Volume 5: January 1650

Pages 464-500

Calendar of State Papers Domestic: Interregnum, 1649-50. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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January 1650

Jan. 1. Order in Parliament—upon the report from the Council of State touching the next summer's guard, and an estimate of the charge of fitting and setting forth to sea 44 of the State's ships and 28 merchant ships, manned with 8,082 men, to serve for eight months on the Narrow Seas, as the summer's guard for 1650,—that the Council of State give other fit names to the ships called the Prince, the Charles, and the Mary, mentioned in their list.
That the House approves of the number of ships and men to be sent.
That the Council of State are to take care that the fleet so reported be set out to sea before the winter guard comes in, and the Navy Committee be required to make payment accordingly.
That the Council of State cause such of the State's ships as they find unserviceable and a needless charge to be sold, and the proceeds employed in building new ones.
That they consider how the Sovereign may, with the least charge, be made more serviceable.
That they consider the wrong done to merchants at sea, by the taking of their ships and goods by other nations, and the former powers given to them for granting letters of marque, and present an Act to the House for a further power to that purpose, wherein the former is defective; also consider how the merchants may be further enabled to preserve their ships and goods against such wrongs for the future.
That no timber or other trees or woods be from henceforth cut down within the Forest of Dean, upon any pretence whatever, without order from the House.
That all the iron works within Dean Forest be suppressed and demolished, and the Council of State see the same effectually done.
That all timber and trees within Dean Forest already cut be preserved for the service of the commonwealth, and not disposed of but by order of the House or Council of State. [I. 87, pp. 109, 110.]
Jan. 1. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write the Senate of Hamburg of the restraint laid upon English merchants there for taking the engagement; to expostulate with them, and let them know that it has been taken by other companies of English merchants abroad, and must be taken by those of this nation who are there.
2. The Irish Committee to treat with the army treasurers, as to advancing 20,000l. for the army in Ireland.
3. To write the commissioners at Dublin and Col. Venables, that 20,000l. will be sent them for supply of Dublin and the forces in the north, of which 10,000l. is to be employed for such forces, and that they are not to be withdrawn to Dublin, but continued in Ulster, their stay being of so much concernment to the safety of that country.
4. To inform Col. Venables that it is left to him to preserve the peace and quiet of that country, against molestations of the minister or any other persons there, by all lawful means.
5. Viscount Lisle to speak with Mr Nevill, as to whether he will accept the employment of resident in Spain.
6. Alderman Penington and Sheriff Wilson to attend to-morrow, as to appointing a fit person to be sent as agent into Spain.
7. Col. Jones to bring the ordinances and Acts of Parliament,—as to the rebels' lands in Ireland being made over to the Adventurers, —to the Council on Thursday.
9. The Admiralty Committee to confer with Col. Popham as to sending some ships into the Channel, to cruise between Ireland and Scotland.
10. The petition of John Gateford and Jno. Eastlander recommended to Lord Chief Baron Wylde, who is to proceed according to law.
11. The governor of Boston to see that Tattershall Castle is made untenable, provided the amount does not exceed 60l., and a warrant to be issued for that purpose.
12. The order to be renewed for Col. Syler, Governor of Boston, to call in the country to help to demolish Tattershall Castle.
13. Mr. Strickland's letter to be considered to-morrow.
14. When Mr. Martin reports concerning the wood, the House to be moved to order Christchurch wood in Kent to be also sold.
15. The same committee who were appointed to draw instructions for the generals of the fleet, to prepare credential letters and instructions, with blanks for names of fit persons to be put in by the generals, to be sent to such Princes and states as they shall see cause, where they shall have occasion to come in with the fleet.
16. Warrant to be issued to the keeper of Marylebone Park, to cause 100 of the best deer there to be transferred to St. James's Park, and Col. Pride to be desired to take care of this business.
21. Mr. Martin to search for the papers concerning the Sta. Clara, and send them to Council to-morrow.
22. Col. Duckenfield's letter from Chester, of 29 Dec., referred to the Irish Committee. [I. 63, pp. 459–462.]
Jan. 1. Order of the Admiralty Committee that Dr. Walker certify why the Robert frigate, mentioned in the petition of the mariners of the Assurance frigate, has not yet been proceeded against in the Admiralty Court. [I. 123, p. 202.]
Jan. 1. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. As you have not yet received the order from the Council of State for going on with the summer guard according to your estimate, we let you know that the number of ships in the list is approved by the Parliament, to be manned with 3,000 men, and Parliament expects the fleet to be ready in March. You are to change the Rainbow for the Charles. [I. 123, p. 201.]
Jan. 2. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Lord Chief Justice Rolle to examine the business concerning Anthony Nevill striking a man in Nottinghamshire, who soon after died.
2. The prisoners sent up from Southampton, upon suspicion of a burglary committed there, to be examined by Messrs. Manley and Falconbridge, the prosecutor to attend before the said justices, who are to proceed against these two, and take security for the appearance of the others.
3. Messrs. Wallop and Heveningham, and Sir Hen. Mildmay to be a committee to confer with Mr. Duckett, concerning his propositions for the good of the commonwealth.
4. The Lord Mayor to examine the outrage upon Charles Collins, Deputy-Serjeant at Arms, and proceed according to law.
5. Mr. Peters to be Consul at Andalusia, and have credentials to the King of Spain, and instructions about the business of the fleet going southward, and to attend Council to-morrow.
6. The Under Sheriff of Middlesex to attend next Saturday, as to not paying the discovery money to Peter Gifford, according to order of Parliament, upon the apprehension and conviction of several felons at the last sessions at Newgate; the serjeant-at-arms attending the Council to make out the summons.
7. Mr. Frost to prepare an answer to Mr. Strickland's letter.
8. The examinations taken in Munster, of the murders and cruelties there committed, to be brought to the Council, for recommendation to those about to print the former.
9. The bill for relief of tenants against their delinquent landlords to be brought to Council next Saturday. [I. 63, pp. 463, 464.]
Jan. 2. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. We received yours about your treaty with the shipwrights, and a conference with Peter Pett, of Chatham, about the price of building the new frigates, and that he is willing to build two at 6l. 10s. per tun, by the limited time; we desire you to contract with him forthwith. [I. 123, p. 203.]
Jan. 2. Col. Edw. Popham to Colonel Willoughby. The rudder of the Leopard is defective. You are to consult with the shipwrights and officers at Portsmouth, whether she may be laid on ground without prejudice; and if so, to cause her to be brought in, and repaired with speed. [I. 123, p. 202.]
Jan. 2. 1. Bond of Ignatius Brett, of Waterford, sea captain, to John How FitzThomas, of the said city, merchant, and owner of the Diligence frigate of Waterford, in 1,000l. for performance of the articles of the agreement on which the ship is hired. [Copy, ¾ sheet.] Annexing,
1. i. Articles of agreement between John How FitzThomas, owner of the Diligence frigate of Waterford, and Ignatius Brett, sea captain; whereby FitzThomas commits the said frigate to Brett to make a voyage to St. Malo, and Brett agrees to allow him one-third part of the profits, the other two-third parts to be retained by Brett and the ship's company, for wages, victualling, &c., but for rigging tackle, and furniture he may deduct and charge the owners. With proviso that he shall not make away with such frigate, but bring her back to Waterford, 2 Jan. 1650. [Copy, 1 page.]
Jan. 3. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The case of Mr. Pury and his partners, as to the purchase of Canin Wood, co. Hereford, to be reported to the House by Mr. Martin.
2. To write the sheriff of [Gloucestershire] that, by order of Parliament, all the iron works in Dean Forest are to be demolished by 10 Feb. next, and that the forces of Col. Harrison are to assist in putting the order into execution, in case of need.
3. To write Col. Harrison to assist the sheriff in demolishing the said iron works, if needed.
4. Mr. Aldworth and Col. Harrison to present the names of persons fit to be preservators of the timber in Dean Forest.
5. To confer with Sir Wm. Brewerton and the Governor of Chester, on persons fit to be commissioners for the militia, in the county and city of Chester.
6. To write the justices of peace for cos. Dorset and Devon, to suffer the Governor of Rye to buy and transport some corn from those parts, for the use of the garrison, and to preserve the peace there, if any disturbance shall arise about such transportation.
7. The petition of Hammond Brend referred to the Admiralty Committee. [I. 63, pp. 465, 466.]
Jan. 3. Order in the Admiralty Committee that Thos. Anderson, Nicholas Gatonbe, and others, be heard on their petition against the merchants of the Muscovy Company, on Saturday next, when George Austin and eight other witnesses are to attend. [I. 123, p. 204.]
Jan. 3. Admiralty Committee to the [Ordnance Officers]. If you have not 15 or 16 ton of iron bars wanted for the fleet designed southward in store, order must be given for providing them elsewhere; you are also to provide as much small shot as will make 1,000 weight for each of the twelve ships. [I. 123, p. 203.]
Jan. 3. Col. Edw. Popham to the Navy Commissioners. Having ordered the President frigate, which has come into Bristol, to receive 20 tons of clothes, &c. for relief of the army in the north of Ireland, to ply between Scotland and Ireland, I desire you to order your substitutes at Bristol to furnish her with provisions. [I. 123, p. 205.]
Jan. 4. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The two letters read to be copied and sent.
2. The Latin letter prepared by Mr. Milton, and now read to the Council, to be sent to the Senate at Hamburg.
4. The former vote made, as to Mr. Peters' being consul at Andalusia, vacated.
5. To write Mr. Browne, the gunfounder, to get the guns ready for the Swiftsure, the Navy Committee to give him assignation upon the excise of salt, according to his own proposal to Mr. Frost.
6. Instructions to be drawn for Sir Oliver Fleming to go to the Spanish ambassador, according to what has been debated, and presented to the Council.
7. The Ordnance Committee to consider and report on Col. Sydenham's proposals for fortifying the Isle of Wight; all reports heretofore made, for allowing money towards the repair of the fortifications there, to be brought in at the same time, and Col. Sydenham to confer with the committee thereon.
8. Lord Pembroke to deal with Mr. Carlisle, as to appointing persons approved by his lordship, as keepers in St. James's Park.
9. The paper presented to the Council, as to the preservation of the timber, vest, and venison in the New Forest, referred to the Revenue Committee.
10. The letters from W. J[ohnson] and W. E[mperor], of 14 Dec. last, concerning fullers' earth and tobacco-pipe clay, referred to the Lord Chief Baron, to proceed against the offenders, and prevent the like for the future.
11. The draft of the letter to the Emperor of Russia to be reported to the House by Sir Jas. Harrington. [I. 63, pp. 467, 468.]
Jan. 4. Reference by the Admiralty Committee to Dr. Walker, of the petition of Wm. Hull and others, to certify how they may be relieved before the condemnation of their goods, to prepare a proper order, and to take care that the goods in the meantime are not adjudicated upon, the collectors of prize goods certifying that there are precedents whereby well affected persons have been relieved before their goods have been condemned. [I. 123, p. 206.]
Jan. 4. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. Upon request of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland for ships upon that coast, we hold it fit that those now at Bristol be fitted forth to sea there for this winter; it will be a great charge to the State, yet the necessity of them for the defence of those parts calls for it, so we desire you to cause them to be fitted forthwith. [I. 123, p. 205.]
Jan. 4. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. The mast lately set up in the John is as defective as the one taken out; we suspect treachery or knavery in those through whose hands it passed. You are strictly to examine what master attendant, master shipwright, &c. were instructed about it, and return their names to us; and consider the speediest way for fitting forth the ship. [I. 123, p. 207.]
Jan. 5. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write the sheriffs of London, that complaint has been made to Council that the money allowed by Act of Parliament, upon the conviction of felons, is . . . . . .
2. The business of the Act of Parliament for punishing revolted seamen to be considered on Tuesday, as also Col. Sydney's letter from Dover; the judges of the Council and of the Admiralty, and Dr. Walker to be sent for.
3. The business of prisoners committed to Newgate by warrant from Council to be considered on Tuesday.
4. The bond for Mrs. Allein to be newly taken, with the condition that she shall not depart the parish in which her mother lives, without leave of the Parliament or Council.
5. Sir Hen. Mildmay and Mr. Holland to confer with Mr. Thomas from Windsor, concerning the furniture there, and give such answer to the governor's letter as they see cause.
6. The instructions to be sent to the Ambassador of Spain, by Sir Oliver Fleming, read and approved.
7. Sir Hen. Vane, the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, Mr. Scott, Col. Purefoy, and Mr. Frost appointed a committee to draw a short narrative, to be presented to the House, of the condition of the affairs of the commonwealth.
7a. To consider on Monday what shall be written to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
8a. The letters to the sheriffs of Middlesex, and to the mayor and jurats and governor of Dover, to be signed and sent.
9. Report brought in [from the Irish Committee] approved; viz.,—
That as there is a great want of clothes among the soldiers under Sir Chas. Coote and Col. Venables, it be reported to Council that order should be given to Commissary Wm. Dobbins, out of the clothes for the army in Ireland now under his charge, to cause 2,000 suits, 2,000 shirts, 2,000 pairs of stockings, and 2,000 pairs of shoes to be packed, marked, and shipped for them, if the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland approve; also to send them 1,950 suits of clothes which he is to receive out of the Tower; and to send away all the said provisions along with the rest of the clothes that are to go to the Lord Lieutenant. [I. 63, pp. 469–471.]
Jan. 5. Order of the Admiralty Committee, postponing the re-hearing of the petition of Thomas Anderson and Nicholas Gatonbe, touching the merchants of the Muscovy company, until this day week. Meantime petitioners' witnesses to be examined before a master in Chancery. [I. 123, p. 208.]
Jan. 7. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
2. The business of the ship of Limerick, of which relation was brought to the Council by Mr. Aldworth, referred to the Admiralty Committee, who are to consult with Dr. Walker.
3. The justices of peace in Kent, and especially Mr. Woodcott, to suppress the victualling house in Milton, near Gravesend, in possession of John Riddall.
4. A committee to be appointed to examine Hen. Browne about the transport of gold; Sir Hen. Mildmay, Col. Purefoy, and Alderman Pennington to be of the committee.
5. The commissioners of customs to attend to-morrow, as to preventing the export of gold and silver.
8. 20l. to be paid to Mr. Blake, by Mr. Frost, to enable him to proceed in his service.
9. To recommend to the Revenue Committee to take the account of Mr. Gaywood's charge for carrying timber to the seaside for Pendennis garrison, and to pay what is due to him.
10. Gregory Julian to be sent down to Tutbury Race, to look to the race, and answer the charge there made against him by the surveyors.
11. To write the surveyors of Tutbury Race to proceed with their charge against Gregory Julian, and certify thereon.
12. The paper of Anth. Larder, merchant of London, concerning Sir Jno. Clotworthy, to be reported to the House by Lord Commis sioner Lisle, and also the papers containing the charge of Geo. Wood against Clotworthy and Mr. Davies.
13. The letter of Col. Brownwick to Capt. Bishop, concerning Canin Wood, to be reported to the House by Mr. Martin.
14. The representation of the Admiralty judges referred to the Admiralty Committee, who are to write the Earl of Warwick in behalf of the people's complaint, and act as they find it best for the State and the parties concerned.
15. The information of Hen. Browne, of Dover, referred to the Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and Sir Jno. Lenthall to send Browne to attend him. [Vol. V., No. 2.]
16. The business of the meal to be considered this afternoon.
17. The petition of Hubert Collard referred to the Admiralty Committee.
18. To write the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, enclosing the petition of Hubert Collard concerning the St. Nicholas taken at Waterford, and desire him to report thereon, that the ship may either be discharged, or proceeded against according to law.
Reports of the Irish Committee approved, as follows:
19. That finding the 16,000 cassocks and breeches provided for the foot forces in Ireland will not be sufficient, order should be given to the officers of the Tower, to deliver to Wm. Dobbins, commissary, the 1,950 cassocks and breeches now in the Tower, to be sent to Sir Charles, on orders from the Irish Committee.
20. That on Sir Chas. Coote's letters, and the petition of Nathaniel Andrewes, merchant, for license to transport shoes, boots, shirts, bridles, saddles, &c. for the army in Ireland, order be given for such license, he paying the necessary customs, and giving bond to the customs' officers to carry such goods to the garrisons in Ireland obedient to Parliament.
21. That as to the petition of the Commissioners of Derby Hundred, in Lancashire,—who were ordered to examine how quarters have been paid by the forces that have gone into Ireland, in Lancashire, Cheshire, and Berkshire,— as abuses of that kind cannot be well examined until Mr. Walley, who had orders to discharge quarters in Lancashire and Cheshire, returns his accounts, and certifies what forces they were that were guilty of such disorders, letters be sent, with a copy of the petition, to Chas. Walley, to order him to meet the commissioners of the counties, and examine by whom free quarters were exacted; also to send to Council an account of all the moneys he has issued, for paying quarters or otherwise, for the State's use.
22. The complaint against Lodowick Carlisle's deputy in St. James's park referred to the Earl of Pembroke.
23. The Earl of Pembroke desired to call upon the Act in the possession of Col. Purefoy, for putting of the cavaliers out of this town, and keeping them 20 miles distant from it.
24. The Act prepared and sent to the House, concerning the distribution of Acts and orders of Parliament, to be likewise called upon.
25. The Act concerning corn to be reported to the House by Sir Gilbert Pickering.
26. The Lords Commissioners of the Seal to have power to send down Commission of Oyer and Terminer, directed to such persons as they shall conceive fit, for every county, and to take care to send a commission speedily to Oxford.
27. The letter now read, and formerly ordered, approved, signed, and sent.
28. The letter from Lidcott, captain of the Garland, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
29. The proposition from the Navy Commissioners, for building six new ships, approved.
30. The Admiralty committee to confer with the Ordnance officers as to the state of the ordnance belonging to the Navy, where the guns lie, whether they may be had by next spring, and whether there are sufficient for fortifying the ships going to sea next summer, that speedy provision may be made, in case there shall not be sufficient.
31. The Admiralty Committee to examine the Lord Admiral's power to press ships, whether it is by law or custom, and if there be any want of power, to bring in a draft to pass the House to supply it, and to examine the whole carriage of the Merchant frigate.
32. To report to Parliament that some more ships should be built, which will be best done now, because of the great stores of timber cut down.
Reports from the committee for Ireland; viz.:—
33. That order be given to Dennis Gauden to send a ship from Liverpool to Ireland, with 600 quarters of the rye sold by him to Council for Carrickfergus and Belfast, free of charge, and subject to the orders of Sir Charles Coote or Col. Venables.
34. That the following proposition having been read and approved of, be put in execution by the Navy Commissioners, viz.:
34. i. Navy Commissioners to the Admiralty Committee. We have this day finished our agreement with Peter Pett, our fellow commissioner, for building two of the six new frigates, and since his undertaking at 6l. 10s. 0d. a ton, the rest of the builders, although unwilling lately to accept that rate, do now, he having broken the way, condescend thereto; we present what we have done, and pray your answer, that we may proceed with the persons under mentioned according to your conditions made with Mr. Pett.
Mr. Pett will build two ships at Woodbridge; Capt. Jno. Taylor one, Mr. Pett, master shipwright, one, and Jonas Shish one, all in London, and Hen. Jonson one at Deptford.—Navy Office, 4 Jan. 1650. [I. 63, pp. 475–482.]
Jan. 7. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order that the owners of the Ambrose and Charles of London enter into a recognizance of 500l. in the Admiralty Court, to bring in the ship to the port of Bristol or London, and make a return thereof to the committee, in pursuance of a reference by the committee to Dr. Walker on the petition of John Richards.
Jan. 7. Reference of the petition of Hubert Collard to the Admiralty Court. [I. 123, p. 211.]
Jan. 7. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. We desire to speak with John Holland and Peter Pett to-day, with reference to the building of the six frigates. They are to bring a list of the summer guard, and come prepared to give us an account of what they have done therein. [I. 123, p. 209.]
Jan. 7. 3. Certificate by Barth. Beale, auditor, in pursuance of an order of the committee for regulating the Mint, of the quantity of angel and crown gold and silver moneys, which were minted from 16 James to 8 Charles; varying for angels from 5 lbs. to 29 lbs. in the year; for crown gold, from 3,307 lbs. to 22,581 lbs.; and for silver from 69 lbs. to 23,330 lbs. [1 sheet.]
Jan. 8. Order in Parliament that the letter of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland of 19 Dec., from Cork, be referred to the Council of State.
Jan. 8. Order in Parliament that Friday next be appointed for receiving the report of the Council of State.
Jan. 8. Order in Parliament that the custodium of so much of Lord Muskerry's estate as amounts to the value of 1,000l. a year be granted to Lord Broghill, until the country where Lord Broghill's estate lies shall be gained from the power of the enemy, and that the Council of State do write the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to grant him the custodium accordingly.
Jan. 8. Order in Parliament that the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland be desired to come over and give his attendance in Parliament, and that the Council of State prepare a letter, to be signed by the Speaker and sent to the Lord Lieutenant, for that purpose, as also to thank him for his great service and faithfulness to the commonwealth.
Jan. 8. Order in Parliament that the letter from Hamburg of 11 December last be referred to the Council of State, who are to do therein as they shall deem most convenient. [I. 87, pp. 111, 112.]
Jan. 8. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The letter from Sir Chas. Coote, of 30 Oct., with the petition of Capt. Robert Clerke, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
2. The petition of Fras. Huncks, wife of Col. Hercules Huncks, referred to the Irish Committee.
3. Patrick Young to be library keeper at St. James's, and make all speed in preparing a catalogue of the books, models, &c. remaining there, as also of what is missing.
4. Lord Commissioner Whitelock, Sir Gilbert Pickering, and Viscount Lisle, to be a committee to consider what may be a sufficient subsistence for Young, as keeper of the library.
6. Rich. Nutt, master of the commonwealth barge, to be allowed 60l. a year, as his predecessors had.
7. Rich. Scutt to have 16s. a day, viz., 7s. for himself, 3s. for David; 2s. a-piece for two men; and 1s. a day for two women.
8. The examination sent by the bailiffs of Ipswich to be forwarded to Mrs. Rainborow, and a warrant sent to the bailiffs of Ipswich, to keep—in prison until further orders.
9. 100l. to be paid to Mr. Waring, for his book containing examinations of the bloody massacre in Ireland.
10. Mr. Milton to confer with some printers or stationers, about the speedy printing of this book, and give an account of what he has done therein.
11. Mr. Milton to prepare and bring to Council an answer to the book of Salmasius.
12. The Act for indemnifying tenants to be brought in on Thursday.
13. The Admiralty judges to bring in the business of the Sta. Clara, on Monday, when the judges that are of the Council are to attend.
14. The Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, Lord Chief Justice, and Lord Chief Baron, to be a committee to consider the return on the miscarriages of the Charter House. [I. 63, pp. 485– 487.]
Jan. 8. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. We refer the enclosed order of the Council of State to you, to inform us how far the Lord Admiral's power for pressing ships for the immediate service of the State extends, and of the defects of power therein, so that we may give an account to the Council of State. You are also to inform us of the carriage of the owners of the Merchant frigate, and consider the enclosed letter from Col. Lidcott, and inform us what is fit to be done therein. [I. 123, p. 212.]
Jan. 9.
4. The Committee for the Mint to John Delabar and four other dealers in matters of exchange between merchants, at the Exchange, London. In order to satisfy the Council of State touching the matters referred to us, we desire you to collect the weekly rates and prices of exchange, and how the same has run and gone from London to Amsterdam, Antwerp, Hamburg, France, and Venice, from Dec. 1647, to Dec. 1649 inclusive; you are to put it in writing, and certify us by the 23rd inst. [Signed by Sir James Harrington. 1 page.]
Jan. 9. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write Mr. Augier, enclosing the petition of Rich. Shute, and to desire him to make a demand of the ship mentioned therein, and use his best endeavours to procure restitution.
2. The Lord General, Lord Commissioner Lisle, Sir Hen. Mildmay, Mr. Scott, and Mr. Wallop, to consider the proposition of Col. Sydenham, governor of the Isle of Wight, formerly referred to the Ordnance Committee.
3. The Lord General to take care that some troops of horse are appointed for the guard of the Isle of Wight, and that the troop under Capt. Elmon, now in the isle, be continued there, until his lordship has found some other troop for that service.
4. Alderman Mempris, Maurice Tomson, Mr. Waterton, Mr. Hubbart, and Mr. Cooper, to examine a paper given in by Robert Leigh and Rich. Roe, and send for the parties, and for Capt. Ellis and such other witnesses as Roe names, bind the parties to good behaviour, or commit them until they find security, and bind over the prosecutors and witnesses to the next sessions.
6. Sir Hen. Vane to confer with the Navy Committee, concerning the business of Vice-Admiral Moulton.
7. The Admiralty Committee's opinion, concerning the buying of the Merchant frigate for 2,750l., approved.
8. The Navy Committee to find 2,750l. for payment of it, according to the inventory given in by Robert Thomson.
9. The Navy Commissioners to provide 15 tons of square bar iron, at the cheapest rates, and cause it to be cut and fitted for the use it is desired for, and sent aboard the fleet, and to see that it is paid for.
10. The wardrobe in the Tower to be prepared for keeping the powder that is to be proved, it being a place fit for that purpose, and a warrant to be issued therefor.
11. The ordnance officers to certify whether it be necessary to have the chimneys pulled down that are in or near the White Tower, and how long they have been erected.
12. Sir Oliver Fleming to tell the Spanish ambassador that the Council is sorry he has not credentials to remain, to continue the amity, but they doubt not that when he is gone, he will do what he can to that purpose; when he signifies the time of his going, they will order all civilities to be shown him.
13. The Navy Commissioners to attend to-morrow, about the business of the calkers.
16. In pursuance of the order of Parliament, the child lately taken by Wm. Dudley from Monsr. de Vaux, and Madeline his wife, its grandfather and grandmother, now restored to them, is to be continued in their custody by judgment of Chancery, and Mr. Dudley, not to attempt the removal of such child. [I. 63, pp. 488–501.]
Jan. 9. Proceedings at the Committee for the Mint. A paper from Mr. Robinson, merchant, offered by Mr. Reynolds, deputy assay-master, about finding a par, received and returned.
Mr. Johnston desired to prepare a draft of an Act for preventing the transportation and melting down of English money, and to offer it to the committee on Wednesday next.
Sir Jas. Harrington to sign an order to the brokers of the Exchange, to make a report how the exchange has gone from all parts, since 1647. [½ page. Vol. III., No. 114, supra.]
Jan. 10. Order in Parliament that in the patent to be prepared by the Attorney-General, for constituting Hen. Ireton Major-General of the Parliamentary forces in Ireland, as President of Munster, a clause be inserted that the said President shall pursue such instructions as shall be given him by the Parliament or Council of State, or by the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Also,
That the Council of State prepare instructions to be observed by the President of Munster, and take care the same are sent to him forthwith. [I. 87, p. 113.]
Jan. 10. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The desire of Col. Sydenham, concerning the finishing [sic furnishing ?] the Isle of Wight, referred to the Ordnance Committee, the Lord General, Lord Commissioner Lisle, Sir Henry Mildmay, Mr. Wallop, and Mr. Scott.
2. To write the Navy Commissioners, acknowledging their letter concerning the calkers' deserting the service of the new frigates, and to request them to examine the business, Council believing that the desertion arises either from some practise, or from disaffection; also to represent to the men the penalties they will incur by such courses, and exhort them to return to their duty, as being a more proper means to gain an increase of wages than the neglect of their duties.
4. The collectors for prize goods to take care of the wounded men who come from the Sea Flower, and pay Capt. Coppin his account for money disbursed for wounded men.
5. The Lord Chief Baron to send for Browne by warrant, as often as he shall see cause, to examine him concerning his information on behalf of the State, and Sir Jno. Lenthall to send him to the Lord Chief Baron in safe custody.
6. 50l. to be given to Cuthbert Sydenham, for good services in writing several tracts upon various subjects.
7. Col. Purefoy and Col. Wauton to be a committee to examine Thomas Page, with power to commit or set him at liberty.
8. The instructions for the Lord President of Munster referred to the Irish Committee. [I. 63, pp. 504, 505.]
Jan. 10. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. We enclose the petition of Wm. Ryder and Jno. Robinson, merchants, and desire you to examine the abuses committed by ships' carpenters, who take away workmen from the yards, especially the carpenters in the East India yards, and to prevent like abuses for the future. [I. 123, p. 215.]
Jan. 10. Admiralty Committee to the Earl of Warwick. There have been complaints to the Council of State by some poor people, concerning their shares in the ship Augustine, taken prize in 1629. The matter was referred to the Admiralty judges, who made the enclosed report, and we desire your answer thereon. [I. 123, p. 216.]
Jan. 11. Order in Parliament,—on report from the Council of State about the East India, Levant, and Eastland merchants, that it be reported to the House that those merchants, taking notice of a power given to the Council for advance of trade, have sent in their desires, which tend to restraint of general liberty of trade; that such restraints, if needful, should be laid by Parliament, to whom therefore the case is commended, they representing that the recovery or loss of their trade will depend upon something being done with expedition;—that an Act of Parliament be prepared, appointing commissioners as standing council for regulating trade in all parts of the nation, and that Thos. Challoner and Major Salway bring it in this day fortnight. [Levant Papers, Vol. I., No. 108.]
Jan. 11. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mrs. Fletcher's papers referred to the Attorney-General, who is to proceed thereupon, if he finds it to be for the advantage of the commonwealth.
2. Some person to be appointed to reside with the Duke of Florence, as a public officer, for maintaining a good correspondence, and carrying on merchants' affairs.
4. To write the Treasurers-at-War to pay 3,000l. for cheese for Ireland, and in lieu thereof, to forbear paying in a like sum, part of the 10,000l. for four months.
5. The trustees for sale of the late King's lands to attend tomorrow, about making sale of dotard trees in Windsor Forest.
6. Col. Blake's letter from Portsmouth, of the 9th inst., referred to the Admiralty Committee.
8. The petition and proposition of Wm. Parker referred to the Committee for the Poor.
9. The committee for taking the accounts of Mr. Frost to examine what is due to the several officers of the Council and the Derby House Committee, and to give order to Mr. Frost to pay them; Sir Gilbert Pickering, Sir Jas. Harrington, and Mr. Martin added to such committee.
10. To write Mr. Coysh that the Council approves of his charitable proportion [proposition ?] for conversion of the forces, and doubts not but Parliament, to whom the application is more proper, will, in a convenient time, consider the matter.
11. The Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal to consider the Act presented to this Council by the Lord President, concerning the oppression exercised by malignant landlords upon their well-affected tenants, and report thereon.
12. Order that—whereas 18 bags of wool, worth 63l., and belonging to Wm. Hull and Jonas Morris, were lately taken in a Bristol vessel, by the Concord, a ship in the service of the Parliament, and Hull and Morris having petitioned for restitution, affirming that it constitutes the remainder of their livelihood, they having lost and spent the greatest part of their estates in adhering to the Parliament; and as they offer to satisfy the captain and mariners of the Concord, out of the third part of its value; and as the Council has received letters from Col. Robt. Blake, M.P., one of the generals of the fleet, that Hull and Morris, besides their constant affection to Parliament in times past, were of late very active in reducing the garrisons of Cork, and adventured their fortunes and lives for the Parliament, and that with good success;—the wool be restored to them, they satisfying the said third part of the value of the appraisement, to the collectors for prize goods, for the use of the captain and mariners, as they themselves offered. [I. 63, pp. 507–509.]
Jan. 12. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. All the members present to be a committee to examine some papers delivered by Sir Oliver Fleming, and report thereon; Lord Commissioner Lisle and Sir William Masham to take care of the business.
3. A clause to be prepared, to be inserted in the Act for putting delinquents out of town, that may confine them within five miles of their own houses, as done to convicted Papists by the Act of Elizabeth.
4. The Ordnance Committee to examine all the gunners that have not been employed, and to discharge them if they see cause; the six who shall stand to be recommended to the Revenue Committee, to be paid forthwith, in regard of their great necessity.
5. The Lord President and Lord Commissioner Lisle to examine the business of Mons. de Cerfe, and report.
6. The Irish Committee to consider from what parts of England it will be most fit to transport Col. Hackett's troop of horse for Ireland.
7. The Admiralty Committee to give order for the victualling of the ships that are to go southward for six months, from the 20th inst., and also give order to the Navy Commissioners to press 150 men, and send them to Portsmouth, for the service of the fleet now going forth, and also press the Navy Commissioners to hasten forward the summer fleet.
8. To write Col. Willoughby that the Council has appointed all the ships to begin their victuals on the 20th inst., and that he must provide accordingly; and that order is given to press 150 men.
9. The Ordnance Committee to contract with Mr. Browne, the gunfounder, for ordnance for the winter fleet for next year.
10. Mr. Scott to send for and examine Owen Lloyd, and if he finds the discovery made by him to be of such consequence as to deserve a reprieve, to desire the Lord Mayor, the judges, and the Recorder to grant a reprieve as from this Council, for a few days.
11. The business of the Sta. Clara, and the bill for the trial of offenders at sea, to be considered next Thursday.
12. To write Col. Desborow, acknowledging the receipt of his letters and papers, and desire him to thank the gentlemen who gave the advertisement for their care, and to commit Mr. Slingsby and the other party mentioned to safe custody in Pendennis Castle, until further orders.
13. The Lord President, the Lords Commissioners of the Seal, Sir Hen. Mildmay, Mr. Scott and Mr. Holland to examine the busi ness of the forest, now in difference between the trustees of the late King's lands and some gentlemen employed for cutting woods in Windsor Forest, and to meet next Monday and report to the House.
14. The petition of Lady Mary Herbert to be heard next Monday.
15. The papers given in by Capt. Ellison, master of the Persia, with the petitions of two masters' mates, referred to the Admiralty judges, who are to liquidate the account of the said ship, and return it to this Council.
15a. The reports from the Irish Committee, for payment and shipping of goods for Ireland, approved. [I. 63, pp. 511–515.]
Jan. 12. Order of the Admiralty Committee, postponing the matters in difference between Thos. Anderson and Nich. Gatonbe and the Muscovy Company until this day week. [I. 123, p. 217.]
Jan. 12. Admiralty Committee to the Collectors for Prize Goods. Walter Ady informs us that Thomas Page lately bought a vessel called the Satisfaction, of Prince Rupert's agent, and it now lies at Deptford. Page has been apprehended with Prince Rupert's commission, and another from his agent, Whittington, which, with Ady's examination, we enclose, whereby, with Dr. Walker's advice, you may proceed against the vessel in the Admiralty Court; in the interim you are to seize her for the State, and Ady having been at some charge in this discovery, and not having wherewith to subsist, you are to imprest 5l. to him, in part of recompense, in case the vessel shall be proved prize. [I. 123, p. 216.]
Jan. 12. Admiralty Committee to the Ordnance Officers. The Council of State desire to know the state of the Navy ordnance, and where the guns lie, whether they can be had by next spring, and whether there are sufficient for fortifying the ships which are to go to sea next summer. [I. 213, p. 217.]
Jan. 12. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. In pursuance of a reference to us by the Council of State, on a letter from Colonels Blake and Popham, of the 11th instant, from Portsmouth, we desire you with all diligence to press the 150 men desired for the fleet at Portsmouth, and cause them to be sent away in the ships now in the river, and going there. Also to order the victualling of the fleet that is to go southward, so that their six months' victuals may commence from the 20th inst.; and because we would have no delay, we desire you to hasten away the ships for the use of that fleet, and inform us in what forwardness all things are, and whether the Merchant frigate will not be ready timely enough. It may be of importance to the welfare of the squadron that the reserve be hastened, and therefore you are to omit no opportunity for hastening the 20 ships of the summer guard, according to the estimate you sent to the Council of State, which is approved, and you are to send us notice how many of the 20 ships may be ready within six weeks. [I.123, p. 218.]
Jan. 14. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The Commissioners of Customs to search the convoy ships of Zealand, now ready to sail from the Thames, for gold and silver, which is to be transported in them.
2. The petition of Susanna Beckwith and others to be reported to Parliament by Sir Gilbert Pickering, and the House desired to declare their pleasure.
3. The business between the Russia company and Thos. Horth to be considered next Monday, and an answer then given.
4. The Lord General to call off the soldiers at the Spanish Ambassador's, and send no more without the Council's knowledge.
5. Sir Oliver Fleming to inform the Spanish Ambassador that the Council knew nothing of the assessment upon his house, and that they are sorry for the disorders committed by the soldiers, and have given order for their removal, and to have the business further examined, so as to find out by whom the soldiers were sent.
6. Benjamin Raynor, who signed the billet for the 20 soldiers to the Spanish Ambassador, to be sent for and examined.
7. To write the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to give order to defalk 28l. 3s. 0d. out of the pay of Capt. Norwood, being the amount he left unpaid of his quarters while at Liverpool.
10. To write the trustees and contractors [of the late King's goods], to furnish Lord Grey with two suits of hangings for his lodgings.
11. A form of a commission for colonels, majors, and captains, to be employed in the militia of the several counties, to be brought in for approbation.
12. Lord Grey, Sir Wm. Masham, and Mr. Heveningham to be a committee to name some persons who may give a monthly account to Council what progress is made in the militia.
13. To write the commissioners in Devon and Cornwall, to hasten the execution of the instructions concerning the militia that have been sent to them, so as to prevent inconveniency by delay.
14. To write Col. Desborow that there are divers designs on foot in the West, and that he is therefore to be especially watchful against their breaking out, and Council will be ready to give him all assistance.
15. To write Col. Bennett, to thank him for his care of the public, condole with him in his indisposition, and let him know what is done towards the security of those places by the new militia.
16. The business of the militia of London to be debated next Monday, the Militia Committee to be present; Major-General Skippon to confer with them, and prepare things, that they may be ripe for the debate; the militia of London to be also earnestly desired to meet timely, that they may come prepared.
17. To write to the committee of Norfolk, sitting at Norwich, and to the town of Yarmouth, to take notice of the great misery that the prisoners are in, in those gaols, they being committed for piracies, or for serving the enemy at sea, and to appoint that they have 4d. a day allowed for subsistence, and means to free them from that filthy and nasty condition in which they now are, by changing their straw and clothes; also to certify what number of prisoners they have in their custody, and for what causes.
18. Col. Cox's letter from Guernsey, with the paper enclosed, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
18a. To consider next Wednesday how to settle an alliance between the commonwealth and the Switzers, when the Council is to be desired to be present.
19. Sir Hen. Mildmay to speak to Lord Commissioner Whitelock to get the Act passed with speed, for the sheriffs to spread and publish the Acts of the House, and public orders of the Council.
20. Mr. Heveningham and Mr. Scott to send Mr. Robinson a sufficient number of the public Acts, and of Mr. Milton's books, to spread in those parts where he is.
22. George Penruddock, brother of Edw. Penruddock, prisoner in the Tower, to have liberty to speak with his brother, in presence of the lieutenant. [I. 63, pp. 516–520.]
Jan. 15. 5. Order in Parliament that 200l. be advanced for the present relief of the persons now in want, by reason of the late accident by fire in Tower Street, and that the Committee of Haberdashers' Hall pay the same, out of the first moneys that shall come to their hands, to Alderman Foulke, John Greensmith, Wm. Greaves, senior, Wm. Greaves, junior, George—, Robt. Waklow, and Barnard Hopkins, and reimburse themselves out of the 2,000l. fine imposed on Abraham Reynardson, late Alderman of London, which they are to levy, and to pay the residue as formerly ordered. [¾ page.]
Jan. 15. 6. Account by the committee appointed by Parliament to receive the money due on bonds for the duty of 1 per cent., of the receipts and disbursements made by them, from 26 Aug. 1645, to this date. Total receipts, 32,277l. 3s. 5½d; disbursements, 31,958l. 7s. 7½d.; balance in hand, 318l. 15s. 10d. [1 sheet.]
Jan. 15. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Yesterday's letters approved, and to be written and sent.
2. The form of the commission for the militia officers in the counties approved.
3. The paper brought in from Mr. Morrell, complaining of losses by merchants interested in the two ships taken in the river by Capt. White, and carried to Dunkirk, referred to the Admiralty judges.
4. The petition of the merchants trading to Portugal to be considered next Friday.
5. The order of the House concerning the taking down of the king's image and arms, in all places throughout this nation, to be sent for, and offered to Council to-morrow.
6. Thomas Washborne to be assistant to the master of the barges, at 20l. a year salary.
7. The petition of the inhabitants of Benfield, county Berks, referred to Lord Commissioner Whitelock.
8. The restraint formerly laid upon the sale of the goods at Hampton Court taken off as to the cloth of state, and the trustees for the sale of the late King's goods informed thereof.
9. The ship Charles to be called the Liberty, the Prince the Commonwealth, and the Mary the Unity. [I. 63, pp. 523, 524.]
Jan. 16. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write the Navy Committee that, as Col. Blague [Blake] is to go as general of the fleet southward, order be given for payment of his last year's salary, that he may be better fitted for the service.
2. A letter to this purpose [i.e., the voyage of Col. Blake], to be sent to foreign Princes.
3. Col. Blake to be instructed to send for English merchants abroad, where he comes with his fleet, to tender them the engagement, and to tell them that as the State protects them, it expects them to be faithful, and not to own any ambassadors from Charles Stuart.
4. Ant. Ascham approved to go as resident to the King of Spain, and to have notice to go in the fleet now going southward.
6. Ascham to have an allowance of 800l. a year for his employment.
7. The Lord President, Sir Hen. Vane, Sir Wm. Armyne, Mr. Scott, and Col. Purefoy to be a committee to draw up his instructions.
8. Col. John Berrow, Major Wade, John Dean, and Hen. Rudge to be preservators of Dean Forest.
11. The Switzers' business to be taken to-morrow, and the Santa Clara on Friday.
14. Instructions for Col. John Berrow, Major Wade, John Deane, and Hen. Rudge, appointed conservators of Dean Forest, to execute the orders of Parliament in demolishing the iron works, and staying the felling of timber, or the sale of what is cut, without direction of Council. [I. 63, pp. 525–528.]
Jan. 16. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order that,—as Thos. Anderson and Nich. Gatonbe, of Hull, have petitioned that their complaint against the Muscovy merchants may be referred to some impartial merchants,—a copy of the petition be sent to the company, to show cause why it may not be granted.
Order that Hugh Powell attend the Commissioners of Navy and Customs, to solicit the dispatch of bills of credit for 10,000l., which must speedily be provided, to be sent with the fleet that goes southward. [I. 123, p. 221.]
Jan. 16. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. Tell us of what is done touching the mast of the John, and when she will be ready to sail for Stokes Bay. Cols. Popham and Blake write that the ships at Portsmouth designed southward are in good forwardness to sail, and wish you to hasten down the rest of those ships in the river. [I. 123, p. 222.]
Jan. 16. Proceedings at the Committee for the Mint.
Serjeant Dendy to appoint a messenger to constantly attend this committee, and convey and perform its orders. [Vol. III. No. 113, infra.]
Jan. 17. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To report to the House that, upon a survey of the several castles and forts in the Isle of Wight, returned to Council, they conceive it very necessary, for the security of that island, that the places mentioned as defective should be repaired and fortified; and as there is only 515l. 10s. wanted at present, the House to be moved that 500l. be provided, and that the quit-rents of the crown lands in the island may, as formerly, be received for repairing the fortifications of the castle.
2. Col. Blount and Capt. Skinner to confer with the Council tomorrow, concerning the magazine in Kent.
3. Bourchier, Neal, South, Dormer, and Tyrer, prisoners in the Gatehouse brought up from Southampton, to be bailed, on security to appear at the next general sessions for Middlesex, and Capt. Falconbridge and Mr. Morely to bail them.
4. The Revenue Committee and Sir Hen. Mildmay to see that the 200l. formerly ordered by the House to be paid to Anthony Ascham, for attendance upon the Duke of York, be speedily paid. [I. 63, pp. 530, 531.]
Jan. 17. Additional instructions for the Generals of the fleet, for this southern expedition.
By your former instructions, it is set forth that—as several ships of the Navy have departed from their duty, and still persist in their revolt, being lately got to sea on a design to disturb trade and to prejudice peace, and as several other vessels adhere to them, and many more are frequently at sea, endeavouring, under pretence of commissions from the commander of the revolted fleet, or from the rebels of Ireland, to infest merchants and others, in their passing to and from the ports of this commonwealth,—you were to improve your best endeavours to scatter and destroy them. Now this present fleet is set forth for the intents following; viz.: the suppressing of pirates, advantage of trade, encouraging of merchants and securing their shipping at sea; and also to pursue, seize, scatter, fight with, or destroy, all the ships of the revolted fleet, and other vessels adhering to them, or taking commissions or authority from their commander-in-chief, or any pretending power under him, or from any of the rebels in Ireland, or from Charles Stuart, eldest son to the late King, or any other of the said King's issue, or from the late Queen, or Prince Rupert, or Prince Maurice, or from any other persons whatsoever, in enmity or opposition against the Parliament or Commonwealth of England.
If any foreign commander, set forth by any foreign Prince or State, should, with any foreign State or Prince's ships, join in a body with the said revolted ships, which we hope they will not, if you find yourself with this fleet strong enough, you are not to spare the revolters, but fight with them, and prosecute their destruction. In case the foreign ships assist the revolters, or fight against you, you shall fight against them, and destroy or surprise them, as God shall enable you; but so that, after the fight ends, in case you happen upon any foreigners, there be not made any slaughter of them in cold blood, but they be kept and used civilly, as prisoners of war, and sent over to England, to remain in prison till they shall be otherwise disposed of.
In case you find occasion, by reason of any unexpected assistance given to the said revolters, or of any power of ships set forth by any, for surprising of our merchant ships, or prejudicing of this commonwealth, you are hereby enabled, as the Lord Admirals of England in such cases formerly were, to call to your assistance, and embargo, arrest, and use any English merchant ships to join with you, to fight or make defence, for the safeguard and benefit of this commonwealth. And they are hereby enjoined to yield obedience, under pain of being severely punished.
Furthermore, if the said revolted fleet, or any of them should happen to be sold by their commander-in-chief, captains or others, to any foreign Prince or State, or any of their ministers, or subjects, or stayed there under any pretence, you are not to forbear to seize, burn, destroy, or surprise them, wheresoever you can do it, but to proceed effectually therein, and signify to them that those ships are part of the Navy of England, and the Parliament's own ships, treacherously carried away by perfidious revolters, who have no property in them, nor power to sell them; and that your commission from Parliament enjoins you to demand them, wherever they be, and to seize upon them, and send them home.
Whereas by Act of 17 August 1649, it is declared that Parliament intends to uphold and renew leagues and amities between this commonwealth and foreign nations, and yet there has not hitherto been published the like declaration, by such foreign kingdoms and states, you are so to govern yourself and this fleet towards foreign Princes and nations, in former league with England, as not to molest them, or their subjects by acts of hostility, unless in cases where the ships are, or where subjects of foreign Princes join with the revolters, or first do acts of hostility against your fleet, or some other ships of this nation. In which case (it being permitted by the law of nature and nations to make defence, or to seize by the way of justice for reparation of acts of force without rupture of league) you are to rescue and defend English ships so assailed, seize the assailants, and other ships of that nation that first unduly makes such assaults, and send them into some safe port in England, to be detained and proceeded against, in reparation for damages sustained by the English through such.
And whereas the dominion of these seas has time out of mind undoubtedly belonged to this nation, and the ships of all other nations, in acknowledgement to that dominion, have used to take down their flags, upon sight of the Admiral of England, and not to bear it in his presence, you are, as much as in you lies, to endeavour to preserve the dominion of the sea, and to cause the ships of all other nations to strike their flags, and not to bear them up in your presence, and to compel such as are refractory therein, by seizing their ships, and sending them in to be punished, according to the laws of the sea, unless they yield obedience, and make such repair as you approve. But notwithstanding the said dominion of the sea be so ancient and indubitable, we would not have you, in this expedition, engage the fleet in any peril or hazard for that particular; so that if you should be opposed therein by a considerable force, then forbear the pressing thereof, and take notice who they were that did it not, that at some better opportunity, they may be brought hereafter thereunto.
And whereas there is put on board the Constant Warwick 3,000l. in Spanish money, and 1,000l. in English money, to be employed for the fleet by your order, as also letters of credit given you for taking up 10,000l. in Italy, Spain, and other places, for victuals and incidents which cannot be foreseen;—
And whereas there is also put on board the several ships, viz., the Tiger, John, Constant Warwick, Tenth Whelp, and Cignet, petty provisions for boatswain and carpenters' stores, over and above the ordinary allowance, as a magazine in case of necessity;—you are to take special care that the same be not spent unnecessarily, but kept as a reserve for any exigent; yet so that when you find it requisite, you, by consent of a council of war, may expend the said treasure of stores for the use of the State; and your warrants shall be a sufficient discharge to the persons intrusted therewith.
Lastly, as all particulars cannot be foreseen, nor positive instructions for emergencies given beforehand, but many things must be left to your prudent management as occurrences arise, you are to use your best circumspection, and advising with your council of war, to dispose the fleet to the best advantage, making it your special care that the commonwealth receive no detriment.
That you may be enabled to apply yourself to any foreign Prince or State, or any of their ministers, for the use of their ports, or buying of provisions or supply, there are special letters of credit delivered you, to make use of as you may have occasion. [I. 63, pp. 531–536. These instructions are printed in Thurloe, Vol. I., pp. 134–136.]
Jan. 17.
Campden House.
7. Committee for Sequestrations in London to the Committee for taking the accounts of the Commonwealth, Worcester House. Upon your order of 19 December, we think that the giving an account of all warrants issued to our collectors, with the names of the persons sequestered, and what was brought in thereupon, cannot be done without much trouble, and will not render that fruit expected.
We confess that, upon the decease of our under treasurer, in 1643, some distraction happening in our accounts, we were required by the late committee of the House to make up our accounts; and after much debate, knowing no other way to straighten the account, we called several officers before us to answer for warrants issued to them; which accounts so made up, after some months' time and pains spent thereabouts, we presented to the said committee of the House, who commanded us to deliver it to the late committee for accounts; and then the said committee of the House appointed Mr. Williamson and Mr. Fox (since dead) to be our treasurers, all which trouble of accounting in this kind, we hope, by the care of Mr. Williamson, our present treasurer, is prevented; and we doubt not but he will bring in to you a satisfactory account.
As it may be supposed that there are many sums sequestered by us and not brought in, we state that in Jan. 1648–9, we received two warrants from the committee for raising money for payment of the army, enjoining us to bring in to them all informations of concealed estates, that they might draw in the arrears for payment of the debts of the commonwealth. We made search for all sums sequestered which could not be received by us, amounting to 25,000l., and delivered them to the Army committee, most of which sums have since been in question before the committee for Advance of money.
The condition of our treasury is so bare that it will noways contribute to the payment of the public debts, or raising money for the urgent affairs of the State, there being no estates under sequestration by us, save some few rents of delinquents and papists uncompounded for, out of which we are to pay the taxes and assessments to the army, quit rents to landlords, a 5th part to delinquents' wives and children, and the salaries of our officers, besides the rent for the house we sit in, and taxes, duties, and quit-rents incident thereto, which we are required to pay in to the treasury at Goldsmiths' Hall.
There are several orders of Parliament brought to us requiring restitution of great sums of money, although the same have long since been paid into the treasury at Guildhall, and there by us passed in account, the particulars whereof we are ready to produce if demanded. [1½ pages.]
Jan. 18. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The committee appointed to confer with the Army officers to consider of a sufficient guard for the magazine of county Kent, in Leeds Castle, and how it may be best disposed of; the Lord General to attend.
2. Mons. Basieu to be released from imprisonment, if he is imprisoned for no other cause than mentioned in the warrant of Council by which he was committed.
3. The business concerning the Sta. Clara to be considered tomorrow morning. [I. 63, p. 537.]
Jan. 18. Order of the Admiralty Committee, postponing the conference with the Muscovy Company, Thos. Anderson, and Nich. Gatonbe, until Saturday week. [I. 123, p. 225.]
Jan. 18. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. We hope the great obstruction in the setting forth of those ships that are in the river for Stokes Bay is now removed, by the breaking of the frost; hasten them away, and if possible, let them all go together. As the two fireships have not all their boatswains' stores, cause them to be put on board at once, for three or four men-of-war of force have lately come out of Dunkirk, infesting our coast. You are also to examine in whom the abuse in setting up the bad mast in the John lies, and certify their names. We have sent to the generals for officers for the Merchant frigate. [I. 123, p. 226.]
Jan. 18. Admiralty Committee to the Generals of the Fleet. Major Bourne has now come in, and would have been employed in one of the new frigates, had he not then been too far engaged with his owners and merchants. In his way from New England, he met with two Holland men-of-war, with whom he had a very sharp dispute, in which he behaved very gallantly. We therefore desire you to think of one of the new frigates for him, and we will endeavour to take him off from his merchant affairs. He is without exception, and will do the State and yourselves both service and honour. [I. 123, p. 226.]
Jan. 19. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Stephen Sawyer and Thomas Pinkcomb appointed porters at Whitehall.
2. 30l. a year to be allowed to each of them.
3. The committee for private examinations to examine some of the persons now in custody.
4. To write the Committee of Kent that some soldiers are to be sent to Leeds Castle, as a guard of the magazine, for whom they are to provide fire and candle, and to continue the beds in the castle for their use.
5. To write the committee at Goldsmiths' Hall that, in pursuance of the order of Parliament of 11 June 1649, Council gave order to demolish Montgomery Castle, and improve the materials, and to certify what damage Lord Herbert had received thereby, which was certified to be above 4,000l.; that as the House ordered Council to order what they think fit to be allowed to Lord Herbert, out of the second payment of his fine for delinquency, which meantime was respited, Council thinks the committee should allow him the 1,611l. 10s. still unpaid of his fine.
6. 50l. to be imprested to the Ordnance officers by Col. Venn, for gathering in the ordnance from several parts of the nation.
Report of the Irish Committee approved, viz.:—
7. That the whole charge of Ireland, since the Council sat, should be brought to them, whereby they may render an account to the House, which cannot be known before the Army Committee, the treasurers-at-war, the treasurers of deans and chapters lands, the treasurers of excise, and of Goldsmiths' Hall, and Mr. Walley send an account of moneys issued for the service of Ireland, both for the pay of the army upon the assignations before they went over, and since their landing there, and also for other provisions and contingent charges depending thereupon; and that letters ought to be written to such several persons, to send in such accounts. (fn. 1) [I. 63, pp. 537–539.]
Jan. 20.
Charles II. to Lord Montrose. I thank you for the continuance of your affection, of which I have received good account by the bearer. It would be long to write all particulars mentioned by him, and I have therefore appointed the Chancellor of the Exchequer to meet you where you shall appoint, by whom you will understand my mind, but there must be great secresy in the business. [Copy, ¼ page, Vol. II., No. 109, supra.]
Jan. 21. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The business of the Prosperous of London, the Fellowship, and the Eagle of London, as to what is due to them for their voyage to Ireland, referred to the Irish Committee.
2. The instructions for the deputy treasurer of the fleet, concerning the disposing of the 4,000l. ready money which is to go with the fleet southward, approved.
3. The instructions for Mr. Ascham to be considered in the afternoon.
5. 200l. to be advanced to Ant. Ascham, as part of his allowance of 800l. a year.
6. To recommend to the Revenue Committee to pay Mr. Carter, upon account for the repair of Whitehall, 1,500l.
7. The business of sending an agent to Portugal to be considered this afternoon.
8. Also the Muscovy business.
9. A warrant to be issued for payment of 907l. 8s. 6d. for the Northern garrisons, according to a list and certificate of the ordnance officers.
11. To recommend the Revenue Committee to examine the list of the gunners of the Tower, and to discharge such as are useless, and provide for the payment of those retained for six months.
12. To consider next Wednesday how the numerous poor of the nation may be set to work and relieved.
13. To write Col. Whetham to take care that the 1,000l, he has received upon account from Col. Desborow, for repair of the works at Portsmouth, is laid out to the best advantage.
15. The business of the militia of London to be considered next Thursday.
18. The instructions for Mr. Ascham, now read, to be re-committed, and brought in to-morrow.
20. To write the Revenue Committee, to furnish the merchants trading to Russia with money necessary for sending the letter from the Parliament of England to the Emperor of Russia, not to exceed 500l.
21. To report to Parliament to-morrow, that it is very conducible to the honour and safety of the commonwealth that some time be appointed for speedy passing of the Acts for putting delinquents out of town, and for relief of tenants against the oppression of their malignant landlords; Sir Hen. Mildmay to report.
22. Instructions to be drawn and submitted to Council, for an agent to be sent to Portugal. [I. 63, pp. 540–542.]
Jan. 21. Admiralty Committee to the Commissioners of Customs. Your letter speaks of your providing letters of credit to supply 5,000l. at Lisbon, but we expected also letters for 5,000l. to be furnished in Spain, at the election of the general of the fleet, to whom the Council have given directions that, in case he be supplied with the 5,000l. in one place, he shall forbear to take it up in the other. Let us know what may be depended on herein to-morrow, and if possible, send us the letters of credit desired. [I. 123, p. 227.]
Jan. 21. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. We have received letters of credit from the customs' commissioners for 5,000l. for the use of the fleet at Lisbon, but none for Spain or Leghorn; tell us therefore how far you have proceeded in your treaty for 5,000l. for the latter place; the customs' commissioners will give security to the merchants that furnish bills of credit. [I. 123, p. 227.]
Jan. 21. 8. Certificate by Fras. Phelips, auditor, Owen Rowe, and three others, that it appears by the certificate of Col. William Underwood, that 25l. 17s. 6d. is due to Capt. Rich. Rogers, for his service as captain in the trained bands of London, in their expedition to Newbury under Col. Underwood. [1 page. Endorsed: "Public faith bills and debentures;" noted as "registered according to the order of the Committee of the Militia of London."]
Jan. 22. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The keeper of Newgate to certify the cause for which Giles Keightley, gent., is detained in prison, and furnish a copy of the warrant by which he is detained.
2. Next Friday appointed for taking up the business of the Santa Clara; the members of Council that are in town to be present.
3. Mr. Frost to communicate with Mr. Ascham, as to his instructions in his agency in Spain.
4. The commission for the generals of the fleet for next year approved.
6. Sir Gilbert Pickering and Mr. Scott to take care that the House near adjoining to the Parliament House is thoroughly searched.
Report of the Irish Committee approved, viz.:—
7. That John Jackson, treasurer, advance 4,000l. upon the ordinance of the last 50,000l. raised upon the Excise, for payment of canvas, shoes, and stockings ordered for the army in Ireland, at 8l. per cent, until the same is repaid.
8. That Thomas Footer, employed by order of Council to take care of the safe convoying of provisions to Bristol for Ireland, be allowed 51l. 10s. 0d. disbursed above the 50l. imprested to him, and order given to the treasurers-at-war to pay him this, and 10s. a day for the 36 days he was so employed; total, 69l. 10s. 0d., to be charged to the account of the soldiers' clothes, that defalcation may be made out of their pay for the same. [I. 63, pp. 545–547.]
Jan. 22.
Charles II. to Lord Montrose. My public letters having expressed all I have of the public business I spoke to you about, I shall only add that I will never fail in the friendship that I have promised you, and nothing that can happen to me shall make me consent to say anything to your prejudice; therefore I desire you not to heed any reports, but proceed in your business with your usual courage, which I am assured will bring great advantage to my affairs, and much honour to yourself. [Copy, ¼ page, Vol. II., No. 109, supra.]
Jan. 23. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Lord Commissioner Whitelock, Sir Hen. Mildmay, Mr. Bond, Lord Grey, and Mr. Scott to be a committee to consider the business offered by the governor of Windsor Castle, concerning the repair and revenue thereof.
2. 20 trees to be taken out of Windsor forest, for repairing the platforms of the castle, and making a supply of carriages and wheels for the ordnance; the governor to be desired to see that no more trees are cut for that purpose, and that what are cut are not diverted to any other use.
3. The petition of the governor of Windsor, with the draft of an Act presented by him, concerning lands for maintenance of the alms' knights of Windsor, referred to a committee.
4. The governor of Windsor Castle to proceed against the cutters of the leaden pipes belonging to the castle, by committing the chief of them to Reading gaol, for trial at the next assizes.
5. The hangings at Windsor Castle to continue there, until further order.
6. The Lord President, Sir Hen. Mildmay, Mr. Scott, Col. Purefoy, Sir Wm. Armyne, and Sir Wm. Masham to consider what is fit to be done with Dr. Thomas Baily and Geo. Wharton, prisoners in Newgate.
7. The petition of Capt. James Henly referred to the Admiralty Committee.
8. The 205l. due to Mr. Bateman, for wagons delivered into the stores, to be paid out of the same treasury as his other moneys were.
9. The allowance of coals formerly made for the guard at Whitehall to be continued until 1 April.
13. The petition of Thomas Page referred to the Admiralty Committee.
14. The petition of Capt. Wm. Barrell, governor of Mersey Island, referred to the Ordnance committee.
15. Col. Wm. Hawley to be employed to carry a letter to the Emperor of Russia, on behalf of the merchants trading thither, and instructions for him to be drawn up and brought in by Mr. Frost.
16. The business brought in by Lord Commissioner Lisle, upon conference with Sir Oliver Fleming, referred to the Lord President, Sir Hen. Mildmay, Col. Purefoy, and Mr. Scott, who are to confer with the Attorney-General thereon. [I. 63, pp. 547–549.]
Jan. 24. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The hangings in the custody of the wardrobe keeper at Windsor Castle to be reserved for the use of that place; also the banners of the knights of the garter, the pulpit cloth, cushions, Bible, &c., belonging to the collegiate church; also the leaden cistern and other things necessary for the use of the castle; which goods the governor of the castle is not to deliver to the trustees [for the late King's goods], or upon their warrants, until they have satisfied the Council that those things are to be disposed of by them, according to the Act.
2. To write the Revenue committee that much of the leaden pipe bringing water to Windsor Castle has been taken up, for the space of a mile, and carried away, and to suggest whether it ought to be repaired, or what remains taken up, and disposed of for other services.
3. To write to Cols. Popham and Blake to sail as soon as they have received their letters and dispatches, and other necessaries; to inform them of the preparation of frigates by the enemies in Dunkirk, for infesting the seas, and to desire Popham to have an eye to those seas, when Blake is gone southward.
4. The business of sending an agent to Portugal to be considered to-morrow.
5. Capt. Pitson to be left out of the instructions for the militia for Surrey.
6. Also Mr. More and Mr. Jordan.
7. The petition of Simmons Ingram referred to Sir Jas. Harrington and the rest of the Mint committee.
8. To signify to the Lord General that, whatever occasion there may be for drawing forth the army upon service, there are still to be left in the town one regiment of foot and one of horse, for the safety of Parliament.
9. Sir Wm. Constable to signify to the Lord General to continue the soldiers now in Durham House, as there are many disaffected persons about the town, who may be encouraged by their removal to disturb the peace.
10. The allowance of coals and candles continued to the soldiers is to be satisfied by Mr. Frost, upon certificate of the Commanderin-Chief.
11. To recommend to the Revenue committee and Sir Hen. Mildmay that 20s. a quarter be allowed to each of the State's watermen, from 25 Dec. 1649.
13. Agreement between Daniel Judd and the ordnance officers, for delivery of 2,600 barrels of powder, 1,600 at 4l., and 1,000 at 4l. 10s. a barrel, 1,000l. to be paid in ready money. [I. 63, pp. 556– 560.]
Jan. 24. Order of the Admiralty Committee that Rich. Perkins attend on Saturday next, to give evidence in the difference between Anderson and Gatonbe, and the Muscovy Company. [I. 123, p. 229.]
Jan. 24. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. The instructions, &c. from the Council, for dispatch of the fleet southward, having to be speedily sent away, they ask whether all things within your charge are expedited, and in what state the Merchant frigate now is, the officers for her being settled by the admirals. We hear from Dunkirk, &c., that six or seven Irish frigates are coming thence to infest those seas, in the absence of the southern fleet, and this cannot be better prevented than by hastening out the ships of the summer guard. As you say you have no hope of having merchant ships, unless the masters go as captains, and as the Council does not hold that fit, you are to consider of the most effectual means for fitting out merchant ships, notwithstanding this obstruction. [I. 123, p. 229.]
Jan. 25. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Thomas Swan and Rich. Perkins, of Kingstonupon-Hull, merchants, referred to Dr. Walker.
2. To write the commander of the squadron in the Downs to send a ship to Holland, to bring over Mr. Strickland.
3. A two months' letter of credit to be given to Mr. Ascham, for receiving 200l. in Madrid or elsewhere.
4. Sir Oliver Fleming to go with Mr. Ascham to the Spanish ambassador, and inform him that Ascham has been appointed agent there.
6. The general of the fleet to be ordered to land Mr. Ascham, in such port of Spain as shall be most convenient for his journey to Madrid.
7. The letters to the foreign Princes, containing Mr. Ascham's dispatch, to be sealed with the lesser seal of the Council of State.
8. The commission for Mr. Ascham to go as agent to Spain to be sealed with the bigger seal of the Council of State.
9. To write the agents of this State abroad to take notice of Mr. Ascham being sent agent to Spain, and to hold intelligence with him.
10. Private instruction to be prepared for Mr. Ascham that, in case of delay or refusal of reception, he is to give notice thereof to Council, and stay in expectation of their order therein, unless some unexpected affront be offered, wherein the honour of this nation is very deeply concerned, in which case, and in case of absolute refusal, he is to come away forthwith.
11. The letter of the governor of Tituan referred to the Admiralty Committee.
12. Mr. Milton to have the above letter translated.
13. The business of the agent for Portugal to be taken tomorrow.
14. To report to Parliament that, in pursuance of their order, Council has considered the business of the ship Sta. Clara, and find that a civil action was instituted in the Court of Admiralty against her goods, by Col. Randall Manwaring and partners, as belonging to certain Spaniards, by whom a ship and goods of theirs was depredated at sea, and sentence was given for the Spaniards, from which Col. Manwaring and his partners appealed to the judges delegate, where the appeal remains undetermined. Until it is determined, Council cannot give any opinion, and therefore the House is desired to order the judges delegate to proceed to its termination with all expedition. The Council however find that, whichever way the sentence upon the appeal shall pass, Parliament are obliged, by their own orders, to pay the money to whom it shall appear to be due, and therefore Parliament is to be moved to consider speedily how the money may be provided. [I. 63, pp. 561–563.]
Jan. 25. Admiralty Committee to the Generals of the Fleet. We hear that there are seven Irish frigates of war to come forth to infest those seas, intending to divide themselves northward and westward, which will be a very great annoyance to merchants, if speedy course is not taken to prevent them. By the enclosed from Yarmouth, you will understand the dangers they apprehend, now Capt. Peacock with the Tiger is removed thence, and designed for the southward, which is matter of rejoicing to the enemy. We desire that you take care for the well guarding of the north coast, and the prevention of future mischief by these pirates, and appoint some active man to be commander-in-chief of the north coast, who will be able to serve the necessities of those parts, complaints being made against the present commander. We send the desires of the Dover merchants for a convoy to Calais. [I. 123, p. 230.]
Jan. 25.
Castle Elizabeth, Jersey.
9. Commission from Charles II. to George, Duke of Buckingham, K. G., to levy forces in Germany, France, Lorraine, Flanders, Holland, or any other foreign part, to form them into regiments of horse and foot, arm, discipline, and command them as general, and nominate the officers; with power to hold courts-martial, settle quarters, and provide maintenance, &c. [Parchment, signed.]
Jan. 25. 10. Draft of the above. [2 pages.]
Jan. 25. 11. Commission from Charles II. for the said duke to be his agent in foreign countries, in collecting troops, arms, and money, for his service, with pledge to fulfil all the promises made by the duke on his behalf. [Latin, 3 pages.]
Jan. 26. Order in Parliament that the bill touching trade be brought in, and the report touching the East India Company be made the first business on Thursday next.
Jan. 26. Order in Parliament that Mr. Strickland's letter from the Hague of the 17th inst. be referred to the Council of State. [I. 87, pp. 113, 114.]
Jan. 26. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. Mr. Bond and Col. Stapley added to the Committee appointed to speak with Mr. Attorney.
2. The Admiralty Committee to write the genera lsat sea that, if they draw bills upon the Council from Spain for 5,000l., they shall be paid.
3. Dr. Walker to reconsider the report about Capt. Isaac Phillipps' business.
4. A messenger to be sent to Gravesend, to hasten away the ships that are to go southward, take notice what officers are absent, and give notice how they proceed.
5. The desires of Col. Thom. Eyre, concerning the supply of necessaries for Hurst Castle, referred to the Ordnance Committee.
7. To report to the House that Council have appointed agents for Spain and Portugal, for whom commissions are preparing; that former commissions passed under the Great Seal; that the style of all instruments passing that seal is to be, by Act of Parliament, "Custodes libertatis Anglicœ, authoritate Parliamenti," but as no style is appointed for foreign states, Council has adopted that of "Reipublicœ Angliœ ordines," which they submit to Parliament, and if approved, request an order for affixing the Great Seal to commissions for ambassadors, residents, or agents. [I. 63, pp. 563–565.]
Jan. 26. Admiralty Committee to the Generals of the Fleet. You will receive by this, from the Council of State, the instructions and commis sion to all three generals for the next year's service, bills of credit, copies of the treaty with Spain and Portugal, and letters from Parliament to the several Kings, Princes, and States that you may have occasion to correspond with. Mr. Ascham is appointed for Spain as agent, and is to go along with you; he carries with him an interpreter, who may perhaps serve for an envoy to the Court of Spain, to carry the Parliament's letters to be sent by Col. Blake, to advertise the King of Spain of the fleet coming upon that coast. There is an intention of sending an agent into Portugal, to be ready if possible to go along with the fleet. We purpose to have them at Portsmouth this day week; if you wish them sooner, advertise us.
All the ships are at Gravesend, except the Merchant frigate, which will not be ready until next month; tell us how you would have her disposed of. The Council have sent to hasten away the ships at Gravesend to you, and you will receive 4,000l., which you are to take with you. We hear of the resolution of the States General to have 20 great and small vessels off the coast of Portugal, to avenge themselves of that King concerning the Brazil business.
We cannot procure any bills of credit for Spain, and so all you will have at present will be 5,000l. for Lisbon; the Council have forborne for the present what we intended furnishing you with for Leghorn, conceiving it will be time enough with the reserve of ships in the spring, unless you consider differently, in which case they will give order for it, and send it after you. Wherever you shall need the 5,000l., if you can take it up, the Council will cause punctual payment to be made of the bills of exchange; if there be anything wanting hence for the dispatch of the fleet, let us hear; we hope the first fair wind will loosen you from the rendezvous where you now are. [I. 123, pp. 231, 232.]
Jan. 28. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write to thank Col. Heane for apprehending Mr. May, and to desire him to send him up in safe custody to Council, to answer the charge made against him.
2. Sir Wm. Armyne, Sir Hen. Vane, Mr. Bond, and Mr. Scott to acquaint the Lord General with the letters received from Weymouth, and also from Scotland, containing a report that his lordship refuses to take the engagement, by which the malignants much encourage themselves, and animate others to desist from taking it; also to desire him, for suppression of such false reports, and preventing inconvenience thereby, to cause his subscription to the engagement to be published.
3. Order that the subscription which Alderman Pennington and Sheriff Wilson were to take, of some merchant companies in London, be taken by them, and brought to Council.
4. Mr. Bond to write to ask Capt. [Theoph.] Byat, now prisoner at Scilly, what prisoner here they desire in exchange for him.
5. The account of the embroiderer for barge cloths referred to Mr. Frost.
6. To write Mr. Walley to send 5,000l. over to Dublin by Mr. Pacie, and another 5,000l. to Carlingford.
7. The Army treasurers to hasten over to Dublin the 10,000l. which they have ready to go thither.
8. The petition of Thomas Swan and Richard Perkins, of Kingston-upon-Hull, merchants, referred to the judge delegates.
9. The Irish Committee to consider how the proportion of arms wanting in Ireland may be supplied.
10. The Ordnance Committee to consider how 500 barrels of powder may be provided for Ireland.
11. The Irish Committee to prevent the taking of free quarter by any of the forces going to Ireland.
12. Commissions to be granted to Wm. Burton, Aug. Thrower, and Isaac Preston of Yarmouth, county Norfolk, to command three companies of foot in that place, of which Burton is to be major, according to a letter from Yarmouth of 24 Jan.
13. The Lord President, Sir Hen. Mildmay, and Mr. Scott to be a committee to examine what is objected against Mr. Gifford.
14. Mr. Heveningham and Mr. Bond to amend the direction of the instruction for the militia for Poole.
15. Order to be sent to Wm. Atwood, treasurer to the Merchant Adventurers' Company at Hamburg, Hen. Taylor officiating as secretary, or in case of a failure of either of them, to Robert Palmer, Joseph Penington, Henry Crisp, Fras. Townley, and David Hechsteter, to take subscriptions to the engagement.
17. The Act prepared for easing of oppressed tenants to be reported to the House by Lord Grey. [I. 63, pp. 565–567.]
Jan. 29. Order in Parliament that the letters from the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, of Jan. 1, 5, and 16, with the book entitled "Certain Acts and Declarations made by the Ecclesiastical Congregations of the Archbishops, Bishops, and other Prelates, who met at Clonmacknoise, the 4th Dec. 1649," be referred to the Council of State, to consider thereof, and as to what ships are fit to be sent thither, for the better carrying on of the service.
Also that they consider the proposition concerning the supply of victuals, stores, tackle, &c., for ships that are to be made there, and what ships are fit to be furnished there, and how the same may best be done, and report. [I. 87, pp. 114, 115.]
Jan. 29. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To inform the clothworkers of London, through Alderman Pennington, in answer to their petition, that Council has no cognizance of the matter.
2. The business of the militia of London to be considered next Thursday.
3. The letters referred from the House to Council referred to the Admiralty Committee, who are to confer with the Navy Committee.
5. Theophilus Byat, prisoner in Scilly, with his two mates, to be exchanged for Nicholas Mariner, prisoner in North Yarmouth.
7. The Lord President, Sir Hen. Mildmay, and Mr. Scott to be a committee to examine Capt. Jones.
8. The execution of the warrant against Capt. Jones respited, until the committee has examined him.
9. The Attorney-General, and Mr. Hall, attorney of the duchy, to consider the petition of Banaster Maynard.
11. To recommend to Sheriff Wilson to pay Anthony Ascham, at Madrid, 200l. to be repaid him by Mr. Frost.
12. Charles Vane to be employed as agent to Portugal, and Rich. Bradshaw as agent to Hamburg; Viscount Lisle to acquaint Vane with the vote of the Council, and to desire his resolution therein. Mr. Frost also to confer with Bradshaw as to his going, and return his answer.
13. Mr. Frost to go with Mr. Ascham to the Spanish ambassador, and acquaint him that Ascham is to go as agent to the King of Spain.
14. The Irish Committee to consider how the provisions for horse, desired by the letter of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, may be furnished.
15. Mr. Milton to prepare a letter to the Governor of Tituan, in answer to his.
16. Rich. Nutt, master of the barges, and Washburne, his deputy, recommended to the Revenue Committee for pay.
17. 6l. to be paid to the soldiers who apprehended Peter Gifford. [I. 63, pp. 568–570.]
Jan. 29. 12. Certificate by auditors Geo. Bingley and Barth. Beale, in pursuance of an order of the Mint Committee, of the quantity of angel and crown gold, and silver moneys coined in the Mint, from 1610 to 1615, and from 1639 to 1647, viz., angel gold yearly from 4 lbs. to 69 lbs.; crown gold from 1,032 lbs. to 7,900 lbs.; silver from 2,062 lbs. to 305, 464 lbs. [1 page, damaged.]
Jan. 30. Order in Parliament—upon the report of the Council of State, touching the style to be used in foreign transactions—that in all transactions and negotiations with foreign Princes and States, the style or title that shall be used shall be "Parliamentum Reipublicce Angliœ."
That the Lords Commissioners for the Great Seal of England be authorised to pass under the great seal several commissions in common form, (mutatis mutandis) to the two agents appointed by the Council of State to be employed to Spain and Portugal.
That the style and title wherein any address shall be made to the Parliament from foreign Princes and States shall be the Parliament of the Commonwealth of England, and no other style or title.
That the Council of State take care for the speedy dispatch of the fleet to sea, and of the several agents now appointed to be sent to foreign parts. [I. 87, p. 115.]
Jan. 30. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. The petition of Col. Adrian Scroop, governor of Bristol, referred to the committee which confers with the ordnance officers.
2. The papers from Scarborough, Bridlington, and Whitby, given in by the gentlemen of Yorkshire that serve in Parliament, concerning the guard of that coast, referred to the Admiralty Committee.
3a. 600l. a year to be paid to Charles Vane as salary, and if the consulage paid by the merchants in Spain do not make it up 800l., it is to be made up by the State.
5. To write the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland as to the state of that shipping, and how disposed of.
6. To write the Navy Committee that the Mary has been added to the winter guard, and that three months' victuals are to be provided for her at Chester.
8. The Navy Commissioners to make speed in fitting out the Swiftsure and the new frigates, for the summer guard.
9. The Attorney-General to confer with the Lord President, about the commissions for the agents that are to be sent to Spain and Portugal.
10. All credentials to foreign Princes to go from the Council of State, as also all instructions for the agents to be employed abroad, and to be sealed with the Council's seal.
11. The agent for Hamburg to have the same allowance, both for preparation for journey and yearly salary, as the agents to Spain or Portugal.
12. Mr. Strickland to have the same salary for his residency in Holland.
13. Mr. Frost to draw up instructions for Richard Bradshaw, going agent to Hamburg.
14. To report to the House that Council have appointed Anthony Ascham agent to Spain, and Charles Vane to Portugal; also Rich. Bradshaw to Hamburg, and to request their order for a commission under the Great Seal.
15. Mr. Scott to detain in his hands the jewel which was intercepted, until further order.
16. The letter from the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, of 10 Jan., to be reported to the House by Mr. Scott.
17. The latter clause of such letter, concerning the raising of seven companies for Col. Reeves, referred to the Irish Committee. [I. 63, pp. 571–573.]
Jan. 30. Admiralty Committee. Day's Proceedings.
Order that the Navy Commissioners send in a list of all unserviceable ships, so that they may be sold, and the proceeds applied towards building new ones.
Order, upon the petition of Michael Polin, alleging that he is owner of three acres of land which Sir John Meldram had for 35s. a year of his father, 15 years since, to build the lighthouse upon, but that neither his father nor himself received more than one half year's rent, and praying for his arrears,—that he be referred to his remedy at law.
Order that it be reported to the Council of State that the Mary frigate,—a prize taken upon the coast of Ireland, and now in Chester Water, bound for the north of Ireland,—ought to be added to the winter guard, and supplied with three months' victuals. [I. 123, p. 233.]
Jan. 30. Admiralty Committee to the Navy Commissioners. In pursuance of an order of the Council of State, we desire you to consider the enclosed extracts of letters from the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and certify your opinion thereon. [I. 123, p. 234.]
Jan. 31. Order in Parliament that the letters of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from Cork, of 2 and 10 Jan., be referred to the Council of State. [I. 87, p. 116.]
Jan. 31. Council of State. Day's Proceedings.
1. To write Col. Blake that the Council approves the exchange of the Merchant frigate for the Elizabeth, which he is to leave behind, for bringing of the agents who are to go to Spain and Portugal, in case they come not before the going of the fleet; and if he conceives another ship of that squadron may be safely left behind, to come with the Elizabeth, he is to appoint one, and order accommodation for the agents. If the occasions of the fleet necessitate him to draw any bills, they will be accepted and paid, provided he does not exceed 5,000l.
2. Mr. Bushell to furnish Charles Vane with such sums of money in Portugal as are allowed him for his salary as agent there, which Council will repay to Bushell.
3. John Musgrave to attend to-morrow, to give in his exceptions against the persons given in by Sir Arthur Hesilrigge, to be commissioners for the northern counties.
4. The business of Tutbury Race to be considered next Saturday, and the trustees for sale of the late King's lands to attend.
5. To report to the House that Council has prepared the form of a commission for the three agents to be sent into foreign parts, and is preparing credentials; if approved, order is requested for the Speaker to sign them, in the name of the Parliament of England; and as there is no other seal ready to seal them, that they may be sealed with the seal of the Council of State.
6. Commissions to be granted to Sir Thomas Honeywood to be colonel to a regiment of foot for the East Division of Essex, to John Langley to be lieut.-col., and to Saml. Gooday to be major; Col. Joachim Mathews, Lieut.-Col. John Guy, and Major Robert Beard, to command a regiment of foot for the West Division; Col. Thomas Cooke, of Pedmarsh, Lieut.-Col. Jno. Maidstone, and Major Wm. Jermyn, to command a regiment of foot in the Middle Division. (fn. 2)
7. To signify to Mr. Strickland, who is upon the place, that it is left to him to make use of the instructions last sent him, the Council thinking it necessary that some person should be upon the place, to observe what may be doing at the Hague, in case there shall be a meeting there as he mentions.
8. A letter to be written to the Province of West Friezland, to the same effect as that sent to Zealand, and Mr. Strickland to make such use of it as he sees occasion.
9. Sir Oliver Fleming to attend to-morrow, concerning the coming over of the commissioner from Holland, and what is to be done for his entertainment.
10. Order in the Irish Committee that, believing it requisite, upon delivery of this year's charge of Ireland to the House, to inform them of the state of the several treasuries of the ordinances for weekly assessments for Ireland, dated Oct. 1644, and Aug. and Mar. 1645, and of the ordinance for 20,000l. a month for Ireland, dated Feb. 1647–8, and of the ordinance for 50,000l. to be raised for Ireland upon delinquents' estates, they think that letters should be written to Aldermen Andrewes, Kenrick, and Avery, and other treasurers for weekly assessments; to Alderman Andrewes and Maurice Thompson, treasurers for the ordnance of 20,000l. a month, and to the commissioners at the Star Chamber and Sir Adam Loftus, treasurer for the 50,000l. upon delinquents' estates, to send to Council with all expedition an account of the sums that are to be levied upon such ordinances, and also the rents of the said delinquents' estates, grown due since the said ordinances; also what moneys have been charged to be paid upon the said ordinances, and how much is satisfied; how much remains uncollected in the several counties, and what rents are due, and not satisfied by the respective tenants; that further use may be made of such returns, as the Council shall think fit.
11. That letters be written to the storekeepers of Windsor, Wallingford, Hull, Portsmouth, Exeter, Northampton, and Stafford, to return an account of arms, ammunition, great guns, and mortars of all sorts, delivered by them for the service of Ireland, since 1 Mar. 1648–9. [I. 63, pp. 575–577.]
Jan. 31. Rob. Coytmor to the Navy Commissioners. Capt. Farmer, commander of the Paradox frigate, has come into the river, as convoy to several vessels from Shoreham, in Sussex. She has but eight days' fish on board, and as she is one of the winter guard, you must supply her speedily, though you put less in her, as she is much needed at sea. [I. 123, p. 234.]


  • 1. The volume I. 118, noticed on p. 516 infra, seems to have been compiled in prosecution of this order. Ed.
  • 2. These names differ slightly from those appointed 19 Feb. 1649–50. See I. 119 p. 24.—Ed.