BHO

Close Rolls, Edward III: July 1375

Pages 141-154

Calendar of Close Rolls, Edward III: Volume 14, 1374-1377. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1913.

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July 1375

July 10.
Westminster.
To Oliver de Harnham escheator in Berkshire and Wiltesir. Order to take the fealty of Katherine wife of John de Estbury for the manor of Blaggrove according to the form of a schedule enclosed, and to remove the king's hand and meddle no further with the manors of Blaggrove and Haddele, a messuage, one carucate of land and 30s. of rent in Uplamborne, a messuage, one carucate of land and 3 acres of meadow in Wynterborne Earls and Wynterborne Forde, and one carucate of land in Mymbury taken into the king's hand by the said John's death, delivering up any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said John at his death held the manor of Blaggrove of the heirs of the earl of Hereford tenant in chief, who are within age and in the king's wardship, the manor of Haddele as jointly enfeoffed with Katherine his wife, and the residue of the premises as jointly enfeoffed with his said wife and Thomas their son of others than the king.
July 12.
Westminster.
To Roger Keterich escheator in Essex. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with a messuage and 14 acres of land in Dunton taken into the king's hand by reason of the outlawry of John Laurence of Dunton, delivering to Henry Foucher and Alice his wife any issues thereof taken since the death of Joan late wife of the said John, who was wife of Andrew le Nyng' likewise deceased; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said John, who was outlawed for felony, on the day of his outlawry held the premises in right of the said Joan, that the said Andrew and Joan held the same for life by demise of Robert Colman of Little Burstede with remainder to Alice Cooke yet living whom the said Henry has taken to wife, and that they are held of others than the king.
Membrane 29.
July 6.
Westminster.
To John Karnels escheator in Norhamptonshire. Order, if partition thereof be not yet made nor livery given, in presence of the heirs and parceners, if being warned they will attend, to make a partition into four equal parts of a messuage, three cottages, one virgate of land and 4 acres of meadow in Silveston, and to cause Thomas Wolfencote, son of Joan one of the sisters of Richard father of John de Braundeston, to have seisin of his purparty together with the issues of that purparty taken since 12 July in the 46th year of the reign; as upon the finding of an inquisition, taken at the king's command by Simon Warde then escheator, that the said John at his death held the premises in chief in his demesne as of fee by service of serjeanty, namely to taste the king's wine when he should make his abode in his manor of Sylveston, and divers other manors and lands in that county of others than the king, and that the said Thomas, John Assheby son of Margery the second sister of the said Richard, both of full age, Agnes de Foxle daughter of John son of Olive his third sister, and John Mabely son of Richard son of Margaret his fourth sister, both within age, are cousins and next heirs of John de Braundeston, on 12 July aforesaid the king respited the homage of the said Thomas and John Assheby for their purparties to a set day now past, and ordered the late escheator to take their fealty, to take of them security for payment of their relief at the exchequer, to make a partition of the premises into four equal parts, and to cause the said Thomas and John Assheby to have seisin of their respective purparties, with a proviso that every one of the said heirs should have a share of the lands so held in chief and should be a tenant of the king, keeping in the king's hand until further order the purparties of the said Agnes and John Mabely; and the king has now taken the homage and fealty of the said Thomas. Proviso (as before); and order to send the partition to be enrolled in chancery.
July 14.
Westminster.
To Walter Sifrewast escheator in Dorset. Order, if the parcels hereinafter mentioned are in the king's hand for the cause stated and for none other, and if assured by oath of true men of his bailiwick that the lands recovered are parcel of the manor of Wynfred Neubourgh which is held in chief, to take the fealty of Hawise wife of Thomas son and heir of Robert de Neuburgh, and to deliver the said parcels to her according to the effect of the judgments herein recited; as on 18 March in the 11th year of his reign the king by letters patent gave licence to the said Robert to enfeoff Nicholas de Neuburgh clerk and Adam Tettebourne clerk and their heirs of the said manor, so that they having full and peaceable seisin thereof might give the same to the said Robert for life with remainder to the said Thomas and Hawise and to the heirs of their bodies; and now the said Hawise has petitioned the king for restitution of divers parcels thereof, shewing that after the said Robert's death the said Thomas obtained possession of the said manor and without the king's licence aliened those parcels to divers persons for life, namely to John Bagge and John his son 6 acres of land, to John Tiddelyng 3 acres of land, to Richard Font 18 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to William Jattey and Joan his wife 10 acres of land and 2 acres of meadow, to Avice Saldyns 18 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to Edward Mantel 30 acres of land and 5 acres of meadow, to William Reynald and Joan his wife and Robert Wylly 3 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to William Cod and Maud his wife 6 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to Joan Bagge 16 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to Avice Malyns 3 acres of land, to Nicholas Malyn a messuage and 1 acre of meadow, to Maud Terryes 3 acres of land, to John Stoke 5 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to Henry Gylmyn and Alice his wife 18 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to John Penbrygge and Joan his wife 3 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to Avice who was wife of John Gydyion 5 acres of land and 1 rood of meadow, to Avice Shippester 3 acres of land, to Richard Duryng and Christiana his wife 8 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to William Kemere and Margery his wife 10 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to Nicholas Catour 18 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to Roger Raulys and Avice his wife 6 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to Geoffrey Warfoule 3 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to John Tyte 6 acres of land and ½ acre of meadow, to John Colyns 18 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to John Beaugraunt and Agnes his wife 3 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to Isolda who was wife of William Snow 3 acres of land and 1 rood of meadow, to Avice North 3 acres of land and 1 rood of meadow, to Nicholas Tidelyng and Edith his wife a messuage, to John Possch' and Christina his wife 20 acres of land and 4 acres of meadow, to Robert atte Water 3 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, to Clement Mulward and Avice his wife 3 acres of land and 1 acre of meadow, and to John Whiteclyve and Alice his wife 3 acres of meadow all in Wynfred Neubourgh, and that although she overlived the said Thomas, and by judgments rendered in the king's court upon the records and processes of causes before the justices of the Bench by divers writs of cui in vita recovered the said parcels against the persons named, as appears by the tenor of those records and processes which the king has caused to come before him in chancery, Adam atte More late escheator took the said parcels into the king's hand, pretending that in those alienations trespasses are committed against the king, and the same are yet in the king's hand.
July 10.
Westminster.
To John Sayvylle escheator in Yorkshire. Order not to meddle further with the manors of Raskelf and Crakhall and divers lands in Carleton and Coverdale, Welle, Nywebyggyngge, Thoraldby and Burton, a third part of the pasture of Wensladale upon the soil of the earl of Richemund, and 40l. 6s. 8d. of rent issuing from the manor of Sutton in Galtres which Alice who was wife of Ralph de Nevylle tenant in chief at her death held in dower of the right and heritage of John de Nevylle son and heir of the said Ralph, and which by her death are taken into the king's hand, delivering up any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Alice at her death held no lands in that county in chief nor of others in her demesne as of fee, but held as aforesaid the manor of Raskelf of the heirs of lord de Moubray tenant in chief, who are within age and in the king's hand, the manor of Crakhall and other the premises of others than the king; and on 10 October in the 41st year of his reign the king took the homage and fealty of the said John [de Nevylle] and commanded livery to be given him of his said father's lands.
Membrane 28.
July 20.
Westminster.
To John de Sayville escheator in Yorkshire and Westmorland. Order to deliver to Ingelram de Coucy earl of Bedford and Isabel his wife the king's daughter the manors and moiety hereinafter mentioned, with the knights' fees, advowsons of churches and other appurtenances, taken into the king's hand by the death of Joan who was wife of John de Coupland, together with the issues thereof taken since her death; as lately of his favour the king by letters patent granted to the said earl and Isabel and to the heirs of their bodies the remainder of all the manors and lands held for life by the said Joan with remainder to the king, and the knights' fees, advowsons of churches, hospitals, religious houses, vicarages and chapels, the parks, forests, chaces, woods, warrens, fisheries, moors, marshes, turbaries, meadows, feedings, pastures, services of tenants free and neif, liberties, escheats, wards, marriages, reliefs, commodities, profits etc. thereto belonging, which by virtue of the said earl's charter ought to have remained to the king; and now it is found by inquisition, taken by the escheator at the king's command, that the said Joan held for life the manors of Thornton, Coggill and Midleton co. York, the manor of Wynandermer with the members and appurtenances, namely the hamlets of Lageden, Loghrygge, Grysmer, Hamelsate, Troutebek, Appilthwayt, Crosthwayt, Strikelandkell and Hoton, the manor of Castirton and a moiety of the manor of Kyrkeby Kendale co. Westmorland, with remainder as aforesaid, and that the manors of Wynandermer and Castirton and the said moiety with the members are held in chief by the service of the moiety of one fee of barony (unius feodi Baronie (fn. 1) ), the other manors of others than the king; and the king has of his favour respited the homage and fealty of the said earl, who is dwelling over sea with the king's licence, until his return to England. By K.
To Richard de Hoghton escheator in Lancashire. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with the manor of Moresholme, the moieties of the manors of Wiresdale and Assheton and the third part of the manor of Whytyngton, with the knights' fees, advowsons of churches and other appurtenances thereof in his bailiwick taken into the king's hand by the death of Joan who was wife of John de Coupland, delivering to the said earl and Isabel any issues thereof taken; as lately of his favour etc. (as above); and it is found that she held the premises for life etc.; and that the same are held of others than the king. By K.
Membrane 27.
July 5.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Order to stay their demand made by exchequer summons upon Agnes who was wife of John Mautravers the elder and is his executrix to answer to the king for the issues of the manor of Rathgell co. Lemeryk or to account for the same during the time the manor was by the king's commission in her said husband's keeping, discharging her and Robert Rous knight, Joan his wife, John Daroundell, Eleanor his wife and all others at the exchequer of England of the said issues or the value of that manor; as lately upon the finding of an inquisition, taken at the king's command by Nicholas de Bekenesfeld then escheator in Ireland and returned in the chancery of England, that John Mautravers the younger at his death held the said manor in chief by knight service for his life by demise of John Mautravers the elder with reversion to John the elder and to his heirs, at the suit of the said John the elder in chancery in the octaves of the Purification in the 37th year of the reign, averring that the said manor was held of the countess Dessemond as of her manor of Inskysty and not in chief, for that it was before the king alleged that the same is held of the king as found by the said inquisition, and was without the king's licence aliened by the said John the elder to the said John the younger for life, the king sent the record and process of the business for debate before the justices appointed to hold pleas which follow the justiciary of Ireland, committing meanwhile the keeping of the said manor to the said John the elder according to the statute, so that he should answer at the exchequer of Dublin for the issues or the value thereof if it should be determined that the manor or the keeping thereof ought to pertain to the king; and subsequently the said Robert and Joan, John de Arundell and Eleanor, the said Joan and Eleanor being cousins and heirs of the said John the elder who died while the business was pending without debate, and the said Agnes being his wife and executrix who is distrained to render account as aforesaid, appearing in person in the said chancery, averred that the said manor at the time of the alienation was held of the late countess of Dessemond, and is now held of the earl of Dessemund as of their manor of Inskysty and not of the king, as they were ready to shew forth in due manner, craving that the king's hand be removed, and Michael Skillyng the king's attorney offered for the king to prove that the same was held in chief by knight service, and was without the king's licence aliened as aforesaid, craving that inquisition be made by the country, and the said Robert, Joan, John [de Arundell] Eleanor and Agnes likewise, wherefore a day was given them to be in chancery in the quinzaine of Midsummer next to do and receive what should be lawful in the premises; and willing to be fully certified concerning the business the king appointed the chancellor of Ireland, Robert Holywode chief baron of the exchequer of Ireland, William de Karlille baron of the said exchequer, the escheator of Ireland, Walter Lanfant knight and Michael Laweles, five, four, three and two of them, by the oath of knights and other true men of Ireland not of kinship or affinity with the parties or with the earl of Dessemund, son and heir of the said countess, to take the proof aforesaid, commanding the said chancellor and the others to summon to them the king's serjeants and others of the council of Ireland who ought to be summoned and the said parties, to take information touching the business, and at set days and places by them provided to take the said proof, sending the same to the chancery of England under the king's seal used in Ireland before the quinzaine of Midsummer or on that day at latest; and now it is found by inquisition, taken by virtue of the king's command before the said escheator, Walter and Michael and returned in the chancery of England, that the said manor of Rathgell is not held in chief but of the earl of Dessemond as of his manor of Inskysty by the service of 40s. of the king's service when a scutage is current and by suit of the earl's court of Inskysty from quinzaine to quinzaine, and that at the time of the alienation the same was held of the said countess by the services and suit aforesaid and not in chief.
The like, mutatis mutandis, to the treasurer of Ireland and the barons of the exchequer of Ireland.
July 8.
Westminster.
To Thomas Walssh escheator in Leycestershire. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with the manor of Houby taken into the king's hand by the death of Edmund de Fretheby knight, delivering to Margaret his wife any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Edmund at his death held that manor jointly with the said Margaret of the gift of Robert de Melton to them and the heirs male of their bodies, with remainder for lack of such an heir to the said Edmund's right heirs, and that the same is held of others than the king.
To John Carnelles escheator in Norhamptonshire. Like order concerning certain lands in Harleston, Heyford, Bryngton and Colyntrou; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Edmund at his death held no lands in that county in his demesne as of fee, but held the premises as dower of the said Margaret after the death of Ralph de Bolymer sometime her husband, and that the same are held of others than the king.
To John Sayville escheator in Yorkshire. Like order concerning the manor of Edelthorp with the appurtenances of Berthorp, the manor of Fretheby, a messuage and ten bovates of land in Grymsthorp Acclyve, a messuage and two bovates of land in Wystowe, a messuage and two bovates of land in Rillyngton, the manor of Bulmere and divers other lands in Yorkshire; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that Edmund de Fretheby knight at his death held the said manors of Edelthorp and Fretheby and the premises in Grymsthorp, Wystowe and Rillyngton jointly with Margaret his wife by gift and feoffment of John de Carethorp parson of Tanfeld and Robert de Melton to them and the heirs male of his body, the manor of Bulmere and other lands aforesaid as the said Margaret's dower after the death of Ralph de Bulmere sometime her husband, and that all are held of others than the king.
July 16.
Westminster.
To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer and to the chamberlains. Order to account with William de Burstall the king's clerk, to whom on 22 July in the 45th year of his reign the king committed the keeping of the House of the Converts London for life with all things thereto belonging, concerning fees and wages as well for himself as for one chaplain and one clerk serving the said house, also for John de Sancta Maria and Lawrence de Sancto Martino converts of the said house now living, in the same manner as used to be done with William Ayremyn and Henry de Ingelby late keepers thereof, allowing the said William de Burstall such wages for himself, the chaplain, clerk and converts aforesaid as were at the exchequer allowed to the said William Ayremyn and Henry; and order to the treasurer and chamberlains to pay of the treasury what shall by such account be found due to him; as King Edward I of his reverence for the Virgin Mary granted by letters patent to his converts of London for life 202l. 4d. to be taken every year at the exchequer towards their maintenance and the maintenance of a keeper of the house, two chaplains, one clerk of their houses and other property, so that after the death of every convert so much a year of that sum should lapse as the deceased used to take for his portion.
July 19.
Guildford.
To Walter Cyfrewast escheator in Dorset. Order to cause John son and heir of Henry Moigne tenant in chief to have seisin of his said father's lands taken into the king's hand by the said Henry's death and by reason of the said John's nonage; as he has proved his age before the escheator, and the king has taken his homage and fealty. By p.s. [30578.]
To Oliver de Harnham escheator in the counties of Suthampton and Wiltesir. Like order, mutatis mutandis; as the said John has proved his age before Walter Cyfrewast. By p.s. (the same writ).
The like to the following:
Roger Keterych escheator in Essex.
John Serjeaunt escheator in Gloucestershire.
Membrane 26.
July 18.
Henley.
To Walter Cyfrewast escheator in Somerset and Dorset. Order in the name of the king's lordship to take a simple seisin within the gates of Glastonbury abbey and to depart forthwith, not taking or carrying aught away, so that he shall not make his abode there longer than one day nor leave any substitute in his room, suffering the now prior and convent fully to have the keeping and disposal of the abbey, now void by the death of Walter de Monynton the last abbot, and of all the temporalities thereof in his bailiwick, the property and goods thereto belonging, and delivering to them without delay any issues thereof taken, saving to the king the knights' fees and advowsons of churches thereto belonging and escheats after 27 January in the third year of the reign, and the keeping during this vacancy of any lands by the abbots acquired since that day and to the abbey annexed; as on 27 June (sic) in the aforesaid year the king with the assent of the prelates, earls, barons and other nobles of the realm granted by letters patent to the abbot, prior and convent of Glastonbury that at every vacancy of the abbey by death, cession, resignation or otherwise the prior and convent and their successors should have the keeping of the abbey and all the temporalities thereof with all goods and property to the same belonging as fully as ever the abbot had when the see was filled, so that they should have free administration and disposal of the said temporalities, property and goods as they should see best, saving to the king the knights' fees and advowsons of churches during a vacancy, rendering to the king for every vacancy if it should endure one whole year 1,000 marks, and if for a less time or a greater in proportion, so that no sheriff, escheator or other bailiff or minister of the king whatsoever should by reason of such vacancy meddle with the keeping thereof or of the manors, granges or other property or goods whatsoever to the abbey belonging, except that at the beginning of every vacancy the escheator or other minister of the king for the time being should take a simple seisin and at once depart as aforesaid.
To Oliver de Harnham escheator in Wiltesir and Berkshire. Like order (omitting the clause which orders a simple seisin and withdrawal).
The like to John Mattesford escheator in Devon.
July 21.
Westminster.
To John de Sayville escheator in Yorkshire. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with the manors of Upton, Stillyngflete and Kylwardley, certain lands in Aycoscoghsh and a a sixth part of the manor of Baynton taken into the king's hand by the death of John de Grey of Retherfeld knight, delivering to Maud his wife any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said John at his death held no lands in chief in his demesne as of fee, but held the said manors of Upton and Stillyngflete jointly with the said Maud of the gift and feoffment of Peter de Otryham parson of Estclaydon and William de Merston parson of Samerton for their lives, and by fine levied in the king's court likewise held the manor of Kylwardley, the lands and sixth part aforesaid jointly with the said Maud for their lives, and that the premises are held of others than the king.
To Oliver de Harnham escheator in Oxfordshire. Like order, mutatis mutandis, concerning a fourth part of the manor of Stanlake; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that [John] de Grey of Retherfeld knight held that part jointly with Maud his wife by gift of Thomas parson of Niwebury, John de Baldynton, William parson of Chalreye and Robert atte Mulle chaplain to them and the heirs of their bodies, and that the same is held of others than the king.
To Thomas Sewale escheator in Bukinghamshire. Order to deliver to Bartholomew de Grey knight, son of John de Grey of Retherfeld, and to Philippa his wife four virgates of land in Estclaydon taken into the king's hand by the said John's death, together with the issues thereof taken, but to remove the king's hand and meddle no further with the residue of the manor of Estclaydon and the manor of Shobyndon likewise taken into the king's hand, delivering up any issues of these taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that by grant of Nicholas Tudemersh, Thomas Coubrugge and Walter Yonge the said John at his death held for life the said four virgates as parcel of the manor of Estclaydon by knight service of the king as of the honour of Peverel, and likewise the residue of that manor and the manor of Shobyndon of others than the king, with remainder to the said Bartholomew and Philippa and to the heirs of their bodies; and the king has taken the homage and fealty of the said Bartholomew, son and heir of the said John, and has commanded livery to be given him of his said father's lands.
Membrane 25.
March 25.
Westminster.
To Thomas de Reynes lieutenant of William Latymere constable of Dovorre castle. Order to cause twelve whole cloths by him found, which Bydan de Lospital has proved to be his, to be delivered up, to make inquisition concerning eight other cloths which have been eloigned, to whose hands they have come, and if they exist to cause them to be arrested in whose hands soever they shall be found, or if not the true price, which the lieutenant shall lay upon them, to be levied of those who have them and delivered to the said Bydan; as the lieutenant has certified in chancery that he has found twelve of the cloths which the said Bydan by his own oath and by sufficient mainpernors of the city of Bayonne has proved to be his, that the proof seems to the lieutenant to be sufficient, and that eight cloths are in arrear to him, which were wasted and sold by seamen of Romeney and Hethe.
March 25.
Westminster.
To William Latymere constable of Dovorre castle and warden of the Cinque Ports or to his lieutenant. Order to stay until further order payment to Richard Benet parson of the parish church within Dovorre castle of the 9 marks which on 12 November in the 38th year of the reign the king by letters patent granted him in aid of the maintenance of his estate over and above the 6 marks yearly which he takes of the issues and profits of the castle, to be taken every year by him and his successors by the hands of the constable for the time being at Christmas, Easter, Midsummer and Michaelmas by even portions; as the king has learned that the said Richard is not doing the duty of his office, as in law he is bound, in regard to the cure of souls etc.
March 17.
Westminster.
To Thomas Walssh escheator in Leycestershire. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with a manor at Adloxton, three virgates of land and 18d. of rent of freeholders in Carleton Curly, and 16s. 8d. of like rent in Somerby which were of William Hakeluyt, delivering up any issues thereof taken; as lately for particular causes the king ordered the escheator to certify in chancery under seal the manner and cause wherefore the said William's lands were by him taken into the king's hand, the description and yearly value thereof according to the true value in all issues, and the escheator certified that at another time the king sent him a writ to make inquisition how much land the said William at his death held in chief as well in demesne as in service, and how much of others, who was his next heir of blood and of what age, and that he thereupon found by inquisition that the said William held no lands in that county in chief, but it was by that inquisition presented that he died seised of the said manor, value 60s., the said lands value 33s. 4d. a year, and of the said rents, and that John Mey was his next heir of blood, which inquisition the escheator returned in chancery in pursuance of the said writ, certifying that although it was by the said inquisition presented that the said John was next heir of the said William's blood, he the escheator on 20 February last seized the premises into the king's hand, understanding that it pertained to his office so to do to the king's profit, and that he would until further order levy to the king's use any issues and profits thereof arising in the mean time, for that he saw not the said John, and knew not whether he was yet alive or no; and the king reckons that cause insufficient.
April 11.
Westminster.
To Ralph de Tresk escheator in Lincolnshire. Order to deliver to Gilbert de Umframville earl of Angos and Maud his wife the advowson of Skirbek church, if the same was taken into the king's hand by the death of Anthony de Lucy and by reason of the nonage of Joan his daughter and heir and is yet in the king's hand for that cause; as it is found by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said Anthony died seised of no lands in that county, for that he aliened the manor and advowson of Skirbek and all other his lands with the knights' fees and advowsons which he had therein to Richard de Askeby parson of Werkyngton, William de Stodfold parson of Deen and Robert de Evenwode parson of Angreham in fee simple, that after his death the said Joan was his heir, being within age and in the king's wardship by reason of other lands in Cumberland held in chief, that claiming the presentation to Skirbek church in right of the said heir the king presented John de Saxton his clerk to the same, being void during her nonage, that he was at the king's presentation admitted by the bishop of Lincoln, and was instituted therein, that the said Joan died within age and in the king's wardship, and that the said Maud being sister of the said Anthony is aunt of the said Joan and next heir of her said brother, and of the age of 30 years; and after the said Richard de Askeby and Robert de Evenwode died, and the said William de Stodfold survived, and gave the said manor and advowson and other lands with the knights' fees and advowsons to the said earl and Maud and to the said Maud's heirs, and after released to them all his right in the premises, in their possession being; and on 6 November in the 43rd year of his reign the king respited the homage and fealty of the said earl due by reason of issue between him and the said Maud begotten, and commanded livery to be given to them of the said Anthony's lands which came to the king's hands as above rehearsed.
April 12.
Westminster.
To Walter Perle and David Hanemere justices of assize in Oxfordshire. Order, if any such assizes as hereinafter mentioned are before them arraigned against John Dodeford now prior of St. Frideswide Oxford, to hold deliberation and behave so circumspectly in that behalf that nought shall arise which may tend to the prejudice of the king's right in the patronage of that priory, the diminution of chantries and other works of piety established of old time for the souls of the king's forefathers, or to the wrong or oppression of the said house; as upon information received that by lack of care and prudent ruling of the priors and other presidents, by divers alienations of lands and possessions to divers persons in fee, for life and otherwise, by numberless grants of corrodies, pensions and yearly rents by them made, and by removal of books, ornaments, jewels and other goods the property of the priory by fraud and collusion of certain therein, the said priory, which is of the foundation of the king's forefathers and of the king's patronage, is so much fallen that the lands and possessions thereof remaining suffice not for maintenance of the canons there serving, whereby divine worship is diminished, other works of piety established for the king, his forefathers and for other benefactors are withdrawn, and what is worse there is fear that the said canons are like to be dispersed if a speedy remedy be not applied, the king desiring the relief of the priory on 26 February last by letters patent appointed Richard de Treton, John de Honyton and Thomas de Houton or two of them to make inquisition by true men of the county and certify touching the premises; and the king is informed that great number of assizes of novel disseisin touching corrodies and pensions to be taken of the said house are before the said justices arraigned against the said now prior, wherein if they were to proceed the evils aforesaid might easily arise, especially since full inquisition is made upon the said articles, and the defects and hurts suffered by the priory yet remain uncorrected by the king and council.
June 25.
Westminster.
To the abbot of Alnewyk. Strict order upon his allegiance and under pain of forfeiture forbidding him by colour of any command to him now or hereafter addressed by the abbot superior of the Premonstratensian order of France or by the abbot of Salseed of Scotland to submit himself or be intendant or obedient to the abbot of Salseed or his commissaries, or to any commands in their visitations, so behaving that the king shall have no matter for wrath against him as one who violates the rights of the crown; as the king has heard how that the said superior has appointed the abbot of Salseed shortly to visit the abbey of Alnewyk in England, the abbot and canons there, and to do other things unheard of, and the king is aware that if these things were suffered grave prejudice would arise to him and to the crown, especially as in times past such things were never suffered to be done by an enemy or at his command within the king's power or realm, and it is presumed that hereby the abbey is like to be charged with grievous and unwonted imposts, and money to be carried over from England to his enemies, which the king will not and ought not to endure.
Vacated, because upon the Close Roll of last year.
June 2.
Westminster.
To John de Cavendissh and his fellows, justices appointed to hold pleas before the king. Order to view and examine the record and process herewith sent under seal, to summon before them the prior of Lantony Prima in Wales and Robert de Sutton clerk and any other who ought to be summoned, to hear the reasons and allegations to be set forth as well for the king as for the said prior, and to cause any errors therein to be in due manner corrected on either party, proceeding as of right ought to be done according to the law and custom of England; as lately at the suit of John de Gloucestre sometime prior of Lantony aforesaid by his petition in parliament presented before the king and council, averring that by a judgment rendered in error in the Common Bench of Dublin against John Rufford his predecessor (then deceased) the king [recovered] his presentation to the church of Archath, which was appropriated to the said prior and convent time out of mind, and presented thereto William de Bardesby, who at the king's presentation was instituted and inducted, and praying for correction of the errors in that record and process and in the rendering of that judgment, the king caused the same to come before him in England, and the record and process being before the king viewed and examined and the errors appointed therein being heard and debated, it was determined that the said judgment should be annulled and that the said prior should have a writ to the sheriff to put him in seisin of the said advowson; and after in the parliament at Westminster in the twelfth year of the reign it was by the said prior averred that after the annulment aforesaid the justiciary of Ireland presented John de Bardesby clerk, to the said church, being void by the resignation of William de Bardesby, and the king commanded the justiciary to revoke any presentation so made by him in the king's name or by others, suffering the then prior to have such estate in the said advowson as his predecessor had before the rendering of the said erroneous judgment, as appears as well by an exemplification of the said record and process and by the prior's petition in parliament endorsed as by inspection of the rolls of chancery; and after the prior petitioned the king to revoke the presentation of the said Robert de Sutton under the seal used in Ireland, which presentation he procured by averring that the right of presentation belonged to the king by colour of the presentation of John de Bardesby, after revoked as aforesaid, and to stay a plea in the court of Ireland wherein the said prior was at the king's suit impleaded by writ of quare impedit, wherefore the king ordered the sheriff of Meath in Ireland to give notice to the said Robert to be in chancery in the quinzaine of Michaelmas last to shew cause wherefore his presentation ought not to be revoked; at which day the said Robert appeared, and alleged for the king that in the court of Ireland the king recovered by quare impedit the presentation to the said church, and that by virtue of that recovery he the said Robert obtained possession of the said church, wherefore the king caused the record and process of that cause in the court of Ireland with all things affecting the same to come before him in the chancery of England there to be viewed and examined as lawful was; and on behalf of the said prior it is alleged that there are great number of errors in that record and process.
July 14.
Westminster.
To Roger Keterych escheator in Essex. Order to cause Peter son and heir of Walter Burre tenant by knight service of the king as of the honour of Reylegh to have seisin of his said father's lands taken into the king's hand by his death and by reason of the said Peter's nonage; as he has proved his age before the escheator, and the king has taken his homage and fealty. By p.s. [30574.]
Membrane 24.
Sept. 20.
Westminster.
To Walter Cyfrewast escheator in Dorset. Order not to meddle by reason of this vacancy with the temporalities of the bishopric of Salisbury, now void by the death of Robert the last bishop, or with any property to the same belonging, but in the dean's absence to suffer the chapter of St. Mary Salisbury freely without let to dispose of the said temporalities, delivering to the chapter anything thereof taken by him since the bishop's death, saving to the king during this vacancy the knights' fees and advowsons of churches to the bishopric belonging, the temporal escheats which shall fall in, and the keeping of Shirburne castle and of any lands acquired by the bishop or his predecessors since 19 December 11 Edward II; as on that day the late king by letters patent, by the now king confirmed, granted that at every vacancy of the said bishopric the dean and chapter of the said church and their successors should have the keeping of the bishopric and of all temporalities, property and goods thereto belonging as fully as in any times past the bishops had when the see was filled or as the king might or ought to have had if the keeping were in his hands, so that they should have free administration and disposal of the said temporalities, goods and property as they should see best, taking all manner of emoluments, saving to the king the knights' fees held of the bishopric, and the advowsons of churches when they should fall in during a vacancy, so that all rents and yearly services of such fees arising during vacancies should remain to the dean and chapter, and saving to the king escheats which should then fall in, which escheats at the end of every vacancy, namely after the fealty of the bishop elect and confirmed or appointed, should without let or trouble of the king or his heirs remain to the bishop and to his successors, rendering to the king for every vacancy if enduring one whole year 1,021l. 7s. 11d. whereat the bishopric is yearly taxed, and for a greater or a less time in proportion, so that no escheator, sheriff or other bailiff or minister of the king should by reason of a vacancy meddle with the keeping of the bishopric, the manors or other property or goods thereto belonging, except that in the beginning of every vacancy the escheator or other minister of the king for the time being should in name of the king's lordship take a simple seisin within some manor of the bishopric and forthwith depart without taking fealty or acknowledgment of any tenant of the bishopric or taking or carrying aught away, so that by reason of such seisin he should not make his abode there longer than one day nor leave any substitute in his room, saving to the king the keeping of any lands or rents acquired by the bishop in fee after the aforesaid date, to be kept during vacancies by the escheators or other his ministers; so that none of them should by reason thereof enter the bishopric or meddle therewith or with aught thereto pertaining save as aforesaid.
The like, omitting the clause relating to Shirburne castle, to the following:
William de Walleworth mayor of the city of London and escheator therein.
Oliver de Harnham escheator in Wiltesir and Berkshire.
Thomas de Illeston escheator in Surrey and Middlesex.
Membrane 23.
July 6.
Westminster.
To Ralph de Thresk escheator in Lincolnshire. Order to remove the king's hand, and not to meddle further with the manors of Lavyngton, Kynthorp and Withcalle taken into the king's hand by the death of William brother of Nicholas de Cantilupo, delivering up any issues thereof taken; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that Nicholas de Cantilupo knight the grandfather enfeoffed Thomas Neumarche knight, John Bussy and Hugh Cressy jointly of the said manors, which are held of others than the king, that the said feoffees gave the same to Joan who was wife of the said Nicholas for life with remainder to Nicholas son of William son of the said Nicholas the grandfather (both now deceased) and to the heirs of his body, remainder for lack of such an heir to William brother of the said Nicholas the grandson and to the heirs of his body, remainder for lack of such an heir to the right heirs of the said Nicholas the grandfather, and that the same ought by the form of the gift to remain to William de Cantilupo son and heir of the said Nicholas the grandfather for that the said Nicholas son of William and the said William his brother are dead without issue.
To Oliver de Harnham escheator in Wiltesir. Like order, mutatis mutandis, concerning the manor of Ambresbury taken into the king's hand by the death of William de Cantilupo the younger; as the king has learned by inquisition, taken by the escheator, that the said William at his death held no lands in that county in chief in his demesne as of fee nor in service, but by gift and feoffment of Thomas de Neumarchee knight, John de Bussy and Hugh de Cressy held the said manor in his demesne as of fee tail to him and the heirs of his body, with remainder for lack of such an heir to the right heirs of Nicholas de Cantilupo knight his grandfather, that William de Cantilupo knight is next heir of the said Nicholas the grandfather and of full age, and that the said manor is held of others than the king.

Footnotes

  • 1. Sic. Also in the original inquisition.