Lord Burghley to his uncle the Earl of Salisbury
at Salisbury House.
1607, Oct. 1.
I received your letters dated the 25 of this
present [sic], wherein, though I found I am prevented of Constable's wardship by a former promise, yet your respect gave me
a greater contentment than I was worthy in staying the grant
of those lands which shall fall into the King's hands during the
minority of my son Rosse [Roos], by the death of Mr. R. Mannors.
I confess I were the most proper lessee of those lands, yet I will
so restrain myself neither with form nor matter to weigh down
that duty which I hope to find in mine for my requital in other
occasions, and nevertheless take it from you as a favour very
kindly effected and to be acknowledged with my best service.
My wife desires to be most humbly remembered and thinks the
high favour your lordship doth unto her and her lambs to
remember them in your letters will be an occasion to preserve
them from this present mortality so general this year.—From
Nuarke [Newark], 1 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. Seal. 1 p. (194. 5.)
Phillip Phillipes, Mayor of Chester, to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 2.
Roger Hurleston, gent., an inhabitant of Chester,
but not free, pretends a right of fishing in the Dee within Chester,
and is withstood by the poor company of Drawers in the said
river, a Society of this Corporation to whom it belongs as their
maintenance. Hurleston has commenced a suit against the
company before the Justices of Assize, which proceeding is
derogatory to the courts of their city, and if allowed to continue
will bind them to that jurisdiction. He begs Salisbury's letters
to Sir Richard Lewkenor, Chief Justice of Chester, to require
that the action be no further proceeded in before him, and that
Hurleston be required to take trial in the courts of the city.—
Chester, 2 Oct., 1607.
Signed. 1 p. (122. 103.)
Sir Ferdinando Gorges to the Council.
1607, Oct. 3.
I have advertisement of a Spanish fleet of 80
sail that are in a readiness, and that the King of Spain has
appointed them to make their "randivos" (under the command
of Don Lewis) at the South Cape. There they were to attend
certain galleys and ships that come out of the Straightes, with
soldiers and other necessaries for the voyage. About August 28
Don Lewis arrived at the aforesaid place with 42 sail and 38
galleys, and left in Cales 8 ships more to come after him as fast
as they could be furnished with men.
There is a stay made of all the Hamburgers, and their men are
They have 15 millions of treasure safely arrived, and the fleet
for Nova Hispania have given over their voyage, because they
are otherwise to be employed for this present.
It is further said that the land soldiers (which are in this
service) are in all some 12,000, and that they purpose to go for
Barbary. They are royally furnished with all sorts of provision.
Another bruit there is that they intend to go about the north
part of England for Embden; and neither of these but bear some
show of likelihood. But it may well be doubted, if their purpose
on Callis had taken effect, they would have passed along the
Narrow Seas, and have harboured in that road; and it is the
more likely for that they were furnished with pilots out of those
parts, where if they had arrived and joined with the forces of
the Archduke, what could have hindered them to have landed
where they had most desired? But now it is to be hoped the
neck of that design is broken. Notwithstanding it may well be
feared that they have some plot on Ireland. Seeing there is an
army afoot, it were not inconvenient providently to prevent the
worse. As the King has esteemed me worthy of a place of this
eminency, my duty was to signify thus much; and to remember
you of my old suit for the thorough furnishing of things necessary
for the defence thereof. If aught fall out otherwise than well,
I ought not to be held blameworthy, as I can but demand what
I want, and that being had, do what is possible.—Plymouth,
3 Oct., 1607.
Signed. 2 pp. (122. 107.)
The Same to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 3.
I have sent herewith letters and notes out of
Spain from Mr. Challones, by which it appears what has been
done, and what hope there is of the relief of these poor afflicted
creatures; whose miseries are made the greater by how much
our nation is held in contempt, reposing no credit to any proofs
made by ours who are not of their religion. I do not know
what course to take to give them relief. Their employment had
a good intent, and was drawn on by the King's allowance. I
trust you will effect their release, and leave to after opportunity
the recovering of satisfaction for our ship and goods.
Encloses letter for the Council [see above] and begs Salisbury
to advance his suit to have this place better furnished with
provisions for defence.—Plymouth, 3 Oct., 1607.
Signed. 1 p. (122. 108.)
Richard Stapers to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 3.
Encloses a packet of letters, also three letters
for Sir Thomas Sherley.
The Turkish Ambassador takes knowledge that the King
should say there was a ship preparing for him, which he counts
upon, and because I know of none, I certify you. The Company
much grieve at their continual charge with him. As you told
me the King would not gratify him with anything, I put you in
remembrance that to every English Ambassador that comes
thither, besides honourable entertainment, there is granted to
him by the Grand Signor three reasonable petitions: one of
them, which Mr. Harborn demanded, was to pay 2 per cent. less
custom at Constantinople than his own subjects; which we
enjoy to this hour. Likewise at that time he has a very sumptuous
dinner, and dines with the Vizeroye, and has given him and all
his gentlemen vests of cloth of gold or silk; and has yearly
allowed him 1500 ducats for diet, also hay and oats for his horses
and wood for his house. At his coming thence the Grand Signor
gives him 500 dollars towards his charges home, and plate and
vests. Consider also how the Turkish trade is much decayed by
the East India trade, and by the emption of tin and impost of
"corance" [currants] paid both here and at Venice. Yet I am
assured the trade is very beneficial for the realm, for their payment of above 26,000l. a year for hire of ships and mariners, and
also that by the bringing of cotton wool into England there is
above 50,000 persons set a work by making of fustians, a trade
only set up by the Company. I trust you will think this trade
of some worth, for cotton wool cannot be had to supply this
trade but out of Turkey directly, because it would be so dear
here that the fustians would be brought out of other countries
much better cheap. You have much discouraged us in saying
his Majesty will not give him any gratification whereby he may
go content, which has made divers of our Company not to care
which way the world goes.—London, 3 Oct., 1607.
Signed. 1 p. (122. 109.)
Lord Sheffield to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Oct. 4.
He thanks Salisbury for remembering him in
his absence. Reminds him of his promise to procure him the
King's leave for coming up about his business. Touching the
priests, whose affections in several shires Salisbury wished to
know, he will acquaint him at his coming up, which will be
before any gaol delivery. The news of Tirone has struck in these
parts a great fear; but the Papists hold their heads much higher
for it. One he employed into Ireland gave an inkling of some
practices between the Papists of Ireland and Spain, and that
some of them sent letters, which he hoped to intercept, but
failed. "All this I hope will turn to our good, for it will I trust
rouse us out of this so strange a lethargy, which is not sensible
of blowing up with gunpowder."
Desires that two of his eldest sons should travel, and asks
Salisbury's advice whether they may do so without danger, and
whether it be convenient, as the world is now like to prove. If
he approves it, begs him to move it to the King. All things are
quiet in this place, and the people well satisfied with the justice
here established.—York, 4 Oct.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1607." 2 pp. (122. 110.)
Lord Eure to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 5.
This day Sir John Salisbury being with me said
he heard a gentleman deliver that about 6 weeks since Tyrone
was in some part of Wales. The knight lies at the Lord of
Derby's lodging in Westminster, as he tells me.—Putney, Monday,
5 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. ½ p. (122. 111.)
Hugh Lee to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 5/15.
Don Lewis Faxardo arriving at the Islands
found at the Tercera three carricks from the East Indies, one
unfit to proceed further, and her lading was discharged into ships
of the Armada, which with the other two carricks, and 16 carvells
laden with sugars from Brazil, came towards this place, but were
separated by foul weather. One carrick, certain of the Armada,
and the carvells, are arrived here in safety: saving in the
entrance of the river upon the Cachops were cast away the
Admiral, with 2 others of the Armada of the Squadron of
Andolozia, in whom were lost above 600 men. The Admiral
was a very goodly ship, and was appointed for Admiral of the
fleet for Nova Spania; in her were lost many gentlemen of
name, besides her captain Don Sancho Pardo. Don Luis
Faxardo with the rest of the Armada keep company with the
other carrick, who keep the sea, attending better weather to
enter the river.
Thomas Spark of Chard, who by the procurement of Henry
Fludd had taken the habit of a friar, has, since the coming over
of Thomas Jeninges (who was sent by Mr. John Gurgany for
following Mr. Hugh Gurgany's suit) forsaken his profession
and left his habit, and is become servant to Thomas Jeninges and
John Howe, both papists and of one household, and very great
familiars of Henry Fludd: by whose means I think he has
conveyance of letters to and from England.
Two Irishmen, Jesuits, have lately departed secretly for
England or Ireland. They passed through Aveyro and along
the coast towards Galizia, where the most of their country
people inhabit, where most likely they purpose to embark.
[Their personal description follows.]
Here are letters from Rome that the Pope has installed many
Irish Bishops and has appointed them their Bishoprics in Ireland,
whither it is likely they will speedily repair.
Mr. Hugh Gurgany remains prisoner in the Inquisition, and
his goods not yet delivered to Thomas Jenynges, who is put off
with delays. Henry Fludd the English Jesuit here labours
earnestly to remove him into the College of the Jesuits from the
prison of the Inquisition. No doubt his purpose tends little to
the good of the prisoner, but to try to convert him. He has
laboured 4 English merchants to be bound to deliver him again,
and within a day or two the matter is likely to be effected; and
upon that agreement they have delivered part of his goods.
Here is news come that Don Luis Faxardo with the other
carrick is arrived within the islands of Bayon, and is in the river
of Vygo. For their accompanying hither here are appointed
4 Armados of the fleet. Yet is here no other talk but of peace
with Holland, and that it is already concluded, though by the
greater part hardly believed.
Here appears to this horizon a blazing star or comet rising in
the west and pointing or streaming towards the east, or rather
east by south, no doubt a token of God's displeasure; whose
will in all things be fulfilled. It began about the 4 of this month,
and since has every night appeared, and so continues.
The report is that the late fleet arrived in Spain from the West
Indies brought with them 4 millions of treasure. The other
fleet that is expected about the end of this month is thought will
come very rich.
The 16 of September of this style, being Saturday in the
morning, was the Queen of Spain delivered of a young son, for
joy of whose birth here was great triumph, whereunto such
English ships as were here did not spare with powder and shot
to give an "applaude." The Condye de Aguylar, who is Captain
General of this whole kingdom sent for me and imparted the
news to me, requiring me to ordain the same with the masters
of the English ships that were then in this river, which was
For trade, except some better order for government be
established, it will not be for merchants to continue their trade
hither.—Lixa: [Lisbon], 15 Oct., 1607, stilo novo.
Holograph. 3 pp. (122. 129.)
Commissioners for the Borders.
[1607, Oct. 5.]
Matters contained in the letters from the
Commissioners of the Borders.
In the letter of 13 Septr. That letters might be written to the
Lord Deputy and Council to have care that the agreement made
with Sir Raffe Sydley concerning the Graimes be performed
when they should arrive in Ireland. That directions might be
given to collect the rest of the money levied upon the country
for the transportation of the Grames. That the Captain of
Beaucastel might be removed, because the country has no good
opinion of his service. The names of divers outlaws yet remaining.
In a letter from the Bishop of Carlisle of 19 Septr., with the
particulars in the former letter. 1. That some severity might
be showed unto those that harbour the outlaws upon the opposite
borders. 2. Other families (beside the Grames) very dangerous,
remaining behind. 3. That a proclamation might be printed
and sent both into Scotland and to the Middle Shires, setting
down some hard penalty upon those that "recett" the Graimes,
and that the outlaws may be named therein.
In a letter of the 5th October from the Commissioners. That
they being in hope that divers of the outlaws have a purpose to
follow their friends into Ireland the next spring, do desire their
lordships' direction whether they shall be received or no.
In another letter of the 5th of October from the Commissioners.
Chr: Armstrong alias Barnglesse, a Scottishman, killed by
Captain Musgrave. A relation thereof by Captain Musgrave,
signed by his own hand and others.
2 Oct. E. of Cumberland. Order to be given for the collection
of the remainder of the money for transportation. The Grames
outlaws harboured in Scotland.
Endorsed: "1607. Matters in the letters from the Commissioners of the Middle Shires which are to be answered." 1 p.
Sir D. Murray to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 6.
This night his Highness has been more troubled
with his disease than any night, and is resolved not to stir from
hence till Thursday or Friday; and if his disease continue till
that time, he will not remove this week. If Salisbury's leisure
will permit, it were well done to visit his Highness tomorrow,
for he may be assured of a welcome.—Richemont, 6 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (122. 112.)
Sir John Ogle to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 6.
The trumpet is this day departed, as I hear,
with passport and safe conduit for Verreyken and the Fryer,
who are attended here about the end of this week. The opinions
are of the "Agreation," as of the peace, all doubtful. Some
think that the Provinces are already resolved what they will do,
and that though there be a semblant of disagreement, which
they pretend for some advantage to themselves, yet secretly it is
thought they concur in one resolution, and that is to entertain
a peace. Others think otherwise, but the more general apprehension is of the former. Here is a speech (I cannot assure it to
you) that the Prince of Portugal, Don Emanuel, should be
secretly gone away, leaving his lady with 6 children and destitute
of friends (for her marriage with him), to care for themselves.
I will with the first inform myself better, and if it shall be fit,
acquaint you further. Here are great complaints from them of
Coleyn over certain of our horse captains whose good fortunes it
was that a young Count of Nassau was in their company, or else
the insolencies which they committed would have cost them no
less than their lives.—Haghe, 6 Oct., 1607, veteri.
Holograph. 1 p. (122. 113.)
Sir John Parker to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 6.
He finds that every gentleman in Cornwall
knows the words Salisbury spake to him in the Lord Chamberlain's
chamber, concerning Sir William Godolphin, and that he (Parker)
is clean cast out of Salisbury's favour; but he has given no just
cause of complaint, and begs Salisbury to manifest that he still
thinks him worthy.
Mr. Fra. Vivion, under colour of his Vice-Admiral's authority,
has offered him great disgrace, by laying peremptory commands
on him and his Lieutenant. The Lieutenant, fearing to offend
the Lord Admiral, executed the same; but Salisbury will perceive
that the French bark needed not desire any such surety; nor
was ever afraid of the Flemish ship. Vivion's end was to make
the Lieutenant serve his turn for gain, and to oppress a friend,
one of the States' ships. The States sent forth three ships to
take a town in the West Indies. The soldiers that went in these
ships, whereof there were many English, went upon their adventure, that if they took any place or other prize, they should have
pay upon their return. Their voyage failed and they returned
with nothing. The soldiers, on coming into this harbour,
required pay of the captain, and not satisfied with his denial,
went to Mr. Vice-Admiral and offered him a great portion thereof
if he would help them to it: which was the only cause made him
send forth these warrants. Besides that, the Fleming was a
ship of great burden, foul and weather beaten, and no more able
to fetch up the Frenchman than an ox is to run with a horse.
The Vice-Admiral willed the Dutch skipper to satisfy the soldiers,
who answered he had no means or commission to do so, whereupon Vivion committed him to ward; where the marshal told
him there was but one way to purchase his liberty, which was
by giving to the Vice-Admiral 2 pieces of damask, like pieces of
silk called "armosignes," and as many pieces of linen cloth, and
that he, the marshal, must have consideration for the skipper's
fees and diet: all which amounted to 25l.—15l. Vivion's part
and 10l. the marshal's; which the skipper, despairing of liberty,
delivered. Vivion caused the skipper to set down in his hand
that he gave these things freely. Salisbury may judge whether
he shall be forced to be Vivion's instrument, and give countenance
to his actions and warrants of like nature. Either the Castle of
St. Mawes, whereof Vivion is Captain, has great defect, and is
little able to stay a ship: or else a great pride in him to send his
commanding warrants to this place.—From his Majesty's Castle
Pendenis, 6 Oct., 1607.
PS.—There came to him the captains of three ships of war
lately sent by the States to gather intelligence of an Armado and
10,000 soldiers prepared, as they have heard, at the Groine,
which they conjecture were designed for Emden. There has
been a report here of the same, but he never believed it. The
captains seem satisfied there is as yet no such preparation there,
and are in mind to return home.
Holograph. 2 pp. (122. 114.)
Sir James Crowmer and Thomas Fynch to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 6.
One Croocher and his daughter are condemned
for murdering her child. The writers, being in the commission
of the peace and neighbours to the parties, assuredly believe they
are innocent, and their ruin has been maliciously contrived by
people of bad quality, and their condemnation procured with
desperate and bloody perjuries. They have been charged with
bolstering up murderers, but only attempted to procure an
indifferent trial, where the accuser was a man of infamous conversation and the parties mortal enemies. They refer the cause
to Salisbury.—6 Oct., 1607.
Signed. 1 p. (112. 115.)
W. Squier to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 6/16.
Few days past I disclosed to you the pretence
of certain English gentlemen for the reducing all Barbary to the
subjection of Spain, as declared to me by William Webb, a
principal plotter in the action. Webb is since departed for
Madrill to solicit his Majesty's acceptance. I conjecture his
Majesty may give ear to it for the novelty, but never approve
thereof to execution; for this State grows incredulous of late,
having been often deluded by English and Irish contrivers. I
doubt not, if you hold it worthy the observance, direction will
be given to Sir Charles Cornwallis or some other to take notice
of the process. My intent herein is principally to do you service,
and partly to show my grateful mind for the compassion lately
taken upon me and the rest of the India prisoners, of which the
Ambassador and my principals Eldred and Hall have often
assured me. I have been advised from Md. [? Madrid] that the
Inquisidors of late presumed to call my Lord Ambassador and his
preacher into question, but it was stayed by the Duke. If
privileged persons are not secure in these parts, God help the
private. Mr. Gargany, that has been a year in the Inquisition,
is now let out upon fianca. He has honoured his religion and
country beyond expectation, and from the Vizrey to the meanest
of that Court have him in admiration and grieve that he comes
not out a convert. Never was Englishman so delivered. Creswell
has herein played his master's price, in hope to bring our State
in better taste with those of his Society; yet the Jesuits have
him in their College here in hope to convert him, but I hope
they shall not prevail now, he having endured the worst brunt
after a year's detainment. They have sentenced his goods to
be delivered to his friends here, according to the last article of
the capitulations, viz. such goods as the nature of them is not
altered since they came out of England; which is a strange
It is bruited here that our young Prince is protector of the
Holl[anders] which at the first hearing much daunted the peace
that is expected, and also qualified the great opinions taken of
the French marriages. It is certain there is a general truck of
prisoners intended between his Majesty and the States. It has
been generally bruited here that you advised the merchants to
desist from trade until some of the Spanish wrongs were righted.
All seem to applaud the advice, yet many merchants turn it to
their advantage, and instead of forbearing lay on load, albeit to
their certain loss; while others will stand out in hope of amendment.—Lixa, 16 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. Endorsed by Salisbury's Secretary: "Mr. Sqwyer
to my Lord from Lisbone." 2 pp. (122. 133.)
The Council to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 7.
Requesting payment of 40l., for the first
instalment of the second entire subsidy granted in the Parliament
of 5 Nov. 3 Jac., being at the rate of 2s. 8d. in the £ on 300l.
Arthur Maynwaringe will attend at the Lord Chancellor's for the
receipt thereof.—At the Court, 7 Oct., 1607.
Signed: T. Ellesmere, Canc., T. Dorset, T. Suffolke, H.
Northampton, Salisbury. 1 p. (122. 116.)
Nevill Davis to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 7/17.
In my last of the 18th September sent by land
I certified of the needful, as also of the coming of the West India
fleet. This day is an avizo come from the 7 galleons with treasure
which were left at the Capp Fynister, so that it cannot be long
before they be either in St. Lucar or Cadez. It is reported they
come very rich. They also bring 4,000 quintals of copper for
the King, which they brought from the island of Cuba out of a
mine there lately found. The Nova Spania fleet brought of the
same copper from the Havana above 2,000 quintals. The King
has 200 negroes working in those copper mines. It is said it will
yield yearly above 300 quintals. Before you receive this you
will have advice of the loss of the Admiral of Andolozia, and of
another of the King's Armado, being 800 tons apiece. Of both
there were only 45 men saved. The general of that squadron,
called Don Sancho Pardo, was drowned.
Here has been seen a blazing star, which continued some 18
days. As yet, no one suit ended at the Court of Spain; our
grievances are daily increased: neither any relief for Captain
Challine [Challoner] and his poor company. The fleet for Terra
Ferma is thought will depart the 15th of the next.—Sivel, 17 Oct.,
1607, stillo novo.
Holograph. 1 p. (122. 135.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 7.
The effect of the dispatch brought by Birraque
an ample procuration authorising the Archduke to proceed to
the concluding of the peace upon what conditions he shall think
fit, and the King of Spain promising to confirm the same. The
Cordelier and the Audiencer appointed to go into Holland.
Owen and Baily upon some secret negotiation gone to Dunkirk.
Father Florence the friar, that by order from Sp[ain] manages the
practices of Ireland, suspected to be gone to set forward his plots
Abstract. (227, p. 338.)
Sir H. Touneshend to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 8.
Details proceedings in the cause between Kellie
and Sir John Egerton. By the final decree the possession is
removed from Egerton and established in Kellie's side, "and so
to the trial of the common law." If the cause has not received
so sudden a decree as Lord Derby required, the protraction was
only for answering some doubts. All their doings therein will be
subject to the worst construction of ill disposed persons against
them and the Court; and he begs that no information of others
may prejudice him.—Wrixom, 8 Oct., 1607.
Signed. Endorsed: "Justice Townshend." 1 p. (112. 117.)
1607, Oct. 8/18.
Tailor's bills, with note appended by Jacques
Comte de Clermont Talart, that he has fixed them at the sum of
370 livres tournois in French money, which he promises to pay
to Antoyne Lymousin next month.—18 Oct., 1607.
French. 4 pp. (122. 137.)
Sir William Waad to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 9.
One Eversley, a goldsmith and graver of arms,
informs me of four persons who have been in hand with him to
make stamps for foreign coin, and after for twenty shillings
pieces of his Majesty's money. I wished him to entertain the
matter with discretion, that they may be apprehended. The
name of one is Huet, and as he says is "towards your lordship."
This Eversley lately apprehended the party that stole his
Majesty's plate at Basing and the lewd messenger that procured
the stamp of your lordship's signature.—From the Tower,
9 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (112. 118.)
Lord Sheffield to the Earl of Salisbury.
, Oct. 9.
It has pleased the King to employ (upon
extraordinary trust, as himself gives out) the unholy Bishop of
Bristow in following his Chequer causes against the recusants.
He has followed it more industriously than belonged his place;
for what time he could spare from bowling and carding he has
spent in that service. As for preaching he has not greatly
troubled himself, having not filled the "pouluitt" [pulpit],
(though he see it every day in his Dean's seat), above once or
twice in this whole year. For the success he has had in his
employment, it will appear by the small profit he has brought
in, which I think is not above 2,000l., the schedule out of the
Exchequer of the names of recusants in this country amounting
to 5,000l. Now this man has gone up to make his account to
the King, to whom I know he will excuse himself by laying any
false accusation upon others; for it was his course in the Queen's
time, and has been in the King's, to insinuate himself into favour
by seeking to disgrace other men's services. Therefore, I, having
according to the duty of my place been a hinderer of his unjust
gains, and for that I have relieved many of the King's obedient
subjects when they have made due proof of the wrongful taking
of their goods, I know this evil spirit will seek to infuse into the
King some ill conceit of me, thereby to have both means for his
corruption, and the better to excuse his ill service. I have
thought good to give you notice hereof, that if he run any such
course, you would seek to eject out of the King's mind those
falsehoods which his evil spirit shall inject; at least procure
that the King condemn me not unheard, and then I care not.
Consider how scandalous a thing it is to our Church that one of
our Bishops should leave the charge of his bishopric to follow
such base courses, only for his own gain. You cannot but see
what harm this must needs do in these parts where men are so
captious.—York, 9 Oct.
PS.—I can beat out no further the bee in the box but as things
appear, since I fear the bee is not without a sting, which may
hurt deeply if it be not prevented in time.
Holograph. Endorsed: "1607." 2 pp. (122. 119.)
1607, Oct. 10.
Warrant to the Auditor of the county of
Gloucester, requiring a particular of the lands of the rectory of
Prestbury, value per ann. 12l.—Dorset House, 10 Oct., 1607.
Draft. ½ p. (122. 120.)
Cardinal Borghese to Girolamo Meoli
1607, Oct. 10/20.
I have had within a short time two letters from
you, which have been not a little dear to me, the matters which
they contain being curious. If without danger you can persevere
in doing me the same friendly office, you will give me pleasure,
but I want you to get at the root of things.—From Rome,
20 Oct., 1607.
Signed. Italian. Seal. 1 p. (194. 10.)
Sir Roger Wilbraham to the Council.
1607, Oct. 11.
This afternoon I reported to his Majesty the
debate your lordships had with the chief judges and learned
counsel touching the conformity of the laws of both kingdoms;
and that you had resolved that, before the departure of the
Lord of Balmerynaghe [Balmerino], there should be declared
certain principles of the laws of England, especially touching the
preservation of his Majesty's person and the government of the
kingdom, wherein should be described the form of the trials and
the penalties inflicted to the offenders; which being compared
in Scotland with the laws used there in like cases, and the
differences transmitted to be reviewed here, matters would be
ripened for a conference; and that you wished the like course
to be held in Scotland, and so by intercourse of writing in renewing the propositions, the diversity of both laws in matters of
most moment would evidently appear; whereby his Majesty
might establish such laws as should seem expedient. To this
his Majesty gave allowance and much commended your care
and wisdom, requiring a proceeding accordingly, because the
Lower House objected the division of laws to be the great
impediment to the complete union.
I also acquainted his Majesty with all the difficulties in reducing
the case of the post nati to a public judgment meet to give satisfaction, and that the judges misliked of any fiction to be used
in a case of such consequence, which you had promised to them
to forbear; and that you doubted not but his learned counsel
should this term bring the question properly into debate in some
of his Majesty's courts, which he seemed very desirous to be
effected, commanding me to signify to you that in respect that
expected sentence is to precede the Parliament, it should proceed
Touching Fuller's process, I declared to him what course the
Lord Chancellor and you had taken therein, and that you hoped,
though you were not assured, that the King's direction should
take good effect. Herein he required an effectual accomplishment of his just determination; saying, if the judges denied it,
they and Fuller should be called before you to be censured
therein, in his presence.
I presumed to tell him that the aldermen and citizens, when
they came into the Council chamber, looked like the rich man
whom Christ willed to sell his substance and give it to the poor.
But when they heard the several reasons to persuade the loan,
the distinction of the Crown debt from his Majesty's peculiar,
and the royal and extraordinary assurance by the customs
impost and revenues, they gave you a comfortable answer,
offering their uttermost endeavours to any service that might
rectify and maintain his royal estate, and joying much to hear
of his princely providence therein, which will quickly be divulged
to all his people. He was well pleased hereat, especially when
I told him you expected an affirmative answer this week from the
City; and if they failed, you doubted not but the farmers of the
customs would supply his Majesty's occasions, wherein they
would engage their uttermost ability and become unfeignedly
devout to pray for his life, lest if God called him before their
satisfaction out of the growing customs, their estates should be
wrecked. He thought the customs had been reserved for himself to live upon, as he termed it. I told him I thought you had
provided so for the present; but if the assurance were taken
from the customers, as was likely for a great part, they must
depend for their satisfaction to be secured by the future customs.
When I had reported your great care in his services, and
your hopes to give him content, I told him that the strange and
sudden accident of Sir Edward Grevill's letter had amazed you
all, and opened the gap to many inconveniences, whereby you
might find impediment in these great affairs. He commanded
me to write to you that the razure in the letter happened because
it was supposed the debt razed out was assigned to Mr.
Aghmootye, and was signed in haste upon great instance, Sir
Edward having first told divers of his Majesty's servants, and
also affirming to his Majesty his Highness's promise for remittal
of his debts at the time when he had order for the assart money,
assuring his Majesty the Lord Treasurer and Earl of Salisbury
did well remember it. Whereupon his Majesty, being desirous
to perform to his servant a promise made before such personages,
signed the letter, hoping if their lordships remembered it not the
letter would be stayed. Now his Majesty requires that Sir
Edward be called before the said two lords, charging him herewithal, and letting him know that albeit his Majesty remember
that instantly before his journey to Royston, as he takes it, and
in the hearing of the said lords, and in a chamber near his own
at Whitehall, he gave the order for Sir Edward Grevill's assart
money, yet can he not call to his remembrance any speech for
the remittal of these debts. Therefore his pleasure is, if the said
lords remember no such promise, Sir Edward is to have no
benefit by his Majesty's letter, grounded upon suggestion.
Nevertheless, according to your advice, he is well pleased if Sir
Edward will relinquish his suit to so much of his assart money
as his debt amounts to, that so doing he be pardoned the said
debts.—Court at Royston, 11 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. 2 pp. (122. 121.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 11.
It may please your lordship to receive these
letters signed by his Majesty for the levying of men for Ireland
according to your commandment given me. I would have made
ready withal a warrant for the charges of their coat, conduct and
transportation, but that I remembered you said the horse should
be levied at his Majesty's charge, and then it may pass both in
one warrant, and therefore do therein expect your pleasure. His
Majesty said at the signing he had nothing else to your lordship
at this time but that he expected to hear from you as his affairs
should require and yet not to press you to overmuch pain,
whereof he knows you have enough.—From the Court at Royston,
11 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. Seal. ½ p. (194. 7.)
Sir Richard Knyghtley to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 13.
Thanks him for his kind respect to his son,
Salisbury's servant.—Norton, 13 Oct., 1607.
Signed. ½ p. (122. 122.)
The Earl of Cumberland to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 13.
He need say little of what was done at my
Lord of Derby's, as Salisbury has so good a relater as Sir Hugh
Beston. Lord Dunbar and he (Cumberland) have appointed to
meet at Carlisle, and go thence to the gaol delivery at Newcastle,
when Dunbar returns to Court, and he to Carlisle. Dunbar's
friendliness for him is due to Salisbury's kindly respects towards
Touching the 200l. he is to pay the King in full of the 500l.
for his last grant, he asks that some may be appointed in the
county upon whom the King would bestow it, and he will pay it
As to his sister of Cumberland and her jointure, her malice to
contradict whatever her husband desired abates little or nothing.
Details her proceedings with regard to certain woods. Upon
Michaelmas last she made public proclamation in the churches
that she would not only make weekly wood sales to the country,
but defend them against everybody.
He received on Saturday Salisbury's letter dated Hampton
Court the 6th instant, directed to Lord Dunbar and him, and
has sent it to Dunbar. They will be ready to execute his
Majesty's pleasure.—Newbiggin, 13 Oct., 1607.
Signed. 1 p. (122. 123.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 13.
It may please you to receive the bill touching
the farm of the silks, which his Majesty signed this morning. At
the same time he delivered me a letter to himself from the
Secretaries at York in answer to his written in favour of Mr.
Lepton and commanded to send both it to your lordship and
Lepton's answer, which is contained in four articles; whereof he
desires that an examination might be made by some gentlemen
being of the Council, insinuating as I take it that the allegations
made by the Secretaries are not true and that by such an examination it would appear. His Majesty's purpose in sending them to
you is to hear your opinion whether, they being persons of that
place, it may be fit to proceed in that form to examine the truth
of that which they allege: for as on the one side his want of
other means and his disposition to pleasure his servants move
him much to help them where he may without burden to himself,
so yet he would with officers put in trust proceed without disgrace
to them. Or if you shall be of opinion to take advice with my
Lord Sheffield therein before you deliver your own opinion his
Highness can like it well. Concerning whom I forgot in my
letters yesterday to let you know that his Majesty is pleased that
he may come.—From the Court at Royston, 13 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (194. 8.)
Phillip Phillipes, Mayor of Chester, to the Council.
1607, Oct. 14.
In accordance with their letters of the 12th
inst., he has made stay of shipping for transporting to Ireland
the 400 soldiers who are to be at Chester on November 8th. As
his mayoralty determines on the 16th inst. he will commit the
charge of provision to the succeeding mayor.
Mr. John Ratcliffe, alderman, who was mayor in 1601, was
commanded to make provision by sea and land for the great
number of soldiers then sent to Ireland, in which service he
disbursed 137l. 5s. 1d. more than he received from the Queen;
for which, notwithstanding his great labour and expense in
soliciting, he has not yet been satisfied. Begs the Council to
pay the same to Mr. Robert Bleas, whom Ratcliffe has appointed
to attend their pleasure.—Chester, 14 Oct., 1607.
Signed. 1½ pp. (122. 124.)
Sir Thomas Lake to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 14.
I delivered your letters concerning Tyrone to
his Majesty this morning, to whom it seemed strange at first,
but after some pause he said his conceit was that their purpose
was to have landed in Spain, but the weather put them into
France; and that the refusal of the French King to stay them
was only a French trick whereof he was full, but did assure
himself he took them not to heart, nor would make any account
of them. I have sent you the Ambassador's letter again, and
his Majesty seems very desirous to know the gentleman's name
that was slain by the stag.
By his command I send you also a letter of the Lady Carye's
to him, concerning the household of the Duke of York, her
charge; wherewith he would have you acquaint my Lord
Chamberlain; and if there may any contract be made with her
that shall be for his Highness's advantage, he can like it well,
and says that he takes this offer of hers to have been once debated
of before him among your lordships and resolved on, which if it
were so, and that you be still of the same mind, it may proceed.
I purpose tomorrow or on Friday to come to London, according
to your commandment.—Royston, 14 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. 1½ pp. (122. 125.)
Wm. Becher to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 14.
Acknowledges his favour in taking commiseration of his distressed estate and for his letters to the Lord
Treasurer. Prays him to move the Lord Chancellor likewise by
word of mouth, not for any favour in his causes but for such
expedition as his poor estate requires. Has very small or no
means left to help himself, poor wife and children, and much less
to maintain any longer suits in law.—From the Fleet, 14 Oct.
Holograph. ½ p. (128. 3.)
Sir Thomas Edmondes to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 14.
Has by the messenger of this week received
his lordship's letter of the 30th ult. advertising him of the manner
of Tyrone's flight out of Ireland, which has been here reported
to be for persecution of religion. He is shortly expected here
but it is said takes his way by Bruges where his son is lodged
with his regiment. They have here understood of the refusal of
the French King to stay him at the request of his Majesty's
Ambassador and are glad to be justified by that occasion in the
favour which themselves shall show him. Yet the principal
ministers here are nothing well pleased with his coming hither,
as well for the burden of charge as for the discontentment which
the same will give his Majesty. It is generally confessed by the
Irish and all others that he has committed a very indiscreet part
to have so foolishly abandoned his country, thereby reducing
himself to this desperate state and giving his Majesty better
means than ever to assure himself of those northern parts against
any future practices. There is no question made but that those
rebels will be relieved with pensions from Spain in respect of
their former dependency upon that crown but no man thinks the
King of Spain has the means to embark himself further in their
assistance. Yet it is imagined that Tyrone's drawing over his
wife and children with him and the rest of his company is done
to move the greater compassion towards him and to move the
Pope to incite the King of Spain to employ himself on behalf of
a multitude of so remarkable persons oppressed in their
consciences, and to that end Tyrone intended to repair forthwith
to Rome and thence to Spain. It is affirmed that Maguire after
his departure hence went not into Spain but has been ever since
in Britain to make provisions under the colour of a merchant
for Tyrone's retreat out of England.
The Audiencer with the Cordelier departed two days since into
Holland and their negotiations hold all here in great suspense.
Since his last letter a great quarrel has fallen out between Don
Louys de Valsco and Don Innigo de Borria, the castellian of
Antwerp, upon a jealousy conceived by Don Louys that the other
who lodged in his house being his near kinsman made dishonest
love to his wife's sister. This bred a great unquietness and the
Archduke sent the Spanish Ambassador from Blins to compound
the quarrel. He has so far prevailed as that Don Innigo was
persuaded yesterday to marry the gentlewoman.
Sends an extract of the last advertisements out of Germany.—
Bruxelles, 14 Oct., 1607.
Copy. 2¼ pp. (227, p. 285.)
[Original in P.R.O. State Papers Foreign, Flanders, 8.]
The Earl of Salisbury to Sir Thomas Edmondes.
1607, Oct. 15.
Directions touching Tyrone, to treat with the
Archduke about his stay as from himself provisionally, not from
the King. Wright the Jesuit has broken prison, to which there
needs no further reply.
Abstract. (227, p. 338.)
Sir Thomas Sherley the younger to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 15.
Receive my thanks for granting me more
liberty in the Tower than I had, having not trodden on any
ground in five weeks until you gave me leave to eat with Mr.
Lieutenant. I beseech you to mediate to his Majesty for my
enlargement: he never had any more loyal than I have been,
and ever will be, to serve him. I have ever desired to venture
my dearest blood in his service. My case, and necessity of being
abroad to follow my business, make me press you, which I pray
you to pardon.—The Tower, 15 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. 1 p. (122. 127.)
William Udall to the Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 15.
The last time you admitted me to your presence
I acquainted you with the Archpriest's apprehension as he was
coming fromward the Charterhouse. I told you nothing but
what was delivered me by him who apprehended the Archpriest;
but when I returned from you I found the case so altered that
I might be censured as an absurd dolt and mischievous informer.
I have since endeavoured to make what discovery I might, to
free myself from imputation. Vouchsafe that John Wragge, who
apprehended the Archpriest, be examined who told him of the
latter's coming from the Charterhouse: who urged him to search
Mr. Leake's house within the Charterhouse for the Archpriest's
things; and what speeches he heard that might concern you
about the Archpriest. Then you shall find rather motives to
pity my hard fortune, than to condemn my report.
I was suitor to you that since God had taken so worthy a
councillor as the late Lord Chief Justice, you would direct me to
some man of worth by whom I might effect service for the King
and country. I know many things to be done, if I knew by
whom to do them. There are of late presses for printing set up
about London. The answer to that book, vulgarly called my
Lord of Northampton's book, will be, without there be prevention,
dispersed here within ten days. In this late vacation most of
the banished priests returned into England; amongst the rest
Alexander Bradshawe alias Reade, who promised the late Lord
Chief Justice the apprehension of Tesmond, upon whose direction
search was made in Warwickshire. This priest of all men I
would have taken, and knowing where he lodged I caused the
house to be searched for him, in which his letters and a trunk full
of silk and satin apparel were taken of his; but having no means
to prosecute matters further, there it rests. These times will
want the late Lord Chief Justice. If you direct me to any men
of sort, I will perform, not as those who go abroad with warrants
from the High Commission and make all England, Protestants and
others, exclaim against their extortions; but in such silent sort
as I did with the late Lord Chief Justice, by whom and "from"
you there were taken and discovered 4 presses for printing, 2 in
Warwickshire and 2 in London, books intercepted which were
rated better worth than 400l.; with other services. He being
dead I have lost all my recompense, and have no help but from
you. He had many things in his custody, taken by my means,
the note of which I here enclose. They are in his servant Pemmarton's custody. Give direction that they be delivered as you
appoint, and that such be delivered to me as shall be thought
convenient. Mr. Levinus [Monck] your secretary has seen the
work of Alabaster, held incomparable. They are not fitting to
be kept but at your command.
This vacation I was enforced to use the means to take a press
and letters for printing. This is in my Lord of London's dispose
at this instant, the print being forfeited and valued at about
60l. I have not one penny recompense, and beg your consideration.—My lodging in Clarkenwell, 15 Oct., 1607.
Holograph. 2 pp. (122. 128.)
Sir Thomas Shirley the elder to the
Earl of Salisbury.
1607, Oct. 15.
He and his wife beg Salisbury to be favourable
to his son, to think his punishment of almost five weeks' close
prisoner in the Tower sufficient, and to be the means of his
enlargement. In the meantime he is punished in his purse for
his son, and his poor weak mother in her body and mind. If the
time be not yet expired, they beseech for some kind of enlargement, but by no means to the Fleet, protesting he would rather
his son should be prisoner 10 weeks in the Tower than one week
in the Fleet, for reasons known to himself.—Wyston, 15 Oct.,
Holograph. 1 p. (122. 131.)
An Irishman's Services.
1607, Oct. 15.
Acknowledgment of receipt by Levynus Munck
from Mr. Steward, of 15l. which was paid to an Irishman for his
Majesty's service.—Oct. 15, 1607.
¼ p. (214. 57.)