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Close Rolls, Edward III: July 1364

Pages 21-29

Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward III: Volume 12, 1364-1369. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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July 1364

July 8.
Westminster.
To all and singular the king's justices, sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, ministers and lieges. Order to suffer the abbot of Fécamp, his proctors, his men and tenants of his land, manors and hundreds to use and enjoy the liberties and quittances granted them by charter of the king's forefathers, as they ought to do and used to do before the war with France; as among other liberties and quittances it was granted them to have the land of Stanynges with its dependencies, the manor of Chiltenham with its hundred, and the manor of Sloughtre with the hundred of Salemanbury, and all laws, liberties, free customs, quittances, pleas, plaints and causes without disturbance or diminution of any secular or judicial power as matters pertaining to the lord's treasure, that the premises with their possessions, possessors and appurtenances should be free and quit of all custom of earthly servitude and of all domination and subjection to barons, princes and others, that the said abbot, the monks and their ministers should have royal liberty and custom and all their justice of all matters and business which should or might arise in the premises, and none should meddle therein but by them, and that any man contravening this grant should pay 100l. of gold to the lords' treasure; and now on behalf of the abbot the king has learned that though he and his predecessors and their proctors in England, from the time of that grant to the time when the lands of the abbey in England were taken into the king's hand by reason of the said war, were quit of amercements in whatsoever courts of England, and had all amercements of their men and tenants aforesaid in whatsoever court they were amerced, and they and the said men and tenants used to be quit of toll, passage, pontage, murage, picage, stallage and all other customs throughout the realm, the said abbot and his proctors are now hindered from having these liberties and quittances contrary to the said charters and not as before the said war.
Et erat patens.
July 12.
Westminster.
To all and singular the king's sheriffs, mayors, bailiffs, ministers and lieges, within liberties and without. Order to suffer the men and tenants of the manor of Clyve co. Norhampton, which is of the ancient demesne of the crown as appears by certificate sent into chancery at the king's command by the treasurer and the chamberlains, to be quit of toll for their goods throughout the realm, according to the custom hitherto used in the realm in regard to men and tenants of ancient demesne, releasing any distraint made for that cause.
Et erat patens.
July 12.
Westminster.
To the sheriff of Salop. Order to deliver to Hugh Carles the manor of Albrighton, if in the king's hand by reason of his outlawry and for no other cause, with the issues thereof taken from 10 October last, suffering him to hold the same quit from that date of 20s. a year wherewith the sheriff was charged, for the king would thereof discharge the sheriff at the exchequer from the said date; as the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer have at the king's command certified that, by search of the rolls and memoranda of the exchequer, it is found in a roll of fines, amercements and chattels forfeit of the 33rd year of the reign before Henry de Motelowe and Hugh de Aston late justices of assize and gaol delivery in divers counties, and justices assigned in Salop to hear and determine certain trespasses committed against Lewis de Cherleton and others in Salop, that the sheriff is charged with 20s. the yearly value of the said manor over and above a farm of 20l. a year rendered to Roger de la Warre by the said Hugh, who was outlawed on Thursday after the Purification that year as well at the suit of the king as of the said Lewis and others; and on 10 October aforesaid the king by letters patent pardoned him that outlawry, pronounced against him for that he came not before the said justices to answer as well to the king as to the said Lewis, William de Charleton and Thomas de Bisshebury severally for contempts, trespasses and damages against them committed.
July 12.
Westminster.
To John de Evesham escheator in the county of Suthampton. Order not to meddle further with a messuage, 30 acres of land, 2 acres of meadow and 2 acres of moor in Overburgate which came to the king's hands by death of John Reyson and by reason of the nonage of Thomas his son and heir, and are in the king's hand; as it is found by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said John held the premises by knight service of the heir of William de Botriaux tenant in chief late a minor in the king's wardship, that the said Thomas died a minor in the king's wardship on Friday after the Purification in the 35th year of the reign, and that Eleanor wife of John Pyke and Margery wife of John le Coke her sister are aunts and next heirs of the said John Reyson and of full age; and on 27 September in the 33rd year of the reign, on proof of the age of William son and heir of William de Botriaux, his homage was taken, and the king commanded livery to be given him of his said father's lands.
June 26.
Westminster.
To Richard de Wydeville escheator in Roteland. Order not to meddle further with the manor of Gleston taken into the king's hand by the death of William Wade, delivering to Margaret late his wife any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said William at his death held no lands in that county in chief in his demesne as of fee nor in service, but held the said manor jointly with the said Margaret, and that the same is held of another than the king.
Membrane 15.
June 28.
Westminster.
To Roger de Wolfreton escheator in Hertfordshire. Order to make inquisition whether Peter de Bolneye was outlawed, and if so when, for what cause, how and before what justices the outlawry was returned, whether the goods arrested by the escheator were of Thomas Redberd chaplain or of the said Peter, and touching other the circumstances, sending the inquisition to the king in chancery, and also this writ, and to cause the said goods and chattels so arrested to be delivered to the said Thomas by a mainprise, if he shall find mainpernors to answer at the exchequer for the 20s. at which the same are appraised in case they ought to pertain to the king as his forfeit; as the king lately ordered the escheator to certify in chancery the cause wherefore the goods nor chattels of the said Thomas in Hychen were by him taken into the king's hand, and the value thereof, and he returned that he so took no goods nor chattels of Thomas, but divers goods and chattels of the said Peter, who was outlawed ten years ago, appraised at 20s. as he found by inquisition before him taken of his office; and now the said Thomas has informed the king that the said Peter never was outlawed, nor were the goods and chattels so arrested his at any time, but the proper goods of Thomas, praying that the same may be delivered to him.
July 4.
Westminster.
To Philip de Lutteleye escheator in Herefordshire. Order not to meddle further with a messuage and one virgate of land in Ledebury Foreyn and the moiety of one virgate of land in the same town, which John Damisele and Elizabeth late his wife held of the bishopric of Hereford, and which were taken into the king's hand by the death of the said Elizabeth and by reason of the vacancy of the bishopric, and are in his hand, delivering up any issues taken since her death of divers lands held of other lords; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said John Damysel at his death held no lands in that county in chief, that he and Elizabeth held the premises jointly to them and their heirs, the said messuage and virgate of the bishop of Hereford by knight service, the said moiety of the said bishop by socage, and divers lands of divers other lords, that the said Elizabeth, who survived her said husband and held the said lands for life in form aforesaid, died 15 August in the 35th year of the reign, the bishopric being then void and in the king's hand, that John son of the said John and Elizabeth is their next heir and of the age of 21 years and upwards, and that John Fitz Heir and Warin de Grendon occupied the said lands from the death of Elizabeth by reason of the nonage of the said heir, then within age, taking the issues and profits; and the king has at another time taken the fealty of Lewis now bishop of Hereford, and restored to him the temporalities of the bishopric.
Membrane 14.
July 5.
Westminster.
To Richard de Wydeville escheator in Norhamptonshire. Order not to meddle further with the town of Dodyngton taken into the king's hand by the death of William Dencourt, delivering to Milisent late his wife any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said William at his death held no lands in that county in chief in his demesne as of fee, but held the said town jointly with the said Milisent of another than the king.
To William de Otteford escheator in Bukinghamshire. Like order with regard to the manor of Wouburn; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that William Dencourt at his death held no lands in that county in chief in his demesne as of fee, but held the said manor jointly with Milisent late his wife, to them and the heirs of their bodies, and that the same is held of another than the king.
July 13.
Westminster.
To the mayor and bailiffs of Newcastle upon Tyne. Writ of aid, directing them under pain of forfeiture, to be aiding the collectors of customs when required with all their power in making arrests of shipmasters, seamen and merchants who secretly depart without paying the customs upon their merchandise, and in other matters affecting their office; as the king has learned that some do so depart, at one time by day at another by night, with their ships and merchandise therein, and the collectors perceive it, but are not sufficient to arrest them at their departure from the port. By K.
July 1.
Westminster.
To William de Otteford escheator in Cambridgeshire. Order to remove the king's hand and not to meddle further with 15 acres of land in Dryedrayton, delivering to Gilbert Bernard and John Godyn chaplain any issues thereof taken; as the king lately ordered the escheator to certify in chancery the cause wherefore the premises were by him taken into the king's hand, and he returned that he so took that land for that it was found by inquisition, before him taken of his office, that the master of St. John's House Cambridge without the king's licence appropriated the same to him and his house after the publication of the statute of mortmain; and after at the suit of the said Gilbert and John, alleging that John Warde parson of Dryedrayton, Robert de Ellesworth, Stephen Aleyn and Stephen Dobat, tenants of the said land in their demesne as of fee, by charter gave the same to the said Gilbert and John Godyn, and that they by virtue of the gift were thereof seised, and continued their seisin until unlawfully put out by the escheator, without that that the said master or any of his predecessors had or claimed anything therein, and praying that the king's hand should be removed, the king ordered the escheator to make inquisition touching the circumstances; and by inquisition so made it is found that the said Gilbert and John Godyn acquired the land to them and their heirs of the said John Warde and others who before held the same in fee, without that that any master of the said house had an estate therein, and that the same is held of others than the king.
July 18.
Westminster.
To John Not mayor of the city of London and escheator therein. Order to remove the king's hand and not to meddle further with two solars and the moiety of one shop which were of William de Tydynglombe citizen and poulterer of London in the parish of St. Mildred in the Poultry London, delivering to Adam Fraunceys citizen of London any issues thereof taken; as the king lately ordered the mayor to certify in chancery the cause wherefore the premises were taken into the king's hand by Stephen de Cavendissh late mayor and escheator, and he returned that the said late escheator so took the same, and they are in the king's hand, for that he found by inquisition, before him taken of his office, that the said Adam, being sometime seised in his demesne as of fee of the moiety of one shop with two solars built over in the said parish, which are held of the king in free burgage as is all the city of London, demised the same to the said William and his assigns for life with reversion to the said Adam and his heirs, and that William demised his estate therein to John de Haukeden poulterer of London for the life of William, and for that the said John died without an heir in the life time of William; and the said William is now dead, as is found by certificate of the escheator.
July 10.
Westminster.
To John atte Lee steward of the lands of Queen Philippa. Order to cause a yearly rent of 10l. of the manor of Stowe co. Norfolk, with the arrears thereof from the death of John Bardolf of Wyrmegeye tenant in chief, to be paid henceforth to Robert Bardolf during the nonage of the said John Bardolf's heir; as it is found by inquisitions of the lands which were of John Bardolf at his death, and by his death and by reason of the nonage of the said heir are in the king's hand, and in the wardship of the said queen of the king's grant, that John in his life time with the king's licence granted the said rent of his said manor to the said Robert for life.
July 4.
Westminster.
To William de Otteford escheator in Cambridgeshire. Order to take the fealty of Richard son of Reynold de Wygenhale according to the form of a schedule enclosed, and to cause him to have seisin of a messuage and 24 acres of land in Fordham taken into the king's hand by the death of William de Wygenhale of Fordham; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said William at his death held the premises in his demesne as of fee in chief by the service of the 40th part of one knight's fee, that the said Richard cousin of William, a minor at William's death, is his next heir and now of full age, and that by reason of his nonage answer was made by the escheators for the time being for the issues of the premises from the death of William, who died 20 September in the 33rd year of the reign; and the king has respited the homage of Richard until Michaelmas next.
Vacated because otherwise below. [See p. 37.]
July 8.
Westminster.
To Philip de Lutteleye escheator in Salop. Order to take the fealty of John de Leynthale according to the form of a schedule enclosed, and to deliver to him, to hold by the courtesy of England, a messuage and the moiety of one virgate of land in Roughton within the manor of Worfeld, and the bailiwick of a moiety of the forestership of the forest of Morf, with the issues thereof taken since the death of Joan his wife saving to the king the marriage of Katherine daughter of the said John and Joan; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Joan at her death held the premises in Roughton in her demesne as of fee in chief by the service of keeping the bailiwick aforesaid for all service, that the said Katherine is her next heir and of the age of 4 years and upwards, and that the said premises and bailiwick ought to pertain to the said John for his life by reason of that issue.
Membrane 13.
Aug. 28.
Easthampstead.
To William Freman searcher of forfeitures at Calais. Order to cause a ship called 'la Peter' of Lyverpole, and two sarplers of wool containing by estimation 1½ sacks therein found, to be dearrested and delivered to John Balle the master, according to a writ under the great seal to him formerly addressed, a writ of privy seal to the contrary notwithstanding; as the king lately ordered the searcher to certify the cause wherefore he arrested the said ship at Calais, and he signified that he so did for that on 18 June last the said wool was found therein not cocketted nor customed; and after at the suit of the said master, alleging that the wool is cheap 'cogwolle' and 'refus' of Ireland, not cockettable according to the custom of Ireland, and that he paid in Ireland the custom there usually paid for the same, and praying that ship and wool should be dearrested, the king ordered the inspector to dearrest and deliver them to him if assured that the premises are true by the oath of true men as well merchants as others of Ireland or of England who were at Calais; and it is found by inquisition, taken by the inspector in presence of John Frost and John Philipot constables of the staple of Calais, that the wool so arrested as forfeit is 'cogwolle' and 'refus' of Ireland, customable but not cockettable, and that the master faithfully paid his custom at Dublin for the same, but the inspector might not nor would deliver to the master ship nor wool until further order, as he has certified the king, for that by the said writ of privy seal the king commanded him to send the ship with all its gear to the port of Sandewich.
By p.s. [26392.]
July 18.
Westminster.
To the collectors of customs in the port of Great Jernemuth, the king's controller and troner there. Order, upon the petition of Richard Haverlond merchant, to repair in person to the port of Ipswich with the weights and instruments for weighing of wool appointed in the port of Great Jernemuth, to cause 100 sacks of his wool now being there and in the neighbouring ports to be duly weighed, and when weighed, and the customs and subsidies due thereon paid in the port of Ipswich, to suffer him this time of the king's favour there to lade it, taking of him and the masters of ships wherein it shall be laded an oath that they will take the same to Calais and there and not elsewhere unlade and sell it, making thereof the king's letters indented under his cocket seal according to a command to them addressed at another time, and suffering the said Richard by himself or his servants to take it over to the said town, orders or commands to the contrary whatsoever notwithstanding; as the said Richard has shewn that he has in the town of Ipswich and neighbouring parts 100 sacks of the wool of Robert earl of Suffolk and of Ralph de Hemenhale to take to Calais which if brought to the port of Great Jernemuth would be much damaged, and he would have to incur no small labour and cost about the carriage thereof to his ruin, praying licence in order to avoid such loss to lade the same in the port of Ipswich, after payment of the customs and subsidies due. By K. and C.
Dec. 1.
Westminster.
To the same. Like order; as lately at the request of Robert earl of Suffolk and Ralph de Hemenhale the king granted the above licence to Richard de Haverlond merchant, and now he has informed the king that of the 100 sacks of wool 45 have been laded and taken to Calais, and 55 yet remain to be taken over, praying for licence to lade those in the port of Ipswich. By C.
Oct. 26.
Westminster.
To John de Tye escheator in Kent. Order to deliver certain tenements at Walwyche taken into the king's hand by the death of John de Northwode knight, together with the issues thereof taken since his death, to the next friend of the said John's heir to whom the heritage may not descend, to be kept to the said heir's use, but not to meddle further with divers other lands likewise so taken, delivering up any issues of these last taken; as the king has learned by divers inquisitions, taken by the escheator, that John at his death held no lands in that county in chief in his demesne as of fee whereby the wardship of his lands ought at present to pertain to the king, but held the premises in Walwyche of the king as of his manor of Eltham in 'gavelkynde' by the service of rendering 30s. a year at the king's said manor and doing suit at his court of Eltham every three weeks for all service, and divers other lands of others than the king, and that Joan de Northwode daughter of the said John is his next heir, and of the age of 8 years and upwards.
Oct. 30.
Westminster.
To Roger de Wolfreton escheator in Suffolk. Order not to meddle further with the manor of Hyntlesham taken into the king's hand by the death of Margery who was wife of William Pipard, delivering to Warin de Insula and Margaret his wife any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Margery at her death held no lands in that county in chief in her demesne as of fee, but by fine levied in the king's court with his licence held the said manor for life as jointly enfeoffed with William sometime her husband, of the gift of Geoffrey Gilberd to the said William and Margery and the heirs male of their bodies, with remainder for lack of such heir male to Robert Fitz Elys now deceased and Margaret his wife and to the heirs of their bodies, that William and Margery died without an heir male of their bodies, whereby the said manor by the form of the gift ought to remain to the said Margaret whom the said Warin has taken to wife, and that the said manor, one messuage therein excepted, is held by the service of one sparrowhawk (nisi) or of 2s. yearly payable by the hands of the sheriff for all services, and the said messuage of others than the king; and the king has taken the fealty of the said Warin.
To Thomas Cheyne escheator in Devon. Order not to meddle further with the manors of Cherlton, Northbovy, Longedon and Litel Toteneys taken into the king's hand by the death of Margery Pipard, delivering up any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Margery at her death held no lands in that county in chief in her demesne as of fee, but that she and William Pipard knight sometime her husband (likewise deceased) by fine levied in the king's court with his licence held the said manors to them and the heirs male of their bodies, with remainder for lack of such heir male to the right heirs of the said William, and that the same are held of others than the king.
Membrane 12.
July 12.
Westminster.
To John de Evesham escheator in Wilts. Order not to meddle further with a messuage and two virgates of land in Fitelton and Combe, and a messuage and four virgates of land in Cotes by Bishops Canynges taken into the king's hand by the death of Richard atte Feld, delivering to Agnes late the wife of Lawrence de Hastynges earl of Pembroke tenant in chief any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Richard at his death held no lands in that county in chief in his demesne as of fee, but held the premises for life of the gift of the said earl and of Agnes, that the same ought to revert to the said Agnes for her life for that she was thereof jointly enfeoffed with her said husband, and that they are held of another than the king.
To William de Otteford escheator in Bukinghamshire. Order to cause dower of the manor of Grendon to be assigned to Agnes who was wife of Lawrence de Hastynges earl of Pembroke tenant in chief, of whom the king has at another time taken an oath that she will not marry without his licence, in presence of the heir of the said earl if he choose to attend, sending the assignment under seal to be enrolled in chancery; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that Theobald de Mountenay at his death held no lands in that county of the king nor of others in his demesne as of fee, but that the said earl, long after he espoused Agnes daughter of Roger de Mortuo Mari of Wyggemore, with the king's licence gave the said manor, which is held in chief, to the said Theobald for life with reversion to John son and heir of the said Lawrence, a minor in the king's wardship.
To William de Otteford escheator in Cambridgeshire. Like order, mutatis mutandis, concerning the manor of Great Chelford which is held in chief; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that John de Grendon at his death held no lands in that county of the king nor of others in his demesne as of fee nor in service, but that the said late earl, long after he espoused the said Agnes, with the king's licence gave the said manor to the said John for life.
July 1.
Westminster.
To Ralph de Neville keeper of the king's forest beyond Trent, or to his representative in the forest of Shirewode. Order to deliver William Giles of Edenestowe, taken and imprisoned in the king's prison of Notyngham for a trespass of vert in the said forest whereof he is indicted, to twelve free and lawful men of that bailiwick in bail, if he shall find twelve such men who will mainpern to have him before the justices for pleas of the forest in Notynghamshire when they shall come thither to stand to right concerning that trespass, and if he shall be replevisable according to the assize of the forest; and to have the names of the twelve men there, and this writ.
The like writ for Geoffrey Alaynson of Botheby and Hugh his son.
Another writ for William Harald and John Harald.
May 3.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order to stay their demand made by summons of the exchequer upon Nicholas de Tamworth knight and John Bele (fn. 1) for a second payment of 100l., discharging them, and charging Helmyngus Leget with that sum; as on 23 January last the said Nicholas and John made a joint and several recognisance to the king for 100l. to be paid on the morrow of the Ascension, and the tenor thereof has been sent for execution to the treasurer and barons among other estreats of chancery, but the king has caused that recognisance to be cancelled for that the said John has paid that sum to the said Helmyngus receiver of the king's chamber, as appears by letters of privy seal addressed to the chancellor thereupon. By p.s. [26307.]
July 5.
Westminster.
To William de Frotheleye escheator in Notinghamshire and Derbyshire. Order to take of Milisent who was wife of William Deyncourt tenant in chief an oath that she will not marry without the king's licence, and to assign her dower of the lands of her said husband which are in the king's hand by his death and by reason of the nonage of his heir, in the presence of John de la Lee steward of Queen Philippa, or of the king's clerk Richard de Ravensere treasurer of the said queen, to whom the king has granted the wardship of two thirds of those lands until the lawful age of the said heir, or in presence of the attorney of both or either of them, if they choose to attend, sending the assignment under seal to be enrolled in chancery.
To Walter de Kelby escheator in Lincolnshire. Like order to assign dower to the said Milisent, as the king has taken an oath of her by William de Froteleye.
July 3.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order, upon the petition of John de Hilton the king's clerk, to stay their demand upon him made by summons of the exchequer for payment of 20l. or for an account of the same, discharging him thereof; as his petition shews that 20l. which by the king's command was paid him at the receipt of the exchequer for carriage of 600 bows, 1,000 sheaves of arrows and 2,000 bowstrings from the city of London to Lytherpole co. Lancastre, thence to be sent to Ireland for furnishing that land, is now current in demand against him at the exchequer, and the king's will is that he shall have the sum so spent of the king's gift.
By K.
July 7.
Westminster.
Order to the sheriff of Essex to cause a coroner to be elected instead of John Waleys, who is dead.
July 10.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order, upon the petition of William de Hanley the king's clerk, to stay their demand upon him made by summons of the exchequer for payment of 10l. to the king's use, discharging him thereof; as his petition shews that 10l., which by the king's command he lately received at the receipt of the exchequer for his pains and expenses in going to the parts of Calais on the king's service for furtherance of his business there, is now current in demand against him at the exchequer, and the king's will is that he shall have the sum so spent of the king's gift.
By K.
July 18.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order, upon the petition of Adam de Seint Ive of London, to allow him 50l. at the exchequer in his farm of all exchanges of the king's and other moneys, gold and silver plate and broken silver, discharging him thereof; as on 3 March in the 37th year of his reign the king by indenture demised to him to farm the said exchanges, to be held in his name by the said Adam and his deputies in all suitable places where he should please within the realm, the city of York excepted, from Easter then next to Michaelmas following and thenceforward for one whole year, rendering to the king 200l. a year; and now petition is made on behalf of Adam for a remedy touching the abatement of his farm, as for divers causes the profit of the exchanges is so diminished that he may not answer for so much, and the king and council are assured that the premises are true. Proviso that the said Adam shall answer for the residue of his farm. By C.

Footnotes

  • 1. In the warrant, John Fleccher otherwise Bele.