Border Papers volume 2: June 1596

Pages 133-145

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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273. The Grames' Lands in Cumberland. [June 4.]

Note of lands in the baronies of Burgh and Gillesland, late the possessions of Leonard Dacre attainted, whereof the Graimes are tenants, "made according to your lordshipes lettre."

"Baronia de Burghe."

Manor of West Limpton.—Richard Graime holds at the lord's will after the custom of the manor, 12 acres arable land, and 9 acres meadow, paying yearly 7s.
Justie Graime "similiter," 41 acres arable and 1 of meadow, paying 25s.
Andrew Graime "similiter," 18 acres arable and 2 of meadow, paying 13s. 4d.
John Graime "similiter," 16 acres arable and 4 of meadow, paying 13s. 4d.
John Graime son of William Graime, "similiter," 26 acres arable and 4 of meadow, paying 19s. 4d.
John Graime "similiter," 13 acres arable, and 5 of meadow, paying 9s. 1d.
Richard Graime "similiter," 12 acr. arable, and 8 of meadow, paying 6s. 8d.
William Graime "similiter," 14 acr. arable, and 6 of meadow, paying 13s. 4d.
Richard Graime alias Markes Richard, "similiter," 16 acres arable and 8 of meadow, paying 8s. 2d.
Simo Graime alias Gares Simo, "similiter," 19 acres arable, and one of meadow, paying 13s. 4d.
The Vills of Whitrigge and Whitrigleas:—
Andrew Graime "similiter," 20 acr. arable, and 2 of meadow, paying 13s. 4d.
The Manor of Rowclyffe:—
Richard Graime "similiter," 28 acr. arable, and 12 meadow, paying 19s.
George Graime "similiter," 30 acr. arable, and 11 meadow, paying 19s. 6d.
Arthur Graime "similiter," 30 acr. arable, and 8 meadow, paying 19s.
Robert Graime "similiter," 12 acr. arable, and 5 meadow, paying 6s. 8d.
William Graime "similiter," 10 acr. arable, and 1 of meadow, paying 3s. 4d.
William Graime "similiter," 1 "cotag" paying 8d.
George Graime 5s., George Graime 7s. 6d., Richard Graime2s. 3d., Richard Graime 2s. 3d., Arthur Graime 4s. 6d., George Graime 2s. 3d., George Graime 13s. 4d., George Graime and Richard Graime alias Gares Ritchie, 13s. 4d., hold "similiter," certain parcels of fishings, paying in toto, 52s. 8d.

"Baronia de Gillesland."

Manor of Liversdale:—
William Graime holds at the lord's will after the custom there, 11 acres arable and 6 of meadow, paying yearly 9s.
John Graime "similiter," 8 acr. arable and 5 meadow, paying . 9s. 8d.
Jenken Graime " similiter," 12 acr. arable at the rent of 12d.
Andrew Graime "similiter," 12 acr. arable, paying 12d.
Manor of Hayton:—
Edward Graime "similiter," 4 acr. arable and 2 of waste, paying 9s. 3d.
Richard Graime "similiter," 2 acr. arable and meadow, paying . 3s. 5d.
Anthony Graime "similiter," 2 acr. arable, paying 2s. 5d.
"Edrus" Graime "similiter," 1 acr. arable and waste, paying . 8d.
Manor of Fenton.—Thomas Graime "similiter," 2½ acr. paying . 4s. 1d.
Manor of Askerton.—Richard Graime "similiter," 12 acr. arable and 20 of meadow, paying 13s. 4d.
Fergus Graime "similiter," 12 acr. arable and 12 meadow, paying 10s. 2d.
Manor of Cumwhitton.—Anthony Graime "similiter," a parcel of land there, paying 12d.

"The said tenantes hould the severall landes and tenementes aforesaid by a custumary estate, which they call and claime to be, 'Tennant right.'"

2 pp. Latin. Indorsed by Burghley and his secretary: "4 Junij 1596. . . xvj Greams the Q. tenantes in the manner of Rockliff."

274. Scrope to Burghley. [June 7.]

The notifying of her Majesty's pleasure in your letter of 31st ultimo, "hath brought me into a gret amaze or dilemma." So, as one wholly trusting to your regard, I implore your assistance in managing all matters to make my government "contentinge" to her Majesty, honourable to myself, and "commodiouslie peaceable to this frountier." This chiefly consists in reducing the Grames to loyalty to her highness, obedience to her officer, and peaceable behaviour to her subjects. How this can be done without "cohercion " and security, I refer to your wisdom, as not ignorant of the lenity towards them hitherto, and the fruits thereof. Though I cannot send up any man so fully instructed as is fitting, and as I should be myself, yet to satisfy her Majesty and you, I dispatch this bearer Henry Leigh herewith, to assure you of the truth of the general heads of the instructions which on his last journey he delivered to you, but also that I have found proof " that Richard Grame of Brakenhill, Will of the Rosetrees, and Hutcheon Grame alias Richies Hutcheon, were all privie unto and complotters of the entreprise by Buclugh against this castell." Brakenhill stands indicted and outlawed for the murder of George Grame alias Percivalls Geordie: though he has agreed with the wife and young children, yet the Queen and her laws are not answered or satisfied for her subject lost. There are also charges of "koyninge," taking blackmail for protection of men and their goods, subornation or maintenance of theft and murders, to be brought against him. Whereof as I have good proof, I trust her Majesty will be pleased to give me leave to come up, not "minding" to do so till I have taken some honourable revenge upon some of the principal Scots offenders at this castle, and put my office in order to permit my absence for a little, to satisfy her Majesty in these Border causes, and touching those who seek to cross me both here, and also with some of your honourable personages. And as my good government here solely consists in bridling the insolencies of the Grames, and "counterbuff" of such as cross my doings, " I am the bolder to assure your lordship, that if the Grames be not nowe very sharplie handled, both by imprisonment and otherwise," her Majesty must not expect that I or any other herafter shall be able to do her service to her content, his own honour, or the peace of this office. I had rather her Majesty commanded me to prison, if I am not countenanced against such as disturb the peace of her highness's faithful subjects. I leave the amplification of these matters to her highness and the Council, as your wisdom finds best. Committing some matters therein, to the report of the bearer to your lordship only. The King's proceedings for redress of Buccleuch's offence I leave to the report which Mr Bowes has sent. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

I pray you haste the bearer's dispatch and return.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley. Wafer signet.

275. John Carey to Burghley. [June 9. 1596.]

Things are apparently quiet here, but great troubles expected by some, unless the Spanish great preparations are altered by the Queen's "great armye by sea." The King of Scots intends about the beginning of August to go in person with a great host to put down the Highland and Island men of the north of Scotland, but it is feared some of his courtiers will stay it, "who are to be gratified therefore." A secret matter was sent me yesterday by a friend, though I cannot say for its truth, but he had it from the mouth of their privy council, that the Kings of Spain and France are confederate with some of the "Octaveyans" of the secret council. Their names are " Mr John Lynsey and Mr James Elveston . . . The one of them hath a brother with the Kinge of Spayne, and the other hath a brother with the Kinge of France." Thus they have great store of Spanish gold, and it is feared will help the banished lords to do harm in Scotland ere long. Others of the Council are very willing to hurt England as they may. I send this just as it comes, not doubting you have it more certainly from the ambassador, yet rather prefer to incur censure than to be counted negligent.

The works of the Cowgate, the bridge and the old wall are very forward, and the like has not been done for these 20 years here, with such good husbandry, but the labourers have neither had meat, drink, nor money, save on the credit of the comptroller and surveyor, whereby everything has been nearly double the charge to her Majesty, though such good work has never been done for so little cost, considering all things.

I beg your honor's remembrance of the soldiers' pay at Midsummer, and your warrant in time, for we are in such a case, that if it come not at the day, "our money ryses streight iijs. or iiijs. in the pownd."

I pray you to conceal these things, for I have not written so fully to my lord my father, and he being "apt therto," may take some displeasure with me. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

276. Scrope to the Privy Council. [11 June.]

As directed in your letters I have called before me such witnesses as Jeffraye Bell produced against Richard Grame in the matter of blackmail, and with the assistance of George Salkeld, John Mydelton, and John Sowthaik esquires, three of her Majesty's justices of peace for the county, have examined them on oath, put the same in writing, and send them signed by myself and the justices, hereinclosed. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

(Examinations referred to.)

Examination of witnesses produced before the right honourable Lord Scrope of Bolton lord warden, &c., on behalf of Jeffraye Bell against Richard Grame, &c., by virtue of letters from the Privy Council, taken in presence of George Salkeld, John Midelton, and John Southaik esquires, her Majesty's justices of peace in the county of Cumberland 11 June 1596.

Rowland Robson of Allonstead in Gilsland 30 years of age or thereabouts, depones on oath, that he well knows many of the tenants of Leonard cost (fn. 1) and others have paid blackmail to William Hayer servant to Richard Grame and one Thomas Hetherington demanding it for Grame's use, that is to say, John Hetherington and Christofer Wilkin both of Sandiss sike, Christofer Hetherington, John Hetherington alias Wills John, James Hetherington Edmund Tayller, Nichollas Crowe, John Crowe, and Jeffray Hetherington, all of Walton, and others there whose names the "examynent" does not remember, and also Thomas, Hewchy, and George Hetherington, all of Waltonrigg, Peter Atkinson and Rannold Barnfather of Thornnay more, and many other tenants of Leanarcost, and of her Majesty's in that country of Gilsland "to the nomber of thrie score or above." Also that the said William Hayer as Grame's special "facturr," gave evil speeches and threatenings to the above to make them pay, also to those that would not pay. He also deposeth that he this "examynent," Jeffraye Bell of the Parke noack, 4 of the Queen's tenants of Dassoglen and all the tenants of Burthalme belonging to Leanarcost, saving one Widow Smyth there, who paid blackmail, had all their goods spoiled and carried off by the nephews and kinsmen of said Richard Grame, Scotsmen, for refusing it, and is rather moved thus to depose, for he knows that these Scots kinsmen, before the robbery, inquired where the widow who paid blackmail dwelt, and then harried all the rest, except her; also shortly after, he came to Thomas Carleton land sergeant of Gilsland then in company of said Richard Grame, and asked him for some help in his loss, who replied that he could do him no good, whereon the "examynent" said, that if he had known that, he would have paid the blackmail to Grame, as others did. Thereon Grame asked him why he did not pay? To whom he said that he thought the Queen and the Lord warden "was above his booke of blackmayle," and if he found it not so, he would go to the Queen and Council, and show them he was not able to pay both Grame's blackmail and her Majesty's rent.

He also deposes that the said William Hayer and Thomas Hetherington otherwise called "the merchant," rode about and viewed Jeffray Bell's and his own houses a day or two before they were broken and spoiled, "and had no manner of good or lawful busyness to do their." He also deposes that it is very credibly reported that Grame by his said servant Hayer, published the names of all who paid him blackmail, "which he had entred in a boke or rentall,"—both in the parish church of Arthreed in England, and Cannonbie in Scotland.

Examined, whether Richard Grame or any of the other Grames since the above robbery, resetted any of the principal "facturrs"? deposes that said Richard and Willye of the Moote, resetted them all "then famyllyer."

Also deposes, that the goods robbed from the "plentyve" Bell were worth 60l., and from himself 10l.

William, Davye, and Rowland Bell, and Richard Burthalme affirm on oath to same effect as Rowland Robson. Signed: Th. Scroope, George Salkeld, John Middelton, Jo. Sowthaike.

3 pp. Indorsed by Burghley in part.

277. Provisions at Berwick. [June 11.]

Particular note and value of these 1,448l. 10s. 6d.

"Memorandum.—There ys since the said remaine one moneth and xij daies expended."

1. p. Written by a clerk. Indorsed.

278. Provisions, &c., at Berwick. [June 11.]

"A breefe declaringe the provisions mad for the garrison of Barwicke with other chardges and paiementes."

From 29 September till 11th June 1596 4,855l. 16s. d.
Payments—freights, wages, &c., therein 716l. 19s. d.
Sum total, 5,572l. 15s. 10¼d.
Provisions issued in same time 2,575l. 17s. 2d.
"Surchardge" therein according to the rates 1,554l. 15s. ¾d.
Remain on 11th June of provision at "medium" prices, which will serve the garrison till Michaelmas 1,448l. 10s. 6d.
Sum total, 5,579l. 2s d.
Received by Mr Swifte out of Exchequer 3,128l.
Paid for victuals and charges thereon 5,572l. 15s. 10¼d.
"Surplus the somme of" 2,444l. 15s. 10¼d.

pp. In same clerk's hand. Indorsed: (as title).

279. Eure to Sir R. Cecil. [June 11.]

On Sunday night or Monday last, in a wood of Sir John Forsters, some Scots of Tevidale, "by and aboute sixe or seaven houres at night afore sune was downe," took from a town of the Earl of Northumberlands called Denniekle in the East March, bordering on mine, most or all of their labouring horses, driving them through my March. Thomas Pearcy constable of Alnwick under the earl, rescued them and shot one James Burne a chief man and great rider, quite through the back with a petronell, who is dead thereof. "The gentleman was weakelie accompayned not with x horsemen, and the Scottes were xij° or more, but this acte is imposed as a foode to him and his companie that then weare with him."

The earl's tenants and the county are so weak and but foot men, that they fear to assist him, and there are not 30 horses there fit to follow fray; so your help to continue the small aid I have, I must humbly entreat till we are better furnished. I boldly present these "toyes" to your grave wisdom. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

¾ p. Addressed: "To . . . Sir Robert Cycill knight," &c. Indorsed.

280. John Carey to Burghley. [June 14.]

Sending him "such stuff" as he receives from his friends in Scotland, "hereinclosed in the owne kind as it came." He can neither affirm nor deny its truth, but it comes from a very "honest man and one that knowes much of the secrettes of Scotland." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

281. Sir Robert Carey to Lord Hunsdon. [June 15.]

I have already written twice of Border outrages, and now acquaint you that the Scots never leave riding day nor night. On Wednesday evening last the 9th instant about 6 o'clock, the Carres, Younges and Burnes took away from Hethpoole 40 "kyen" and oxen, and killed one man shot with a "peice." The same day a "byar" broken in West Lilburne, and 10 head of "neat" taken, by whom yet unknown.

On Friday night the 11th, John Selbye a gentleman dwelling at Pawston, was slain there by the Burnes and Younges, defending his cattle. The same night taken from Sir John Forster's "heardes" in the Trowburne 80 sheep and "followed with a dogge" towards Awtonburne. These incursions so early begun have so frightened those near the border, that they have driven their cattle from their usual summering, and if order be not taken, the country will be laid waste. I know not whence their "hartnyng" comes, but there was never at this time of year such riding seen as on the Middle March and this. However, "in spyte of Cesfordes teethe, or he that should say nay to it," I would take redress and keep your wardenry quiet with a very small charge to the Queen—"but a noble a day." Lord Eurye is allowed 80 horse at 12d. yet I hear of little amendment. My noble I would bestow on 20 horsemen of your garrison, "that by adding a grote a daye to there paye more then thei have," I would lay them in fit places on the March, and doubt not soon to get amends. None of the garrison can lie abroad without increase of pay, but the 20 horse as I chose them, would do the country more good than 100 foot. I think my Lord Treasurer would be willing if you "motion" the matter to him. If not, you must send for your soldiers from Carlisle to defend your own Border. Berwick. Signed: Rob. Carey.

Postscript:—I forgot to say I ride this day to Alnwick to meet my wife and children, who I hear last night are there in good health.

(fn. 2) I have done little or nothing "in contrary of" these wrongs since I came, hoping for justice. But if they continue and no justice had, "cum of it what will, I will at wans take a thorowe revendge for the wholle, and will make them as fast complayn for blood, as I dooe nowe for goods."

2 pp. Addressed: "To . . . my very good lord and father the Lord of Hunsdon," &c. Indorsed: "Mr Ro. Carey to the Lord Chamberlen." Swan wafer signet.

282. Answer by William Grame of Mote. [June 16.]

He denies spoiling any of the Queen's tenants "on Liddell side about the Riddinges." Jo. Tailor never was the Queen's tenant, but being a bastard, his father's brother, on the father's death, sold the tenement whereon Tailor now dwells, to "the now defendantes father," and afterwards gave better assurance in law to the defendant, who is in peaceable possession. For the woods: he saith he hath cut down "elders" on his own ground, never on the Queen's. William Lambe has not served the defendant "these 7 yeres, but almost these 2 yeres," he has lived in Scotland amongst "the theves of the Herlaw." Davie Richeson is the Queen's tenant and the defendant's "neighbor," but not servant, nor can he answer for his thefts, nor was ever charged by Lord Scroop to bring Richeson to answer the law. For the murdering and "heriing" of Richeson, he refers himself to the report of the party aggrieved; but confesses he was that night at Askerton, and for three days before and three after, and in the fray coming there, this defendant "with 20 persons, rose to the following and did their best to take the offenders. Wolsey is a Scot and never served him. Signed: William Graym of the Mott.

1 p. Indorsed by Burghley: "16 June 1596."

283. Eure to Burghley. [June 19.]

In my letter of the 10th I reported to your lordship how meanly the Queen's store at Newcastle is furnished for "shoott," &c., as certified by the deputy officer there. You "proporcyoned" 200 calivers and 300 bows, pikes and halbards thence for this March, but I humbly pray as there are but 90 serviceable "musquettes" (fn. 3) there, you will give me warrant to make up the number "otherwhere." As I have appointed a day of truce with the opposite warden Sir Robert Kerr at the Stawford on 20 July, and hope for justice, the rather if my men are furnished with armour, horse, and weapons to show him our strength both for defence and offence if need be, I humbly pray for "these musquittes" that my foot be properly furnished.

The Scots secretly expect 25000 Spaniards presently to arrive in their Northern islands, and many of the opposite border prepare to join them. The ambassador Mr Bowes can better satisfy you of "Baclughe his fathe fullnes in relegyone and truthe. I am boulde onlie to deliver my jelious conceipte of him, grounded onlie of surmise of his actions." His secret friends say he is a papist; his surest friends in court are papists about the Queen, and labour his grace with the King. He strengthens himself much of late, and secretly says he will not stir till some certainty of the Spaniards' arrival. "To Ingland he is a secrett enimie, mightie proude, publisheing his dissent to be from the house of Angus and laboreth to be created earle, and claymeth his bloode to be parte royall. His poverty greate, all which concurring with his pryde and Spanishe relegione, I leave to your honorable wisdome to censure." He has of late promised assurance to my March, and forbidden those in his office to "sheilde" in our ground, which appears gracious if it hold. And if the Queen's people were armed as they should be, it would ensure continuance of this course.

I humbly thank her Majesty for continuing the soldiers' pay here for 3 months longer, and your lordship for procuring the same. In your letter of 18th March your pleasure was I should have 130l. monthly for their pay and 20s. a piece for coats and conduct money. I beg your warrant to Mr Skidamore for the same monthly, and the 80l., not yet fully received.

In answer to your inquiry—Whether at a day of truce, the peace endures from sunrise that day to sunrise of next day, or only till sunset of the day of truce, and whether a subject of either realm can enter the other to recover goods during the truce? It is usual for both wardens to agree at their meeting for a truce to begin and endure while the business in hand requires. By the words of the treaty in her Majesty's time, they are not by custom to be limited "from sonne to sonne," except specially agreed between them. Therefore usually when they remain but one day, they take assurance from sunrise of the one day till sunrise of the next, that every man may likely be returned safe to his dwelling as he came to the place of meeting. Therefore this question between Lord Scrope's deputies and the laird of Buccleuch's, will be decided according to their assurance. If "generall," it includes both safety of goods and men, and all actions tending to breach of peace. Therefore "me thinkes" it agrees with the law of treaty that in either of their governments, the wardens shall take general assurance "for all the marche left att home as for the companie then in presens, and if anie offence be committed to the breache thereof of eyther partie, it is commonlie tearmed to be under assurance, and so held hatefull and unlawfull." This question of Lord Scrope for Kinmothe may arise with any other warden, and your lordship may now take occasion to prevent future "harmes." Lord Scrope by his assurance, "is tyed in honor" to answer for his whole March—Buccleuch for his office only, an unequal assurance. If any, either of the west or east of his office, with whom Buccleuch is in kindness, do ride, his assurance is not broken, yet the warden in whose wardenry such acts are committed is justly moved to revenge. So if your lordship would hold that warden should answer warden only, not an officer, and for the like circuit, or else that the opposite warden should at least grant assurance for the whole March, for the time agreed by the officer.

I would crave the loan of such books of watches as you can help me to. From the multitude of offences through hunger and poverty, I shall be at Morpeth on Monday the 21st and Alnwick the 28th instant. I shall send my servant for the same and return it safely. If you review a book of articles, &c., with my letter of 8th February touching decays here in Sir John Forster's time, I trust you will require no more on the ruin of this March. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

2 pp. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet.

284. Eure to Sir R. Cecil. [June 19.]

"The Kinge of Scottes is displeased as yt is thought, that the Quen threatneth to withhold her pentione from him in regarde of Baclugh his layte acte to my Lord Scroope." Divers of his Council are earnest papists, and work on the papist lords' behalf and for toleration if not alteration of religion. [Buccleuch described as in last, and the expedition of the Spanish force.] I would entreat a Council letter to the Bishop of Durham to send me 200 well appointed horse for my assistance on the day of truce appointed for the 20th July at Stawford, without which letter I doubt having much aid there.

I also ask a letter from their lordships to the Bishop and judges at next assise, to reprieve one Gabrill Emersone, now in Durham gaol on suspicion of horse stealing. I ask his life to do the Queen better service in discovery of more notorious persons. The man is poor yet serviceable, young and never detected before. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

285. Scrope to Burghley. [c. June 19.]

"Perceivinge by letters from my lord chamberlen of the xiijth hereof," that further matter than I had already sent your lordship is expected from me against the Grames, and there is no disposition in her Majesty to give me leave to come up myself, I have therefore for the satisfaction of her Majesty and Council sent this "breife inclosed of the particuler crymes which I hold meete and think sufficient to tax them worthy of what I have by my former letters desyered might be done unto them, at least of more roughe usage then I heare is hitherto extended towards them, or for any thinge I can perceive is ment unto them. I verily hoped my former advertisement of their dealinges in the entreprise at this castell might have motyve sufficient to her Majesty and your lordships to be satisfyed of their disloyaltyes to her highnes, and disposicions to proceed in their accustomed courses for the spoyle of her Majestys better and true subjects: but seinge the small accompt of that, your lordships shall receive these articles inclosed. By the fyrst wherof, the presumption is plaine ynoughe to prove against them their privitie unto Buclughs attempt. Yf they deny that article, this wholl countrey is able to avouche the truth therof—yf they acknowledge it, then I doubt not but her Majesty and your lordships will see them fowle and judge them guyltye in that pointe which I hold for the most material: but for farther proofe of the same, as lykewise for those other articles against Richie Brakenhill, Wills Jock, and Will of the Mott: yf their lordships will procure their chardges to be geven them at their cominge downe and proteccion of them and theirs afterwards—I shall then sende up to their lordships fyve or six credible witnesses who will truly prove to their lordships whatsoever I have in this breife put downe against thos thre and the tenants of Water Grame. That Will of Rosetrees and Ritchies Hutcheon were of the practice for this castell, th'informacion of Richies Will which I sent your lordship may give further and plaine proofe. And for the matter of the castell, I have besydes this against them all, the relation of Richies Will, Robert Grame of the Fauld, and thre Scotsmen: but I think meete for avoydinge of evill hereafter, and praye that the names of Richies Will and Robert of the Faulde may be kept secret from the knowledge of those Grames, to whom yt is not meete to make th'accusers names knowne without strong proteccion of them in tyme cominge. Whereas I have bin blamed for followinge the opinion of the Musgraves and some others, I am sorie their intencions to do her Majesty service is so slenderly regarded, and my choyse of them there beinge so fewe to do her highnes acceptable service here, so prejudicatly sensured." How unquiet this office was, while I employed some who were officers in my father's time, and how quiet since on trial of others, as it is public, and may be thought "a glory" in me to say, I refer to the country and those in it not my professed enemies. I protest that no man ever took office with greater desire to please and do his duty, than myself, and therefore if I be not better countenanced and comforted than yet "it semeth I shalbe in this matter of the Grames," I shall most humbly beseech her Majesty to take this burden off my shoulders, and give me leave to serve her elsewhere. "For I assure your lordship, yf the Grames be returned withoute severe punishment at this tyme, her Majesty may as soone comaund and have my lyfe as stake me downe in this service so discontentinge to her highnes and dishonorable to my selfe."

Let the former quiet here be considered, my own time of government "(this attempt at this castle blotted out)," understood and known, and it will be found the country was never in such good order, or I could resign it with greater honour than now. Therefore I beseech you acquaint her highness with my "greved mynd," and "hard estate if my ease be not tendered and justiciarie accions both allowed and counteinanced." Desiring to be ever continued in her Majesty's gracious favour and good opinion for my services, without which I desire not to live. Carlisle, "in hast." Signed: Th. Scroope.

In respect of hast, I beseech your lordship to acquaint the "body" of the Council with so much hereof as is necessary, excusing my not writing if expected from me.

2 pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed partly by Burghley. Wafer signet.

Inclosed in the same:—

Articles to be charged against the Grames before the Lords of the Privy Council.

The day before the breaking of this castle all those Grames who are gone up and most of their friends, dined with Buclugh at the Langam with the "goodman" there young John Armstrong, and were all with Buclugh at a horse race on Ewes water the very same day the castle was broken, after the fact was done. Not one of them either "shouted" Buclugh, or any of his company neither as they came in nor as they went out, though they came through even by the doors of some of them.

Brakenhill (fn. 4) hath beggared the Queen's tenants of Whyte close near Leaven, viz., Richie, Clemy, and Bartie Stories, and the rest there, who now pay no rent to the Queen, but to him, with a black mail of 20s. yearly, and makes them serve him with "carr and coope" of late, where before they served the Queen with horse and gear. He hath kept a "coyner" at work in the top of the tower of his own house and "in Geordy Marks sheyld in the myllers howse end."

He resetted within this twelve month, 12 or 13 stolen horses and mares, and has yet 2 about his house and 4 with his servants or tenants.

Micle Rowye his man, was met on Stainemore about Tuesday before Palm Sunday last, with a "browne beld stage of 3 yeres old," stolen about Richmond.

Brakenhill also stands indicted in the King's Bench of 3 or 4 murders, and is outlawed therefor.

William Grame of the Mott spoiled John Taylier a Queen's tenant on Lyddell side about the Rydings, cut down the Queen's wood there, and keeps as servants one William Lambe and Davye Richieson, common and notorious spoilers of the Queen's subjects. About Michaelmas last, Willie of the Mott was at the "herishipp" of one Richison of Barnehurst upon Kinge water, when he murdered a Richison. Lambe, Davye Richison and Wolsay were with him, and that night he lay at Askerton, Thomas Carleton's house.

William Jock murdered Sime of Medop, shooting him through the head with a "dagg" on the moor beyond the Brades Robes about two years past. Sime cried out to Jock to be a good brother, as he had saved his life in the last chase they were in, but Jock shot him suddenly, and then threw down his "dagg" crying "Alas! I have lost England for this."

He was also with Brackenhill at the murder of Pearcivalles Geordy Grame.

Also when Wills Jock took a notorious Scots thief, whom I ordered him to bring before me, and "he offered to take uppon hym Hectors cloke" if he did not, yet he let him go, and another thief whom Captain Carvell "willed" him to bring before me.

He resetted daily, against my command, Dick Urwin and Runions Davye, in his house at Scalebye, and had them openly at his son's marriage, in presence of Mr Richard Lowther. They are notorious spoilers and murderers, one a Scotsman, the other an Englishman.

The tenants of Water Grame have spoiled divers of her Majesty's tenants in Lucknes, both before his going upp, and since, twice within this week. The offenders' names are Dick and Eky Bradbelts. Signed: Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Notes on margin by Scroope and Burghley. Indorsed by Burghley and his secretary.

286. Richard Grame's debt. [June 20.]

Cumberland,—Manor of Askerton.

Richard Grame gentleman, bailiff there, on the close of his compotus 37
Eliz. for the past issues of his office that year 15l. 10s. 8d.
For perquisites of court falling 32 Eliz. 3s. 6d.
For fines and grassums due 33 Eliz. 8l. 2s. 8d.
For perquisites of court at other courts 32 Eliz. 29s. 6d.
For the like [...] 33 Eliz. 10s. 8d.
For other fines due by him 25s.
For perquisites of court 35 Eliz. 25s.

Total debt 28l. 7s. "besides" 13l. 4s. "for the moitie of the rent of the said manner due at Whitsuntide now last past."

½ p. Latin. Indorsed by Burghley: "Ric. Grayms dett for Askerton."

287. John Carey to Burghley. [June 23.]

The "miserable estate" of the poor garrison forces me to remind your honor of the warrant in due time, who shall make their pay as usual.

Seeing I cannot have her Majesty's leave to come up to see her, or to settle my estate, &c., I have thought good to send my wife for these causes, and to settle and place her children, left hitherto in very ill order; humbly praying your honor, that if she, having a womanly care of her husband's estate, and desire to provide for her children, "comonlie the mothers care," be a suitor to her Majesty for any thing reasonable in your judgment, it will please you to further her therein. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

288. John Carey to Sir R. Cecil. [June 23.]

On behalf of his wife in same business. She "is a verie ill suter," praying him "not to discorrage her in her first sute, she beinge one that will sone be snybed." If her suit be reasonable, then to assist her—if unreasonable, then to let her know it at once, to save himself trouble. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

289. Eure to Burghley. [June 26. 1596.]

According to the Council's letter, on 20th instant I conferred at Morpeth town with most of the gentlemen of Morpeth, Castle, and Tindale wards, acquainting those present with the contents, who subscribed a book charging themselves proportionally with light horse. Great want of appearance of gentlemen, but in time an increase will be had. The country is so negligent in service, I cannot work as I would; "God mend us."

I intend to be at Alnwick on Monday 28th instant, and hope following them to their houses will avoid all excuses.

I would be glad to know if her Majesty's commission will redress bills before my entry, before meeting Sir Robert Kerr on 20th July as appointed. He is "harde bent" against redress before his entry, which was when I entered, for his father was warden before—and if you think good to refer all unredressed bills before our entries to a commission, it would give an open passage to justice.

The like with Buccleuch, with whose deputies I have consented to a meeting by his own appointment about the beginning of next month—not having met him myself because of his untowardness of late—to try the true meaning of his faithful assurances.

I would remind you of Harbottle, and what portion it would please you to repair, for the surveyor was partly directed by Nicholas Forster. I hope you will grant a larger proportion, even though not so much as needed, and as I wish it appeared to your view.

The gaol here is a danger to the whole town, from its want of repair, the multitude of prisoners, and dangerous sickness. Now is the season for building.

I thank you for continuing the soldiers, whose service is most needful. As yet I have none of the "callivers," &c., from Newcastle. Mr Musgrave tells me the Queen's prices are, callyvers, 20s., barrel of powder, 5l., a bow, 3s. 4d., sheaf of arrows, 2s. 6d., pikes, 3s. 4d., all very high for this country, and I pray for some mitigation. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Closely written. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet.

290. James Swino to Sir William Bowes. [June 26.]

"My lord Hume caused me ride to Hume with him, for that he had directed the Larde of Wetherburne and his secretarie to ride to Wetherburne, where he hathe written to the Kinge of your proceedinge, as allso these lettres inclosed for you, all which were brought this morninge to him to peruse and signe." One of these is the copy of that he sent to the King word by word. "I found by him a great discontent with Sesford and Buckclugh doinges, and I hard they sent to my lord upon his returne to you, to have taken his horse and come his waies, thinkinge thereby you wolde have followed with force, and thereby broken the peace." My lord said he would not, but he would put his honor and life on your word. Whereby he gathereth they would have brought him "in the laps" of their disobedience, and made some public invasion. "Pardon me Sir, I trouble you with these idle lynes. God preserve you." James Swino.

¾ p. Indorsed: "Coppie of Mr Swinoes lettre to Sir William Bowes June 26."

291. D. Fletcher to Burghley. [June 30.]

I have talked with and taken the Graymes' answer to this effect. They were drawn to the "patronage" of the tenants of Lanercost [Leonard coast] by the old Lord Scroop in default of their landlord Mr Christopher Dacres. Touching blackmail "(which as they define it is nothing ells but a protection money or a reward pro clientela)," they deny receiving any but in satisfaction of money they laid out in redemption of the tenants' goods with their own consents, which could be recovered no other way for want of a warden in the Scottish Middle Marches. They protest earnestly "(and it semeth trulie)" their innocence of abetting the Scotsmen that harried the tenants, saying it is the false suggestion of Jefferie Bell and Rowland Robson, who are men of "verie bad qualitie fiet to bee suborned for very small reward." I have sent you their answers at large if it please you to be troubled perusing them. On inquiry, as directed in your letter, what lands they hold of her Majesty? I find that none but Richard Graym, holds land of her in the barony of Gilsland; he that holds of the barony of Burgh is another Richard Grayme. Many are of the same "forename," and if their "distinction" had been set down in the note, and their dwelling places, they could have answered for most of the rest, what lands they hold in either barony. They humbly crave their dismissal or trial, for since they came up the Scots have harried their tenants. "They promise to praie for" your lordship, and to do good service if occasion occurs. I note in them some "splene" towards Lord Scroop, as if his accusation had wronged them, and if your lordship bestowed on them some "grave admonition" when they are discharged, it might do good in making them observe their duty to his lordship. London. Not signed.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed by Burghley's secretary: "Mr D. Fletcher to my lord," &c.

Inclosed in the same:—

(1) Answer of Richard and William Grayms to the deposition of Rowland Robson, &c., on behalf of Jefferie Bell.

Richard Graym denies the 1st, 2nd, and 3d articles touching blackmail, and only received such money as he had expended in redeeming the tenants' goods. The old Lord Scroop drew him into the matter thus—Mr Christopher Dakers, being "a very weak man" sufferd the Scots to spoil his tenants in Lanercost. On their complaint to Lord Scroop, "their saied master or landlord fledd out of the country and removed himself to another place 30 miles distant from the Scottish borders." Whereon Lord Scroop told them so soon as a warden of the Midle March of Scotland or keeper of Liddesdale was appointed, they should have redress under March law. But as they could not endure till then, they begged Lord Scroope to send for Richard Graym to be their defender. On Lord Scroop's letter directing him to come forthwith, Richard came, not knowing why he was sent for, and on his lordship's request to him to assist his poor neighbours, agreed to do what he could, though it was too much for him to undertake, and appointed 2 servants to watch, and watched himself at divers times. Lord Scroop of himself, offering to give 20 nobles betwixt the 2 men—which continued during the lives of Lord Scroop and Mr Dakers. After which the Scots made great invasion and spoil on the broken March, and the tenants again complained to the deputy warden, and hearing he could do nothing for want of an officer opposite, they were forced to return to Richard Graeme craving his defence again, which he did, and so continued till "called for by the now Lord Scroop," aiding and rescuing them to the uttermost he could on both sides of the March.

To the 4th—the spoil on Jeffery Bell and Rowland Robson—he was no way a party or "witting" to it, or knew of it till Bell himself told him 8 days after. Nor thinks any of his "kinred" were actors in it, save one Hector Armstrong and one Paton Armstrong, who is his great enemy as my lord warden knoweth, only for his service defending the Border.

To the 5th—he saieth his servant William. Haier who was one of the watchmen appointed by the "old Lord Scroop, rode with one Thomas Hetherington to the house of Richard Hetherington near adjoining to Rowland Robson's house, to make their account for wares bought and sold between them, and for no such cause as suspected.

To the 6th—Denies that he ever had such a book or rental of blackmail or published it in Arthuret or Cannonbie, or elsewhere.

To the 7th—The said Richard and William Graime utterly deny that they consented or conversed with the actors in said disorder, and offer to stand trial before Lord Scrope or any other.

To the 10th—They know nothing of the value of the goods taken from Bell and Robson, or if they lost anything—except from these parties' own report.

2 pp. In same hand as the letter. Indorsed partly by Burghley.

(2) Lands held by the Graymes of the Queen in the baronies of Burgh and Gilsland.

Richard Greym says he holds no land in Burgh, but only in Gilsland barony (where he has borne the office of bailiff these 20 years) he holds as in the note, viz., 1 tenement with 12 acres arable and 20 of meadow, for which he pays the Queen yearly 13s. 4d. to the auditor Mr Bradell. For her Majesty's rent for the manor of Askerton, he confesses there is "beehind" unpaid as in the note, 28l. 7s., which he has never received through the poverty of the tenants, and continual spoil of the Scots, leaving nothing to be "distreyned." He craves your lordships' direction what course to take for recovery, and offers his services to the uttermost. He has given orders for the payment of the "moytie" of the rent of said manor due at Whitsunday last, being here at London at the time it should have been paid. Signed: Richard × Greyms mark.

William Greym holds no land of the Queen in either of said baronies. Signed: William Grayme.

Walter Greym and John Greym hold no land at all in either of said baronies; if any rent be behind to the Queen, they suppose it rests in the hands of the steward Henrie Lee, or other officer. Signed: Walter Grame, J. Graham.

William Greym of the Rosetrees and Hutchin Greym alias Ritches Hutchen, likewise affirm they hold no land at all in either of said baronies, but only in Eask. Signed: Wyllime Ghrayime of Rostreis, Hutchen × Greyms mark.

2 pp. Indorsed partly by Burghley.


  • 1. Lanercost.
  • 2. Remainder holograph.
  • 3. Burghley notes "90 callyvers."
  • 4. "Richard Graym" noted by Burghley.