Close Rolls, Henry V: March 1413

Pages 63-66

Calendar of Close Rolls, Henry V: Volume 1, 1413-1419. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1929.

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March 1413

March 21.
To the guardians of the peace in the county of Suthampton, and to the sheriff. Writ of supersedeas in respect of taking of Henry Kyrton any security for keeping the peace at suit of John Peraunt, otherwise called John de Yorke 'brasyere' of Andevere, and order by mainprise of John Goodman of 'Fletstrete' 'cordewaner,' William Norwich 'treaclemonger,' Nicholas Pytte 'cordewaner' and John Gyboun 'gyrdeler,' all of London, to set the said Henry free if taken.
March 24.
To the sheriff of Bristol. Like writ, mutatis mutandis, by mainprise of Philip Basset esquire, John Thorp, Ellis Combe, all of Bristol, and William Stagarde of the county of Suthampton, in favour of Philip Ricarde of Bristol at suit of any of the people.
April 13.
To the sheriffs of London. Like writ, mutatis mutandis, by mainprise of Thomas Bowet of Herefordshire, Richard Parant of London 'taillour,' David Nevylle 'taillour' and Nicholas Clynt, both of London, in favour of William White 'vynter' at suit of John Sommayster 'vynter.'
April 3.
To the same. Like writ, mutatis mutandis, by mainprise of John Adam, William Hunt, Thomas Sergeant and Robert Couper, each of London 'foundur' of the parish of St. Lawrence in the Old Jewry, in favour of Agnes Subdoun at suit of John Okeherst fishmonger.
Memorandum of a mainprise under a pain of 100l., made in chancery 12 April this year by William Lichfelde, John Somnour, both of Worcestershire, John Greote of Salop and Thomas Maiour for John Cornewaille knight, and of an undertaking by him under a pain of 500l., that he shall do or procure no hurt or harm to any of the people.
March 21.
To the sheriffs of London. Order to cause proclamation to be made, and public notice given, forbidding all the lieges upon their allegiance and under pain of forfeiture under any feigned colour to procure any commotions, disturbances of the peace, riots, insurrections or unlawful assemblies, abiding in peace and quietness, which is the king's greatest desire, and order to arrest and commit to prison all whom they shall find so doing after the proclamation, there to remain until the king shall take other order for their punishment and deliverance; as the late king has given up the ghost, and the succession devolves upon the king, and his will is that peace and quiet shall be had within the borders of his realm, and to that end to abate whatsoever would minister to discord and quarrels. By K.
Like writ to singular the sheriffs throughout England.
Membrane 35d.
The king to Lewys John. Indenture appointing him with assent and advice of the council master and worker of the king's moneys of gold and silver in the Tower of London and in Caleis, having undertaken at his peril before the council to make the same as follows, to wit three kinds of moneys of gold, one current for 6s. 8d. the piece called the gold noble, and they shall make fifty such pieces in the pound of the Tower weight, another of half that weight current for 3s. 4d., a hundred pieces in the pound, a third weighing one fourth of the first current for 20d., two hundred in the pound, and every pound of such pieces of the Tower weight shall be worth 16l. 13s. 4d., and shall be made of 23 carats 3½ grains, and of every pound so made the king shall have 3s. 6d. sterling, whereof the warden, the controller, the cutter of the irons and the clerk of the coins shall have their fees by the hands of the warden, and the master shall take 18d. sterling for his travail, expenses and costs, and 10d. only for loss of weight (empirans), and so there shall remain to the merchant 16l. 7s. 6d. by tale for every pound of fine gold which he shall bring to the mint; and because the money may not always be made according to the standard, but by default of the master or the workmen it shall sometimes be found too strong or too weak more or less in weight or alloy or in both, when at the assay before delivery it shall be found too strong or too weak by the eighth part of a carat in the pound by weight and no more, which shall be called the master's remedy, it shall be delivered as good provided the fault be accidental, otherwise not, but if greater fault be found delivery shall cease, and the money be challenged and adjudged by the assayer less than good, and shall be again molten and wrought at the cost of the master until exact; and the master has undertaken to make five kinds of moneys of silver, whereof each shall enter 30s. sterling in the pound of the Tower weight, to wit one current for 4d. the piece called a groat, there shall be fourscore and ten of them in the pound, another for 2d. called a half groat, 180 in the pound, the third for 1d. called a sterling, 360 in the pound, the fourth called 'maille' shall be worth half the sterling, 720 in the pound, and the fifth called a 'furthinge' shall be worth half the 'maille,' 1440 in the pound, and all shall be of the standard of alloy of the old sterling, to wit every pound by weight shall contain 11 ounces 2 pennyweights of fine silver and 18 pennyweights of alloy, every pennyweight containing 24 grains; and of these moneys of every pound so made the king shall have 3d. by tale, and the master 9d. clear for his labour, offals and all other costs over and above the wages of the warden, the cutter of the irons and other ministers aforesaid, and so there shall remain to the merchant 29s. for every pound of fine and pure silver; and because the money may not always be made of the right standard etc. (as above), when at the assay before delivery it shall be found too strong or too weak by 2 pennyweights in the pound in weight and 2 pennyweights in alloy and no more, which shall be called the master's remedy, it shall be delivered as good provided (as before), but if the fault be greater delivery shall cease etc. (as before), and the warden shall be overseer thereof at all times as to his office pertains; and after the moneys shall be assayed and proved good, before delivery of the whole sum a prise shall be cunningly taken to put in a chest whereof the assays at Westminster shall be made, to wit of every 5lb. of gold by weight the value of one noble at least, and of every 100lb. of silver 2s. or more, and when put in the chest it shall be sealed up with the seals of the warden and the master, and the chest shall be locked with two keys, one remaining with the warden and one with the master, and put for safe keeping in a hutch, and once in three months after reasonable warning it shall be opened in presence of certain lords of the council appointed for the purpose, and in presence of the warden and master assays shall there be made of the moneys in the chest as shall be deemed best, by fire or touchstone or by both, to the end that if they be proved good according to the covenants aforesaid the master shall be quit toward the king and all men to that date, and shall if he will have letters patent accordingly under the great seal without fee or payment, and if they be found weaker than the standard more or less in price (rectius weight) or alloy or in both up to the said remedies and no more, the fault shall be put on record, and the master shall be charged to make recompense to the king, saving always that in case at any time it be found that the moneys are above the standard in weight, in alloy or in both, that shall be put on record and set off against any default which shall be found by the assays at Westminster, and if at any assays of the said chest the moneys are at fault beyond the remedies appointed for the master, he shall make fine and ransom at the king's will; the master may at all times when need be take and receive at the king's cost such gravers as he shall need for graving the irons, provided always that when cut the irons shall in presence of the warden be delivered by indenture to one appointed by the king, and the cutter thereof shall cut them nowhere save in a house within the Tower by the warden and master appointed; the master shall be bound to receive all manner of gold and silver brought to the Tower according to the true value, to wit every parcel in its degree, more or less according to the quality thereof, and if the master and the merchant bringing the same may not agree, the king's assayers appointed for the purpose must try the truth, and the master take it according to what is found upon the two assays, one made by him and the other by the assayers, and shall be therewith charged; two good stones and one pair of lawful touchstones shall be speedily purveyed for the king's use to make the assay of gold of carat between the merchant and the master, and shall remain in the keeping of the warden and master, and the balances and weights shall always be corrected and adjusted from time to time when need be, so that therein be found no fault to the hurt of the people; upon the receipt of gold and silver the master shall be bound to deliver to the merchants bills of the sums they have brought with the sums they ought to receive, so that at the delivery they or their attorneys shewing those bills shall be repaid, and such merchants shall have free ingress and egress without hindrance of porters or others, and without giving aught against their will; delivery shall be made once or twice a week or oftener at the master's will, and after the assay made before delivery he shall have regard to the sums received and the number of persons to take delivery, so that in case the sum wrought suffice not for full payment to all, the delivery be made in fair measure, and every one may take payment according to the amount, having regard to the time when his gold or silver was brought and when it was molten, and upon delivery the master shall be bound to shew every merchant his sum when required; and forasmuch as the warden shall take all the profit belonging to the king, and shall render account thereof, the master shall not be bound to render any account to the king, but only to the warden, as the manner is, except damages laid to his account for defaults in the moneys found by the assays at Westminster, for which he shall answer to the king as aforesaid; the king shall cause proclamation to be made throughout his realm and power that no man shall carry coin or bullion out of the realm under pain of losing the value thereof and his body at the king's will, save by special licence of the king, or a sum for the expenses of those passing out of the realm, and that shall be of the king's coin, and so much as may be reasonably sufficient for each according to his degree, and that no man shall bring to England any false or counterfeit money under the pain aforesaid, and anyone who may spy people so doing, and will sue for the king's profit, shall have the third part of money found counterfeit or being taken out of the realm, and the king two thirds; the king hereby confirms to the master, his ministers and workmen the charters of liberties heretofore granted to the moneyers; and the master has made oath before the council to keep these covenants on his part, for good behaviour in his office toward the king and people, and to recompense the king, and as security that he shall content the merchants for the gold and silver he shall receive while in office, he has found a mainprise before the council under a pain of 1,000 marks, to wit Thomas Chaucer, Henry Somer, John Tirell of Essex, John Cornewaleys and Thomas Walsyngham. Dated Westminster, 14 April 1 Henry V. French. By. K. and C.
Membrane 34d.
Ralph de Radeclif of Lancashire esquire to the king. Quitclaim of the manor of Ulneswalton. Dated London, 15 April 1 Henry V.
Memorandum of acknowledgment, 15 April.