Border Papers volume 2: June 1602

Pages 788-790

Calendar of Border Papers: Volume 2, 1595-1603. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1896.

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1463. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [June 4.]

Master Nicolson having come here with Master Roger Aston who is here on his way to Court from the King of Scots, asked me to send this packet. With much ado, I have sent Robert Frissald laird of Everton, on Tuesday last the 1st instant, to Alnwick, where Mr Henry Woodrington's men received him: so am well quit of two of the pledges. I look daily to hear that Ensleye's friends of Clittoughe have agreed for his relief, but I fear that Will Tate of the Cherreytres will stick long on my hands: for I see none of his friends doing anything. Lord Roxburgh, it is thought, means shortly to travel to France, and if he can, to come to our Court to offer service for his own purposes.

"The Kinge and Queen are yet muche trubeled withe the deathe of ther yonge sun, not havinge ben sen muche abrod sines his deathe." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan, &c.

1464. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [June 11.]

I received your letter of the 4th, on Thursday the 10th, as I sat at dinner, and sent away the packet for Mr Nicolson to Scotland. As your honor notes, the negligence of the posts is very great: my letters are 6 or 7 days "a comminge," and sometimes more, "scares a jhorneye manes pase," a great hindrance to service. Lord Roxburgh meanes to hold his journey. "As for Dethicke, of whome you ar deseyerus to hear of, he is styll in the eastell of Edenborowghe, sensered bey menes disposityons, good or bad: but his facte and him selfe favered bey the Kinge—for that he feyndes that in trewthe his fact proseded ether out of a drunken frensey, or out of a sertayen fear of sume hort to be dun to himselfe: for that the compeney wiche came into his chamber wear in a consultatyon to a taken awaye his wepones from him, seinge him ley slepinge uppon his bed, and his wepones drawen bey him—for that presentley uppon ther speches he waked and lept of his bed, beinge as it semes ether drunk or desperatley in fear, and ded that blodey "ded, wherbey maney men doe talk accordinge to ther fanseyes. No man cane knoe the sertentey of his confession but the Counsell that examind him: but it is unlikeley he hathe confest aney harme to himselfe: for that the Kinge favers himselfe and his cause, so muche as well he cane for the clamor of his pepell, whoes willes and consayetes ar to them a lawe." The man that brought me the packet here inclosed, tells me he was laid for in Scotland to be intercepted: and Mr Nicolson is in some fear of Northumberland, so I will make more speed "uppon the backe of them," as they are letters you are very "carfull of." Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan, &c.

1465. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [June 27.]

Your last packet to Mr Nicolson dated 20th June, only came on Saturday 26th, almost 7 days on the way. I sent them at once to him, "now over the water "with the King. I must ask your and the Council's help in this matter, before it gets worse.—The King of Scots every year changes and alters his "quoyne" from better to worse, calling in his ancient good money to be "new mynted," as, for example, he lately coined these which I here send you, viz., "the one of gould goes for xij s. which a good suffrant (fn. 1) will waye downe; the peece of silver goes for sixtene pence, which waies litle above xiij d." There is not a penny "steringe or to be gotten," but of that kind, also "half peeces and quarters, and half quarters," but I thought it enough to send these two. This money is brought in since our last pay, for it is no older—in this way: our merchants having great debts in Scotland, and traffic for their wares besides, took it "from ill debtors," also for their wares, knowing how to be rid of it, even had it been worse. So great sums of it entered the town, and "went reasonable currant" till they passed it to the company victuallers, from whom the community and the soldier must receive it: so it is now all over the town and country, and neither merchant nor victualler will take it back above 10s. the gold piece and 13d. the silver. This, if not looked to, will draw much money out of England, if the King can get our gold, and of 10s. make 12s.; and of our 12d. make 16d. or very near that rate. I know that not a penny of English money comes, but it is straight converted into Scots: and in 3 weeks after our pay in English money, it is a great chance to find a penny of it here: or if a gentleman or passenger come with 10l. or 20l. in his purse, more or less, in 3 days it will be changed into Scots money, "such brokers and dealers there is for English money. … The statesmen and magistrates " of this town would have me to proclaim and call down the money to its true value, showing me precedents by former governors; but I refuse, as I take so dealing with money belongs to princes, and the King being at amity with the Queen's majesty I dare not call down his coin without your warrant, praying your consideration before next pay, to avoid much mischief and inconvenience. Berwick. Signed: Jhon Carey.

(fn. 2) It is reported there is 100,000l. of this money lately coined in Scotland: that the merchants have bought up all the gold and silver, and silver plate, to be got. So the only way to stop it is to proclaim it at its true value.

2 pp. Addressed. Indorsed. Wax signet: swan, &c.

1466. Sir John Carey to Cecil. [June 30.]

This packet is from Master Nicolson, who is now "over the water" with the King at St Johnston's. Things are quiet here, save that in the end, I fear I shall be forced both to complain and seek some assistance from her Majesty in upholding "the offis of wardendrey, wiche is likeley to goe to "wracke and deckaye," if not assisted from above—but being loath to be troublesome, I forbear so doing till I must. The Scottish nobleman that you wrote to me of—"the Lord of Kintaill bey name Kennye, is come to this towen of Berwike yester night beinge the 29th of Jun": and shall have, as you request, the best entertainment I can give him. But he desires to remain close in his lodging, himself or his name unknown, till he hears from his friends how he stands with the King?

The Dunkirkers still lie off the coast, so that nobody dares stir: many think some of our neighbours take the name, for most of their crews are Scots, and when they get anything, "streke" to the Scottish ports near adjoining us, getting men and fresh victuals, and then lying in wait for their prey. Signed: Jhon Carey.

1 p. Holograph. Addressed. Indorsed: "Without date," &c. Wax signet: swan, &c.


  • 1. Sovereign?
  • 2. Holograph.