Elizabeth: January 1573

Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1876.

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'Elizabeth: January 1573', in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574, ed. Allan James Crosby( London, 1876), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/foreign/vol10/pp225-243 [accessed 19 July 2024].

'Elizabeth: January 1573', in Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Edited by Allan James Crosby( London, 1876), British History Online, accessed July 19, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/foreign/vol10/pp225-243.

"Elizabeth: January 1573". Calendar of State Papers Foreign: Elizabeth, Volume 10, 1572-1574. Ed. Allan James Crosby(London, 1876), , British History Online. Web. 19 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/cal-state-papers/foreign/vol10/pp225-243.


January 1573

Jan. 697. Advices from Italy.
1. Rome, 27 December 1572.—Entry of the French Ambassador, and speech of M. Moretto in commendation of the action taken against the traitorous rebels against the whole of Christendom. Arrival of despatches from France from the Legate to his Holiness declaring that there was small hope of the King joining the league; also from the King to his ambassador directing him to desire the Pope to recall the Legate in order to avoid suspicion, and to remove any pretext from his enemies for making some disturbance. Arrivals and departures from the Papal court.
2. Venice, 3 January 1573.—Great storm of wind. Count Hercole Martinengo, who was made prisoner at Famagosta and became a Turk has turned Christian again. Count Antonio Martinengo has put to death one of his natural children, and his wife's mother has died suddenly. Money borrowed by the French King. The Chamberlain of the Cardinal D'Este computes that in the late disturbance in France there perished more than 70,000 persons.
3. Rome, 3 Jan. 1573.—Preparations for war ordered by the King of Spain. News from Spain, France, and from the lesser Italian States.
4. Venice, 10 Jan. 1573.—Movements of the galleys. The plague very bad in Turkey, and great preparations for war at Constantinople.
Endd. Ital. Pp. 8½.
Jan. 1. 698. The Duke of Alençon to Lord Burghley.
Thanks him for the good offices which he has performed for him, and desires that he will continue in the same course, assuring him that he will not find him ungrateful.—Paris, 1 January. Signed: Francoys.
Add. Endd. Fr. P. ½.
Jan. 1. 699. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
The abstinence is broken, for all that could be done any manner of ways to the contrary. Whilst there was hope of peace or reasonable abstinence he never made motion of the money or the message to the Regent, who now is in as perfect health of body as ever he was, and like to do well if he have good support in time; but if he be left desperate thereof, it will make him run another course, for he will renounce the "regiment" if the Queen will not assist him. Means to stay 1,000 till the Parliament, but no penny is yet paid or sent for. The payment in gold is most unprofitable to them and to Her Majesty. Has carried himself indifferently so far as it may stand with the service of his sovereign. If he be not greatly deceived the abstinence is well broken, though not through his default.—Leith, 1 January. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 1. 700. Recommencement of Hostilities in Scotland.
" A breif declaration how materis hes procedit during the lait abstinence, and how in the defalt of the rebellis withhalders of the Castell of Edinburgh the weir is renewit. At Edinburgh the first day of Januar 1572."
When an abstinence for two months was made on the penult day of July last, it was agreed that certain from each side should meet, and open up means for the more facile attaining of a good peace, but this was on the part of the adversaries neglected and overpast. Notwithstanding, so good and earnest goodwill was in the Regent and nobles professing the King's obedience towards a pacification, that through the earnest travail of the English Ambassador, a prorogation of the former abstinence was granted for two other months to endure till the 6th December; but the second two months passed without any intention to peace appearing in them of the Castle, when it was agreed that certain noblemen of either party should meet, as in the former abstinence, and that all coining should utterly cease in the Castle; the last head was utterly contravened, and those noblemen who did come to St. Johnstone's (Perth) on the appointed day did not have sufficient commission or instruction to deal in the matters that were to be intreated. But upon the motion of the Queen of England's ambassador, the Regent was content as before that the abstinence should be prorogued to the first of January instant, upon some hope that they of the Castle might come to some reasonable and tolerable conditions, but that time overpassed with demonstration of good will or intention of peace. The Regent was not "difficil" or contrarious that there should be a further prorogation if the Queen's ambassador should know from them of the Castle for whom they deal and upon what warrant, that they should nominate certain persons for treating upon the matters in controversy, and in the case of their discord, that the differences might be submitted to the decision of some indifferent person; that the printing irons might be put in the ambassador's hands, and the coiners removed forth of the Castle, and that the prisoners be set at liberty, especially the Masters of Forbes, and that they of the Castle might content themselves with such daily provision as might conveniently sustain them, and forbear to take in any great quantity, as might confirm the suspicion conceived of their intention to continue the war, and provide the Castle for a year or two. The Castilians answered that they would not be controlled on the last point, and, except the same were first past without condition, they would make no answer upon the other heads, and that the "odd" person of whom they could like would be the King of France, who can in no reason be thought meet to be judge in respect of his far distance and mis-knowledge of the Scottish controversies, and the person who should be judge in the cause should avow the true religion. Thus they have declared their obstinate presumption above the bounds of reason and measure, as unwilling of good and tolerable peace, but rather desirous that the realm shall continue in civil war, which by their occasion only is renewed, and to continue the war by themselves and the strangers that they have procured, although they be destitute of other faction or fellowship in Scotland.
Broadside. Black Letter. "Imprintit at Edinburgh be me Thomas Bassandyne, duelling at the Nether Bow. M.D.LXXII. Cum Privilegio Regis." Endd and noted by Burghley.
Jan. 6. 701. The Regent of Scotland to H. Killegrew.
The Castle has been busy in their shooting, but the harm received is very little. All things are put in reasonable good order in the town. A soldier that came quietly forth from the Castle was apprehended on his returning. Has caused those to whom he was directed to be apprehended and placed in the steeple, against which the cannon shot is chiefly directed. The man shall be executed. Has entered into terms with Sir James Balfour, but the matter stands upon some points that he is loth to condescend unto of himself. The morn the session shall begin again, which shall not desist or be left off for the war, for the people take well with it.— Edinburgh, 6 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. P. 2/3.
Jan. 7. 702. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Has received his letters touching Henderson the Scotchman, wherein he failed not to do as the party is well pleased and satisfied. Will let the Regent understand his ready goodwill to gratify him as much as in him rests, yet his doing that way has been much better than has been thankfully received. Has had at gage certain jewels part of which are already redeemed, but whether there remain any or none to be redeemed of which the Queen is desirous he knows not. Requests his advice as to what is best and fittest to be done herein.— Berwick, 7 January 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Jan. 7. 703. Sir W. Drury and Sir Valentine Browne to Lord Burghley.
Have thought good to send the master of the ordnance to desire a supply of 20 lasts of corn powder. Eleven lasts of powder of both sorts have been carried away by consent, as appears under Bryan Hogg's hand.—Berwick, 7 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 7. 704. H. Killegrew to Sir Thomas Smith.
The Earl of Athol came to him at St. Johnston's on the 20th, when he showed him the Queen's intention towards the preservation of the young King and his authority, and made recital of his doings when he treated between the parties, and said that he saw no hope of peace unless they would refer their cause to an indifferent arbitrator. He [Athol] was of opinion that a new abstinence for a longer time should be taken, wherein he and others might confer together, or if he himself should be thought fit, he would gladly bestow his labours as a mediator. This he said as instructed by the Castilians, whereby time might be driven off till aid of men or money came from France, which they look for daily. The next day he met the Regent at sermon, and told him of his journey, who desired him to sound the Castilians, telling him that he would grant longer abstinence if they would nominate three of their best to confer for pacification, agree to a mutual delivery of prisoners, put out the coiners from the Castle, and take in no more victual. Their answer was but to drive time till aid should come from France. He then told the Regent of the great misliking the Queen had that no accord followed so long treaty, whereat he was amazed, and said that if he were in danger to be left in the mire, he would surely quit the "regiment." On the last of December he repaired to the council, who told him that while peace was to be desired, yet longer abstinence without hope of peace to follow would be most prejudicial, alleging the five months' abstinence to have passed without any good. The Regent told him he might send word to the Castilians to look for war, which he did, and withal that he would withdraw himself to Leith for a day or two, preparing towards Berwick, to which answer was returned that he might depart when he would, for it would be long enough ere they sent for him. The Earl of Montrose spoke with them of the Castle, but could do no good. At 10 o'clock in the morning of the 1st the war began by shot of harquebuss, but did no harm. The next morning the Castle shot eight cannon at the steeple, but did harm to no one in the church, but some that missed broke down a chimney or two and killed a poor man and hurt two. The abstinence has been prejudicial to the King's and beneficial to the Queen of Scots' faction.—Berwick, 7 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 6½.
Jan. 7. 705. Passport for M. Verac.
Passport for M. Vcrac, who is going into Scotland on the French King's service.—Paris, 7 Jan. 1573.
Copy. Endd. by Burghley. Fr. P. 1.
Jan. 9. 706. The Regent of Scotland to Sir W. Drury.
Heartily thanks him for the goodwill continued by him to the forthsetting of the authority of the King. Now that the war is renewed he hopes to have his accustomed friendship in all things that may further the work. Prays him to send some of his old experimented captains with a miner to consider the work, that by their advice things may the better proceed.—Edinburgh, 9 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add., with armorial seal. Endd. P. ⅓.
Jan. 9. 707. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
Met Sir James Balfour on his road from St. Johnstone's, and moved him to come to persuade them of the Castle to conformity, which he did, but seeing their obstinacy left them. At his suit the Regent promised grace to Sir James; he was glad to win such a man from the Castilians. If the Queen will do anything wherein the Regent may be emboldened, it may draw the Duke and Huntley to an accord; contrariwise it may breed or continue the lingering civil war. Has told Huntley if there were any difficulty wherein he might employ his sovereign's favour it would not be denied to him. If by any good letter or deed herein the French purpose might be prevented, he trusts Burghley will allow thereof.— Berwick, 9 Jan. Signed.
Add., with seal. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 11. 708. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
George Pringle affirms that there is a great and inward misliking between the Earl of Westmoreland and Leonard Dacres, and between the Earl and the Lady of Northumberland, of whose secret council Leonard Dacres is. It is meant when either men or munitions come into Scotland, which is expected in the spring, that the ships which bring them shall wear the Scottish flag in their tops. Desires to understand how far he may yield to the Regent's requests. To perform the siege and bring matters to pass as is desired they will need both neighbours' advice and support.—Berwick, 11 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 11. 709. Walsingham to Sir Thomas Smith.
M. Mauvissiere having given him to understand that they were advertised from the French ambassador in England that there were 14 ships preparing to repair to Rochelle, and although Frenchmen and Flemings bore the name of them, yet were they not unfurnished of English mariners, and therefore desired that they might be restrained. Walsingham answered that he would advertise the Queen thereof, but that it would be hard to restrain them, as there were such a number of ships and mariners "unset a work" in respect of the unkindness between Spain and England. He also desired that their Majesties should consider that, notwithstanding the league between the Turk and this crown, and contrary to an express inhibition of the King, a large number of his subjects served last summer under the League, which the Turk interpreted in good part, knowing that it was done without the King's consent. On the 6th inst. Mauvissiere was despatched towards Calais with certain coaches to meet the Earl of Worcester. Monsieur's departure is thought to be rather to fear the Rochellois and make them condescend to some accord, as this time of year is very unapt to besiege a town situated in a marsh. Of late there has been some purpose held with him whether he thought the Queen might be induced to be a mediator unto the King, that the Rochellois might abandon the town with bag and baggage. The English merchants' causes here, now that it comes to execution, find but expedition in words, so that it is better for them to lose what they sue for than to continue their suits. The King's patents sent to Rouen are no more regarded than Walsingham's letters. The English are so ill-liked here that whatsoever fair speech they use they think it injustice to do them justice.
Printed by Digges. Pp. 1⅓.
Jan. 13. 710. Siege of Haarlem.
Arrival of Spanish forces before Haarlem, where they were refused admission.—13 Jan. 1573.
Endd. by Burghley. Span. P. ¾.
Jan. 14. 711. The Duke of Alva to Antonio Guarras.
Has received the articles which Lord Burghley gave him to forward, but has not been able to reply earlier through indisposition. Encloses a memorial on the articles, which he may give him. As regards his power to treat in this matter, Guarras may show the Duke's letters under his own hand giving him authority. He is to tell Burghley that he considers him so good a servant of the Queen that he relies on his good offices.—Nimeguen, 14 Jan. 1573.
Copy. Endd. Span. Pp. 2.
[Jan. 14.] 712. The Duke of Alva to Antonio Guarras.
Has received his writings of 11 Nov., with the articles proposed for a renewal of amity and intercourse between the subjects of the Queen of England and the King of Spain, to certain of which he agrees, and refers the others to the decision of the commissioners that shall be appointed on either side.
Draft copy. Endd. Span. Pp. 2¼.
[Jan. 14.] 713. Articles for compounding the Differences between Spain and England.
Providing for the renewal of traffic between the subjects of the Queen of England and those of the King of Spain on the same footing as it was before the late arrest, and the appointment of commissioners on either side to determine controversies; also granting certain freedom in religion to the English trafficking with Spain, in which, however, English residents are not to participate, but are to continue subject to the Holy Office in the ordinary manner.
Corrected by Burghley. Endd.: Anton, Guaras. Span, Pp. 1¾.
Jan. 14. 714. Memorial of Antonio Guarras to Lord Burghley.
Providing for the execution of certain articles and clauses of a treaty for the renewal of the intercourse between the subjects of the Queen of England and the King of Spain.
Endd. Span. Pp. 2¼.
Jan. 16. 715. David Lindsay to H. Killegrew.
The commissioners appointed by the Regent and the kirk have convened and agreed to sundry articles touching the order of the election of bishops, the punishment of Papists and such as lie at the horn, successors and gifts to benefices, manses and glebe for ministers, and other articles. The article which he desired him to remember touching the murder is not likely to pass, lest it should hold back some that are willing to come to composition. This day the Castle declared their evil with great shooting and little harm.—Leith, 16 Jan.
P.S.—Names of the Lords assembled in Parliament. Signed.
Add. End. Pp. 2.
Jan. 17. 717. Opening of the Scottish Parliament.
Names of the commissioners who opened the parliament in the name of the King, which is to continue until it is declared by them to be dissolved or deferred. List of the members thereof.
Partly in Latin. Pp. 4.
718. Another copy.
Partly in Latin. Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 3½.
Jan. 17. 719. H. Killegrew to Sir John Forster.
The Regent complains that Ferniehurst was received of late at Chipchase by Sir George Heron. If it be true it cannot be without his knowledge, whom he is sure has warrant therefor, otherwise he would suffer none under his charge to bear with any rebel of the King of Scots, whose authority the Queen seeks to establish. For his own part he would that Ferniehurst should be forthcoming, not to be hurt by him, nor yet in case to offend the King's party by any countenance he shall be able to give his friends by his liberty and being in England.—Berwick, 17 Jan. 1573. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 17. 720. Nicholas Elphinstone to H. Killegrew.
The Duke and the Earl of Huntley are both in terms of appointment. No means lawful will be refused to settle the state in quietness. The other matter may not at this time be touched, because presently the murder may not be spoken of, seeing some who are suspected thereof are in terms of appointment. Order is kept with the Castle; shortly their liberty to send forth will be cut from them. It will please him to hasten the 500l., but rather 1,000l. if it be possible. The men of war cannot be satisfied without whole payment, or else are like to leave serving. Sir James Balfour is returned to the town to follow out his reconciliation.—Edinburgh, 17 Jan. Signed.
Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 18. 721. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
In the "great matter" he cannot see what is to be done, nor yet the Regent's intention towards the Duke and the Earl of Huntley, but he fears that those who desire appointment will have the same so ample that it will anger a good many of the King's party, and so the Regent may become afraid how to proceed. Desires to know if the Queen would have him enter into any terms with the Earl of Arygle, or any other that may seem like best to bear the bell, if God should call this Regent.—Dunbar, 18 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 19. 722. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
They of the Castle at their issuing out made repair to a well near unto the Castle and St. Cuthbert's Church, where they have carried in of the water, which shows scarcity of good water within, whereupon order was given by the Regent that the well should be taken away from them, which will be of no small consequence. Has always said that water would be their chief want.—Berwick, 19 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 18. 723. H. Killegrew to Sir W. Drury
Requests him to forward some letters he has received from Sir James Balfour and others, which he prays him tie with thread, as he can get no sealing thread here.—Dunbar, 18 Jan., late at night. Signed.
Add. Endd. Enclosure. P. 1.
Jan. 20. 724. Earl of Huntley to the Earl of Argyle.
Prays that by his labour and procurement a farther abstinence may be had, with favourable and reasonable conditions to the Castle of Edinburgh, as conveniently may be thought needful to be granted, and that there may be a meeting of the nobility, whereby the matters now standing in debate may be the better compounded, at the which, if it should happen to be, it is most meet that some of the Duke's "specials" should be there, that their advice may be had in the same. —Huntley, 20 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Endd. Copy. P. ½.
Jan. 20. 725. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
1. Perceives by his letter of the 12th that he has not received such letters and books as he sent by a servant of the Vidame, who departed on the 2nd inst. The book was a defence of the Queen of Scots, compiled by those whom he named in his last letter. Thanks him for so earnestly dealing for his return. Knows that he loves not many ceremonies in words, and therefore forbears to use them, but hopes that he makes account of him to be as much at his devotion as any other of his calling in England.
2. Mr. Dale seems to be much discouraged to proceed in this charge, for that a living promised him is like to be bestowed upon some other.
3. Beseeches him so to work that the same cause of discouragement may be removed, as he will find the charges here so intolerable as he is like to pay dearly for it.—Paris, 20 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Jan. 20. 726. News from Rochelle.
1. The enemy have thrust out of Pons and Fontenay all the Protestants, and have slain 200 of them at Niort.
2. M. de Meru has come to Rochelle. The Cardinal of Este and the Archbishop of Rheims are returned with the Pope's bull absolving the King from all oaths he has made, or may hereafter make, with the heretics. The 2nd inst. the King sitting in council with 12 others, sware that he would abolish the religion; that he would never seek peace till the King of Navarre and his adversaries be utterly destroyed; that he will cause the decree of the Council of Trent to be published, and afterwards set up the Inquisition, saying that he saw that so long as his predecessors gave unto every man free liberty of conscience, the realm was never without trouble, whereas when they proceeded to burning of heretics, the same did greatly flourish; and if he happened to be constrained to grow to any accord, he swore he would not maintain it, whereunto the rest bound themselves, and subscribed this wicked conjuration. The Vayvode is detained prisoner at Cracovia by his own subjects. The French King purposes to entertain the King of Navarre with fair words while his forces are gathering, and with one part of his army to set upon Gascony and fire all the country in three months' space, and his brother shall set upon Languedoc, which being done, they will give a great power to the Duke of Guise, which shall always continue about Champagne and Burgundy.
Endd. P. 2/3.
Jan. 21. 726a. [Walsingham] to Lord Burghley.
If the cause of his stay here grows only in respect of the Queen's service, although he has much cause to desire his return, he will with patience digest the same. Hopes when she finds his stay not needful she will yield to his revocation. The direction of Scottish matters is committed to the Cardinal of Lorraine's charge. Lord Livingstone and Lord Ogilvy look shortly to be despatched hence, they receive good entertainment at the Cardinal's hands. They have commission to assure the Duke of Chatelherault that he shall be restored to his dukedom, and Marshal Montmorency otherwise recompensed, that Lord Arbroath shall be General of the Scottish men-atarms, and Lord Claude have the reversion of the Captainship of the Guard, that Huntley and Argyle shall have the Great Order sent them, and assurance of great pensions. Although Argyle seems to incline to the King's part the best here are of another opinion. Is informed the Cardinal of Lorraine has brought a dispensation for Monsieur to marry his niece. Marshal Tavannes is in some hope of recovery.—Paris, 21st Jan. 1573.
Copy. Endd.: "A copy of Mr. Secretary's letter. P. 1.
Jan. 22. 727. Maisonfleur to Lord Burghley.
When he learnt that the real object of his negociation had been disclosed to Mauvissiere, fearing lest when he returned to the court he should inform the Queen Mother and the King, and that some disagreeable might happen to the Duke [of Alençon], he wrote a long letter to the latter, advertising him of the discovery, and also of what might happen if he did not take care. He also advised him to come over to England before Mauvissiere's arrival at the French court, and if possible to bring his brother-in-law and cousingerman and to go to Havre, where he would find the armed vessel ready to receive him. Admits that he should not have advised him to come unless he expected that he would be successful in marrying his mistress, assuring him that though she had never actually promised to marry him, yet he might be certain of so good a reception that in the end he could not fail in securing the end of his object. He advised him also to separate himself from the counsel of his relations, as his mistress had been so often deceived in that quarter. Begged and exhorted him as soon as he should receive his letter to mount his horse for Havre, giving him every hope of success. Wrote in a similar fashion to La Mole. According to the report of this gentleman, who has arrived, he was ready to start, but was advised first to send over and ascertain her resolution from the mouth of his mistress. This gentleman has come to learn the final decision of Her Majesty, and to obtain a promise under her hand to marry the Duke on his arrival. Informs him of this so that Her Majesty may be prepared to give answer at his first audience, and so he can return to his master at once, without being discovered by the ambassador or others, as he is a well-known man, If there is any matter to be settled, it can be done by the writer, or the English Ambassador in France. Begs that he will not tell the gentleman that he has written to the writer, as he does not want him to know that he has written to the Queen about Rochelle, and who cannot have failed to have shown Burghley the letter which he sent to Montgomery.—London, 22— Signed: Maisonfleur.
Add. Endd. Fr. Pp. 4.
Jan. 24. 728. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
They are much perplexed here by advertisements from Rochelle and Flanders. The Rochellois made a sally one night, and have distressed the greatest part of Biron and Strozzi's company. Out of Flanders they are informed of some great overthrow given by the Prince of Orange to the other party near Haarlem. They have intercepted letters promising great succours to them of Languedoc out of Germany. The King is like to have no Switzers. There is a muttering of some overthrow received by the Duke of Alva, who is very sick at Nimeguen. They of Flushing have taken six ships laden with merchandise and victuals. Grimaldi, a Florentine, sues here for license to transport into Flanders 500,000 crowns for the payment of the King's soldiers there. The Cardinal of Lorraine reports that the Duke of Florence, through his late sickness of apoplexy, has lost his wits. The Queen Mother is very much dismayed withal, for she fears the like disease.—Paris, 24 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd., with seal. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 24. 729. Walsingham to Lord Burghley.
1. A Jesuit who has great conference with M. A. in matters of greatest importance, discovered to a friend, who imparted the same to Walsingham, that the 19th instant the Queen Mother had a secret council with only the Cardinal of Lorraine and two others, in which was debated the course to be taken for appeasing the troubles here. It was concluded that until England might be kept occupied, there could grow no thorough redress here without hazarding the whole state, and therefore it was requisite now to yield to them of Rochelle any reasonable kind of surety they would require, and also to the other towns in France that hold out, and to let them have the liberty of their religion; and amongst others, that the Count of Montgomery should have offer to retire to Rochelle with condition to yield his son to be a pledge.
2. This being done it is then concluded to send under the Marquis of Maine 1,000 shot, which shall be done as proceeding from himself and disavowed by the King, who shall land at Ayr, and after they have joined with some of the Queen of Scots' party, repair to Edinburgh, where Lethington and Grange have promised to deliver up the Castle to such as the King shall appoint, upon recompense to receive some living here in France. And there leaving a sufficient garrison they shall fortify themselves at Dumbarton, Broughty, and Eyemouth. And this being done the Duke of Guise and the Chevalier shall come over with other forces to procure the delivery of the Queen of Scots, for they are assured that such of the said Queen's friends as are in England will upon their landing incontinently take arms, whose party and forces are so great that they only need good leaders and munition to deliver the Queen of Scots in spite of Her Majesty. In the meanwhile they are resolved that Chatelherault and Huntley shall seem to yield to any composition that the Regent will have them, only to keep out that the Queen of England shall send no forces to assist the Regent, which they have advertisement that she has meaning to do. For the communicating these matters to the Queen's party, it is determined that Verac shall be sent forthwith. He shall also have commission to bear the Regent that the French King does not mislike his present government, and to use all such speeches as may entertain him for a time until things here be settled. He shall also offer the entertainment of men-at-arms to all such young gentlemen of both parties as are serviceable.
3. Other particularities he said he learned of him which he might not utter and which were of great consequence. The gentleman to whom this was discovered being a Scotchman is one whom he well credits, and for that he is thought to incline towards B, the party above named dealt the more frankly with him. Has promised this messenger 6l. 13s. 4d. for that his own men have not returned.
P.S.—Verac is already departed and commanded to use all expedition.—Paris, 24 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 1½.
Jan. 25. 730. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
The Regent desired him to take occasion to move him in the presence of the Lords to condescend to some reasonable accord with the Duke and the Earl of Huntley; he had therefore audience next day of the whole Parliament, where, though his eloquence was bare, yet such was the Queen's credit and the reverence borne unto her, that the intention took good effect. On the 16th, the Castle shot eighty-seven cannon and culverin shot at the town, in hope to drive the lords from the Parliament, but they did no more harm but killed one dog going to the Regent's house. They have had liberty to go in and out of a postern gate beside St. Cuthbert's church, to fetch water from St. Margaret's well, hard beside, but the well is poisoned with white arsenic and new lime stones and filled up with dead carrion, since which, it was confessed by a boy that came forth of the Castle, they were in hand to make a device to draw up water out of the ditch that joins to the Castle side; to prevent them of that commodity the Regent has drained the ditch, so that considering by report they have little water within, they shall be driven to some inconvenience. The surveyor of Berwick and Mr. Fleming the master gunner have been there eight days and drawn the plat for the Regent to frame his trenches by, which now go on apace; the master gunner said he would jeopard his life with twelve cannons and six sakers to beat down the Castle in three days after his battery were placed, which may be done in two places without danger or hurt to the planters.—Edinburgh 25 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2¼.
Jan. 23. 731. Robert Melvil to H. Killegrew.
Has hazarded this boy to convey the answer to a proclamation that their adversaries have set forth, thinking thereby to persuade all men that they have refused all manner of reasonable conditions which he proposed to them; he thought it convenient to advertise him thereof as he was the only instrument that travailed between them, seeing that it touches him in honour as well as themselves, having no doubt he will cause the truth to be known.—Edinburgh Castle, 23 Jan. Copy.
Endd. P. ½. Enclosure.
Jan. 24. 732. H. Killigrew to Robert Melvil.
Has received his letter from the boy, but not so secretly that it came to the Regent's knowledge; what followed the boy will shew him; he has obtained favour that he shall return this time without hurt, but henceforth if he would [write] anything to him, prays him to send a public messenger. Will bear witness with a good conscience to those things which he [Melvil] says touch him in honour. If their public deeds deserved love of the people, no papers could make them hate them. There was a time when he might have been an instrument to do him good, whereof he must refer to himself by what means he is secluded. If they sendany reasonable conditions during the sitting of the present Parliament he will prefer them the best he may.—Edinburgh, 24 Jan.
Copy. Enclosure. P. ¾.
Jan. (25 ?) 733. Assembly of the Scotch Parliament.
Names of the noblemen convened at the Parliament begun at Edinburgh 15th January 1572. The note and titles of such Acts as were passed in the Parliament before the 28th January. It was spoken and thought good, howbeit it was not enacted, that advice should be given to the Regent touching receiving to pardon of persons guilty of the slaughter of the Earl of Lennox, late Regent, and the suspension and delaying of pursuit of the murder of the King's father.
Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 2.
Jan. (26 ?) 734. Assembly of the Scotch Parliament.
The table of the Acts of Parliament begun at Edinburgh the 15th January and concluded the 26th of the same month, with the substance of the Acts that cannot be well known by their titles.
Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 5.
735. Another copy of the same.
Endd. by Burghley. Pp. 5.
736. Another copy of the same.
Endd. Pp. 5.
(Jan. ?) 737. Occurrents in Scotland.
1. The Regent espying great default and corruption in the policy of the Kirk, especially in the collection of thirds for the sustentation of the ministers, has caused great travail to be taken therein. For whereas there were not ministers placed over all parts of the realm, but only in certain places, nor was their living certain, but depended upon collectors, whose abuse and corruption manifestly appeared, he has caused inquiry to be made of the number and names of the preachers, and the parish churches, and as the number of preachers is less than the churches, each preacher shall serve at so many churches, each several church having a person appointed for reading the prayers. Living and stipend is to be provided for the preachers and readers from the revenues of the churches in which they serve, and when any shall be vacant by the death of the present possibly Papists, they shall be conferred upon preachers and readers as they "are of avail," so that in a short time there is good hope that all benefices shall come to the possession of ministers professing the true religion. To further the same there is good diligence made to execute the Act of Parliament against Papists, for those who are beneficed and have not given confession of their faith are deprived ipso facto, and their benefices given as if they were naturally dead, whilst other men and women who have not made confession are declared infamous, wherein the law is executed as well against noblemen as others.
2. The Regent has persuaded the Lords to agree to an order for shortening and deciding all old causes and processes, in such sort that the oldest shall be first decided, and one shall be discussed before they enter into another, and that none shall be driven to longsome and unnecessary attending. A table of all the actions and processes shall be hung in the Tolbooth, that all men may know when their matters shall be called.
Endd. Pp. 1¼.
Jan. ? 738. Occurrents in Scotland.
Conditions are to be proposed to Alexander Erskine anent the keeping of the King's person, but should he refuse, or fail in the performance, these persons are nominated to be keepers —the Earls of Glencairn and Buchan, the Master Marshal, and Lord Glammis. The Parliament has confirmed the Earldom of Lennox to the Lord Charles. There is hope that Alexander Stewart shall serve the Regent's turn in dealing with James Kyrkcaldy. A charge is sent to the master, skipper, and mariners of the French ship to appear before the Council. The Earl of Huntley is satisfied in the point of the Chancelry, and there is great likelihood of his conformity.
Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 27. 739. James Kirkcaldy to the Earl of Huntley.
The Regent intends to compass the house by sea and land, nevertheless it might be well kept if they had sufficient provision of victual. They will keep it as long as they may possibly at his devotion, and if it be his pleasure to hazard a boat charged with malt, meal, and other victual, with some soldiers, he will pay for them and for all other that shall be necessary for the maintenance of the house. Help is so near at hand that the Queen of England's forces cannot resist it, as the King's own writing, which he has, will shew. A force might be able to convey him from the house, and render himself and his troops into his hands, whereby he will be a great help, or else such furniture as he has desired must be provided for the maintenance of the house.—Blackness, 27 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. P. 1.
Jan. 29. 740. H. Killegrew to Lord Burghley.
1. The enterprise, by such as have been from Berwick, is esteemed so easy, that the wisest think the Castle will never abide the cannon; he has heard them say that if the cannon came they would yield while they might hope for mercy. The number of pieces of the battery desired to beat the defences is twelve cannons and six sakers. Intends with Sir W. Drury's advice to send the Queen from Berwick a perfect note of all things pertinent to the number of men to guard them by Captain Errington, who knows the Castle without and within, the strength and the weakness, as perfectly as anything may be known; he shall carry with him a plat of the house and ground. The Queen had better send the cannon and appurtenances than any men, which would better please the Regent, though he desires 500 men; but the surer way were to send 1,000, especially if he is advertised that the French send any men as Sarlabois, for 500 would be necessary to guard Leith, which it is more important to guard than any other place in Scotland, and, Leith guarded, there is no reason to doubt of the enterprise though 3,000 Frenchmen came. There is no ordnance or munition here except two culverins, one in Tantallon and the other in Stirling, which the Regent will prepare, also some small field pieces to guard the trenches, and will make provision for gabions or maunds for the battery if it should come to that he looks for. The names of hostages have been given, of whose sufficiency he will write by Captain Errington. A month's pay will end the matter. For the miner if the battery be made it shall be superfluous, nevertheless for terror he may come and put the Queen to no charge. Some footmen and 200 horsemen of England are necessary because their men here be not under discipline nor at commandment, besides not always to be trusted. If the matter be thought convenient to make a final end, will solicit him to send charge to Berwick to put things in readiness, and to the Bishopric to send some supply of men, for carriage of the ordnance. If some of the Queen's ships might come in time it would do well, if not some of Newcastle. James Kyrkcaldy arrived at Blackness on the 25th, in a French pinnace which carried a Scottish flag, as they say all shall do that shall be sent into Scotland, whereof the Admiral should have warning. He brought 24 calivers, 20 gilt morions, and 10,000 crowns in gold, both he and all that he brought are like and Blackness also to be at the Regent's devotion this night. The same day he arrived the house was environed by sea and land, and his pinnace taken and brought to Leith. The Duke of Chatelherault had lately letters from him that shot the good Regent, how that the Pope, Emperor, France, and Spain have conspired to send against the Protestants of Scotland and England in favour of the Queen of Scots. Touching the book with the honest preface, of which some are complaining in France, he shall observe his advice. The Bishop of Galloway is in the north; he will meet with him and the Earl of Huntley, and then observe his duty in that behalf. Christ and his cross were never separated from his slander, being a portion thereof, their hate and malice is for his cause, who will defend his (Burghley's) cause and reward them. He cannot think that Lethington would assent to so vile a deed, but he will search as he may; Gordon is to be suspected, and such as he is great withal in England, the man is clean fallen from God, as he hears by them that come out of France. He beseeches him to remember his suit for a pension of 20l. for Alexander Hay. Desires to know how far may he use the Queen's name in case the Duke and the Earl of Huntley require her promise or favour for their security after the accord be granted, for although his commission be ample, yet he would have his advice; for the surcease of prosecuting the King's murder and the Regent's, will come in question.—Edinburgh, 29 Jan. Signed.
2. Postscript.—There has been some ado about jewels between Mr. Marshall and Mr. Randolph; there has been some difficulty in the obtaining of them, howbeit he has gotten them into his hand, for all the Act of Parliament set forth against the sale of the like.
Pp. 5.
1572. Nov. 2. 741. Giovanni Ambruogio de Sardi to H. Killegrew.
Hears he is serving the Queen in Scotland as prudently as he did in France. Reports the death of Dr. Christopher Mundt, the Queen's agent in Germany, and requests him to do his best to obtain the post for him. The people of the religion in Rochelle will put themselves under the protection of the Queen, with Marshal Montmorency at their head. The Ambassador of the French King having told the Senate of Berne that the Huguenots were slain for having conspired against the King and his mother, one of them replied that it was false, and time would make him repent of so cruel a butchery. The Senate had great difficulty in restraining the people from tearing him to pieces. From Venice it is reported that the allies have suffered a defeat from the Turks, and have lost two thirds of their armament. The Pope has ordained a jubilee for the happy success (as they term it) of the most Christian King against the heretics. The Moors have rebelled again in Spain. It has been determined to elect a Pole as King of Poland. Doctor Mordizio died last Whitsuntide, greatly to the grief of the Elector his master, who has lost a good servant; he himself has lost a good friend. Strozzi has a design on the Isle of Wight, failing which he will turn towards Scotland, and will do some harm to the Queen in that quarter.—Leipzic, 3 Nov. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Ital. Pp. 42/3. Enclosure.
Jan. 29. 742. H. Killegrew to Sir T. Smith.
Has communicated to the Regent, to his great satisfaction, the Queen's pleasure in answer to his demands. They have no ordnance but two old culverins and a demi-falcon or two, which be far hence. Sends the names of the hostages, and will write further of their ability and sufficiency. Men of judgment think the enterprise most facile and not chargeable, but some men will be necessary to guard the ordnance, and for other respects. Has procured a conference with the Duke and the Earl of Huntley, and stands in good hope that upon their accord some good may be done to bring them of the Castle to conformity. The Queen's answer touching Home Castle did well content the Regent, but he desires the Queen to be put in remembrance of his suit for Alexander Home of Manderstone. It is said that such ships as shall come out of France shall wear the Scottish flag, as the pinnace did that brought home Mr. James Kirkcaldy. The Regent will prepare gabions and all such necessaries for the battery. They both are of opinion that they of the Castle will never abide two peals of the battery. A ship is necessary for conveying the ordnance from Berwick.—Edinburgh, 29 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 29. 743. Sir W. Drury to Lord Burghley.
Has already sent skilful and expert men to the Regent, whose opinion he shall receive together with a plat by express messenger. He shall have a note of what powder, pieces, and munitions are at Berwick, with some estimate of the monthly charges thereof. Pledges his credit to do his best for the hastening of matters. The 27th inst. there came a tall ship and a small bark well appointed near to Fern Island, and made with some of the fisher boats that were returning to land from fishing, and asked if there were not one that could serve for a pilot into the Firth. One answered he could, whom they took away with them and set sail towards Scotland. It seems that the last packet he sent with a pair of gallows there was not matter within to wish the same speedy direction, but the bringer of the packet from Mr. Killegrew did so wish him to hasten it. He meant well, and hopes it will be so construed.—Berwick, 29 Jan. 1572. Signed.
Add. Endd. Pp. 2.
Jan. 744. News out of Scotland.
The Castilians being put from sallying at the Castle gate had repair to a postern in the north side of the Castle, besides St. Margaret's church and St. Cuthbert's well, where they issued and fetched water at their will, to prevent them thereof the well was destroyed. The Regent's trenches are advanced from the spur of the Castle to the north port, and from St. Cuthbert's church, so that with the water lying in the south-east side the Castle between both is environed. The 10th of the month the Castilians, to fray them that came to the parliament, bestowed 87 great shot upon the town, which did harm to no creature but a dog which lay before the Regent's door. The men, women, and children go quietly in the streets as if there were no shot, which is wondrous to behold. There have been six persons slain on the Regent's side, and three within the Castle, and as many hurt between the Tolbooth and the spur of the Castle. The Tolbooth and the church are fenced with a rampart of turf, fagot, and other stuff. The lords of the parliament sit safe in the Tolbooth, and people go quietly and safely to church. The Regent and lords prepare for the field, leaving a competent number to remain in Edinburgh for the siege of the Castle, which but by famine may not be had of any Scottish forces. There is an abstinence granted at the suit of the (English) ambassador for the Duke and the Earl of Huntley until the 24th February. Certain lords shall confer with them at a day and place named, whereof there is great appearance. Sir James Balfour, who has received a pardon, deals to further the accord. The Regent will make sharp war upon them unless they come to agreement. The Borderers are come to answer for their followers, according to an ancient law and bond subscribed for their quiet, and for to answer according to justice. The Earl of Argyle is Chancellor of Scotland. Alexander Erskine is to have the keeping of the King, upon certain conditions, for performance whereof he must find four lords of parliament to become bound for him body and lands. He has 15 days to bethink him, and in case he refuses, then shall the Earls of Glencarne and Buchan, the Lord Glammis and the Master Marshal, shall have keeping of the King quarterly, and for an aid in case of sickness the Lord Lindsay is named. From the 25th to the 28th the Castilians have bestowed few shots; some think because they have heard how little their shot did prevail. Mr. James Kyrkcaldy arrived on the 25th at Blackness, which is environed by sea and land. Some men sallying forth to get victual were taken by the Regent; it is said it will be taken, and the money brought by Kyrkcaldy bestowed upon the captain of the house, who shall bestow the same to the King's behoof. Note of such acts as were passed in the parliament begun at Edinburgh 15th January before the 24th of the month, and names of noblemen who were convened at the parliament.
Pp. 4.
[Jan. 31.] 745. Siege of Edinburgh Castle.
Report of John Fleming, master gunner, as to the number of guns, with the proportion of powder, shot, and other munitions necessary for the siege of the Castle. The smallest pieces, called sakers, take charges of 5 lbs. of powder, and the demi-culverins charges of 8 lbs. The battering pieces, consisting of three whole culverins, nine demi-cannons, and six whole cannons, take charges of 12, 20, and 30 lbs. of powder respectively.—31 [Jan.] 1572. Signed by John Fleming.
Endd. Pp. 5.
Jan. 746. Rochelle.
Rough plan by Lord Burghley of the coast of the Bay of Biscay in the neighbourhood of Rochelle, marking the position of the principal towns and islands.
Endd. by Burghley: "The plat of Rochelle, January 1572."