I thynke he was never yn—yf he werr, yt ys so longe ago as he knowse ytt nott now, for yf he dyd, he wolde nott for shame a gyven that informacyon. I know nott apon what zeale or informacyon he dyd ytt, but sewrly yt procedyd of lyght credytt, smale skyll, and lese dyscrecyon, yf nott of mallyce, wheryn he hathe doone me gretar inyury then I have gyven hym cawse.

Towchinge the wante of goode captens, yt appeares he knowse none of them, and I thynke knowse as lyttell what a goode capten meanes—for Capten Reede I allowe hym for a goode capten, but ther ar sum captens lefte yn Barwyk that wer captens when he was a pryvat sodyar, and ar nothynge inferyor too hym in knowlege, experyence and currage, apon my lyfe, and never a capten yn Barwyke (my sune Wyllyam exept) who hathe yn Ierlande, but hathe byn a capten or lyvetenant thys 30 yeres, and sum more, and hathe byn imployde yn sundry servysys.

For many of the sodyars beynge owlde—sum suche ther ar who for theyr longe experyens ar fytter too be captens then sodyars, yf ther wer occasyon, and therby suffycyent too be yn a towne, thohe nott able too march so farr yn a day as they have byn.

Towchynge the unmetnes of the pensyonars too serve,—seurly a harde and rashe judgement too condemne men whome he knowse nott! For I assure your lordshyp ther ys a grete many of them that hathe servyd as captens, lyvetenantes, and offycers of bandes yn sundry placys, and very few or none of them but ar very proper men, and hathe seene servys yn more placys then one or twoo, as your lordshyp shall see by the rowle of theyr names, (fn. 2) when I have sett downe trewly over agenst every mans name, what he ys, apon my honor and credytt.

Towchynge the ordynance beynge unfurnysht,—your lordshyp shall see thys mans skyll. Sum few pecys that have longe stande apon the mowntes, curtens, and flaukars, sum of theyr wheles decayde, havynge uther wheles too putt too them at all tymes, and sum tymber too mend the owld wheles, and all maner of artyfycers that appertaynes too the ordynance,—and yt appeares that thys zealus informar doothe nott know of 20 pecys of ordynance of all sortes that I have yn a longe howse as well furnysht thuroly as any pecys in the Towar, and as goode too be drawne apon any sudden too any parte of the towne, as occasyon shall serve. Thus your lordshyp may see bow trewly thys informar hathe informyde hyr Majesti!

Towchynge the powder, as your lordshyp shall see by the note, ther ys 8 last, wantynge two barrels, and one last I send from hense, which Sir Symon Musgrave sent from thens hythar, and I leave heare a last and a halfe. So as ther ys no suche want of powdar for anythynge that the Skotes wyll doo too us. And yett for all thys, ther shalbe both that care had of the towne that appartaynes, and suche uther provysyons made for them, as yf they wylbe so foolysh as too make any suche attempt, they shall fynde they have byn lookyd for. At my cummynge too Barwyke I dowght nott but tunderstande theyre whole devyse and purpose.

As I came by Durham, I was intreatyd by all the gentylmen of the Busshopryke, too be a meane that hyr Majesti wolde appoynte a shreve there, for the gayle ys as full as yt may howlde, wherof many for murthers, and other notoryus factes. They say ther ys a commyssion lyynge by them, and seynge Syr Wyllyam Hylton hathe byn so longe shreve, he ys the metyst man for ytt.

If hyr Majesti doo make a busshope byfor the yere be owte, lett hyr make choyse of sum grave dyscrete man—for yf thys deane be busshope, (fn. 3) who gapes for ytt, by my lord of Huntyngdunse meanes, hyr Majesti wyll repent ytt, and the cuntrey wyll smarte for ytt. I assure your lordshyp he ys nott fytt for ytt.

I have sent your lordshyp herwythe all those notes your lordshyp requyars. I have at Summercet Howse a large platt of Barwyke of Jhonsons makynge, wheryn ys contaynyd the owld wall, as ytt ys, and the new fortyfycacyon as ytt ys, whyche yf ytt please your lordshyp to see, I have wrytten too my wyfe too send for ytt." Newcastell. Signed: H. Hunsdon.

2 pp. Holograph. With marginal notes by Burghley. Addressed. In dorsed: "L. Chamberlaine tomy L. from Newcastell."


  • 1. Here the words "cownselour (especyally)" are crossed out.
  • 2. No. 545.
  • 3. Tobie Mathew, D.D.