Border Papers volume 2: August 1596

Pages 164-183

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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324. Provision at Berwick. [Aug. 1.]

The "remaine" in the Queen's store on 1 Aug. 1596.

Wheat, 180 qrs.; rye, 81 qrs.; meal, 26 qrs.; malt, 333 qrs.; beans, 40 qrs.

Oxen, 9; "kyne," 1; "weathers," 72.

Butter, 14 firkins. Island cod, 100; Wardhouse cod, 400.

Ex. per William Vernon, signed: Thomas Clark.

½ p. Indorsed: (as title).

325. The six Grames to Burghley. [Aug. 1.]

Declaring their innocence of the crimes whereof they were accused before the Privy Council, while thanking their lordships for the justice they have received. Though they can never requite his favour, they will answer the same to him and his by hearty prayers to Almighty God, and all other services which men of their sort shall be able to perform, preferring to show their innocence rather by deed than word or promise. Also hoping to satisfy Lord Scrope, who has conceived displeasure, rather by the suggestion of their adversaries than of his own knowledge. London. Signed: Walter Grame, Will Grayme, Rychart Grame (fn. 1), J. Grame, Wyllyime Grayme, Howchane Grame.

¾ p. Addressed. Corrected and indorsed by Burghley: "Primo Augusti 1596; a lettre of vj Grayms to the Lord Tresorer."

326. Sir R. Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 2.]

I have received your letter with her Majesty's warrant for me "to contynew her officer here till she shall please to appoint an other warden." I will do my best while I am able. "But (good my lord), being thus placed by her Majestie, and the countrey esteamyng me warden, it wilbe my discredytt to be displaist without cause"—wherein I beg your good favour.

As directed, I send you the spoils for this twelvemonth. But I hear Cesford has commanded all under him to bring in all spoils against this March for 10 years past, and means to present them to the King to acquit my complaint.

I am right heartily sorry to hear from your lordship my father is found so far in the Queen's debt. But surely he has spent it in her service, "for I cannot learne he hath purchased any land for his children, and I feare I shall be a feeling wytnesse to my self therof; for the rent of Norrham I assure your lordship, hathe bene allwayes paid to the receavour of Yorkshire, as by his acquittances do the appeare, which I have to show your lordship." Berwick. Signed: Rob. Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

Note of "stoulthes reafes," &c., committed by the Scots, presented to me this year, and number and value of goods stolen, except horses, which are not priced, but referred to the owners' oaths, as agreed by the Commissioners of both realms—which horses will come to far more than all the rest.


From John Strother of Killam gentleman, by Stephen Burne of the Loughe, Jock and Gilbert Burne his bretheren, Watty Yong of the Knowe, &c., at Martinmas last, 12 kyen and oxen, 1 young horse and a mare.

From Nicholas Hooke of Killam yeoman, by the goodman of Elysheughe, Tom Young alias Tom "with the stowers," Jocke Yonge alias Jock of the Blackhall, &c., about Lammas 1595, 6 kyen and oxen.

From Robert Read of Dunston about Michaelmas 1595, by James Yonge alias James of the Coave elder, Thomas Yonge his brother, and said Tom of the stowers, 4 oxen, 3 kyen, 1 nag, 1 mare.

From John Fynch of Twysell house gentleman, by George Tate of Bareasse, David and William Tates, his son and brother, &c., at Lammas, 8 oxen.

From John Muschamp of Lyame hall by Jock Brewhouse of the Narrowe elder, &c., about 17 July 1595, 40 "yewes."

From William Strother of Kirkenewton esquire, by Robert and Symond Hall of Heavysyde and John Hall of the Sykes, &c., at Midsummer 1595, a grey horse and a mare.

From same by Androe Ellet of the Burne grainge alias Andro "the woer," Martyne "mend the kayle," &c., in 1595, 92 ewes and wethers.

From William Hall and Symond Vaughe of West Newton yeomen, by Rayphe and William Aynsley, &c., in 1595, 3 kye, 2 oxen, and insight worth 20 nobles.

Sir Robert Kerre the warden of Scotland came with 60 horse 8 miles into England to Woller, and slew 2 men there at night, "sounding his trompett in the towne gate while they were a killing, and all the way home." And same night slew another man in a town called Killam.

All these were committed in the half year before my entrance to office. And more will be presented, if the county heard of some days of truce to be holden.

Breviate of the above and valuation as rated by the Commissioners of both realms.

Oxen 74, value 148l.; kine 61, value 91l. 10s.; horses, nags and mares, 43 [not valued]; ewes 163, value 48l. 18s.; wethers 119, value 35l. 4s.; insight gear 28l. Men slain by the warden, 3; men "laymd" by other Scots, 2. The whole, exclusive of the horses, is 351l. 12s.

[The note of these done in his office since he entered, is similar to that inclosed in No. 295.]

"I have not set downe the names of many of the Scotsmen that have of late committed sondrye of thes stoulthes, for that thei ar not perfectlye knowne as yet who thei are."

Breviate of these slaughters, &c., since my entrance, and valuation of the spoils.

Oxen, 162, value 323l.; kyen, 184, value 276l.; ewes and wethers, 1098, value 329l. 8s.; horses and mares, 49 [not valued]; young neat, 17, value 8l. 10s.; insight gear, 16l. 13s. 4d. The whole sum, besides the horses, is 954l. 11s. 4d.

Men slain, 5—one by the warden, one by Sir John Kerre, the rest by others.

11 pp. Indorsed partly by Burghley: "A note of the spoiles done in theast Marche by the Scottes sence the beginninge of the yeare of our lord 1595. England."

327. Eure to Burghley. [Aug. 2.]

Buccleuch's "unkindenes" with Lord Scrope furthers roads in that March, chiefly Gilsland, which weaken this March for resistance. There was some kindness between me and "Baclughe" for general justice, which I labour to continue, knowing our weakness is not yet repaired. But I fear when the corn is off the ground, and their horses bettered, the roades will be more "spightefull and noysome" to us all. Cesford is displeased with Sir Robert Carey for killing "of Dagleashe."

Johnston is in high displeasure with my March, for that William Fenwick of Wallington in following certain Scots come to steal his horses, slew two of them, one an Ellot, the other a Johnstone.

This is our state—Cesford in terms with me, and unkind with the East. "Baclughe" in terms with me, and not with Lord Scrope. Johnston "newlie made warden of the West," in kindness with Lord Scrope, in "collor" with my March. This course is not safe for the Queen's subjects, and I pray your consideration.

The truce day deferred from 20 July to 17 August is like to hold.

I pray your opinion for continuing the same and as to meeting with Buccleuch. I send you a note of the spoils and fires in the West March since Midsummer "by common brewte." Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before. Inclosing No. 330.

328. Eure to Burghley. [Aug. 2.]

"Geve me leave with your lordship favoure and honorable assistance humblie to intreate your lordship good meanes for the place at Barwicke which my lord Chamberlaine injoyed, I maye obteyne at her Majesties hands: in which place my father formerlie served with his princes favoure and good lykeinge. My selfe not worthie, yett desiorus to ymitate my ancestors in truth dewtie and service. Yf your lordship vouchsaifed me favoure and countenance, I shall comforth my selfe hearein, and withoute yt be by your lordship honorable means and lykeing, I will neyther further crave nor desier the same; restinge onlie upon your lordships honorable love and not ells." Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

½ p. Holograph. Address (holograph). Indorsed: " Lord Eure to my lord. For the capteineship of Barwick." Wafer signet as before.

329. John Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 2.]

I have thought good to answer your letter of 26th July in every point, "so nere as God shall geve me grace. Toichinge the death of my lord my father, I can say litle, but for that he was a man, therefore he died, and so shall all men, and I must beare my parte in his losse, as many others must doe. God in heaven make us all redy to dye and quietlie to beare our bordens."

Your honor writes further that the Queen commands me to take care for the government of this town, for which you say I have authority as Marshal—" whose veri name shall ever make me to leave wief and children and all that I have in the world, with adventuringe of many lyves, yf I had them, to do her service withowt further question, save onlie her name." I was but my father's deputy, whereon my authority is now "seased," yet I would have taken such care of the town, till her Majesty appointed another governor or called me away. The case stands thus—as my father's deputy, I was to do what he commanded me, and he to answer therefor. His death has clean cut off my authority. Your letter of 23d July was sufficient to make me stay and attend the Queen's pleasure here. Your letter of 26th gives me no further credit or authority than I had, but as I have to do both with Scots "(who are a subtill and a connynge generacion)," and with many here who will "skan" and soon find out what power a man hath, and if it is "not verie good, they will soon growe to contempt, and from contempt to tumulttes and mutenies," regarding nothing once they find authority weak. Wherefore let me have such reasonable authority, if I stay here with the Queen's pleasure, that "I may boldlie commaund and they dare not disobey."

You write of her Majesty's "mislikinge of the slaughter of Jock Daglisse," being "verie barbarous and seldom used emonge the Turckes." I am sorry to displease her Majesty, but if the slaughter of 3 poor men her subjects in Woller, by Cesford himself, with 80 horse and "trompett sownded," and another subject Will Storie likewise slaughtered, with near 100 horse " and trompett sounded;" all this begun "but for one shepe hogg that was taken from Sesfordes sheppherd, so highlie was Sesfordes honor toiched therein! Nor if the slaughter of a verie honest yeoman subject to her Majestie, going at his ploughe withowt intent of hurt, being slayne by Sir John Carr, who came first to the poore mans wief, and askt where he was? who showed him where her husband was, going at the plowe, emonge manie others, and Sir John asking among the poore men which was Bowlton? came to the poore man him self where he was, and asked him his name, whereupon the poore man in good manner put of his hatt, tould him his name was Bowlton: presentlie Sir John verie valientlie drewe owt his sword and cutt him three blowes upon the head, and left the rest of his companie to cutt him all in peces." This Sir John soon after fetched two protected Scotsmen out of England, drowned one crossing "the water," and hanged the other in Scotland. "Nor if the comming afterward of certen Scottes into a gentillmans house of good name, and bothe stowt and honest, called Mr John Selby of Tynedale house, into whose house they brake, and murdered, cutting him all to peces, withowt any quarrell knowen either to him or his frendes, save that he was a man that loved not theves—besides the wonderfull and extreme bloddy hurting of yong Mr Haggerston, Thomas Burrell and manie others hir Majesties subjectes, most cruellie mangled, besydes destroying and laying wast of divers townes of her Majesties borders, will not serve for the killing of one theif"—then let me be punished as her Majesty pleases.

But to satisfy your honour in all points, that you may better answer it—the truth is, at my first coming here, her Majesty's "skowt" was twice shot by Scots, under the walls in danger of death, which I certified and would fayne have had leave to revenge—cattle were taken under the castle walls, and also out of the Connygares, a privileged place, too great a dishonour " to carry," but I saw the Queen's dislike of "troubles."

This last Candlemas eve, this Jock Daglisse and three friends, seeing things thus passed quietly, "came into the Bowndes, no, he came into the Snoke and into Mawdlyn fildes, where never Scottesman came so nere us before"—for we thought it as close as within the walls—and took 6 horses. I knew in 3 days where they were, and sent both to him and his friends, but only got ill words for satisfaction. Whereon seeing things getting worse and worse, I thought best to give them some "snuffle" and make them afraid, ordering the garrison to go to his house and bring him to me, who chanced to be killed in its defence. The King called him "a sackles gentillman," yet before this he came and took 16 kyne and oxen and 2 garrison nags out of the castle fields, whereon Mr Bowes now ambassador in Scotland, laboured and spent much money and got no redress—also he took Mr Vernon's wethers out of Gaynes Lawe, a place for the Queen's store, and with some Pringles, he took the "harrage" and all the cattle of Ruggeley, and though delivered for the same, was afterwards "borrowed (fn. 2) home againe," the most of the bill being still unpaid. This is the King's "sackles man," and if any punishment be due for his slaughter, it must needs be to me who ordered his death, and am ready at the Queen's pleasure.

Mr Bowes' son is here making the ordinary pay—he is "veri honest and carefull," and if there is any want, it will be " for lack of money which he should receave," but he hopes to satisfy all, whereon I shall report in my next.

I have the note of Mr Vernon's you sent, and have returned another to your honor under his officer's hands, showing what remains in store Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Inclosing No. 324.

330. Spoils on West Marches. [Aug. 2.]

The burnings, &c., by the Scots on the West March since the taking of Kinmonth 1596.


Between 19 June and 24 July—cattle stolen, 1061, horses stolen 98.

List of between 25 and 30 steadings, &c., mostly in Gilsland, burned, &c. On 29th June—Robin of the Lake spoiled of 185 cattle and 20 horses. On 7 July—Richies Wills Grame, of 12 horses. On Monday 12 July—Rinnion hills, West Garth, Trocrossett, Mooer gardes, spoiled at a day foray by the Nixsons, Crosiers and Ellots of Burnheades, of 400 cattle, and 6 horses.

pp. Written by Eure's clerk. Indorsed by Eure.

331. Articles signed by the Grames. [Aug. 2.]

Answer of Walter Grame, &c., to the articles proposed to them by the Lords of the Privy Council—"for perfourming whearof they yeald themselves to enter bond to the Queens most excellent Majestie, and doo testifie the same by their subscription to every article."

[In same terms as No. 319. They sign each of the eleven articles.] Signed: Walter Grame, Will Grayme, Richard Grayme, Wyllyme Grayme, J. Grame, Howchane Grame.

On a broad sheet. Indorsed partly by Burghley.

332. Scrope to Sir R. Cecil. [Aug. 3.]

Lest the envious should detract from the truth, I certify the "true evente of Sondaye nightes trouble on the Border," thus. Some of the Queen's subjects here put their cattle "to grass and sommerringe" with Robert Grame, otherwise Rob of the Lake, who depastured them within Scotland among his own and those of his friends. It fell out, after those Grames with you wrote of their hopes of favour, some of their friends and allies, with the Elwoods, reft and carried off all these cattle. But this is mere cunning and policy as I wrote before, to move her Majesty and the Council's compassion, and let some of "those above" come down to defend their neighbours. So I called Grame before me, threatening if he caused not restitution to the poor men of the goods taken by his "knaverie," he should lie in prison till they were satisfied. Whereon he apprehended an Elwood, who was there, and made show to hold him for payment of that bill. Yesterday there should have been a "traiste" between the Grames and the Scotsmen for satisfying the goods—but to prevent this, and cheat the poor men, and "give the Grames with you occasion of newe complainte and moyanes of favour," the said Rob let himself be taken prisoner to Scotland, in the hope it should seem, "to have a Rowland changed for an Olliver, one knave to free another." The presumptions that his taking was voluntary are—the very day before his capture, those in assurance with him, gave it up, and warned him 3 several times they would seek to take him that night. But he neither fled his house nor defended it, though he had guns, powder, and bullet, by offering shot at the assaulters, nor warned his neighbours the Grames, or if he did, they helped him no better than for the rescue of the last goods taken by the Scots from Gilsland on Friday last—where 60 Grames met 20 foot driving goods, but neither offered to stop or rescue. And though they can raise 300 men, yet not 16 were seen to rise to come to his relief.

He was taken in this manner—"the Laird of Buclugh in person, accompanied with the Scottes of his own surname, and the Elwoods, with the Bells and Carliells, to the number of 400 men, with his trompettour and two banners (as they tearme them) which I take to be giddons or pencilles for horsemen) assaulted the howse which was stronge, but with fyer to the dore had smoked him oute before the men which I sent from hence so soone as I gott word therof, coulde come to releive him. Buclugh takinge prisoner awaye with him, 3 of the Grames of Meddopp, whom I holde in as litle danger as him selfe." Thus her Majesty may see Buccleuch's mind to justice for injuries, taking such "fashions of warr."

Last night intending the apprehension of some that were at this castle, and recover the above prisoners, we made an incursion in Buclughs office—but missing the men sought, they brought off 14 score kye and oxen, 400 sheep, and some horses, firing their houses, as they do ours almost nightly. If those burnings go on, tolerated by both princes, the frontiers will both be laid waste, and her Majesty must needs send some horse to defend this March. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

I shall keep the gentlemen of the country here for their advice and help, till her Majesty resolve to send relief.

I had prepared the inclosed to be deposed before the two judges here, and the witnesses were ready to swear, but the judges not being directed, made some scruple to be privy to it. But I send it as it is, for you to acquaint their lordships with it.

2 pp. Marginal notes by Burghley. Addressed. Indorsed.

Inclosed in the same:—

"At Carliell the third daye of Auguste 1596 befor her Majesties Justices of Assize whose names ar underwritten:—

First—Robert Grame otherwise called Rob of the Faulde wittnesseth uppon his othe, that the daye of Baclughes horsrace, before the breakinge of this castell, Richard Grame of Brakenhill (as he thinketh) was on the feilde. But he knoweth that William Grame called of the Rosetrees, yonge Hutcheon Grame, Walter Grame, William Grame of the Mote, Richies Will and Wills Jocke were there, and all did speake with Buclughe. And that yonge "Hutcheon mett Buclughe that daye eight myles above the Langham, who also (as one uppon the feilde that daye hath tolde the said Rob of the Fauld) was the first man which moved Buclughe to make the attempte at this castell. Also he saythe that Water Grame, yonge Hutcheon, and Rosetrees did all dyne the same daye with Buclughe at the Langham. And that at Buclughes cominge to this castell, there was a man, whom Rob of the Faulde cannot name, which came oute of the howse of Will of Rosetrees to Buclughes hoste, and that Watt Scott and Will of Kinmont with halfe a score in companie, as they went from this castell, called Will of Rosetrees oute of his howse, and oppenly demaunded to borrow his dogges.

"Also Robert Forster of the Stainegarthsyde, in like maner witnesseth that at the abovenamed horsrace him selfe was on the feilde, wher he also sawe Walter Grame of Netherby, William Grame of the Rosetrees, Richies Will, Will of the Mote, yonge Hutcheon Grame, Rob of the Faulde, and his sonne Will. All these were carried unto Buclugh one by one, by Willy Kange, and had conference with Buclughe. Rosetrees, yonge Hutcheon and Will of the Faulde dyned the same day with Buclugh at the Langham. Sithence which daye, there hath verie grett truste and kyndnes contynued betwixt them and Buclughe, who hath hitherto caused all their nolte which have bin taken from them, to be sent home againe to them, and maketh greate meanes for their nagges in the handes of the Trumbles."

1 p. Written by Scrope's clerk. Annotated and indorsed by Burghley.

333. John Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 6.]

I can now satisfy your honour that the half year's pay is fully made without complaint—for this day the trumpet sounded to know if any man could "challenge" anything, and for ought I hear, all are satisfied. Young Mr Raphe Bowes himself is gone to Scotland for 4 or 5 days to see his father.

I would remind you of my "ould sewte" for the appointment of a lord governor here, that I may have some liberty to go about my own affairs, "which do ymport me greatelie,"—besides the state of the town and country requires reform by a man of authority. Yet if the Queen's pleasure be to continue things as they are, I shall do my best for her service. But she must needs establish me in some place and authority by her warrant "publiquelie knowen," and I trust your honour will consider that it is not 240l. a year will defray the charges of a chief magistrate here, and if her Majesty will have me stay till she "have considered better of it," that it will please her of her "gratious goodnes," to give me out of the governor's fee, "which is verie nere 1100l. a yere for his governorship and his wardenry, but onlie 200l. a yere that is allowed him by the Quenes benevolence: which will make me be the better hable to kepe a better porte and countenance." I would it might please her also to give me leave to come up for six weeks to dispatch my affairs before Michaelmas—my brother Sir Robert Carey being here, ready to supply my place if it please her. This done, I shall remain here for life if she so command, but I have so very great business for this present and would gladly see my other friends yet left alive, before either I my self or some of them die, that I hope you will consider my case rightly. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet, faint.

334. Petition Richard and John Graime to Burghley. [Aug. 7.]

Representing that themselves and 24 of their name and kindred stand outlawed for the death of Percivalles Geordie—that though their indictments contain apparent errors, the copies they took are not authentic, and without "copies of creditt" they cannot procure their writ of error; praying his lordship to give them the copies in his hands, that the Queen's counsel may be satisfied, and their own estate relieved. Not signed.

1 p. Addressed (at head). Indorsed partly by Burghley: "7 Aug. 1596. The humble peticion of the Graims, for copyes of ther inditments anno 26 Elizabeth."

335. R. Vernon to Burghley. [Aug. 9.]

Begging his lordship to consider his petitions, yet not desiring to press him farther than her Majesty is "tied" by her grant to pay him, or to relieve him of his losses incurred by the want of it. That whatever she now pays, will be expended on victuals, thus benefitting herself. Prays early consideration. Signed: Robert Vernon.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

336. Scrope to Burghley. [Aug. 10.]

Your letter of 3d came to me this day. "By which emongst other thinges, your lordship desiereth to be satisfyed in the manner of the takinge of Kinmonte, and cause of his detayninge. The first I verilie hoped that the paper mentioned in your lordshippes lettre, together with my lettre therewith, would have satisfyed your lordship. Th'other, namely for his detayninge in prison afterwardes, it will better appeare by this inclosed, the copie of my lettre to her Majesties ambassador, at such tyme as the Kinge called uppon th'ambassador to cause Kinmonte to be put to libertie. Also I had th'opinion of some of good accompte and longe experience in Border causes, who thoughte Kinmonte to be a lawfull prisoner, if a Scotsman in tyme of peace maye be a lawfull prisoner, as the Scottes use to make such Englishmen as they can gett into their handes. But thoughe he had bin both unlawfallie taken and unjustlie detayned: yet besyds the reformacion therof by the course of the Marche lawes, I my selfe offered before Buclughes attempte at this castell, that two might be sent from me and Buclugh, to laye before the Kinge and our ambassador that either of us had wronged other: and that theron I woulde repaire what was faultie on my behalfe, so that I might fynde the like from him, as more at large maye appeare to your lordship by the said copie of my lettre herein inclosed to your lordship. So that Buclugh had no just cause to do such indignitie to her Majestie as he did in his proude assault and breatch of this her highnes castell—the matter cheifly to be regarded." If I have pressed the matter more than is fitting at present, it has proceeded from my regard to her Majesty's honour, which I thought blemished, if such an offence went unpunished, "Buclugh beinge a publique person set in his place to punishe, and not to comitt offences." Let me recount some of his offences before he was officer—first, in person, taking Captain Bellas prisoner and killing many of his soldiers at the "East hand." Soon after, taking and killing some of Captain Beston's soldiers in the Middle Marches—after that in person, at killing some of Captain Morisoie's "horsband," and Captain Ellice's foot band on this March. Since he was officer, in person "(as is sayed)" at killing 4 of the Queen's subjects in the Middle March,—also at the house of Geordies Sandies in this March to take him prisoner—at Richies Will's house, where he took a great spoil, for which Richies Will compounded with him—then at the attempt at this castle. Lastly at besieging Robert Grame of the Lake in the house of David Grame of the Banckhead, taking said Robert and 3 or 4 Grames of Medopp prisoners, as I advertised to Sir Robert Cecil in my last—though but a plot, as his release and their coming home, "doth approve." Lastly on Friday night last, he was ready with 3000 men on "the border syde" to invade us, but seeing by our beacon fires, I had warning, retired without more damage than his forayers had done by firing a house in Gilsland, soon "quenched." Yet this man is thought fit by the King and Council to be still officer!

The Laird Johnston is made warden of the West March, and has let me know he will stay all incursions till the princes resolve on justice, on receiving the like from me—which I have promised to do, though I think it will be dispensed with on the coming home of some of those Grames with you. My mislike both of them and Buclugh "their capten at this castell," and my reasons therefor, I pray you not to be offended if I refer you to the review of my former letters to your self and Sir Robert Cecil. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

337. William Selby (senior) to Burghley. [Aug. 10.]

According to my duty I inclose your honour a certificate of the state of the town gates.

It having pleased God to call the Lord Governor of this place to his mercy—as your honor has always had a singular care of this place, may it please you to be a mean to her Majesty to appoint a successor who will be always present and repair the decays, which are more than I am willing to speak of, not wishing to offend any.

Mr John Carey sent out the garrison to kill a Scotsman called Dauglease. I knew nothing till I saw them on horseback, and then he only told me he was to employ them, but not where or to what intent. "Yf yt be well, I desarve noe thankes, yf yt be yll, I desarve noe blame," but as I am thought a chief actor in it, I thought good to signify my part to your honor.

"I am and wilbe ready to geve my advice in anything when I shalbe required according to my place." Berwick. Signed: Will'm Selby.

¾ p. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet, faint.

Inclosed in the above:—

Survey of the iron gates of Berwick by the gentleman porter, comptroller, surveyor, &c.

First.—The Mary Gate, next Scotland, is all worn and wasted from age—the bars not only almost consumed, but the iron hooks whereon it hangs are so decayed, that if not soon mended, that side of the town will be in danger.

Secondly.—The 2 iron gates at the bridge over Tweed, are in like decay—"especiallie that iron gaite at the keape or tower upon the bridge, is altogeather consumed bothe in the crosse barrs, hendges, and hookes thereof, as it can neither be shut nor opened but with great danger of hurtinge the porters and shouldiores of the warde . . . so as if it were not for the drawe bridge, the enymie mighte att their owne pleasure enter and take the bridge, and approche to the towne walls without any impediment or lett."

Thirdly.—The shore gate next the river, where the ships arrive—the lower part is in great decay.

Fourthly.—The "Masendewe" gate is in great decay, and some of the "hendges" quite consumed. Signed: Will'm Selby, John Crane, Will'm Acrigge.

1 p. Indorsed.

338. John Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 11.]

Having received your honor's letter of the 5th, I have taken order for "inning" the lord governor's hay, with him who looked to it in my father's time: also for the fields and other grounds being preserved for his use, whosoever the Queen bestows it on.

Touching Captain Walkar "his shute" to be restored to his place, wherein your honor requires satisfaction, with my opinion. The general good opinion of my father was such, that he would dismiss no captain without great cause. And I assure your honor of my own knowledge, that if in 3 years' continual warning of his abuses, and friendly admonitions, would have served him, "he had not bene putt owte." For my lord so favoured him, that when any soldiers came up to complain of his notorious abuses, "he wold punishe them, and lay them by the heeles," so unwilling was he to disgrace him. So at my first coming down, I was daily pestered with the complaints of his poor soldiers, sometimes the whole company, sometimes 30 or 40 coming, so that I could "never a daye" leave my chamber without hearing them, and fearing worse to come, certified my father: who then displaced him, putting in his room an honester and more sufficient man, Captain Bowyer—whom Walkar hath ever since persecuted to his almost undoing, and not long since sent a bill of complaints against him to her Majesty, whereon Bowyer was sent for to London by my father to answer these, where he remained to his great costs and charges, from "Shrovetyde till within viij daies afore my lord died."

My father sent these articles down here to be tried by the council, captains and other officers, whether true or not: meaning if true, to have replaced Walkar, but finding on our report that they were but slanders, dismissed Bowyer home again.

The causes why Walkar lost his place were these—detaining soldiers' pay,—spending it himself "in ale and aquavitae, and chopping, changing and sellinge the Quenes souldiours under his chardge, for the mayntenance of his licentions lief, as your honor shall find by a breif note hereinclosed under his clerckes owne hand: wherein your honor may find what he is indebted unto his poore souldiours perticularlie, everi yere by it self, besides manie outragious and vile usages, dailie usinge of his souldiours as countinge them dogges and his villaynes, insteed of their satisfacion." I leave it to your wisdom whether this man should be restored, and displace a far worthier man, dishonouring "my lord now beinge dead." He also accused me to my father of taking "brybes" from Captain Bowyer for getting him the place, which being proved a slander, he acknowledged "with shame enoughe" he had done wrong. If the man had been worth anything, "he would in these three yeres space . . . a thrust himself into some place, where he might (by his service) a deserved some favour, and not a lyen continewallie in an ale house, as he doth, neither regarding his owne estate, nor caring for his wief and poore famelie, who live here in veri poore case." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

(fn. 3) Your honour says in the end of your letter " that the Quenes Majestie dothe amongest all the sewters for this offes of Berwike continewe her gracyus good mynd to my Lord Willobey as she did in my lord my fathers tym; wherof I ame verey glad, so he maye be a frend to youer honer, wherof I had sum dowet befor his goinge over. But if he maye be fowend a ferme frend to youe and youers, lose no tyme, nether geve opertunetey to other menes fortunes. I dare not be to boueld, youer honer is weyse enofe."

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

339. John Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 12.]

I have nothing to trouble your honor with, but "suche stouffe" out of Scotland as I send hereinclosed. "If thes be trewe, then shall we have a stearinge life of it agayen, for if Bodwell be come, whoe I have hard befor this is ded, he will shewer be steringe. Youer honer maye beleve as you se caues." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

I pray your honor if iny wife have any occasion "ther" where you may do her good, hasten her away with some dispatch as best pleases you.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

340. Scrope to Burghley. [Aug. 14. 1596.]

I send you such news as I have this day received from Edinburgh, though I know you are more speedily informed by others there. These will show you how Buclugh abuses the King and Council by alledging his own innocence, and informing against us without cause. He has licensed the evil men in his office to continue incursions, who may "steale a roade" before I can make relief, but I trust not without speedy revenge. The other inclosed is the warning given to Robert Grame of the Layke, who with the other prisoners "ar returned" to their own houses—showing his capture was merely a cunning device of the Grames, as I said to Sir Robert Cecil.

From your last, it seems the Queen and Council have resolved to send the Grames down. I therefore remind you of my former suit to yourself and Sir Robert, to procure her highness's leave for my surrender of this office, for I assure you, if the Grames are "so let home," on their return "I will leave this charge and be gone."

The Laird Johnston now opposite warden, has written promising the stay of those under his rule, till the princes take order for bypast and future offences. So I am in good hope of better peace ensuing. I desire to hear from your lordship. Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed: ". . . Receaved at the corte at Grenewich the XXth of the same."

341. Scrope to Burghley. [Aug. 19.]

I beg you will not interpret my meaning "in my former lettre to your lordship and the rest of the counsell, then in this other to your lordshipps I have in simple truthe acknowledged." I still entreat that my charges against the Grames "maye not be taken as procedinge from any intencion in me to have their faults punished with death (as it semeth her Majesty and counsell do yet hitherto conceive)," but rather to have had their "undutifulnes and pride" reformed by some "sharpe chastismente," as her highness in her clemency, and your lordships' wisdom, should have thought convenient. And give me leave to assure you that the course hitherto taken by your lordships will be of little effect, and rather "imbolden" them and theirs, to bring in short time "the state of the borders into the nature of an anarchie or populer governement, by their dispisinge of the princes lawes, which on both sydes of the border at this hande is alreadie over slenderly regarded." Yet having in discharge of my duty shown your lordship the true state of things here, to acquaint her highness therewith, "I must still (though in best humilitie, yet most ernestly) importune your lordship so to respect me, that the handlinge of the Gremes with you, give not juste occasion of tryumphe, in sorte as hitherto bothe themselves and their frendes here have made over me . . . Thus awaytinge your honorable assistaunce in this cause, and comfortable lettre either for my countenauncinge therin from her Majesty, or of her gratious favour for leavinge this office". . . Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed.

342. Sir R. Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 19.]

As her Majesty directed, I called the gentlemen of the country before me, and declared her pleasure. They are earnest with me to have days of truce for justice. For which I have written to the King, and many times to our ambassador, and though assured by both, that I shall have meetings with Cesford for justice—nothing will serve him but a thorough revenge for "Dauglise" death, before he meet me. So except order is taken, ruin will follow.

I hear by those of experience, that when such a case has occurred, as the wardens stopping justice for private causes—the princes have appointed some special man to join with these officers to further justice. And if your lordship approves, the country and myself think Mr Bowes the best man to be thus joined with me. Berwick is the usual place of meeting, and if your lordship signified this course to the King, I think he will consent. Either this, or some other more to your liking, must be speedily taken before the "dead of wynter," for this March is the weakest of England, and "that against us" the strongest in Scotland, and the Queen may be put to great charges for soldiers if nothing is done in time. Berwick. Signed: Rob. Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

343. Eure to Burghley. [Aug. 19.]

I report to your lordship the effects of the meeting at Stawford with Sir Robert Kerr on the 17th. To prevent any breach of the peace in the present state of the Marches, we agreed to sever our main "trowpes" from each other, and a selected number not above 300 each to be guards to our persons, and that no intermeddling should take place, "these onlie to be in vewe and noe more."

The bills filed in Sir John Forster's time were to be promised delivery, and bonds then recorded "foule," to be satisfied in like manner; new bills and attempts since my entry were to be called and redressed under the treaty, by a "vower and assyse," and if justice was hindered by that form, then some other "by fylling of honor" should be used. I had with me some forces of the bishopric, and my "dearest frendes adjoining" with the force of my own March, and some of the east with Sir William Read and his band of Berwick.

In drawing out the 300 to attend me, "by reasone of the infenit disorder," the Berwick band came too near the place of meeting, which offended the Scots, Sir Robert Kerr refusing to proceed with business, unless they were discharged the field, which could not be yielded with honour, nor were they till my own departure, but joined to my other troops of horse. But the day was thus so spent that even had he been inclined, nothing could be done and divers about me were so "forward" to break the peace, that he and I appointed to meet on the March "instantlie," with 10 men each, to conclude our business. So on Tuesday next at Cocklaw our deputies are to attend and do as was agreed we should in our own persons. Thus I dismissed my company without any service done "save restrayninge and preventing of evell."

If I may give your lordship my "conceipte" of Sir Robert Kerr—"Of his naturall dispositione he is wyse, quicke sperited, perfecte in Border causes, ambisious, desyorus to be greate, pooer, not able to maynteyne his estate to his greate mynd: attended by beggars and lowse persons, whose maynteynance is by thefte supported by his countnance, against whome if anie acte be done by anie Englysheman to the hurte or prejudice of them, presentlie Sir Robert Kerr joyneth his force with his aucthoritie to make revenge." His disposition being "proan" to such courses, and the malefactors rooted in their wickedness, and nothing done to make them "labouresome" or industrious, but idle and villainous, what justice can the poor English subject expect?

If instead of "avowers" who are rarely got in Scotland, your lordship thought it better that the wardens should "speare fyle and deliver absolutlie uppon honor," and that commissioners saw that the wardens gave "cawsyons" to discharge the same truly, and the King granted his warden some small pension to prevent his consent to evil or support of "badd persons," then I hope in time honour would make him do justice—but to expect it for conscience sake, will not I fear be obtained "in one age att the leaste." I recommend these considerations to your wisdom.

I have had assurance and fair promises for justice with the Laird of "Baclugh," which he has kept in some measure, though on bad terms with Lord Scrope, whose people on the border of my March are so wasted that many have fled, and thus the Queen's subjects "in a manner" by the Scots' incroachments be removed from their shieling and summering if order be not taken. For the harm of one March weakens the other though never so strong. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

2 pp. Closely written. Noted by Burghley. Addressed. Indorsed. Wafer signet as before.

344. Scrope to the Privy Council. [Aug. 19.]

It is not one of the least of my "greifes" that your lordshippes should by my last letter gather "so much as the shadow of a thoughte in me, to charge your honoures with the overbearinge of the truthe: which I protest never entred into my thoughte, who have alwaies carried and still do beare a verie dutifull and reverend regarde of your lordshippes wisdomes and accions." My meaning was but this, that I found the truth overborne before myself by the "awfullnes" of the Grames, when I had them under examination under your directions: "as I truste also that the coherence of the sentences by conference of the wholl subject and matter of them together, maye make more manifeste to your lordshippes, howsoever the matter of that one sentence seme doubtfull to interpretacion." I humbly beg the same may be construed by my true meaning, and not "by the ambiguitie of sence."

Your lordships write you have hitherto had no proof of their concern in breaking this castle. If Buccleuch's open demand to them at the horse race—how many would join him to loose Kinmont? their private conferences, one by one, with him,—his coming and going through them without challenge—his being joined by a horseman from one of their houses where they called before his assault—be not pregnant circumstances to warrant their sharp handling as privy thereto, I must humbly submit my self and proceedings to your censures. And as I cannot, in duty to her highness, and conscience to her subjects here, stand "as an idle beholder of such barberous and unbridled outerages as the Grames have made and will committ, and still as it were in contempte as well of her Majestie as her officer in this place, eatinge upp the life and livinges of all to whom they beare mallice, unpunished for the same: and forasmuch as the lettres which they have sente downe to their frends by John Smyth and the Lairde of Newbie and others, have so animated their allies and partakers in these partes, that heare they forbeare not allreadie in open speeches to boast what they will do in revenge of the accusacion after those Grames above be once comed into the countrey:" I therefore humbly pray your lordships to move her Majesty for my surrender of this office with her good liking, intreating that my desire may not be interpreted a contempt to her, before whom "with moste loyall harte, I freely prostrate both my life and livinges: or for feare of the Grames mallice to my selfe: or yet to turne my backe to any troubles which maye happen on this frountyer: where (I thanke God) there hath bin good quietnes sithence the last incursion that our people made into Liddersdale to revenge the insolent and warlike assaulte made by Buclugh at the howse of the Banckheade, before advertised of by me—but the rather, as the truth indeed is, because I see and knowe what unpleasaunte and dishonorable services to her Majestie and discontentinge to my selfe, I shall be constrayned to undergoe if I contynue officer still." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

345. Royal Proclamation. [Aug. 20. 1596.]

The Queen being advertised of a similar proclamation by the King of Scots, commands all her subjects on the borders of England to keep peace towards Scotland; and signifies her intention of appointing commissioners to meet those of the King of Scots for redress of a multitude of bypast offences not revenged by force, as they might have been. "Mannor of Greenwich."

Black letter. A broad sheet. Printed by C. Barker. Indorsed.

346. Scrope to Burghley. [Aug. 22.]

Finding by your letter of 15th, you desire to know my "liking or mislike of the articles whereunto the Grames have submitted themselves"—it is my duty to assure you that I look for no performance of their promises, but from my experience "rather the contrarie," holding it certain, that when they are dismissed by your lordships and returned here, they will observe them only till they find opportunity to do a similar disloyal act to this last—seeing they have so easily escaped punishment. And I have no hope to govern them with honour to myself and contentment to her Majesty, unless they undergo some sharp chastisement while they are in your hands: also in my opinion, whoever succeeds me in this office shall find them worse than before.

My desire was to know what your lordship thought of my motion in my letter of 31st July—that Walter Grame, William Grame of the Mote and John Grame, be let home, and to commit or keep the other three, the principal persons in the attempt on this castle, till the behaviour of those let home showed what might be expected of the others, when released also. I am still forced to remind your lordship that they have adhered with those who have always done their uttermost to cross and disgrace me since I came to this office—entreating this may be considered.

As to Buccleuch's complaint of the Musgraves' unlawful entry with great forces into Scotland, I long since wrote to our ambassador in reply, that our lawful "trodes" for recovery of our stolen goods, have been so troubled with ambushments, &c., by the Scots, we were forced to have an "extraordynarie" number for our own safety. At the same time I wrote to Mr Bowes "that Kinmonte did neither dwell within Buclughes office, nor was taken prisoner within the boundes thereof, but dwellinge and beinge taken within the Weste Wardenrie, that officer, and not he, was to demaunde redress therein. So that albeyte Kinmonte were on the feilde in companie of those Scotsmen with Buclugh, sent that tyme to the daye of trews, yet Buclugh as it should seeme coulde not by the direct course of the treaties have demaunded satisfaccion for that offence if yt were any: but he made that onely a matter to pyke and fynde further quarrell betwixte him and me, as by my lettres therin to Mr Bowes more plainlie will appeare."

Johnston advertised me long since of the King's proclamation mentioned in your letter—but notwithstanding the same and Johnston's promises, the Armstrongs of Harlaw and Kanges, &c., broke into Gilsland immediately, and I got but excuses from Johnston in answer to my letter for redress. There have been some small "filcheries" since, and I beg to know her Majesty's pleasure for the redress of these, and any others that happen after the proclamation which your lordship writes is shortly to be sent hither—as I have forborne revenge of late, not to infringe the amity, which appeared from the King's proclamation, to bring good accord. Awaiting the Queen's pleasure for myself, "and resolucion for the Grames sharpe chastisinge, or other manner of releasinge." Carlisle. Signed: Th. Scroope.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

347. Eure to [Sir R. Cecil]. [Aug. 23. 1596.]

Complaining of the great weakness of his March on the side next Gilsland, from the late spoils of Liddesdale opening a free passage "for the wicked"—also the former spoils done by "the Scottes of the water of Reede, in Riddsdale, of the head of Tyne water, in Tindale," so possessed by them since, that the English rarely summer there, and never winter—and this he fears may ensue in Gilsland. Thinks if some "Rowlande Scotishe" were advanced at a small charge to her Majesty, the feud between Sir Robert, Kerr and Buccleuch, whose reconciliation is "not yet perfect," might be easily renewed, causing one of them "to wrecke the other," make the warden of Scotland (fn. 4) a strong faction in the court and country of Scotland, and bind him firmly to her Majesty. Thus giving her subjects time to recover their losses, and furnish themselves with horse, armour and what else they need. Sir Robert Kerr is "ambitious, proud, bloody in revenge, poore and easylie framed to anie purpose in courte or country." Craving pardon for treating in so high matters, and recommending the bearer, who was officer in Gilsland and can satisfy him of its former and present state, and the imminent danger of the Middle March adjoining it. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

1 p. Flyleaf with address, &c., gone.

348. John Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 26.]

I have your letter of the 15th instant wherein I find what greatly troubles and grieves me—that there should be so much ado for killing a notable thief—and that the Queen and your lordship should hold so hard an opinion of me for it. Humbly beseeching "you both to censer your hard judgementes," till you hear both parties. I must answer it both before England and Scotland, and knew this before I did it: and "if it do prove to be the best dead and most honorable to the Quenes Majesti, that was donne here this many a yere, then have I had a hard measure and yll incorragment for the attemptinge any service hereafter . . . And my good lord, for your honors better satisfacion, that it was not so barbarouslie nor butcherlie don as you thinck it to be, it should seeme your honor hath bene wrongfullie enformed, in sayinge he was cutt in manye peeces, after his deathe—for if he had bene cutt in many peces, he could not a lived till the next morninge, as them selves reported he did—which shewes he was not cutt in verie many peeces! but if your honor will beleve all the Scottes clamerous speces, they will say much for themselves. They had not had such a snoffle these many yeres, which makes them angrie, for feare they should have more," and be forced to live quieter.

Your honor also says the Gentleman porter has sent you a letter on the decay of the gates, signed by the controller, surveyor, and himself, without mentioning my privity.

These decays are very true, and the danger to the men who shut and open them, great. But I forbere speaking of them, for great charges have been spent on the Cowgate and bridge, bringing in some parts "of the old wale and earthe," such a piece of work as has not been done this 30 years, and I fear has taken great part of the "remayne" this year, leaving no money to do any more now. Besides unless "verie great husbandrie" be used, the gates will be "wonderfull chardgable," and before they are taken in hand, your honour must send a commission to the controller and surveyor to give an estimate, and if it please you to join me in the commission, or it may be they will favour the gentleman porter's fees too much—for his fee is to have the old gates, which will cost the Queen 500l. more than it might. Therefore you must write that the iron of the old gates must serve again, and those gates that can be any way mended, must be so used. There is very great need of those reparations, which if taken in hand next year, it were well done.

Your honour also says, I discontinue Scottish news. It is so, and yet if any news of worth come I send it—but hitherto too uncertain to rely on. However, "false or trewe," I will henceforth send only such as I get "from verie good men, as from sume of the Kinges Octaveyans and such like." And inclose some to begin with.

I pray your honour not to condemn me before hearing my answer in any thing. I will never do what is dishonest to myself or dishonourable to the Queen. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed.

349. Eure to Burghley. [Aug. 28.]

Since my last of the 19th Sir Robert Kerr has kept by deputies the day of truce at Cocklaw on the 24th, where the business was duly done. He promises to meet at any time on the March for further redress, at towns elected by each of us "interchangablie" in England and Scotland, to which with your advice, I would "rather yeald unto." For by my experience at Stawford on the 17th, my labour was chiefly to "temper" my people, instead of getting our business done. The King is thought by divers Scotsmen to "temporise," with little care for our good here. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

½ p. Addressed. Indorsed.

350. John Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 28.]

I have been many times a suitor for leave to come up—but must now be a "more earnest shuter," for while I am here, such violent courses are taken " in the extremest manner, againste those litell thinges which I have in the Southe," that I must either come up for 6 weeks to settle them, or be utterly undone. Hoping the Queen will give me leave, seeing my brother Sir Robert Carey "is a farr worthier man" than myself to take charge till my return.

I have been hardly dealt with as follows—being a poor tenant of the Queen holding her manor of West Harlsey in lease, paying her 50l. a year, truly paid ever since I was tenant, this day the poor tenants under me have come complaining that the bailiffs and other officers authorised by the high sheriff of Yorkshire came to the said manor, and drove away at night 113 oxen and kyne, with 21 horses and mares of their proper goods, to a town 3 miles off, where they "prysed" the cattle at 120l. on a bond or recognisance of 2000l. of Leonard Dakars late attainted, for the discharge of certain arrearages, due furth of the late lands of Sir James Strangwishe knight, dated 24 November in the 2d year of her Majesty's reign "that nowe is"—which goods and cattle my said tenants could not get back till they paid 17l. to the under sheriff and his men—giving bond further to pay them on 5th September next, 144l. more—a great "extremitie" I think, that I should pay the Queen 50l. a year, and my tenants have their goods thus driven "and fayne to buy their owne!" If order be not taken, I shall be ill able to pay the Queen's rent, for all the tenants are fled with their cattle, because the sheriff's men threatened them they have not done till the 2000l. is paid. The other tenants of Harlesey for whom I pay 200l. a year out of Leonard Dakar's lands are so afraid, that they dare not leave their cattle abroad, and have sent me word, that when this year is past they will have it no more—so 200l. a year is likely to be wasted, for none will dare take it. The Queen has been ever taken for "the best landlady," but it will be otherwise now if she send extents out upon her own leased lands. It was never heard of before! I pray your honour cause the sheriff redress this matter, or few tenants will hold Leonard Dakar's lands. There is much land of the "Dakarses" in other men's hands, and the Queen should not need extend upon her own. If you order the sheriff to release these poor men's bonds, I will send a solicitor between this and Michaelmas who will satisfy the Court herein.

There are many other causes wherein I am mightily wronged by some of my own friends, and I pray your honourable care that I be not utterly undone. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Swan wafer signet.

351. Sir R. Carey to Burghley. [Aug. 28.]

I have received your letter of 21st with the proclamations, which I will publish as you direct. They may well stay our few thieves here from troubling the Scots. But the King's proclamation made on the Border 3 weeks ago, does little good, for the next night after my Lord Eurye should have kept days of truce (put off by Cesford's delays) the Scots came to Alnwick "the strongest towne in all Northumberland"—took their watches, broke open stables, and carried horses and oxen clear away. And in following the fray, Mr Claveringe a justice of the peace, one of the "sufficientest" men on the whole border, was stricken down and left for dead, "and it is thought he will hardly escape it." Since my last, many petty spoils done but "not such a thing" as redress from Cesford; and the sooner commissioners meet, the better.

The 3 months allowed for the 20 horsemen is almost expired. If we get by commissioners redress for the past, and security for the time to come, "wee shall better want there helpe"—if not, we shall need them "and manye moe." I refer this to your consideration. Berwick. Signed: Rob. Carey.

1 p. Addressed. Indorsed.

352. Eure to [Sir R. Cecil]. [Aug. 28.]

Signifying that Sir Robert Kerr by deputy had kept the meeting at Cocklaw on the 24th, "where good justice was done mutually," that a day is proclaimed for another meeting in 14 days, and as often as required, within towns on either border, to avoid the risk of breaches of peace by meeting "in the feldes,"—asking his opinion thereon.

Hopes for continuance of good justice, the rather if Sir Robert Kerr might learn her Majesty's approval of his doings. Hexham. Signed: Ra. Eure.

½ p. Flyleaf with address gone.

353. Sir Robert Kerr to Eure. [Aug. 29.]

I have thought fit to make known to you the cause moving me for "the releife of my man James Younge of the Coif," unlawfully taken and kept prisoner—rather than some malicious informer should—for as you know, there are "that doe besie there wittes to brangle the peace." On his taking, I dealt with the ambassador to insist with the Selbys his takers for his relief, and informed Sir Robert Carey by his servant William Armarer, if "I was not repaired" I must take revenge, but got no help. In the end I dealt for meeting Captain Selby, but ineffectually, and they put him privately out of the part of their own March, where I took him, "in the handes of my enimies by aue allowaunce as I trust given by your lordship to the Witheringtons, who received him out of the handes of the Selbies for uttering there malice the more highlie against me," by their unreasonable restraint of him. "As I trust the gentleman Mr Raphe Graye to whom he was coming, being put on by him for discharge of his bonde, will sufficientlie maintaine." So do not mislike that I "lowsed" my man, without hurting my enemies, though I had cause—to show my good mind to the princes' will in keeping the peace, which I take to be preferring it to private revenge. Therefore since neither the prince is dishonoured, nor your country prejudiced, nor extremity "extendit," let me not be censured beyond cause; for your lordship was more highly "contemnit" by the Woodringtons, who by your allowance dared to receive him from the Selbies, than "in any sort touchit be me, be making triall of there follies." Craving excuse "for sa Jangsome discourse . . . I take my leave." Cesford. Sir Robert Kerr.

pp. Copy by Eure's clerk. Indorsed partly by Eure: "Vera copia. Sir Robert Ker his lettre directed to the Lord Eure lord wardaine."

354. English attempts, &c., on Marches.

"A note of suche slauchteris, stouthis, refis and oppin oppressionis as have bene committit be England upoun the Wast Merche and Midill Merche."

First.—2000 men led by the Musgraves and Captain Carvell by Lord Scrope's special warrant, assaulted Auchinbetrig in the Debateable land, "a hous of reasonable strenthe," but being valiantly defended, they drew off, and "farraged" the bounds, driving away 200 nolt.

Item.—8 days after led by Carvell, &c., under Lord Scrope's order, they "farraged" the most part of the Debateable land, burned 6 or 7 "onsettis" and drove away 500 kye and oxen.

Item.—The Captain of Bewcastle, with 500 men of the Middle and West Wardenry, came 6 or 7 miles within Scots ground, and carried off 300 ky and oxen, and 24 score sheep, "perteining to Johnne Armstrang of the Hoilhous."

Item.—Shortly after, 500 of the West Wardenry burned 5 or 6 "onsettis" at the Harlaw and Cannabie.

Item.—On the 25th or 26th July, 200 of the Middle Wardenry broke into Liddesdale, "thay being at thair scheillis, lipning for no harme," and carried off 30 score ky and oxen, 30 score sheep and "gait," 24 horse and mares, and all their insight, "and woundit twa puir men to the deid."

Item.—Last of all, Captain Carvell with 2000 "waigit" men, by Lord Scrope's special command, burnt "sex myle of boundes" in Liddesdale, "tuik sindrie puir men and band thame twa and twa in leisches and coirdis, and that naiket," taking them prisoners to England, foraying the haill cuntrey," took away 1000 ky and oxen, 2000 sheep and "sex scoir of hors and meiris, to the great wrak of the puir subjectis."

2 pp. In a Scottish hand. Indorsed partly by Burghley.

355. Cesford's Roll of wrongs.

"A note of the slauchters, stowthis and reiffis as hes bene committit be the inhabitantis of the Eist Wardanrye of England, upoun the inhabitantis under Sir Robert Kerris office."


1. John Dalgleishe of Wydoppin slain by Josua Dalivell, David Armorare, John Selby of Grenedoun, Lyell Struthers, son to Clement, Cuddie Johnstoun, &c., of the Berwick garrison, in his own house of Wydoppin at night, and insicht goods worth 1000l. Scots taken.

2. Robert Pringill son of Thomas P. in Halden, slain in plain daylight following his own goods on Scots ground, by Thom Ewart in Wark, John Johnstoun in the "Yet" (?) of Leirmouth's two sons, Alexander Clerk in Wark accompanied by the Constable of Wark and whole inhabitants of the barony of W., who left said Thomas Pringle and "ane dusane of personis in Halden lyand deidlie woundit in danger of thair lyffis."

3. George Chesholme "hird" to Sir Robert Ker slain by Thom Storie in Killaime, Thom Armstrang "boutfute," Jame Armstrang "how neif," his brother, in plain daylight.

4. Thomas Myddilmist in Grubet slain at night by Peter Pott and Jok Pott "the bastard" &c., in his own house there.

5. Dandye Dalgleishe in Lempetlawe slain by Albany Rutherfurd in Myddiltounhall, Hary Rutherfurd, &c., in the "nycht seasoun," and 8 score sheep reft.

6. A reif on the tenants of Yettem in daylight by Rodger Gray "ballive" of Berwick, and the rest of Mr Raulf Grayes houshold men, 20 persons, of 24 horse and mares.

7. Dand Tate in Bairers, made prisoner in his own house in B., and taken to Berwick, his "onsett" spoiled of insight gold and silver rings, &c., worth 500l. Scots carried off by Thomas Gray constable of Wark and the rest of the barony of W., "viz. James Johnston son to Alexander Clerk thair, and Thom Ewart callet Wester Thom."

8. Reif by Ninian Rowtlage, John Brewhous and Robert Moffett, all in Killame, from "the Guidman of Gaitschaw" at night out of his boundes of Lurdenlaw, of 10 score "yowes and wodders."

10. A reiff against Dand Daviesoun in Hoislaw and George Young there, in plain daylight by Alexander Davesoun of Killame, &c., of 18 kye and oxen.

13. A reiff against Dand Hoppringill in Hownam and Jame Pringill in Clifton, by Roger Struther in Caldintoun, Jame Struther in Bucktoun son to Mathew S., of 5 score ewes and wethers in daylight.

15. A reiff against the laird of Mow by George Ker of Crukehalme, troubling John Mow of Mow mains, &c., his friends, of a "trod" of 20 kye and oxen in daylight.

16. A reiff against William Sym in Yettem by Jerie Selby brother to the Laird of Paustoun, &c., for taking at night 6 ky and oxen and 30 "auld scheip."

17. A reiff on Sir Robert Ker the warden, by Nicholl Day of Killame, &c., for 50 ewes and wethers.

19. A reiff against Sir John Ker of Hirsell by Rodger Gray "ballive" of Berwick, and others, Mr Ralf Gray's household men, of 24 score "yowis and woddirs."

30. A reiff against George Tait in Bairers by William Wilkesoun in Chattoun of 6 ky and oxin in daylight, reset by the ballive of Fentoun.

35. A reiff against said James Pringill by Hector Diksoun of Hammyltoun and his son, of 17 kye and oxen out of Duncunhauch at night.

39–42. Reiffs against said Sir Robert Ker by John Rutherfurd son to Adie R. in Yearle, John Scott son to Gilbert S. there and others, of 180 "yewis and woddirs."

44–46. Reiffs on the Guidman of Gaitschaw by the young laird of Pawstoun, of 50 ewes and wethers out of Hownamgrange at night—by Will Storie in New Etall out of Hayop of 40 ewes and wethers—by Jame Rutlege "raik schaw," thence, of 40 ewes and wethers.

48. 80 men of Berwick garrison in plain daylight came to reive the goods of Altounburne township, but being "schowtit" they returned, but came to the town of Blackdane and took 24 ky and oxen.

49. "Mair—ane oppin reiff in plaine daylycht" on the laird of Greinheid and his tenants of Redden, by one Harbottle a garrison man in Berwick, &c., of 40 kye and oxen.

pp. In same Scottish hand. Indorsed partly by Burghley: "Copy of Cesfurdes roll of the wrangis done be England 1596. Scotland."

356. Spoils on the English Marches.

On the East Marches half a year before Sir R. Carey's entry—Valuation of cattle sheep and insight 351l. 12s.; horses, nags, and mares 43, not valued; men slain—by the warden 3, by other Scots 2,—5; spoils since his entrance, besides horses and mares, 954l. 11s. 4d.; horses and mares—49; men slain,—by the warden, 1; by Sir John Ker 1; by others 3—5–5.

Spoils by Buccleuch and his procurement on the West Marches:—

June, Robert Grayme, 100l.; July, Thomas Grayme, 100l.; Aug. 1, David Graym, 400l.; July, Richard Armstrong, 400l.; July, William Grayme, 100l.; Aug., Leonard Corbett, 100l.—1200l. July 12, Anthony Hetherton, 100 neat; John Hetherton, 20 kye and oxen, not valued.

Spoils procured by him since the attempt of Kinmont.

July-August: Fergie Grayme, 100l.; Anth. Hetherton, 100l.; George Hetherton, 200l.; tenants of Walton, 200l.; tenants of Thornby, 100l.; tenants of Whitehill, 200l.; Blanch Foster, 20l.; in all 920l.

William Armstrong, 30 kye and oxen; Malle Blaikmore 24 kye and oxen; Robert Foster, 20 kye, 30 sheep, 20 "gaite," a mare—all unvalued.

Total goods valued, 3,426l. 3s. 4d.

2 pp. Contemporary—official hand. Indorsed: "The valuacion of the spoiles committed uppon the East and West Marches of England."


  • 1. This and the last signature in one hand.
  • 2. Released on pledge.
  • 3. What follows, holograph.
  • 4. Kerr.